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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - October 1, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carborwlato 710 N Murphysboro nil Walnut N Ufh VeJumi 82No 231lSe a Copy 2 Supplement 44 Pages j Southern Illinoisan 010175 W LIBRARY LS NEWSPAPERS BOX 7H Suceetur to Cirbendt It Frn Prtti Htrrln Dilty Jwnwl Mtirphyiburo liufipmdMl TUESDAY OCT 1 1974 Walker urges SIUC coal research center By Don Frost Of The Southern Illinoisan Governor Daniel Walker today proposed the establishment of a coal mining research center at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale to be funded jointly by the state and the US Bureau of Mines Walker made the proposal in his opening remarks at Illinois Coal II the second coal con ference convened by the gover nor to find ways of increasing the use of Illinois vast coal reserves Walker said the center will be the focal point for coal min ing research in Illinois There is no more logical place for the new research cen ter than SIU Carbondale is the front line of coal production Thats where the city got its name Walker said SIU has the resources we will need for the research cen ter and we will bring more people and more resources here when we set up the center Walker said the center will develop training for mining en gineers to meet the increased demand for coal a doubling in demand for the next eight years And it will help develop more efficient and safe mining operations We needed to fill the alarm ing gap between our current knowledge of mining technology and the knowledge it will take to double coal production within eight years We need to encour age a much greater federal ef fort in Illinois where the coal is Following the governors speech Edwin R Phelps chair man of the National Coal As sociation and conference chair man told coal and energy ex perts from across the nation that there has been little pro gress in increasing coal produc tion within the last year Phelps cited numerous wildcat strikes absenteeism and strict air pollution standards as some of the reasons for the lack of progress Phelps said that the proposed federal reclamation legislation currently before conference committees in Congress would further discourage increased production He said the coal industry is in favor of reclama tion but the bill would actually prohibit coal mining in some cases Phelps said that one bill could not cover all situations He favors reclamation contnMl ed at the state level Phelps said Pardon Ford to discuss decision Ready for a ride Gov Daniel Walker adjusts his bandana and railroad cap before boarding a tour train In Carbandale following dedi cation ceremonies of a Ailfur pilot plant today at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale The de vice was donated to SIUC by Chemical Construction Co of New York The pilot plant and ash emitted from furnaces which burn highsulfur coal the type mined in Illinois The scrub ber is located at the SIUC physical plant smokestack background Washington AP President Ford has offered to discuss his pardon of former President Richard M Nixon before a House panel in what would be the first such congres sional appearance by a presi dent since Abraham Lincoln George Washington was the only other President to testify in Congress while in office Ford told a House Judiciary subcommittee Monday night he wants to arrange the appear ance within the next 10 days to answer 14 questions on the par don Questions include whether ne fotiations for the pardon beean efore Nixon resigned whether any promises or conditions were made and whether Ford had any psychiatric or medical reoorts on Nixon when he granted the pardon White House spokesmen said Ford is leaving to the subcom mittee any decision on live tele vision coverage and whether the President will be put under oath I Senate leaders today ap plauded Fords decision to tes tify But Majority Leader Mike Mansfield D Mont said he hopes it wont become a habit Mansfield said he was sur prised and pleased at the decision Sen Hugh Scott RPa Senate Republican leader said he thought it was an excellent idea and said he had earlier sug gested that it would be good for the President to make an ap pearance before a congressional committee sometime Ford offered the surprise personal appearance in a letter to subcommittee chairman W liam L Hungate DMo as the House took up a related cutttag Fords expense money request for Nixon to An effort to cut it to S200WX I was promised in response to the Ford threatens to veto Turkish aid cut Washington AP President Ford today threat ened to veto a bill containing an amendment to cut off military aid to Turkey declaring the measure would destroy any hope for the success of U S efforts for peace in Cyprus In a written statement hours before a final Senate vote on legislation containing the amendment proposed by Sen Thomas F Bagleton DMo Ford declared If the Eagleton amendment or similar language is adopted by the Congress the United States will have lost its negoti ating flexibility and influence It thus hurts the very countries and objectives it purports to help The Senate adopted the Eagleton amendment Tuesday by a 5720 vote adding it to a resolution which would continue foreign aid at a level of about 25 billion a year It is my intention to withhold my consent to any continuing resolution which