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   Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - September 10, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois                                PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Herrln 212 N Southern Dlinoisan Volume a Copy 2 Sections Supplement 36 Pages J SuetMtor 1o CarbondaM FrM Preu Hwrln Oilly Jouniil TUESDAY SEPT 10 1974 010175 Iff HOJ1E OFFICE BOX 789 Amtrak seeks rail repairs to allow 90 mpli trams Amtrak the national pas senger train corporation is asking Congress for mil lion to improve railroad tracks between Carbondale and Chicago If the money was granted the travel time could be cut from 5 to 4 hours accord ing to Richard Boyd Chicago Amtrak manager With the new roadbed trains could trar vel at speeds up to 90 mph Current speed averages 58 mph Boyd said toe money would be granted to the Illinois Cen tral Gulf Railroad for the track improvements Improvements would in clude new welded rails re placement of faulty ties new ballast some straightening of curves and other work The million would be spent over a fiveyear period beginning with million in 1975 Boyd said The new track could mean a Turbotrain such as is run ning now between Chicago and St Louis could be placed on the ChicagoCarbondale route Boyd said several other Mid west routes would be ahead of the ChicagoCarbondaJe one however Amtrak has several of those modern trains on order Amtrak plans to spend million improving three Illinois passenger train routes that serve Chicago and Downstate exclusively In addition the national rail passenger service plans to spend million on three routes between Chicago and outof statecities that have part of their track in Illinois The expenditures were part of a fiveyear improvement plan sent to Congress and the De partment of Transportation Monday The plan foresees spending billion on capital improvements and track upgrading to permit speeds of up to 110 miles per hour on some routes The biggest expenditure for a route exclusively Illinois would be million for the Louis route The money would go for track bed improvements grade separa tions and signal system better ment A spokesman for Amtrak wants to increase fl speed on the CbicagcSt Louisl routeto 110 mph Even though this route currently is served by two 125mph turbo trains the average route speed is 57 mph Also slated for upgrading were the ChicagoQuincy route with million set aside for im provements that would increase the average speed from 55 to 8f mph The third route on the list in Ford considers more pa ns J Washington AP President Ford today author ized a spokesman to announce that the question of pardons for fall those connected with the Watergate scandals is now trader study Acting Press Secretary John W Hushen startled reporter with the unexpected disclosur and said can give you no further guidance Hushen made it clear possibh pardons were being considerec for those already convicted of Watergaterelated crimes as well as those who may face tria In the future White House Counsel Philip Buchen had told reporters Sun day no thought had been given to such a question Hushen said he did not know whether the study was launched President studies cases of other Watergate principals before Fords nouncement of Sunday an unconditional parole for former President Richard M Nixon Hushen was asked by a re porter if he understood Lhe likely consequences of his anounce ujent and its impact on the American people Asked if he felt the scheduled Sept 30 trial of six key Water gate defendants could go for ward in the wake of the White House announcement Hushen said I believe it can I think those factors have been taken Into account h replied adding that the initia tion of a study did not mean pardons would be granted In first disclosing the study Hushen gave no indication o who had authorized the state ment Later in response to a question he said The Presi dent authorized me to make that Pardon for former Presiden Nixon has brought President Ford mounting criti cism and has sidetracked a Vietnam amnesty plan he was to have announced today Ford missed his own deadline for announcing terms of condi tional amnesty for Vietnamera deserters and draft evaders be cause he was focusing attention on Nixons pardon aides aid Now no time is set for Fords amnesty decision affecting some 50000 men The President wants more time to consider the complex uestions Several advocates of amnesty felt Fords postponing his de cision after the Nixon pardon might lead to a broader less conditional program for the Vietnam group But Hushen emphasized that Ford has not changed his view that unlike the full free and absolute pardon he gave Nixon Vietnam offenders must be judged casebycase category bycategory Ford has said his program includes the setting up of a ci vilian review board to adjudi cate individual cases He favors earned reentry for the exiles and war resisters who might be required to perform some ci vilian service for one to two years A high White House official said the delay resulted from the need for getting an awful lot of complex details put together not from a change in policy The Veterans of Foreign Wars appealed to Ford Monday not to relate the Nixon pardon to am nesty for draft dodgers and de serters They said the President should leave it to military anJ civilian courts to decide whether leniency is warranted Public reaction meanwhile was mounting in the first 48 hours after Fords surprise pardon announcement on Sun day The President got a chorus of boos amid applause from a crowd of about 500 outside a Pittsburgh hotel where he made a speech Monday morning There were chants of no more cover up and prosecute Nix on and demonstrators pro testing the Nixon pardon held signs with such continents as The honeymoon is over justice Died and Why not pardon all The White House switchboard continued to be jammed