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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - November 11, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OMIC1 Carbondale 710 N Mllnela Murphyiboro 1113 Walnut Herrhi 312 N left Volumt ttNo 245lSe Copy J Stetlcm niinoisan HOME OFFICE LIND3AYSCHAUB NEISP PO BOX 789 DECATUR ILL 62685 fnu MiirHiyibw InlilillH MONDAY NOVEMBER 111974 Strike may be long CarbomMtHerrlnMurphyibeft Washington AP A nationwide coal strike will begin just after midnight tonight and a top official of the United Mine Workers predicted today that the walkout will last about three weeks Most coal mines already were shut forthe Veterans Day holiday while union and Industry negotiators continued efforts to resolve differences over a new contract As he arrived for todays bargaining session UMW Vice President Mike Trbovich said failure to reacr an agreement before tonights official strike deadline will prolong the walkout at least another week beyond the unions earlier two week forecast By not coming up with a contract last night or early this morning I think were in for a threeweek strike Trbovich told reporters He said the major obstacle holding up a Even if miners contract is reached ratification expected to take about 70 days settlement is the economic package dealing with wages pensions sick pay and other benefits Only a few noneconomic issues remained and the union official said these will be resolved Trbovich said if the negotiators get their heads together I think we can get something by the end of the week Both Guy Farmer the chief industry negotiator and UMW President Arnold Miller said after Sunday nights session that they were getting closer to an agreement but indicated that it still was several days away Each day of delay will further prolong the strike The government says a walkout of longer than two weeks duration will begin to force production cutbacks in other industries and result in layoffs of thousands Of workers A strike is unavoidable because pf the UMWs no contract no work tradition and because ratification of any settlement would require about 10 days Thus the length of the walkout depends on the negotiators ability to hammer out a new agreement that will win rankandfile approval The current contract expires at am Tuesday After furious last minute stockpiling Saturday most coal mines were idle Sunday and are expected to remain so until me unions 120000 members approve a new contract Were the mines to work today Veterans Day the com panies would have to pay triple wages under holiday provisions of the current pact The negotiators met until 11 pm Sunday before recessing for the night the latest they have worked in nearly a week As he emerged from the talks Farmer saidhe it would be midweek before a settlement was worked out Earlier he had been hopeful of an agreement over this past Who soys how much danger Story on weekend Both said wages and other economic issues were still unresolved but an industry source said the major sticking point in the talks is the unions insistence on the right to strike over grievances Everything else is negotiable the source said The industry is seeking a guarantee to safeguard against strikes to permit highvolume production Wildcat strikes and absenteeism led to 2A million lost mandays in 1973 ac cording to the industryi figures Related industries feeling impact c New York Times New York The nationwide strike by members of the United Mine Workers union is having a scattered impact on some coal dependent industries already but uncertainty over the status of contract talks in Washington is producing mixed opinions as to what the strike will ultimately mean to the nations troubled economy Although few mines are operating today the UMW strike officially begins at mid nighttonight It could involve up to jnembers and effectively cutoff 70per cent of the nations coal supp ly Over the weekend three of the major coal carrying railroads said the strike in itially would idle 2000 employes among companies Railroads are ex1 pected to feel the bruntof the strike most in the immediate future The Penn Central Railroad which relies on coal for 13 per cent of its revenues reported over the weekend that initially it would lay off 1500 employes The Norfolk 4 Western Railroad said 350 workers would be laid off The Chessie system operator of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and several other carrieri reported that initially 200 of its Area miners pledge holdout Story on page 3 staff would be affected by the strike Based on 1973 revenues for hauling coal railroads col lected about million a week The strike at maximum im pact could cost the railroad industry million a week according to one of its trade e Su on campaign donation law associations because 73 per cent of its coal freight would be lost Steel producers heavy users of metallurgical coal for their coking processes reserved specific comment over the weekend