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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Carbondale 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Herrin 212 NIWh Volume 82No 7310c a Copy Illin 010175 HOME OFFICE P0 BOX 789 DECATUR Four Sections TabloidHOpagti Pnfrii Hwrlr Blly Jnurn1 Murphyriw WEDNESDAY MARCH 27 1974 75 of apple crop lost By Wanda Barras Of the Southern lUinoisan Union and Jackson Counties fruit growers estimate that 75 to 80 per cent of the apple buds may have been killed in the twoday cold snap last weekend A 75 per cent loss of the apple crop translates into a million loss Add that to the million loss in the peach crop and it puts grow ers losses to more than million Fruit growers examined ap plebuds todayin t e m p e ra tures expected to soar to the 70s only three days away from killing temperatures of 4 to 10 degrees While growers surveyed trees the Farmers Home Ad ministration FHA prepared to make surveys of the fruit damage to report to the Illi nois Agriculture Department one step toward determining if the area qualifies as a disas ter area Robert Williams director of the Illinois Dept of Agricul ture said the FHA informa tion would be fed through his department to the governor for his consideration Ned Foley a member of the Union County Board of Commissioners Tuesday said he plans to explore the possi bility of getting the area de signated a disaster area to qualify fruit growersfor fed eral aid Don Boyd a Union County fruit grower said 75 to 80 per cent of the apple buds may have beenkilled in the freezing temperatures and Ray Grammer a Jackson County fruit grower estimat ed 75 per cent were probably killed Grammer and Boyd said it will be several days before they can accurately assess the damage Grammer says hell be able to determine by the percent age of buds that bloom That will be in mid or late April Both growers are confident thetwo counties will have a commercial crop if here are no more hard freezes and pol lination is good Boyd said We need every bloom that is on the trees tomake apples Oil gas lease policies rapped Washington AP Rep John Dingell DMich gaid today the Interior Depart ment has encouraged rising fuel prices through its reluctance to ban joint bidding on offshore oil and gas leases He said he found it curious that the department was now drafting such a ban a full five years after the Justice Depart ment recommended antitrust action to halt joint bidding Even now said Dingell there Is no assurance that the propos ed restrictions on joint bidding announced in January ever would be allowed to take ef fect A number of years ago there were draft regulations to submit exploratory data to the govern ment and these are still in draft said Dingell Joint ventures are certainly matter which deserves careful scrutiny before this time and Interior is the department which should have aggressively pursued this question said Dingell Small business and me con sumer have suffered the conse quences of high prices resulting from the departments inac tion said Dingell His comments opened a se cond day of hearings by a House panel on whether federal leasing policy discriminates against small oil and gas companies He is the subcommittees chairman Tuesday Monte Canfield deputy director of the Ford Foundation Energy Policy Pro ject testified that the ad ministration acted arbitrarily when it ordered a tenfold in crease in leasing by 1975 He said his interviews with government officials indicated the decision was made in the absence of supporting data and without consulting any of the agencies involved in leasing He said the decision was made although the federal government sharply reduced its own estimate of how much oii and gas could be produced if the Atlantic is opened to drill ing Canfield said that neither he nor the agencies affected could find out how the administration arrived at the lOmillionacre figure was asked by the com ministration had yielded to pressure applied by the major oil companies It has to have had an im pact he said An earlier witness testified that existingleasing policy discourages small companies from bidding on tracts and en courages the big companies to allow oil and gas to remain in jfiC WaS aoftCU uy wit a t mittee if he believed the adthe ground while prices rise Memo urged cutback This Owl showed op recently the yard ef Earl Halterman North Maple street Cambria apparently sick or injured because it could not fly Halterman said He is feeding it and has pro vided a box for a roost but glad to let a veter inarian or other person know ledgeable about the care and feeding of owls take over he taid The Barn Owl it classed by state wildlife biologist Ver nen Kleen as a rare perman ent resident in Southern Il linois According to Roger Tory Petersons Field Guide to the Birds the Bam Owl ranges in size from IS to 20 inches is buff or ed long legged and has white heartshaped face its erratic flight ft called mothlike its white or pale cinnamoncolored underparti are described as ghostly at night it does not hoot like some other owls but utters an eerie rasping hiss or snore kschhl Photo by Dick Carter Washington AP Senate investigators said to day they have a 1968 oil com pany memo which recommends foreign crude production cut backs because of fears of a surplus of oil Staff members of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on Multinational Corporations said the documentwas from the Judge releases testimony by undercover drug agents Wraps Alton AP were removed today from transcripts of testimony given by two undercover narcotics investigators during closeddoor sessions in the federal civil rights trial of ten former fellow drug agents Richard Hemphill a St Louis County police officer and John Corrona a St Louis city policeman testified Tuesday in TJS District Judge Omer Poos chambers Poos excluded the public and newsmen to safeguard the two events identities and current cases Initially transcripts testimony would be Poos said the of the agents and their names secret But when that only physical descriptions need be secret the judge relented On trial are seven federal of ficers and three St Louis policemen accused of conducting six allegedly illegal raids last April in the Collinsville