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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - November 3, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondala 710 N Illinois Murphyiboro 1113 Walnut rlarrin 712 N 16th Southern Illinoisan Volume a Copy 5 Sectioni Comics Family Weekly Magazii twcnwrtoCirMnMit ITM Prat Hirrti Billy Jwrnil lnUifJ SUNDAY NOVEMBER J 1974 CarbondalaHvrlnMurphysbwt Miners wives brace for strike By Don Frost Of The Southern Illinoisan Gregory Wallace 23 of Ber lin is single and has a full time job Like many single men in his age group Wallace makes monthly payments on a late model car he usually has a few dollars in his pocket and he normally goes out on a date or to a local night spot on weekends But lately Wallace has staying home more Hes a coal miner and he expects to go on strike Nov 12 when the contract between the United Mine Workers and the coal companies expires The strike could last for two weeks or two months he said But there will de finitely be one Wallace still is making those car payments but he is mak ing them in double install ments so he will be two months ahead Wallace a miner at Free man Coal Corps Orient 8 mine at Waltonville said usually does not work the op tional Saturday shift at the mine but recently he has been in preparation for the weeks or months in which he may not have a paycheck coming Im not going out on week ends as much as usual Im watching my money Wallace said he probably will be able to endure the strike better than coal miners with families One such miner is James Doty 36 of West Frankfort who works at Old Ben Coal Corps No 26 mine near Ses ser Doty and his wife Pat have two small children I hope it the strike is a short one Mrs Doty said I dont know but we are going to be prepared any way She buys food items that are on sale in larger quan tities Mrs Doty said and we have a freezer that Ive been stocking She said she canned garden vegetables this year for the first time I did my Christmas shop ping ahead of time In fact its the earliest I have ever started Christmas shopping I started the first of Septem ber Mrs Doty said she also is doing a lot of sewing for the Appalachia also prepares for coal strike Page 19 family instead of buying readymade clothing The 13yearold daughter of a coal miner from Marion who works at the Zeigler Coal Cos No 4 mine near Johnston City said she has seven members in her family She said her mother is start ing a job at night to help tide the family over during the strike and she and her brothers and sisters are look ing for jobs in their neigh borhood George McPheron 60 of Johnston City another Zeig ler No 4 miner has worked in the mines for 33 years and hasbeen through several con tract strikes We always make it the veteran miner said But I hope we dont have one McPheron said he is encour aged by UMW President Ar nold Millers recent state ments that union and com pany negotiators in Washing ton DC could wrap up an agreement soon In the spring the UMW launched a strikepreparation contest through the United Mine Workers Journal with going to the host sug gestion Three suggestions from Sou thern Illinois miners wives appeared in the September is sue of the Jour ami Violet Russell 83 of Car rier Mills entered the contest although her husband retired from the mines 15 years ago after 40 years as a miner Mrs Russell said she knows the hardships of miners and she knows how hard a long strike can be We went through a lot of strikes We always prepared for a strike Mrs Russell said she thought her suggestions might help some of the youngsters who still work in the mines She said sixweekold chick ens can be purchased Inex pensively After they are rai sed and dressed out they can be put in the family freezer She said some of the grown chickens could then be sold to help pay for feed Then there is our small garden for tomatoes beans cabbages and mustard to be canned for winter Mrs Rus sell said in her entry Mrs Amos L Irvin of Ses ser said she takes advantage of the LynGai Garment Co being there Twice a week Mrs Irvin said large bags of scrap ma terial are put out for pickup by garbage trucks She said the scraps can be used for childrens clothing quilts and pillows Mrs HE King of Marissa suggested that Christmas foods amd the Thanksgiving turkey be bought early and put away for the holidays She suggested that Christ mas gifts be limited to one major gift for each member of the family No turkey for Thanksgiv ing or no Christmas for the kids These are real strike breakers Mrs King said Coal Pessimism grows c new York Times Washington In an atmosphere of gathering pessimism negotiators for the coal industry and the miners union are laboring haltingly to evert a potentially disruptive strike The negotiators met late Saturday for about an hour and then parted amicably after agreeing to