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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - February 27, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois 010175 PUBLICATION OFPICB Murphysbore Herrin 710 N Illlnolt 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th APERS BOX789 Volumt 82No Copy 4 bet trtu Nirrln Dillir I WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY Mine bill stymied New York Times News Service And Assocated Press Washington Backers of a strict strip mining regulation bill today beat back a proposed substitute which they said would open vast areas of the West to virtually unregulated surface mining for coal The substitute measure of fered by Rep Craig Hosmer R Calif was defeated 21 to 19 in the House Interior Com mittee This means the committee will now prepare for floor action a more stringent measure written by one of its subcommittees last year Hosmer predicted the sub committee bill will fail and may rot even win approval of the full committee because of opposition which it has already generated Rep John Melcher DMont said Hosmers substitute failed to provide adequate re quirements for revegetation of strip mine sites and for protec tion of water supplies Hosmer said the Nixon ad ministration opposes the sub committee bill He said that much of his bill was drafted at the White House Carl E Bagge president of National Association said By voting down a tough en vironmental bill on surface mining and retaining instead one which seeks to shut it down the House committee has taken a long step toward making the energy crisis permanent Industry representatives op posing strict controls suffered an unexpected setback Tuesday In a newly released government engineering study of the bitter controversy surrounding strip mining environmental con straints The study asserted that almost all of the strictures put forward by the committee and attacked as stopmining measures by industry lobbyists are both economically and technically feasible The new strip mine study was prepared under contract for Ithe may get coalgas unit Story on page 5 Appalachian Regional Com mission and the state of Ken tucky by two independent engineering consulting firms It appeared to contradict flatly and with extensive data the thin forecasts of an energy catastrophe by coal industry leaders who claim that stiff en vironmental regulation of strip mining would foreclose by statute the recovery of vast coal deposits on the one hand and make reclamation costs so high in other areas as to make mining economically pro hibitive Speaking at of Voter meeting were from left 24 th District primary candidates Robert Gaffner John Austin Val Oshel Republicans Joe R Browning No bloodshed as candidates air views I 1 nnf and InfflKlahlW last VfiaT By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan The five contestants for the 24th district congressional seat met in an arena provided by the Carbondale League of oy utraguc ui The Hosmer bill was deserib Women Voters Tuesday but ed by committee aides and by environmentalist spokesmen as a move to leave the coal in dustrys operations in the far western Great Plains coal states Montana Wyoming and the Dakotas totally unregulated One industrysupported pro vision of Hosmers bill would have exempted open pit mines from federal en vironmental regulation while defining such operations in a way that would exempt the vast acreages of western coal lands now on surveyors plats for prospective strip mines The twoyear strip mine engineering study reported that in the steep mountain coal fields of eastern Kentucky the study area new methods of strip mine extraction could virtually eliminate the permanent environmental damage which has plagued the Appalachian region and at no significant loss of profitability to mine operators Interior Committee aides said the reports findings were generally applicable to surface was no bloodshed and little argument on the issues of the campaign Questions about amnesty campaign ethics an Indo china peace pledge and the termination of faculty jobs at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale were among those put to the two Democrats and three Republicans vying for the nominations to the of fice Democrats Paul Simon Carbondale and Joe R Browning Benton and Re publicans Val Oshel Harris burg John Austin Oakdale and Robert Gaffner Green ville spoke before an aud ience of about 200 at the First Presbyterian Church in Car bondale Each candidate spoke brief ly about himself then answer ed written questions from the league which sponsored the meeting and members of the audience Austin arrived late and did not speak to all the questions There was some split of opinion on the question of am nesty tor those who left the country to avoid service in the Vietnam War Gaffner suggested that some consideration might be given to a domestic service program to let people have a way of paying off their debt to the country Simon said that the decision lies with the President but the United States has always granted amnesty in past wars and I think we eventually will in this case He said the Presi dent could look at possibilities such as the alternative service system Gaffner mentioned Oshel said he is opposed to amnesty Browning said he is opposed to unconditional amnesty and said each case should be judged individually Austin a retired AiiForce lieutenant colonel said he is not unalterably opposed but I would have to give it a long hard look On the ethics question Browning Simon and Gaffner favored public financing for presidential campaigns but Oshel opposed the