HI area Two of those raids on Collinsville homes April 23 1973 were made on incorrect ad dresses the defense admits HemphilTs testimony contra dicted some aspects of the first witness for the prosecution Internal Revenue Service agent David J Kurz who was invited along on the raids to evaluate any financial information that might be discovered Kurz had testified he saw the and during three April 19 1973 raids Hemphill said he saw no one drinking In the first raid conducted on a rural house rented by two drug suspects but vacant that night Kurz said an agent kick ed open a door without warning or identification Hemphill said files of Standard Oil of California and projected large potential surpluses through 1373 They said the memo recom mended cutbacks in some foreign production areas to offset some increases jn Saudi Arabia and Irani where pressures were on for stepping up production Asurplus of oil wouldcause the price of oil to drop thus lowering company profits Staff members said the memo would be discussed with officials of the Standard Oil Co of California in open hearings Thursday on the influence of multinational oil corporations on United States foreign policy WOUlu ue ueticu UM lawyers for both sides agreed defendants drinking beer bfore several of identifying lice Corrona the agents themselves yelled as po Partly cloudy and a little warmer tonight low in the low 50s Mostly cloudy Thursday 30 per cent chance of rain High 65 to 70 said he may have been responsible for one of the mistaken raids He said he gave agents an address for a drug suspect but was not sure he gave them the correct town Agents looking for the suspect later mistakenly raided the Collinsville home of Mr and Mrs Donald Askew index Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records Sports Weather details map 1314 U 910 Clean air in way Coal called savior but redemption delayed Chicago AP Coal isseen by many as the in the federal savior of the energy crisis regulations on nation but clean air are Jelaying the redemption says the president of the National Coal Association CarlE Bagge spoke Tuesday at the opening session of a coal conference in Chicago where 500 state business civil and union leaders gathered to develop ideas for promoting the use of the nations vast supplies of highsulfur coal much of it in Illinois Bagge said a recent Cornell study showed that even if oil production rises 25 per cent and nuclear reactors are brought on line rapidly coal will have to provide more than one third of the nations energy by 1985 A crash program to build 36 synthetic fuel plants by 1985 will provide only 38 per cent of the energy need coal will have to Bagge claimed That means that last years coal production of 590 million tons will have to be doubled by and tripled by 1985 if energy needs are to be met he said Ironically just when coal is expected to do a giants job its strength is diluted by the federal Slean Air Act which with its restrictions on highsulfur coal could wipe out Illinois coal in dustry he claimed Bagge sought support for problems involved in applying highsulfur Illinois coal to meeting energy needs in the shortto midterm is at best mistaken Bagge said One alternative he suggested was to permit the use of high sulfur coal under controls based on weather conditions He said Illinois should consider the method used by the Tennessee Valley Authority which both lowand highsulfur uses coal depending on the possibility of a airpollution inversion Bagge sougm series of amendments submitted During an aversion the winds last week to the Clean Air Act do not clear the air of pollutants which would permit wider use of bituminous highsulfur coal reserves He warned against expecting much of new technology to convert coal to synthetic oil and natural gas We should not raise our ex pectations for synthetic fuels technology too high Anyone who says emerging synthetic fuel CilerEY liCCU tWOl rVlOi bw uuju provide the other 30 per cent technologies can resolve the leaving a heavier than normal accumulation of dangerous particles in the air The TVA uses tall smokestacks to d i s p er s e harmful sulfur oxide gas and switches to cleaner fuels when the conditions demand it Bagge said this system is far less costly than efforts to remove sulfur from bases in the smokestacks 62625 Busing dealt blow Washington AP By a resounding 293117 vote the House has gone on record against busing of school children across district lines to overcome segregation It adopted an amendment that would permit busing only after all other remedies have been tried and failed then limit it to the school closest or next closest to the pupils home The amendment was added to a bill extending the Elementary and Secondary Education Act the largest federal school aid program Senate action still is required Similar antibusing legislation was approved by the House in 1972 but died in a Senate filibuster The managers of the bill predicted it would cause trouble in the Senate this year too Rep Carl D Perkins DKy said Senate opposition to the amendment would endanger the school bilTto which it was attached The bill would extend ESEA which expires June 30 for three more years Cattle price prop may up beef costs Washington AP Agriculture Department of ficials admit that government plans to buy million worth of high quality hamburger to help prop up cattle prices also could boost beef prices at super markets It will have an upward thrust in cattle prices but its im possible to say how much John Larsen a USDA livestock economist said Butit will be a little shot in the arm for pro ducers Other department officials said they could not estimate how much the spring beefbuying campaign announced Tuesday might add to consumer meat costs if cattle prices rise as planned The amount to be bought is small very small and is more of a gesture than anything one official said asking not to be identified It could make 100000 cattlemen feel better and 200 million other people mad Spokesmen for cattlemen said the purchase represents about one days slaughter in the in dustry According to department of ficials the million purchase is expected to provide about 50 million pounds of ground beef in addition to what the government regularly buys for the