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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - February 12, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION Uth Volumt 82No 36lflC a Copy ftStctloi iiKCMtwtoCirbondilt frtt Prwi Hirrln Oilly Journal Murphyrtore intfWMMtf TUESDAY FEBRUARY 12 1974 010175 IN OFFICE LINDSAYSCHAUf NEWSI PO BOX 789 DECATUR ILL 62625 m Stevenson Shaw nee oil I eases too low By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan Harrisburg Sen Adlai Stevenson III D 111 said today that oil and gas reserves on public land such as the Shawnee National Forest should be developed by a federal oil and gas cor poration formation of which he has proposed Stevenson reviewed the sit uation concerning oil and gas lease applications now pend ing on toe Shawnee Nation al Forest with US Forest Service personnel in Harris burg He then toured the na tional forest by airplane Stevenson said he was troubled by the relatively low cost of these leases and the number of major oil com panies that have applied for them The land would lease for 50 cents per acre per year Stevenson said leases on sim ilar private lands sell for per acre per year He said he has introduced legislation to establish a fed eral corporation to develop oil and natural gas resources on public land for the benefit of the public Such a corporation would provide competition for the major oil companies hie said He said general acceptance of the idea is growing A couple of months ago it wouldnt have had a chance he said He said it is being backed by the Consumer Fed eration AFLCIO and has 17 sponsors in theSen ate The oil companies are fur ious they are more upset about this than anything thats come down the pike he said Stevenson said before deci sions could be made about whether or not to lease public land for oil and gasdevelop Alexander Solzlwnittyn AP Wirephoto Soviets arrest A Solzhenitsyn Moscow AP Soviet security agents and police arrested Alexander Solzhenitsyn at his wifes Moscow home today after the Nobel Prizewinning author fefused to answer a summons to SUNNY Tonight fair with lows in the 30s Wednesday partly sunny and mild Highs in toe 60s Mostly cloudy skies are expected Thursday through Saturday with a chance of rain Thursday INDEX Claaified 1114 Comlei TV Bridge Crossword 7 Kditorlalt 4 Family Living 6 Records 1415 MO Weather details map 15 Youth 5 the state prosecutors office family friends reported There was no official con firmation of toe report The friends said they saw four plainclothes agents and a squad of uniformed police take the author of Gulag Archipelago from his wifes apartment building on Moscows Gorky Street No further details of his arrest were immediately available The action against Solzhenitsyn toe winner of toe 1970 Nobel Prize for Literature culminated a vicious sixweek official campaign in toe Soviet press which damned the author for the publication in toe West in late December of his Gulag book The book chronicled the terror of the Soviet secret police and toe nations labor camp system from 1918 to 1956 Last Friday and again Mon day toe Soviet state prose cutors office summoned Solzhenitsyn But he refused to appear or acknowledge toe legality of toe summons Kidnapers send second letter Berkeley AP A second letter has been received from toe terrorist kid napers of newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst her father an nounced today Its contents were not immediately disclosed The girls father Randolph A Hearst leaned out a window of the familys Hillsborough mansion and shouted to newsmen A letter has arrived at toe station The letter was received by radio station KPFA in Berkeley which received a first letter last Thursday from toe Symbionese Liberation Army The mysteri ous terrorist group has claimed responsibility for kidnaping Miss Hearst last week Hearst sent two members of his family to pickup the let ter An FBI official had predicted earlier that toe family would hear from the abductors by tonight Charles Bates special agent In charge of toe FBIs San Francisco office predicted that word would be received within 24 hours Energy talks getpolitical Washington AP The opening of todays session of the Washington energy con ference was delayed for 30 minutes as ministers of the nine Common Market countries tried to iron out their differences on how to respond to the U S position There is already serious talk among diplomats that the con ference of 13 major oil consum ing countries might not end to day as planned or if concluded that there will be no final com munique unless as one diplo mat put By some miracle we can agree oh one The caucus had been schedul ed to last for one hour to permit the opening of the conference at 10 am The ministers broke up at am and agreed to meet later in the day in a third effort to formulate a joint position The Europeans in their caucus did not close the gap between the French