meet today The talks broke down Friday night but federal mediators moved in openly Saturday morning to bring the two sides together However the mood of the negotiators was described by W J Usery Jr director of the Federal Mediation and Con ciliation Service as harder and harder They are at a critical stage he said The issues get harder and harder as you get down near the end You have your ups and downs and they just got to a point Friday night where they either wouldnt or couldnt make progress Meanwhile the time needed to avert a strike is running out and some union officials Saturday were calling walkout inevitable A coal strike would lead to mounting burdens in two areas of American life The economy would suffer generally from spreading layoffs in coalrelated industries such as steel automobiles and chemicals A Miners strike of more than a week or two would also have a direct impact on consumers chiefly through added strains on the nations electric power system More than half the 600 million tons of coal expected to be mined this year is for electric power plants More talks set today Coal stockpiles at many power stations are far below normal according to the Federal Power Commission particularly in Oklahoma Arkansas Louisiana Texas Kentucky Tennessee Alabama and Mississippi and in the industrial Ohio River Valley Friday night from Hie Hay Adams Hotel the coal bargaining headquarters across Lafayette Square from the White House Arnold R Miller who heads the union ordered members of the UMWs 38 member bargaining council to remain indefinitely on call at a nearby Holiday Inn Under new form procedures in the union the bargaining coun cil composed of elected district officers must first give its assent to any new labor agree ment that Miller arrives at Such a vote is not considered possible until Monday at the earliest If the bargaining council does give its approval the 330 member district conference representing the 120000 active miners eligible to vote will have to be convened The local union conferees would thenbe expected toreturn to the coal fields and explain the proposed contract This would take three to five days Ranlr andfile voting would take three more days and counting the ballots at least one more day The UMWs threeyear con tract with the Biruminous Coal Operators Association expires at midnight Nov 11 and the miners tradition of no con tract no work is now in the union constitution However few people expect that deadline to hold Walkouts are considered more likely to begin next Saturday at the end of the last midnight shift of the last full contract week Hard bargaining by Miller and the coal industrys interest in continued production while pro fits are at record highs have disposed of most noneconomic issues reportedly with impor taut concessions to the union on mine safety matters But talks on wages retirement benefits and costs and other complex issues are far from ended Pat Doty of West Frankfort stores homecanned AP poll Ford wraps up campaign crusade Washington AP The final preelection Associated Press survey in dicates Democratic majorities could come close to the two thirds mark in both houses of Congress and the partys total of governorships was expected to approach or match the 1936 record of 39 Here is the outlook based on reports from AP bureaus in the BO states late polls and in terviews with politicians Senate Democrats are likely to gain from five to seven of the 14 GOP seats at stake and could bold all 20 of their own House Democrats are ex pected to gain from 30 to 50 seats Governors Democrats could gain from six to nine governorships including California and New York By the Associated Press President Ford wrapped up his campaign for a cooperative Congress Saturday with a crosscountry crusade intended to help Republicans hold three crucial Senate seats The days journey was mark ed by a fingerwagging backstage debate with three Vietnam veterans who pressed Ford to sign a bill increasing GI education benefits Tries fo secure fhree Senafe seals for GOP Im not in a position to say yes or no until it gets down to the White House Ford responded adding that some provisions might be infla tionary In Salt Lake City Ford was applauded by a crowd of 10000 u v We cannot spend our way at the University of Utah He GOP senate canto happiness but we can spend treated an audience filling about ourselves into debt and we cantwothirds of the campus Base spend our nation straight into basketbaE arena to a partisan of raging inflationhe said lecture on what he said was an crowd pffidally overgrown allpowerful The Presiestimated at 10000 that filled a bureaucracy and urged a It also was a day of campaign pords arrival The Presi estimated at 10000 that filled a bureaucracy and urge a rhetoric including a plea by his supporters by baseball stadium in the western return of power