Thursday, July 18, 1974

Southern Illinoisan

Location: Carbondale, Illinois

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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - July 18, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois 010175 LIB HA ay 1st PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondalt 710 N Murphysboro 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th Southern Illinoisan Volume a Copy 2 Sections Supplement Makarios to ask UN for support iuccwtortocarbondart Frw Prn Hwrln Dally Jeurnal Murphysboro Independent THURSDAY JULY 18 1974 London AP Armed with promises of British support Archbishop Makarios flew off to New York today to ask the United Nations to condemn the Greek military junta for the coup that overthrew him He told newsmen he had Bri tains assurance it would not recognize the new military regime on Cyprus j T was very satisfied with the j talks I have had with the prime minister and the secretary of state the bearded archbishop said of his meetings with Harold Wilson and James Callaghan the British foreign minister The archbishop was expected to appear before the UN Security Council on Friday Smallmember powers of the UN Security Council were circulating a proposed resolu tion It reportedly called for the withdrawal from Cyprus of the Cypriot national guards Greek officers who led the coup It also expressed opposition to annexa tion of the island by Greece which is believed to be the ob ject of the coup While Makarios pressed his personal crusade Britain and the United States were trying to case the threat of an armed confrontation between Greece and Turkey But even though bnth the easternmost members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization had put their armed forces on emergency alerts American military of ficials in Washington said they believed an armed clash between Greece and Turkey was unlikely Joseph Sisco President Nix ons special emissary flew to London for talks with British and Turkish leaders on the Cyprus crisis He was expected to try to persuade the Turks to stay any use of force against the junta that toppled Makarios Monday Britain is spearheading diplomatic pressure to try to defuse the situation On the Mediterranean island itself the Cyprus national guard pressed a massive manhunt for leftwing politicians and others who supported Makarios More than 1000 persons have been arrested since the guards Greek officers led it in the revolt Soldiers began houseto house searches in the capital of Nicosia and other cities towns and villages on Wednesday Turkish premier Bulent Ecevit brought his defense and interior ministers to London conferred late Wednesday night with Prime Minister Harold Wilson and Foreign Secretary James Callaghan and prepared to fly back to Ankara today for an emergency session of the Turkish parliament There was no indication however what the British told him they would do to prevent the 115000 Turkish Cypriots being brought under the Greek rule After bomb blast Tower of London security increased London AP British police put stronger security measures in force today following a bomb explosion in the Tower of London that killed one woman ard injured 37 persons The bomb blast was the fourth In England in four days and p lice believed all were set by the Irish Republican Army Guards were strengthened at places of entertainment and government buildings The public was warned to watch for letter bombs or abandoned parcels in railway and subway stations and car parks Scotland Yard appealed to tourists who were taking pic tures at the Tower around the time of the explosion to contact them They were already stu dying a film taken by Joan Halgran 29 from Minnesota who said she saw a man running from the Tower within seconds of the explosion The bomb went off at 2 pm Wednesday in a stone dungeon in the basement of the White Tower where a crowd of tourists many of them foreigners were looking at cannon and suits of armor Many others had just left the building to watch the changing of the guard A number of the injured were children Detectives found a childs foot in the wreckage There was little structural damage to the Tower but some of the historic collection of arms and armor was badly damaged The government said the Tower which is visited by 10000 sightseers daily in the summer would be open today but the bombed area was closed in definitely Nixon gave belated plumbers approval Washington AP President Nixon privately voiced afterthefact approval of the White House plumbers burglary despite his public repudiation of it according to evidence just released by the House impeachment panel Documents said Assistant At ty Gen Henry Petersen told the Watergate Grand Jury that Nixon ordered the Justice Department away from the case in a telephone conversation April 18 1973 I know about that you stay out of that And John D Ehrlichman who overheard Nixons end of the talk with Petersen said the