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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 23, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro Hirrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th Southern Illinoisan Pren Htrrln Olly Journl Murphysboro N MM 010175 Iff LIBHARY LS NEWSPAPERS BOX 789 BECAXUR ILL 62525 Velum 309ISe Copy Ruling is blow to Hoffa Washington StarNewg And Associated Press Washington In a ruling that could affect the attempts of former Teamster President James R Hoffa to quickly assume a position of union leadership the Supreme Court ruled today that a president has the right to at tach conditions when he com mutes a sentence On a 63 vote the court said that presidents historically have followed the practice of attaching specific conditions when granting commuta tions The ruling today involved a former army sergeant whose death sentence was commuted by President Dwight D Eisenhower in 1960 on the con dition that the man never become eligible for parole But it could affect the at tempts of Hoffa to expunge the condition that former President Richard M Nixon imposed when he commuted Hoffas sentence for jury tampering in 1971 This condition bars Hoffa from engaging in union ac tivities until March 1980 Hoffas own appeal of his parole status is now before a US Court of Appeals A district court ruled against Hoffa who was challenging the condition on grounds similar to that of the army sergeant Chief Justice Warren E Burger wrote the majority opinion in the ruling today saying that the Supreme Court has long read the constitution as authorizing the Presidert to deal with individual cases by gran ting conditional pardons The very essence of the pardoning power is to treat each case individually he said We note that presidents throughout our history as a nation have exercised the power to pardon or commute sentences upon conditions that are not specifically authorized by statute Burger declared In other actions today the court Rejected appeals from three conservative radio and television commentators who sought to overturn union managements requiring them to be union members Upheld a federal appeals court ruling curbing a federal district judges power to restrict newspaper reporting of a trial Agreed to review a decision striking down a Texas law which requires identifica tion of both the sponsors and the printers of political ad vertising Ruled six to three that an individual is not constitu tionally entitled to a hearing before having electrical power cut off for nonpayment of a bill Denied review a Pennsylvania ruling that a confession given i n a Pittsburgh murder case could not be used because police did not warn the suspect of his rights Declined to consider a chaDenge to the use of state athletic facilities in Mississippi by racially segregated private schools Upheld the constitu tionality of a Michigan law against teaching birth control In public schools Blast rips through ship Hastings England AP An explosion ripped through the boiler room of the Argen tine warship Candido de Lasala in the English channel today killing two sailors and seriously injuring three others the British Coast Guard reported A Royal Air Force helicopter ferried the injured men to the Royal Sussex Hospital in Hastings 2 SKtionk 20 Area sugar prices drop fi 11 vmnYliatXT Jlf tnP K T If your Christmas candy is already made you probably are too late Southern Illinois sugar prices came down today Some dip ped only by 10 cents a five pound bag while others plum eted as much as 41 cents for the same weight amount The Kroger Food Store in Carbondale posted the greatest decrease today dropping its price 41 cents on a fivepound bag A fivepound bag of sugar at Macks Big Star in Carbon dale and Marion costs 20 cents less than it did last week Car bondale store manager Bill Garner said the price probably will stabilize at thenew low but could possibly go even low er Carroll Barnhart manager of the National Supermarket in Carbondale says he does not know the reason for the price cut announced today St Louis division offices ordered the 4Xent re duction per fivepound bag of fering no reason Barnhart said Jim Harrawood manager at the A P Food Store in Car bondale said today sugar pri ces at that store have not yet dropped Weve heard nothing yet from our division offices in St Louis he said The Boren IGA Foodliners in Carbondale Herrin and Ma rion have reduced fiieir sugar prices by 2 cents a pound Gold hits record high before American rush London AP The price of gold hit record highs in Europe today as speculators scrambled to buy the precious metal before Americans join the gold rush Dec 31 and many dealers believe force the price even higher The pirce was fixed in Lon don by the big five bullion dealers at an ounce a jump from Fridays afternoon fixing The price peaked at in trading during the day the highestever quote for the metal In Zurich the other major world bullion center the price was pegged at an ounce It was Friday Dealers reprted the jump was due in part to buyers get ting in bids for the Jan 6 auc tion of 2 million ounces of gold in Washington the week after Americans are permitted to buy the metal for the first time in 41 years Some dealers also noted that press comments on gold had been favorable over the weekend They said this spur red a scramble to buy before the price goes even higher Some brokers have predicted gold will sell soon for to an ounce However the volume of trading