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Southern Illinoisan: Thursday, January 24, 1974 - Page 1

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   Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - January 24, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois                                010175 LIBRARY LS NEWSPAPERS BOX DECATUR ILL PUBLICATION OFFICH Carbondale Murphysboro Herrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th them Hlinoisan Volume 2010e a Copy Two 24 Paget lmcoisonoerbondH Frei fna Hrrlit Dlly Journal Murphyoboro mdtpendtnt THURSDAY JANUARY 24 1974 CarbondaleHerrlnMurphysboro Con pollutersbe fined TMfvlaTl By Rarer Rothe Of The Southern Hlinoisan The Illinois Pollution Con trol Board and Environmen tal Protection Agency are waiting for a ruling from the Illinois Supreme Court on whether the PCB has power to impose fines for Environ mental Protection Act viola tions Three lower courts have rul ed against the boards power to fine while two have upheld it according to an EPA spokesman The latest ruling against the board came from the fifth District Appellate Court Mt Vernon in the case of a Dowell salvage firm fined for burning of automobile up holstery The fifth district court has made a similar rul Environmental Protection Agency Pollution Control Board await Supreme Court ruling ing previously The case before the Su preme Court is an appeal of a 1971 ruling against the board in the case of the EPA vs the City of Waukegan Ron OConnor of the EPA said Waukegan was fined appealed the case and the appellate court ruled that the PCB has no power to fine OConnor said The case went to the Supreme Court in early December 1973 he said The control board was given the power to fine through the Illinois Environmental Protec tion Act of 1970 Since then several violators have argu ed that it is unconstitutional for a state agency to impose fines without acting through the regular court system Both the PCB and the EPA say that the fining power is the backbone of the state pol lution control apparatus ef fectiveness If there is a Supreme Court ruling against the board there could be serious complica tions OConnor said If the Supreme Court says the PCB does not have the power to fine a good ques tion is what happens to the money already collected he said The collected fines go directly into the state General Revenue Fund ixon requests more school aid Washington AP President Nixon today sent Congress a sweeping education message proposing more money for programs ranging from pre school Headstart to college stu dent aid The President urged House and Senate committees to further consolidate some education categorical aid pro grams into broad grant authorities and offered to in crease federal aid to elementary and secondary education by million next year The special message sent ahead of the State of the Union address and the fiscal 1975 budget requests swift con gressional action School districts across the nation will begin putting their annual budgets together next month but unless we soon enact reforms they will not know how much their federal funds will be until late fall the White House message said If Congress acts promptly on the request for a billion supplemental appropriation for the current fiscal year the President said those who run Asks additional funds for programs from Head Start to college student aid our elementary and secondary schools as well as vocational and adult education program would for thefirst time know how much federal money they would have before the school year begins not several months after the year has begun Among the Presidents pro posal in the wideranging message Further consolidation of present vocational education programs and merger of ex isting authorities in adult education I A new formula for distributing federal funds for the education of disadvantaged children under Title 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act which expires June 30 Phaseout over two years of federal impactaid programs for children whose parents work on property but do not live on federal installations provided that no district would lose more than five per cent of its total operating budget in the first year Full funding of impact aid to districts whose enrollments consist of at least 25 per cent of children whose parents both live and work on federal property and 90 per cent funding in districts where they comprise less than 25 per cent A new unspecified project grant program to aid school districts undergoing voluntary or courtordered desegregation It would replace the Emergency School Aid Act Greatly expanded spending up to billion for Basic Educational Opportunity Grant program which would give needy college students up to a year as compared with the present average of 260 for entering freshmen only More operating funds for the preschool Headstart pro gram and money to insure that all children participating in Headstart can obtain a nourishing breakfast and lunch The President said his pro posals which are expected to be spelled out in greater detail later are designed to obtain a revitalized and rewarding American edu cational system But the highly unusual timing of the message written at the last minute and coming ahead of his State of the Union address Jan 30 and the 1975 budget transmittal Feb 4 puzzled some members of Congress made me feel I was