Friday, August 16, 1974

Southern Illinoisan

Location: Carbondale, Illinois

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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - August 16, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondala 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Hcrrin 212 N 16th Southern niinoisan Volume a Copy Two Sections to ur Hrrln DllvJouml Miirphyiborolndwndnt FRIDAY AUG 16 1974 CarbondalftHerrinMurphysboro Ford to remove most exNixon aid es Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington President Ford has decided to remove from the White House staff most of the individuals who were identified with former president Richard M Nixons Watergate defense press sec retary Jcrald F terHorst said today But the spokesman said Ford had made one important excep tion to the housecleaning rule he will retain While House Chief of Staff Alexander M Haig Jr The President needs Al Haig terHorst said in a breakfast meeting here with re porters The President works well with Al Haig gets along with him fine terHorst said Al has been a professional soldier and he knows how to organize a staff Haig joined Nixons White House staff in May 1973 follow ing the Watergate linked resignations of top assistants H R Haldeman and John D Ehrlichman Haig was one of Nixons most vocal supporters during Nixons long fight against impeachment but he is credited with playing a major role in ar ranging for Nixons resignation last week A group of informal Ford ad visers apparently led by former defense secretary Melvin R Laird have been advising that Haig be replaced or downgraded because of his ties to the Nixon administration But terHorst said Ford is de termined to keep Haig as chief of staff for the duration A source close to Haig said the retired general understood the phrase for the duration to mean for the rest of Fords term White House aides say Ford has been impressed with the way Haig organized and leads the daytoday work of the White House staff TerHorst said Ford had de cided that most holdover staff members who were closely in volved with the Watergate de fense should be replaced as soon as possible He said Ford had determined that persons on the White House staff who had been there and were responsible for Presi dent Nixons Watergate matters should be no longer advising the new president Ford Thursday dismissed J Fred Buzhardt as White House legal counsel and named Philip A Buchen his old law school roommate and his first law partner to thepost Chief Watergate defense law yer James D St Clair an nounced his resignation Wed nesday Buzhardts replacement came a day after the White House an nounced that Buzhardt and St Clair had reached a legal opi nion that the controversial White House tape recordings are Nix ons personal property TerHorst was asked if that ruling was the reason for Buz hardts removal It was obviously a factor It was only one of many reasons he replied President Ford conferred to day with Teamsters Union President Frank Fitzsimmons the second labor leader he has invited to the Oval Office since he ascended to the presidency Ford met AFLCIO chief George Meany earlier this week Ford also arranged a meeting with holdover economic coun selor Kenneth Rush and a briefing from the Office of Management and Budget of the latest federal spending out look King Husseinof Jordan met in midmorning with the President and will be guest of honor at a White House state dinner to night In other developments Ford told meeting of county officials on Thursday that he will veto mass transit legislation now being debated in the House if it calls for spending billion He urged a less ex pensive compromise And a White House spokesman told reporters that Fords decision on a new vice president will not be announced before next week Noisy sooty steam engines a re huge slowand loved By DeMaris Berry Of The Southern Illinoisan Chugging and steaming bel ching black and white soot laden clouds the huge en gines move at a pace that wouldnt challenge the speed of many turtles It wasnt the steam engines speed but its power that made it valuable during the early part of the 20th cen tury Eleven of the huge engines five smaller stationary steam engines twenty five home made operating models of the large engines and 50 gasoline or kerosene powered tractors are on display at the Perry County Fairgrounds in Pinck neyville The occasion is the 15th an nual Thresherman Steam Po wer Show sponsored by the American Thresherman As sociation Inc The show began Thursday and continues through Sun Iday Admission cost is for adults and free for child ren under 14 The association was formed to save old engines tractors and farm machinery from be ing scrapped for iron during and after World War II There are demonstrations throughout the day including sawmilling wood veneering wheat threshing flour milling blacksmithing and plowing At one end of the fair grounds a machine which looks slightly like a twohead dinosaur is being fed shocks of wheat by a conveyer belt One head spits out the straw and the other head spits out grains of wheat The huge engine which sup plies the power stands about 10 feet high The old engines came equipped with wheels and a cab so they could be moved from