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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - December 3, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OPPICI Carbondalo 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Herrln 212 N Ufli Volumi 82No 2921 Se a Copy 2 Sections Soppleme IUCCMHT to Pra Dtlly Journal Wlurphytbero TUESDAY DECEMBER LIBRART HEISPAW8S BOX TW Early returns show edge for coal pact Charleston W Va AP United Mine Workers offi cials expressed optimism today that a new contract would be approved by the rank and file as scattered returns indicated a slim majority favoring the pact UMW President Arnold Mil ler has asked locals not to re lease preliminary vote totals so as not to prejudice those still voting But scattered returns repre senting some 16000 miners about 13 per cent of the unions 120000 working bituminous coal miners showed the agreement was gaining approval from about 52 per cent of those voting It could go either way here said Richard Carter president of District 29 in southern West Virginia center of an organized campaign against accepting con tract Carter said there was no clear indication of the voting trend because heavy snow had slowed the balloting A union spokesman in Wash ington said the UMW expected to have enough results in by Wednesday afternoon or evening to be able to make an an nouncement Early figures in eight Penn sylvania locals showed 683 votes for and 568 against the contract representing a 584 per cent turnout in those locals In another local in Cambria County the vote was 277 against 160 for But in Alabamas District 20 a union spokesman said the vote was 2130 to 995 with the largest local in the district still out Snowstorms hampered voting Monday and UMW President Arnold Miller ordered an ex tension through Wednesday Proposal narrowly defeated in state Tfie woods The seasons first brought a softness to branches over the ltd tomt Southern residtnti outdoors just to enjoy walk through stillness This apparent wilderness scene actually was photographed baraly outside city limits on road leading into the at the end of Carbondalts South Wall Street Photo by Tom Porter Centralla AP Striking Illinois members of United Mine Workers of America have narrowly re jected a proposed threeyear contract The Illinois vote totals will be compiled with UMW votes from other states and final results may not be available until Thursday Tom Shoemake of Herrin a member of the states UMW district board said today the union rank and file voted 4368 to 4194 against the pact He said two small locals with a total of 30 votes were not yet counted Vote totals by subdistricts and locals in Southern Illinois were muddies replies Wafergafe prosecutor says Washington AP A prosecutor accused former White House aide H R Halde man today of wandering up down and all over the lot to muddy his answers about what Haldeman and former President Richard M Nixon knew about Watergate Assistant Special Prosecutor Richard BenVeniste waited until after the jury had left the room in the Watergate coverup trial to complain about Halde mans answers to his ques tions Haldeman maintained that a June 23 1972 conversation in which he and Nixon talked Watergate conspirators G Gordon Liddy and E Howard Hunt did not neces sarily indicate Haldeman knew that Liddy directed the break In The breakin had occurred mix days earlier Meanwhile U S District Judge John J Sirica asked a courtappointed panel of doc tors who examined Nixon last week whether the former president is well enough to an gwer written questions The doctors had reported that Nixon is too ill to givf any kind of testimony in a ccurt until at least Jan a time when the trial is expected to be conclud ed When BenVeniste complain ed about Haldemans lengthy responses the witness lawyer said he had a right to answer fully since it is a criminal trial The fact that it throws Mr BenVeniste out of his rhythm is no concern of mine John J Wilson said William S Frates lawyer for John D Ehrlichman said he joined with Wilson and said that he would not take similar treatment from BenVeniste or chief prosecutor James F Neal when Ehrlichman takes the stand Sirica ended the discussion by saying that it was up to the jury to make up its own mind saying never underestimate the intelligence of a jury BenVeniste said repeatedly in his crossexamination that his questions went to Halds mans believability as he went pointbypoint over previous statements made by Haldeman under oath BenVeniste said that a tape transcript of the June 23 con versation shows very well not only that Liddy was direc tly involved but you also had Information that he was under pressure from Mr Mitchell Former Atty Gen John N Mitchell is also one of the five defendants But Haldeman said the con versation didnt show that at all and said there was much danger of assuming things that arent the case Sirica opened the days court session by asking attorneys for the five defendants whether they had any objection to his contacting the doctors who ex amined Nixon last week to ask whether the former president is well enough to answer written interrogatories None of the lawyers had any objection to making an inquiry of the panel and Sirica sent has law clerk to contact Dr Charles A Hufnagel the chairman of the panel Subdistrict 8 507 yes 685 no Subdistrict 7 1158 yes 1 344 