was relatively small one dealer reported The US dollar which usually weakens slightly when the price of gold rises stayed firm after a weak opening at 2575 Swiss francs down from 26 francs Friday Dealers believe the London pricefixing will serve as the base line for the big field of buyers expected to compete in the Washington auction by the U S Treasury The government will sell at the best prices it can get but is under no obliga tion to sell all of the 2 million ounces The United States has 276 million ounces of gold in official reserves Tax cut increase recommended Washington AP Tax cuts of up to billion a year have been urged by the congressional Joint Economic Committee to help pump up the economy and head off what the panel called possibly the worst recession in more than 35 years At the same time the com mittee urged Congress to con sider enacting a gasoline tax increase to help force a reduc tion in demand As an example it saicLa tax ofMjjents agallon Lower income fax higher gasoline tax urged Traffic moves through narrow streets around the Marlon Plaza Marion grows fast in center of area By 0R Walley Of The Southern Illinoisan The attempt by Marion to annex the Williamson County Airport may have been the cap stone to an aggressive annexa tion policy Marion has followed in recent years Mayor Robert Butler has re duced his petition asking the ABOUT THE ARTICLE Marion located in the heart of Southern Illinois is a grow ing city Its population has grown Employment has in creased Time and savings de posits are larger The value of the average home has duced his petition asking the TMs is fte fot of circuit court for permission to s rfes concerntog the growth annex 40 acres of the airport to less than 10 acres in strips along Illinois 148 and 13 Mar ion wants to annex Eastlawn Memorial Gardens Ceme tery on Illinois 148 which re cently was deeded to the city Protests by other cities the concerning the growth how it came about and the problems it has caused citys area to about three sq uare miles1 Mayor Robert Butlers new j county and the airport autho administration in 1963 institut rity have slowed Marions plans and at the same time focused attention on the rapid growth of the city Marion was incorporated in 1839 and remained basically the same for 101 years It was 1 miles square with fewer than 10000 residents except in the peak coal mining period of the 1920s when it was about 14000 The Bainbridge Square addi tion was annexed in 1940 to push the city limits adjacent to the new Veterans Hospital a necessity for location of the facility in Marion There was another annexation in 1959 Then a mushrooming growth began in 1963 Since then 171 annexations have extended the ed a policy of not providing water and sewer service tp pro perty not within the city limits That brought immediate grow th Population in the 1960 census was 11274 A special federal census asked by the city in 1972 counted 12899 Butler considering annexa tions since 1972 says The turbojet plane service added to Marions good fortune The Veterans Hospital and the Southern Division offices of the General Telephone Co and the Central Illinois Public Service Co were placed in Marion in the 1930s because of the central location and highway network A federal penitentiary near Marion opened in January 1964 A state regional office building serving 27 area counties open ed in 1972 The governmental and utility centers create another big plus stability That stability is reflected by census and research figures Total employment in 1970 was 4215 with about mil lion in earnings The 1970 me dian family income was exceeded in the area only by Carbondales Time and savings deposits between 1970 and 1972 increas ed 14172 per cent at one bank 83 per cent at a second bank and 48 per cent at a savings per cent or 500000 barrels a day during first year The federal gas tax now is four cents a gallon The committees taxcut proposal Sunday was joined by other tax cut recommendations from Andrew F Brimmer a former member of the Federal Reserve Board and economist Walter M Heller chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under Presidents John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson Brimmer now dean of the Harvard Business School pro posed a onetime 10 per cent cut in 1974 federal income tax es Heller appearing on NBCs Meet the Press called for a two per cent reduction in in come tax rates on earned in come up to about The congressional joint com mittee warning that unemployment will hit 75 per cent by next summer said a minimum of billion in tax relief should be enacted im mediately aimed at low and moderate income persons A voluntary system of wage price guidelines also was ad vocated by the committees Democratic majority to give President Ford authority to roll back selected wage and price hikes if he found them clearly inflationary Both Republicans and Democrats on the committee agreed that without new policies the United States will slip into what could be the worst recession In over 35 years The committees report argued that the only way to fight both recession and infla tion is to use fiscal and monetary stimulants and in tervnetion in some wage price cases It proposed that any tax cuts now could be offset later by elimination of the oil depletion allowance and other tax changes The reports recommenda tions differ sharply from the economicpolicy of Ford who has said the nation needs more fiscal restraint to fight infla tion The administration