to the local Ford for voters to join him in a raincoat and moving Colorado city of Grand Junction level cutting off the tentacles of oc rf ft crowd d declared a cooperative pord endorsed the GOP can edge of the crowd Ford declared a cooperative Ford endorsed the GOP can hands and exchanging would be good for didacy of Salt Lake City Mayor the nation Jake Gam for the Senate seat with Dole at his side he He plugged the sagging being vacated by Wallace Ben by motorcade for a campaigns of Republican Sen nett Garn is contending for the convention cenpefa Dominick and GOP Gov seat with Democratic Rep John V Vanderhoof both of During his journey Saturday Colorado Farliw in the dav Ford anFord continued to hammer away th Earlier in the day dangerg of g veteransFapproached Ford Michigan ballot planned no Democratic landslide in backstage asked him other political appearances CUttmg un UIC Vi tupuslike government in the nations capitol In Wichita Kan there were Ford appearances at three receptions and a rally to boost the reelection hopes of Republican Sen Robert ter Wayne Owens The President who according viet to has cast an absentee Inside today TODAY The Southern Uli uoisan introduces a new Sun day magazine The Southern Illinoisan Sun day Magazine replaces The Entertainer which has ap peared for some time in the Sunday paper The new maga azine will incorporate regular features TVlogs and other Items that appeared in T h e Entertainer The new magazine also will spotlight area features and will include material that pre viously appeared on the Sun day Feature page B3 sure to see todays Sun day Magazine RUSSELL TALLEYs store front gallery displays Carter villes history in pictures See Page 9A for story by Noreen Marcus LITTLE EGYPT or Egypt the mystery still remains Re porter Sue Spaeth investigates See Page SA INTERIOR DESIGN TEACHER puts knowledge to work fa the construction of her home See Paga 25 for Tuesdays elections Seoul fire him other r whetherlie would veto or sign a between his return to the White GI benefit package approved by House early today and Congress Tuesdays election Kangaroo furns up in Piano t Piano AP It was definitely a kangaroo andit was sitting in the middle if the road Officer John Orr said But he said he couldnt swear it was the same kangaroo that clobbered a couple of Chicago cops last month It was jumping pretty good It seemed tc be in good shade Onsaid He added that his cousin was following him in another car and also saw the kangaroo The offduty policeman said he almost hit me kangaroo while driving through Silver Springs State Park on Friday night but it hopped away before he could catch up with the naimal It was the first reported sighting of the marsupial marauder in several days Two weeks ago two Chicago police officers reported sighting a kangaroo They said they finally cornered it in a fenced yard and scuffled with it but kangaroo got in a couple good punches kicked one cop in the shins and hopped into hiding The following week the kangaroo was reported at various locations in Chicagos Northwest Side but whenever police arrived me animal was gone Some kangaroo spottes in Chicago claimed to have seen Sie beast checking out garbage cans in alleys possibly to sustain it for the 40mile hop to the farmland around Piano Sfevenson Burcfiff campaign winds up By Mike Robinson ChicagoXAP One of the least written about least talked about state election campaign in decades winds up Tuesday as niinoisans choose between incumbent Adlai E Stevenson and challenger George F Burditt for the US Senate The outcome of the race between Democrat Stevenson and Republican attorney Burditt also has stirred little specula tion with polls indicating the son of the late Illinois governor and United Nations ambassador most likely will win in a landslide Spice also is absent from the secondary statewide contest in which state Treasurer Alan J Dixon a veteran Democrat is matched against Republican Harry Page a Springfield school teacher on his first electoral outing Fiercely fought battles are being waged however in several congressional districts where Democrats are striving to reverse the results of the 1972 election At that time their party lost two of the 12 seats it had held in the 24member US House delegation Politicians also will be watching Tuesday to see how Gov Daniel Walker fares in his quest for Democratic majorities well stiffened with adherents to his wing of the party in both houses of the General Assembly In the legislative races 20 of the 59 Senate seats and all 177 House spots are up for elec tion The most optimistic forecasts of Democratic strategists who have had to live with Republican control of both nouses for two years is that they will gain 3227 control of the Senate and an edge of 9285 in the House Stevenson and Burditt sounded the themes of their campaigns in