farm to farm HE Beckmeyer of Cham paign who is displaying a 1923 engine said during yes teryear when a machine would be used all day to thresh wheat the engine could burn two tons of coal and use 1500to 2000 gallons of water The machine naturally was parked near a source of water Water from wells and even ditches would be used he said Beckmeyer is president of the Central State Thresher mans Association One of the most unusual and smallest steam engines at the show is owned by Steve Bird 10 son of Mr and Mrs Arthur Bird of Pmckneyville The basic engine is made with a 15gallon oil can with a hole cut out where a smoke stack has been inserted The engine which is transported on a little red wagon burns wood or coal Dee Quick of Eldorado pur chased the first steam engine 15 years ago You know what they say once a man twice a child When I was a child my dad had steam engines and I learned to love them then My engine has 20 horsepower It took me two years to restore it Quick said One of the major costs in restoring an engine he said is in replacing the tubing used for the flues The seamless tubirg costs about per foot Each flue is seven feet long and there are about 50 flues Quick said The steam engines are not really dangerous The boilers are inspected by the state for safety before the engines are publicly shown Carelessness is the cause of most acci dents he said Steam engines are getting more and more like household antiques in that they are gett ing more difficult to find and are getting more expensive he said Quick pointed to a 1929 steam engine and said it pro bably sold during the Depres sion for and would cost about today Edward Jansen of Teutopo lis president of the American Thresherman Association Inc said among engines on display are five of the six given to the association by the David Ranken Jr Techni cal Institute of St Louis ear lier this year The two largest engines were orginally used to supply power for the institute The smaller ones were auxiliary units The institute got too large to supply its own pow er Jansen said The association hopes to dis play the engines in a per manent building it plans to erect at the fairgrounds The building will cost an estimat ed The association has applied for a federal grant Besides the grant funds will come from city and civic groups and from the associa tion Douglas said Carbondale native gets high court post Drive chains on one steam engine frame belching smoke from another Photoby EdGreer By Henry de Fiebre and Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan A Carbondale native was confirmed by the US Senate today as a judge on the three man US Court of Military militarys equi valent of the Supreme Court William H Cook 54 who has lived in Washington DC since will hold the a year post until May 1 1976 He fills an unexpired term Cook a lawyer will leave a job as counsel in the US House of Representatives a position he has held for the past 11 years Previously he was a supervising attorney with the Dept of the Navy Cook in a telephone inter view from his Washington home today said that the court handles three ma i n types of cases those involving the discipline of an officer those involving the death pen alty and those certified by the judge advocate genera of the military service The court he said also serves in essence as the Su preme Court of the military William Galley convicted of the My Lai massacre three years ago is among those who appealed his case to the court Cook noted Cook and his father the late Rex H Cook of Carbon dale owned the Carbondale Laundry and Dry Cleaners Co which was destroyed in a fire in 1953 Thp following year Cook joined the Federal Trade Commission as an investiga tor In 1957 he was appoint ed as attorneyadviser to the chairman of the commission Cook was graduated from Carbondale Community High School in 1938 and completed prelaw studies at Southern Illinois Normal University in 1941 Turks seize key town Cypriot officials flee capital L mysiNtrl AH r TI7QC AF 171 By the Associated Press Turkish forces took the key western town of Lefka today completing their drive to slice off the northern third of Cyprus for a proposed autonomous Turkish state the Turkish Cypriot radio reported i Turkish forces had already The announcement came as a captured Famagusta 35 miles ceasefire ordered by Turkish 1 east of the capital of Nicosia Premier Bulcnl Ecevit was to go and had been driving on Lefka into effect Bui there was no 130 miles westoi the capital immediate word the truce wasj At the same lime Turkish air being observed i and artillery attacks forced the Cyprus government to abandon the capital and flee to the south coast port of Limasol Cyprus President Glafcos Cleriders and his ministers fled so hurriedly that the doors of the deserted presidential offices New legal counsel to decide what to do with were left banging in the wind There was no evidence that any attempt had been made to remove files or other papers The building was completely deserted Even the armed police do with surrounding it until earlier in the day was nowhere to be seen A portable radio in the office of the presidents secretary was still blaring martial music from Cyprus radio Washington AP president Ford has placed in the hands