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Southern Illinoisan Newspaper Archive: July 10, 1974 - Page 1

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Publication: Southern Illinoisan

Location: Carbondale, Illinois

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   Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - July 10, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois                                010175 ir LIBfiARr SNEWSPAPERS PUBLICATION Off KM earbondale Murphyiboro Harrln 710 N IlllnoU 1113 Walnut 212 N lath So Volume MNo a Copy Kissinger No IVCCMMT Fret Prm Hwrln Dally Journil Murphysboro Indtpwdint WEDNESDAY JULY 10 W4 Washington AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger testified for 90 seconds in the plumbers trial today and said he never requested that a psychological profile be prepared on Daniel Ellsberg in 1971 Kissinger answered only three questions one from an attorney for John D Ehrlichman the others from an assistant special Watergate prosecutor Ehrlichmans attorneys sub poenaed Kissinger in an attempt to shake the credibility of a key prosecution witness David R Young who worked separately in the White House for both Kissinger and Ehrlichman A CIA official had testified that Young told him in August 1971 that both Kissinger and Ehrlichman had requested that the agency prepare a psychological study of Ellsberg who had two months before leaked the Pentagon Papers study of the Vietnam war to the news media Ehrlichmans attorney William Frates asked Kiss inger On or prior to Aug 12 1971 did you authorize David Young to directly or indirectly obtain a psychological profile on Daniel Ellsberg from the CIA Kissinger I did not The defense said ithad no more questions Assistant pro secutor Philip Bakes asked if Kissinger knew whether such a study was in the works or if he knew of any plan to gather psychological information about Ellsberg To both questions Kissinger answered I had no such knowledge Kissinger in 1971 was Nixons chief national security ad visor Kissinger was the final witness in the trial now in its 10th day US District Judge Gerhard A Gesell said defense and pro secution attorneys will present final arguments Thursday Gesell plans to issue final in Gesell ta the jury of six men and six women Friday The plumbers planned and carried out the Sept 3 1971 breakin at the Beverly Hills Calif office of psychiatrist Dr Lewis J Fielding in an unsuccessful search for Ellsbergs psychiatric records Through his approval of the entry Ehrlichman 49 is ac cused of conspiring to violate Fieldings rights He also faces four counts of lying to the FBI and a grand jury St Clair plays down transcript differences Washington AP President Nixons lawyer is playing down differences between the White House ac count of Watergate and newly released House Judiciary Com mittee transcripts that quote the President as telling aides to cover up the scandal if called before Senate investigators Presidential lawyer James D St Clair told reporters today he Judiciary Committee hearing on believes the committee impeachment It is the overall transcripts and transcripts gist of it that counts released I earlier by the White St Clair denied that the White a fruitful exercise said during a brief questionand answer session with reporters before entering a House Sample ticket The Illlneit lottery ticket includes three games The five twodigit numbers in the upper raw left are far weekly letto in which you can match all five numbers for any four for or any three num bers for The two three digit numbers in the upper row right for the week ly bonanza in which you can match the two numbers to become eigible for or at a special drawing The two threedigit numbers the lower right are for the big prixa the million aire game You win if you match the numbers and you become automati cally eligible for the mil lion prize or prizes of or at a special drawing Num bers can be matched in any order Area lottery office to locate in Marion President Nixon on April A lottery office to serve the lower 19 Southern Illinois counties will be located in Marion Milt Witt executive secre tary of the Marion Chamber of Commerce announced the lo cation of the lottery office Tues day at a chamber dinner Witt said lottery officials are looking for s site in Mar lon Applicants for office staff were inteviewed Monday Witt said He said the office will em ploy 10 salesmen and a man ager The salesmen will earn Lottery process explained Story on page 3 a month and an office man ager will make plus use of state cars Witt said Ralph Batch superintendenl of lottery could not be reach ed today for comments on when the office will open UMWA board backs mining bill He defended the deletion from the White House transcript of a sixpage section dealing with the Presidents position regarding testimony by White House aides before the Senate Watergate committee We felt it was not that rele vant St Clair said today Asked about the deletion Tuesday St Clair said I dont believe the relationship with the Senate select committee was necessarily relevant to the Judiciary committees im peachment inquiry We furnished the tape to the House committee so if they felt It was relevant they could publish it which they did St Clair said However the Los Angeles Times said the segment in question was obtained by the committee by accident The Times said the commit tees lawyers were able to copy the segment when a Secret Service agent at the White House overseeing the copying of White House tapes inadvertently let a recorder run past a section of a March 22 1973 conversa tion previously transcribed Nixon is quoted in that seg ment of the tape as telling aides to stonewall it let them plead the Fifth