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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - May 16, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro Herrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N UHi Velums a Copy 2 Scetioi IWMMf to Cirtwnmu Herrin Dilly Journl Murphyiboro THURSDAY MAY U W4 of more economical gasification in energy development By Paul Ingrassia LindsaySchaub News Service Springfield Three new mines and a coal gasification plant may be built on land in Madison Clinton and Bond counties sometime after 1980 the Walker administration announced Wednesday The mines would cost more than million and employ about 1500 persons The gasification plant would cost roughly million and employ 700 people Neither the mines nor the plant will be built however un til an economically desirable method of coal gasification is developed The agreements which could lead to such developments were signed Wednesday by the Col umbia Coal Gasification Corp and the Carter Oil Co Carter is a subsidiary of Exxon Inc and the Monterey Coal Co which currently operates a mine in Carlinville is a Carter subsidiary The agreements also involve the development of new coal mines in West Virginia The West Virginia mines will be built immediately The agreement calls for Col umbia to exchange a half in terest in some of its West Virginia coal lands for a half interest in 35000 acres of Carters coal lands in Madison Clinton and Bond Counties The Illinois coal reserves will be held for gasification by Col umbia pending the development economical gasification technology Neither Illinois nor West Virginia is party to the agreements However Illinois has offered to help develop the project in this state as part of Gov Daniel Walkers program to develop state energy resources Walker has proppsed the state authorize the sale of million in energy development bonds A Columbia spokesman said Ithink it will be after 1980 before the gasification process is developed to the point where we will build the plant A Carter spokesman added that the mines will not be open ed until Columbia is in the process of building the plant if we get that far Israelis attack 7 refugee camps New York Times News Service And Associated Press Israeli jets bombed rocketed and strafed seven refugee camps and guerrilla bases in southern Lebanon today less than 24 hours after the Maalot schoolhouse massacre the Lebanese Defense Ministry said Israeli Premier Meir promis ed a numbed nation Wednesday night that Israel would do every thing possible to protect her people against terrorist attacks Speaking on television Mrs Meir went into detail abut the bitter day for all of us that resulted in the deaths of three Arab terrorists and 20 teenaged Israelis in the of Maalot Israel she said will do everything in its power to chop off the hands that intend to harm a child or an adult in a city or in a village Mrs Meir affirmed that Israel had decided during the day to reverse her longstanding j policy of not negotiating with the terrorists The government was prepared to release 23 prisoners Strike less than 24 hours after school massacre in return for the safety of the approximately 90 teenaged hostages held by three Arab terrorists she said The deal fell apart she said partly out of confusion when the three terrorists insisted on a code word to begin negotiations The code word never arrived from abroad for use by the French or Rumanian am bassadors who were prepared to begin discussions The hand chopping befan today The Lebanese said a total of 36 Israeli jets took part in the raids and were forced to flee by our antiaircraft fire The Israeli command reported that its jets hit guerrilla positions near Sidon i and Beirut butthat it purely a military and refugee camps were not deliberately hit A mass funeral for the young victims of the Maalot raid was broken off when a group of youths broke through police lines shouting Death to the Terrorists President Ephraim Katzir and Deputy Premier Yigal Allon tried to calm the angry mourners at nearby Safad but gave up and departed under heavy police guard Northern Israel was on the alert after security forces discovered another band of Arab guerrillas slipped across the Lebanese border during the night Radio Israel said All schools were closed to prevent any r epe tit ion of the massacre Officials said the guerrillas cut t h e barbed wire border fence near Manora a small farm settlement on the western edge of the Israel panhandle that juts up between Lebanon and Syria In Beirut the leader of the guerrilla group that claimed responsibility for the Maalot massacre vowed to struggle against US Secretary of State Henry Kissingers peace mission until the end Nayef Hawatmeh head of the Popular Democratic Front told a news conference that Kiss inger was serving mainly Israel and American interests in the Middle East To putit bluntly we will spare no effort to foil the Kissinger mission In Maalot helicopters lifted the last assault broops from the stricken hilltop town Weeping villagers scrubbed blood from the schoolhouse floor A 15yearold schoolboy named Yosef pounded his head with his fist and cried My friends were killed St Clair Open up sessions Washington AP White House lawyer James D St Clair said today he would ask the House Judiciary Com mittee to open its impeachment evidence sessions to the public as a result of the leak of the transcript of a presidential tape Im going to ask that those hearings all be made public said St Clair the Presidents chief Watergate lawyer as he entered the hearing room During a closed session Wednesday committee members had listened to the tape of a Sept 15 1972 con versation the President had with H R Haldeman and John W Dean III The White House had released an edited transcript