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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - August 15, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 N Illinois Murphystoro 1113 Walnut 212 N litb Southern Hlinoisan 83No 192lSe a Copy 2 Sections Supplement 36 Pagas Pnt Dally Vurphytbcro THURSDAY AUG 15 Turk forces capture port city Greek base By the Associated Press The Turkish Cypriot radio said Turkish forces captured the eastern Cyprus port city of Famagusta today and the Greek Cypriot naval base in the Boghaz area 10 miles to the north It also said a Turkish assault for Lewfka began on the western part of Cyprus and Turkish forces launched attacks on the eastern and western approaches of Nicosia the capital The moves against Famagusta Nicosia and Lefka seemed to be further confirma tion that Turkish invasion forces were trying to bisect Cyprus along an eastwest line that slice off the northern third of the island to create a Turkish autonomous region Famagusta the second largest city on Cyprus and its most im portant port is 35 miles east of Nicosia Lefka is 20 miles west Turkish Cypriot radio announces action Greek troops reported fleeing of the capital Associated Press cor respondent Peter A r r e 11 reported from Famagusta that Turkish tanks rolled into the outskirts of the city at mid afternoon firing a few salvos at a British outpost as they passed by He said the British evacuated the outpost without casualties Arnett said the news of the PARTLY CLOUDY Turkish approach apparently had gone ahead because many Greek soldiers were running through the streets away from the advance We dont know where we are going now said one running Greek soldier who appeared to be leading about 20 other troops Following the Turkish tanks were scores of trucks dragging artillery pieces throwing dust into the air The Turkish Cypriot broadcast said Turkish warships and jets joined the battle for Famagusta earlier in the day The sound of explosions shook Nicosia intermittently mingling m with the noise of machine gun and small arms fire from the Green Line the nomans land sides Wednesday night The lull lasted only through the hours of darkness The camp of the 950strong Greek army contingent permanently based on Cyprus was one of the main targets of the assault and fighting raged at midday The camp known as the Eldyk is on the main western highway to Morphou It lies two miles oucside the capital about a mile from the perimeter of Cyprus airport still in Geek hands Another area heavily hit was a fivemile string of factories on the east side of Nicosia stretching between the main dividing the embattled Greek and Turkish sectors of the ci ty The renewed fighting which started at dawn shattered a ceasefife agreed to by both roads to Famagusta in the east and Larnaca to the south Cyprus President Glafcos Clerides called a conference of Greek Cypriot leaders to probe their reactions to concessions the Turks are expected to de mand because of their Australians return Russian violinist Tonight partly cloudy and humid with low in low or mid 70s Friday high in low 90s Chance of occasional showers and thunderstorms Saturday through Tuesday highs 83 to 90 and lows fllto75 Perth Australia The Australian government spirited 18yearold Soviet violinist Georgy Ermolenko out of the country today convinced wanted to return he really home Index The youth who had come here for an international music con tion to the conference were taken secretly from their Perth hotel and driven at highspeed to a Royal Australian Air Force station 24 miles to the north There they boarded an air force jet for Singapore An hour earlier members of the Federated Clerks Union voted to lift their ban on any overwhelming military presence on Cyprus A senior Cyprus government officials who declined to be identified said Since the big powers and the UN Security Council appear unwilling to take any practical step to defend the very existence let alone the territorial integrity of an in dependent Cyprus we are in a desperate situation ready to clutch at any straw to save ourselves or preserve as much as we can Turkish Premier B u 1 e n Ecevit said after a meeting with US Ambassador William Macomber in Ankara the United States felt the most satisfac tory and enduring solution to the Cyprus problem would be for the establishment of two separate autonomous regions for the Greek and Turkish communities Ehrlichman subpoenas Nixon Washington AP Former President Nixon ws subpoenaed today to appear as i witness for John D Ehrlichmaj in the Watergate coverup trial next month The subpoena was filed in US District Court by Ehrlichmans lawyer Andrew C Hall It said You are commanded to ap pear in US District Court for the District of Columbia on the 9th day of September 1974 at am to testify on behalf of John D Ehrlichman and to remain until called Taking a header Jim Stabile 17 of Sacra mento Calif took a hard spill Tuesday as he