reaches my desk containing language such as that found in the Eagleton amendment Ford said However the President en dorsed weaker language drafted by the State Department and proposed by the Senate Appro priations Committee saying he hoped the Senate would support this amendment on grounds it would help Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger in his efforts to negotiate a Cyprus settle ment The presidential statement came shortly before the Senate opened debate on a similar cut off of military aid to Chile The Chile aid cutoff was pro posed by Sen Edward M Ken nedy DMass in one of a series of restrictive foreign policy amendments to a normally rou tine money bill He said Chile is repressing human freedom These restrictions also are opposed by Kissinger and the Ford administration Eagleton contended that the Turkish cutoff is required under existing law because of the use of American military enuipment by Turkey for other than de fensive purposes in the invasion and partial occupation of Cyprus in July The language adopted by the Senate would be subject to ad justment in conference with the House which last week voted to suspend military aid to Turkey until the President certifies that substantial progress has been made in the Cyprus negotia tions I Opposing the Eagleton I amendment Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield D I Mont said it is not going to force the Turks out of Cyprus in whole or in part He also said it would under mine the position of Kissinger if he is called upon to act as a mediator between Greece and Turkey The amendment was added to a continuing resolution exten ding spending authority from Sept 30 to the final adjournment date of Congress for foreign aid and other federal programs for which regular appropriation bills have not yet been pass ed pardon Andrep Jerome R Waldie DCalif contended that even Nixons 360000 pension should be denied because of the pardons implication of crimi nal conduct A White House spokesman said Ford decided on the rare personal appearance after con cluding the direct approach was the best approach He said Ford is prepared to respond to each question and point of information in the reso lutions but said he did not know if the President would ac cept other questions or submit to cross examination For the limited purpose of the hearing he said Ford obviously was waiving executive privi lege Ford said he would answer questions in two resolutions nf inquiry before the House sub committee one introduced by Rep Bella S Abzug DN posing 10 questions and one from Rep John Conyers Jr D Mich asking four They include Did Ford know of specific criminal charges pending against Nixon when the pardon was granted Did former White House chief of staff Alexander M Halg Jr discuss a pardon with Nixon before or after Nixnns Aug 9 resignation and if so what promises or conditions were made When was the parrion first discussed with Ford or his aides and who p3rticirafed in the ne gotiations for it Did Ford consult with oth ers about the legal authority for the pardon including Atty Gen William B Saxbe Special Watergate Prosecutor Lcin Ja worski Vice Presidentdesignate Nelson A Rockefeller or any attorney or law professor If so what is the authority Did Ford or his aides ask for a confession or statement of criminal guilt and was the statement Nixon made at the time of the pardon approved in advance by Ford or his aides What reprcentefions were made on Nixons behalf THe pardon Coverup trial for former Nixon ins aides Washington AP Oncemighty officials of the Nixon administration went on trial today on charges they tried to block tile investigation of the June 1972 Watergate break At am by the courtroom clock U S District Judge John J Sirica entered the courtroom to preside in the case of The United States versus John Mitchell etal Most of the seats in the court room were taken by a panel of 170 prospective jurors Sirica told them he would begin by asking general questions to weed out any obviously un qualified and then question the remainder in private The selection process that could last one week or more will result in 12 jurors and six alternates being chosen for the trial Sirica has said he hopes to complete the trial before Christmas Every effort will be made to conclude the trial before the holiday season although that may not be possible Sirica told the prospective jurors A small number of demon strators gathered outside the federal courthouse and one of them spat on former White House aide John D Ehrlichman one of the five defendants Ehrlichman was struck on Hie right shoulder but appeared un1 moved by the incident His lawyer Andrew C Hall shoved the demonstrator away The other defendants are for mer Atty Gen John N Mitch ell exWhite House staff chief H R Haldeman former Assistant Atty Gen Robert C Mardian and KenneTh W Parkingson onetime lawyer for Nixons reelection commit tee Moments before Sirica called the trial to order all the defend ants had arrived and each other briefly It was the first time they had been togeth er in a courtroom since they pleaded innocent to the charges on March 9 IBHE committee backs higher college tuition Terrorists still demanding million tor hostages Chicago AP A subcommittee of the Illinois Board of Higher Education has reaffirmed board policy which will increase tuition at state colleges and universities The subcommittee