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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 16, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphyiboro Htrrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N Uth Copy 2 Stetlont 20 to Prtui Herrln Journil Murphysboro MONDAY DECEMBER U 1974 niinoisan Court upholds mil reorganization Washington AP The Supreme Court today upheld the constitutionality of the Rail Reorganization Act passed by Congress last year to keep bankrupt railroads in the Northeast and Midwest op erating By a vote of 7 to 2 the Su preme Court overruled a three judge federal court in Phila delphia which had held that the act was unconstitutional be cause it violated property rights of creditors and share holders of the railroads by re quiring the railroads continued operation at a loss In other action today the court Agreed to review a lower court ruling that aviation safe ty records maintained by the government are not shielded from public view by a blanket exemption from the Freedom of Information Act Refused to review the convictions of a Maryland man and an Ohio company on charges of violating the ob scenity laws of those states Agreed to decide whether a restaurant owner must obtain a license to connect a radio to loudspeakers and amplify broadcasts of copyrighted mu sical compositions Declined to decide whether a patented device can be reg istered as a trademark after the patent expires Agreed to decide whether there should be afederalcourt hearing on a disputed election for director of Pittsburgh Pa district of the United Steel workers of America The court ruled that the rail act gives the creditors and shareholders the right to sue in the U S Court of Claims if their compensation is not ade quate The government had argued that the act gave creditors recourse throughthe Court of Claims and the share holders argued that it did not The court rejected the argu ment of the shareholders that the reorganization was in ef fect a condemnation of their property under eminent domain procedures and that they were threfore entitled to be com pensated in cash The act calls for creation of a Consolidated Rail Corp on Conrail a private corporation backed by billion in federal obligations Creditors and stockholders of the bankrupt lines receive stock on Conrail which would take over the railroads Justice Walter J Brennan Jr speaking for the court said the act was ambiguous as to whether suits in the Court of Claims would be permitted Under these circumstances he said the court should assume that such suits would be per missible Justice William 0 Douglas dissenting said the common stock of Conrail was plainly only token payment and the transfer of the railroads to the new corporation was plainly a taking as that termis used in connection with condemna tion proceedings Congress has lowered all the procedural barriers and foisted on these rail carriers a conveyance of their assets which if done by private parties in control of a bankrupt estate would be a fraudulent conveyance Douglas said Justice Potter Stewart also dissented Oil conference proposed Fort de France Martinique AP The presidents of the United States and France called jointly today for a conference of oil consuming and oil pro ducing nations at the earliest possible time The call was a compromise to break a FrenchAmerican deadlock on how best to cope with increased oil prices Presidents Ford and Valery Giscard dEstaing agreed in summit talks on a series of interrelated steps leading to the proposed conference A communique issued as they ended two days of talks on this lush Caribbean island said these steps should be taken in sequence Consuming nations work Ing within the framework of existing institutions should develop programs for energy conservation for developing existing and alternative sources of energy and for fi nancial solidarity Says civil service Study Washington AP Political favoritism played a major role in hiring practices of the Department of Housing and Urban Development during former President Richard M Nixons administration a gov ernment study charged to day A Civil Service Commission study said HUD officials vio lated civil service regulations by keeping extensive political files on employes and job seekers The study also said a pa US French presidents wont oil producing and consuming nations to meet Consumer nations should hold a meeing next March to develop an agenda and pro cedures for a consumerpro ducer conference The preparatory discus sions among consumer coun tries will be followed by in tensive consultations to prepare a unified position for the meeting with the exporting countries The communique did not set a date for a conference be tween the oil exporters mostly in the Middle East and their customers the United States Japan and France and other countries of Western Europe But it appeared there would be a push to hold the meeting late next spring or early sum mer a timetable suggested by qualified sources as presidents negotiated a resolu tion of their differences on en ergy policy After outlining the sequence of preliminary steps Ford and Giscard dEstaing declared in their communique the actions will be carried out in the most expeditious manner possible and in full awareness of the common interest in meeting this critical situation Before the Martinique sum mit France had been pressing for an immediate consumer producer conference The United States contended such a meeting should not be held un til the importers agreed on a joint negotiating position To reach the compromise both presidents yielded ground Ford agreed that a consumer producer conference should be held as soon as possible and Giscard dEstaing approved the preparatory steps The communique covered these major areas in addition to energy Economy The presidents agreed that the United States and