of that conversation Published renorts appearing today show ed that the White House version left out discussion of possible administration retaliation against the Washington Post for its reporting of Watergate St Clair said the transcript released related to Watergate We left out the ir relevant material The White House lawyer call ed the leak of the committees transcript of the Sept 15 tape a breach of its rules of con fidentiality Washington AP Incomes received by the na lions farmers dropped 12 per cent in April the fourth straight month of decline the Commerce Department reported today The department said the drop in income was due to a decline in prices received by farmers for livestock and crops com bined with rising production costs Farm income in April was at an annual rate of billion down from billion in March and billion in February I But overall personal income of Americans increased in April for the third consecutive month me rigfif fading fast climbing billion to seasonally adjusted annual AP of billion or a gain of State Henry A sixtenths of one per returned to Syria to The Commerce to try to pin down an said wage and to disengage Syrian disbursements increased Israeli forces on the Golan billion in April up from but prospects for suc March increase of were fading fast and manufacturing payrolls had been expected billion compared with but had to postpone million increase his trip for 24 hours because March the Arab terrorist attack It said the gains in manuf ac1 Maalot taring payrolls were du e to inj Svriaii nff jrials sav the creases in employment and average hourly earnings complicated what is already a difficult task for the gains were concentrated in durable goods industries chiefly transtoortation secretary Syrian Foreign Minister Abdul Angus Gaither studies on lawn at Thompsonville ttmmuBitr Greer faces decision College or family Oil embargo effecfs on economy easing The nations economic decline resulting from the Arab oil em bargo may be about over government figures show Industrial output rose in April by fourtenths of 1 per cent the first increase after four months of decline the Federal Reserve Board reported Wednesday JHalim Khaddara was at the airport to welcome Kissinger who is making his fifth trip here in less than three weeks The optimism evident among Syrians earlier this week on prospects for separating the two warring armies has been j replaced by the feeling that j Kissingers shuttle diplomacy is assemblies The rate ofrunning out of steam assemblies rose to 75 Referring to Kissingers ef forts and the attack on the school a Syrian official said That ship already was listing and now I think the Fedayeen auto auto million units a year compared with 66 million units in March March Government economists in terpreted the April increase in output as an indication that the worst effects of the oil embargo oar repore The board said the main i on the economy may be over reason for the April turnaround although they cautioned against was a 14 per cent increase inoveroptimism have torpedoed it at least for the present US officials said Kissinger probably would return to Jerusalem tonight after his talks here and then fly to Washington By Barb Leebens Of The Southern Illinoisan Angus Ma c k Gaither of Thompsonvflle has to make a big decision by Monday The hardworking mature teenager must decide whe ther he will go off to college or stay home to take care of his family Gaither Thompsonvilles valedictorianhas been nomi nated to the US Military Aca demy by Sen Adali Stevenson and to the US Naval Aca demy by Rep Kenneth Gray To top this Gaither 18 has been awarded a scholar ship to Harvard University The scholarship offer expires Monday This is where Gaithers de cision gets complicated About two weeks ago Gai thers mother Cleta 59 suf fered a stroke and probably will be incapacitated for the rest of her life Supt Allan Patton of Thompsonville High School said Two years ago Gaithers brother J C 32 suffered a stroke and is a semiin valid Gaithers father died when he was 13 There are no relatives in the area who could financially support them So the burden of support is on the bright young farmer Until recently his mother helped to farm a 420 acre farm to support the family Unlike other high school seniors Gaither must make several decisions which will affect three lives Should he go off to college Who will take care of his mother and his brother If he does go how will he support them Or should he forget college altogether Responsibility and a desire to obtain personal goals weigh heavily on Gaithers mind Seeking financial support Gaitherwent to thesocial se curity office in Harrisburg Only limited funds are avail able To receive public aid he probably would have to sell all of the farm property ton said Here is an ailAmerican farm boy and scholar with the opportunity ofa lifetime who has to solve some insur mountable problems Patton said What he can do is difficult to say Patton said But there must be a solution Superman a name the Thompsonville students fondly call Gaither wants to become a lawyer or a politician There is a lot of pressure right now Gaither said I want to do the right thing If there was any way pos sible I want to go to college But there are so many other things to consider I just dont know He would rather go to Har vard He thinks the military academies might be too strict Last week the Harvard Chi cago Alumni Chapter flew Gaither to Boston They gave me the red car pet treatment I felt at home Gaither said If he can find some way to take care of his mother Harvard will probably be his decision Howard Fricke director of the Department of Business and Economic Development said potentially and there is no reason to believe it will not happen we have 2000 jobs in