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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - January 16, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois ERROR Should be Ron Abraham PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysboro Herrin 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N Itth oisan 010175 IW LI 3 JURY LS NEWSPAPERS BOX 789 DECATUH ILL 62525 Volumi 82No a Copy 4 Stetiow Suppltmw Hrrln Dlly Journl MurphiwBoro Indtpwdiitf WEDNESDAY JANUARY 16 W4 CarbondaleHerrlnMurphysbort Shawnee Forest drilling de on mineral rights By Karen Rothe Of The Southern Illinoisan Can oil and gas companies purchase mineral rights and start drilling on proposed wil derness study scenic and bot anical areas within the Shaw nee National Forest in South ern Illinois The answer depends on complicated legal questions ieU S Forest Shawnee National Forest Harrisburg There are currently 226 ap plications to lease Shawnee National Forest land for oil and gas exploration cover fag most of the area of forest Abrahams said The forest is 250000 acres and there are applications for 50000 acres Indicating that companies have filed on top of each other he said The national forest has a significant amount of author ity over the land on which it owns the subsurface rights 50 per cent of the land within Shawnee National Forest boundaries Abrahams said On another 25 pe rcent of the land the federal govern ment owns fte surface land but none or only part of the subsurface rights If the sub surface rights are owned by the persor who sold the gov ernment the surface land the forest service usually has au thority to rule on an operating plan submitted by the com pany who has purchased the rights and wants to drill for minerals On the remaining 25 per cent the federal government has no control This is land on which the subsurface rights are outstanding the right are owned by someone other than the person who sold the government the surface land Abrahams said there is one case in which the national forest owns 132 of the piece of land in question and the remainder is owned by 25 other people If a company wants to lease land for gas or oil within the national forest the first step is to submit an application to the Bureau of Land Man agement of the Dept of the Interior The application is then pass ed to the Forest Service in the area in question The For est Service conducts a title search to find out if the sub surface land is owned by the government If the mineral rights are owned by the government the Forest Service comments on the application on the basis of environmental considera said Wilderness He said the Forest Service will not consent to issuance of an oil or gas lease on any land on which the federal government owns the subsur face rights within two propos ed wilderness study areas These are the Lusk Creek area 11000 acres and the LaruePine Hills ecological area 2000 However the national forest owns only about 50 per cent of the subsurface rights in the areas he said The Forest Service will not allow surface occupancy in any areas within the water influence in which water and water quality are a major concern That means that companies cannot put rigs on the land but they can drill in on a slant from adjacent landThe Cedar Lake reservoir near Carbondale is one such area he said Botanical Areas The Forest Service will also deny surface occupancy in seven botanical areas such as Jackson a scenic area the Stone Face and Hutchins Creek spe cial management area Abra hams said In still another zone call ed tiie travel influence the Forest Service will decide how exploration and drilling will be handled on a caseby case basis The travel in fluence zone is one often trav eled by people where the ma jor concern is to maintain scenic quality he said On the rest of the land the general forest area a permit could be issued But the Forest Service has author ity to approve or disapprove a companys operating plan any work starts In all these cases the com pany also must get a drilling permit from fee US Geologi cal Survey which involves a second environmental analy sis Abrahams said The situation is more com plex in areas where the gov ernment does not own sub surface rights In that case the company purchases tiie subsurface rights from the owner If the owner is the same person who sold the surface land to the government an operating plan is required Operating requirements de pend on when the land was purchased since they are bas ed on the US Dept of Agri culture regulations in effect when the government bought the land most of the Shaw nee land was bought from The company also must get a drilling permit from the state Dept of Mines and Minerals If the mineral rights were owned by a person other than the one who sold the land to the government the only controls are the details laid out in the original deed and the permit required from tfie state Dept of Mines and Min erals However Abrahams said most responsible companies consult the surface owner of the land before going ahead with their plans The public relations aspects of drilling in important eccr logical areas also can be a control on the oil and gas companies he said What does the US Forest Service get outof ttis Noth ing Abrahams said The federal treasury gets 75 per cent of the money re sulting from the lease and the local