position and the views of the other eight on how to cooperate with the United States on energy pro blems Western diplomats re Knowledgeable sources said that the problem is now going beyond the energy question The difference between us and Monsieur Jobert Michel Jobert the French foreign minister is a political question which should be resolved here and now a European diplomat said In a related development President Moammar Khadafy of Libya retaliated against the conference by completing the nationalization of Libyan pro perties of three American oil companies California Asiatic Co owned by Standard Oil of California the American Over seas Petroleum Co owned by California Asiatic and Texaco and the LibyanAmerican Oil French envoy Kissinger argue on objectives Co owned by Atlantic Rich field Tripoli termed it a fresh slap in Americas face There were expectations the conference will schedule another high level meeting at which producers and consumers in cluding those from developing countries could participate But otherwise speeches by foreign and finance ministers Monday appeared to confirm the prediction that the problems of the energy shortage go far beyond what a twoday meeting could resolve The United States represented by Secretary of StateHenry A Kissinger and Treasury SecretaryGeorge P Schultz ispleading for comply cooperation and promising assistance to its friends and allies who are far more depen dent on Arab oil than in this country Jobert does not want to hear of such close cooperation which he contends is impossible because the United States a majoroil producer cannot be compared with other countries that have to import every drop of oil they need Jobert in an uncompromising speech said that Europe must be free to tackle the problem and that it was not desirable to establish a system of pre liminary consultations with the other big consuming entities such as the United States He also argued with Kissinger on another point Kissinger asked for agreed rules of con duct in dealings with the pro ducers The consumers Jobert said should not try to define a new code let us not seek to establish or to impose a new world energy order Kissinger suggested that the conference set up some follow up mechanism he called it a coordinating group but Jobert did not like this idea either France for her part would not guarantee such a structure be it working groups an action group for energy he said Kissinger as many times before in speeches and press conferences again was critical about bilateral deals such as Jobert concluded in two recent tours of the Middle East The only result of unmanag ed bilateralism will be to bid up prices perhaps even beyond present levels and to tfablilize them at levels that will ruin the countries making the bilateral arrangements before they ruin everyone Kissinger told the conference A few hours later at a White House dinner for the ministers President Nixon backed up Kissinger on this point It might be good politics to make such deals over the short term but over the long term it is bad statesmanship Nixon said in his toast Jobert in his conference speech said there was nothing wrong with such bilateral ar rangements and he was sup ported by Britains Sir Alec Douglas Home But in his firm resistance against toe US position Jobert unexpectedly was left alone many of his colleagues in the Common Market were far more sympathetic to the Kissinger concept Trucks are on the move But thats just a guess he said Im just assuming that from the fact that they sent a letter last Thursday and if they are going to send another like they indicated they would then it should be about time for it Bates made toe comment after spending some two hours at the Hearst family home with the parents of the 19yearold Miss Hearst I just wanted to tell them were doing everything we can he said of the meeting with Mr and Mrs Randolph A Hearst We are not going to do anything at toe moment that might cause anything serious to happen to Patty Hearst Were not going to go in and hassle people because we want her back and we want her back safely N Hearst said Monday that toe silence from toe kidnapers has frightened the Hearst family even though he said he has to believe that his daughter is still alive By the Associated Press Produce and meat were pour ing into toe nations market places at nearnormal levels to day as toe independent truck drivers walkout appeared near an end Governorsin two states ordered the deactivation of Na tional Guard troops Gov Arch A Moore Jr an1 nounced a phased deactiva tion of troops in a fivecounty area of north West Virginia where an emergency situation had been declared because of the independent truckers pro test In Ohio where independent truckers were among the first to begin the shutdown Gov John J Gilligan deactivated Ohio National Guardsmen after 10 days duty All of our reports indicate truck traffic has returned to near normal