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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - September 30, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondala 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 13 Walnol Harrin 2 N 16th Volume 82No 23015c a Copy uthern lUinoisan 010175 IN T A LS NEWSPAPERS BOX 789 DECATUH ILL 62525 2 Sectlo Successor to CirbomUlt rnt fnu Dilly Journil Murphysboro MONDAY SEPT 174 CarbendaleHeiTlnMurphysbort Popcorn Eds nose Ok I sniffs out phonies By Judy Johnson Associated Press Writer Valley City ND AP Popcorn Eds nose saves him from bankruptcy A customer unfamiliar with Ed may wonder why the pop corn vendor sniffs fingers and jerks a dollar bill offered for a bag of popcorn But it is the only way 80 yearold Ed Artis known as Popcorn Ed can be sure he wont end up with a cash register full of useless paper at the end of the day The eyes behind his dark glasses were blinded 33 years ago but Ed says he doesnt need to see to run the stand in this town of 8000 about 90 miles east of Bismarck Tall and thin he moves with confidence in the cramped 8 by 16foot wooden stand which houses a popcorn machine freezer refrigerator and coun ter I know exactly where everything is said Artis reaching unerringly for a pop corn bag I can tell real money by the smell he said Real dollar bills have a kind of gooey smell Its hard to des cribe I feel the bill with my fingers and thumbs he said There are fine pieces of silk in real money You cant snap it in two Fake money feels no fiber in it The popcorn man says his expertise comes from 25 years of selling popcorn candy and soft drinks A wire mesh separates him and his customers but it wasnt always that way Until a few years ago I had an open counter he said I used to have the candy right up there in front Its just the last few years the kids started stealing Doctors await cancer report 1 Washington AP As First Lady Betty Fords doctors awaited a crucial pathology report to determine the extent of her cancer they reported today she had spent a much more restful night and that her condition is good A medical bulletin prepared by doctors at the Bethesda Md naval hospital said Mrs Ford has had some mild tem perature elevation typical of a postoperative course They said all laboratory data and vital signs are within normal limits and said Mrs Ford has been sitting in a chair and walking for short intervals and is taking fluids this morn ing Examination of tissues removed in Saturdays operation will show how far the cancer spread in the breast and whether any other tissues are involved On the basis of these tests the doctors will determine future treatment and estimate Mrs Fords chances for full recovery from the cancer that caused removal of her right breast Navy Capt William Fouty who operated on Mrs Ford said he probably would receive the report today and other hospital sources reported it should be ready by noon It was not known when the doctors would complete heir evaluation of the pathology report and inform the Ford family or when it would be made public But Assistant White House Press Secretary William Roberts said there would be an announcement and a public report from the doctors on the results Mrs Ford was progressing satisfactorily although the doc tors reported some fatigue and the usual discomfort that follows major surgery The First Lady sat up and walked a few steps Sunday and doctors said she could begin eating today After two Sunday visits with his wife President Ford said she was feeling very well but a little tired He added I think thats a normal reaction Strains of music Sifein Wood River State offers million for coaltogas plant i i MOmA ICt Wlftl Til 1 Congressional support Gas fax gaining favor Washington AP A special tax on gasoline Is gaining favor in the ad ministration but Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield said Monday he did not believe Congress would ap prove the ID to 20cents per gallon tax hike reportedly under consideration Mansfield said that if the new levy were enacted it should not apply to families with incomes of less than to because they must have gasoline to get to work and for other essential purposes If gasoline consumption must be curtailed the only fair way to do it would be through rationing Mansfield added A White House source had said earlier that Ford is con sidering an increase in the federal tax on gasoline of anywhere from 10 to 20 cents a gallon We know the public wont be happy about this and we cant be sure Congress will go along the source said But we mink its something that would help Other elements of the economic program are expected to include help for the housing industry in the form of mortgage interest subsidies budget cuts a public service r employment program and somel tax relief for groups hurt worst by inflation Index Tonight clear and colder Low in the upper 30s or low 40s Tuesday sunny high in the low 70s Cool and dry Wednesday low in the 50s Warmer Thursday and Friday with highs in the 70s Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sports Weather details map 1315 19 4 6 5 17 1112 17 Illinois has pledged million to help build an esti mated million plant at Wood River that would con vert coal Into crude oil or gas The pledge made Friday