concerning what measures would be taken in view of the strike several citing their involvement in the contract talks Most steel companies are in the coal pro ducing business also United States Steel the na tions largest p ro d u c e r acknowledged however that it was making some minor balancing off between departments just to getour ducks in a row The company is also reportedly mbvingup Its maintenance schedule for several blast furnaces one way of helping stretch out a small stockpile of coal Electric utilities which use coal to produce more than 50 per cent of the nations electric power generally have been successful in stockpiling coal and could weather a strike of three to five weeks with little interference in service to customers Most interviewed knowledgeable sources in dicated they were confident that the strike would be as short as two weeks However there are those who are not as confident One noted that it is much easier to push the button to start a strike than it isto pull the1 lever to stop one f A Veterans Day salute Hugh 77 413 N for 70 years 14m St Herrln at ceremonies the Infantry today commemorating Veter World War 1 am Day served In scheduled tn many Mwm in Southern Illlnoh M off Photo by Buteh Nwlww Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington The Supreme Court agreed today to rule on the constitu tionality of a federal law forbidding corporations and labor unions to make campaign donations The law was challenged in an appeal by Bethlehem Steel and Its board of directorsheaded by chairman Stewart S Cort A Bethlehem stockholder Richard A Ash of Philadelphia sued the company in 1972 on the basis of a brochure and advertising campaip by the company seeking to promote honest politics in the 1972 presidential election Ash contended that the Bethlehemeffort was designed to promote the reelection of President Nixon and that the corporate money thus was being spent illegally The case to be reviewedby the supreme court involves both the constitutionality of the law and the question of whether it applies to ad vertisements that do not men tion a candidate a political party by name A third issue In the appeal is whether private citizens have a right to go to court to enforce fte ban on corporate or labor spending in politics The US Court of Appealsforr the Third Circuit earlier ruled that the law does apply to advertising that mentions m candidate or party If the advertisement is partisan The Appeals Court also ruled that private citizens may sue to enforce the law even though the usual method of enforce ment is criminal prosecution by the federal government Ford said powers would be cut Tonight cloudy and colder low in the lower 30s Tuesday cloudy high in the low to mid 50s Cloudy and cold Wednes day lows 23 to 35 highs in the 40s Thursdayfair becom ing cloudy with chance of oc casional rain Friday Warmer Thursay and Friday lows in the 30s and highs in the SOs Budget Office still functioning INDEX Claislfied Comici TV Bridge Crossword Editorlali Family living Farm Records Sports Weather details map Kissinger to visit 1114 15 4 6 5 7 910 7 c New York Times Washington When President Ford took office last summer the team he appointed to smooth the transition between administra tions recommended that the powers of the of Management and Budget be cut back substantially It has not happened In fact that recommendation has now been in writing according to well informed White House of ficials Because Ford has a different way of running the presidency than his predecessor did the OMB is not quite the monolithic superagency it was under Richard M Nixon But Ford and his advisers have ap parently decided not to take formal measures to clip the wings of the agency which prepares thePresi dents budget and manages the federal purse strings in his name According to one White House insider Fords transition team originally recommended that OMB be cut down because it had become an advocate of policy rather than a politically neutral analytical tool Other critics of the budget office have been charging that the agency had become politicized These critics maintained mat the agency was imposing budgetary decisions on other federal departments and agencies that were based on political con siderations rather than the economic program approved by Congress In an initial report to the President the transition team reportedly concurred with these criticisms at least in part and urged that Ford take positive steps to reduce the swollen powers of the of fice Now apparently that recommendation has been reversed A White House of ficial said that me view now is that the office had moved back toward its traditional role without any action by the President The reason that theoffice had become so powerful and had acted as a policy initiator this official said was that Nix on had largely disengaged from the budgetmaking and ex ecuting process in the last two years of his administration because of his preoccupation