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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - July 14, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFPICI 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Hvrln 212 N 16Hl Southern Illinoisan Volume a Copy 5 Comlci Family Weekly Tabloid SuppUi to Htrrln Daily Journal Murphysbero SUNDAY JULY 14 1974 Watergate panel ends job New York Times News Service And Associated Press Washington The Senate Watergate Com mittee in its last official action released Saturday a final report In which it proposed a sweeping overhaul of campaign and other statues that it predicted would help preclude another Watergate The 2217page report con cluding an 18month investiga tion that first focused attention or the scandal was drawn almost entirely from testimony and documents previously made public It provided no new revelations and carefully refrained from assigning guilt or innocence in particular areas to President Nixon or his aides But in its unanimous report the sevenmember committee said the nation needs an election commission to supervise federal campaigns and a permanent public prosecutor to enforce political laws free from the in terference of the executive branch Those were two of 37 recommendations The committee said the public financing of campaigns is not needed to assure the ending of financing abuses and that public financing is a threat to free expression The Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign ac tivities presented in minute detail the most complete report to date on the burglary cover up and assorted acts of cor ruption fraud and abuse of of ficial power that now carry the collective name of Watergate Just Findings In deference to the House Judiciary Committees im peachment inquiry and the im pending Watergate coverup trial the report presented only the committees findings It did not contain the conclusions of responsibility for specific il legalities that had been included in earlier unofficial drafts leak ed to reporters But it referred to the sordid events following the bungled Watergate breakin more than Senate committee advises sweeping campaign reform two years ago and termed the subsequent disclosures of the abuse of power one of Americas most tragic happen ings While the committee also found evidence of illegal cam paign finance practices by some Democratic presidential can ididates including Sen Hubert j Humphrey DMinnesota and Rep Wilbur Mills DArk ansas it exonerated both the Republican and Democratic National Committees of any improprieties The report contained no substantial corroboration for the testimony of John W Dean 3D the former White House Counsel who before millions ot television viewers charged the President himself with having been deeply involved in the Watergate coverup But several committee mem bers agreed at the news confer ence Saturday that they had learned nothing in the interven ing year that would discredit Dean whose allegations have become a major issue in the Houses impeachment inqury Six Individual Statements and campaign aides with having forgotten if they ever knew that the constitution is designed to be law for rulers and people alike Sen Edward J Gurney R Fla who was President Nixons chief defender at the hearings said that while there was a scheme in high places in the administration to burglarize Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex no proof has been un covered that Nixon knew of it or coverup that follow Chairman Howard H said that committee of the ed Vice Baker Jr Term evidence before the does not answer the question of what the President or other in dividuals knew or when they Future presidents also would be placed under tighter rein They would be forbidden from creating a private investigating unit such as President Nixons plumbers And they would be required to make public their annual income tax returns The report calls the creation of a Federal Elections Com mission to replace the present administration of election laws and said this would be probably the most significant reform that could emerge from the Watergate scandal Such a body given substantial investigatory and enforcement powers could not only help insure that misconduct would be prevented in the future but that investigations of wrongdoing would be vigorous and conducted with the confidence of the public the report said As for campaign spending the committee said that what now seems appropriate is not the abandonment of private financ ing but rather the reform of that system in an effort to vastly expand the voluntary participa tion of individual citizens while avoiding the abuses of earlier campaigns Limit Cash Donations Under the panels proposals Rep Clyde Choate DAnna gives thumbs up signal of victory after House forced Senate into special Special session frees bill Springfield AP over a controversial amend jvnov IL 11 vj uvw VJJH r I yjgf g IW I1U i tMCdL LllC d Vi ICL TnSTlt the Democratic National Comj nundreds Of thousands of dollars Saturday the Illinois Senate The unusual special