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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - June 17, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE 710 N Illinois Murphysbero 1113 Walnut 212 N Uth Southern lUinoisaH LS NEKSPAP9RS BOX Volume 82No 142lSc a Copy Two Pages I Successor to Carbondale Free Herrir Dally JourneJ Murohysboro MONDAY JUNE 171974 CarbondaltHerrinMurphysboro Supreme Court refuses to review Kerner conviction Washington AP The Supreme Court today refused to review the bribery conviction of former Illinois Gov Otto Kerner Jr and his argument that he could not be indicted while sitting as a federal judge The court declined without comment to interfere with the decision of the US Circuit Court in Chicago upholding the convictions of Kerner and Theodore J Isaacs former Illinois director of revenue Justice Thurgood Marshall took no part in the case Both Kerner and Isaacs had appealed the conviction Kerner argued in part that the Constitution prohibits the in Kissinger sticks by threat Jerusalem AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger refused today to soften his threat to resign unless allegations that he lied about his involvement in White House wiretapping are proved false I stick by what 1 said a week ago and now the Senate Foreign Relation Committee is going to look into the matter 1 Kissinger told a news conference to day The secretary called the news conference to discuss President Nixons Middle East tour but the first question asked him dealt with his threat to resign Ill answer this question but I wont answer any other ques tions on that subject he said Kissinger told a news confer ence in Salzburg last Tuesday at the start of Nixons trip that he would quit the government unless he was exonerated dictment and trial of a federal judge prior to his removal from office by impeachment Prosecution of a federal judge operates to remove him from the bench in all ways but in name only is an unwarranted incursion by the executive of judicial independence and violates the intention of the framers of the Constitution to immunize the judiciary from interference by other branches Kerners attorneys argued in their petition Government attorneys argued that there is no constitutional bar to the criminal prosecution of a federal judge and no merit to the suggestion that conviction of a crime is con stitutionally equivalent t o removal from office Kerner and Isaacs were found guilty to conspiracy bribery mail fraud tax evasion and fil ing false tax returns Kerner was also convicted of perjury before a grand jury and making false statements to agents of the Internal Revenue Service The government charged that Kerner and Isaacs received race track stock at reduced prices as an incentive to ensure favorable racing dates and other beneficial treatment Kerner was named a federal appeals judge after serving as governor He was indicted in 1971 Kerner was not immediately available for comment and his daughter Helena said he pro bably would have none Kerner 65 took voluntary leave without pay from the 7th US Circuit Court of Appeals after his conviction by a federal jury in February 1973 Samuel Skinner an assistant US attorney who was a key prosecutor in the case said the next step is for Kerners lawyers to decide whther they will ask the Supreme Court for a rehearing on its decision They have 10 days to make such a request he said Gary Starkman another government prosecutor in the case said that if todays Supreme Court decision stands Kerner will have to resign or face impeachment Kerner and Isaacs were each sentenced to three years in prison and fined The sentences were delayed pending the outcome of their ap peals Starkman said in such rulings a defendant usually has 120 days to petition the court for a reduction in sentence In other action today the court Ruled in a case from Montgomery Ala that private racially segregated schools may not be permitted exclusive use of public recreational facilities However the court declined to rule also that cities may not permit segregated schools to use such facilities in common with public schools Upheld a California law preventing the payment of disability benefits to women who must miss work because of normal pregnancies Ruled that indigents are not entitled to free legal counsel in the appeal of criminal convic tions to the highest state and federal courts Refused without comment to review a federal circuit court ruling that the California Highway Commission must follow federal environmental standards whenever it has received federal location ap proval for a project even though no federal funds are used for the project California of ficials said the case could affect state highway projects throughout the nation Sent back to a federal district court a controversy over a Tennessee law requiring that textbooks which deal with theories of evolution give equal emphasis to Biblical accounts of creation Affirmed a lower court decision invalidating a New Jersey law providing reim bursement to parents of children in private schools for purchase of secular textbooks and sup plies Bomb sets fire to Parliament President wears hat required by Jewish law as he and Mrs Nixon visit Jerusalem memorial Kalmbach sentenced iSTdGl AP Wirephote Washington CAP Herbert W Kalmbach once President Nixons family law yer and a major fund raiser in the 1968 and 1972 presiden tial campaigns was sentenced today to at least six months n prison for violations of fed eral election laws Telephone strike hits prom ised atom power too Portugal Lisbon AP More than 30000 telephone telegraph and postal workers struck throughout Portugal to day defying a government ap peal to stay on the job The walkout cut off all telephone service not handled automatically including most international calls Service was suspended to and from the Azores the Portuguese islands in the Atlantic where President Nixon will meet Tuesday night with President Antonio de Spinola Oil price freeze continued Quito Ecuador AP The Organization of Petro leum Exporting Countries an nounced today it has decided to continue its freeze