Common Market nations must adopt consistent eco nomic policies in order to be effective in avoiding unem ployment while fighting infla tion They declared that measures of a protectionist nature should be avoided Gold They agreed It would be appropriate for any government which wished to do so to adopt current market rates as the basis for valuation for its gold holdings This would strengthen the worlds existing framework they said Detente two reviewed EastWest relations spe cifically involving the Soviet Union and China They ex pressed the conviction that progress in easing tensions was being also noted with satisfaction that the new U SSoviet arms agreement has reduced the threat of a nuclear arms race Giscard dEstaing indicated that his government was prepared to reach a finan cial settlement1 with the United 1 States for the forced relocation of USNATO bases in 1977 He offered million and Ford formally accepted The communique said the talks also ranged over such trouble spots as the Middle East and Indochina but dis closed no major policy shifts rules violated under Nixon tronage unit was set up in the agency for the sole apparent purpose of making sure persons with the right political connec tions got HUD posts The report is based on a Civil Service Commission inves tigation madein late 1973 and early 1974 As a result of the probe the commission ini tiated removal proceedings against three top HUD officials and suspension actions against six others The report was released by the House subcommittee on onagem manpower and civil service Subcommittee Chairman David N Henderson DN C said the report contains serious charges and allegations It is the second report Hen derson has released to docu ment what he claims was widespread political influence in federal hiring during Nixons administration On Oct 10 he released a Civil Service Com mission report accusing the Genera services Admin istration of exercising1 political job favoritism Firstborn seems strongest Fourth sextuple dies today one boy one girl survive San Jose Calif AP Another of the Lange sex tuplets born nine days ago died early this morning leav ing only two of the premature infants left jn their battle for life Dr James Harrod said a boy Jason died at Valley Medical Center after several days of respiratory failure He was the youngest of the six infants and weighed the most at birth 2 pounds 4 ounces A normal baby usually weighs between seven and nine pounds Like the other five infants Harrod said Jason struggled against hyaline membrane disease a disorder that starves the lungs of oxygen Another boy Brian has shown some improvement over the past two days but remains in critical condition and on a respirator to help him breathe said Harrod The first born Jolene Rene who had sipped donated moth ers milk through a tube over the weekend appeared to be the strongest Harrod said she is in stable condition and making progress although requiring intermittent respira tory assistance Charlotte Lange 26 gave birth to sextuplets three months premature on Dec 8 One died four hours after birth President rejects democracy in Korea Seoul AP President Chung Hee Park today rejected any compromise with political opponents seeking a democratic constitution for Korea Park said the nation cannot afford to give up its right ior survival just to satisfy the po litical ambition of a handful of politicians He made the remarks in a message to a meeting of the National Conference for Uni fication the electoral college which named him president for anothersix years in 1972 after he promulgated his martial law constitution insuring his con tinuance in office Meanwhile the National As sembly failed to convene for the second day Mowing a fight between government and op position members Saturday oh the assembly floor The scuffle broke out after senior opposition assemblyman Chung Yilhyung asked the as sembly if Park was ready to accept responsibility for the nations domestic political and economic difficulties and re aign and two more died last Tues day Mrs Lange bore quadruplets in November 1973 but they all died shortly after birth The San Jose housewife said she took a fertility drug before each of the pregnancies be cause doctors told her it was the only way she could con ceive Patients death probed An investigation is being con ducted into the death of a 33 yearold woman found near deathSaturday morning at the Anna State Hospital Norma Diane Story 33 for merly of Thebes died shortly after being found about am on the main corridor floor of her living area Hospital authorities said they suspect the womans death oc curred when she lost her bal ance felHhto the floor striking her head The woman has a clinical record which shows several head injuries when she lost her balance and fell Dr Wayne Isaacs hospital super intendent said today A coroners report attributed the death to a cerebral he morrhage and acute respira tory failureaccording to Dr Isaacs Civil Service regulations do not prohibit political but do ban preferential treat ment to persons receiving them They also prohibit a fedetaragency from asking the political affiliation of an em jjloye or job applicant The report on HUD hiring practices cited numerous in stances of alleged violationsof these regulations Officials said the special unit has since been disbanded and other steps taken to eliminate political pa tronage from hiring Boston school plan due today Boston AP The Boston School committee voted today to let a noon dead line go by without submitting a courtordered plan for further school desegregation next fall However John Miriek the school committees lawyer said he would submit the plan to the court anyway I think I have an obligation as an attor ney when my client takes an action with which I disagree to do what should be done he said The new plan prepared by school officials