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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - April 15, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro Herrin 710 N Illlneli 1113 Walnut 212 N Southern Dlinoisan 010175 Volume a Copy IStcti SuctMMr to CirbondiM Hwrln Billy Journil Murphysbore MONDAY APRIL 151974 Hambletonian future in doubt Will the Hambletonian the richest classic of harness rac ing remain in Du Quoin after 1974 William Hayes president of Hayes Fair Acres Du Quoin notified today by John Townsend legal counsel for the 21man Hambletonian So ciety that a special meeting of the Society has been called for April 28 in New York I was informed the Society is having difficulty finalizing a contract with the Liberty Bell Park racing people Hayes said of the race to be relocated in Philadelphia in 1975 after 18 years in Du Quoin I hate to stir up any fantastic hopes that the will remain in Du Quoin if contract difficulties continue Hayes said But I suppose anything is possible Naturally I cant predict the outcome as I am not completely certain of the nature of their problem he said of the new Philadelphia interests The Society voted on Oct 28 1973 to move the race from Du Quoin to Philadelphia in 1975 after the present con tract with Hayes Fair Acres expires this year This seasons race will be run on a Wednesday Aug 28 S urges joint economic plan United Nations AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger today outlined a six point program aimed at a more cooperative development of the worlds natural resources Speaking to a special session of the United Nations General Assembly Kissinger said We meet here at a moment when the world economy is under severe stress Pointing to the oil crisis shortage of food grains and in creasing global inflation he said the solution can come only through a realistic international effort The great issues of develop ment can no longer be realistically perceived in terms of confrontation between the haves and have nots he said Any effort by the less developed nations to artificially program urges cooperafion in using resources control sooner organization of victim1 into a raw materials or later produce will the the potential cotinterbloc must remain the subject of con stant unremitting efforts over the years and decades Kissinger said in a not too subtle warning In introducing his six points the secretary also underlined his belief that the United Nations should avoid grandiose declara tions of principles and aim for hard work instead Our goal he said cannot be reached by resolutions alone or prescribed by rhetoric It ahead The six points Action must be taken to in sure a more equitable supply of oil and other energy products while keeping an inflationary price spiral from occurring For its part the United States is willing to help oilproducing nations broaden their economic base as well as sharing technology and aiding in in dustrialization There must be an end to the cycle of raw material surplus and shortage But a cartel of raw material producers aimed at forcing up prices would have serious consequences for all countries Kissinger said The United States proposes a cooperative effort to include urgent international con sideration of restrictions on in centives for the trade in com modities This means the secretary said that there must be equitable access to supplies of resources as well as access to markets by the producers To support this there should be a body of international ex perts working with the UN Divisions of Resources to determine the future supply of natural resources he said There must be a better balance between food production and population growth The United States will share its agricultural technology in cluding a raise from million to million this year to aid in boosting farming technology Kissinger also renewed his call for a World Food Con ference A major objective he went on will be the rebuilding of food surpluses so the world can alleviate famines and other emergency shortages Then theAmerican secretary pledged his government to the Steps must be taken to keep the poorer nations from being destroyed by dramatic shifts in the supplies and prices of such raw materials as oil Science must be shared and put to greater use to meet the developing nations two most fundamental problems unemployment and hunger the secretary said And Kissinger went on the technology of birth control should be improved To meet the possibility of a major weather change in much of the world he proposed ex isting international organiza tions urgently investigate this problem and offer guidelines for immediate international ac tion There must be a new com mitment by rich and poorer na tions alike to development if an open trading system a reformed monetary system and a positive climate for the free flow of resources he said He ended the 30minute speech by saying that The complex and urgent issues at hand will not yield to rhetorical flourishes or eloquent documents Their resolution requires a sustained and determined pursuit in the great family of Died Ecu Illii euvdiiiuoiib IAJ establishment of an I United Nations and other ui International Fertilizer Institute to help overcome the shortages of fertilizers Court to decide if defendant can refuse to give evidence Washington StarNews And Associated Press Washington The Supreme Court today agreed to consider whether a person charged with selling obscene magazines may refuse to produce them in court on grounds of selfincrimima tion The court said it would hear the appeal of Michael Anthony Maness a Temple Tex at noise of demonstrators is pro tected by First Amendments manees a t toraey