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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - September 9, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondale Murphysbero Harrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 14th Volume 82No 21215c a Copy oisan 010175 Ifc LIBRARY LS NEWSPAPERS BOX 789 62535 luccMior to Cirbondalt FrN Pritt Hwrln Dally Journal Murphyibore I MONDAY 91974 CarbendaleHerrlnMurphysbwn Ford gets protest at Nixon pardon President Ford announces pardon for former President Nixon AP Wirephoto Southern Illinoiscms comment Many say pardon unequal He Nixon isnt any bet ter than the rest of them that have to go to jail said Mrs Ernest Penrod of Dongola to day Like most other Southern Illinois residents contacted to day Mrs Penrod disagrees with Presidents Fords Sun day pardon of former Presi dent Nixon Although there was a smat tering of support for Nixon persons contacted at random by telephone opposed the pardon Many mentioned unequal treatment for Nixon as compared to others involv ed in the Watergate breakin Barbara Clendenin of Mar lon has mixed feelings about Nixons pardon but generally believes if youve committed a crime regardless of whe ther you are a president or a common man you should have the same treatment Jackie Lee of 502 Illinois In Ava said I thought Ford would do that but I dont think it is fair True his fam ily will suffer lots of humility but just because he was Presi Arect politicians say pardon was inevitable Story on page dent he shouldnt be treated any different Mrs Lee also thought Ford granted the par don as a planned favor to Nixon Mary Eovaldi of 451 N 15th St Murphysboro said I was against Ford granting Nixon a pardon because of all the other men sent to prison guilt ty of the same crimes and I think Nixon should have to stand trial too Im a good strong Republican too Patty Gilmore of Rt 5 Mur physboro had a different reaction to the pardon She said I dont believe the for mer President was guilty so I thought the pardon was good I think the whole thing was a conspiracy against Nixon Mrs Earl Albright Jr of Rt 1 Herrin said she thinks Nixon was involved in the Watergate affair and the facts should have been brought out before his resigna tion But she said she doesnt think Nixon should have been pardoned I dont see that he should get out of serving like the others she said I think he should have gotten it just like the rest of them In predominantly Democra tic Franklin County however Nixon still has at least one supporter Moetta Burgess 603 S Lin cob West Frankfort said she thinks President Ford took the right step in granting Nixon a pardon All 88 aboard TWA jetliner die in crash Athens Greece AP All 88 persons aboard a TWA Jetliner that crashed Sunday in the Ionian sea are believed dead At least 17 of the 79 passengers and three of the nine crew members we re Americans The Boeing 707 jet was en route from Tel Aviv to Los Angeles with stops in Athens Rome and New York It plunged into a stormy sea 60 miles west of Kefallinia island 40 minutes after leaving Athens By midmorning today about 40 bodies had been recovered from the sea by freighters and ships of the US 6th Fleet Helicopters from the carrier Independence dropped flares during the night to help the ships locate bodies and wreckage from the plane A telephone caller in Beirut reported that an organization called the Nationalist Youth for the Liberation of Palestine had sabotaged the plane But the Palestine Liberation Organiza tion the umbrella group for the major guerrilla organizations said the call was a hoax and a Zionist fiction to discredit the Palestinian cause The Greek merchant marine ministry said an Alitalia plane reported seeing the 707 plung ing steeply into the sea with one engine on fire shortly before noon Search pilots flying over the site soon after said all they saw were remnants of wreckage and bodies floating on the surface TWA officials said 49 of the passengers boarded at Tel Aviv and another 30 got on in Athens It said 17 of those who boarded in Israel were Americans in cluding one infant I feel that he suffered enough she said He had to give up the most import ant office anyone could ever have I dont feelthat he need ed to go through anymore While Mrs Burgess said she does not know whether Nixon was involved in the Water gate coverup enough to be criminally prosecuted she said Hedid handle it wrong whether he had a partin it or not Mrs Galen Sizemore 326 N Division Du Quoin said I think he just got punished enough doing what he had to do stepping down from the office of the president All I think about this politician stuff is its been done down through the ages and hes just the one that got caught Its a dirty deal all the way around John P Phillips 2006 Wood river Dr Carbondale said I think they should have waited a while Whats it go ing to do to the other indict ed people Everybody may not get treated the same Pensions forielons bill vetoed Pittsburgh Pa AP President Ford today en countered the first signs of public protest over his uncondi tional pardon of Richard M Nixon a surprise move that pushed his young administration into the backwash of Watergate The honeymoon is over one sign proclaimed in red letters as Ford arrived at a