and announced by Gov Daniel Walkers office far exceeds offers by Kentucky and Okla homa officials to locate the plant in their states Kentucky has offered million and Ok lahoma million the gov ernors office said in a state ment A federal decision on where to locate the plant is expected in about month It would be a demonstration project to prove the economic feasibility of converting coal into oil which would be refined to produce gasoline or another petroleum product Hydrocarbon Research Inc the firm that would build and operate the plant has pinpointed potential sites at Wood River Ashland Ky and Tulsa Okla The Wood River site is near the Amo co Oil Co refinery Hydrocarbon is supported by five large oil companies Standard Oil of Richfield Ex xon Atlantic Richfield Ash land Oil Co and Sun Oil Co The coaltooil plant the technical name is coal liquef action expected to take four years to build and put in full operation According to the governors office the federal govern ment will pay twothirds of the plants cost after state funds have been provided with the balance paid by the private firm Illinois pledge came at a meeting in Washington DC Friday attended by officials of the federal Office of Coal Research officials of Hydro carbon Research and the Illi nois delegation Illinois funds would come from a million energy bond program enacted this year by the Illinois General Assembly The federal share would come from funds pro vided by Congress for private industry to experiment with ways to change coal to synthe tic crude oil and gas Although the process of con verting coal to oil or gas is not discovered they could do it in the 19th hasnt been pro ven commercially feasible in meeting current energy needs The demonstration plant would attempt to prove the process feasibility In previous experiments Hydrocarbon Research has found that a ton of Illinois No 6 coal can be converted Into four barrels of synthetic crude oil Although it is not known how many persons the coalto oil plant would employ if loc ated at Wood River state offi cials had estimated the plant could employ up to 200 non technical people plus scien tists and researchers If the results of the demon stration plant prove econom ically feasible its estimated that largescale commer cial plants would be larger than the nations largest re fineries and employ more than 1000 The governors office said the proposed plant would be the largest facility to convert coal to crude or fuel oil in the nation A federal decision on the plant location is expect ed in about a month it said Illinois pledge if accepted will have to be approved by the Energy Resources Com mission that is being formed to guide spending of the million coal development bond program The commissioa is expected to hold its first meet tag in two weeks Sirica orders separate coverup trial for Strachan Workman up in air Bob Towns of Golconda sits about 70 feet in the air di recting the placement of pil ings for a new bridge over Mud Creek between Carbon dala and Murphysboro Con ttruetion of the bridge is part of the widening project on Illinois 13 Washington AP US District Judge John J Sirica today ordered a separate Watergate coverup trial for former White House aide Gordon Strachan The order leaves five defend ants to face charges in the main coverup trial scheduled to begin Tuesday Strachans lawyer John M Bray told reporters as he left the US District Courthouse to day weve been severed from the coverup case The action had been requested by Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski Sirica also was expected to rule today on whether he will allow typed transcripts to be used along with some 33 presidential tapes the prosecu tion wants as evidence at the trial scheduled to start Tues day A separate request from Strachan that the conspiracy obstruction of justice and per jury charges against him be dismissed was denied without prejudice by Sirica The fact that the motion was denied without prejudice means Strachan can raise the issue again later The separate trial for Strachan is based upon a special legal problem The onetime personal assistant to White House chief of staff H R Haldeman claims the evidence used to indict him Is tainted Strachans attorney has said Strachan was promised Im munity from prosecution In ex change for testimony before a Watergate grand jury In a series of appeals Bray also said his clients testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee was also improperly used to obtain the indict ment Two US Court of Appeals judges while refusing to dismiss the charges against Strachan acknowledged that bis legal argument has merit The others scheduled to be tried are Former Atty Gen John N Mitchell former chief of staff H R Haldeman former Nixon domestic counselor John D Ehrlichman and two men who worked for Nixons reelection committee former assistant Atty Gen Robert C Mardian and committee lawyer Kenneth W Parkinson All are charged with con spiracy to obstruct justice by attempting to keep investigators from learning who was responsible for the June 1972 Watergate breakin and who knew about it The grand jury that indicted the men last March 1 also voted to name thenPresident Nixon as a coconspirator Nixon has been subpoenaed as both a prosecution and defense