President told him moments af ter hanging up that the plumbers breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsbergs psychiatrist was fully justified by the circumstances Ehrlichman who last week was convicted on four felony counts related to the incident said Nixon again indicated his afte the fact approval in early May 1973 He quoted Nixon directly as saying I surely recognize the valid na tional security reasons it was done Ehrlichmans statements were in an affadavit dated April 30 this year Nixon claimed publicly last summer that he had no knowledge of the burglary beforehand that he would have prohibited it if he did and that he viewed it as completely deplorable House inquiry says private sanction offer the fact of Ellsberg breakin job The Justice Department an affidavit that Nixon was so worked up over Ellsberg that he several days after Nixons talk with Petersen ultimately in formed the judge in Ellsbergs Pentagon Papers trial of the breakin having first sought and received the Presidents concurrence The contradictions over the Presidents role in the case were among four new volumes of im peachment evidence totaling 2090 pages released today by the House Judiciary Committee A fifth volume 225 pages con tained defense evidence The White House defense on the Ellsbrg burglary stopped declared in July of 1971 two months before the breakin thaf I dont give a damn how it is done do whatever has to be done to stop these leaks I dont want excuses I want results I want it done whatever the cost On another key matter the documents showed that Nixons closest aides using information which the late J Edgar Hoover had classified Top Secret and addressed d a i 1 y to the Presi dent attempted to turn a na tional security wiretap into LUC ll short of claiming legitimacy for political gam at home it but hinted strongly that such j That disclosure came among a measures were warranted by hefty and heavily censored concern over leaks sheaf of FBI files sent to the j Nowhere is there any hard j committee on the telephone evidence thai Nixon might have surveillance in 1969 and 1970 off known of the operation in ad 13 government officials and xour j vance or for that matter until newsmen John W Dean mentioned it on Hoover in a Dec 29 letter to March 17 1973 But it was noted the President noted that one of that Ehrlichman spoke with I the men being wiretapped had Nixon at length on the same day received a call from former that Ehrlichman was himself I Secretary of Defense ClarK briefed by one of the principals Clifford after the operation I Clifford remarked in the con And Charles W Colson said in i versation that he was sharpening up his attack on Nixons Vietnam war policy wrote Hoover Clifford named a number of public forums in cluding a thenupcoming article in Life magazine in which he intended to criticize the Presi dent Hoovers letter sparked a number of memoranda ex changes among such White House aides as H R Haldeman Ehrlichman Alexander But terfield Jeb Stuart Magruder and Jim Keogh as to coun termeasures against Clif ford Also among the wiretap documents were three Hoover memors which listed Dr Henry A Kissinger as directly authorizing the interceptions Kissinger has denied under oath that he did any such thing and has threatened to resign if he is not cleared of the allega tions In the separate volume of evidence compiled by Nixnns lawyer James D St Clair the wiretapping was portrayed as perfectly legal and high necessary because of news leaks in that period But neither in St Cl airs evidence nor in the four com mittee volumes is there any in dication that any of the wiretaps some of which lasted for months on end produced proof that the national security was being compromised Most of the names were censored from the related documents to avoid public invasion of their privacy OOPs McClory impeachment likely poses seven SgXfS 1 And Associated Press j Nixon Assneiated Press crimes growing out of th M1X011 Wllll vjuiauuua ui jii i I Constitution and the laws of the by the Associated t Brook maior The s ec o n d r a n k i n g UntedIStaes Republican on the House Female deputy joins manhunt near Miami APWirephoto Abductor kills Miami man wife strikes end By the Associated Press Tentative agreements have ended strikes of Rhode Island prison guards and 4000 state employes in Ohio but nearly a quarter of a million other Americans stayed away from work today as a result of labor disputes Communications workers authorized a strike against the Bell Telephone System and pickets marched at two airlines Arizona copper mines San Francisco bus garages and a Minnesota snowmobile maker Walkouts also affected municipal workers in hundreds of cities and private in dustry The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service said it has tallied more strikes than at any time since it began counting in 1959 with 230000 workers in volved in 588 strikes during the week that ended last Mon day Strip