no Subdistrict 1101 yes 1 173 no Eagle 2 local 1602 285 no 80 yes Zeigler 4 local 8490 187 no 87 yes Freeman 4 local 9878 91 no 104 yes Zeigler shop local 1771 no figures Delta local 7031 37 no 47 yes Eagle Strip local 1474 48 no 23 yes Orient 1591 222 no 168 yes Old Ben 21 Ipcal 1124 194 no 167 yes Old Ben Shop local 8317 10 no 27 yes Inland local 1545 207 no 180 yes Old Ben 26 local 1487 188 no 112 yes Orient 5 local 1284 1 no 11 yes Orient 3 local 9111 266 no 239 yes Orient 4 local 1591 91 no 104 yes Old Ben 24 local 1345 159 no 181 yes Spartan Mine local 9905 103 no 44 yes Amax local 1791 97 no 74 yes River King strip local 1148 137 no 231 yes Will Scarlet local 9939 37 no 98 yes Captain mine local 1392 119 no 81 yes Burning Star 3 local 1457 74 no 37 yes Burning Star 4 local 1458 12 no 8 yes Campbell Hill local 1650 70 no 57 yes Freeburg local 1670 247 no 136 yes Baldwin local 1820161 no 109 yes James town local 1825 85 no 80 yes Pinckneyville local 1826 9 no 33 yes Fidelity 11 local 5134 S no 93 yes Streamline local 7333 S4 no 68 yes Burning Star 2 local 9721 46 no 107 yes Illinois ehat with newly elect Michel and Erlenborn House committee enlarged The House Democratic cau cus voted today to increase the membership of the Ways and Means Committee from 25to 37 opening the possibility of a liberal majority on the hitherto conservative taxwriting group The1 action was by voice vote It is subject to ratification by the House itself in January but adoption by the Democrats who have a more than two to one majority apparently was decisive This vas the second blow In two days to the prerogatives of the committee headed by Chairman Wilbur D Mills DArk The caucus Monday stripped the Democratic contingent of WaysandMeansof its role nominator of other members for committee assignments Rep Charles A Vanik D Ohio a Ways and Means member and author of the amendment told newsmen This is the most significant change affecting Ways and Means It will have real impact on legislation He waid there were no audi ble no votes The action continued SUNNY Fair and cold tonight low in the mid 20s Wednesday partly sunny warmer high in the mid 40s Mostly cloudy Thursday through Saturday chance of rain Friday Lows in the mid 30s Highs in the low 50s Comics TV Family living 7 Sports Weather details map 7 1 New arms pact to allow buildups Washington AP The new U SSoviet stra tegic arms agreement allows both countries to continue cos tly nuclear weapons buildups over the next decade President Ford has acknowledged In a news conference Monday night Ford said the accord worked out last week in Siberia with Soviet Communist Party Leader Leonid I Brezhnev allows each country 2400 long range missiles and bomb ers Of that quota both nations can place multiple warheads MIRVs on 1320 mis es j Although the President said this agreement put a cap the he described a situation in which both coun1 tries have great flexibility In increasing the number of MIRV missiles as well as the lifting power of each missile throwweight in military diplomatic jargon For instance the Soviet Union has about 2200 long range missiles none of which is believed to carry multiple warheads Moscow can and is expected to install MIRV war heads onup to the 1320missile limit The United States already has 822 of its 1710 offensive missile force carrying multiple warheads Ford made It clear Monday night the United States will push MIRV program to the limit Larger US missifes likely Story on page Fords claims for the agree ment which will run from 1975 to 1965 once technical details are worked out came under immediate challenge from Sen Henry M Jackson DWash The Russians will be able to build a new misiile system when they dont have any now he said referring to the current lack of Soviet MIRVs In addition Washington Democrat said the cost of meeting the ceilings will be extraordinary Ford opened the news con ference by segregating topics into two categories He dealt first with the strategic arms question and then turning to domestic matters primarily the economy He repeated his assertion that inflation remains the na tions worst enemy although acknowledging that a recession is a serious threat that al ready has hurt many citizens and alarms many more Still Ford challenged a growing belief among congres sional Democrats that the re cession should be fought by re charfjjflg economy possibly by increased spending Since in his mind inflation is the deadly longrange ene my Ford asked Congressto act before it adjourns later this month to cut the fiscal 1975 budget by billion while providing billion for public service jobs to offset rising unemployment The question of costs also in volved the agreement Ford said We will probably have to increase our military budget next year just to take tare of the costs of inflation Nevertheless be said that In the long run there very very definitely will be an actual savings in military spending because of the new arms agreements May break conservative hold on Ways and Means group drive by Democratic liberals to make major power changes within the dominant party begun Monday with the election of a liberal activist to head the caucus The caucus voted Monday 146 to 122 to strip the Democratic contingent of Ways and Means of its power to assign party member to other committees Assignments now will be made by the Democratic Steering