charged with contempt of freespeech provisions even it it court for advising his client to intentionally disturbs the invoke the privilege against selfpeace in crimination Maness consider whether represented Michael McKelva a operator In other action the court Let stand a California Supreme Court decision that the temational organizations that have the broad competence to deal with them Arab oil slows gas savings Washington AP The head of the Environ mental Protection Agency says the end of the Arab oil embargo has prompted Americans to become very complacent Index Occasional showers tonight lows in low or mid 40s Warm er Tuesday possibility of showers highs in upper 60s Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Farm Records Sports mafcing powers Agreed to decide if the 1114 Internal Revenue Service is empowered to issue a summons for bank records merely because it learns of a money transaction that sparks its curiosity Vacated a lower court decision that upheld a Michigan election law quirk denying the Communist party a place on the i ballot this year 15 4 6 S 7 910 the rights of two Arkansas tenagam about conserving agers were violated when they were suspended from school after spiking a punch bowl at a home economics party Declined in a challenge brought by Rep Edith Holtzmam DNY and three Air Force officers to consider the scope of the Presidents war EPA Administrator Russel Train said Sunday there was too much emphasis on expanding supplies of energy rather than reducing demand I am concerned that with the cutoff of the Arab embargo the American public is going to go back to its wasteful ways Train said on CBS Face the Nation I think that were very com placent about this not really recognizing that were in for a longterm energy problem in this country he said Weve got to make up our minds that we better start giving the highest possible priority to reducing the use of energy John White looks over hyge Cypress tree in Little Black Slough Photo by Karen Wilderness endangered By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan Some of the bald cypress and tupelotrees in the swamp areover 300 years old and a few may be a great deal older The 3200 acres of swamps and wet woodland in which they grow provide a home rare plants like the spider lily and like the There are more than 100 species of woody plants in cluding trees like the swamp chestnut oak the sugarberry the overcup oak and Drum monds red maple Kingfishers powerdive for fish under the cypress trees and big black turkey vultares nest in the sandstone bluffs that descend to the water Except for bird calls and the occasional splash of a fish there is complete silence If theres wilderness any where in Illinois its here an Illinois Nature Preserves Commission representative says In Illinois In the early 1800s southern cypress and tupelo forests stretched across Southern Illi nois from the Ohio to the Mississippi Rivers An early engineers report described much of the area as impene trable swamp according to John White Murphysboro field representative of the Na ture Preserves Commission There isnt much of it left Most of the area was drained for farmland over the years A small portion of the swampland does remain basi cally unchanged in Johnson County The areas south of Vienna are known as Little Black Slough Boss Island and Goose Pond They are part of a tract that was owned for many years by Main Bro thers Box and Lumber Co Karnak a family lumber firm The cypress and tupelo swamps are still preserved 3200 Southern Illinois acres home for rare plants animals White said because the com pany represented an extra ordinary family they were real stewards of the land Their policy was to cut trees no less than 24 inches in dia meter and to leave one large tree per acre as a seed source Main Brothers sold the tract last fall as part of a 7500 aore package The West Virginia Pulp and Paper Co a New Yorkbased firm was the buy er Westvaco has a pulp mill in Wickliffe Ky The Illinois Dept of Con servation had not negotiated for the land Director An thony Dean has said that the funds were not available to buy the tract at the time But Westvaco is now explor ing the situation with the Na ture Conservancy a private conservation organization that is the negotiating agent for the state The Nature Conservancy is Nixon gets more time for taxes Key Biscayne AP President Nixon who has been told he owes in back taxes and interest has obtained a 60day extension of the April 15 filing date for his 1973 tax return White House Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L Warren said the extension was the type any taxpayer can request for additional time in filing a return a privatedonation non pro fit national organization that buys land for preservation and later sells it usually to the government The private or ganization has greater flexi bility of funds since it does not have to go through gov ernmental red tape Daniel Pike executive di rector of the Illinois chapter of the group said that Westvaco has promised to hold off any activities in he cypress swamp area until some agree ment has been reached Pike said the company and the Nature Conservancy are in the middle of negotiations and it is too early to release details If a final decision results in the land or part of the land being purchased for pre servation the state would be the final owner Pike said Walter Penny manager of Westvacos central woodlands region confirmed that the company is working very dosely with Pike The value of the land has not been disclosed but some not directly connected with the matter have estimated it at over a million dollars White one of three field