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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - January 15, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICE Murphysbero Herrln 710 N Illinois 1113 Walnut 212 N 16th Southern fflinoisan 010175 IW LIBRARY TS NEWSPAPERS BOX 739 62525 Volume 82No 1210c a Copy Two f 28 Pajw Htrrln Diliy Jeurml Murphyrtorn Indtpindtnt TUESDAY JANUARY IS 1974 Experts say tape was rere Washington AP Technical experts reported to day that the 18minute gap in one of the subpoenaed Water gate tapes was caused by the process of erasing and rerecord tag at least five and perhaps as many as nine separate and contiguous segments In a report to US District Judge John J Sirica the ex perts said the gap could not have been produced by any sin gle continuous operation They also said that recovery of any speech that was obliterat ed is not possible by any meth od known to us Sirica scheduled a hearing lat er to hear additional testimony from the experts They did not speculate wheth er the gap was caused by delib erate or accidental actions Their report appeared to elim inate the possibility that Presi dent Nixons secretary R o s e Mary Woods could have inad vertently erased a segment when she accidentally pushed the record button when inter rupted by a telephone call while trying to transcribe the tape of a June 20 1972 conversation between the President and his aide H R Haldeman Miss Woods had testified she thought she might have caused at least part of the gap when she pushed that button and pos sibly inadvertently kept her foot on a foot pedal that operated the machine But the experts said their ex amination showed conclusively that the gap could not have been produced by a single con tinuous operation They said whether the foot pedal was used or not the recording controls must have been operated by hand in the making of each segment Fuel oil rationing begins Washington AP The federal government began applying today a program of gasoline austerity and fuel oil rationing including less home heating for the nation While no ration stamps are involved Federal Energy Office officials have described the petroleum allocation system as noncoupon rationing for all major products except retail gasoline The new regulations which took effect one minute before midnight Monday permit ex ceptions for hardship cases Normally hnwever thermostats in homes and other residential buildings must be set six degrees lower than in the same month of 1972 and in other buildings ten degrees lower Many people have already done this and the regulations will not require a further reduction on their part Service stations will get less gasoline than before Just how much less was uncertain but an FEO official guessed it might be 15 to 20 per cent less than the public otherwise would use in 1974 The administration has asked motorists to limit themselves voluntarily to ten gallons of gasoline per weekbut so far there is no formal limit to their individual gasoline use Airlines will get five per cent less aviation fuel than in 1972 and they have already started reducing flight schedules Electricpower plants are to get as much residual fuel oil as the FEO sys they can have depending how much there is But essential services and military activities will get just about all the petroleum they need holding top priorities in the new nationwide petroleum allocation system In allowing for hardship exceptions to their specific limits the regulations provide plenty of room for deciding what a hardship is apparently it could include an exeeptionaDy cold house or a business thats hurting from too little fuel the regulations say means a situation involv ing or potentially involving substantial discomfort or danger and or economic disloca tion In effect the system rations major petroleum products right down to the final consumer with one major exception gasoline The Nixon administration has ordered creation of a standby gasoline rationing system but has not yet decided1 whether to use it As when they were first pro posed the final regulations which took effect just before midnight were accompanied by a flipflop of FEO interpreta tion Late Monday FEO spokesmen said mistakenly as it developed that service sta tions would be allocated as much gasoline as in 1972 Still later however the agen cy reversed itself and assistant director John Hill said service stations would be whatever was left after higherpriority bulk purchasers were supplied just as proposed earlier Hill said the flipflop in ex planations made little real dif ference since most gasoline goes to service stations anyway and the priority demands off the top would make little im pact More significant was the regulation to tip refinery outputs a little away from gasoline The finaj regulations include no specific figure for a reduction in refinery gasoline yields that number is to be established periodically by the FEO Leases soughf on all 250000 acres Oil drillers eye Shawnee Forest Hairisburg AP Spurred by new prospecting tools and the energy shortage oil companies have aptliecl for or have been granted leases on all rtO000 acres of the Shawnee National forest in Southern Illinois Ron Abraham of the Nation al Forest Service said today for oil and gas weve never had quiteas large a number of applications Applications for permits to drill on the federally own ed land must be submitted to the US Bureau of Land Management in Silver Springs Md Permits are issued only after title searches and are subject to environmental con trol restrictions Abraham said the title searches arc needed to deter mine wbsther mineral rights belong to the government or are reserved by previous owners Until recently he said oil men have not had a tool which permitted search for deposits as deep as those in the 10 county forest Invention of a vibrator device hooked up with sensitive acoustic sensors now permits easier assaying of site potential Applications for about 150 000 acres have been submitt ed by Amoco applications for 25000 more