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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - July 28, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondale 710 N Illlnoli Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Herrln 212 N 16Hi 82No 17630e a Copy S Fimily Weekly Tablci Southern lUinoisan rlj toeauof rnt FTM Htrrin Dally Jouirl Murphyiboro lixiepwKUm SUNBAYi4ULYa8W74 Committee recommends impeachment Historic vote superimposed on photogaph of the House Committee that took first Impeachment step Saturday AP wirephoto Clouds again dim Nixon future uu1lnJ TrrUn Vi n cr 1 tVl O C n1ff By R W Apple Jr c New York Times Washington Only a month ago the storms W destiny seemed at last to be subsiding for President Nixon Among the knowledgeable in Washington the conviction was growing that the impeachment campaign against him had spent its momentum At the White House it was hoped that the vote in the House Judiciary Committee would be close that the President might even eke out of a onevote victory It is now clear that the knowledgeable were wrong that they mistook a break in the Clouds for lasting sunshine Why was the White House Unable to hold the line what does that failure portend for the future The basic White House tactic and one that seemed last month to be working in the Committee I was to paint the issue in purely j partisan terms by making the I Presidents cause the Republican cause and hoping News analysis that perhaps some of the southern De m o c r a t s would come along1 Here asx elsewhere the Presidents agents appear to have underestimated the com mittees chairman Rep Peter W Rodino Jr DNJ Rather than buckling when polarization set in he persevered in patience and flexibility yielding on several points to James D St Clair Nixons counsel Having won what turned out to be a fleeting success the White House pressed on It pressed too far in fact offending the Congressional sense of institu tion The dozen swing voters were offended when Ronald L Ziegler the Presidential press secretary described the Com mittees proceedings as kangaroo court and by White House attacks on the majority counsel John M Doar who had won the respect if not yet the firm support of most of them They were offended when St Clair in his final summation put before the Committee what he described as an exculpatory portion of a tape recording a tape recording the Committee had been seeking in its entirety for several months And some of the undecided Republicans were offended when Rep Charles E Wiggins R Calif who has been serving as an unofficial administration straw boss on the committee airly predicted that no Republican member would sup port impeachment The weight of the evidence itself worked against Nixon in a number of ways in the decisive weeks There were a few damaging final revelations Rep Tom Rallsback RIU was propelled who has impressed his peers as toward a proimpeachment vote a man impervious to that for example by evidence Nixon had condoned misuse of the Internal Revenue Service Not only did the evidence somehow seem more weighty to many of the undecided members pressures By the account of several of the formerly uncommitted members the conviction of John D Ehrlichman Nixons onetime chief domestic adviser implied to them that Nixon must have when it was called into abeen involved Rep Robert coherent whole its publication McClory RIU criedwhen he the news in newspapers and broadcasts on television helped to recreate a sense of momentum toward im peachment municated which itself to com the members As one of them said it is harder to cast a politically dangerous vote when you dont feel that youre part of the tide of history That is not to say that the wavering members finally made their judgments solely on a political basis Certainly not Rep James R Mann DSC in whose district Nixon is nearly as popular today as when he won 80 per cent of the vote there two years ago And certainly not Rep M Caldwell Butler DVa Similarly the pattern of questioning of the justices of the Supreme Court and then at the last minute the decision of the Court in the Presidential tapes case helped in a vague way to cause Nixons defense to fall in to disrepute The almost tation among familiar with that the full House of Represen tatives will approve a bill of impeachment late next month barring some major national or international upheaval Wiggins for example now talks regularly about when the Senate trial begins rather than if universal expec House members the situation is Senate to prepare for Nixon trial i i jU Oi Cnn nf A Trill Ko tllO Washington AP Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield said Saturday he will meet Monday with Minority Leader Hugh Scott to launch formal Senate preparations for an impeachment trial of Presi dent Nixon The line of demarcation has been reached Mansfield said as the House Judiciary Com mittee voted approval of an article of impeachment charging Nixon with joining in the Watergate coverup Earlier in the day the Mon tana Democrat had told reporters If the House com mittee votes affirmatively I think well have reached the watershed where Ill have to go to Scott and well have to get down to brass tacks Mansfield said that up to Saturday weve been doing a lot of work individually but we havent been coordinating our efforts Formal Senate decisions on impeachment trial procedures Mansfield said wont come until the House actually votes for articles of impeachment and sends them to the Senate for trial The day after a House vote he j said the Senate will hold an ex ecutive or closed session and well put to the Senate our recommendations I The Senate is the sole master of its procedures Mansfield i said with a majority vote determining rules timing and other thingsincluding the role of Chief Justice Warren E Burger who will preside Mansfield said however he has no doubt that any Senate verdict will be binding The Benfon park vofe heavy early tally is favorable Because of a large voter turnout the counting of votes to determine whether Benton will have a park district was slowed considerably Bob Ted row Benton Public Property Commissioner said Tedrow estimated that well over 1500 persons voted Sat urday Early returns indicate that the formation of