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Southern Illinoisan (Newspaper) - January 6, 1974, Carbondale, Illinois PUBLICATION OFFICB Carbondale 710 N Illinois Murphysboro 1113 Walnut Herrin 212 N 16th ern Illinoisan Volume 82No 430e a Copy 5 Sections Comics Family Weekly Tabloid Hrrh Dlly Journal MurphWbro Indepndnl SUNDAY JANUARY CarbondaleHwrlnMurphysbort HTIB Threatened challenged or bored by today sjroubles By Joanne Wood Of The Southern fflinoisan Some Southern Illinoisans feel threatened at least me feels it may be the begin ning of the end of the world helping out Others are just not wor rying What are we talking about Why the energy crisis of course the thing everyone is talking about But they are not talking about it in the same way by any means There is a difference in viewpoint and much depends on the age and remembrances of the individual a series of interviews shows Younger people surprising ly did not mention the war in Vietnam as a critical period in this countrys history Ap parently this is their first real national emergency For them the feeling is one of trepida tion and of being threatened by forces beyond their power to control Middleaged people remem ber World War II rationing and some recall the Great Depression years We came through all of that they seem to say well come out of this For the older people t n e crisis is a challenge just like others they have faced and lived through Many have re tired their lives and wants are simpler and they are more Walker in new hassle Chicago AP A coalition of citizens groups Accused Gov Daniel Walker on Saturday of breaking his cam paign promises to improve mental health programs and of dismantling mental health services Mrs Fay Ruth cochairman of the Mental Health Coalition said her group would like to see Walker order a freeze on all firings of employes and closing down of state mental health programs until there are public hearings and everyone is in formed about the effects of these planned cutbacks The coalition and the Council for Handicapped Children represent more than 30 organizations They charged Walker with ignoring imput from the general public and dismantling mental health services A study prepared by the Msntal Health Association of Greater Chicago compares Walkers campaign statements with actions of his administra tion and asks the governor to clarify the contradictions and ambiguities between the two Alan Hopkins associate ex ecutive director of the associa tion said These same charges made by Gov Walker during his campaign against Gov Ogilyie and are now being made against him Inside today WANT TO build your own house Book by Christopher man tells how Page 13 DOCTORS dentists for Sou thern Illinois Stories on Sou thern Illinois University Med ical and Dental Schools page 27 HISTORIC Pierre Menard home north of Chester is pro filed page 20 CHARLEY BIRGEPS gang back See story on new movie in The Entertainer SALUKI CAGERS win se venfr in row in overtime page 7 BOBBY JOE MASON will play another year with Trot ters page 7 Ann Landers Bridge Business Byline BG Classified Crossword Family Living Finance Records Sports Television Weather details map 6A 5A 2930 2 2124 BA 28 1315 3134 5 712 112A 5 Frank Robinson accepting Among those interviewed was one 20yearold woman who asked Why werent we warned a few years ago Why wasnt something done before this The warnings have been said and sung and pictured for a long time But that young womans life is really just beginning Compare her feelings with others who are giving the cris is some thought Fred Saupe 79 of Murphys boro is retired from farming now and lives very simply I turned down my thermo stat he said but I dont have to worry much about this I dont have many of Sam ROM the socalled modern conven iences anyway so Im not going to mismuch Corn Cobs Saupe remembers most vi vidly the hard days of the 1930s for farmers when peo ple burned corn cobs with their coal to make the fuel go farther and when hogs sold so cheap it was hardly worth the farmers time to get them to market And fertilizer thats a byproduct you know is going to cost over half again this year compared to last year he said How is the farmer going to afford all of that He and Jane Chamness 42 of Vergennes may not agree about what farmers worry about she believes most of them are worried about getting fuel for planting and harvesting next year but they both feel that too many people have too many cars We have only ourselves to blame for this crisis Mrs Chamness said adding that many people have more cars than they need She remembers when food and gasoline were rationed during World War II But I think that if everyone co operates now things will clear up Her optimism is notshared by Frank Robinson 24 of Royalton If people had used better judgment had hot been so greedy he said we wouldnt be in this mess New cars new appliances new ev erything all of the time weve been too high class The Bible foretold all of this though and I believe that its the beginning of our destruction Robinson who is paralyzed ibut stffl builds motorcycles believes that people should use fuel and electricity with care and should plan ahead Planning Another person who believes that planning will get you somewhere is Virginia Mar maduke of rural Pinckneyville retired after a journalism ca reer in Chicago s She her mother and her aunt live in the country de pendent on a car to buy food and necessities in town This crisis means a little planning ahead in case of an