session of mittee headquarters was twice m casn flowed through the ui v iuuctu ii vi T i UnQGI LIlc Uallcl a knew it nor does it explain why there Would be no repeat of the After a brief special sessiun of an illegal en While the Republican committees three members joined with their four Democratic col leagues in unanimously approv ing the findings and did not produce a separate minority report six of the seven senators appended statements of their individual views In a statement peppered with the Biblical and poetic references for which be became known during the Watergate hearings Chairman Sam Ervin charged Nixons White House Two committee members Sen Daniel K Inouye D Hawaii and Joseph M Montoya DNM dissented against the committees 52 decision not to endorse the public financing of future presidential campaigns although they erdorsed the report as a whole freed a appropriaonly one house was called by n cas Nixonrelection campaign Cash tions bill stalled in a dispute Daniel Walker Friday donations would be limited to no more than Present tax law would be liberalized to provide a full tax credit for any donation up to Spending in a presidential cam paign would be limited in the to 12cents for each person of voting age Peaceful end sought in case of hostages The said the public financing i Contributions by organizations is favored both by Congress and would blimited to no more the public than a step which would It Sen Herman E Talmaoge D1 eliminate such groups as the Georgia did not submit an adAmerican Milk Producers Inc dendum from making huge contributions As adopted the committee j which went to 1972 cam report would retain private paigns financing of political campaigns Significant violation of cam but would severely limit to a j paign laws would total the amount any1 one individual could give felonies with more penalties become severe Panel Was Nixon influenced on milk Washington AP note at the end of these quesambassadors Administration officials tions citing the federal bribery Herbert W Kalmbach the provided circumstances that statutes Presidents chief fundraiser 1 in I concentrated his efforts on rich the individuals and got promises of were ripe milkfund Watergate for abuse affair the committee in the Senate said The seven unanimous senators adopting report rejected an earlier con elusion by members Democratic who wrote Saturday in its final report The panel drew no conclusion about the truth of allegations dairymens campaign donations that the President himself was nnneared to be directly linked to more than million in staff donations More than half of it that I was promised following an in timate White House dinner at influenced by promises of cam paign donations when he raised milk prices supports in 1971 The committee said The fundamanetal questions re main was the Presidents decision influenced by or made in contemplation of contribu tions by the dairy industry to his 1972 presidential campaign And were the dairy contribu tions solicited made or received by the Presidents aides cam paign officials andor the dairy lobby for or because of the price support decision The committee placed a foot the price increase Instead chairman Sam J Ervin DNC said he preferred to let the facts speak for themselves The committee focused on how the major presidential can didates raised the more than million used in the 1972 presidential races Among the other findings A dozen corporations il legally donated to the Nixon campaign The Nixon campaign received about million from persons who have been ap tended by the President and a few millionaries Clement Stone John Mulcahy Richard Scaife Smith and John pointed by President Nixon asjployes Rollins A survey of top corporate 1 officials showed they gave 100 times more to President Nixons campaign than to that of his Democratic opponent Sen George McGovern DSD The committee found that Nixon fund raisers engaged in systematic solicitation of cam paign contributions from cor porate executives and middle management salaried em By contrast another survey by the committee found that McGovern received 15 times as j much support from a sample of labor unions as did Nixon No evidence of illegal union activity was found the report said The committee said it had found no evidence that McGovern had violated the law against corporate campaign donations when he underpaid campaign bills by at a time when be was shifting of leftover presidential donations into his present cam paign for reelection to the Senate Earlier the committee staff had written that this might have violated at least the spirit of the law but the senators deleted that statement when published accounts of it pro mpted a strong protest from McGovern Washineton CAP Federal authorities settled downfor a long wait Saturday in hope of achieving a bloodies end to an armed impasse with two convicts trying to barter their freedom in exchange for seven hostages The pace of negotiations with the convicts stepped up as evening approached said Christian Rice a spokesman for the US marshals office but he saw no