at a criminal trial1 pTelnt o appeal Befo Senate i Wafergafe hearings Alleged favor to Hughes takes center stage next Washington AP The campaign gift from billionaire Howard R Hughes and a subsequent reversal of positior by the Justice Department to let Hughes buy a Las Vegas hotel are expected to take center stage as the Senate Watergate committee reopens hearings next week Sources said the donation which was held and later returned to Hughes by President Nixons friend C G Bebe Eebozo came as Hughes was seeking approval to purchase the Dunes hotel and casino The Justice Departments an titrust division had blocked the purchase but sources said then Atty Gen John N Mitchell overruled the decision after a meeting with Hughes Richard G Danner The sources added however that Senate investigators have been unable to prove Mitchell knew about the gift They also pointed out that the hotel purchase plan later fell through for other reasons Deputy Counsel R u f u s Edmisten said Rebozo will be among the witnesses called in next weeks hearings The decision to reopen the committee hearings after two months came Wednesday on a 4 3 party line vote The committee noting that Nixon had never responded to its various requests for a meeting with him also renewed its request for a facetoface meeting All three Republican members of the committee urged shutting j down the problem Sen Howard i H Baker Jr RTenn said hej wanted the investigative files j turned over to the House Judiciary Committee which is considering the possible im peachment of the President The committee also voted to Seek a limited extension of its authority beyond the Feb 28 cutoff date set by the Senate toi pursue its court suits to obtain White House documents Present a report on Feb 28 but to leave open the option of filing a final report later depending on developments File written questions with the President and make these questions public if Nixon does not agree to meet with the committee Last fall Jackson says Arab oil cut off to military Bill would let counties consolidate elections A bill to allow the states 17 commission counties to eli minate offyear elections of commissioners will be introduc ed Tuesday by several Southern Illinois representatives The legislation could save the counties a total of Rep Clyde Choate DAnna a cosponsor of the bill estimated Chief sponsor is Rep Ralph Dunn RDu Quoin Dunn said that Rep Richard 0 Hart DBenton who had originally prepared a similar bill also has agreed to cpsponsor the legislation Another cosponsor will be Rep James Holloway DSparta Now each county with a com mission form of government elects one of three commission ers every three years That means that a county must hold elections in offyears when there are no other national state or local elections to elect a single official Williamson County commissioner William Sinks has estimated that this costs bis county each time it occurs Some county estimates are lower The bill would ncrease from Market basket more Washington AP The annual cost of a market basket of US farmproduced food rose in December and lifted the indicator to within a shade of the record set last summer Agriculture Depart ment figures showed today With beef prices on the march again in January officials con cede the market basket head to new heights in early 1974 Last month it cost a hypothetical household of 32 persons a yearly rate of to eat up one per cent from the rate in November That was only or 02 per cent below the record of last August The figures provided by USDA officials at the request of newsmen showed the farm value of retail food rose 13 per cent from November to December after declining each month since last August Washington Exxonthenations largest oil company last fall cut off supj plies of certain Arab oil pro ducts to US military forces says Sen Henry M Jackson D Wash Jackson chairman of Senate investigations subcom1 mittee indicated Wednesday j that the cutoff may have come I in response to orders issued by j the Saudi Arabian govern ment He cited a Dec 1 article in Business Week which quoted a confidential wire sent from Ex xon headquarters in New York to the companys senior representatives in Europe The wire described a Nov 4 meeting at which American oil comj panies drilling for oil in Saudi Arabia were ordered to cut off of products derived from Saudi oil to US forces stationed around the world According to Business Week j the Exxon wire also said that Saudi Arabia had warned it would retaliate against any breach in the cutoff The retaliation would consist of ex tension of the oil embargo already ordered against the United States to some foreign operations of the company Exxon sent out the cutoff order on Nov 5 one day after the meeting in Jiddah Saudi Arabia which also involved representatives of Standard Oil of California Mobil and Texaco the magazine said The cutoff forced the United States to supply the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean by a massive air and sea lift at a time when US forces were on alart in response to the Middle East fighting Business Week said There was no indication whether the cutoff is still in ef fect Jackson said he has recaved independent documentation that the Business Week story was substantially correct This was pretty blatant flagrant corporate disloyalty to the United States of America Jackson said They had the stocks