downtown hotel for a speech to an urban transportation conference His pardon for Nixon Sunday ruptured his rapport with Congress and sparked the pro test resignation of a top aide More than a dozen signs pro testing the Nixon pardon were sprinkled through a crowd of nore than 500 persons who waited on the sidewalk for Fords arrival Several of the signs demanded amnesty for Vietnam draft registers and Nixon top aides There Is law no justice Pardon all criminals said one sign No pardon Nixon trial first said another and one said Okay Jerry now pardon war resisters Newsmen a few feet from Ford heard no booing or catcalls as the President shook hands with those along the rope bar riers The crowd applauded as he passed Presidential advisers In Washington were assessing the 20 words tell power of pardon Washington AP The presidential power to grant pardons is expressed in file Constitution in 20 words contained in Article II Section 2 The provision says He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for of fenses against the United States except in cases of impeach ment probable political damage from Fords disclosure of a free full and absolute pardon for Nixon for any criminal conduct during his presidency The pardon was followed within minutes by a Nixon statement of remorse at my mistakes over Watergate And in the ensuing hours there were three major disclosures and develop ments Jerald F terHorst a close Ford friend and adviser quit as White House press secretary saying mercy like justice must be evenhanded and I couldnt in good conscience support the Presidents decision even though I knew he took that action in good con science Many Democrats and some Republicans in Congress voiced dismay at the pardon con tending it set a double standard of justice But other Republicans including Vice Presidentdesignate Nelson A Rockefeller hailed it as an act of compassion and courage Lawyers for former Nixon aides and associates began reshaping their strategy for the Watergate coverup trial and at least one defendant H R Haldeman planned new efforts to delay the trial now set to begin Sept 30 Ford aides made public an agreement they had reached with Nixon to preserve his White House files for at least three years for possible court use But the agreement allows the former president to destroy any White House tape recordings after September 1979 Although Fords announce ment caught the capital and the country by surprise sources said it had been preceded by 10 days of legal deliberations and negotations with Nixon and special Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski It also represented a reversal of Fords previous public statements During his vice presidential confirmation hear ings Ford said I do not think the public would stand for such a pardon terHorst resigns inprotest White House Press Secretarj JeraldF terHorst has abruptly saying his credibility as spokesman for Presiden Ford was irrevocably tarnishec in the pardoning of Richard M Nixon The President acted in good conscience and I also found ii necessary to resign in good conscience terHorst said later TerHorst will be succeeded ai least temporarily by John W Hushen who becomes acting press secretary Hushen 38 who had been top spokesman at the Justice Department for four years joined the White House press office three weeks ago as deputy to terHorst Hushen like terHorst a former Detroit News reporter said he did not disagree with Ford on the pardon TerHorst 52 a veteran Washington career has with Fords newsman whose been intertwined off and on since 1948 was not consulted about the pardon White House sources Gov Chicago AP said he learned of it Saturday Daniel Walker vetoed when it came time to prepare In a telephone interview from his Alexandria Va home Hurricane Carmen calms two dead sugar ravaged legislation Mondaywhich would for a public announcement of have allowed state employes Fords surprise decision convicted of crimes to retain their pension benefits Under Illinois law state emterHorst said his conscience told ployes covered by any one of 17 him it was unfair for Nixon to be pension plans automatically pardoned while his former become ineligible for benefits if subordinates continue to be convicted of a felony arising out prosecuted for Watergate 01 their official duties related crimes Walker said the bill sponsored by Sen David C Shapiro R Amboy would have permitted felon to retain his pension benefits Weve labeled it the Future Felons Protection Act the governor said Defense team changes tactics in coverup case Washington AP Defense lawyers in the Watergate coverup case are reshaping their strategies hop ing the unconditional pardon of former President Richard M Nixon will turn the jury their way or even result in dismissal of charges At least one defendant H R Haldeman planned to make new efforts at delaying the sixman conspiracy trial scheduled to begin Sept 30 President Fords free full and absolute pardon of Nixon for all offenses he may have committed while President does not extend to the numerous j former Nixon lieutenants Although the grand Hope pardon of Nixon will sway jury Mardian and Kenneth W Parkinson President Fords action does not mean the end of Nixons legal involvement however He has been