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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - June 25, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois 010175 PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondalt Murphysboro Herrln 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th fllinoisan Volume a Copy Successor to Carbonda It Free Press Herrln Dally Murphysboro Independent TUESDAY JUNE 25 1974 Betting needed at HamboHayes Quoin State Fair racing betting on the way Court prohibits forced Yeply Washington AP A unanimous Supreme Court today declared that states can not demand that newspapers give political candidates free space to reply to editorial at tacks The court overturned a 61 yearold Florida law imposing such a requirement The court said the law violates the First Amendment free press guaran tee Chief Justice Warren E Burger wroteior the court The choice of material to go into a newspaper and the de cisions made as to limitations on the size of the paper and content and treatment of public issues and public officials whether fair or unfair constitutes the exercise of editorial control and judgment He said the government can not interfere with a newspaper judgment about what it pub lishes In a separate case the court ruled 5 to 4 that privateindi viduals may sue news media for libel without proving reckless disregard for the truth even when speaking on public is sues In the case of privateindivid uals speaking on public issues the court said proof negligenc is enough when seeking onl actual damages However such individual SUNNY must prove reckless disregard or the truth by the media to sue for punitive damages the ourt said In the Florida righttoreply case the court said it has yet to e demonstrated how govern ment regulations over a news apers judgment about what it wblishes could be exercised insistent with First Amend ment guarantees of a free press The Florida law has been ap jlied only rarely until Pat L ornfllo a candidate for the state legislature invoked it in support of his demand for free space hi the Miami Herald to reply to two critical editorials during his 1972 campaign A Florida trial court rejected Tornillos argument but the Florida Supreme Court sided with him The state Supreme Court con cluded that statute was con sistent with the First Amend ment because it is designed to add to the flow of information and ideals Major news organization warned that to allow the Florida law to stand would chill frei expression and discourage news coverage of political campaign and political figures gener ally Burger took note of Tornillo assertion that the American Index Fair and continued cool to night with lows in the lower 50s Wednesday mostly sunny with a high in the upper 70s Classified Comics TV Bridge crossword Editorials Family Living Records Sports Weather details map Youth 711 23 4 6 1117 131 1 ress has become controlled nore and more by a smaller umber of publishers exercising n increasing influence over ublic opinion He expressed some sympathy or concerns that public figure may have difficulty in making neir views known to he public Trough the major news organi ations But he said Floridas remedy or the problem amounts to overnmental coercion conflic ing with the Constitution He said that while it may be desirable for the press to be re pffible and fair press re ponsibility is not mandated by the Constitution and like many other virtues it cannot be legis ated In other decisions the court ruled that City transit systems do not lave to accept political adver asing in their vehicles Threw out a case broughi by a citizen asking the court to rule on the propriety of a con gressmans membership in the military reserves on the grounds the plaintiff was not directly af fected Dismissed a libe judgment against the Nationa Association nf Letter Carrier and its Richmond Va local fo describing three nonunion workers as scabs Struck down the convictioin of a Seattle man for taping a peace symbol to the U S flag saying the state law unde which he was convicted was an infringmeht on freedom of ex pression Rejected a move to fore the Central Intelligence Agencj to make public its expenditure of tax money By Demaris Berry Of The Southern Illinoisan Parimutuel betting must become a part of the Ham bletonian racing classic if the Du Quoin State Fair is to remain alive says Fair Pre sident William Hayes Called the life blood of horse racing parimutuel betting is needed to save the anemic fair from death he says I believe the addition of the betting will make the fair and the Hambletonian self sustaining Hayes said Hayes Fair Acres Inc can not continue to subsidize them The future of the fair and of The Hambletonian there may be decided this week in the state Jegislature Two bills have been intro duced One would give the state authority to establish parimutuel betting The other provides for the establishment of an additional race at li censed harness racing meets to provide additional money for the Hambletonian purse and improvements in Du Quoin facilities Both bills were introduced by House Minority Leader Clyde L Choate DAnna and have passed the house Hayes estimates it will cost Mt Vernon staff funds omitted nearly to make the necessary improvements and additions to the fair We dont have enough barns Now some of those ex pensive harness horses are kept in tents Thats not good Last year it got so windy one of the tents blew down Luckily no person or horse was injured but it was em barrassing He estimates the cost of a barn at About worth of lime stone sand and other materi als will have to be applied to the track to make an all weather track Hayes said There are tentative plans to move the race from the traditional Wednesday after noon to Saturday in 1975 in an attempt to get national television coverage Choate and Gbv Daniel Walker support Hayes in his decision to move the racing date An allweather track is needed because we wont be able to change the racing date if it said Hayes It would cost to