unsuccess fully attempted tft repeat his feat of jumping over 16 gar bage cans with his bicycle He suffered a miner wrist in jury and helped prove to him self and friends that acroba tics in the Evel Knievel arent as easy as they seem AP Wirephoto Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records Sports Weather details map 2124 J7 4 67 25 1S17 25 that he wanted to defect later said hed changed but his ference announced last Sunday aircraft carrying the Russian musicians out of the country The secretary of the Trade and Labor Council Jim Coleman told the union meefeg he had spent an hour with Ermolenko and an interpreter in the youths hotel room and he was convinc ed the young man wanted to return to Moscow mind Trade unions thought he was being coerced and had refused to service any planes take to leave the he might country Ermolenko and the other six members of the Soviet delega Weekly Lotto 23 06 36 47 45 Welder is sfcrfe lofferys winner Springfield AP Robert P Mazur of Momence a fitter and welder at Chicago Bridge and Iron Co was the first bonanza winner today in the Illinois state lot tery A tiny ball dropped from a swirling sphere today and 36 hearts paused For 14 years Mazur will receive a check for twice the average Illinois residents yearly earnings The other 35 eligible didnt really lose All received checks when registering with lottery officials at the drawing Second place brought and several winners were drawn Also drawn today were win ners from the past weeks sale of lottery tickets five twodigit weekly winning numbers and three threedigit numbers for the Bonanza drawing next week at Chicagos Civic Center The first milliondollar winner wont be drawn until 30 million tickets are sold several weeks hence Here are the numbers drawn today in the Illinois State Lot tery Weekly Lotto 23 06 36 47 and 45 Weekly Bonanza Qualifiers 583 616 and 226 Jewish emigration issue Opposition dwindling on Soviet trade bill Washington AP Three senators who have op posed passage of a trade bill to insist on free emigration for Soviet Jews said today after meeting with President Ford that there are indications the problem can be solved and the bill passed Were moving in the direc The three senators emerged from an hourlong scrambled breakfast meeting with and Secretary of State to tell direct eggs Ford Henry A Kissinger reports that Fords participation and interven tion in the matter1 had given them new hope that the Jewish emigration issue which hasj reform y c re luuviujs of an agreement and there Stalemated the trade i been significant Soviet bill may now be resolved has been significant movement said Sen Henry M Jackson DWash Were getting off dead center said Sen Abraham Ribicoff DConn Sen Jacob Javits RNY said they agreed the role of the President was a decisive one w the situation and predicted the negotiations now underway will be successful and a trade can be passed bill Jackson said Soviet Am bassador Anatoly Dobrynin who returned from his country for a meeting Wednesday at the White House with President Ford has addressed himself to this specitic problem Jackson emphasized that the meeting with Dobrynin and Fords direct intervention in I this matter has given it new1 momentum and new move ment In his speech Monday night to a joint session of Congress Ford stressed the importance he places on passage of a trade reform bill in the interest of world peace and US economic prosperity The three senators have led opposition to passage of the bill without the Jewish emigration safeguards and a human rights provision The President had another busy schedule today In addition to his meeting with the three senators his calling list included economic advisers state legislators and county officials He also planned to swear in John 0 Marsh Jr a former Virginia D e m oc r a t i c con gressman as his new White House counselor J Court Some pocket vetoes out c Washington StarNews Washington The US Court of Appeals here overturning a practice that extends back to the presidency of Andrew Johnson has ruled that a president may not use a pocket veto while Congress is still in session In a 23page opinion Wednes day the appellate court held that former president Richard M Nixon illegally vetoed a million Family Medical Aid Act approved by Congress in 1970 Nixon used the pocket veto to kill the act while Congress was in a fiveday adjournment over the Christmas holidays The court declared that pocket vetoes may be employed only when Congress is out of session one month each year and not when Congress is merely adjourned for holidays It ruled that the Family Medical Aid Act automatically became law Dec25 1970 despite Nixons pocket veto The ruling was largely academic as the law was only in for three years The pocket veto itself is a relatively obscure but legitimate prerogative of a president sanctioned in the Constitution Basically it is a method under which a president may simply let legislation