Committee That panel is composed half of the House leaders and their ap pointees and half chosen re gionally by the caucus mem bership The decision was a blow to Mills chairman of the Ways and Means Committee The Arkansas Democrat burst again into thenews over the weekend with a public renewal of his friendship with a stripper who plunged into the Washing ton Tidal Basin in October after a latenight party with Mills and others Backers of the change said the move was set and votes lined up before Mills appeared on stage with the stripper at a Boston night club over the weekend Rep Phillip Burton of Cali fornia was elected caucus chairman Monday 162 to ill over B F Sisk also of Cali fornia Sisk who had cam paigned for party unity said he will work with Burton but fears the election might be seen as a sign Congress will be flying off into the wild blue yon der But Burton proclaimed The winds of change have reached the House The prior caucus riiairman was Rep Olin E Teague DTex whose term in that post expires with the present Congress The meetings Monday of the Democratic caucus and the Republican conference were the first such sessions under new rules that provide for or ganizing Congress before it convenes next month Incumbent leaders of both parties were reelected Carl Albert DOkla speaker sub ject to the formality of House confirmation Thomas P ONeill Jr DMass majority leader John J Rhodes R Ariz minority leader and John B Anderson RI11 Re publican Conference chair man At me Republican organiza tion meeting Robert H Michel RI1L was elected Republican whip over John N Erlenborn of Illinois and Jerry L Pettis of post was left open by the retirement of Les lie C Arends RIU In the contest for Republican Conference chairman An derson turned back 85 to 82 a challenge by Charles E Wig gins of California Republicans outnumbered by Democrats at least 291 to 144 in the new House had compara tively little to do and concluded their conference Monday House expected to override veto of veterans benefits Washington AP The House is set to vote on whether to override President Fords veto of a bill to increase veterans school benefits by 227 per cent With GOP leaders opposed to the veto the House is expected to override today The Senate then would take up the issue later Ford vetoed the bill last month on the ground that it was inflationary but conceded Britain cuts back defense London AP Britain today announced plans for an billion cut back in defense spending over the next 10 years intended particularly to reduce com mitments east of Suez But Defense Secretary Roy Mason announcing the results of a ninemonth review of de fense policy in the House of Commons called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization the linchpin of British se curity and said NATO will remain the first charge on the resources available for de fense He said that meant Britain will concentrate on contributing land andair forces in the cen tral region of Europe sea and air forces to the eastern Atlan tic and Channel areas and to the general defense of the United Kingdom in its im mediate approaches Mason pledged Britains force of Polaris nuclear sub marina will be miintainad T that he didnt expect Congress to sustain his veto His action drew criticism then from House Republican leader John J Rhodes of Ari zona and Seals John G Tower RTex and Howard H Baker Jr RTenn Seven million Vietnamera veterans and four million other veterans would be helped by the bill A veteran with a wife and child would get a month support payments while in school under the bill compared to the current Ford pro posed a monthly payment of to a veteran in this cate gory The President also objected to extending the maximum time for undergraduate bene fits from 36 to 45 months saying a subsidy for four aca demicyears was enough to lei a veteran get Ms bachelors degree and adjust to civilian life Until 7980s Murder rate decline unlikely Washington AP The recordsetting U S murder rate is not likely to de cline until the 1980s when post World War H babies have ma tured a new government re port said today The National Center for Health Statistics an arm of the U S Department of Health Education and Welfare based that prediction on homicide statistical trends dating back to the 19th century and on the statistical fact that persons between 15 and 29 years old are more likely to be assailants or victims than any other age group Statistical expert A Joan Klebba said an estimated 20518 persons were murdered last year in the United States a rate of 98 deaths per 100000 population The previous record was 97 murders per 100000 in 1933 during the depths of the Great Depression The Klebba study disclosed that 40 per cent of the 1972 murder victims and 60 per cent of those arrested for homicide wereaged 15 to 29 years rep resenting in part the popu lation bulge of persons born between World War II and the Korean War If the age group 1529 con tinues to account for such a high percentage of the victims and those arrested a downturn in the homicide rate cannot be expected until the 1980s when the largest birth cohorts of the 1940s and 1950s will have reached 30 years of age or more it said A cohort is a group of in dividuals having a statistical factor in common in a demo graphic study such as year of birth
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