likelihood of an early break in the threedayold stand off The hostages reportedly were unharmed George K McKinney chief US marshal for the District of Columbia and a principal negotiator said he is hopeful the entire situation can be resilved wittnut bloodshed He told reporters progress was being made A Justice Department spokesman Robert L Stevenson said the two armed convicts had been told the government could not accept as night only hours General Assembly until November after the adjourned House leaders requested the special session after they refus ed to agree to an amendment reporters he had reason to feel that the House would approve the amendment although the house defeated the measure twice previously Many of the 42 senators who showed up for the session late that the Senate attached lo a j Saturday afternoon were bill The Senate had adjourned three hours before the House completed its its business Because both houses rnust agree completely on the final form of legislation the ap propriations bill was stymied for various agencies and a pay raise for about 50000 state employes of now their demand for In speciai session the SUNNY Mostly sunny today very hot and humid with highs in the mid to upper 90s Tonight fair continued warm and hu mid Lows in the low to mid 70s Monday partly sunny con tinued very hot and humid Light mostly southeast to south winds today Winds up to 8 to 12 miles an hour to night plane passage out of the coun try He said that position was not likely to change How long were authorities willing to negotiate he was asked As long as necessary Stevenson replied Officials described the site tion as clam and said the con victs and hostages had been provided with food newspapers shaving materials and other Senate agreed by a 39 to 3 vote to remove the controversial amendment and the measuie was sent to the governor The disputed amendment in volved a reimbursement to three employes of the state Mental Health Department found guilty of violating an employes civil rights at Manteno State Hospital near Kankakee The chief supporter of the SfldVUlg jujdldltuo diiu x i toilet supplies indicating they amendment Sen Edward did not expect an early break in McBroom RKankatee tola already home Friday night when they received telegrams about the special session Senators seemed restrained and there was virtually no response to the lambasting Fri day night by several House members who called the Senate action obnoxious arrogant and sleazy In fact the harshest words were directed at the Senate by one of its own members Sen Dawn Clark Netsch Chicago said We have let this institution get away from us We have let our rules our leadership and political deals take over But the Democratic leader Sen Cecil A Partee of Chicago disagreed and said the Senate had conducted its business pro perly The art of politics is the art of compromise he said the standoff McKinney described a s potentially helpful the convicts decision to release 14 inmates caught in the US District Courthouse cellblock when Qie takeover occurred Thursday afternoon A 15th inmate and the only woman Almeda Washington 24 stayed in the cellblock McKin ney said he did not know why The temporary detention center is in the basement of US District Court building famous for its Watergate hearings and trials The 14 maler inmates were allowed out of the building for transfer to other jails early Saturday in what the Justice Department said was an effort by the convicts to show good faith Inside today DODGING BULLETS play ing golf and cuddling babies are all a part of a days work for Clyde Webb of Mur physboro Story by Marta Ladd on Page 24 BARTENDER philosopher bouncer and trouble shooter are just some of the roles Leolia Crawford plays as the owner of Pistols in Freeman Spur Story by Barb Leebens on Page 24 TRASH turned into trea sures for many who attend neighborhood yard sales story by Kathie Pratt on Page 17 WALT FRAZIER remin isces about that wonderful year 1967 Page 9 BASKETBALL will not be the game of Walt Frazier III Page 10 BOB GIBSON fails in quest for 3000th strikeout Page 11 INDEX Ann Landers 5A Bridge IDA Business 3334 Byline BG 2 Classified 2529 Crossword 5A Editorials 32 Family Living 720 Finance 3538 Records 5 Sports M4 Television SA12A Weather details map t Army engineers may call off study of three area reservoirs By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan The US Army Corps of En gineers may call off the study of a controversial early action plan for the Big Muddy River Basin which proposed the crea tion of three new reservoirs in Southern Illinois The Corps St Louis district office is consulting with the state and has talked to area resource organizations about terminating the study Emmett Hahn director of the project for the Corps says Hahn said a lack of economic justification interest and need are the main factors in the Corps tentative decision to end the study There is no strong area feel ing in favor of the reservoirs and the ratio of benefits to costs for the projects is very poor he said The highest ratio