but they cut them off duringthe Jackson ordered the seven oil executives testifying before his subcommittee to produce by Monday documents he indicated would prove whether Exxon was acting in response to Saudi Arabian orders and whether any other companies were involv ed None of the seven executives including representatives of Exxon and the other companies doing business in Saudi Arabia had any immediate response to Jacksons charges Jackson said he knew about the cutoff at the time it was happening but did not become aware of the Exxon wire until it appeared in Business Week Jackson leveled his charges at the end of a third day of quizz ing the oil executives on the ex tent of the energy crisis He also said he intends to investigate reports by columnist Jack Anderson that the same four oil companies had requested Saudi Arabian officials to raise their crude oil prices in order to im prove their rate of return Congress appears ready to reduce tax breaks commissioners terms three to four years The new terms could then be staggered so the commis sioners would be elected only in general election evennum bered years Choate said i If the bill passes and is ed by Gov Daniel Walker ferendums could be held in com mission counties during the 1974 general election Dunn said Commission counties in the 58th and 59th districts include Randolph Williamson Perry Union Monroe Johnson Alex lander Pope Massac Hardin land Pulaski Tonight fair with lows in the 30s Friday mostly sunny and mild Highs in the 50s Variable cloudiness Saturday through Monday with chance of rain Saturday Warm Sat urday and Sunday but cooler Monday INDEX Classifier 1820 Comics TV Bridge Crossword 23 Editorials I Family living 47 Rtcords 21 Sports 15 Wtathsr map 15 Washington AP Congress appears ready toj take up promptly President Nixons request to reduce tax breaks available to US oil companies on their overseas production In his energy message Wednesday Nixon cited two such breaks but not a third He asked Congress to eliminate the 22 per cent deple tion allowance on foreign pro duction and to cut the foreign tax credit on such business The credit is the amount of foreign tax they can subtract from their USlevies Some members of Congress say they want to eliminate another tax benefit used by the oil firms This the socalled in tangibles the right to deduct in one all their drilling ex penses on a successful well The tax issues already have arisen in congressional hearings this week Sen Russell B Long DLa Finance Committee chairman said after a hearing before his panel Tuesday that he would be willing to support eliminating the depletionallowance and in tangibles on foreign produc tion Sen Abraham A Ribicoff D Conn a committee member said the foreign credit has helped the giant oil firms reduce their US corporate income taxes almost to zero Other companies must pay the normal 4S per cent rate he pointed out Many House members also have called for reducing these tax benefits The issues are sure to be raised when the House Ways and Means Committee opens its hearings on excess profits legislation Feb 4 Long said failure to deal with these issues over past years have contributed heavily to the nations energy plight Truckers propose shutdown TTTifU frt T Washington AP A coalition of independent truckers today called for a na tionwide shutdown of trucking operations Jan 31 unless the government acts on their demands The coalition formed in an allday closed session Wednes day includes most of the in dependent truckers organiza tions that have been created since the energy crisis started as well as several more established organizations It however did not include on its list of members two Ohio based trucking organizations Coalition sets Jan 37 deadline for government to meet its demands ed his unions members not to board price rollback to May 15 1973 prices should go info effect participate The coalition said the im mediate goals of the truckers within 30 days If the public audit shows include an immediate ceiling on what the truckers suspect that all petroleum product there has been an abuse of the those two groups attended the unity meeting and voted on all various truckers the issues said Teamsters President Frank including diesel gasoline and lubriants It also called for a complete public audit of the oil companies reserves and refinery capacities The coalition said the ceiling icarnsLcrs Fitzsimmons has said he abhors I price should go into effect ra the idea ora shutdown and urgj mediately and an acrossthe public trust by the oil industry then they firmly advocate that the entire oil industry be regulated like a public utility the coalition said The group said if the govern ment does not nwve swiftly with positive action to meet the above demands the in dependent truckers of America agree that there will be a na tionwide shutdown by 12 mid night on Jan 31 Higher freight rates may be on the way following a meeting between officials of the Teamsters Union and the Interstate Commerce Com mission Fitzsimmons said after the meeting that the Nixon ad ministration favors higher freight rates to pass truckers increased fuel costs along to the consumer And George Stafford chairman of the ICC said freight companies are not fil ing for enough of an increase They better start filing so we can take a look at the rates   

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