mine bill alternative urged Washington AP Opponents of a tough strip mining bill drafted by the House Interior Committee are lining up behind a rival version they claim win protect the environ ment without cutting coal pro duction Rep Craig Hosmer RCalif the leading opponent of the committee bill moved Wednes day to substitute his milder regulatory bill in its place His motion was to be voted on today as the House resumed debate on legislation to establish national environmental standards for the surface mining of coal Hosmer told colleagues the committee bill which establishes numerous specific standards for strip mining and land reclamation is heavy with twists and turns and en vironmental fish hooks Hosmers bill by contrast generally would permit strip mining as long as mining com panies could demonstrate that the land they mined could be restored Rep Morris K Udall DAriz floor manager for the committee bill said the Hosmer proposal would do little to protect the environment He said Americans are filled with a sense of outrage over past strip mining abuses that have scarred the mountainsides of Appalachia and other areas and want it to stop House Republican Leader John J Rhodes of Arizona said the committee bill leans too far towards overregulation But Rep Ken Hechler DW Va said he doesnt plan to support either bill Claiming there is no environmentally sound way to strip mine coal Hechler told the House that either measure would lead to the appalachianizing of the West Hechler says he will offer the House legislation that would phase out strip mining entirely as a third alternative to the committee and Hosmer pro posals His bill is endorsed by a number o f environmental groups Miami AP A young abductor who was paid ransom by his wealthy boss shot the executive and his wife to death in their expensive car then pleaded Dont shoot before surren dering to authorities the FBI says Slain were Sydney Gans 64 the owner of a prosperous paper bag company and his 60year old wife Lillian who had been held hostage by the gunman Authorities said the man taken into custody was an employ of Gans firm but they knew of no animosity between the two Police identified the abductor as Thomas Knight 23 of Miami He was charged with two counts of firstdegree murder FBI Special Agent Ken Whit taker said of Gans He decided he wanted to get the money and turn it over to the gunman because he was afraid about his wife Gans rushed into a downtown Miami bank Wednesday and told the bank president that his wife was being held by a gunman He said he needed The bank officer called the FBI and Whittaker and another agent rushed to the scene Whittaker said Gans told him the gunman was circling the block with Mrs Gans in the couples MercedesBenz The FBI arranged for surveillance of the car being driven by Mrs Gans while the gunman held a semiautomatic carbine to her head Whittaker said had paid ransom of Judiciary Committee said today that the chances are the House of Representatives will vote to impeach President Nix on Rep Robert McClory RI11 said he would guess that four or five of the 17 Republicans on the committee will join the Democratic majority in recom mending impeachment Asked what impact that would have on the House as a whole McClory said that although the case is extraordinary the House ordinarily follows the lead of its committees Meanwhile White Hnuse lawyer James StClair made his final argument in Nixons iJ OLdtCO A draft of the articles was I charge that distributed privately by Brooks I justice by a Nixon series crimes growing Watergate breakin and a cover up and the burglary of the office of Daniel Ellsbergs doctor article is a obstructed of actions St Clair a new transcript Washington AP White House lawyer James St Clair today gave the House Judiciary Committee a partial transcript of a presidential con versation he said proved Presi dent Nixon was not aware of and did not approve paying hush money to Watergate defen dants St Clair briefing newsmen after a closeddoor summation of his impeachment defense had been resolv Mrs Gans was forced to drive to a lonely wooded area in southwest Miami The abductor then shot each in the head and fled into the underbrush as police and agents closed in on him authorities said John Shapiro husband of Cans daughter Harriet said the abductor was at the company office when Gans got there on Wednesday morning He had a submachine gun and made him drive home and get his wife Shapiro said The FBI said the gunman then forced the couple to drive to City National Bank where Gans told his story to bank president Daniel Gill and later to Whit takerrand the other agent Gans also described the weapon as a submachine gun Police later found it was a short semiautomatic 3 0 c a 1 i b e r carbine He Gans was more con cerned for the welfare of his wife than for his own safety said Gill Unfortunately it appears that he the abductor meant to kill them all along said Whit taker impeachment