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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 10, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Cirbomlilt 710 N Illinois Murphytboro Htrrln 1113 Walnut 212 N Uth Volum 12Ne 298lSe a Copy Pour Stetiont Tahloiif 40 Pages Successor to drbendilt Free Prew Htrrln Dally Journal Murpfcysbero Indtptndtnt TUESDAY DEC 10 1974 niinoisan US military aid to Turkey ends c Washington StarNews Washington All U S military assistance to Turkey will be halted at midnight it was disclosed to day The cutoff required by Con gress unless Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger could report progress on Cyprus by today came as Kissinger was en route to Brussels to confer with the Turkish and Greek foreign ministers on the Cyprus issue Sources said that military equipment on docks for de livery to Turkey will not move and that military items already on the way to Turkey will not be delivered The Senate last week passed an aid bill extending todays cutoff deadline approved by Congress in October until midFebruary but the House where the extension faces pro blems is not expected to vote on it until Wednesday or Thursday Meanwhile officials said the actions by Congress in October which overrode President Fords veto required the ad ministration to implement the cutoff today Kissinger contended at a Assistance to be halted at midnight news conference Saturday that the cutoff undermines U S diplomacy aimed at settling the Cyprus crisis In general terms officials said this meant Kissinger wanted time to persuade the Turks to withdraw some of the 40000 troops that invaded Cyprus earlier this year and now hold 40 per cent of the is land Officials said it would be dif ficult to assess the impact of todays military aid cutoff on Kissingers meeting Wednesday with Turkish foreign minister Melih Esenbel in Brussels But the implication of Kis singers earlier news con ference was that cutting off American aid likely would re bound against U S efforts to use diplomacy to bring about a Turkish pullback on Cyprus Kissinger went out of his way to emphasize the very con structive and positive talks he held Monday with Israeli For eign Minister Yigal Allon along with President Ford on the whole spectrum of Middle East problems Kissingers meetings witii Allon lasted longer than ex pected forcing him to postpone until Dec 18 a longscheduled appearance before the House Foreign Affairs Committee to report on his Far East trip The length of the Allon discussions with U S leaders led to speculation that progress was made and that Israel is more than casually interested in en ding the status quo However Israeli sources said that Allon brought no plan and no map for troop withdrawals with him Sources in both gov ernments concluded that the Middle East situation will re main relatively dormant at least until after the Jan 15 visit by Soviet party leader Leonid I Brezhnev to President Anwar elSadat of Egypt in Cairo While Kissinger is in Europe Allon will remain in Washing ton through Wednesday Today the Israeli leader was to meet with the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee and later with Treasury Secretary WiUiam E Simon Frankforts snorkel truck was among equipment fighting Harrisburg fire early today PhotobyEdGreer Fire destroys stores on Harrisburg square Consfrucfion strike settled Area miners begin returning to jobs By Wanda Banas Of The Southern Illinoisan Two businesses were destroy ed and one heavily damaged in an early morning fire on the public square in Harris burg today Firemen from eight towns fought the blaze The fire which started about am in The Closet a wo mens dress shop on the south side of the square destroyed that shop and the office of Dr Roger D Herrin 11 E Poplar St The fire heavily damaged Skaggs Pharmacy 9 E Poplar Stfiremen said Firemen from West Frank fort Carbondale Carrier Mills Marion Eldorado Galatia Ridgeway and Harrisburg fought the blaze until about 7 am when it was bebeved contained One fire department had started home and others were preparing to leave when the fire erupted a second time The fire was controlled again about 9 am but firemen con firmed to stand by at midmorn ing The fire spread west from the Closet to Dr Herrins of fice and then to Skaggs My rons Exclusive Feminine Ap parel at 7 E Poplar St prob ably sustained smoke but no fire damage firemen said Buildings to the east did not catch fire because of a sixfoot open area between The Closet and the building occupied by a savings and loan abstrac tors office and attorneys of fice Firemen had not determined by this morning the cause of the fire which was discovered by a Harrisburg policeman Ehrlichman says Nixon changed clemency stand Index Washington AP Former White House aid John D Ehrlichman testified today that on a walk on a Cali fornia beach not long after the Watergate breakin then President Richard M Nixon said he would never