emergency she said For instance we keep plenty of wood nearby for the fireplace in case our electric heat is cut back And for the former Chicago newswoman there are fewer trips into town now We plan for what we want go get it and make it do Maintaining that she and the two older women are almost enjoying helping out in a national emergency by using less electricity and wearing warmer clothing in a cooler home she added that her memories of the depression years of the 30s are of a frightening time Who or what might be blam ed for this crisis Miss Mar maduke had a ready answer Those highpriced senators and congressmen we send to Washington are paid to watch out for such things They have committees for everything ex cept helping their people back home They should have been alert to this Theyre suppos ed to have brains Cyclist Harriss C Malan in his 60s and an assistant to the dean of the college of educa tion at Southern Illinois Uni versity in Carbondale rides his bicycle and walks as much as possible to save using the car American people have liv ed it up for over 20 years said Malan who remembers surviving the rationing of World War II Now were caught short and have found our supplies not adequate for us to use at the rate weve been using them Leslie 0 Jones 80yearold resident of Benton thinks too that Americans are waking up to the energy shortage becoming more aware Ive been a coal miner all my working life and I used to wonder why wfe left so much behind wasted so much But now Jones feels that modern machinery might do a better job of getting all the coal He thinks that oil companies must get a profit to explore new wells to establish pipe lines However he blames those companies for perhaps benefiting too much in to days crisis Sherry Heller 23 of De Soto wonders too if there is really an oil shortage or if c o m panies are holding out for higher prices At her age she does not remember any past crisis in Americas past I worry about what my children have to look forward to what will happen to them And Mamie Russell 20year old Murphysboro resident has no reference point to look back to in her lifetime Threatened I dont feel frightened thats not the right word for the way I feel about all of this she said I guess the word is threatened with the newness of the situation won dering how it will turn out or will it always be like this And in the same town Sam Ross 88 looks at the whole Virginia situation with a philosophical it doesnt matter to me feel ing The depression was a bad situation people didnt have any money to buy available items he said in general this energy crisis does affect people but at my age Im just not worrying The attitude that weve got the money to pay leave be dying And more people are paying attention to all that talk about the rapt of nature environ ment protection and conserva tion of natural resources Next Sunday How does the current energy crisis affect the struggle to protect the environment Kohoutek watchers Kohoutek at a sky watch spon sored by the Hall of Science at Queens NY lite of the New York Fair Saturday Clouds obscured their vision making it diffi cult to sight Hie comet AP Wirephoto Nixon to ask Viet aid Israel ready to state plan Moshe Dayan goes home Washington AP Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan says he thinks he Israeli Cabinet now will be ready to make a formal presen tation in Geneva for the disengagement of Israeli and Egyptian forces near the Suez Canal Im going home and I do hope that the Cabinet will be in the position to form something concrete Dayan reported after a fourhour meeting Saturday with Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger It was their second meeting at the State Depart ment in two days Kissinger called the talks very constructive and very useful and said he remains hopeful about the prospects for an agreement in Geneva between Egypt and Israel The secretary indicated Hiat difference between the US and Israeli positions have narrow ed As far as the US govern ment is concerned he said We consider the talks ex tremely helpful and we are hopeful that progress will be able to be made in Geneva In discussing disengagement Dayan was principally concern ed with the mutual com mitments that could be ex pected from Egypt in return for a sizable Israeli withdrawal from the canal Neither he nor Kissinger disclosed to newsmen the substance of their conversation on this and related points although Kissinger said he understood the Egyptian posi tion on disengagement very well and attempted to present it as fairly as I could Asked when Israel would be ready to make its proposal at Geneva Dayan replied I dont know I dont think it will take a long time By we are already in a position to make up our minds Israelis Egyptians fire at each other along Suez By Leslie H Gelb Kc New York Times Washington The Nixon administration is moving ahead with plans to ask Congress for increased arms aid to South Vietnam during the current fiscal year according to a number of administration of ficials President Nixon Secretary of State Kissinger and Defense Secretary James Schlesinger are known to have approved the general planning but have not yet decided on the total aid package or how it will be presented to Congress Sources throughout the ad ministration say that serious differences have developed among the planners One group led by the American Ambassador t o Saigon Graham A Martin and supported by the staff of the National Security Council wants to provide Saigon