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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 17, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICI Murphyiboro Htrrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212N lith Volunw12No 304lie Copy J Sections 20 lueewior to Fro frui Htrrin 6lly Journal Murphyiboro TUESDAY DEC 17 1974 Stop Choate drive begins Chicago AP State Rep William A Red mond says that he and two other representatives intend to block the election of the current Democratic leader as speaker of the Illinois House Redmond D BensenvilL announced his candidacy for the post Monday Redmond who was elected to a fifth term in November said he and the two other candidates Dlan a coalition to keep the potf from Rep Clyde L Choate of Anna the current Democratic leader The othe two candidates Rep Gerald A Bradley D Bloomington and Rep John S Matijevich DNOrth Chicago have said they intend to stop Choate from receiving a ma jority vote on the first bal lot Choate minority leader in the last two sessions when Re publicans dominated the House has not formally announced his candidacy but has been so liciting support for the election on Jan 8 At a news conference Re mond said it has been appar ent for the past several ses sions that not only the Repub licans but the Democrats have been dissatisfied with their leadership Redmond charged that Choate has run a closed politi cal operation and was part of the leadership that brought the House to the verge of chaos at the close of recent legislative sessions A frequent supporter of Mayor Richard J Daley Red mond predicted that Choate would fall short of a majority on the first ballot Although neither Daley nor GOT Daniel Walker has endorsed a can didate aides to Walker have called Choate unacceptable Democrats will control the House bya 10176 margin next year and can elect a Democrat as speaker if there is party agreement on a candidate In addition to Choate and the three announced candidates Rep Roland Tipsword DTay lorville said last week that he expected to seek the post But Tipsword said he had no personal grievance against Choate whom he has supported in the past William A A Bradley Clyde L Mixed forces affect economy Have sfabJe Whtn this moback of Buehanans pickup and Jr Allan Buchanan of haul th stabl Ith Harriiburg had to supply htr him Buchanan uyitht colt Problem how should on solid food In a h to take eari ef colt couphi AP Wirphoto Solution bad him down in tht By the Associated Press The nations economy Mon day experienced a potpourri of price increases and decreases labor agreements and dis agreements additional layoffs and a prediction thatthe worst Isyettocome for the unem ployment rolls Meanwhile efforts to put the energy problem in some order developed on the international and national scene On the energy front President Ford returned from his weekend summit meeting with French President Valery Giscard dEstaing on the Caribbean island of Mar tinique with a compromise agreement over ways for the two nations to combat the en ergy crisis A blueprint for a national energy policy workedout by administration staffers is ex pected to go to Ford later this week The Senate passed a bill that requires 30 per cent of imported oil coming into the United States be carried on U S tankers On the economic front Supermarket sugar prices fell as much as 70 cents per fivepound bag in some stores in the Northeast and U S Steel announced price increases av eraging 8 per cent over two thirds of its product line entered the staledcontract talks for United Mine Workers con struction employes and United Airlines pilots agreed to a new contract American Motors Corp announced temporary layoffs 15000 workers Court to hear plea to end mine picketing By the Associated Press Striking coal mine construc tion workers are picketing several Illinois mines again today but some pits including the states largest reopen ed A federal court hearing on an Injunction to end the walkout was set for this afternoon in East St Louis Picketing shut downmore than a score of mines Mon Spokesmen for the Inland Steel Co and the Old Ben Consolidated and Freeman coal companies said pickets turned away men at some or all of their mines today But Peabody Coals No 10 mine at Pawnee Illinois big gest reopened Monday evening after the firm obtained a federal injunction from the U S District Court in Alton A spokesman said the injunction wasnt served because a union official dispersed the pick ets And at Carlinvffle the Mon terey mine was back in opera tion Power line bomber extortionist sentenced Portland Ore AP A federal judgehassentenc ed David Heesch to 20 years in prison in connection with a million extortion plotagainst the Bonneville Power Admin istration His wife Sheila re ceived a 10year sentence Heesch 34 an unemployed truck driver confessed to Area man appeared a mere 8000 years ago blasting 11 power line trans mission towers and threatening other explosions unless the BPA paid million The BPA a federal agency that acts as an energy whole saler for hydroelectric power to public utilities in the North west refused to pay the money Kampsvffle AP Diggings this fall at the Kos ter archeolbgical site found evidence man lived in Southern Illinois more than 8000 years about 1500years earlier than thought Soil samples and artifacts retrieved from the Theodore Koster farm about 60 miles north of St Louis may prove the existence of organized civilization in the area dating to the Glacial Era a Koster scientist says Stuart Struever a professor of anthropology at Northwest The pickets are UMW con struction workers who operate under a contract different from the miners Minersobtaineda threeyear agreement two weeks ago in Washington and ended a 23day walkout but the construction men are still without a contract Federal mediators held separate preliminary meetings in Washington this morning with negotiators for employes and management Meanwhile coal industry of ficials said more than half of the nations 12000 miners were not working today with more mines closed than Monday A federal official said medi ators were trying to define the disputed issues during