entertain the subject of clemency for the burglars But Ehrlichman said in March or April 1973 the president indicated that at the end of his second term he would propose pardons for everybody involved in Water gate I said Amen Ehrlichman added Ehrlichman was asked about a conversation in the spring 1973 when Nixon told Ehrlich man that he had been ap proached on the subject of clemency for Watergate con spirator E Howard Hunt The subject was brought up in January 1973 by Charles W Colson a former White House special counsel whowas in strumental in getting a con sultants job for Hunt Did you get the impression the Presidentwas telling you one thing and Colson something else Ehrlichman was ask ed If you compare what he told me in July and whats on the tapes of that January Nixon Colson conversation its very different yes Ehrlichman replied Ehrlichmans defense is based on the premise that Nix on kept him in the dark about Watergate until the scandal began to unravel in March and April 1973 Ehrlichmans lawyer has said his client was misled used and lied to by Nixon Earlier today a 1973 report in which Ehrlichman made accusations against three of the men who now are his co defendants in the trial was allowed into evidence over the objections of the codefendants attorneys But U S District Judge John J Sirica excised some para graphs including one in which Ehrlichman told former Presi dent Richard M Nixon that the names of former Atty Gen John N Mitchell former Asst Atty Gen Robert C Mardian US sues TV networks Washington AP The Justice Department filed suit Tuesday accusing the three major television networks of actions resulting in a monopoly over prime time TV enter tainment programming The three suits filed in U S District Court in Los Angeles revives allegations brought by the department in similar suits two years ago and dismissed on technicalities in federal court last month in the same city The lawsuits accuse CBS Inc American Broadcasting Companies Inc and the Nati onal Broadcasting Company and Kenneth W Parkinson a lawyer for the 1972 Nixon campaign committee had been given to him among names of participants in the coverup effort The three along with former White House chief of staff H R Haldeman are on trial with Ehrlichman Ehrlichmans lawyer Wil liam S Frates tried Monday to let the jury see the report hand written by Ehrlichman on April 13 1973 two weeks before he left the White House When other attorneys ob jected on grounds the report was damaging to their clients Frates said I assure your honor Mr Ehrlichman and I are not trying to damage or hurt any other defendants The jury heard none of the arguments Monday and today nor the judges ruling that he would eliminate references to the guilt or innocence of any one pure speculation and in formation unrelated to the case Chief prosecutor James F Neai called the report phony and a charade Inc of controlling access to prime time broadcast hours to the point that independent pro ducers cannot get their por grams shown on the net works Asst Atty Gen Thomas E Kauper noted that the suits do not affect news public affairs documentary and sports pro graming The original suits were filed in April 1972 and quickly be came embroiled in allegations that they were motivated by Nixon administration attempts to harrass the news media Tonight increasing cloudi ness and warmer Chance of rain late Low in the mid 30s Wednesday cloudy with rain likely High in the upper 40s or lower 50s Temperatures in the 20s Thursday and Friday Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family Living Records Sports Weather details map Youth 2731 8 910 8 By Don Frost Of The Southern Illinoisan Southern Illinois coal miners are expected to return to work by the 4 pm or midnight shift today according to Thomas Shoemake United Mine Work ers of America Subdistrict 8 board member Striking coal mine construc tion workers have stalled the miners return to work despite a new contract signed Thurs day between the UMW and the coal operators The construction workers are not covered by the miners con tract However a tentative agree ment for a new contract for the construction workers has been reached in Washington Shoemake said Shoemake met with Southern Illinois UMW construction workers at 11 am today in De Soto to inform them of the tentative agreement He said the agreement will require rankandfile ratifica tion as was the case with the miners He said that should be com pleted by the weekend Since Friday the construc tion workers have picketed Southern Illinois coal mines tion Coal Cos Burning Star No 4 mine near Jamestown said no pickets were there ear ly today Im sure there will be no and the miners have not crosspickets out t h i s afternoon ed the picket lines Judge James L Foreman is sued a temporary restraining order against the picketers Monday night in US District Court in East St Louis The Peabody Coal Co and the Consolidation Coal Co filed for an injunction