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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - September 16, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondale 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut win 212 N 16th Volume 82No 218lic a Copy Southern lUinoisan 2 Pages Succesuito Cirbonda It Fm PIMI Htrrln Dally Jmirnil Murphyibora Independent MONQAY SEPT W 1W4 Ford amnesty policy Two years of service Washington AP President Ford proclaimed a conditional amnesty program today requiring up to two years of alternate service as the price for forgiveness of Vietnam war deserters and draft evaders I do not want to delay another day ir resolving the dilemmas of the past so that we may all get going on the press ing problems of the present Ford said as he signed orders to Initiate his program The program includes the alternate service requirement for men who fled the draft or deserted the military and a clemency review board to deal with the cases of mer already convicted or being punished for draft evasion or desertion I Maximum service will be 24 months for 50000 deserters evaders who are covered Republican congressional leaders and White House spokesmen stressed the word clemency rather than amnesty in describing the program Ford announced the program and signed the orders in a brief nationally broadcast and televised appearance in the Cabinet House Room of the White My sincere hope is that thi is a constructive step toward calmer and cooler appreciatia of our individual rights anc responsibilities and our common purpose as a nation whos future is alwaysmore importan than its past the Presiden said Key elements of the amnesty program The earned reentry re Former NY Sen Goodell will head clemency board Washington AP President Ford Monday designated former Republican senator Charles E Goodell of New York a critic of the Viet nam War to be chairman of the ninemember Presidential Clemency Board that will con sider the cases of draft evaders and deserters already convicted by military or civilian courts Goodell 46 now isin private law practice He is an old friend of the President The other board members pare Dr Ralph Adams 59 presi dent of Troy State University Troy Alabama James P Dougovita 28 a decorated Vietnam veteran who is a full time teaching aide tf minority students in the Department of Applied Technology Michigan Tech University Los Angeles Lawyer former Robert H Secretary Finch 51 of Health Education and Welfare and White House counselor in the 57 of presi Notre Nixon administration The Rev Theordor Hesburgh dent of University Dame Also Vernon E Jordan 39 executive director of the Na tional Urban League James Maye 31 executive director of Paralyzed Veterans of America headquartered in Washington Mrs AideCasanas OConnor 52 assistant counsel to the New quirement for alternate service by who fled service anc now wanted to return home They would be required to turn themselves in before Jan 31 1975 and to spend up to 24 months in public service jobs generally in line with the service required of conscientious objec tors in the past The period of service could be reduced in cases where there are mitigating circumstances The clemency system for men already convicted or punished for dodging military duty A ninemember board would review these cases as equitably and as impartially as is humanly possible Ford said The cases of men now im prisoned would be reviewed first and their confinement would be suspended as soon as possible pending the boards review All told the program could cover asmany as 50000 young men depending on the response of the individuals involved in draft cases The clemency board has been instructed to give priority companying the executive order establishing the program Ford did not specify the precise kinds of alternate service that would be required But the White House press of fice said there would be a ban on jobs for which there are more numerous qualified ap plicants than jobs available1 The press office also said pay would compare reasonably with that of men or women entering military service All participants in the pro gram w ou 1 d have to acknowledge allegiance to the United States Officials said approximately 15500 draft evaders are poten tially eligible for clemency Of these about 8700 already have jeen convicted an additional 4350 are under indictment and 2250 are under investiga ion Of those under indictment 4060 are listed as fugitives and an estimated 3000 of them are in Canada Officials said 130 persons are presently serving prison President Ford meeting today with Speaker Carl Albert AP Wirephote consideration to individuals tences for draft evasion currently confined the White presumably are House press office said in a fact sheet The President alsodias asked that their confinement be suspended as soon as possible pending the boards The President also provided or a new type of military discharge discharge a that clemency go to York Division of Housing and military personnel who Community Renewal in New York City and retired Marine Gen Lewis W Walt 61 satisfactorily participated in the clemency plan In a proclamation and ac sen and for release pending reviews of their cases by the clemency board The officials said some 50000 incidents of desertion falling within the scope of the clemency program were recorded during the Vietnam war They said ap proximately 12500 deserters are still at large with about 1500 of them in Canada About 660 deserters are now serving sentences awaiting trial or are Haig says former Nixon aides will resign soon Washington AP President Fords revamping of