add betting windows to the grand stand and a tote board If the bills pass Hayes said no physical changes would be made until after this years fair About the article This is the first oftwo arti cles concerning the possibil ity of parimutel betting and state financial aid as assist ance for the Du QuoinState Pair in its efforts to keep the Hambletonian trotting classic now scheduledat Du Quoin through 1977 W R Hayes president of the fair discusses the issues in todays article Wednesdays story will concern community reac tion Hayes said Ive always hoped it would not be neces sary to have parirmutuel bet ting but now that its neces sary Im wholly in favor of having it The fair has been a large financial dram on Hayes Fair Acres Inc own ers of the fangrounds The fair is actually operated by the Du Quoin State Pair Association Inc aseparate corporation Hayes said the latter was not formed as a nonprofit organization but thats the way it has been The only state financial help the fair receives is pre mium money every county fair gets and during the past six or seven years the state Deptl oi Business and Eco nomic Development has given to be used for adver tisements and promotions Hayes said The Dept of Business and Economic Development feels backing the fair is a good way to boost tourism in the area Hayes said He believes the parimutuel betting will make the fab more attractive to most peo ple The vast majority Ive talked to favor the betting but Im sure well hear from the people who oppose it Their opinions are important also The Illinois Racing Board has security require ments and will have inspect ors and stewards on the grounds to make sure the betting is operated correct ly Hayes said By having parimutuel bet ting the fair will have to abide by regulations of the Illinois Racing Board This means we will lose a certain amount of control and this is one reason weve opposed parimutuel betting in the past We have nothing against betting Weve run at betting tracks and my father The late E S Hayes was the first chairman of the Illi nois Racing Commission Hayes said Hayes said he could only make a wild guess as to how much betting money will be handled Were estimating 000 We would get 10 per cent of that Operating expenses are high however and we estimate expenses win take of the wed receive giving us a net in come of if our esti mates are correct The state will get about in taxes in addition to the 40 cents per head tax which will be approximately giving the state a total of Hayes said He estimated it would take an additional 100 employes to handle the betting pn Hamble tonian day and about 50 dur ing the other four days of racing Im often asked why we have the fair if we do not make a profit I guess the answer is because having it is something we want to do and enjoy and because we believe the fair means some thing to the people of the said Springfield AP The Senate Appropriations ommittee has stripped 00 from the Department f Mental Health budget for new taff at the Mt Vernon facil y The money was added to the udget by the House for the alaries of 60 new employes who would have been used to stafl program for children Presently the facility former y the Mt Vernon Tuberculosis ianitarium houses 64 mentally retarded adults We do not feel that placing children there is right Dr Le iloy Levitt director of the De artment of Mental Health said at the hearing Monday Sharp drop in exports spurs deficit Washington AP A sharp drop in farm export contributed to a U S trade deficit of million in May the Commerce Department re ported today It was the biggest monthh trade deficit since October c 1971 when it was mil lion However the nation still had trade surplus for the first fiv months of 1974 of billion Imports during May increase 33 per cent to billion whil exports fell 73 per cent to billion The decline in exports follow ed 20 consecutive months of in creases Legislature provides full school funding Walkers budget limit challenged Springfield AP The Illinois General Assem ily now in the final days of its pring session has presented Gov Daniel Walker the first clear test of his determination to lold the line on state spen ding Both houses completed action Monday on identical bills to rovide billion in state aid or public schools during the iscal year beginning July 1 Thatamount represents full unding of a school aid distribu ion formula approved by the egislature and signed by the governor last year But the appropriations both houses completed action Mon day on identical bills to provide billion in state aid for public schools during the fiscal year beginning July 1 That amount represents full funding of a school aid distribu tioh formula approved by the legislature and signed by the governorlast year But the appropriation is some million more than the govI ernor requested for school aid in iscal 1975 Walker who has announced his opposition to formula spending of any kind now will ace the decision of whether to sign the bills without change or reduce the appropriation to the amount he originally re quested reduction veto could be overridden by the General As sembly this fall Partly in anticipation feat an override might be necessary the General Assembly has worked diligently to pass the school aid bills by the widest possible majority This effort culminated Monday when the bills cleared both houses without a dissenting vote at any point along the way There was similar bipartisan support for a bill providing at additional million in school aid for the current fiscal year Walkers 1975 budget would be boosted even further by House approval of a massive billion appropriation for the Illinois Transportation Department The appropriation extensively reshaped by Republicans was approved in the Senate Monday by 520 Final action came shortly after approval of the last of 17 amendments to the measure added by the Republicandomi nated Senate Appropriations Committee The amendments added Jiear million to Walkers re quested appropriation for the department which