the park dis trict will be oassed Tedrow said However you never really know until you get down to the bottom of the barrel WestCity voted 100 to 40 iri favor of the formation of the park district Tedrow said West city voters also select ed Dorothy Bauer Robert Blondi Billy Dixon Stanley Hatchett and Chlodene Wil Jiamson to be park commis sioners Charles Seagle and John Carter also appeared on the ballot for park commissioners Only five can be elected The West City results only represent a small fraction of those that voted the results can be turned completely around before the votes are completely counted Tedrow said If the district is passed it would cover 27000 acres including all of Benton West City and some outlying areas The boundaries are the same as the boundaries of the Ben ton Elementary and the Flatts school districts A Benton park district was formed in 1966 but was dis solved in 1967 when Franklin County Circuit Court declared it had been formed illegally The move to establish a park district was made ear lier this year aud petition were circulated and boundar ies set to avoid earlier mis takes The five commissioners would have the power to levy taxes for the district buy land set up programs and maintain the district SUNNY Partly sunny today continu ed hot Highs in the lower 90s Tonight partly cloudy lows in the mid or upper 60s Monday variable cloudiness hot and humid Highs around 90 Light variable winds to night and variable 6 to 12 miles per hour Monday Senate will be the final court he said There will be no ap ipeal in any way from the Senates verdict Mideast clash Tel Aviv Israel AP Israeli and Arab gunners ex changed light weapons and artillery fire Saturday night across the Lebanese border the Tel Aviv command announc ed The firefight began after gun ners in Lebanon fired a volley of bazooka shells at the Israeli communal settlement of Zaiit about two miles from the border a military spokesman said Body of man discovered in Marissa Police are trying to identify a body that was found in some weeds near Marissa by two Tilden residents Friday night David Barton 14 and Dean Hackworth 24 were planning to go fishing at Mud Creek when they saw the body about pm It was lying in weeds three feet high in an area about a mile east of Marissa and about SO feet from the creek St Clair County Deputy Coroner George Moye said the body appears to be that of a man 25 to 35 years old 5 feet 10inches tall and 140 pounds Judiciary committee vote tally Washington AP Here is the 27 to 11 roll call vote by which the House Judiciary Committee adopted an article recommending im peachment of President Nixon on grounds of obstructing justice By an identical vote the committee earlier accepted the impeachment language propos ed by Rep Paul S Sarbanes D Md as a substitute to an article of impeachment motion originally offered by Rep Harold P Donohue DMass For the article 27 Democrats for 21 Donohue Mass Brooks Tex Kastenmeier Wis Edwards Calif Hungate Mo Conyers Mich Eilberg Pa Waldie Calif Flowers Ala Mann SC Sarbanes Md Seiberling Ohio Danielson Calif Drinan Mass Rangle NY Jordan Tex Thornton Ark Holtzman NY Owens Utah Mezvinsky Iowa Rodino NJ Republicans for 6 Railsback El Fish NY Hogan Md Butler Va Cohen Maine Froehlich Wis Republicans against 11 Hutchinson Mich McClory 111 Smith NY Sandman NJ Wiggins Calif Dennis Ind Mayne Iowa Lott Miss Moorhead Calif Maraziti NJ Latta Ohio of justice basis of first article New York Times News Service And Associated Press Washington The House Judiciary Com mittee voted Saturday 27 to 11 to recommend the impeachment of President Nixon on a charge that he personally engaged in a course of conduct designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case This historic charge the first to be lodged against a President by a House investigating body since 1868 set in motion the Constitutional process by which Nixon could ultimately be strip ped of his office The margin of the vote with 6 of the Committees Republicans joining the recommendations are bas ed Should the House vote to im peach Nixon me formal charges will be sent immediately to the floor of the Senate After a brief period in which the President would prepare his defense Hie Senate would then conduct the trial with Warren Burger Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presiding Sen Mike Mansfield of Mon tana the Senate Democratic leader has estimated mat the trial might take two months or more with House members prosecuting and Nixons lawyers defending against the accusa tions Should the trial go beyond the Jan 3 expiration of the cur rent Congress Mansfield has all 21 Democrats in jent adoption of the resolution j any new Senators elected seemed certain to set a pattern j jn November would be seated as for debate in the full House next i alternate jurors to sit in month on the charge judgment after Jan 3 Although the Committee will still consider the addition of two or more other articles of im Nixon would be subjected to a trial by the Senate should a majority of the House vote to approve the article of impeach ment or either of two othei articles the Judiciary Com mittee is all expected to debate and in all likelihood adopt early next week Should any one of the charges be proved to the satisfaction of twothirds of the Senate the President would automatically be removed from office Specifically the committee charged that the President in violation of his Constitutional oath to uphold the law engag ed personally and through his subordinates or agents course of conduct or in a plan designed to delay impede and obstruct the investigation of the illfated burglary of the Democratic headquarters in the Watergate complex on June 17 1972 The article of impeachment listed nine methods by which he was alleged to have carried out the plan to obstruct justice House leaders have made tentative arrangements to begin 100 hours of impeachment debate by the middle of next month The completion of the drafting of the charges by the Judiciary Committee probably next Monday or Tuesday will be followed by the Committees preparation of a formal report wowpeachment the debate and other decisions on them are likely to be anticlimactic The vote Saturday began the process that can end only in