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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - June 30, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbendato Murphysboro Herrin 710 N 1113 Walnut 212 N Uttl So Volume 82No 15330C a Copy 5 Sections Comics Family Weekly TV T ern niinoisan Successor to Carbonda to Free Press Herrln Dally Journal Murphysboro Independent SUNDAY JUNE 301974 CarbondafeHerrinMwfhytbora Nixon Brezhnev sign new economic a Yalta USSR After signing a new economic agreement in a drizzly Moscow President Nixon and Leonid I Brezhnev brought their nuclear summit Saturday to the edge of this Black Sea sun resort famous for its controversial World War II diplomacy Nixon was welcomed by the biggset crowds yet of his second visit to the Soviet Union as President People gathered in clusters to wave plastic American and Soviet flags wild flowers and clumps of greenery plucked from nearby fields The two leaders were reported to have gone into seclusion from each other Saturday night in neighboring dachas on a seashore estate once owned by a Russian czar and now used by the Soviet government A White House spokesman said there were no meetings between the two Saturday evening and that the President and Mrs Nixon dined alone Tlie two leaders signed the fourth agreement of their Sum mit III before taking off from Moscow in a Soviet jetliner It was a 10year economic agree ment negotiated in detail before Nixon left on his second Journey for Peace within a month The first three agreements were signed Friday and they deal with USSoveit coopera tion in the development of artificial hearts earthquak proof homes and energy The 10year economic agree mentwas largely worked out at a twoday Washington meeting of the AmericanSoviet com mercial commission last month The accord aims at encouraging longterm expansion of trade between Wie two countries to the benefit of both For example some areas of the Soviet Union have abundant F raw materials for the production i of aluminum and needed electric power resources less costly than in the United States Under the agreement an American firm might for ex ample agree to provide much of the production for an aluminum plant and accept the finished product in repayment AmericanSoviet trade last year totalled billion a con siderably higher level than before Nixon and Brezhnev mov ed decisively toward a relax ation of tensions two years ago In announcing the agreement the White House said the Nixon administration remains fully committed to bringing into force a 1972 summit accord on trade by pushing for congressional authority to grant the Soviet Union non discrimiratory tariff treatment otherwise known as most favorednation status The 1972 agreement has been blocked by Senate critics of Soviet policy on Jewish emigra tion and the treatment of dissidents Generation gap Two year old Eric Bennet of Carbondale checks out whats happening at the dance special in the Murdale Shopp ing Center in Carbondale Sat urday The Carbondale police sponsored the three hour dance for high school youths featuring four bands Erics father is a member of the Whats Happening band of Carbondale on stage Legislators deal to beat the clock Judiciary committee Partisan fissures a warning sign LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield The Illinois General Assembly spent most of Saturday trying to strike deals that would allow it to finish its business midnight today the scheduled date for adjourning the spring session As of late Saturday night the legislature still had not com pleted work on most of the ma jor appropriation bills Nor had it taken final action on such other key measures of the session as campaign finance disclosure legislative salary hikes cost of living increases for welfare recipients coal development bonds or a state energy commission The only major bills that have jgone to the governor for the session through Saturday night were measures calling for full funding of the common school formula planning of health Other stories pages 1019 facilities construction and state aid for the Du Quoin State Fair Legislative leaders were still bickering among themselves for what they wanted and holding hostage one anothers proposals to push their own causes They also were pushing Gov Daniel Walker for promises of his signature on their high priority items Walker vowed no deals in a Saturday morning press con ference But privately his legislative operatives were at work thrughout the day trying to hold the line on spending in creases and to fend off efforts to cut funds for several agencies under his direct control According to the state con stitution any bills passed by the legislature after June 30 re quire a larger majority than bills passed before then Thus the race against the clock But the legislature can and usually does stop the clocks in the chambers before the deadline arrives so they can finish a regular sessions work even if it takes several days beyond the constitutions limit As of late Saturday night however there were no signs evident of what the outlines of an eventual compromise to break the legislative deadlock might be By James M Naughton c New York Times Washington Partisan fissures that split the House Judiciary Committee this week and culminated in White House call for the committee chairmans ouster were described Saturday as the warning signs of a coming political eruption in Congress over impeachment Things have gotten out of hand said a Republican member of the Judiciary Com mittee but Im afraid theyre going to get worse The honeymoon is over agreed a committee Democrat in an assessment of the ap parent collapse after seven months of a tissuethin bipartisan committee facade Three days ago the committee argued bitterly over the refusal of Democrats to summon im mediately all the witnesses recommended to the impeach ment inquiry by the White House Two days ago the panel wrangled over the form of rebuttal evidence offered by President Nixons defense at torney Friday the rancor spilled onto the House floor as a conse quence of a published report that Chairman Peter W Rodino Jr DNJ had estimated that all 21 of the committees Democrats would support a recommendation that Nixon be impeached Congressional authorities said that the disputes were precursors of the intense political pressures that in evitably will accompany debate as to whether the Presidents conduct hi office would warrant a Senate trial ior his removal office One indication of the nature of the developing political struggle over Nixons future was a series of reports that conservative Republicans in Congress had begun discussing a possible vote to censure the President as an alternative to a formal im peachment vote Should the seven or eight undecided Republicans on the panel favor a censure vote rather than impeachment in the belief that such a vote would express distaste for activities of the Nixon administration but would avoid a commitment to a proceeding that could lead to the