subpoenaed by Ehrlichman his former chief domestic adviser as a witness at the trial and numerous civil suits name him as a defen jury named Nixon an unindicted co conspirator in the case no charges had been brought against him But Fords counsel Philip Buchen said I think it would be very likely that he would be indicted He said there were lots of recedents for pardons in ad vance of charges citing one during the administration of Woodrow Wilson and others granted by Abraham Lin coln As far as I know no thought has been given to granting pardons to the coverup defen dant The pardon applies only to all offenses against the United States during his presidency That would preclude any federal 1 prosecutions for income tax fraud for example but not state charges if brought Legal sources said that as a witness at the coverup trial Nixon will not be able to claim his constitutional right against selfincrimination because we can no longer be prosecuted for any incriminating ad missions Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski was told of Fords decision by Buchen 45 minutes before the President signed the proclamation We really took nopart in the Presidents position except to be informed of it said a spokesman John Barker Jaworski said that this is a matter that was decided upon by the President on his authority under the Constitution It was something I didnt participatf in darits Buchen said They are in addition to Haldeman John D Ehrlichman John N Mitchell Gordon Strachan Robert C Memoirs may bring Nixon million New York AP Literary agent Irving Lazar says he will negotiate the sale of former President Nixons memoirs and he predicts the exchief executive will make more than million from sales of the book I think hes going to tell one of the great stories of all time Lazar said Sunday in I telephone interview After all hes the only man In the world who really knows what happen ed about Watergate Immune Nixon admits mistakes New Orleans AP Hurricane Carmen has sput tered out and dispersed over Louisiana and Texas after leav ing two dead and ravaging the Louisiana sugar cane crop But the storm did far less damage than officials had feared Authorities said about 14000 refugees remained in evacuation centers early today But thousands of others returned hcme as the storm disintegrated after missing thestates major population centers Carmen packing winds gusting up to 180 miles per hour had been heading straight north for New Orleans But it stalled for five anxious hours early1 Sunday then veered westward through marshland and hit Lafayette about dawn downgraded to a storm soon af It was tropical terward A lineman for Central Louisiana Electric Co was found Sunday hanging in downed power lines An 11year ok boy was electrocuted after the storm when he rode his bicycle over live wires And a man died in a stormrelated traffic accident Much of the states sugar cane crop lay in Carmens path Gov Edwin W Edwards who toured the state by airplane Sunday estimated that 75 per cent of the crop was destroyed at a cost of million Gilbert Durbin vice president and general manager of the American Sugar Cane League gave the same million estimate but said it represented only 20 per cent of the total crop The disparity was not ex plained The governor added The damage to the sugar cane ap pears to be the only significant damage resultingfrom the hur ricane Red Cross officials estimated they had housed 60000 refugees at the height of the storm early Sunday OVERCAST Chance of light rain tonight low in lower or middle 60s Tuesday mostly cloudy and warmer high in low 80s Var iable cloudiness Wednesday throughFriday sonrshowers expected Highs Wednesday in 80s cooler temperatures in the 70s Thursday and Friday Palm Springs Calif AP Former President Richard M Nixon newly immune from Watergate prosecution admits he made mistakes and mis judgments scandal in handling the INDEX Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Rteords Sports details map That the way I tried to deal with Watergate was the wrong way is a burden I shall bear for every day of the life that is left to said Sunday of the scandal that shadowed his administration for two years and led to his resignation The former chief executive 1114 made his remarks in a state ment released less than 10 15 minutes after President Ford 4 announced he had granted Nixon t full pardon for any offense he 5 may have committed in the 7 White House MO In accepting this pardon I 11 hope that nil compassionate act will contribute to lifting the burden of Watergate from our country Nixon said Looking back on what is still in my mind a complex and con fusing maze of events decisions pressures and personalities one thing I can see more clearly now is that I was wrong in not acting more decisively and more forthrightly in dealing with when it grew from a political scandal into a national tragedy I know that many fairmind ed people believe that my motivations and actions in the Watergate affair were inten tionally selfserving and illegal I now understand how my own mistakes and mis judgments have contributed to that belief and seemed to support it That mrden is the heaviest one of all to bear ht Mid T Richard M Nixon
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