volume and toe in cidents of violence which have marred toe truck shutdown have virtually ended toe governor said Two shooting incidents and one incident of rock throwing were reported Monday night Gilligan said It is unfortunate that a tiny group of dissidents insisted on attempting to cripple our economy he said I refer not to those who withheld their ser vices which is their right as in dependent businessmen but to those who created the atmos phere of violence that necessi tated toe calling out of the Na tional Guard The Independent Truckers Association in southern New England voted Monday night to end their strike The decision 4400 came just one day after toe drivers had vowed to continue their protest Were going to try toe new government proposals said Robert Esty a spokesman for toe Association U S automakers reported toe 15000 men they were forced to lay off or put on short shifts because of a breakdown in parts deliveries during the strike were back on toe job Monday Pro duction was described as normal And others among toe 100000 persons temporarily idled by toe shutdown over fuel prices and freight rates went back to work A vacuum cleaner company in Bloomington 111 told its 1700 workers to be back on toe job Wednesday Truck traffic was described as being between 80 and 100 per cent of normal in the areas hardest hit by toe strike And violence had almost ended with a few scattered shooting inci dents reported Several of the smaller groups of independents reversed their rejection votes Monday and others scheduled new votes for today and Wednesday ment a national inventory should be run to find out what weve got He also said there should be stricter standards to pro ject the environment We must not sacrifice a resource so valuable and diverse as the Shawnee National Forest by allowing the energy crisis to press us into making hasty uninformed decisions he said r i Stevenson said that the fed eral oil and gas corporation if the bill is passed could probably begin production in two or three years In the meantime he said he thinks gas rationing is inevitable and the longer we wait the higher prices well get Long term energy produc tion processes such as coal gasification are probably 10 years in the future he said He said he is working to get the first of the coal gasifi cation plants located in Illi nois Illinois is the only possible site where coal can be produc ed through deep mining rather than strip mining he said Charles Headricks Shawnee National Forest Supervisor said that no leases had been granted recently Sen Adlai Stevenson Photo by Demaris Berry Stevenson warns flood threat worse than 73 By DeMaris Berry Of Tte Southern Illinoisan I dont like to be the bearer of bad tidings toe conditions for spring flooding are better this year than they were last year at this time said US Sen Adlai E Stevenson III I urge everyone threatened by flood damage to apply as soon as possible for federal flood insurance Stevenson and representatives from toe US Army Corps of Engineers toe Federal Insur ance Administration toe Illinois Civil Defense Agfency and the Farmers Home Administration met Monday in Chester to dis cuss toe present river condi tions and the financial aid avil able to those affected by floods Loans are available through the Farmers Homfe Administra tion to persons living in flood prone areas Farmers affected by toe spring floods of 1973 can get a loan The first will not have to be repaid and one per cent interest will be paid on toe remainder To get a loan one must apply before April 3 For those affected by floods occurring after last spring and for farmers applying after April 2 the interest rate will be 5 per cent and toe entire loan will have to be repaid said toe senator Charles Schulman state FHA director listed some of the qual ifications for toe 1 per cent loans as be a farmer 18 years old or older production or prop erty losses A reduction in in come of 10 per ctnt is enough to make a farmer eligible be able to return to farming as a result of toe loan For more information he sug gested persons call their county FHA supervisor Last spring President Nixon declared 52 Illinois counties elig ible for disaster assistance Farmers whose property was damaged believed they quali fied for FHA relief But when they applied for assistance they found that strict interpretation of a provision prohibiting loans if credit was available e 1 s e where denied them toe benefit of lowinterest disaster loans Stevenson said Those who were able to se cure loans found they were not as generous as the loans avail able to other homeowners and small businessmen from toe Small Business Administration he said The senator said this led to his introducing legislation which is now law That legislation tends toe dis crimination against fanners George Bernstein representa tive of toe Federal Insurance Administration said all persons living in floodprone areas may buy