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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 13, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbendala 710 N Illlnalt Murphytboro 1113 Walnut Herrin 212 N iMi MNt 301lSe a Copy Twe to frta Wily JourMl I FRIDAY DECEMBER U 1974 ByBobMathes LindsaySchaub Newsservice If you woke Up today with an unexplained allergy it could be that triskaidekaphobia has claimed another victim Triskaidekaphobia says Ray mond Lamont Brown in his A Book of Superstitions is an allergy to the numeral 13 because it is regarded us un lucky Today is the I3th day of De cember Friday also is considered to be an unlucky day Today also is Friday Put the two bad luck omens together and you get Friday the 13th regarded by many as the unluckiest of all the unlucky days The origins of the numeral 13 superstitions are many One is that when man first began to count he used his 10 fingers and his feet as two more units to reach 12 Beyondthat lay unknown and hence po tentially dangerous The early Romans used the numeral 13 as a vague number for anything over a dozen and regarded it as a death sign The number also presaged dis aster for the Christians because 13 persons were present at the Last Supper for Christ In Norse mythology curious ly 13 persons were present when Loski a Norse villian slew Baldur a favorite of the gods with 13 developing as an unlucky number in that my thology In later centuries the num ber sometimes has been omit ted in numbering floors of buildings There also are many origins of superstitions about Friday The best known are that Eve tempted Adam with the fatal apple on a Friday and that the death of Christ occurred on Friday Long before the Bible how ever Friday was considered an important day Primitive man designated itas a special time to worship and ask his deities for good crops health and happiness Those who worked on the day were told not to expect good luck from the gods Even today many people will not start a trip move to another house or begin any 010175 IM LIBRARY LS BOX 789 DECATUH ILL 62525 thing important on a Friday say Julie Forsyth Batchelor and Claudia de Lys in their book Superstitious Here s Why written after years of research on superstitions throughout the world Later Friday was known as Hangmans Day because cri minals were executedon Fri days One of the bestknown super stitions that makes Friday the 13th doubly ominous comes from Norse mythology The legend has a goddess Freya associated with Friday ban ished to the mountains as a witch Friday came to be known as Witches Sabbath It was believed that on that day each week 12 witches met with the evil spirits up to evil every Friday There are however a few instances of superstition that has 13 as lucky instead of un lucky If you are a I3thofthe month baby Friday the 13th is supposed to be your very best day Ignoring possible bad luck the designer of the seal of the President of the United States incorporated eight groups of 13 stars to represent the orig inal 13 states a lucky number for the country Some commu nities look upon the number 13 as lucky if the name of the community contain 13 let ters There seems to be no formula for determining how often Fri day the 13th comes like there is for determining that leap year comes in years divisible by four Buta check of past and fu ture calendars shows that per sons who survive today without misfortune do not have to wor ry about it again until June of next year The previous Friday the 13 occurred last September mak ing two Friday the 13ths this year Most years have either one or two with no discernible pattern as to whether the two are most likely to occur in an even or odd number year But if you remember you were unusually unlucky in 1970 and able to deter mine exactly why it could be because there were three Fri day the 13ths that year One was in November and the other two came backtoback in Feb ruary and March Sky show over Bosfon s Time factor remains unresolved in trial at right AP W irephoto c Washington StarNews Washington The timing of thenWhite House aide G Gordon Liddys visit to Burning Tree Country Club the day of the Watergate arrests an important point to Watergate coverup defendant Robert C Mardian was placed at prior to 1 pm today by the wife of former Arty Gen Richard G Kleindienst However like her husband Thursday Margaret Klein dienst conceded that she had not looked at a watch or clock at the time and therefore was only estimating The time factor is important to Mardian a former assistant attorney general because the prosecutors have charged that Mardian sent Liddy to meet with Kleindienst that day June to try to get the Watergate burglars out of jail before it was discovered that one of them was an employe of the Committee to ReElect the President Mardian was in California that day however and ac cording to government tes timony he could not have even learned of the breakin until sometime around 1 pm Washington time Therefore Mardians lawyers reason if Liddy left for Burn ing Tree prior to 1 pm it could not have been on Mardi ans orders Mrs Kleindienst said Liddy called her that day asking for her husband and she put the time at between noon and pm She said Liddy said some thing to the effectthat he was calling on behalf of the com mittee on behalf of Mr Mitchell former Atty Gen John N Mitchell and he said it was sensitive and ur gent or something like that Under crossexamination by assistant special prosecutor Gerald Goldman she acknowl edged that she had not looked at a clock or watch But she said she was aware of the time because Im very aware of the time it takes to play a round of golf at the nearby Burning Tree course Mardian 51 is accused only of conspiring to obstruct jus tice while the others on trial here are charged also with carrying out the obstruction Tonight mostly cloudy and colder low 28 to 35 Saturday mostly cloudy high in the low er 40s Sunday through Tues day considerable cloudiness with a chance of snow or rain Tuesday and with temperatures averaging near normal Index Classified Religion Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records