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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - August 9, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 N Illlneb Murphyjboro 1113 Walnut Herein 212 N 16Hi Southern Dlinoisan FM dm mrrto wurphybcro mdpndnt Volum MNo wlfc Copy Two PagJ FRIDAY AUGUST 9 1974 Ford becomes President Washington CAP Gerald R Ford became 38th President of the United States today and told the nation our long national nightmare is over Our Constitution works Ford said as he assumed the office of the resigned Richard M Nixon Our great republic is a government of laws and not of men At am CDT Ford pro nounced the oath of office Nixon was accused of violating in the Watergate scandals He was President already Nixons resignation was delivered at am EOT and with it the powers of office passed automatically to Ford a plain man who promised plain talk to the nation Ford said he would ask to ap pear before a joint session of Congress Monday night to discuss my views on the priority business of the na tion As we bind up the wounds or Watergate let us restore the golden rule to our political pro cess Ford said He spoke too of Nixon who at the moment of transition was flying over the Midwest on the home to California and private life May our former President who brought peace to millions find it for himself Ford said Ford said his first speech as President would be no political oration just a little straight talk among friends He said it will be the first of many I assume the presidency under extraordinary circum stances never before ex perienced by America Ford This s an hour of history that troubles our minds and Gerald R Ford takes oath of office from Chief Justice Warren Burger as Mrs hurts our hearts Never before had a president resigned never before had an appointed vice president suc ceeded to office I am acutely aware that you have not elected me by your ballots so I ask you to confirm me as your president by your prayers Ford said While he will make what amounts to a State of the Union address to Congress Monday Ford settled into the work of of fice at once asking con gressional leaders to go from the oathtaking ceremony to meet privately with him The East Room ceremony was nationally broadcast and televised Fords voice was firm but there was a quaver when he spoke of the departed Nixons quest for peace in the world Ford promised the nation that quest will continue America will remain strong and united but its strength will hofo remain dedicated to the safety and sanity of the entire family of man Ford said Chief Justice Warren E Burger administered the oath of office Are you prepared to take the oath of office as President of the United States the blackrobed Burger asked I am sir Ford replied His right hand uplifted his left hand on a Bible Ford formally repeated the oath Before walking into the office that now was his Ford declared himself ready to start to build In an extradordinary hour Ford delivered to the nation notan inaugural address not a fireside chat not a campaign speech Just a little straight talk among friends I intend it to be the first of many If you have not chosen me by secret ballot neither have I gained office by secret pro mises Ford said I have not campaigned either for the presidency or the vice presidency I have not subscribed to any partisan plat form I am indebted to no man and only to one woman my dear wife as I begin the most dif ficult job in the world Ford said even though it is late in an election year there is no way we can go forward ex cept together Ford said truth is the glue that holds government together and not only government but civilization itself That bond though strained is unbroken at home and abroad He promised an administration of openness and candor Moving quickly to assure the world that US foreign policy remains basically unchanged Ford summoned ambassadors from 59 nations to the White Houseand sent messages to the foreign ministers of every country To a troubled nation weary of Watergate Ford pledged Thursday night my best efforts in cooperation leadership and dedication in whats good for America and good for the Then after stepping from his pages 59 suburban doorway in a bathrobe to pickup a morning newspaper with a bold black headline Nixon Resigns Ford fixed his own breakfast and headed for the executivev Office Building He told reporters he feels a terrible responsibility the feeling nf sadness on one hand and expectation to start to build on the other A few hours later beneath the glittering chandeliers of the White House East Room Nixon bade a tearful farewell to his staff and cabinet Chief Justice Burger was summoned back from a Euro pean vacation to administer the oath of office Nixon was accused of violating Ford inherited the leadership of a nation that Nixon said desperately needs to heal the wounds of Watergate Indeed the outgoing president said he hoped his departure would speed that process I think the President of the United States has made one of the greatest personal sacrifices for the country and one of the finest pesonal decisions on behalf of all of us Americans by hs riecision to resign Ford said Thursday night His eyes filled with tears the balding broadshouldered 61 yearold Ford promised to work on the problem serious ones which we have at home in the spirit of cooperation which I believe will be exhibited with the Congress and the new president Chief among those problems is the nations economy beset by inflation Ford moving before Nixon publicly disclosed he would resign notified top ad ministration economics advisers to meet with him on this in auguration day Ford promsed an unchanged US foreign policy announcing that Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger would head his Cabinet All other members of Nixons cabinet are staying too along with such key White House aides as staff chief Alexander M Haig Jr at least for a few mon ths But Nixons press secretary Ronald L Ziegler is being suc ceeded by Jerald F TerHorst Washington bureau chief of the Detroit News Even before Nixons resigna tion announcement Ford had launched the same type of broad vice presidential search that led to his own selection 10 months ago Former New York Gov Nelson A Rockefeller heads an initial list of 12 vice presidential possibilities drawn up by Fords staff But FOK associates differ on Rockefeller chances and say the list of potential nominees is expected to grow before a final selection pro cess Others on the initial list in cluded Melvin R Laird and Elliot L Richardson former cabinet members California Gov Ronald Reagan and Sens Howard H Baker Jr Charles H Percy and Edward w Brooke Nixon takes tearful leave of White House Washington AP Richard M Nixon took tearful leave of the White House and His devastated presidency today telling the men and women who served him that only a man in the deepest valley can know how