with calls throughout Monday The first 3000 calls Sunday night ran 2 to 1 against Fords decision a White House spokesman re ported By Monday night however the telephone sentiment had switched to 5050 said But there was overwhelming criticism in telegrams and mailgrams that Western Union estimated would total some 75000 messages by Monday night They were running 7 to 1 against Fords pardon Committee forms to impeach Ford By the Associated Press A National Committee to Im peach President Ford is being formed in California two Ohio ministers have called for a spe cial presidential election and an estimated 2000 persons demon strated in Wisconsin The moves came as continuing reaction to President Fords full pardon for former President Richard M Nixon for federal crimes he may have committed while chief executive Much of the reaction to Fords decision has been negative however it continued generally along party lines as it had Sun day when Ford announced the pardon In North Dakota a county judge freed two men he had sentenced to jail as an act of clemency in response to the pardon given Richard Nixon by Gerald Ford John L Smith 29 Manvel N D was released with 50 days to go on a 75day sentence or driv ing while under the influence of alcohol and ailing to appear in court He also escaped a fine Also set free was John M Kleinsasser 20 of Grand Forks who had three days to go on a 15day sentence for a traffic violation Its lucky for us theres good old President Ford said ex prisoner Smith Arthur M Schaffer a profes so of constitutional law at Western State University and former assistant district attor ney in San Francisco and Larry Schwartz history professor at San Diego City College said on Monday they are forming the impeachment committee Schaffer termed the pardon the ultimate coverup at tempting to foreclose any in vestigation indictment or trial of Mr Nixon Schaffer and Schwartz both were active in the American Civil Liberties Union campaign for the impeachment of Nix on I They accused Ford of ob structing justice by pardoning Niton and of destroying evi dence through the agreement which gives Nixon ownership of the Watergate tapes and allows him to destroy them after five years To grant a pardon for an in dividual who has not even been charged with a crime is un precedented in legal history Schaffer said In Cleveland Ohio the Revs Richard A Carley and Paul E Johnson termed the pardon a skin graft over a cancer and called for a special presidential election Ford thinks Watergate will go away but we are far from that said the Rev Mr Carley executive presbyter of the Presbytery of the Western Re serve of the United Presbyterian Church of the USA and the Rev Mr Johnson associate presbyter The Rev Mr Carley told Ford in a telegram that a special election was needed torestore the peoples trust The Wisconsin demonstrators who marched around the state Capitol at Madison in protest of the pardon also called for am nesty for Vietnam war draft evaders a token memorial for the overthrown Allende govern ment of Chile and an anniver sary memorial for the Attica N Y prison riot The thirdranking member of the Watergate prosecution force resigned Monday because the pardon eliminated a good part of his job I would not have resigned today if my responsibility hadnt Illinois is the daleine the line av erages 58 The spokesman said these lines can expect some new coaches capable of traveling more than 100 mph He said four new turbo trains would be put into service in the Midwest but that it has not been determined on which routes they would run Earlier Story Page 9 Textbooks touch off mne strike Girl with feeling The blue of the sky the white of the clouds and the Queen Annes lace before her are lost to Maria Figueroa of Loraine Ohio Maria is blind But she says she can feel the wind as It blows the flowers and her hair and therefore enjoys the late sum mer day AP Wirephoto Bill making alcoholism health problem vetoed Charleston W Va AP Federal marshals have been ordered into Kanawha County to prevent violence in a dispute over school textbooks that kept the countys 4500 coal miners off the job The order was issued Monday by U S District Court Judge Dennis R Knapp during con tempt hearings against protest ers accused of violating a tem porary restraining order by picketing coal mines railroads and manufacturing firms Within minutes a leader of me protest urged that miners go back to work The protest began a week ago when parents kept their children from class to protest English texts they consider a threat to petroleum religion and morali ty The parents contend some ar ticles in the books contain pas sages detrimental to their re ligious and moral beliefs and that some articles introduce their children to drugs and un patriotic beliefs Probe asked of Kissinger role in CIA Washington AP Rep Michael Harrington D Mass wants a House inquiry to determine whether Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger ap proved a CIA effort to under mine former Marxist Chilean President Salvador Allende Harrington believes Kissinger gave the goahead He cited what he said was testimony from CIA Director William E Colby that the millionplus effort was approved by the 40 Committee The 40 Committee Is Kissin ger Harrington asserted in a telephone interview Monday It was then and it is now The State Department refused to comment directly but said decisions by the 40 Committee an action arm of he National Security Council must be made unanimously by all five high level members notjust Kissin ger RAIN Springfield AP been lightened 31yearold Legislation making drunken Philip A Lacovara said m an flnd alcoholism a comsm interview Monday Lacovara nity health problem instead of a said his responsibilities had in was seflt back to eluded developing legal and General Assembly today by policy arguments concerning the GovDaniel Walker said he approved of President under the law