Sports Weather details map 1523 5 11 4 8 1314 8 AFLCIO may sever formal Demo ties New York Times News Service And Associated Press Washington i The nations largest alliance of organized workers is on the verge of formal disengagement from the Democratic Party union officials said Thursday George Meany president of the AFLCIO has called a meeting next Tuesday with top political lieutenants Several aides and allies predicted that the meeting would mark a final break with Robert S Strauss the Democratic Party chair man and would signal the withdrawal of 10 AFLCIO of ficers from the Democratic National Committee Strauss who rose to power Jn the party with Meanys sup port was threatened at the Democratic charter con ference in Kansas City last weekend with and ruin if he did hot stand with labor on internal party dlS pUteS Afterward Strauss indicated he would seek a peacemaking summit meeting with Meany But a labor official who has long reflected Meanys views said Thursday that con ference will never occur Meany wouldnt sit down with Strauss he said The official asked that henot be named He added that Alexander D Barksn the AFLCIOs political director wouldnt even re turn Strausss phone calls Al Zack an AFLCIO spokesman said in a telephone interview that some labor lead ers were thinking of pulling out of the committee in pro test against the shabby treat ment of labor at the Kansas City meeting Zack said The Democratic Party structure is now catering exclusively to blacks browns youth and women and exclud ed by that definition are most workers senior citizens Jews Catholics and other segments of what was once a united co alition of forces called Democratic As in the Kansas City battles over proportional represen tation and affirmative action to involve blacks women and young voters in Democratic politics the labor movement is again openly divided Leaders of two of the AFLCIOs largest member unions Glenn Watts of the communications workers and Floyd Red Smith of the machinists were reportedly eager to keep their seats on the Democratic National Commit ipp Red Smith has no reason to be upset said William Holayter the machinists po litical director In fact hes rather happy with the outcome of the Kansas City conven tion But AFLCIO headquarters here and a number of its union presidents are apparently pre pared to abandon a twoyear effort dating from the defeat of Sen George McGoverns 1972 presidential campaign to exert their the par ty William MarshaE of Mich igan one of several state AFL CIO presidents appointed to me Democratic committee after Strauss took office said today that leaving the committee wont diminish our role in se lecting delegates to the 1976 convention It might even strengthen it because we wont have to spend a lot of time sit ting around listening to Strausss speeches I know theyre considering their position Strauss said in a telephone interview from Dallas If it happens it hap pens Well make the best of it and go ahead I dont think it will lessen the activities of in dividual union leaders of tfieir rank and file We need George Meany and Al Barkan very badly he continued and anything I can do to keep them involved Ill do But he added the AFL CIO isnt a political operation its a trade union movement We the same goals bnt not always the same techni ques State farm Oil nations boost price bureau backs Butz By Mike Cart LindsaySchaub News Service Chicago Delegates to the Illinois Farm Bureau annual meeting wasted no time ttiis morning in passing a pledged of support for US Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz The delegates began voting on their policy resolutions at the 60th annual meeting in the Palmer House The Butz resolution drew no discussion and was passed unanimously After passing of the resolution delegates and Farm Bureau observers joined in a sustainedround of ap plause for the beleageured Butz The resolution calls Butz A tireless worker in behalf of American farmers Vienna AP Major oil producers agreed today to hike their revenues by 38 cents a barrel Asked whether it will mean price increases for consumers Irans chief delegate said This all depends on how much of this the companies can ab sorb Theoil producers retroac tively approved unilateral Persian Gulf oil price hikes as the twoday conference of the Organization of Petroleum Ex porting Countries drew to a close Irans chief delegate shid Amouzegar told newsmen We had two choices either to force Hie Persian Gulf pro ducers to go back to tie Sep tember price level or to accept the present price level We had no alternative but to accept US may set price minimum Brussels AP The United States is consid ering a plan to keep the price of oil from falling to a point where it endangers the devel opment of alternate sources of energy Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger said to day He also said Mine progress has been made in promoting GreekTurkish agreement on beginning Cyprus peace nego tiations but that it was limited to procedures and not sub stance Nevertheless he said I am more hopeful than I was before I arrived Kissinger told a 45minute news conference after the NATO ministerial conference that U S policy is to reduce oil prices but in me absence of a price reduction our policy is to develop alternative sources If the price of oil should drop so low as to threaten eco nomic dislocation by undercut ting the value of whatever al ternatives are found the United States may favor in centives to keep up the of the alternative supplies he said However Kissinger empha sized that this is under study only and is not a government decision OSGCUIUf There was no evide By Tony Stevens Of The Southern Illinoisan Jackson County States Atty Howard Hood said today that no further action is planned at this time in t h e matter of liquor purchase schemes at SouthernIllinois University at Oarbondale Hood declined detailed com ment on any future action iiis office might consider Thursday afternoon Danilo Orescanin former SIUC ex ecutive vice president was found innocent of a charge of tampering with public