the refusal of the House to continue it or in the decision of the Senate to convict or acquit Nixon The panel will consider on Monday an article accusingthe President of using a variety of clandestine and irregular methods in alleged abuse of the limits on his authority to eavesdrop on citizens to harass political opponents and reward friends and to attempt the im proper use of sensitive govern ment agencies Nearly all of the panels Democrats and six Republicans have proclaimed their tendencies to endorse the charge A third article proposed by the secondranking Republican Robert McClory of Illinois would call Nixon to account for allegedly treating the Congress by refusing to taped White with contempt surrender 147 House conversations and a number of other documents subpoenaed by the impeachment inquiry Some committee Democrats are also seeking support for charges that Nixon wilfully evaded the payment of federal income taxes and that his con Ul tUfll dHUIl Vl IVi V 1 detailing the evidence on which duct in ordering the secret bombing of Cambodia to 1969 was in contravention of his constitutional authority But they are not likely to be ap proved by a committee majori ty The approved article begins with a paragraph charging tiiat Nixon violated his oath to preserve protect and defend the Constitution of the United States and in violation of his consitutional duty to take that the laws be faithfully ex ecuted has prevented obstructed aJid impeded administration of It cites the June 17 1972 breakin of the Democratic headquarters and said Subsequent thereto Richard M Nixon using the powers of his high office engaged personally and through his subordinates and agents in a course of conduct or plan designed to delay impede and obstruct the investigation o such unlawful entry to cover up conceal and protect those responsible and to conceal the existence and scope of other unlawful covert activities The article contends that Nixon Lied himself and caused others to make false statements to Watergate investigators Withheld evidence Approved condoned and acquiesced in having witnesses lie to investigators grand juries and congressional com mittees Interfered with investiga tions Conducted by me FBI Justice Department the special Watergate prosecutor and con gressional committees Approved condoned and acquiesced in hush payments to the Watergate breakin defen dants Tried to misuse the Centra Intelligence Agency Gave confidential vestigative information to unauthorized persons for the purpose of helping them avoid criminal prosecution Made false and misleading public statements for the purpose of deceiving the people of the United States Tried to obtain the silence of me Watergate breakIn defendants by leading them to believe they would get favored treatment Nixon confident House will not impeach him Sen Clemente Calif AP President Nixon remains confident that the House will not vote to impeach him despite the House Judiciary Com mittees impeachment recom mendation Press Secretary I Ronald L Ziegler said Saturday jnight i The White House reaction came in a oneparagraph state ment issued an hour after the historic vote that Nixon should I be impeached for allegedly having prevented obstructed and impeded administration of justice in the Watergate cover up The statement said The President remains con fident that the full House will recognize that there simply is not the evidence to support tiiis or any other article of im peachment and will not vote to impeach He is confident because he knows he has com mitted no impeachable of Bomb blitz in Ireland Belfast Northern Ireland AP Five bombs exploded in 30 minutes Saturday afternoon in the small town of Portglenone and authorities said damage was extensive The British Army said the bomb blitz was preceded by an anonymous telephone warning People were cleared from the center of town and there were no casualties Four of the bombs were planted in bars and the other in a parked car Police blamed the blasts on the Provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army fense The committee vote came as no surprise to Nixon and his staff Ziegler and other officials had been saying for some time that they expected the committee to vote against the President But they predict that the House will not vote to impeach after ex amining the matter as Ziegler put it with an open mind Nixon received the news at me Western White House where he was winding up a 16day stay Ziegler said the President wasnt watching the television broadcast of the impeachment vote but was being kept very closely informed by himself and Chief of Staff Alexander M Haig Jr Ziegler said Nixon was fense also keeping abreast of the Judiciary Committee pro ceedings by reading White House news summaries and the newspapers Vice President Gerald R Ford said Saturday night the factmat all 21 Democrats on the House Judiciary Committee voted to recommend impeachment of President Nixon tends to make It a partisan issue The vice president said if the full House of Representatives considers impeachment solely on the facts they will vote it down At a news conference on the lawn of his suburban Virginia house Ford said he convinced the President is in nocent of any impeachable of Inside today SPILLERTOWN a small town but a nice pkce to re lax raise a family or retire Our Town feature by Marta Ladd Page 20 CARBONDALE CHURCH COUNCIL set up the first cooperative v a c a t i on church school this summer Area children of all faitht play and pray together Story by Marta Ladd Page is AREA MORTGAGE interest rates rise Most rates are edg ing near or just above 9 per cent since the state raised the ceiling to 95 per cent Story Page 29 SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNI VERSITY at Carbondale de clining enrollment is misun derstood Robert A McGrath dean of admissions and re cords claims Story Page 28 ANNA WINS district Legioa baseball title Page 9 BIG RED PLAYS wins first pro football exhibition Page 7 BILL VEECK once tried to form Negro baseball team Page 11 Ann Lenders SA Bridge SA Business 2930 Byline GB 2 Classified 2124 Crossword 5 Editorials 28 Family Living 1315 Finance 3134 S Sports 712 Television 4A12A Wwroer details map
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