tax write off method for public financ ing on the ground that itfav ors the incumbent Simon and Gaffner spoke in favor of mandatory detailed inc ome disclosure for candidates and Browning and Oshel favored complete disclosure of sources of contributions and ceilings on contributions and expendi tures The five candidates were asked if they had signed an Indochina peace pledge pre pared by the Carbondale Peace Center which calls for the prohibition of renewal of any combat operations in In dochina The pledge also calls for withholding of any nonfaum anitarian aid to either party in South Vietnam which does not comply with the peace agreement A third provision calls for opposing all direct and indirect United States funding of police and prison systems for Indochina An optional point extends the tiiird provision to cover all other countries which impri son their citizens for political reasons Oshel and Austin said they have signed the pledge Simon said he has not and will not sign it Though he said he agrees with the use of U S economic pressure to end violation of civil liber ties in other countries he fa vors a formula that would preclude a cutoff of humani tarian aid in countries where it is needed even if they are under a dictatorship Browning and Gaffner both said they had some objections to the pledge as it stands Gaffner said he does not approve of the job termina tions at Southern Illinois Uni versity because with school enrollments leveling off he feels it is a good time to improve facultystudent ra tios Austin said the firings indicate inadequate adminis tration All five candidates said they support the Womens Equal Rights Amendment which was defeated in the Illinois legislature last year There was a threetoone split on the question of abol ishihg the electoral college in Presidential elections Gaffner Browning and Oshel said the electoral me thod should be abolished in favor of a popular vote Si mon disagreed saying the electoral system would provide a clear majority if the country ever had more than two parties Browning and Simon said that the Watergate investiga tion could lead to impeach ment or resignation of the President who they said has not been candid with the American people Browning Gaffner Simon and Oshel all said they thought the investigation should continue though Oshel said he would vote against impeachment astilings stand now The others took no stand Simon right about shahJackson Predicts major indrcfmenfs mine By the Associated Press Federal energy chief William operations everywhere E Simon reiterated today his contradiction of the shah of Iran and his position was backed by a key legislator in the Henry M issue with the shahs statement that the United States was importing as much oil now as before the Arab boycott The prime minister of energy field Sen Jackson DWash Simon had taken Iran responded that Simon was talking through his hat I just stand on my statement Simon said on the NBC Today program We have our numbers here in the United States government and theyre factual Jackson also said he thought that a presidential veto of the emergency energy bill con taining a fuel price rollback as promised by President Nixon could overriden More than 12000 miners stayed off the job today in a spreading walkout to protest a Tonight partly cloudy with lows in the 30s Thursdaypart ly cloudy and continued mild Highs in the 60s Partlycloudy Friday through Sunday with a chance of showers Sunday full Watergate story drastic shortage of gasoline in first southern West Virginia INDEX Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family living Records Sports Weather details map College board incumbents file As filing started today for positions on the three area com munity colleges boards only in cumbents turned in their peti tions As of shortlybefore noon no one at all had filed for one of three seats at John A Logan College Carterville one of three seats at Shawnee College Ullin or either of two seats that will be open at Rend Lake College Ina Clifford Batteau of Elkville and Richard Hunter Carbon dale two incumbents for Hie Logan College board have filed their nominating petitions at the campus administrative office No one according to Ruth Ann Scott executive secretary has filed for the seat of Jerome Alongi present board chairman He announced last month that he would not run again Leslie Broom Vienna and Dr AL Robinson Mounds incumbents on the Shawnee Col lege board have filed petitions Acording to Loren Klaus Shawnee president no one has asked for a petition for the seat of Louis G Herman of Metropolis the board chairman Horman said in an interview in January that he was undecid ed at that time about running for his board seat BJ Witunski Rend Lake Col lege business manager said nei ther of the incumbents Marie Simmons nor Albert Gulley both of Benton has filed a peti tion March 22 is the final filing date for all of he board seats and March 26 the final date for withdrawal of petitions to run Elections in the three com munity college districts will be April 13 Walker promises no closings Springfield AP Gov Daniel Walker announc ed today he will ask approval of a million mental health budget and promised that no mental health facilities will be closed during the next year and a half The mental health budget re quest is million greater than the appropriation for the current fiscal year which ends July 1 Walker said He said two new the W a u k e g a n Developmental Center and the Chester Mental Health Center will be opened and he stressed that all qualified community agencies which have applied for grants for