records Hood was asked whether he investigate possible per jury charges against David R Derge former SIUC president who testified Thursday Hood indicated at the trial that Derge may have given testi mony at the trial that differed from testimony at the grand jury hearings Hood replied No further ac tion is planned at this time The question of altered testi mony by Dergc arose as Hood questioned Derge on the wit ness stud After receiving several an swers of I dont recall and a statement by Derge that he doesnt know who signed some invoice vouchers identi fied as being for liquor pur chases Hood stopped question Derge and rested the states case Hood said today the state took information to a special grand jury in July based on an official release from the universitys board of trustees The information in the board report was the primary basis for the charges against Ores canin and Thomas Leffler a former security police official Hood said The boards report lists 18 university vouchers processed for payment to the Carbondale Holiday Inn for catering ser vices none of which were per formed The report states the invoices were for liquor pur chases with the liquor being used for entertainment at Uni versity House The report indicates the pur chases followed a longstand ing practice dating back as much u 10 and also shows the university received all the materials outlined in the invoices The boards report outlined the procedure in whihc an in voice was issued on Holiday Inn stationery or restaurant checks for other services total ing the same amount as the liquor purchasea Vouchers were drawn to pay for the restaurant ser vices signed by Dr Danilo Orescanin who was SIU Exe cutive VicePresident and Cam pus Treasurer using President David R Derges name and the vouchers were processed in the regular manner the report states When Hood was asked who he thought actually signed the nameof David R Derge to the five invoice vouchers pre sented as evidence in the states case he woud say only Check the report of the board The five invoices presented at the trial listing payments to the Holiday Imvfor ser vices from December 1972 through September 1978 were all signed with the name of David R Derge In testimony Thursday Derge said the sig nature was not his and said he did not know who sign ed his name Derge previously had testi fied that several other univer sity officials had the authority to sign the presidents name as a fiscal officer for various types of invoice vouchers He specifically identified Ore scanin as having authority to sign invoice vouchers includ ing vouchers on the presidents official functions account The official functions account pre viously had been identified as the account through which the liquor purchases had been paid A similar statement was made Wednesday by Hollis Merritt who served as an as sistant to Derge during Derges presidency Merrit said as an assistant to Derge he often signed Derges name to in voice vouchers including vou chers to the account to which the alleged liquor purchases were charged Oreacanln did not testify at any time during the twoday trial Under rules of law the state cannot question the de fendant unless the defense chooses to place the defendant on the stand Thomas L Leffler former SIUC chief security officer who was originally indicted with Orescanin testified Wed nesday as a witness Jor the state Hood said charges against Leffler were dropped on Nov 25 as part of a bargain for his testimony as a state wit ness In final arguments Thursday Hood argued the states case involved a crime ofbureau cracy and multiplicity of docu ments and proceduresdiffi cult to He said the case was not a street crime and without a human victim to testify Hood said much of the states case involved an inference of how the invoice vouchers were processed after the liquor pur chases were completed accord ing to testimony of witnesses Defense atotrney David Watt Jr of Murphysboro argued the lack of evidence of payments to the Holiday Inn and a lack of any connection to the defendant of allegations by me state There was no evidence of alteration or concealment since copies of the records were found all over the place Watt said Judge Kunce said the trial included a lot of selfserving testimony by people who had reason to gain The judge said the evidence failed to show any alteration or concealment of public records by he defen dant Foundation funds now buy liquor Liquor purchased for offici al entertaining at Southern Il linois University at Carbondale is now paid for from a special SIU Foundation fund accord ing to T Richard Mager vice president for development and services The universitys policy does provide for thesupport of of ficial functions in support of university activities he said Some such activities are held at University House the resii dence of the SIUC president Thi hmmtatfr Wve SIUC Jhe last year for the pur pose The liquor fund is separate from a restricted foundation fund which is used for such activities as purchasing food and for paying the cost of inter viewing job candidates Mager said Mager declined comment to day on the acquittal Thursday of former SIUC executive vice president and campus treasur erDanilo Orescanin Orescanr in btf bm charged with tam pering with public records In the purchase of liquor for of ficial entertaining by former SIUC President David R Derge Mager was a prosecu tion witness at the trial Thomas L Leffler who was indicted along with Orescanin on the charge but against whom charges were later drop ped said today of Orescanins acquittal I feel elated about it Hes a dear friend of mine he taid I can hardly wait to get back and shake his hand Leffler formerly security of ficer at SIUC beganhis new job today as special assistant to SIUEdwardsville President John S Rendleman Orescanin Derge and new SIUC President Warren W Brandt could not be reached for comment E Hollis Merritt who was an assistant to Derge and who is now an assistant to Brandt declined comment Merritt testified asa prosecu tion witness at the trial I
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