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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - November 8, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION CarbMtfato PIN HIlMto Murphysbora 111 N 1Mb ttNo JMWc Copy Pour oisan Mlly FRIDAY Judge acq 8 Kent State guardsmen US District Judge Frank J Battisti today granted a motion for acquittal of eight former Ohio National Guardsmen in dicted in the 1970 Kent State shootings Battisti said the evidence at the conclusion of the governments case was not suf ficient to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendants had a specific intent to deprive anyone of their civil rights Were not dealing with grossly discharge of weapons were not dealing with the intention to wound or maim but only with specific intention to deprive one of certain rights he said He told the jury that at the start of this trial I told you that you would decide certain facts but at the conclusion of the governments case there are no facts to be decided by you As matter of law we defendants must be acquitted of the offenses with which they are charged Battisti went on I found no intention on the part of any defendant to deprive anyone of his civil rights The eight were charged with willfully assaulting and to timidating the victims of the May 4 1970 flareup to which four students were killed and nine others were wounded The eight also were charged with depriving the victims and others of the rights to protection against loss of freedom without due legal process Five also were charged with aiding and encouraging each other to their actions The shootingss capped a four day series of demonstrations protesting US military in volvement to Cambodia The guardsmen were ordered to the campus May 2 when a campus building was burned during a nighttime demonstration The eight were indicted by a federal grand jury last March Trial began Oct 21 The last prosecution witness was heard Thursday The governments chief at torney Robert A Murphy said not particularly surprised by the decision Asked whether further action was planned against the exguardsmen Murphy replied As far as Im concerned its all over Testimony from photographers Jhe wounded students and others said a crowd of about 2000 demonstrators gathered in the Kent State Commons that springtime noon asthe guardsmen moved into position on Blanket Hill at one end of the Commons An officer in a jeep ordered the crowd to disperse but was ignored The guardsmen moved back down the hill and around its base to a football practice field where the were cornered between fences by the chanting and yelling crowd of students whichMowed witnesses said The demonstrators were throw ing rocks and other objects and some of them made obscene gestures witnesses said Some of the guardsmen were hit testimony showed After firing tear gas into the crowd some members of which threw canisters back at the troops the guardsmen again moved up Blanket Hill toward Uie Commons where the bulk of the crowd remained witnesses said At the crest of the hill some of the guardsmen tamed level ed their and began firing the testimony showed The 13aecond burst of gunfire was described as beginning with one or two shots which were followed by a barrage Seven of the eight defendants said later they aimed at someone One said he ordered troops with him to fire a single shot into the air but that he issued the order after hearing others shooting None of the other defendants heard an order to fire they said Some of the persons killed and wounded were observers or were passing through the area on business other than the an tiwar rally testimony show ed Coal strike losses may fee million j 1 iUxnA The Southern Illinois eco nomy could lose up to million per week if there is a nationwide coal strike And that losscoupled with losses from three other stri kes in the areacould bring the total weekly cutback to more than million The miners estimate is bas on an average miners wage of a day It also takes Into account money that is spent and respent as it moves through the areas economy There are 7330 United Mine Worker members in Southern Illinois who are expected to go on strike until new na tional contract is approved Three other strikes already nnderway may drain some area bank accounts Some 1042 General Tele phone workers on strike for the past two weeks are losing a week in wages Con struction and supply have lost in wages the past two weeks Operators and service personnel have lost That totals 630 Using the velocity of money theory the total amount that moves through the area that means a week lost to the economy Officially the miners strike Is scheduled to startat am Tuesday when the cur rent threeyear contract with the coal companies expires Economy cutback for area According to that current contract however miners would have the option of work ing Saturday since Monday is Veterans Day and a paid holiday for the miners A settlement between union and company officials in Washington DC reportedly could be reached by Sunday but officials say a work stop page still would be inevitable because for the first time to the unions history the con tract must be ratified by all 120000 members Officials estimate that will take from eight to 10 daya Employes at another large Southern BltooU employer the Norge Co of Herrin are in their 25th day of a strike Based on the velocity of money and the average Norge wage of an hour that strike is costing the economy about million a week Negotiators for the Inter