toe flood insurance if areas have a building code or zoning There has been some misun derstanding that toe whole coun ty or an entire city must have toe codes or zoning This is not true Just the floodprone areas must have it said Bern stein The building code must identi fy toe floodprone area and in clude certain requirements such as anchors to foundations and protective measures for sewer lines Once toe US Corps of Engi neers gets a map completed which includes toe 100year flood level then the counties and towns will be required to have zoning for the floodprone areas saidBernstein Col Thorwald R Peterson district engineer with the US Army Corps of Engineers said it may be five years before toe maps are available to all areas Jones found no shortage of fertilizer After a twohour session Monday at Chester dealing with topics relating to floods U S Sen Adlai Stevenson ended by saving Now if toe farmers can just get fertiliz er Some of them may think they got plenty of it this af ternoon quipped Erie Jones state Civil Defense director who was one of the speakers at the meeting which many farmers attended Regisfered letter containing subpoena for Nixon is lost Los Angeles AP The U S Postal Service is trying to trace a missing regis tered letter containing a Los Angeles judges subpoena for toe testimony of President Nix on The subpoena mailed by Superior Court Judge Gordon Ringers clerk on Feb 4 had not arrived in Washington D C Superior Court by this morn ing The judge said Im rendered speechless Los Angeles Postmaster James J Symbol said such a long delay in delivery of regis tered mail is not normal at all and that he was ordering a trace on toe letter Ringer issued toe order for Nixons testimony at toe request of toe Presidents former top domestic adviser John D Ehrlichman The document asks Nixon to testify at a hearing Feb 25 and at toe trial of Ehrlichman and two other former White House aides G Gordon Liddy and David Young on April 15 Liddys attorney Charles Gessler raised toe possibility that toe Feb 25 hearing might have to be postponed if toe sub poena is not found and delivered soon The White House has said Nixon will resist toe order to testify but it is likely that toe Los Angeles hearing would not proceed until toe matter of his possible appearance is settl ed The Washington court under the uniform code covering out ofstate witnesses was to hold a hearing on toe matter following receipt of toe subpoena The Washington court could either order the subpoena served or quashed Ehrlichman Liddy and Young are charged with burglary and conspiracy in the 1971 breakin at toe office of Daniel Ellsbergs psychiatrist Ehrlichman also is charged with perjury Libya seizes all US oil company properties Tripoli AP President Moammar Khadafy has retaliated against toe Washington oil oohference by completing toe nationalization of toe Libyan properties of three American oil companies The fresh slap in Americas face as Radio Tripoli termed it promised stormy weather later this week for Egypts pro posal to ease toe Arab oil em bargo against toe United States The proposal will be argued at a meeting of the Arab oil nations opening Thursday in the Libyan capital Khadafy last September took control of 51 per cent of all foreign oil holdings in Libya A decree Monday issued by his Revolutionary Command Coun cil ordered nationalization of toe other 49 per cent of the Cali fornia Asiatic Co owned by Standard Oil of California and American Overseas Petroleum Co owned by California Asoatic and Texaco and toe Libyan American Oil Co owned by Atlantic Richfield LibyanAmerican is a minori ty partner in an Exxon con cession in Libya but oil sources said Exxons holdings were not affected by toe nationalization decree The nationalized properties produce 124000 barrels of crude oil a day or about fiveper cent of Libyas total daily production of more than two million bar rels The other American com panies operating in Libya are Mobil which produces 120000 barrels a day Oasis jointly operated by Continental Marathon Amerada Hess and Royal Dutch Shell and produc ing 700000 barrels Occidental Petroleum 370000 barrels and Amoco Standard Oil of In whose daily production of 6000 barrels was suspended by toe Arab oil embargo because it went to toe United States The decree said toe Revolu tionary Command Council would set up a committee to determine compensation for the com panies It probably will be based onthenetbook value of companies which is usually considerably below toe real value to reduce taxes Tripoli Radio said toe na tionalization was Col Khadafys practical reply to a message last week from President Nixon explaining the aims of toe Washington parley State Department officials in Washington said that if Libya had seized toe oil companies holdings for political purposes they would encourage lawsuits against the Libyan government
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