die while Congress is not meeting The pocket veto however is absolute and may not be overturned by Congress thus making it an extremely powerful legislative and political tool Presidents have been employing the pocket veto for more than 100 years during congressionaladjournments but in recent years it has come under increased criticism by those who claim it was bsing used as a political device rather than legitimate method of legislative housekeeping Some Nixon opponents Nix on used the pocket veto six times while he was in office have complained that he employed it as a way to override the will of Congress The Court of Appeals ruling is he result of a lawsuit brought by Sen Edward Kennedy DMass a sponsor of the Family Medical Aid Bill Kennedy complained that Nixons veto of the bill came during the shortest recess in which a pocket veto had ever been used Says expansion is necessary Ford raps zero growth1 environmentalists Spokane Wash AP President Ford said today that zero growth environmental policies fly in the face of human nature and must be rejected in favor of reasonable com promises The President said last winters energy crisis demonstrated that the nation must mine and use more coal drill for more oil on the oceans continental shelf develop oil shale resources and speed con struction of nuclear power plants There are some wellmean ing people who see the en vironmentatissue as an either or proposition Ford said in a statement read at the Expo 74 world fair by Interior Secretary Rogers C B Morton They would make the en vironment the overriding con sideration in all our activities regardless of the consequences regardless of the sound middle ground alternatives that might be worked out Ford said although enviro jnmentalists argue for zero growth as the only course for world resource salvation their goal was impossible because man isnt built to vegetate or we like to progress we have ideas we have hopesl and dreams of a better world and that better world includes jobs and a better environment zero growth argument says we cant obtain a clean environmment and continue to tf expand at the same time It claims that we are exhausting all resources including the en vironment But it fails to take into con sideration the one inexhaustible mans creative abili ty As far as we can tell the frontier of creative scientific knowledge is limitless Ford said it was possible for the nation to have both en vironmental protection and economic expansion because of scientific potential He said his determination to compromise when environmental and economic positions conflict doesnt mean we are changing our unalterable course to im prove the environment It does mean stretching out the time table in some cases It does mean adjusting some of our longrange goals to ac commodate the needs of the immediate present It does mean some tradeoffs Banking committee oks task force Inflation bill goes to House floor Washington AP The House Banking Com mittee voted 27 to 7 today to give President Ford the Cost of Living task force he requested to monitor wage and price ac tions The proposal still faces action by the full House and by the Senate The bill will go to the House floor Monday under a parliamentary procedure which requires a twothirds vote for approval Sen John Sparkman DAla chairmar of the Senate Banking Committee said he hoped to win approval by the full Senate to day If the task force does not work i hope and believe the President is honest enough to come back to the Congress and ask for a more com prehensive program said Rep Wright Patmanj D Tex chairman of the House Banking Committee Many of us have doubts endorses proposal with some reservations about the effectiveness of this task force approach but lets give the Presidents suggestion a try he said Rep Tom Rees DCalif said this bill really does nothing The President can do this with an executive order right now This is only a vehicle to ap propriate million The AFLCIO endorsed the proposal today with some reservations In the name of honesty and fair dealing with the American public dontpretend this task force isan answer to the economic problems of America Andrew Biemiller chief lobbyist for the labor federation told the Senate committee Biemiller said the AFLCIO will go along with the task force but added it felt the makeup should include representatives of labor and management as well as government The Ford task force plan would include only representatives of the ex ecutive branch Biemiller said labor would have no part of another wage price control system such as that under President Richard Nixon The net result of that system Biemiller said was a decrease in workers buying power Sen Jacob K Javits R NY told the committee he felt the agency should be given authority to delay the im ple mentation of any unreasonable price or wage in crease for a period not in excess of 60 days t
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