Presidents removal from office the prospects for impeachment would be diminished con siderably The dealing may be difficult to find By Paul Ingrassia LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield Senate president William C Harris RPontiac leaned over the table in his inner office Saturday afternoon and said Weve got to get this resolved before we move at all on the salary question Shortly thereafter the meeting broke up Members of the HouseSenate Conference committee o n champaign finance disclosure went back to their respective chambers to pass the word unless the House and Senate ironed out their difefrences on disclosure legislators should not a salary increase for the next session Harriss inner office does not at all resemble the storied smokefilled back room with a solitarylamp hanging low over the table Still the purpose of that ference committee meeting like that of all such meetings was to strike a political deal Such deals often are necessary to get News background legislation through the General Assembly in the marathon last days and nights of each session That is why conference com mittee meetings are common in the Statehouse these days But through they technically are open to the public conference committee meetings are not often seen One reason is that they often are called only hours or even minutes in advance If a reporter should find out about one he still has to learn where it is being held Sometimes that is difficult because nobody really knows except the legislators on the committee and sometimes even some of them dont want to say Getting inside a meeting sometimes is a touchy matter Though Harris did not hesitate to allow Reporters to enter this particular meeting his staff asked reporters to wait outside the door while it made sure that Harris did not object How Bargaining Went One reason he might have ob jected and that some legislators do not appreciate reporters in conference committee meetings is that talk in such meetings usually is of necessity direct and frank on matters of touchy legislaton which press for resolution as the session deadline approaches Tempers flared but once dur ing this Saturday afternoon session At one point Rep Phillip Collins RCalumet City said to house Assistant Majority Leader Gerald Shea D Riverside Gerry dont get cute Shea retorted Im not getting cute Phil More often there was give and take discussion with legislators from each house describing the particular snags the measure was hitting in their cham ber The major snag in this case was that Harris insisted on disclosure of the source of all campaign contributions above while the House would go no lower than Collins said I conceded the figure in the House in return for them not gutting the bill Sen Howard Carroll D Chicago said Well if it takes to get it through the House fine Coffins explained The typical objection to the disclosure threshhold is from Cook County Republicans who get lots of small donations that the donors dont want the Chicago Democratic organiza tion to know about After further discussion the committee recessed to give Collins a chance to negotiate with House members to get a disclosure threshhold as close to as possible The committee scheduled a meeting for later in the day to consider ColHnss results The meeting was just one of the hundreds of attempts to make a deal in Springfield Saturday Kissinger does the signing As Secretary of State Henry Kissinger signs the agree ments on housing energy and heart research between the THREATENING United States and the Soviet Union in Moscow Commun ist Party leader Leonid Brez hnev and President Nixon en joy a light moment AP Wirephoto Partly sunny and warm to day with chance of thunder storms 50 per cent Partly cloudy tonight with days highs in mid to upper 80s and lows in lower 60s Mon day mostly sunny and warm with high in the 80s INDEX Ann Landers 5A Bridge 7A Business 3738 Calendar 10 Classified 2933 Crossword 5A Editorials 34 Family Living 2123 Finance 3942 Records 5 Sports 1116 Television 112 A Weather details map 5 Inside todays paper Gospel singers will let the Lord decide THE RAPTURES a South ern Illinois gospel singing group Leave it to the Lord to decide if theyll stay to gether Story by Tom Agosti in the Entertainer Page 2A ANTIQUE CAR owners dont quite know whether it is for fun or for profit in article by Kathie Pratt Page 21 CONCERNED MOTHER in housing project and volunteers from SIUC enrich commun itys cultural standards Page 28 NFL PLAYERS ASSOCIA TION threatens a strike for Monday Page 11 BOB GIBSON eyes 3000th strikeout Page 11 CARDINALS lose page 13 but keep division lead as Phil lies lose too Page 14 Hamblet aid setIf he likes 3rd race Proceeds of the third race oh each Saturday of harness racing throughout Illinois may be the way the Du Quoin State Fairs Hambletonian harness racing purse will be fattened if Gov Daniel Walk er signs the bill Legislation to aid the cam paign to keep the Harnble Ionian in Illinois past 1977 appropriates to the Dept of Agricuture for im provements at Quoin State Fair facilities But the House version of the bill asked that an addi tional race be run eachSat urday with proceeds ear marked for the Hambletonian The Senate passed the mea sure but asked for proceeds of all thirdraces Differences were resolv ed on the Hambletonian bill Saturday night with the mea sure passing the Senate 132 to 1 and clearing the way for the bill to be sent to the governor Final report awaited Senate Watergate committee exits c New York Times Washington After a hectic lifetime of 20 months during which it moved from file Washington wings to center stage and back again the Senate Watergate committee will officially pass out of ex istence today The committees final report is still not completed It is scheduled to be issued on July 11 But the Senateresolution creating the committee formally the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities expires Sunday after having been ex tended several times Already the staff which once numbered almost 100 has dwindled to about 30 The com mittee itself four Democrats and three Republicans held a semifinal meeting on Thursday with a last ceremonial gathering scheduled for early next month All the evidence has been gathered and collated and now reposes in dozens of file cabinets and safes In theory the Watergate committees job was recoin Weicker Issues own report Story on page 18 mending legislation designed to prevent a recurrence of Watergate In fact as Ervin made clear the committees role was more investigative and educational than legislative To Ervin it was more im portant that the American peo ple get the truth than that a few people go to jail From the beginning the hearings were designed to demonstrate to the public that the system could work that it could expose and correct its own ills that in Ervins words The nation can proceed toward the healing of the wounds that now afflict the body politic
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