Amendment coverup or anything else if called before the Senate Watergate committee St Clair said it would be a gross distortion to use that quote without also using a sentence that followed in which Nixon is quoted as saying On the other hand uh uh I would prefer as I said to you that you do rt the other way The other way apparently refers to a suggestion that the committee accept a report to be written by former White House Counsel John W Dean III in stead of calling White House aides to tesitfy As for other differences between the White House and committee transcripts of eight presidential Watergate con versations St Clair added My experience has been that if you have three people listen to a tape you get three varia tions John Doar chief counsel for the impeachment inquiry said his staff utilized the latest THREATENING Washington A controversial House strip mining bill has won the support of the United Mine Workers executive board an endorse ment a leading sponsor says could help pass the bill A statement supporting the legislation was released Tues day by UMW President Arnold Miller on the eve of a key House Rules Committee vote on the bill Miller said a majority of the unions executive board ob viously believes that the bill in it current form will protect the of our membership and could in fact lead to a long range revitalization of the coal The endorsement was hailed by Rep Morris K Udall D Ariz floor manager for the bill as possibly the decisive factor needed to win enough votes to pass the bill Udall said he has commit ments from nine of the 15 Rules Committee members to vote to day to send the bill to the House floor so it can be debated on July 16 The bill already passed in the Senate would impose the first federal controls on surface mining of coal and would re quire mine companies to restore stripmined land to its approx imate original contours The bill has been endorsed by environ mentalists sophisticated electronic equip ment in preparing the transcripts and they represented the best job we can do After a full day of listening to testimony in closed session few members had any comments on the staff study Committee members heard the tapes in closed evidentiary sessions in May but they didnt get the staff comparison with the White House transcripts un til Tuesday the day it was made public In the March 22 passage omitted from the White House transcripts Nixon is quoted in the committee version as telling aides I dont give a shit what happens I want you all to stonewall it let them plead the Fifth Amendment coverup or anything else if called before the Senate Watergate com mittee Other differences were less dramatic The House version did confirm that Nixons comment about Watergate conspirator E Howard Hunt Jrs hush money demand was at one point Well for Christs sake get it The White House version was Ex pletive deletedrget it In his introduction to a 130 page volume entitled Com parison of Passages Com mittee Chairman Peter W Rodino Jr DNJ said the study which listed the dif ferences sidebyside does not draw any conclusions for or the significance of the dif ferences Like the chairman Doar emphasized that the final decision on the significance of differences and on which version to accept would have to be made by committee members They are scheduled to begin debating next week whether there are grounds for the impeachment of President Nixon Release of the transcripts was the first step in scheduled disclosure of thousands of pages of evidence the committee has received from its impeachment staff More material is expected to come put by weeks end President Nixon chats with Senate Majority Leader Mike brfor Whit meeting today add weight to circumstantial case Transcripts lack final revelation1 By Jack W Germond c Washington StarNews Washington In its 218page version of eight of President Nixons conversa tions the House Judiciary Com mittee has circumspectly deleted any defamatory degrading or embarrassing material But what readers will find most conspicuously missing is the ultimate revelation about Watergate the answer to the question Sen Howard Baker was asking a year ago What did the President know and when did he know it If it is accepted as accurate the committeeJtranscript seems to add considerableweight to the circumstantial case that the President was part of the effort to conceal White House involve ment in Watergate It quotes him for example as saying his first concern was to protect our people rather than to find out if they were in truth clean on the facts But the critical word is c i r c u m s tantial when members of the House facing the prospect of having tovote on impeachment want something that is undeniable in controvertible absolute They want to use the new cliche of Capitol Hill the smoking pistol and it isnt there This doesnt necessarily mean that the straws of new informa tion in the committee transcript cant tip the impeachment decision It is always possible that a House member may find a particular presidential com ment is the one that persuades him that there is adequate probable cause to justify a trial in the Senate Butthe new material doesnt ease the chafing political discomfort the House is suffer Nevre j analysis J ing in its role as grand jury Whatever they are supposed to be doing in theory the Congressmen realize that in the eyes of the voters they will be passing judgment on Nixons guilt or innocence when they vote on impeachment And the new product of the Judiciary Committee reveals nothing that is likely to make those voters exclaim Thats it the verdict is obvious beyond any question There is nonetheless a pat tern in the committees cor rections of an additions to the White House transcripts that would be politically damaging