has the largest budget of any state agency The amendments earmarked much of the money for specific projects The Senate also passed series of four Republicanspon sored bills to spend million in the next fiscal year for re search and development of coal resources in the state The bills were sent to the House The package which authoriz ed the issue of up to million n bonds included legislation to set up a 16member Joint Cora mission on Energy to study the states energy problems and make recommendations to the legislature The House spent most of the day reworking an adminis tration backed tax relief bill designed to eliminate the sales tax on all drugs and medicine Rep Cal Skinner RCrystal Lake succeeded in adding an amendment to the bill reducing the sales tax on food by 1 per cent Another GOP amendment made the sales tax exemption apply only to nonprescription drugs and medicine And legislation to give local candidate another chance to submit statements was approv ed by the Senate Executive Committee Some 500 candidates were ruled ineligible for the November general election bal lot because they failed to file the required statements Panel focusing onHunt payment Washington AP A list of possible witnesses indicates the House Judiciary Committee may be focusing its impeachment inquiry on the 21 1973 payment to convicted Watergate conspirator E Howard Hunt Jr At least five of the eight wit nesses about whom the panel tentatively agreed Monday would appear to have knowledge ofthe payment which the Watergate grand jury has charged was part of a plot to keep Hunt quiet The witnesses not all of whom are expected to be called are former White House aides H R Haldeman Charles W Colsqn John W Dean III Alexander P Butterfield and Frederick C LaRue former Atty Gen John N Mitchell Asst Atty Gen Henry E Petersen and Herbert W Kalmbach Nixons former personal lawyer The committee will vote by Wednesday on the actual list of witnesses to be called beginning next Tuesday Questioning of witnesses is to be completed by July 12 so the committee can start deliberating on possible articles of impeachment by July 15 In other Watergaterelated developments Petersen told the Senate Judiciary Committee that he did not feel bound by Nixons view that no administration official should be granted immunity from prosecution Special prosecutor Leon Jaworsiri said he will not at tempt to prove in the plumbers trial that Ehrlichman attempted to conceal the breakin at the office of Daniel Ellsbergs psy chiatrist Jaworski said the prosecution will focus on whether there was a conspiracy to violate the civil rights of Dr Lewis Fielding Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott accused staff mem bers of the Senate Watergate Committee of preparing inves tigative reports unlikely to be adopted by the committee and then leaking them to the press Nixon leaves for Moscow Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington President Nixon left today for a Moscow summit with a pledge to seek closer cooperation with the Soviet Union and a lessening of the burden and threat of nuclear weapons In a brief statement before leaving nearby Andrews Air Force Base Nixon listed three goals for his summit meeting with Soviet leaders ties between the Soviet lists three goals for summit meeting To develop areaspf cpop displace areas of elsewhere in the world and To progress toward limiting both the burden and threat of nuclear weapons The Moscow summit is ex pected to produce a partial ban on underground nuclear weapons tests and an agreement in principle to veloping nuclear technology But Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger told a news con ference Monday that fte third annual summit is unlikely to produce a comprehensive treaty limiting offensive nuclear weapons Nixon Kissinger and a huge entourage were tostop first in Brussels so that Nixon can a new declaration of transAt lantic cooperation with the NorthAtlantic Treaty Organi zation on Wednesday purpose in Brussels will be to meet withold frietfds and renew our support oftite great NATO alliance Nixon said He said he hoped the declara tion to be signed there would bring new purpose and new direction to the alliance In contrast with the tense an ticipation that markedNiwms initial trip to Moscow in 1972 or the aura of continuing progress to detente during Soviet Com munist Party leader Leonid Brezhnevs visit here a year ago todays departure was sur rounded with doubts and con tention All the great issues between the United States and the Soviet Union were first broached in 1972 and carried forward a year later strategic arms limitation expanded cultural and trade re lations and scientific ex changes All these in turn were the framework of a declaration orprinciples in 1972 which set forth the basic definition of detente Now two years later each of those issues is the object of controversy and dissent and the enterprise of still another presidential visit to Moscow bus become tainted with the doubts and suspicions generated in Washington For more than three months ever since Nixons impeachment seemed a real possibility there have been entreaties from all quadrants of the political com pass conservative Republican as well as liberal Democrat for Nixon to stay away from the summitry so long as his domes tic problems were unresolv ed Even Kissinger the guiding force of U S foreign policy could muster only mild enthusi asm for the task during a pre summit news conference No matter what progress is achieved in further limiting nu clear weapons still the most vital issue between the super there would likely be contentious debate on the result Kissinger admitted rue fully But any such progress he further admitted is unlikely 1 do not expect that we shall get a completed SALT agreement at the summit he said On the other great issues to be confronted at the summit Kis singer appeared equally cau tious PRESIDENT NIXONS BELGIUMRUSSIA ITINERARY USSft W CHMANY
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