the White House staff is ex pected to pick up speed and produce a series of resignations after the imminent departure of staff chief Alexander M Haig Jr In an interview with the As sociated Press Haig said Keneth R Cole plans to resign as director of the domestic council a position he took over last year from Watergate casualty John D Ehrlichman Another White House official said it also was likely that Ford will replace Jerry Jones as staff secretary a key post in the White House management under resigned President Richard M Nixons setup Haig said his own resignation will be announced shortly but he would not confirm w i d Be spread expectations that he will be named commander of Amer1 ican and NATO forces in Eur ope Robert T Hartmann a close personal adviserto Ford said the new President will change the White House staff structure in major waysbut said he did not anticipate a real Stalinlike purge of Nbiob administration holdovers At present nothing is fixed he said inan interview with the magazine US News and World Report My guess is that what will evolve eventually will not be a military general staff or a corporate pyramid Theyre still going to need a chief of staff a Haig associate But Ford people have privately indicated little en thusiasm for the idea talking in terms of a weak staff chief rather than a powerful figure likeHaig Clay t Whitehead a resign ing Nixon appointee says Fords advisers are concerned about military influence on the presidential staff Citing Haig as an example Whitehead said on Sunday on the CBSTVs Facethe Nation program There have been a number of military officers Higher education hearing in Carbondale Master Plan Phase IV studied doing substantive staff jobs in the White House If Haigs resignation is followed by those ofCole and Jones who was appointed at Haigs behest no Nixon men would remain in a position to exert major direct influence on the flow of paper and people to the Oval Office The first weeks of the Ford a d m i n i s tration produced divisions between Haig and his and Prisoners exchanged on Cyprus NicosiaCyprus AP Greek and Turkish Cypriots exchanged sick arid wounded prisoners today in the first ma jor release of captives since the ceasefire a month ago On the Greek side of Nicosia shouting and weeping men and women jammed the streets and joyously mobbed four buses carrying the raggedrlooking Most of the freed captives 129 Turkish Cypriots and 116 Greek Cypriots were civilians andall appeared in good condi tion A few were barefoot and all were dressed in shabby civilian clothes Public hearings on Illinois fourth longrange plan for higher education in little more than a decade opened in Car bondale today About 70 persons attended the session in the student cen ter of Southern Illinois Uni versity at Carbondale Those attending broke into small study groups at the be ginning of the conference and planned to spend most of the day discussing what the long range document Master Plan Phase IV should say The Carbondale meeting is one of three scheduled around the state this week by the Illinois Board of Higher Edu cation The board hopes to have a new master plan com pleted by next September The new longrange plan will succeed one approved in early 1971 before enrollments at state universities and mon ey available for higher edu cation began to decline Opening todays conference IBHE member James Unland of Pekin said the meeting was arranged for the purpose of allowing interested citizens to express their viewpoints re garding what they would like higher education in this state to be and how they would propose that we arrive at this goal Simply put that is what a master plan is he said It is a statement of general and specific goals and a plan and timetable for achieving them For the period it is in ef fect it serves as the qualita tive measure of our everyday efforts to provide educational services for the citizens of this state Unland said the board iden tified six reasons why a new master plan was necessary apparent leveling of enrollments need to reassess the mission of each public college and university within the con text of such leveled enroll ments continued need for more flexible nontraditional ap proaches to providing higher education services completion of the statewide expansion of the public community college sys tem increasing interrelat edness of all postsecondary educational efforts public and private and the necessity to consider how to best coordin ate the overall effort need to determine adequate sources of financial support The board has identified 17 major issues to be studied in the development of the new master plan They range from goals of higher education to thedevelopment of programs to increase minority arid wom en student enrollments After this weeks round of public hearings concludes a summary of the conferences will be presented to the board Study groups will then be ap pointed to develop the new plan after which at least eight more public hear ings will be held on the docu ment We have no hidden agen das nor are we here for ap pearances Unland told toe group today SIUC President Hiram H Lesar welcomed conference participants today IBHE exe cutive director Cameron West also attended the session aides on the one hand some veterans of Fords vice presidential staff Haig acknowledged there have compiei ieen a few anticipated frici French We are progressing but believe that we are not ye completely in the last hours been a few anticipated friciFrench Foreign Minister Jean tions Terrorists tree two hostages The Hague Netherlands AP Japanese terrorists released two women hostages