todays meetings and indicated an agreement wasiiot close Its really toff early to give an evaluation for assessing the prospects of a settlement he commented He said the government has entered the negotiations be cause of its concern about the strikes effects on the vital coal industry ern University and leader of the fall expedition says the discoveries show early man learned to cope with new en vironments created by the re cession of the glacier within a shorter time than previously thought by scientists We have he said to re think our view of the mentality of early man and perhaps we can learn from his ability to cope with environmental chal lenges that are similar in more ways than we recognize to those we face today Fertilizer prices are ex pected to go up another 10 to 15 per cent in the next few months but theAgriculture Department says that would be much less than the doubled costs farmers saw when they took to fields last spring On thepredictionfront Sen Edward M Kennedy said there is a real prospect of a national unemployment rate of 8 or 9 per cent and he called on President Ford to provide mandatory wage and price controls The agreement signed by President Ford and French President Giscard dEstaing calls for both nations to par in an international consumerproducer oil confer ence next year and make ef forts toward preparing a solid consumer position on oil The document outlined a series of steps intended to bring im porting and exporting nations to the international conference table probably next summer The Senate also acted on the energy problem with a 4440 approval of a compromise measure that requires 30 per cent of the imported oil coming into the United States be car ried on U S tankers The bill is aimed at protec ting the U S merchant marine from foreign vessels that are able to operate more cheaply by using inexpensiveijabor Opponentsclaimed it would raise the price ofgasoline and heating oil Consumers in the Northeast received some good news Monday on the spiraling price of sugar it was down The price dropped to for Nader group says roads hazardous Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington A Ralph Nader organization has accused the Federal High way Administration of failing to exert the leadership neces sary to remove known roadside boobytraps from newlyde signed highways The Center for Auto Safety said in a 305page report re leased Monday that the high way administration had made numerous safety recommen dations but never had trans lated its recommendations into enforceable standards The safety center said the present system for devising highway design standards is outmodedand inadequate but said the highway admin istration had taken no action to force state highway depart ments to upgrade the system The center blamed the high way administrations failure to issue enforceable standards largely on pressure from state highway departments worried that strong standards could ultimately be used against them in liability suits by persons injured on unsafe highways The center also said state highway departments avoided research programs on highway safety apparently out of fear that such programs would have the legal effect of putting them on notice that their current de signs are hazardous The centers report was the result of a yearlong study commissioned by the State Farm Companies Foundation The center said it interviewed more than 100 federal and state highway officials and inspected 55 newlycompleted federal aid highway programs in eight states The study was conducted ur Alabama California Colorado Georgia New Mexico Penn sylvania Texas and ia Sen Kennedy sees prospect of 8 to 9 per cent unemployment a bag at many storescompared with S349 a bag charged last Friday Su permarket spokesmen said the decrease was prompted by competition for the holiday food budget and consumer resist ance to prices that reached nearly for a fivepound bag in some stores U S Steels announcement of price hikes most of which go into effect Wednesday will primarily affect the construc tion rail and oil industries Steel used in the auto industry was not affected The new fertilizer increase may signal an end to the vio lent upward price spiral of re cent months the departments Outlook and Situation Board said Monday Also the board said there is some evidence that farmers fertilizer pur chases in the last half of 1974 have slackened noticeably from 1973 But Sen Herman E Tal madge DGa warned that unless the Ford administration gives natural gas a top priority for the manufacture of nitrogen farmers are headed for short ages and much higher prices Talmadge chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee wants nitrogen manufacturers to have priority at least over thenext six months for supplies of natural gas needed as feed used to make the fer tilizer ingredient Sen Kennedy DMass said at a special state legislative commission hearing on em ployment in Boston that there is a real prospect for a national unemployment rate of 8 or 9 per cent perhaps higher in his state The national figure now stands at 65 per cent and 84 in the Bay State Kennedy said wage and price controls will almost certainly be needed early next year ai the recession worsens and called on President Ford to set them in motion Denies excessive profits Food chain chief asks penny for grocer1 New York Times News Service And Associated Press Washington The president of the nations largest supermarket chain to day called for a penny for the grocer and denied that food chain profits are a significant factor in higher grocery prices W S Mitchell president of SafewayStores Inc which has annual sales ofabout billion said major food chains this year are ex pected to average 09 of a cent for every dollar sold Mitchell presented figures that showed net profits of majorfood chains last year amounted to 07 per cent of sales a slight recovery from 1972 but still below a traditional level of about 11 per cent of sales Even with a slight im provement in grocers profit rates this year the 10 year in crease in total dollars of net profits will be about 38 per cent while grocers sales vol umes havedoubled Over the same