conversation the com committees consideration pro provide St Clair said he gave it to the something because former i White House Counsel John W i st ciajr sajj the transcript he Dean Ills testimony before the presented to committee hisDS covered a conversation between money conversation with Nix on St Clair said Dean in his Senate Watergate Committee testimony last year said he left the March 211973 conversation with Nixon feeling the matter of payments to Watergate burglar Hunt was unresolv Howard ed But testifying before the Judiciary Committee last week St Clair said Dean indicated staff R Haldeman early in the morning of March 22 St Clair said the excerpt he supplied to the committee quoted Nixon as saying blackmail would not be paid to the Watergate defendants A crucial part of the com mittees Watergate evidence is that was paid to Hunt the night of March 21 following Deans talk with Nixon Area colleges spend less DRY Index Tonight fair low in low or mid 70s Friday high in 90s Continued dry Saturday through Monday with highs in the 90s and lows from mid 60s to low 70s Classified Comics TV Bridgt Crossword Editorials Family Living Records Sports Weather details map 1923 27 4 47 24 1517 24 By Dave Butler Of The Southern Illinoisan Three area junior colleges and Southern Illinois Univer sity at Carbondale spend less money producing each credit hour of instruction for stu dents than most colleges and universities in Illinois accord ing to a state study recently completed The cost per credit hour is the basis used by the state to compare costs at one school against others The state uses the credithour basis instead of trying to determine what it cost a particular school each year to educate a par ticular student The cost un der that system would vary with the number of hours tak en For Southern Illinois the Il linois Board of Higher Educa tion report indicates that John A Logan CoUege of Carter ville and Shawnee College of Ullin spend far below the state average of per credit hour of instruction per year Logan was the second low est statewide at Shaw nee spends per credit hour also far below the state average Illinois Eastern Col lege Olney is lowest at Community College of Decat er is highest at The other area junior col Three junior colleges SIUC below state average study says lege Rend Lake near Ina spends per credit hour slightly above the state aver age but not one of the most expensive in the state The junior college averages cover all forms of instruction The figures include only costs directly related to instruction The study does not make any qualitative judgments on which schools may be offering a better education The report simply lists figures On the university level SIU C is slightly above the states average cost of per stu dent credit hour of instruction SIUCs cost is The average figures include undergraduate graduate and doctoral programs SIUC ranks fourth state wide out of 12 universities Governors State was most ex pensive at per hour fol lowed by Sangamon State at and the University of Illi nois at ChampaignUrbana at SIUEdwardsville is sixth statewide The figures are somewhat misleading according to John Baker an assistant provost at SIUC Baker said the average fig ures do not indicate which universities offer a wide range of graduate and doc toral programs He said those schools generally will have higher costs per student credit hour because the higher level courses are more involved time consuming and have few er students The state report indicates that universities can produce the first two years of classes more cheaply than most jun ior colleges It costs univer sities an average of com pared to the figure for junior colleges At SIUC the cost for edu cating freshmen and sopho mores is per credit hour above the university aver age but below the junior col lege cost SIUC spends to educate juniors and seniors compared to a state average of The largest cost for SIUC falls in the graduate and doc toral levels The university spends for each graduate hour compared to state wide For doctoral students SIUC spends compared to a state average of only In interpreting the data Baker said that some univer sities have only a few doctoral programs which push down the cost He said schools with wellestablished doctoral pro grams with high enrollment also have lower costs sort of caught be tween the two trying to ex pand and building our pro gram Baker said Another important figure in the report is the portion of the total amount spent for salaries SIUC spends less than per credit hour for teachers salaries compared to a state average of nearly SIUC is second lowest Baker said SIUC is low in this area because aries are lower at the univer sity than at most others I think we stack up pretty well in the report Baker said And the good thing is that these figures are from 7273 and do not Indicate the big cuts we have sustained the last year Weshould look evenbetter in thenext report