also has indicated it does not believe a large tax cut is need ed now Other major committee recommendations were AroUback of oilprices but an increase in the price of new natural gas A lessstringent monetary program than the one being followed by the Federal Reserve Board Expansion of federal public service job programs and unemployment compensa tion Jobless pay bills await signature Index RAIN Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sports Weather details map 1316 19 4 6 5 1617 1112 16 Washington AP Faced with a slipping economy and a rising jobless rate Congress has sent Presi dent Ford two bills that will give US workers the broadest unemployment compensation protection on record Ford has not yet signed the measures but is considered certain to do so One of the bills will make the 80 million employes covered by cloudy with rain win qualify likely high in the lower 40s gome J2 mimon workers for Wednesday partly cloudy with Wess payments for the first highs in the 30s and lows in tJme the 20s Sponsors said the bills were particularly important with unemployment now at 65 and expected to climb to 75 per cent or higher next year Six million Americans now are jobless The provisions on workers now ineligible for unemploy ment compensation will allow them 26 weeks of benefit payments the basic amount now available under the regular jobless aid pro gram can be made the national ratc exceed8 6 per cent which is expected to be the case throughout 1975 The major groups covered by this new program will be farm workers domestics and employes of state and local governments population has got to be around and loan 13500 now It may even be Migration of young people to larger cities to get work push ed Marions percentage of el derly residents higher than the states There were 2913 per sons older thanSO out of 10459 population in 1950 With the better economy a more than that A research group for a fin ancial institution projects that Marion will grow to 14000 in 1975 and 15800 in 1985 General Telephone Co plan ners say Marion has a popu lation of 13200 now and pre dict 17227 by 1980 and 20878 in 1990 workers ratify pact Area mine production resumes third todav joining the coal miners Were middle class has moved in Researchers say 68 per cent of Marions population is 49 Southern Dlmois mines are back in full production today with the return of about 300 construction workers in the United Mine Workers of Amer ica The construction workers whose twoweeklong strike had US oil interests may be nationalized 1990 Whythe growth and how has or younger and 34 per cent y AQ wnose o Mitchell said prevented miners from return ter one we the coal mm rati and 3 per cent for the third year Some constructions workers will receive a more than 15 per cent increase during the length of the contract They got a good contract They got a bet today joining the coal miners who returned to work early Friday Were going to have a little peace in the coal fields at last Shoemake said is between 20 and 49 There were 4601 housing units in Marion in 1970 and they were626 per cent owner By the Associated Press The draft of a bill to com plete the nationalization of American oil holdings in Venezuela is being submitted to President Carols Andres Perez today Perez who pledged when he took office last spring to na tionalize the oil and iron ore industries and make the coun try economically independent is expected to present the bill to the Venezuelan Congress in March it affected the city Everybody agrees its Mar ions location and transporta tion says Milton Witt exe cutive vice president of the occupied Since Jhen Greater Marion Area Chamber permits have jeen 11 rvimmprre 173 houses and28 multiplera dead cen mfly unite Adding annexed hou a home the 1970 and eastwest highways sect in Marion owner averaged in Constructionof interstate 57 census A savings and loan as Vu ir it tiri uunnKnn caiH m 1972 the aver of the Wil Airport with said in 1972 the aver age home was ing to work apparently fied the threeyear contract by a 7 to 1 margin in Southern Illinois UMWA International board member Gene Mitchell said he did not have an exact tally but the 11 locals in Southern Illinois were heavy in favor of the contract Mitchell said the new con tract calls for an immediate a day across the board increase with additional in creases of 4 per cent for the second year of the contract The new contract also pro vides for a districtwide senior ity system creating a district panel of outofwork construc tion workers The companies are required to hire the men on the panel before they can bring new workers in Thomas Shoemake subdis trict 8 board member said the mines have returned to full production The construction workers returned to work be ginning with the midnight shut National contract wins 21 approval Charleston W Va Mine construction workers accepted a new contract with the Association of Bituminous Contractors clearing the way for a return to full scale pro duction in the nations coal fields t After accepting the contract by roughly a 21 margin ac cording to a United Mine Workers spokesman in Washington officials said the workers would be back on the job at am today Despite a continuing disagreement with the Western Pennsylvania Coal Haulers Association John Lyons president of the UMW Local 1600 in Ebensburg Pa said truckers of the local would not form picket lines at mines Such a move had been rumored
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