have been submit ted by Humble Oil 3000 acres already have been leased to Texaco and the remaining leases are sought by indepen dent operators No drilling has begun Kissinger optimistic Egypts counterproposals detailed Jerusalem AP Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger todqy outlined Egypts counterproposals for a w i t h drawal of military forces on the Suez front and said Israeli leaders appeared to find constructive aspects in the plan Kissinger emerged from a twohour meeting with Deputy Premier Yigal Alon Foreign Minister Abba Eban and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and said they had a very warm and I think very useful discussion We learned in very great detail what the Egyptian ideas are said Eban He added that the talk had been very useful detailed and substantive The foreign minister went from the meeting to Premier Golda Meirs home to tell her about it Mrs Meir is confined to her home with an attack of shingles The chief point under discussion is what Egypt is willing to do in the way of thin ning its forces and arms on Uw east bank of the Suez Canal in exchange for withdrawal of Israeli troops from the canal Kissinger brought the Egyp tian counterproposals Monday night from Aswan where he conferred once more with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat The American said he believed they had narrowed the differences substantially and he hoped to narrow them further during his talks with the Israelis Egypt apparently had no ob jections to Israels offer to pull its troops back to a line about 20 miles east of the canal But Kissinger returned to Israel with a map showing the posi tions the Egyptians insist on holding on the east bank as well as the buffer zone the Egy ptians are willing to let the United Nations peacekeeping force man between the two armies One highranking American official with Kissinger said he thought the differences between the Israeli proposal and the Egyptian counterproposal were manageableThe principal disagreement apparently was over the number and kinds of antiaircraft missiles and other weapons that Egypt would re tain on the east side of the canal Kissinger said he hoped to return to Washington by the weekend He is expected to travel via Jordan Meanwhile Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmy is to fly to Moscow to discuss the disengagement situation with the Russians Remembering King The widow of Dr Martin as a wreath was placed at Luther King Coretta Scott his Atlanta Ga crypt in ob King stands with her four servance of his 45th birthday children at memorial services Left to right Bernice King be RaciaT discrimination issue Cairo civil rights decision reversed hind Bernice Yolanda King Martin King 111 Coretta King and Dextar Scott King AP Wirephoto Washington AP The Supreme Court today re jected anattempt to use civil rights class action suits as a device to stop alleged racial discrimination in state criminal justice systems Civil rights advocates from Cairo HI had won a major victory in the US Circuit Court at Chicago which had held that federal judges could enjoin alleged racial discrimination in state courts But a 6 to 3 Supreme Court majority reversed the circuit judges Tonight cloudy and foggy with lows in the 30s Wednes day partlycloudy and a little wairmer Highs in the upper 40s or lower 50s Partly clou dy and colder Thursday Fri day and Saturday partly clou dy and mild INDEX Classified 1517 Comics TV Bridge Crossword 19 Editorials 4 Family living 6 Records IMS Sports 1314 Weather details map IB Youth 5 A group of rights advocates had filed suit in federal court following continuing friction over civil rights activities in Cairo Their suit that Associate judges Dorothy Spomer and Michael OShea of the Alexander County Circuit Court gave blacks longer sentences and set bail that took no notice of individual cir cumstances They filed the suit on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated to halt such practices The Supreme Court majority said the group that filed sur had failed to establish a real case or controversy on which to bring suit But even if they had the opinion continued the relief sought would not be available The objection is to unwar ranted anticipatory interference in the state criminal process by means of continuous or piecemeal interruptions of the state proceedings by litigation in the federal courts said Justice Byron R White If any of those who brought the suit are ever prosecuted and face trial or if they are il legally sentenced there are available state and federal pro cedures which could provide relief from the wrongful conduct alleged White said Illinois Atty Gen William J Scott who appealed the Circuit Court decision said that ex tending the possibilities sanc tioned by the court below to their most absurd results a state court judge could literally spend so much time defending his actions in frivolous suits at the federal bar that he could not perform his state judicial duties Justice Harry A Blackmun voted with the majority but said the court went too far in deciding whether an injunction was available to halt the alleged discriminatory practices He said that once the court established that there was no controversy on which tact it should have stopped and not reached the second point In dissent Justice William 0 Douglas said the rights ad vocates did indeed have a case in Cairo which he described as boiling with racial con flicts A class suit where evidence would be developed showing a pattern of discriminatory bail and sentencing decisions would be the one appropriate vehicle in which these claims could be developed Douglas said in a dissent joined by Justices William J Brennan Jr and Thurgood Marshall The court by unanimous vote sent a related appeal involving the states attorney for the county back to the circuit court for determination on whether the case was moot Lower speed urged Springfield AP An Illinois Transportation Department official urged a legislative committee today to lower the states