county gets 25 per cent The land leases for 50 cents per acre per year and a 125 per cent royalty on gas or oil production Sirica considers grand jury action Washington AP US District Judge John J Sirica said today he intends to decide whether to recommend that the case of the obliterated Watergate tape be presented to e grand jury Sirica made the announce ment in open court shorly after a Secret Service agent contra dicted some of the testimony Rose Mary Woods President Nixons secretary gave in No vember at a hearing called to determine what caused an minute gap in a subpoenaed Watergate tape The agent Louis B Sims head of the technical security division of the Secret Service said he had purchased a Uher 5000 tape recorder with a foot pedal last Oct 1 for use by Miss Woods Sims said he delivered the machine to Stephen Bull at about pm Miss Woods testified that she had used the machine for about 2V hours that day before she accidentally pushed the wrong button when interrupted while listening to a tape She said she told the Presi dent what happened about pm only 45 minutes after Sims said today that he left Bulls office after delivering the machine Sims testimony came the day after technical experts told the coirt tht single accidental act could not have caused the SaP m naed tape The sixmember panel of ex perts chosen jointly by the White House and the special Watergate prosecutors office agreed unanimously that the tape showed that the record button had been pushed not once but at least five and as nine Suspicions aroused anew of White Houses role By John Herberrs c New York Times Once again just as it ap peared that President Nixon was weathering the Watergate crisis another startling dfisclosure has aroused suspicions of further criminal acts in the White House and inflicted new damage on the Presidents credibility The testimony Tuesday of technical experts in US District Court that the iBViminute gap on one of Nixons Watergate tape recordings was caused by erasing and rerecording five and perhaps as many as nine tiraes strongly suggested that someone in the White House News background every new disclosure One of ficial close to the President said this certainly does not help The first reaction from Capitol Hill and from political leaders elsewhere was that this was another very damaging development for Nixon and his presidency This creates the most serious ference here next month The tapes testimony was believed by both friends and foes of the President to be particularly damaging because of previous testimony on the tapes that spread wide distrust of how the White House had handled evidence sought by the courts The erased portion in question was a conversation between Nixon and Haldeman June 20 1972 in which the two discussed the burglary of Democratic Headquarters Testimony before Judge Sirica last fall showed that the tapes possibly as many times Further they said whether the footpedal was used or not the recording controls must have been operating by hand But one of the six testified We have no idea when it oc curred or who was responsi bleV Both Republican and Democratic members of Con gress said the new development had seriously damaged the President The experts found five erase signatures within the 18minute gap and signs that as many as four others may have been erased Bach erase signature required manual depression of the record button and then its release they said When an assistant special prosecutor asked Thomas G Stockham Jr a panel member from the University of Utah whether it was likely the five erase marks could have been caused by accident or inad vertance White House counse objected that Stockham lacked the knowledge to say The prosecutor then askec whether a person listening to a tape on the Uher machine with no intention of erasing it migh accidentally do so in the norma operation of the machine Once again White House counsel objected before Stockham could answer mis creates LUC inusu sttwwa mci someone in the Wftte House problem to date said Sen had been handled by several deliberately destroyed Henry M Jackson DWash people in the White House had aellDeraieij ucoi iicmj urj tvn vnorl in anri nut with the The burden has shifted to the iiuo that the President and his White House White House coverup of the j aides to explain what went mean been checked in and out with the transactions being documented only on brown paper bags Some were entrusted to Rose Mary i jacKson is a frequent foe of Woods the Presidents personal iTaTfirstTecame aware of it the President but the reaction secretary for m took steps to investigate and the resignation of his two prin ciple aides H R Haldeman and John D Ehrlichman from Republicans was little IOQK SLcUo LU AJ1 v cobigM correct the matter and accepted better Sen Howard H Baker of Tennessee vice chairman of the Senate Watergate committee called the developmnt another JL IJlH The White House sought to Jin an unfortunate bizarre set suspend the publics judgment of circumstances on the testimony saying that the technical report is only a summary and there has been no judicial conclusion in the matter Nevertheless the development spread a new layer of gloom through White House offices where morale hasdropped with The disclosure came just as Nixon was preparing to go into a round of intense presidential activity that his