would have meant the busing of 35000 school children next Septem ber About 18000 of the citys 87000 pupils are now being bused VWidles 30000 workers Wolfsburg Germany AP Volkswagen today announced a one week layoff of 30000 workers the 10th major cut back this year by West Ger manys largest automotive company A company spokesman said the layoff affected plants in Hannover Brunswick Kassel and Salzgitter The largest of the six domestic Volkswagen plants in Wolfsburg and one in Emden were not affected Volkswagenwerk AG employs 110000 workers in West Ger many and is the thirdlargest auto maker in the world It has scheduled an eightday layoff early next month that company officials say will affect 86000 workers in all six plants CLOUDY Tonight partly cloudy low in the upper 20s or lower 30s Tuesday mostly cloudy with highs in the mid or upper 30s Wednesday through Friday gradual warming trend INDEX Classified 13H Comics TV Bridge Crossword 1 Editorials 4 Family Living Farm 5 Records U17 Sports 1M2 Weather details map Puzzling feet Trying to at 4 Albtrt Mil tors ren TJw lhahv vw encouraged to seen through eyes of the London is 9year old ioocb efchibits and aiv seuptor Nigel Gainsborough of Dolwieh display through parteipa AP Wirepnoro London The display is part Humorist Hershfield dies in New York c New York Times New York Harry Hershfield the hu morist and raconteur died Sunday night at St Clares Hospital He was 89 years old Hershfield who had been ill for many months was admit ted to the hospital a week ago In his many careers as a cartoonist toastmaster arid columnist Harry Hershfield summarized his viewpoint in the title of one his books Laugh Louder Live Long er Hershfield slapped sharply at a host of targets laughing all the while Speaking of a certain kind of politician who brags of being a selfmade man he said That certainly relieves God of a ter xible responsibility In the 1340s Hershfield told his stories weekly on the popu lar radio show Can You Top This Listeners sent in jokes which were read on the air Hershfield and his fellow resi dent joke tellers Joe Laurie Jr and Senator Ed Ford would in turn tell anecdotes in the same general category Audience response was gauged on a laughmeter SimonOshel contest generated most votes The US congressional con test in Southern Illinois 24th district generated more votes than any other House race in Illinois Official returns from around the state show a total of 182051 votes were cast for congress manelect Paul Simon DCar bondale and his opponent Val Oshel RHarrisburg according to Simons office Simon received more votes than any other House candidate in Illinois with a total of 108 421 The second highest congres sional vote total in the state was in the suburban Chicago 10th district where congress manelect Aimer Mikva defeat ed incumbent Sam Young Votes totaled 164054 Rangoon roundup continues Rangoon Burma AP Army trucks filled with ci vilians guarded by armed troops rumbled through the streets of Rangoon today as a roundup of dissidents continued in the Burmese capital Soldiers administered more streetcorner haircuts to long haired youths Otherwise life in the Burmese capital city appeared to have returned to normal following the third major flareup of vio lent opposition to President Ne Wins rule in 12 years Burmese sources said at least 4000 to 5000 persons have been arrested since govern ment forces took the body of U Thant from the Rangoon Uni versity campus early Wednes day setting off two days of street violence Special military tribunals were reported preparing to try more prisoners Rangoon Radio reported Friday that 26 persons were sentenced to five years in jail and aine to three years Today official sources said 28 more people were sentenced to three years during the week end The government said nine persons were killed and more than 70 wounded in the riots Mardian testifies in Coverup trial Mitchell OKd Watergate payment Washington AP Former Asst Atty Gen Robert C Mardian told the Watergate coverup trial today that John N Mitchell once ac knowledged to him that he had approved a payment that testimony has indicated was designed to finance plans for Watergate Testifying in his own defense Mardian never said whether Mitchell indicated what the money was for The trial already has heard testimony that the budget was for the political in telligence plan that led to the Watergate breakin Mardian said the budget was mentioned during a meeting on June 24 1972 one week after the breakin during which he said he was interrogating Jeb Stuart Magruder as to the story he had been telling me about Watergate and how it had occurred Mardian said he asked Ma gruder how muchmoney he had authorized to be given to G Gordon Liddy who later was one of seven men con victed on burglary wiretapping and conspiracy charges Mardian said Magruder told him he had authorized It sounded like an awful lot of money said Mardian who added that Mitchell the former attorney general who then was head of Richard M Nixons re election committee also ex pressed amazement But you approved a budget of Mardian quoted Magruder as saying to Mitch ell Yes but the campaign hasnt even started yet1 Mar dian said Mitchell replied Mitchell has denied he ever approved any such budget Mardian is the fourth coverup defendant to testify in his own defense at the trial Only one more defendant Kenneth W Parkinson former lawyer for the Nixon reelection commit tee is still waiting to present case Mardian testified Friday that his impression was that Richard M Nixon not Mitchell made many major campaign committee decisions He said he based that on his knowledge that Mitchell occasionally was overruled and hat Nixon was the only person he knew who had that authority Parkinson is expected to start presenting his case Tuei day 1
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