national Association of Mac hinists Lodge 554 and Norge have met with a federal med iator at least three times reportedly with only minor re visions made in the proposed contract Unlike the UMW the mac hinists have a a week strike fund which started this week Funds started be ing dispursed Wednesday a union spokesman said Harold Williams business agent for the union said the fund which comes from the international union in Washington DC would last for the duration of the strike With 1640 members in the lodge the fund would cost the union about a week Both sides met with a fed eral mediator Thursday and negotiations were scheduled to continue today Striking employes of the Du Quoin Packing Co have lost about a week since the strike began almost 34 weeks ago Strikers do get about a week in strike benefits Before the strike the 250 members of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America Local 530 earned wages ranging from to an hour Again usm the velocity of money theory the loss to the area economy would be each week This brings the entire total to more than million a week 1 Truck vnlorf coal it Soumtrn Illtnob Electric Coop Marlon Photo by Butch Nevleut Utilities can survive a short coal strike Miller Washington AP President Arnold Miller of the United Mine Workers predicted today that the impending ria tionwide coal strike will last about two weeks provided contract settlement is reached this weekend which will meet with his membersapproval Chatting with newsmen as he arrived for todays bargaining session Miller said he expected the industry to respond to the unions latest proposal either with a new offer or ac ceptance Today is likely to be the last day of workfor of miners before a strike1 which 2week strike negotiators say they hope to keep short by comingto terms possiblythis weekend Meanwhile more than 1000 miners remained off the job in southern Ohio today in wildcat walkouts apparently in an icipation of a nationwide strike The wildcat strikes began Thursday night Both sides acknowledge that a walkout is unavoidable but are pressing negotiations to keep the strike short The problem Is that even if a tentative agreement is reached before the old contract expires there isnt enough time to ratify it under the unions cumber US has no emergency pfarr Story page 11 some rules and union officials have ruled out extending the contract Meanwhile administration spokesman says that a itrike could mean a out in steel pro duction immediately reduced electric power generation and hospital and school functions Southern Illinois electric utilities and some major coal users reported sufficient stockpiles of coal to last dur ing a short coal miners strike But a long strike would cause problems they said Some railroads that haul coal from the mines report they may face layoffs due to the strike The Central Illinois Public Service Co said it can con tinue generating electricity for about two months without ser ious difficulties ifthere is a coal miners strike After two months the CIPS stockpile of coal would be dan gerouly low and operation of the system would be jeopar dized an official said The company normally tries to keep a 90day stockpile on hand but for the past few years coal producers have been unable to meet the in creasing demand If the strike is extended CIPS probably could not pur chase electricity from other utilities or receive any from pooling or sharing because all utilities would be in the same AAenard escapee captured A Menard Penitentiary pri gooner who has been missing rince Nov 1 is in the Macon County Jail at Decatur today Assistant Supt Michael Fair mid James E Saulsbury 22 was apparently arrested last night or early today by De catur City Police He said a detailed report on the arrest Is not yet complete Saulsbury entered prison fa November 1972 to serve three to nine years for burlgary and theft situation Emergency plans have been made by CIPS These include appeals for voluntary conser vation of electricity and re quests to large industrial cus tomers for curtailment of us age The objective is to pro tect service to residential cus tomers and humancare facili ties The weather will affect the CIPS coal supply Mild wea ther will stretch the supply while cold weather will use it up faster L Thomas Clevenger pre sident of the Southern Illinois Power Cooperative plant south of Marion said today Were in good shape We anticipated this early in the year and planned to stock pile and we have stockpiled He said the plant which gen erates electricity for three ru ral cooperatives serving Sou thern Illinois has a 75 to 90 day supply of coal depending on the winter weather Anna State Hospital has enough coal stockpiled to get through a sixmonths according to Chief Engineer Dave Lockman The hospital has stockpiled four months supply of regular coal and two months supply of dead coal or coal com pacted for permanent storage Lockman said the hospital has 5000 tons of regular coal In addition to the dead coal He said the hospital burns about 30 tons a day He said the temperature will be turned down to about 70 in resident areas and to about 68 in the offices Coal stockpiles sufficient for one to four weeks were listed for Franklin Hospital to Ben ton Union Hospital in West Frankfort and Mtoera Hospi tal in Christopher Southern Illinois University at will have to fl out back sharply on energy if the miners goon strike Interim president Hiram Le sar said Thursday that coal consumption at the univer sitys steam generating