there mainder of this year will be funded He also announced a public health budget of million a decrease c New York Times Washington Watergate special prosecutor Leon Jaworski says he believes his office now knows the full 2528 story of the Watergate affair and predicted major indictments 31 in the coverup phase of the case 4 would come as early as Thurs 47 day or Friday 2829 He said in an interview Tues 911 daythat the indictments wait 24 only on the sequestering of a jury in the New York trial of former cabinet officers John N Mitchell Stans and Maurice H Once a number of indictments have been handed up he said it may be easier for the House Judiciary Committee to obtain information from hisoffice for its impeachment investiga tion Jaworski in an interview with the New York Times declined to describe what motivated Union message However ha added that he would still seek more evidence once indictments have been handed up Additional documents will be needed he said both to help nail down M JT participants in the Watergate cases and to prove the innocence j ji UA ITiniiffVvf1 affair except to quote the British historian Lord Acton Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely He said the full Watergate story would come out as in dictments and trials are under taken The case has not peak ed he said and there will be fresh disclosures The prosecution he said has enough evidence to indict in a number of cases as President Nixon said in his State of the of some of those thought to be involved Jaworskis latest request for documents and tape recordings was sent to the White House Jan 9 and was refused Jaworski also said that when he turned over to the impeach ment investigation a list describing 700 pages of documents and 17 tape recordings from the White Over Canary Islands Missing balloonist reported sate Canary Islands AP Several thousand people in the resort town of Puerto de la Cruz reported seeing a balloon today The Spanish news agency CIFRA said it was the balloon of massing American adventurer Thomas Gatch Jr Another Spanish news agency Europa Press said it could not confirm this It first reported that it was Catchs balloon then said only that a blue balloon was sighted about 10000 feet above the Valley of Orotava I Police in the area said they had seen no trace of the balloon A spokeswoman forthe Gatch family in theUnited States said she had no immediate con firmation of the reported sighting The 48yearold bachelor from Alexandria Va left Har risljurg Pa 10 days ago in a pressurized gondola in his bid to become the first man to cross the Atlantic in a balloon He lias been missing for five days House it was done with the consent of Nixons lawyers Kissinger gets Syria ROW list Washington AP The White House announced Wednesday that Syria has given Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger a list of 65 Israelis the total number held prisoner of war This is a major first step in efforts to move toward a disengagement of forces In addition the White Housa announcement said the Interna tional Red Cross will be permitted to visit the Israeli POWs Friday morning Both of these items were demanded byIsrael Squatters evicted Phantom drip turns icy Flanked by icy figures In early morning cold this plug at Town and Country shopping center in Marion poorly its leaky valvt temperatures forecast for a f t e r n o n should banish jce and let the fire plug again dis cretely drip Photo by Ed Grw Stroudsburg Pa AP United States marshals today evicted a colony of squatters occupying the Site of afederal dam project and began to bulldoze their abandoned homes They were there illegally so we are removingthem said Christopher Rice a spokesman for the US Justice Depart ment The marshals dressed in blue jumpsuits and aimed with revolvers knocked on doors of the 21 rundown structures tha squatters have called home since arriving in the late1960s The marshals presented letters telling the inhabitants they were being asked to leave as the result of an eviction orderlssued by a federal judge The area has been cleared We are proceeding to break down the property a marshals voice crackled over a walkie talkie less thantwo hours after the officers moved in at daybreak The squatters estimated to number about 45 men women and children wertled out in pairs and drivento roadblocks on flic fringe ofthe lush valley that flanks the Delaware River near this Pocono Mountain community The government has viewed the selfproclaimed residents of the area known as Shawneeon theDelaware as a problem for more than three years Generally in their 20s and 30s the squatters declared a peoples right to the land on which they kept pigs horses and chickens and tilled small gardens Thepopulation would swell to as many as 170 iff the summer months aumoritifes say but a looseknit community remained throughout the year Most declared themselves dropouW from a more conventional society I was sound asleep I wanted to get up early but not that early said Sandy Schiebel 21 who said she had been in the valley for fouryears I dont know what we are going to do I guess we are going to stand around by the roadside and try to figure it out ITie land where the squatters lived is for the multimilhbn dollar Tocks Island Dam project It will provide a flood system and recreation area Rice said federal state and local officials have developed plans to assist those evicted in relocating by offering them transportation storage for their belongings and temporary care for their animals Foods and medical care also were available he said
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