magnificent it is to be on ithe highest mountain Then he flew to California one last journey aboard Air Force One departing a scant two hours before the formal passage of presidential power to Gerald R Ford Nixon told his associates and aides when things do not go right when a man suffers defeat some think that all is ended Not true he said Its only beginning always For Nixon said greatness omes to a man not when things go good but when he is disap pointed when he takes some knocks It was an introspective emotional and intensely personal goodbye Nixon said he was proud of man and woman in the East Room As I pointed out last night sure weve done some things wrong in thisadministration and the top man always takes the responsibility and Ive neverducked said But want to say one thing jvo man or no woman came into this administration and left it with more of this worlds goods than when he came in No man or woman ever profited at the public expense or the public till So in an oblique reference to the Watergate scandals that forced him to resign Nixon said there were mistakes yes but lor personal gain never Nixon said he wished he were a wealthy man so he could recompense those who served him But he said wryly at the present time Ive got to find a way to pay my taxes Nixon and his wife left the White House precisely at 9 am CDT Sixteen minutes later the Nixons and their daughter and soninlaw Tricia and Edward Cox took off in the presidential jet for San Clemente Calif The Nixons had trod a red carpet from the White House to a waiting helicopter for the short hop to Andrews Air Force base and the presidential plane The flight to California would take five hours One last time as he stepped into the helicopter the resigning President waved the twohanded V for victory sign he had flashed so many times before from hundreds of political plat forms His successor President Ford watched the takeoff Nixons last White House words And so we leave in high hopes in good spirits and in deep humility and with very much gratefulness in our hearts We come from many faiths we pray perhaps to different gods but really the same God in a sense But I want to say for each and every one of you not only will we always be grateful to you always you will be in our hearts and in our prayers Thank you very much Nixon aides many of whom had wept as did their departing leader stood in applause Nixons farewell to those closest to him was in marked contrast to the solemn formality of his resignation address to the nation Thursday night It was intensely personal and intensely emotional He spoke of his parents saying his father was a great man though never a man of renown that his mother was a saint who nursed two of his brothers and watched them die of tuberculosis Timing his departure to ensure he would leave as dent Nixon expected to be in the air en route to San Clemente by the time Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger received his formal letter of resignation He told the nation Thursday night his resigning was an act personally abhorrent because I have never been a quitter but a decision mandated by the na tional interest Nixon acknowledged his base of support was gone a casualty of scandal I would have preferred to carry through to the finish whatever the personal agony it would have involved and my family unanimously urged me to do so he said But the in terest of the nation must always comebefore any personal con siderations The farewel address to nation 16 minutes long was devoid of bitterness or recriminations All of us in the final analysis have been concerned the good of the country however our judgment might differ Nixon said At the end of his presidency as he was at its start 2027 days ago Nixon was hopeful that peace will be his legacy Country must now move on1 Ai nvncarintpri anvmore SUNNY Two state representatives and two aspirants to the US Congress from the 24th dis trict agreed that the country should now focus its attention on other in leave the Water gate scandal behind Some comments Rep Ralph Dunn RDu Quoin The resignation was done in the best interests of the nation at great personal sacrifice It saved us from many months more of dis ruption trial and agony Richard 0 Hart D Bentnn I dont feel the pre sident even at this point real ly appreciates why he lost the Congress He hasnt really accepted that he was wrong Hart a lawyer thinks any future prosecution of Nixon will be in cases where he has personally gained from misconduct That might in clude tax evasion for exam ple rather than obstruction of justice The resignation it self was done in a very ad mirable manner Oshel of Harrisburg Republican seeking the 24th District congressional seat I dont think he should be r prosecuted anymore hes been persecuted enough About the effect on his own campaign he said For the last few days all people could talk about was the problems of the we can get on to other issues Simon of Carbondale Democratic 24th District con gressional candidate The country must now move on its problems and all of without partisan rancor should back the new president in constructive steps he might take differing respectfully when he is wrong President and Mrs Nixon stand together in the White House just before leaving today AP Senate pledges Ford support i F White in the n Mostly cloudy tonight with some showers and thunder storms likely Low in upper 60s to low 70s Saturday through Monday partly cloudy with chance of showers not quite so warm High in the mid 80s Washington AP The Senate passed today a resolution calling Gerald R Ford a good and faithful friend of Congress ana1 pledg ing cooperation as he assumes the presidency By voice vote without debate or dissent the resolution was passed and sent to the House It was offered by Republican Leader Hugh Scott for Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield Assistant Democratic Leader Robert C Byrd and Assistant GOP Leader Robert P Griffin on behalf of the membership of the United States Senate The resolution declared that Congress extends Ford its sincere best wishes its assurances of firm cooperation and its fervent hopes for success in office Relieved by Richard Nixons resignation Democratic and Republican congressional leaders said they look forward to an era of national reconcilia tion under Ford Noting Fords long service in the House leaders of the Democraticcontrolled Congress predicted better relations with the White House in the post Watergate period after often rancorous Nixon years years Republicans and some Democrats said one early result would be an improvement in GOP political prospects in this Novembers congressional elec tions Although most member of both parties praised the tone and content of Nixons resigna tion speech as conciliatory some criticzed him for failure to go beyond a brief statement that some of my judgments were wrong
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