to the President if the electorate were not so inured to new Watergate shocks The committee version in cludes several substantial passages not recorded in the White House transcript in eluding one Section of a March 22 1973 conversa tion If Is here that Nixon is reported to have said I dont give a shit what happens I want you all to stonewall it let them plead the 5th Amendment coverup or anything else if itll save it save the plan Thats he whole point And a moment later Nixon is shown criticizing the priority that Dwight D Eisenhower gave to finding out whether his men were in fact innocent of ac cusations against them Thats all he cared about He only cared about Christ be sure he was clean Both in the Nixon fund thing and the Sherman Adams thing But I dont look at it that way And I just thats the thing I am really concerned with Were going to protect our people If we can Nixon keeps open option ot defying high court c New York Times Washington President Nixons lawyer James D St Clair said Tuesday that he did not know whether the President would obey a Supreme Court order to turn over sub poenaed White House tapes St Clair made it clear that the President was at least keeping open the option of defying the court He also made clear what the Presidents explanation would be should he defy the court the public interest Speaking to reporters at the House Judiciary Committees impeachment proceedings Nix ons lawyer remarked that it would take some time perhaps two months to pro cess the tapes in question President asks and answers Stories pages 5 and 14 It would require some time he went on if the President is required to by the court and determines it is in the public interest to do so The question he added has not yet been decided St Clair who had declined to even discuss the matter for months had hinted Monday to the court itself that the President might not consider himself completely bound by a high court ruling But Tuesday he was more ex plicit than he had been in his somewhat veiled remarks at the courts hearing into the access to White House tape recordings of 64 conversations sought by Leon Jaworski the Watergate special prosecutor As a result St Clair raised the prospect of a monumental constitutional collision un precedented in the nations history For although at least one former president is known to have considered defying the Supreme Court no president as far as is known has ever ac tually done so Defiance of the Supreme Court moreover would un doubtedly be a ground for im peachment Chance of thunderstorms to night low in lower 70s Thurs day continued hot and humid with chance of thunderstorms and high in low or mid 90s Friday through Sunday chance of thunderstorms highs in mid 80s to mid 90s lows in mid 60s to mid 70s INDEX Classified 2326 Comics TV Bridge Crossword J7 Editorials Family living Records 22 Sports Weather details map 22 Supreme Court chief justice Warren death recalls epic decisions Washington AP The death of Earl Warren a champion of the Bill of Rights in his 16 years as chief justice removes a figure indelibly link ed to landmark decisions of the Supreme Court in one of its most controversial eras 83 died in George town University Hospital Tues day night a little more than five years after his retirement from the nations highest judicial post A hospital spokesman said he died of heart failure Under his leadership the court struck down segregated schools laid down the rule of one manone vote and greatly expanded the rights of the ac cused in criminal cases Tributes came swiftly for the man whose years on the court were marked by criticism which included demands for his impeachment President Nixon who often was at odds with Warren in their years as California politicians and who criticized many of his court decisions saluted him as a partisan for America Chief Justice Warren E Burger named by Nixon to succeed Warren and steer the court toward strict construc tion of the Constitution said his contribution was large in deed Rosa Parks the black seamstress whose refusal to give up her seat to a white man started the Montgomery bus boycott said We have lost a great friend to humanity Warren was admitted to the hospital July 2 suffering from a heart ailment It was his second hospitalization in two mon ths With him at his death were his wife Nina and the youngest of their three daughters Mrs Stewart Brien known to the family as Honey Bear The Warrens also had two sons Only a few hours before two of the former chief justices closest associates on the court Justices William 0 Douglas and William J Brennan had left his bedside A court spokesman said War ren wanted the two to stay but they felt he was too tired Warren servedas chief justice from 1953to 1969atfer a political career in which he served 11 years as governor of California and twice sought the Republican nomination for president He was vicepresidential can didate on the 1948 GOP national ticket headed by the late Thomas E Dewey then governor of New York They lost to President Harry S Truman Though he disapproved of outside assignments for members of the high court at age 72 he took on the additional load of heading the commission to investigate the 1963 assassination ofPresident John F Kennedy One of the Warren courts most acclaimed decisions came in June 1954 when it struck down the doctrine of separate but equal schools for the races But the decision Warren thought most important was the one manone ruling in 1962 that forced states to reap portion legislative and con gressional districts to make them more equal in popula tion Legislators represent people not trees or acres be said Earl Warren as chief justice in 1967 AP Wlrephott   

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