witness but his health has put his appearance at the trial in doubt School in Montgomery Ala AP Wirephoto Embassy employe still held Santo Domingo AP US Embassy Barbara Hutchison was reported in good spirits but un comfortable today Inside the sweltering Venezuelan Consulate where sixleftist terrorists held her and five other persons hostage under threat of death Early today the gunmen demanded that police and troops pull back from the twostory stucco building within two hours but the government did not comply and the deadline passed without any evidence of hostile action by the ter rorists Miss Hutchison has not been maltreated is in good spirits and is being treated as well as she can under the conditions said US Ambassador Robert A Hurwitch But she is not com fortable Miss Hutchison director of the US Information Service in the Dominican Kepubllc V e nezuelar ConsulGeneral Jesus de Gregorio and the others were seized Friday and threatened with death unless the terrorists got million and safe conduct to Cuba or Mexico for themselves and 37 Dominican prisoners The government rejected all the demands except transporta tion out of the country tor the terrorists On Saturday he government cut off the consulates electrici ty which in turn shut down the air conditioning and water pumps The temperature inside the building has ranged between 9095 degrees and the gunmen have refused to open the win dows apparently afraid the hostages would try to escape On Saturday one hostage leaped to freedom from a secondfloor window The six hostages and their captors got their first food and drink in 24 hours Sunday when Archbishop Hugo Polanco took sandwiches and soft drinks into the consulate Police sources said the government had agreed to the delivery of food and other necessities twice a day Ford asks world cooperation on economic moompnt a hiehlv industrialized nations to an incomes policy in restraining Washington AP President Ford told govern ment financial officials from around the world today that economic problems are serious and complex but the United States believes they can be solved through international cooperation In his text for the opening of the annual meeting here of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund Ford said think I can sum up our thinking very briefly We want solutions which serve broad in terests rather than narrow self serving ones We want more cooperation not more isolation We want trade not protec tionism We want price stability not inflation We want growth not stagnation Ford declared that the United States is prepared to play a constructive leadership role He described the major economic problems u worldwide inflation at a rate far in excess of what we can tolerate unparalleled disrup tions in the supply of the worlds major commodities and severe hindrances to the real growth and progress of many nations including in particular some of the poorest among us We in America view these problems soberly and without rosetinted glasses Ford said But we believe that the same spirit of international coopera tion which brought forth Bretton Woods agreements a generation ago can resolve the difficulties we face today Accords reached at Bretton Woods NH at the end of World War II fashioned an interna tional monetary system that functioned essentially unchang ed until the early 1970s The IMF has been seeking to draft a replacement system World Bank President Robert S McNamara also addressing the meeting called on the oil producing opuntrlM jaA tbJ highly industrialized nations to provide billion over the next five years to assist people in poorer nations He said the increasingly turbulent world economic scene has created a desperate situa tion for the poorest of the developing countries whose people have incomes of less than per year H Johannes Witteveen managing director of the IMF called on industrial nations to consider using wage and price pontrolf known to economisti u an incomes policy in restraining inflation He said without such controls may be very difficult to restrain cost pressures and achieve price moderation except at theexpense of more slack and unemployment over a longer period Attempts to control wages and pricesi Witteveen said are generally ineffective when there is excess demand in the economy but he said that ex cess demand has diminish He said the present situation is one in which the pressure of demand on resources is easing while the increase in wages and prices remains high Therefore the use of in comes policy at that juncture could prove to be relatively ef fective and considerably hopeful without it I must emphasize it may be very dif ficult to restrain cost pressures and achieve price moderation except at the expense of more slack and unemployment over a tongtr period Witteveen said The dominant feature of the international monetary picture he said results from the in crease in petroleum prices The major oilexporting countries will realize a surplus of about billion in 1974 he said while the oilimporting countries will have matching deficits Witteveen said that the IMF should play a substantial role in recycling the funds that are pil ing up in the oilproducing countries back into flie world monetary system
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