maximum speed limit to 55 miles per hour John D Kramer director of the departments office of plan ning programming and en vironmental science said the reduction was necessary to comply with a federal mandate and avoid loss of some million in federal highway funds While we are acutely aware of the inconveniences that will be encountered as a result of the reduced speed limitswe believe that the proposed limitation will substantially decrease fuel con sumption and increase highway safety Kramer said The DOT official was the first witness to testify before a joint House and Senate committee considering changes in the1 speed limit law The General Assembly has scheduled a oneday session Jan 29 to act on changes recom mended by the committee The federal government has given states until March 3 to establish the 55 mph limit or face loss of highway aid Committee members ques tioned Kramer closely on his recommendation that the truck speed limits not be changed State Sen John Davidson R Springfield said he thought it would improve highway safety to have both cars and trucks travel at 55 mph on twolane highways which would require raising the truck speed limit by 5 mph Kramer said others argued that it would be safer to have trucks travel at the lower speed But he said the department had recommended leaving the truck speed limit at 50 mph to enhance public acceptance of the plan It is our frank opinion that if we lower the speed limit for cars while atthe same time raise the speed limit for trucks the public just wont accept it Kramer said Kramer said the DOTS recommendation would allow both cars and trucks to travel 55 mph on fourlane highways Rentschler sentenced fined Norfolk Va AP William H Rentschler Presi dent Nixons 1968 Illinois cam paign manager has been fined and sentenced to 30 days in jail on a contempt of court charge The charge arose from bankruptcy hearings concerning the collapse of a Norfolk sporting goods chain he operated Rentschler who is under in dictment in Chicago on mail fraud charges immediately an nounced an appeal after being sentenced Monday by US District Court Judge Richard B Kellam He was released on bond Nations say yes to conference Brussels AP Foreign ministers of the nine Common Market countries agreed today to participate in the energy conference that President Nixon has calledfor Feb 11 a spokesman said Farmers tret more over fertilizer shortage than fuel By Wanda Barras Of the Southern Illinoisan Were in more trouble on fertilizer than fuel the state director of agriculture told Southern Illinois farmers Mon day Fuel needs will be fairly well met Director Robert J Williams said Southern Illinois farmers aired fuel problems to W i 1 liams Monday in Marion and learned methods for obtaining needed fuel Williams a resident of White County brought two with him to discuss the fuel and fertilizer shortages Neal Gunkel assistant di rector and head of a new program for farmer prob lems other than fuel shortages told farmers there could be a shortage of 375000 tons of nitrogen 138000 tons of phosphate and 50000 tons of potassium for fertilizer Gunkel said there could be a 20 per cent shortage of nitro gen the fertilizer necessary for growing corn Back to Soybeans Williams said if farmers dont get the nitrogen theyll go back to soybeans Farmers are expected to raise 12 million bushels of corn and 9 to 95 million bush els of soybean in Illinois this summer Gunkel told farmers to get fertilizer ordered early and if problems develop to call 2175252898 Williampromised farmers to try to match the supply with the demand He also promised to use the departments influence in Washington fed eral representatives to elimi nate the shortage Gunkel said the shortage is due to power transportiaion and labor problems of fer tilizer producers Williams said controls werent taker from fertilizer soon enough He criticized controls as causing higher prices Allocator Al Grandys assistant to the state fuel allocation officer told farmers th federal allocation system how to get fuelneeds and reminded them that gasoline went under the federal allocation program to day Grandy said farmers are high priority users and will get fuel needs to produce food stuff said farmers will get enough heating fuel to get them by 110 per cent of base uses in 1972 of gasoline and dieselfuel and 100 per cent of propane gas farmers are not getting the fuel they need they are to make application to the state allocation officer in Springfield for 30 to 60 day relief and then application to the federal fuel allocation of fice in Chicago Application to the federal allocation office must be made by farmers in their behalf Grandys suggested that wholesalers accumulate sev eral farmers on one applica tion to ensure quicker delivery of fuel If a farmer needs more than 110 per cent of his 1972 fuel usage the ASCS off icein his area is to make application for him and show cause why he needs more fuel In the event of an emergen cy the state allocation officer has a hot line to Springfield That number is 2175252444 Williams said fuel had been delivered to some farmers in wholesalers two to three hours in emer gency situations after they called on the hot line Says It Failed One farmer however noted it had failed to get him need ed diesel fuel The farmer said he had call ed thehot line number three times since TlwHay Williams said he would get the fuel problem solved and promised fuel by today Another problem surfacing in the discussion was that some suppliers believe they must allocate on a monthto month basis In the faming industry the consumption of fuel varies widely from yeartoyear on a monthly basis Williams said allocations should be on a sixmonth to yearly basis The meeting at the William son County Farm Bureau was one of six in the state to explain the fuel allocation pro gram and warn farmers of the fertilizer shortage The Marion meeting was fol lowed by a meeting in Ran dolph County at pm at the Sparta Township High School
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