on tuition and other student costs recom mended that tuition charges be onethird of the instructional cost per student This means that tuition will rise in direct relation to teacher salaries equipment and other costs Currently tuition ranges from 22 to 32 per cent depending on the institution a board staff member said The subcommit tee recommended Monday the be fully implemented by 1980 The recommendation how ever would be contingent on approval by the General As sembly and the governor of corresponding increases in grants by the Illinois State Scholarship Commission for in financial need Fifteen recommendations dealing with short and long range goals were adopted by the f ivemember subcommittee They will be discussed further at a meeting of the JW1 11member committee probably later this month The committee composed of seven members of the higher board three students and a pri vate citizen was formed by the higher board in March Other recommendations ap proved by toe subcommittee in clude Reaffirmation of board policy limiting tuition waivers by a particular college to two per cent of the annual fall undergraduate fullterm enroll ment The tuition waivers are given at the choice of the in stitution which is not required to follow set criteria Included are athletic scholarships The higher board adopted the two per cent quota in 1970 The subcommittee recommended that it be fully Implemented by fall 1975 Elimination of thepractice by the scholarship commission t of giving tuition and fee waivers in blocks of The subcom mittee recommended that the waivers be made in whatever amounts the students re quire Recommended that colleges and universities apply more funds to student financial aid and student employment cam pus offices The subcommittee still is investigating the wider area of student employment Index Fair and cold tonight with chance of frost low 35 to 40 Wednesday mostly sunny continued cool high 65 to 70 Dry Thursday through Satur day highs in the 70s lows from the upper 30s to mid 40s Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family Living Records Weather details map Youth 1012 27 4 6 13 1514 13 5 Santo Domingo AP Terrorists are holding firm to their demand for million in ransom for a woman U S em bassy official and six other hos tages a churchman said to day At an improvised news con ference after a 5minute talk will the terrorists who are hol ed up in the Venezuelan con sulate Santo Domingo Bishop Hugh Polanco Brito said I want you to know one thing they have not lessened their original demands The de the release of 37 political pris oners from Dominican jails The bishops statement con flicted with an earlier report that the terrorists may have abandoned their million ran som demand With the siege going into the fifth day State Department spokesman John King said in Washington that the six leftist guerrillas demands seem to have boiled down to safe con duct out of the country for themselves and 37 terrorists in mands were for million and I Dominican prisons He said that the earlier money demand had not been repeated The question now Is on whose side is time one Dominican official said He confirmed that the guer rillas have set three deadlines but each has passed without the threat to start begin killing the hostages being carried out The captives include Barbara Hutchison director of the U S Information Service in the Do minican Republic Venezuelan Consul Jesus de Gregorio and others Federal pay increase sef Meat prices drop now Washington AP President Ford today set at 552 per cent the pay raise for federal employes rejecting proposals for a larger in crease The salary increase for an estimated 35 million civilian and military employes goes into effect immediately Ford had sought to delay the raises for three months but the Senate voted 10 days ago to grant the salary increase on Oct1 as scheduled Even with the Senate action however it still was up to the President to set the precise size of the increase In a White House statement Ford uld he was approving the figure rec ommended by his director of the Office of Management and Budget and the chairman of the Civil Service Commission Federal employes union rep resentatives had proposed an 94 per cent increase The advisory Committee on Federal Pay rec ommended a 72 per cent hike i Washington AP A decline in prices paid farmers for cattle and hogs holds out a possibility of lower retail prices this fall higher prices for meat later on Elsewhere on the economic scene airline costs may be headed upward and a 10centa gallon gasoline tax remains under study by the govern meet The Agriculture Department reported Monday that its farm price index declined two per cent from Aug 15 to Sept 15 the first drop since spring But the report contained a warning of possible future problems It attributed much of the decline to lower farm prices for cattle and hogs because farmers have been sending more to market This could mean lower meat prices at retail later this fall if the middlemen pass the reductions along but said the Agriculture Department at least part of the extra animals are breeding stock which means there will be fewer pigs and cattle next year and therefore less meat later on Thats what happened earlier during similaj cutbacks by poultry farmers Eggs and poultry went up 13 per cent the following month
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