with me Watergate scan dal The crisis had created a policy vacuum in the area of fiscal management which filled by Nixons OMB ap pointees this official main tained Roy L Asb OMB director also suggested in a recent in terview that the nature of his agencys powers had changed with Fords accession Under Nixon Ash explained his agency had all the contacts with the other federal departments and agencies Nixon rarely saw the heads of these departments Ford is much more accessible to cabinet and staff he in dicated pours infolshoff after rains Washington AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger will visit mainland China Nov 2529 the State Department announced Mon day The long anticipated trip designed to maintain warming relations with Peking will follow a minisummit in Vladivostok Russia between President Ford and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev seven miners Johannesburg AP Hundreds of tons of mud to day washed down a shaft at the Impala Platinum Mine the worlds seciond biggest killing at a com pany spokesman said A spokesman said the dead included two white miners and not less than five black miners but he denied reports that 2000 to 3000 miners were trapped An Impala officialsaid the slime poured into the shaft after heavy rains forced a dam to burst at the mine in Bafokeng near Rustenburg 100 miles from here The official said the mud caused considerable damage to surf ace installations Between 2000 and 3000 men were working underground when the mud and slime over the lip of the No 4 shaft But mine officials said almost all managed to reach the surface through another shaft which remained clear Mine rescue teams were searching the shaft at various levels to see if any more men were trapped while surface roll calls were being taken to discover if any men are miss ing Impala is the main supplier of platinum for exhaust catalysts to General Motors Crucial tape played atWatergate trial Jury heate Nixon OK CIA coverup Wheof tobacco pact signed U s Secretary of Agriculture a wheat and tobaece agree ment The calls tar Sunday to Cairo after signing wheat and million worm of tobacco chief of public Safwat Abaia It in center Af Wlrepbete Washington AP The jury in the Watergate coverup trial listening to a June 23 1972 White House tape today heard defendant H R Haldeman obtain the ap proval of former President Nixon for a plan to use the Central Intelligence Agency to choke off the original FBI In vestigation into Watergate Donning earphones the jurors listened as Haldeman proposed that the deputy director of the CIA tall theFBI andsay Stay the hell out of this Wedont want you togo any further on it Haldeman suggests that he and defendant John D Ehrlichman call to the two top official of the art them to warn off the FBI from investigating the financing of the June 17 1972 breakin at Democratic National Com mittee headquarters On the tape replies All right fine I Shortly before the tape was played Gen Vernon A Walters deputy CIA director testified that he was summon ed to the White House within a few hours of the Haldeman Nixon meeting and ordered to persuade then acting FBI Director L Patrick Gray IB that CIA resources were jeopardized The June 23 tape also In volves defendant and former Atty Gen John N Mit cbtU Nixon asks Haldeman Well what the hell did Mitchell know about this to any much of a degree Haldeman I think so I dont think he knew the details butlftinkheknew Nixon kept the existence of the June 23 tape secret until Aug 5 just a few days before he resigned the presidency In the Nixon transcript the President summarizes how the CIA would be drawn into the coverup That transcript quoted Nixon as saying They the CIA should call the FBI in and unintelligible dont go any furtherInto tbii case period That quote was left out of the tape played for the jury Watergate prosecutors have expressed fear that the pardon granted Nixon from prosecu tion in the coverup case and other investigations might in fluence the jurys willingness to convict the five defendants Earlier US District Judge John J Sirica had agreed to defense requests that a crucial word on the tape be described as unintelligible on the transcript seen by the jury The word spoken by Haldeman is Gemstone the code name for the plan to wiretap the Democrats To at least one listener the word Gemstone could easily be Heard and recognized Sirica earlier denied a re quest for a separate trial and for a mistrial from two of tht defendants in the trial Meanwhile the Supreme Court declined to hear arguments on whether the in dictments of the six Watergate coverup defendants should be invalidated The ruling lets stand a Court of Appeals decision which re jected a motion by H R Haldeman to strike down the indictments Haldeman con tended grand jury which returned the indictments was not legally in existence since Congress extended its life beyond the normal 18 mon
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