from the French Embassy early today but continued to hold nine male hostages including French Ambassador Jacques Senard Physician quoted Nixon condition reported critical New York AP Newsweek magazine quotes the personal physician to resigned President Richard M but described most published reports about staff feuding as overdrawn Hartmann said the differences reflected exasperation oh the part of longtime Ford associates who could not un derstand why others did nol adapt immediately to Fords method of doing business James Unland Photo by BvTch Niviow Orphanage official funds gone Carmi AP Aspokesman for the Illinois Baptist State Association said today an official of its Carmi childrens home and of the homes money have been1 missing since Aug 31 The spokesman identified the official as James Paynt er business and economic de velopment director of the Bap tist Childrens Home The loss is covered by a bond No charges have been filed Ford news conference set tonight Washington AP President Ford will hold a news conference to be broadcast on television and radio from the East Room at 7 pm CDT today a spokesman said The session will be the second of Fords f iveweekold presidency Sauvagnargues said in Paris Dutch Premier Joop den Uyl said in a television interview there are so many uncertain factors in this that I cant tell you concretely I have a feeling that in the next 24 hoursa series of very difficult decisions will have to be taken by us He said a matter of special concern was that the three terrorists and the hostages were getting tired and edgy The terrorists seized the em bassy late Friday afternoon to gain the release of a Japanese Red Army colleague jailed in France France flew him to Amsterdam airport that even ing A police spokesman said the release of the two 22yearold women was the result of negotiations between the three terrorists andthe Dutch Justice Ministry He described the move as a significant step but he refused to confirm or deny reports from1 diplomatic sources that a deal for the remaining hostages was imminent Nixon as saying Nixons phlebitis condition has deteriorated until its going to ake a miracle for him to recover The physician Maj Gen Walter Tkach reportedly added that Nixons condition is so critical that he did not discuss Jie situation with Pat Nixon for fear of frightening her Nixons chronic phlebitis has swollen his left leg and Tkach ears a blood clot might form hat could lodge in the ex Presidents heart The doctor wants t o hospitalize Nixon and begin in travenous treatment with an ticoagulants that could prevent clots and keep the blood flow ing Tkach said he will continue trying to persuade Nixon to enter a hospital but the former President has said If I go into the hospital Ill never come out alive Newsweek also quoted an un named source close to the office of special Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski as saying Nixon knew in advance about the campaignintelligence unit that cbhauctedtthe Watergate break in Newsweek quoted other pro secution sources as saying Newly received White House tapes and other evidence will show Nixon knew the in telligence unit was ready to undertake Watergatestyle burglaries and wiretaps Nixon may have been In volved with attempts to use of fers of executive clemency to silence Watergate con spirators Nixons Watergate role should emerge quickly during the Watergate coverup trial to begin ct 1 of his former chief of staff H R Haldeman his ex domestic counselor John D ihrlichman and his former at orney general John N Mitch ell As Ford decided if mosf against pardon By Louis Harris c Chicago Tribune NY News Syndicate Atthe moment President Ford was deciding to grant former President Nixon a full pardon a i735 per cent majority of the American people felt it would e wrong for President Ford to jardon former President Nixon m the grounds that he has suf fered enough In a survey completed Sept 6 two days before President Fords dramatic announcement about a pardon for the former President 5835 per cent agreed if the Watergate grand jury sees fit to indict former President Nixon as a coconspirator in the Watergate coverup it would be right to indict him and have him Harris survey stand trial By a 23point margin the public saidj in effect that even though Richard Nixon had resigned as president if he had committed possible crimes he should have to stand before the of private citizen would be com pelled to do In granting the full and sweeping pardon President Ford laid on the line the sizable reservoir of good will toward his ac first SHOWERS Index Showers and thunderstorms likely tonight low 57 to 62 Tuesday 30 per cent chance of showers andthunderstorms hign 77 to 82 Fair Wednesday high 70s and low in 50s Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Farm Family living Records Sports Weather details map 1316 19 4 5 6 1617 1112 17 administration that had cumulated during his month in office His overall job rating stood at 6720 per cent positive and a remarkable 87 per cent felt him to be a man of high integrity By 8W per cent a lopsided majority also predicted that he will run an open administration that will listen to the people a prospect in high favor among an electorate fed up with secrecy and nondisclosure from high places in government How much President Ford has now jeopardized the widespread approval accorded him in his first days in office how long any temporary reverses might linger and howmuch adverse public reaction to the pardon might affect Fords chances for elec tion in 1976 all remain to be seen
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