with modern sophisticated weapons in a total aid package of about billion A second group consisting of key elements In the Pentagon and State department is hesi tant about giving Saigon new weapons and wants to keep the total arms aid down to about million Officials say that Hanoi has sent about 30000 new troops into 120s Monday mostly cloudy and the South along with additional i colder A chance of snow flur ries Highs inthe 20s Light and variable winds southeaster ly at 12 to 22 miles per hour Some rain or snow is expected this morning with rain and warmertemperatures in the up per 30s likely during the day Tonight rain changing to snow and turning colder Lows in the tanks artillery antiaircraft guns SA6 antiaircraft missiles shoulderfired SA7 and the missile today By The Associated Press Israeli and Egyptian troops exchanged fire Saturday with light weapons machine guns I mortars and antitank weapons in seven clashes along the Suez Canal front the Israeli com 1 mand said The communique followed a United Nations observer force report that an Egyptian can nonade began an intense artillery tank and mortar clash late Friday on the edge of the city of Suez Deputy spokesman Birger said the fighting broke out when Egyptian artillery in Portj Taufiq east of the canal op I posite Suez city opened fire and I big Israeli guns on the west bank replied Hallden said The incident lasted two hours and eight minutes The Israeli command in Tel Aviv reported two of its soldiers were wounded in the fighting There was no report of any Egyptian casualties Israeli forces opened up with machine gun and small arms fire about 1 hours later near Suez city sparking a second dash that lasted more than an hour Hallden said Units of the Egyptian 3rd Army east of the canal are sur 79 say Nixon guilty of serious charge pcll 1 j By Bill Kovach c New York Times Washington A survey of public reaction to discussion of possible impeach ment of President Nixon shows that 79 per cent of those polled in depth believe one or more of the most serious charges against the President are justified The poll was conducted by the roper organization for 51 subscribers including the American Civil Liberties Union While the poll shows a slim majority against impeachment 45 per cent to 44 indications are that opposition stems not from belief in the Presidents in nocence but from fear of the impact of impeachment pro ceedings Only 11 per cent of those op posed to impeachment said they took that position because they believed the charges unjustified The figures lead Roper analysts to conclude that the President would seem to have a thin hold indeed on his office in the court of public opinion The Roper Poll a syndicated subscription public opinion service conducted 10 times a year was made available to the New York Times by the American Civil Liberties Union and will be used by that organization as part of its formal campaign to impeach tbt President The poll was conducted among a scientifically selected sample of 2020 persons who were in terviewed in early November before the disclosure of the 18 gap in a key White House tape subpoenaed as evidence by the Federal District Court here Charles Morgan Jr director of the ACLUS national office in Washington said that the poll was the most complete and in depth study on attitudes toward impeachment and does not have the inherent bias of simply ask ing for a yes or no answer on the impeachment question The poll Morgan laid will distributed to his groups 236000 members as well as to members of Congress An analysis of the poll results indicates that four of five among those polled believe that one or more of 13 charges or criticisms against Nixon are serious and probably involve him More than 50 per cent included in this category believe the charge that the President was involved in covering up the Watergate breakin and that he is withholding evidence from the Senate Watergate Committee and the special Watergate pro secutors office Most of the concern oi those polled in fact seemed to center on the Presidents withholding of information For example while 31 per cent expressed concern about the bombing of Cambodia 36 per cent said that the Presidents keeping the bomb ing of Cambodia a secret was a serious offense The least concern expressed by 19 per cent of those polled was voiced over the attempted theft of files from the office of Daniel Ellsbergs former psychiatrist by members of the White House plumbers a unit set up to stop leaks of informa tion after the disclosure of the Secret Pentagon papers on the course of the Vietnam war rounded by Israeli troops who established a beachhead west of the waterway during the final hours of the October Middle East war The Egyptians have declared that in reality it is the Israeli westbank beachhead that is trapped Envoys from the two nations are negotiating a puUback in Geneva designed to reduce freV quent clashes along the ceasefire lines Have you moved your clock up By The Associated Press Most of the nations clocks move ahead an hour today for 22 straight months of Daylight Saving Time The switch the first time the nation has gone OP yearround daylight time since World War II was proposedby President Nixon and approved by Congress to help ease the energy crisis Clocks were to be moved ahead one hour at 2 am local time Sunday However several states are exempt Congress said Hawaii the Virgin Islands Puerto Rico and most of Indiana are ex empt
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