representatives of the stales Nature Preserves Commission has recommended that four tracts should be preserved They include 90 per cent of the 1300 acre Little Black Slough 480acre Boss Isatid 75acre Goose Pond Three other areas totaling 500 acres are Deer Pond a small cyp ress swamp near Vienna an other section of woods with many very old cypress trees and an area adjacent to the Heron Pond Nature Preserve Preservation of the general Little Black Slough area would also help protectHeron Pond and Wildcat Bluff al ready a nature preserve White said Letters indicating interest in preservation of the area may be sent to Walter Penny Weslvaco Corp PO Box 473 Wickliffe Ky or David L Luke president Westvaco Building 299 Park Ave New York NY Washington AP Sen William Proxmire today called for abolition of the Interstate Commerce Com 14 other agencies on grounds they are useless and DWis chairman Israeli Syrian gunners exchange gunfire 11 1 J frt filtflrt C Bytiie Associated Press Israeli and Syrian gunners traded artillery and tank fire on the Golan Heights front today after a weekend of the hardest fighting since the October War Damascus radio said Syrias defense minister Maj Gen Mustafa Tlas made a quick trip to the forward command headquarters of Syrian forces on Mt Herman This was the first official Syrian reference to such a command since the October watr The Tel Aviv command said Defense Minister Moshe Dayan also toured Israeli positions on the Golan front and that a Syrian artillery barrage erupted at the time It said Dayan was unhurt but that two Israeli soldiers were wounded The command said shelling resumed this morning along the northern sector of the 300 squaremile bulge captured by Israel during the October fighting The command also announced the appointment of Brig Gen Rafael Eytan who led Israels thrust into Syria in October to command Israels northern front with both Syria and Lebanon Eytan who was promoted to major general takee over from Lt Gen Mordechai Gur who was promoted to chief of staff Israeli fighterbombers at tacked Syrian forces Sunday on Mt Hermon and the Golan Heights while below them the armies of the two countries battled fiercely with tanks and artillery The UN Security Council was to be called into session this afternoon to discuss the Israeli raid on six Lebanese villages Friday night The raid wasin retaliation for an Arab guerrilla attack from Lebanon last Thursday on the Israeli village of Qiryat Shmonah in which 18 amd the three guerrillas died Lebanon reported to the Council that two Lebanese civilians were killed and others wounded 13 Lebanese civilians were kidnaped and 31 houses destroyed in the Israeli raid The council was expected to adopt a resolution later in the week condemning Israel and Israel was expected to ignore In Israel President Ehpraim Katzir gave the Labor party 10 days to find a successor to Premier Golda MeirHe said if thef didnt come up with one he would call on the leader of the rightwing Likud block Menahem Begin to try The US Embassy in Tel Aviv reported to the State Depart ment that Yithzak Rabin a 52 yearold hero of the 1967 war arid a former ambassador to the United States was the oddson favorite for the premiership Rabin is supported by younger members of the Labor party who are demanding that new and younger people be brought into the top leadership But veteran political observers in Jerusalem said Rabin is opposed by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and an attempt to make him premier could split the party Brooke has suggestion Boston AP Sen Edward W Brooke R Mass says he favors granting immunity to President Nixon from Watergaterelated charges if the President agrees to resign The price of stepping down from the highest office in this country would be a penalty that would meet any crime that could have been committed Brooke said in a television in terview Sunday He said Nixons resignation would have to be accompanied of particulars outlining admit guilt similarto the pro cedure followed when former Vice President Spiro T Agnew stepped down and pleaded no contest charges to federal tax 14 others Senator would scrap ICQ draft agency wasteful Proxmire of the Joint Economic subcom mittee on priorities and economy in government said that if any of the 16 are serving a useful purpose the functions can be moved to an existing agency Virtually every bill passed by the Congress and signed by the President establishes some new agency commission board or advisory council Proxmire said in a statement Once started they take on a life of their own They are never For example Proxmire said Selective Service is asking million this year to keep in operation even though under the law no one can be drafted More food price curbs to be lifted Washington AP The Cost of Living Council was expected to announce today the lifting of wage and price controls from the retail food in dustry one of the last big in dustries still subject to the con trols program Council sources confirmed the and declined to speculate on what impact the action would have on food prices at the con sumer level But consumers may escape any big increases in foodprices fc since wholesale prices for many agricultural commodities have been declining in recent weeks Removal of controls from the retail food industry means the food purchased in supermarkets and in grocery stores no longer will be subject to the profit con trols Under the administrations Phase 4 program food retailers were permitted to pass along higher costs but not increase overall profits As costs rose the profit percentage on food sales declined in many cases I
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