Sun the concept of the bill which days action by President Ford would have created a division of disposes of the question alcoholism within the Depart My Me is a rat race Hay harvested Gaither heads for Harvard By Barb Leebens Of The Southern Hlinoisan Excited and anticipating College We Angus Mack Gai ther 18 of Thompsonville will leave for Harvard Uni versity Thursday Like other college freshmen leaving their farm home for the first time Gaither is rush ing to pack his belongings and say goodbye to all of his friends He is worrying about new experiences Unlike other college fresh men Gaither is also on a hectic schedule to organize the lives of his mother and bro will not be taken care of prop erly while he is 1500 miles away from home My life is a rat race I dont want to forget anything I dont want to leave anything undone Gaither said As Thursday approached I am afraid that I will leave some thing behind or that I will forget something Since May Gaither a straightA student and a 1974 graduate of Thompsonville High School has been the breadwinner for his family His mother Cleta who used to help him on their 400acre ther both of whom suffered farm suffered a stroke strokes and need continuous Gaithers brother J C 32 suffered a stroke two years ago and has been almost com pletely incapacitated since then Gaithers father died care In the back of his mind something Gaither cannot readily verbalize Is the fear that nil mother and brother when hi U old He has suffered both emo tionally and mentally since May when he had to make several major decisions which would affect the lives of his family His plight became nationally known and offers of help came pouring in In June he decided to go to Harvard a lifelong dream Since then he has tried to find help to take care of his mother and brother to rent out his farm and to raise enough money to comfortably support his family while he is at college A total of has been deposited in the Angus Mack Gaither Trust Fund at the Bank of Bent on according to Howard Payne executive president From the letters that I have received lately I expect another before I leave Gaither said At one time financial ad visers estimated it would cost Gaither about a month to support his family while he was at Harvard Gaither said that he does not have anything near that amount but he will have to make do with what he has Two women from Thomp sonville will look in on his mother and brother daily His mother now is able to do some housework but still has not fully recovered ment of Mental Health and De velopmental Disabilities But he said he was vetoing the bill because the legislature had failed to appropriate funds for detoxification programs to be established under the new pro gram The governor said he would seek an appropriation during the 1975 session of the General Assembly and said he hoped the bill could be approved again in time to take effect by next Ju ly Walker signed a bill requiring the Mental Health Department to prepare a fiveyear plan and update it every two years The governor also vetoed a have to worry about college bill which would have required expenses thedepartment to obtain the As the time nears for his college departure Gaither has been selling tie rest of his cattle and hogs harvesting his hay and making plans for the October harvest of his soy bean crop Gaither will travel Thursday by car with another Harvard student Mark Maloney of Ridgway Freshmen orientation will begin Sunday School will start Sept 23 approval of the General Assem bly before closing or disconti nuing the use any mental health facility In other action Chance of showers tonight with low in upper 60s Wednet Walker signed a bill allow day chance of showers and ing the Illinois Commerce Com warm with high in lower 80s mission to consider charitable Some showers likely Thursday contributions by a public utility ending by Friday Highs as operating expenses if the Thursday through Saturday commission determined the mostly in 70s contributions were reasonable The governor signed legis lation allowing community bas ed mental health and retarda tion programs to receive pay ment from the state in advance for approved programs The Family living governor said an old law forced the facilities to wait until after the services were rendered to bill the state INDEX Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Records Weather details map 1316 19 4 10 1417 1112 17 I De Grazia fo fake leave from deputy governors fob LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield Victor de Grazia deputy to the governor will take an eight week leave of absence Sept 16 Nov 7 from his governmental Thetime is going by so duties Gov Daniel Walker said fast Gaither said Of today J C still needs some fter course I am nervous scared Purpose of the leave ac apy but I guess well have and somewhat apprehensive cording to the governors office but I am looking forward to is threefold this opportunity mat so many To permit de Grazia more With a fouryear Her people have helped me to oh time to work on to take care of that later Gaither said yard icfaolarshlp doN not tain umpaign to oppoM I November t referendum which if passed would take amendatory veto power away from the gov ernor Todevelop programs for legislative campaigns in the upcoming election and To coordinate Walkers role in the legislative contests with local organiza tions Walker said all the activities are more in the political arena ban governmental and should A more properly be funded throughthe Illinois Democratic Fund Walker established the IDF to help finance campaigns of can didates whom he supports The governor said de Grazia would perform some routine duties in government areas during his leave of absence but added that since practically all bis time will be spent on these special assignments IDF will pay his salary and expenses   

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