Southern Illinois We have here a demonstration that this ad ministration is doing something besides idle rhetoric to bring development to that region Gray Boost to area The possibility of a coal gasification plant in Clinton Bond and Madison counties will stimulate further gasifica tion projects in Southern Illi nois Rep Kenneth J Gray DWest Frankfort said today Gray said that those people holding large coal reserves further south arent going to take the competitive disadvan tage that would be offered by such a largescale opera tion and will work to develop their own facilities He said that Congress will approve appropriations of about during the next 18 months for all types of coal research and develop ment The money will be used as federal matching shares to fund onehalf to twothirds of thecost of developing coal gasification liquifaction and other projects he said with private coal and utility sour ces providing the rest In the next 12 to 18 months this thing is really going to start moving Gray said He said that 92 per cent of the utilities in Illinois including the Central Illinois Public Ser vice Co are participating in a consortium which may move to large coal gasification pro jects If the plant in southwestern Illinois materializes it will di rectly affect Southern Illinois rin that miners will work in that area but live here he said James Seed executive di rector of Southern niinois Inc agreed that there is an excellent chance for more plants in Southern Illinois though he said he is disap pointed that this area of the state didnt get the first one Rep Clyde Choate DAnna said there are a lot of ifs and maybes about the an nouncement but added that he is pleased to see any steps taken towards expand ing the usability and market ability of our coal The announcement shows that Southern Illinois is re ceiving national attention as one of the ideal locations for tapping the great energy po tential ofcoal Choate said RAIN Tonight and Friday mostly cloudy and warm with show ers and thunderstorms like ly low tonight 65 to 71 high Friday in low or mid 80s Cloudy through Sunday with chance of rain Saturday and Sunday Fair Monday Index Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records 2730 31 4 67 t Sports 1718 Weather details map t President says he wont resign under any circumstances I I cal in thfl nno follow that course Nixon was key as to whether peace Washington President Nixon says he has given long thought to the possibility of resignation but has decided he will not quit the na tions highest office under any circumstances His strongest yow to date not to resign came in an interview with conservative columnist James J Kilpatrick published in todays Washington Star News Nixon told Kilpatrick he would not surrender his office even temporarily to Vice President Gerald R Ford under the 25th Amendment If the House of Represen tatives votes impeachment Nixon said he would accept the verdict with good grace and then defend himself to the very end before the Senate Kilpatrick said that he spent one hour 20 minutes with the President in his Oval Office Tuesday in a session he dscribed as more of a monologue than an in terview Besides pledging not to resign Nixon made these disclosures During his 1968 campaign for the White House there wai not only surveillance by the FBI but bugging by the FBI and J Edgar Hoover told me that my plane in the last two weeks was bugged All ofhis Cabinet members except one then Treasury Secretary John Connally op posed his loneliest decision of all to resume bmbing of the HanoiHaiphong areas of North Vietnam in December 1972 He believes we had no choice but to make public the edited transcripts and said he sees no reason to permit technicians to examine the tapes because weve already done that Several times in the 3000 word article distributed by the WashingtonStar Syndicate Inc Kilpatrick quoted Nixon as re jecting calls for him to step down than face im peachment process I would have toJrule out resignation And Ijvould have to ru le out the rather fatuous suggestion that I take the 25th Amendment and just step out and have Vice President Ford step in for a Nixon said If the House should vote an impeachment and we go to trial by the Senate of course I would follow that course Nixon was quoted as saying It would be immensely timeconsuming but I could do it and I would do it for reasons that are not what do you call it those of a toreador in the ring trying to prove himself but I would do it because I have given long thought to what is best for the country our system of govern ment and the Constitutional process In givingthe reasons for his decision not to resign Nixon said that to do so would fatally weaken future presidents The United States holds the key as to whether peace survives and to whether freedom survives Nixon said He said That demands a strong United States strong militarily strong economically and strong in the character of its people a people with a sense of vision not turning inward and tearing each other apart and not becoming soft as they become rich But it also requires whoever may be in this office a strong president I will never leave this office in a way which resigning would be or failing to fight im peachment would be that would make it more difficult for future presidents to make the tough decisions In the session with Kilpatrick his first oneonone meeting with a newsman since Saul Pett of the Associated Press interview ed him in January 1973 Nixon declared I am not guilty of any offense under the Constitution that is called an impeachable offense Knowing that Nixon said it would be a mistake to resign simply because of sagging popularity in the polls and criticism from members of Congress
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