a debate on a Rockford television station in May and have stuck with the same basic script right up to the eve of election Burditt a former state representative from LaGrange argues that the blame for the nations current economic malaise must be placed on big spenders such as Stevenson Stevenson retorts that he is not a big spender He says he believes that charge was cooked up by the Republican National Committee and the Senate Republican Campaign Com mittee It is precisely the energy crisis he says that accounts for 50 per cent of the current infla tion Burditt repliei that Stevensons stand unfairly blames the major oil companies for a problen that actually is much wider He also attacks Stevenson for setting with his campaign a tone of gloom and doom a story by Kathie Pratt photos by Butch Nevious POLITICAL ENDORSE MENTS for Tuesdays elec tion See Page 34 BOTH CENTRALIA AND MT VERNON will represent the South Seven Conference as high school state football pairings are announced Satur day Page 13 r ELDORADO WINS Southern shops police said mini champion ship Page 14 WEST FRANKFORT forces South Seven cochampion Cen tralia into five overtimes be fore bowing Page 15 A fourhour predawn fire kill ed at least 72 persons and in jured about 50 others Sunday in a sevenstory building housing a small hotel apartments and Voters anguished frustrated in mood CLOUDY Fug INDEX Ann Landers Business Bridge BG Classified Crossword Editorials Family Living Finanea Records Sports Tolavlslon v Woathtr dat 4A 5A 2 4144 6A 34 2527 3740 5 1318 2A 10AUA map I By R W Apple Jr In 1974 from all indications tcl New York Times votere wU1 punish c ew York limes Republicans who have held the Washington vThite House for six years much It has been a curious camas they punished the paign Republicans in a similar situa The voters who will be going tionin 1958 to the polls across the nation on But this year it seems the Tuesday have been telling country will turn to the politicans and reporters and Democrats with no great op pulsetakers for weeks that they More and more yoters WaetSr pSiffi appear to have concluded that pardon the loss of their nothing they can do with their j0bs ballots win really change Sen Walter F M Mondale a things thunderstorms unay wnn Minnesota Democrat who has I their highs in the upper 60s to lowerbeen traveling around the coun the NaboaMM William Watte eight to try on behalf of his party says and Lloyd A Freei draw on that he has never heard as masses 01 poll data to delienate much resentment and frustra a new pessimism in the tion American public Traditionally an angry elec Respondents to their survey torate turns against the ins they say Felt that the country and votes for the outs with five years from now would not of tatter dayi back to ujtevii of fivt Today mostly cloudy and cooler with showers and thunderstorms likely with 15 miles per hour becoming northwest to north eight to 12 miles per hour Sixty iper cent chance of percipitation today Monday cloudy and cooler with likely Highs in the SOa Jackson Williamson moods Page 3 years in the past in short over a full decade Americans believed there will have been no overall national progress whatsoever The word apathy has been widely used to describe this state of mind But apathy results from not caring and the paradox of 1974 is that Americans seem to care deeply about a large number of issues while at the saine tune feeling impotent to effect real Apathy is not what we have said a Democratic strategist on Capitol Hill last week We have anguish and frustration and rage Cynicism about the political process may prompt a low turnout some forecasters have suggested that it will drop to the lowest levels since 1946 But Richard M Scammon the na tions leading political demographer expects no startling dropoff from 1970 when 438 percent of the adult population voted Even if the turnout falls only moderately below that of four years ago in the view of Patrick Caddell a leading pollster that will constitute an ominous sign because people feel more not less concerned about their countrys futureman they did our yean ago Were in danger of looking on politics as a spectator sport he said in an interview You know it does not do any more for your life than pro football Youre a little unhappy when the home team loses but its not serious business In this situation Caddell and a number of other public opinion analysts warn it would be a mistake to construe widespread Democratic victories on Tues day as a mandate for the Democrats just as it was a mistake to view President Nix ons 1972 landslide as Republican mandate Botii of these elections a Republican pollster commented are classic examples of negative voting or choosing between the lesser of two evils I dont know when well have an affirmative vote again 1
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