of his new White House legal counsel the issue of what to do with Richard M Nixons Watergate tapes a source close to the President said today The source reported that Philip Buchen a longtime Ford friend suddenly named White House counsel Thursday was handed the LSSUP because the new President thought it w a s better to get legal advice from a Ford man who was untouched by the Watergate i scandal I Soon after his appointment I Buchen and the man he is re placing J Fred Buzhardt met j I with representatives of Special 1 Prosecutor Leon Jaworski to discuss Nixons tapes Afterward the special prose culors office said None of the files will be moved pending fur ther discussion Indications were that Ford was unhappy with the manner in which an informal opinion had been rendered by White House I lawyers that the tapes were the i personal property of Nixon That opinioin by Buzhardt and James D St Clair Nixons chief Watergate lawyer was announced as St Clair returned to his private law practicein Boston While Fordwas making no clear attempts to overturn the opinion sources said he saw that the issue could become a controversial one and wanted his own appointee in the post as White House counsel The presidents desk was or derly and in the middle was a large manila envelope with the American Embassy stamp on it The envelope was empty Telephones were ringing A diplomat from West Ger man Embassy across the street was wandering around the empty corridors in search of a single government official to talk to Where is everybody Where House Republicans soy Nixon nof hounded out oi office is the government he ask1 n led I Ecevit said the Turkish troops I were expected to reach their I military objectives no later I than the ceasefire hour He said the military objectives did not exceed the political ones Turkey asked for at the Geneva conference table Ecevit defined Turkeys sec ond military operation on the island as an unprecedented i victory because history shows that military operations on islands are among the most dif ficult to carry out He said this not only shows Turkeys skill at making war but also the genuineness of our peaceful intentions because in order to achieve and end which could be achieved in a few days we spent weeks at the negotiating table We even undertook diplo matic demarches knowing be forehand they would produce no results he said apparently referring to his trip to London before Turkey invaded In fact the foundations have been laid for a federated Cyprus stale with two separate autono mous regions and adminis trations which has been our proposal from the beginning as the only possible solution Ecevit said Washington AP While assering that former President Richard M Nixon was not hounded out of office a draft report by 10 House Judiciary Republicans says he wasnt im pcachable on most charges either The draft report contends the only direct and persuasive impeachment evidence the committee ever received was Nixons own statement lastweek that he approved an initial Watergate coverup effort and then concealed that fact We hope that it will not hereafter be said by many that Richard Nixon was hounded out of office for that is not true the draft says IIsays that until Nixons own statement the only Watergate coverup impeachment evidence the House committee had was layer upon layer of hear say The 10 Republicans voted against all three impeachment articles approved by the com I miltce but all 10 announced after his Aug 5 disclsure thai they would vote for the Water gate coverup article on the House floor Seven committee Republicans voted for at least one impeachment article Ford kills pest research bill Washington AP President Fords second veto has killed a bid to beef up the research battle against diseases and pests which annually de stroy billion worth of meat and poultry Because this bill would add further to the federal taxpayers burdens without significantly meeting national needs and wouldonly add to inflationary pressures within the economy I feel that I must withhold my approval Ford told the House in his veto message on Thursj day The legislation would have authorized million morel Melcher told a newsman This each year to go along with thebill is antiinflatonary and million presently spent an1 President Ford simply couldn t nually on programs involvingj have been aware of that animal health research One of the most critical The bills chief sponsor Rep areas of inflation is food costs HOTTER and this bill was designed to reduce it simply by keeping John Melcher DMont the lone veterinarian in the House called animals nealthy and it an illadvised veto and thej increasjng supplies This veto result of the new President still was a defeat for the con having the Office of Managejsumer Index ment and Budget call the shots at the White House Saying he would offer the kDajmfc measure again next year marshals Fords first veto came Mon day when he rejected a bill in creasing salaries of deputy U S Low in upper 60s to low 70s tonight Hot and humid Saturday with high in upper 80s to low 90s Chance of show ers or thunderstorms Sunday through Tuesday Classified Religion Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records Sports Weather details map 1317 5 19 4 47 1718 1112 17