plant will be slashed to 100 tons a day in mild weather periods The plant which produces steam for both heating and air conditioning normally burns 140 to 145 tons a day with temperatures in the 40s and 50s Lesar said the coal thus sav ed will allow us to cover extreme cold weather situa tions at somewhat less than our norm but temperatures will be high enough to meet health standards he added During extreme cold wea ther SIUC burns about 160 tons a day The coal strike also would apparently adversely affect the railroads which transport most coal Ed Newsom telegraph oper ator for the Missouri Pacific Railroad in West Frankfort said the railroad will probably layoff about 6 or 8 persons Wednesday if the strike comes The layoff would be at Pin ckneyville and West Frankfort and would involve brakemen conductors train engineers and clerks It will definitely haveef fects on the number of trains run a spokesman for the Burlington Railroad in Centra lia said Coal is Burlingtons basic commodity in Centra lia He said there probably would be more temporary relocations than layoffs A spokesman for the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad in Car bondale said no layoffs are planned at this time It depends on how long the strike lasts the said within three weeks and a loss of some280000 jobs fprnoncoal industry workers These were federal estimates but there are virtually no federal plans to cope with these potential difficulties The negotiators planned to come back with newly drafted contract language in hopes of resolving the four or five really tough issues that chief industry negotiator Guy Farmer said re main He said he was hopeful of a tentative settlement by Sun day Mfller agreed with Farmers assessmentfollowing Thursdays bargaining session CLOUDY cancer linked that an agreement was possfcta this weekend but Miller said strike is a foregone con clusion Meanwhile to West Virginia industry officials say absen teeism among the miners has been increasing this week in anticipation of the strike Although the UMW contract with the Bituminous Coal Operators Association does not expire until midnight Monday some still observe Veterans Dayon that day Under the union contract It Is legal holiday with tripletime pay Senate votes aid Tribute fo fhe miner On the of an expected coal ttrikt this 7 foot bronze statue of eoal miner WM placed on the Zeigler Cirele today It eommluientd by the Bank Zeigler to eommtmo ratt dead and living Sculptor Stephen of Cobden ertated flu stehio to replace fountain a landmark in Zoiglir Photo by Butch Navlow New Orleans La AP Drinking water from the Mississippi River could be the cause of 15 to 20 per cent of cancer deaths among white males to Louisiana river towns an environmental group says These deaths could be avoided if the communities taking water from the river switched to ground water or filtered cancer causing substances out of the river water the Environmental Defense Fund said Thurs day Water from the river was found to contain carcinogens chemical or biological agents that have been found to increase the chances that tumors will form Dr Robert H Harris said the study showed statistically significant evidence that Mississippi River drinking water was associated with higher cancer deaths But cancer ex perts warn that such studies may overlook other factors that might also be responsible for the rate of cancer deaths We recognize there are multiple factors to cancer etiology and we havent looked at all of them Harris said For instance the study did not take into account tte rate or cigarette smoking or alcohol consumption in comniunltlef Cloudy tonight low in the low to mid 40s Saturday part ly sunny and mild high in tfao low to mid 60s Cloudy chance of showers Sunday Fair Monday and Tuesday Mild Sunday and Monday warming on Tuesday lows 35 to 47 Highs Sunday and Mon day 45 to 58 Highs Tuesday 55 to 65 INDEX CUssifiMl I23 Religion s Comics TV Crotswerd 1J 4 Family living Sportt 1 Weather details map funds Springfield AP The Illinois Senate voted to day to restore million to a public aid bill reduced by Gov Daniel Walker In a series of votes the Senate approved motions to override Walkers reduction veto which cut a 10 per cent welfare increase approved by the general assembly to 5 per cent A majority vote of each house is needed to restore an appropriation reduced by the governor Is Walkers new song a presidential ballad Chicago AP A folk ballad of Gov Daniel Walkers 1972 campaign walk through Illinois will be sold throughout the state and perhaps marketed na tionally The ballad titled A Winner Walkin Home was composed by country music performers JoAnne and Stan Hitchcock The Illinois sun comes shin ing through the cornstalks by the road hes walkin on the ballad begins The bright light shows all the dust OB his clothes And he sure could use some rest His bodys tired but not hit ioul winner walking The record will be releasedto Illinois radio stations this week and will be sold initially at five country music fundraising con certs to be held in December by the Illinois Democratic Fund which Walker established The record was introduced at a news conference at IDF headquarters to Chicago Fri day Although Walker has consis tently denied it observers be lieve he may make a bid for the 1976 Democratic presiden tial nomination IDF officiate and Hitchcock acknowledge that the record probably win be marketed nationally tf it is a hit in Dlinota I
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