on oil prices for three more months Amman Jordan AP The United States today pro mised Israel the same help in developing nuclear power that it plans to give Egypt and reaf firmed its commitment to long term arms shipments to the Jewish state President Nixon made the announcement in a joint com munique with Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin in Jerusalem then flew to Amman for talks with King Hussein The American president ar rived on the last stop of his five nation Middle East tour to the tightest security he has en countered in any Arab coun try Nixon and Rabin said their two governments will negotiate an agreement on cooperation in the field of nuclear energy technology and the supply of fuel from the United States under agreed safeguards This agreement will in particular take into account the intention of the government of Israel to purchase power reac tors from the United States to provide electricity for Israels rapidly growing economy the commmrque said Israel has had an agreement with the United States covering joint nuclear research for the past 15 years and the com munique said a provisional France begins nuclear tests Tight security greets Nixon in Amman agreement would be made this month on the further sale of nuclear fuel to Israel The wording of the communi que paralleled that in which Nixon announced in Cairo three days ago that the United States would supply nuclear reactors and fuel to Egypt for peaceful purposes The agreement had been forecast earlier today at a news conference with Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger who also sought to quiet suspicions in Israel and the US Congress that the Egyptians would use the American nuclear aid to pro duce nuclear weapons He said the US government would make doubly sure there arent any loopholes in its agreement with Egypt The secretary said there never were any such questions about the similar agreements the United States has with nearly 30 other nations until India set off its first nuclear explosion last month But Kissinger said Indias nuclear program was aided by Canada and Canadas safeguards are not as good as those of the United States Administration officials say the question of whether the new agreements are subject to Senate confirmation is being studied The United States helped Israel build a fivemegawatt research reactor in 1959 south of Tel Aviv and signed an agree ment then to cooperate in the research program Israel has a second reactor on the Negev Desert that can produce Plutonium The Israeli government has denied repeatedly that it is pro ducing nuclear bombs or warheads But foreign experts are convinced that Israels scientists and engineers could manufacture nuclear weapons speedily if they were ordered to do so Nixon meanwhile told Israel it must be prepared to com promise further in Middle East peace efforts if it is to avoid another war with the Arabs China sets off atomic explosion New Delhi AP China carried out an above groinid nuclear test in the Lop Nor region today the Indian atomic energy agency said It said the explosion had a yield cf about one megaton of TNT and the signals were picked up by the departments monitoring stations London AP A bomb believed set by Irish terrorists exploded in an annex of the House of Commons during the morning rush hour today setting Parliament on fire and injuring 11 persons officials said There was considerable damage to Westminster Hall oldest of the buildings in Westminster Palace which houses Parliament It was the first such attack since Guy Fawkes abortive gunpowder bomb plot in 1604 Aspart of a Roman Catholic plot against the Protestant King James 1 a band of conspirators decided to blow up the House of Commons when the king went there to open a session Barrels of gunpowder were stored in the buildings cellars and Fawkes was supposed to set them off But the authorities were tipped off to the plot searched the cellars and found Fawkes Shortly before todays ex plosion a man with an Irish ac cent telephoned the Press Association Britains domestic news agency to warn that a bomb would go off in the House of Commons fa six minutes Scotland Yards bomb squad was racing to the building when they heard the blast A police spokesman said the bomb fractured a gas main and started a fire that sent flames shooting high above the 14th century St Stephens Chapel near Westminster Hall Dense smoke enveloped Big Ben for a time The police said the bomb went off near a groundfloor Explosion blaze cause considerable damage to Westminster Hall canteen adjacent to the hall Windows at the frontof the hall were blown out but the giant stainedglass windows at the other end appeared un damaged However it was feared there was considerable damage to the halls unique 13th century timber roof More than a dozen fire engines fought the blaze as hundreds of persons sttopped on their way to work to watch The fire was reported under control an hour after the bomb blast One police explosives expert told a member of Commons that the bomb contained between 15 and 20 pounds of explosive material Members of Parliament stood in pools of water amid a tangle of fire hoses and gazed in dismay at the fire damage David Steel a member of Commons from the Liberal party said there has been con cern for some time about security for the Palace of West minster This is a very difficult building to protect because there are so many entrances he said After the blast police quickly set up patrols around buildings in Whitehall the chief con centration of government of fices and at Scotland Yard All vehicles in the area also were checked Northern Ireland Protestants consider truce Belfast AP Leaders of Northern Irelands Protestant extremist para military groups met today to decide whether to seek a cease fire with the Roman Catholic based IRA the Irish Republican Army The Ulster Defense Associa tion largest of the private Protestant armies proposed a threemonth truce during which both sides would refrain from guerrilla activities and stop building up arms in the embat tled British province Hopes for a truce were buoyed by a