period theSatibnsgross national product and disposable personal income have more than doubled he told the Joint Economic Committee Sen William Proxmire D Wis vice chairman of the committee said that Safeway responded to its subpoena for the hearing by giving most of the information requested A staff aide said that most of 17 subpoenaed food chains co operated to a certain point but none fully complied The Joint Economic Com mittee concludes its hearings into foodpricing policies with testimony today and Wednes day from topsupermarket of ficers Ann Brown chairman of the Americans for Democratic Ac tion consumer affairs com mittee and Mark Silberfield of Consumers Union said Monday that control of a market by a few food chains means minimal competitionand higher retail prices Mrs Brown cited a memo randum from lawyers of the FTCs Bureau of Competition that she said called for a com plaint against two major chains Safeway and Giant Foods but she noted that the FTC commissioners in a secret vote in 1973 decided to drop the investigation Alter the case was dropped she noted prices in the Wash ington rose from about 1 per cent above the national average to 3 per cent above the national average Tonight partly cloudy and colder low in the lower 20s Wednesday mostly cloudy and warmer high in the upper 30s or lower 40s Thursday through Saturday cloudy with gradual cooling trend INDEX Classified TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family Living Records Sports Weather details map Youth Extension until Feb 5 Conference unit OKs Turk aid compromise 1318 19 4 6 9 1112 9 5 By the Associated Press A compromise worked out by Secretary of Satte Henry A Kissinger and House members to extend U S military aid to Turkey until Feb 5 was ap proved today by HouseSenate conferees A leading House critic of the aid because of Turkeys occu pation of Cyprus said he and other House opponents have agreed to accept the compro mise Weve agreed on this ex tension and we feel optimistic about its prospects1 said the congressman who asked that his name be kept confiden tial The compromise cuts off all U S military aid to Turkey until thereis substantial pro gress on negotiating Turkish troops out of Cyprus But it authorizes President Ford to delay the cutoff until Feb 5 It specifies that Ford can delay the cutoff only if he de termines that such action will further negotiations for a peaceful solution of the Cyprus conflict On Cyprus rioting Turkish Cypriot refugees forced Arch bishop Makarios to retreat hastily today when he at tempted to visit their camps inside this British sovereign base area Makarios heads the Greek Cypriot majority of 500000 on Cyprus There are about 140000 Turkish Cypriots on the island Israel Russia gave Syria weapons By the Associated Press Israel charged today the Kremlin has supplied Syria with more than 300 fighter planes and 1000 tanks and missiles since the October 1973 war and that the number of Soviet advisersin Syria is now greater than prior to the war In Beirut Premier Rashi Solh said Lebanon has asked the Arab countries for speedy supplies of arms to repel Is raeli attacks similar to those on Palestinian camps on the edge of Beirut last Thursday Defense Minister Shimin Peres told the Israeli parlia ment in Jerusalem there are about 3000 Soviet military men in Syria some operating sur face to air missiles and elec tronic systems He said the Soviets had given the Syrians advanced MIG23s Scud surface to air missiles and hundreds of armored troop carriers and antitank guns Peressaid the supply of So viet combat equipment was far above that sufficient to fill the gap that had been created by the 1973 war He also charged both Syria and Egypt with breaking their respective ceasefire agree ments with Israel byincreasing the number of weapons allowed inside the disengagement zones on the Golan Heights front and in the Sinai Desert Did not tell his successors all Mardian concealed Watergate facts Washington AP Robert C Mardian testified today he did not tell Nixon re election committee lawyers who succeeded him all mat he had learned about the Water gate breakin when he stepped down from representing the committee Mardian said at the Water gate coverup trial that G Gordon Liddy gave him the background and circumstances of the breakin a few days after five men were attested in Dmeocratic party national headquarters on June 17 1972 Mardian is one of fivedefend ants in the coverup trial Mardian originally was to prepare toe Nixon committee defense agrainst a civil suit but within a month decided he didnt want the job and the committee hired lawyers Ken neth W Parkinson and Paul OBrien Mardian said that he believed part of what Liddy had told him and disbelieved much of a story given to him by campaign deputy director Jeb Stuart Magruder But he said that he told Ma gruders story to Parkinson and OBrien He was asked by assistant prosecutor Jill Volrier whether that wasnt less than hon V I was not honest in the sense I did not tell them what I Liddy had said Mardian said Mardian denied however trying to mislead Parkinson who also is a defendant but said instead that he was trying to protect an attorneyclient relationship with Liddy U S District Judge John J Sirica had sought to put a quick end to Mardians crossexam ination after bickering between witness and prosecutor jpro duced a sluggish pace The judge warned Mardian today that if you want to make gratuitous remarks to the jury make them through your lawyer today youre going to answer questions Sirica warned assistant pro secutor Volner Monday she would have only an hourtoday to conclude her questioning of Mardian The judge said the last of the defendants Parkinson would begin presenting his case this afternoon The attorney for the former reelection committee lawyer said his defense would take 22 days making a Christmasverdict unlikely Mardian Parkinson John N Mitchell H R Haldeman and John D Ehrlichinan are charged with conspiring to ob structjustice All but Mardian also are accused of obstructing justice and there are perjury charges against Mitchell Ehp lichman and Haldemaa
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