assistants hoped would help turn attention away from Watergate delivery of the executive budget for the coming fiscal year and conven ing of a worldwide energy con September and she testified that she accidentally could have erased some portion of the June 20 tape when she answered the telephone and pressed the wrong button The contention of accidental erasure which was widely disbelieved according to public opinion polls was virtually wiped out with the expert testimony The White House was left with the burden of showing that there had not beer deliberate destruction of evidence WARMER u Ji jj Lost his zip It appears that a Cincin nati area mailman momen tarily lost his zip and needed Kissinger Differences narrowed to rest his feet With all of the recent inclement weather and hazardous walking condi tions this mail storage box seemed just me place to stop and catch up on reading Hit latest magazines AP Wirephoto Partly cloudy and a little warmer tonight with low in the 40s Thursday partly cloudy and warmer with highs in the 50s Fair and mild Fri day through Sunday INDEX Classified Comics TV Bridge Crossword Editorials Family Living Records Sports Weather details map 2527 31 4 47 28 911 28 Aswan AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger flying from Israel to Egypt reported today that differences between the two sides on separating their armies have been substantially nar rowed Kissinger after only 3V4 hours of sleep Tuesday night arrived in Aswan from Jerusalem with a revised Israeli map on proposed military disengagement along the Suez Canal Defense Minister Moshe Day an of Israel delivered the map to Kissingers plane shortly be fore Kissingers departure from Jerusalem a United States of ficial said The Egyptians had rejected an earlier Israeli disengagement map Proposed rationing plan allows reselling coupons Washington AP If you need extra gasoline under the administrations pro posed rationing plan the only way to get it short of qualify ing as a hardship case would be to buy somebodys ration coupons and pay his price Wellfinanced brokers coulc buy up available coupons and resell them at jackedup prices i John Hill an assistant director of the Federal Energy Office confirmed in an interview Tuesday The rich could buy coupons a premium prices to run limousines or yachts And the guy who drives for t living and needs additiona gasoline to maintain or increase his income would have to join the bidding for coupons They have so much in common At a fond raising benefit In Chicago Tuesday night for the executive mansion f o or former Illinois governors and the current governor met The five are left to right William Stratton Richard Ogilvie Gov Dan Walker Sam Shapiro and Otto Ker ner Stratton and Ogilvie are Republicans and the other three are Democrats AP Wirephoto I But Hill said the energy office believes there is enough flex ibility in gasoline buying habits to prevent extreme prices for coupons Hill admitted the system would allow some unfairness in the distribution But he argued that a complex system of priorities among users would involve arbitrary decisions that could be equally unfair and would be an administrative nightmare The plan was proposed Tues day by FEO administrator William E Simon as one possi ble blueprint for building i standby gasoline rationing system The system may never be used Simons Federal Energy Of fice estimates gasoline will be about 20 per cent short of de mand early this year Motorists who do not buy in bulk but fuel their vehicles at service stations would all come under coupon rationing if it becomes necessary Under Simons proposal the motorist would pick up his coupons four times a year at a distribution center Each time he would present his authoriza tion card and drivers license and each time a rationing agent would tear a tab off the authorization card until the en tire card was collected at the end of the year and it was time o get a new one The driver would pay three dollars for each threemonth supply of coupons To purchase gasoline at a service station the driver would matching the amount purchas ed The value of the coupons to terms of gasoline however might be changed from month to month depending on nationwide gasoline supply levels Drivers would be divided into two categories commercial and noncommercial Commercial rationing would be applied to owners or leasers of vehicles used for business purposes for at least 70 per cent of the mileage driven The category would include vehicles and equipment used for agricultural production emergency services energy production sanitation services telecommunications services and transportation services the same uses which have been assigned top priority allocation of gasoline among purchasers in bulk quantities Allocations for commercial vehicles would be based on 1972 consumption and determined through use of a complicated formula established by FEO Rationing more likely in summer Washington AP A federal energy officiaJ said today the government would face its greatest pressure to impose gasoline rationing this summer as gasoline usage rises sharply John Sawhill deputy director of the Federal Energy Office said however that the proposed gasoline rationing plan unveiled by his office would be ready to go into effect on a 60day notice
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