statement from the more radical of the two IRA factions the Provision als The Republican movement will not be found wanting in its will ingness to talk said Seamus Loughran a leader of Sinn Fein the Provisionals political arm There was no immediate reaction to the UDA proposal from the IRAs other faction the Official wing but it already is observing a unilateral truce in the IRAs guerrilla war to push the British from Ulster The UDA proposal says that if both sides honor the agreement there would be talks about a lasting peace in our coun try The recently legalised Ulster Volunteer Force and the Red Hand another guerrilla force are attending the threeday meeting with the UDA but the outlawed Ulster Freedom Fighters the most vicious of the Protestant armies is not represented Professional politicians representing both the Roman Catholics and the ma jority Protestants also are ex cluded from the ceasefire talks More than 1000 persons have died in almost five years of fighting between the IRA and Northern Irelands majority Protestant population GOP urges rosy transcript image Washington AP Although Re publican Chairman George Bush said he was disturbed by portions of President Nixons taped Watergate conversations the GOP National Committee paid more than to finance a massive White House mail campaign circulating a favorable interpretation of the transcripts Party headquarters has regu larly processed and paid for White House mailings te interest groups and communications media The transcript material was by far the most massive this year William J Baroody Jr special consultant to the Presi dent who deals with outside organizations directed that a 15 page packet be sent to more than 28000 persons whose names were taken from more than 40 mailing lists The recipients ranged from leaders of veterans organiza tions to Chamber of Commerce officials from 1972 Nixon cam paign workers to members of the Teamsters union executive board The mailing included the text of President Nixons April 29 address in which he said he would turn over edited transcripts but not original tapes to the House Judiciary Committee studying impeach ment A key facts sheet in the mailing said Nixon had more than complied with the sub poena It also declared Not once in the mounds of evidence supplied to the committee does it appear that the President of the United States was engaged in a criminal plot to obstruct justice A similar mailing ordered by Ken W Clawson White House communications director went to 3269 news organizations and publications Both mailings included brief transcript excerpts supporting Nixons contention that he knew nothing of the Watergate cover up until March 21 973 A party official said there was no special discussion about the massive mailings and that they were sent out routinely as were 37 other mailings for the White House this year Most of the mailings ordered this year by Clawson and Baroody have dealt with Nixon programs in such areas as energy transportation and education But some concerned Watergate and related af fairs One dealt with the ITT and milk investigations another contained a speech by Vice President Gerald R Ford strongly supporting Nixon three included articles from publica tions defending Nixon two con tained texts of White House briefings related to Watergate and another distributed a favorable public opinion poll It was decided early in the first Nixon administration that the party would pay for mailings to various interest and com munications groups so as to avoid any criticism that political material was being sent at government expense Impeachment inquiry nearing end Five of 55 allegations remain Canberra AP France today set off the first in its 1974 nuclear test scries in the South Pacific the Australian government rapoited The prime ministers of Australia and New Zealand protested The French governmem refused to comment It never announces the individual tests but said earlier this month that this years series would be the last conducted in the area Australia said a nuclear device was set off today over the Muroroa Atoll the French test site about 1000 miles southeasi of Tahiti Prime Minister G o u g h Whittam of Australia said the new tests were a matter of deep concern to his government because they would result in radioactive fallout on Australian territory Index MILD Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sports Weater details map 1317 19 4 4 5 1718 iiu 11 Fair andcool tonight with low in 50s and light winds Tuesday partly sunny with high from 77 to 82 Washington AP The House Judiciary Com mittee is nearing the end of its impeachment inquiry and has only about five of the original 55 allegations against President Nixon still under active ex amination The Watergate coverup Nix ons taxes and charges that the administration used the Internal Revenue Service for political purposes are the major areas still under review The coverup inquiry stems from the breakin two years ago today oi Wcrtergcrfes 2nd anniversary Story on page 10 Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate building complex Use of wiretaps in domestic surveillance remains a concern for a sizable number of com mittee members and the search for a link between Nixons decision to raise milk prices and campaign contributions by the dairy industry awaits the testimony of former White House aide Charles W Colson The legality of the secret bom bing of Cambodia ordered by Nixon still is questioned by some members but a majority ap pears convinced it is not an im peachable offense The presentation of evidence is expected to conclude this week with a wrapping up of the coverup and an examination of Nixons incometax payments in the years 196972 Chairman Peter W Rodino Jr DNJ has scheduled closed hearings for Tuesday Wednes day and Thursday and said he will meet at night if necessary to conclude the evidentiary hearings this week Dozens of allegations an nounced as under investigation last March were dropped without any evidence even being presented and many others were given only a passing glance
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