is 101 for one of the reservoirs This means one dollar and one cent return on every dollar spent The others were lower than that a national indicating scale the that on projects would lose money Hahn said that the Corps had been told that there might be legislation enacted that would allow consideration of the bene fitcost ratio on a regional rat her than national basis which he said would improve the benefits but this was never done In addition inflation has un doubtedly increased the costs since 1971 when the last cost estimate was made he said The early action plan ran into opposition as soon as it was unveiled to the public for the first time at a hearing in Mt Veron in November of 1972 About 300 people attended the meeting and most of them spoke out against the three pro posed lakes The opposition centered among farmers concered about inundation of farmland and en vironmental groups who said the lakes could destroy valuable Southern Illinois natural areas Both groups questioned the idea that the lakes would bring benefits to the economically de pressed segments of the popu lation The early action program by the Corps included three pro posed of about 700 acres on Indian Creek in the Crab Orchard watershed with an estimated cost of million one of 3670 acres on the Little Muddy River north of Du Quoin and about seven miles west of Rend Lake with a price tag of about mil lion and a third on Middle Fork Creek east of Rend Lake and south of the FranklinJef ferson county line with an esti mated cost of million The report also proposed about 150 miles of recreation alenvironmental corridors along the Big Muddy River The Corps has received for fiscal year 1975 to continue the study Hahn said that if the study is dropped the money will return to Con gress Congress must authorize money for specific Corps pro jects and the Corps does not have the option of switching funds from one project to ano ther Hahn said For example one of the sug gestions in the report was Corps study of stripmined land no funds were ever authorized for that purpose The Corps talked to the Great er Egypt Regional Planning and Development Commission and the Rend Lake and Kinkaid Reeds Creek conservancy dis tricts as representatives of local planning and concluded there is no strong push for the lakes in this area Hahn said They also consulted Mary Lee Leahy adviser to the governor and Leo Eisel direcotr of the Office of Water Resource Man agement in the Illinolis Dept of Transportation The next step will be to bring the matter before Rep Kenneth dropped because of the anti cipated costs The study is the only really comprehensive look at the whole basin area the whole flow regime of the Big Muddy and its and therefore has value he said We hate just to hang it on the factor that we cant build three lakes and thats that he said There are lots of things in blems is deciding priorities of possibly conflicting needs For example the worldwide food crisis may call for more utili zation of land for farming while the energy crisis may increase the need for mining and in Southern Illinois for more water resources to support coal gasification plants But the federal and state gov ernments have never really placed it in perspective ne J Gray DWest Frankfort who jsive approach has favored the plan and II1 Kirkikis said that if the study linois senators Democrat Adlaijis dropped the planning corn Stevenson and Republican Charj mission would like to have all the comprehensive study that j said and provide no real lead are we drop thelership for regional and local study well lose the comprehen governments les Percy he said I the information gathered by the AS Kirkikis water resources Corps to aid in local planning planning director for the Great er Egypt commission said that the commission feels the study has merit in many other facets even if the reservoir plans are efforts It still provides a data base we would love to have that base information available he said Kirkikis said one of the pro The most valuable things in the report in the commissions opinion including the recrea tionalenvironmental or green belt corridors on therivers and flood plain un fortunately not those things that are extremely highranking in the Corps justification for its work Kirkikis said Corps projects traditionally have stood or fallen on largescale con struction projects such as the reservoirs State reaction to dropping the study basically agreed with the Corps conclusion about the low benefitcost ratio But while Mrs Leahy and Eisel voiced no objections to dropping the reservoir projects Eisel echoed the area planning commissions concern about los ing potentiality valuable infor mation by dropping the entire study The department is encourag ing the Corps to lean more on nonstructural matters such as the proposed river corridors he said Under the recent 1974 Water Resources Development Act such measures could receive 80 per cent federal a larger amount than nonstruc tural projects could ever re ceive before Eisel said
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