school lunch program About million was spent last year on 1 454 million pounds of beef pro vided for the program The beef buying was disclosed by Agriculture Secretary Earl L Bute at a White House i meeting Goaltogas plants big topic Nixon tapes used in trial New York AP For the first time In a criminal trial lawyers for former Atty Gen John N Mitchell and onetime Com merce secretary Maurice H Stans have had recourse to White House tapes of conversa tions with the President Transcripts from two of the tapes were used in a searching crossexamination Tuesday of ousted White House counsel John W Dean III at the con spiracy trial of Mitchell and summary of a third tape Dean was scheduled to testify again today His appearance in his first two days of testimony has lured spectatorsinto line outside the courthouse as early as 2 am in order to obtain the handful of Spectators line up outside of courtroom President Nixon a request last year from Mitchell The witness said the request was for ac tion Atty by Mitchells Gen Richard successor G Klein seats available to public at the trial te general Mitchell and Stans are accus ed of impeding a massive fraud investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission against financier Robert L Vesco in return for his secret cash contribution to President campaign Nixons reelection John W Dean III At one point Tuesday Dean testified that he concealed from mij dienst against the federalgrand jury that eventually indicted the two defendants The testimony was based on a White House tape as was subsequent testimony relating to Stans The government charges that Stans tried to conceal Vescos contribution by failing to report it under a new law that became effective April 7 1972 three days before the money charged hands Stans then was chairman of the Finance Committee to Re Elect the President It Is his claim that he acted in accord with legal advice that Vescos pledge of the money before the reporting deadline made the concealment legal Referring to a White House conversation of Feb 28 1973 Dean was asked on cross ex amination On that date didnt you in form the President of the United States I think we have a good strong case that the donor 8f the money Robert Veseo had relinquished control of the money and constructive possession of the money was in the hands of the finance com mittee Yes I did Dean replied But the government later asked Wasnt the basis of your statement to the President at that time whatMr Stans told you That is correct replied1 Dean Also at issue in the trial is whether Stans demanded that the be in cash so It could be traced less easily One count of perjury against him is based on Stans testimony before the grand jury that be never made such a demand ByJohnTrimble Of The Southern Ulinoisan Talk about changing Illinois coal into cleanburning gas and oil dominated the first day of a coal conference in Chicago Three Southern Illinois per sons attending the meeting ag reed in telephone interviews that the focal point of the conference is developing coal conversion plants State Rep Richard 0 Hart DBenton said some speakers said such plants are coming but they raised the question of what will happen to the Illinois coal industry before are built It has beenestimated that the earliest a coal gasification plant could beoperating in Illinois would be in the early 1980s In the meantime the state clean air act will ban the use of most Illinois coal by May301975 gas emission controls are perfect ed Those controls are needed to desulfurize the smoke emitt ed by burning coal Much Il linois coal has a high sulfur content put into the air when coal is burned Sulfur is harm ful because when mixed with water in the lungs it can create suJf uric acid Whatwill happen to Industry before plants are built Carl Bagge president of the National Coal Association warnedthe conference that coal production must double by 1985 to meet energy needs but the industry must have assurances that coal can be used and sold for a of time Hart said Thomas G Ayefs president of Commonwealth Edison Co saida stack gas emission con trol device that costs mil lion being tested near Chi has proven unsatisfac tory Hart said when the General Assembly reconvenes April 16 he will reintroduce a bill would delay the clean air act 1975 deadline to allow for the development of work able emission controls A simi lar bill was vetoed last year Hart said the general cen sensus at ttie conference is there will be more than one coal gasification plant in Il linois but How many and where remains to be seen He said a representative of the Office of Coal Research Washington DC said the companies involved in coal conversion research will de termine where the plants are located Carbondale Mayor Neal Ec kertsaid the conference is veryinformative and the main thrust seems to be coal gasi fication and liquefication But he warned To make any decision based on the in formation would be very has ty It is not a well rounded approach The conference was fed fi gures by coal industry repre sentatives about energy needs and that leaves a little to be desired he said The environrrientalists had not made themselves heard inthe first day of the confer ence he said and there was not much rebuttal to some of tie speakers Keneth Cook a West Frank fort city councilman said the conference is trying to promote ways to use Illinois coal and get along with the environ mentalists Gov Daniel Wal ker is trying to find ways to get Illinois coal on the market If the law is not changed coal companies in Illinois will have to dose because of the clean air deadline which has already been extended from May 30 of this year Cook said The industry is wanting a sevenor eightyear extension he said Cook who is a coal miner said I mink theyre all going to agree something has to be done Hart said more than 400 persons attended the first day of me conference including 67 legislators The conference was high lighted Monday when Gov Walker drove a car in down town Chicago power ed by gasoline made from Illinois coal Today the conference is to hear a panel discussion of environmental problems and tour the HyGas pilot coal gasification plant in Chi cago Hart said
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