against the construction workers S h o e make said with a hearing sche duled for Friday in East St Louis But Shoemake said he does not think the hearing will be necessary Spokesmen at Old Ben Coal Corp Freeman Coal Corp and Inland Steel Co mines said some picketers were still at the mines early today Shoemake said there still is sporadic picketing but it has dropped off as word of the tentative agreement has reach ed construction workers A Spokesman at Consolida Shoemake said A UMW spokesman in Wash ington said all mines should be working by Monday After announcing the tenta tive construction pact this morning in Washington UMW leaders urged the end of the picketing A UMW spokesman in Washington said the unions bargaining council a panel of district presidents and other UMW officials will meet Wednesday in Washington to consider the construction pact Should they approve he said it will be submitted to rank and file voting on Friday and Sunday of this week which means I think they could be back to work by Monday at the earliest He said he expected the picketing to end as word of the tentative agreement spreads Urges congressional approval Ford asks extension of benefits for jobless Washington AP President Ford has urged congressional approval of an emergency measure to extend jobless benefits an additional 13 weeks and provide up to 26 weeks of payments for workers not now eligible for coverage Fords action Monday follows the government report last week that the unemployment rate had jumped to 65 per cent of the work force in November when nearly six million persons were out of work The same economic malaise led Henry Ford II chairman of Ford Motor Co to declare Monday that the government should worry more about re cession than inflation The industrialist also said there is no reason to believe that we will have an economic upturn in 1975 Most states now pay up to a maximum of 26 weeks of un employment benefits The pro posal now pending in Congress would increase the benefit period to 39 weeks with the federal government paying half the cost In a related development the Labor Department said it is studying a proposal to bring nearly seven million more workers under the unem ployment insurance system Department officials said Monday that they had been preparing the proposal for several months but said the recent sharp rise in unemstill under study and have not ployment made the need for yet been forwarded to the y y White House Meanwhile change more urgent An estimated 12 million em ployed workers are not covered by the system Among those who would be brought under coverage are some 53 million state and mu nicipal government employes 600000 farm workers and 340000 of the 13 million do mestic workers Labor Department officials said the proposed changes are President Ford scheduled a fullscale address on the economy for Wednesday night Press Secretary Ron Isessen said Ford will speak to the prestigious Business Council meeting in Washington Television and radio net works have not announced whether they will provide live coverage of the address Gasoline tax Morton says Ford may go along as part of package i tt S Washington AP Interior Secretary Rogers C B Morton said today that the Ford administration may go along with an increase in the gasoline tax in an effort to re duce fuel consumption Itcould be part of a pack age of energy legislation being consideredby the White House Morton said Interviewed on NBCs To day show Morton said the tax increase could be used to pump money back into the sagging economy But one of the problems to be considered he said is How do you get the tax money back into the economy in an equitable fashion I think we have to look at the other alternatives first he added Although President Ford has condemned it to death the a fuelsaving gasoline tax refuses to die With many of the Presidents top energy officials still talking up the gasoline tax Ford may yet find the proposal among Yule lighting picture brighter PACE U their forthcoming recommen dations The officials suggest that when he sees their other proposals Ford may decide the gasoline tax isnt so bad after aU J Ford has ordered his admin istration to bring about a re duction of one million barrels a day in the nations oil con sumption by the end of 1975 preferably by voluntary coop eration But the White House ac knowledged a few days ago that voluntary efforts were proving inadequate The administration heading for cabinetlevel energy policy talks at Camp David next Saf urday is known to be con sidering such moves as man datory automobile mileage standards tax credits for pur chasers of economical cars or conversely weight and horse power import restric tions fuel allocations and as a last resort gasoline ration ing Morton and others who favor the alternative of a high gaso line tax argue that it would be a less painful way to cut down fuel consumption
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