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Alton Evening Telegraph (Newspaper) - August 14, 1947, Alton, Illinois River Stages W Bureau i m Sero Stage Fall 3ca Level 1 Lock Darn 26 Pool Tnllwoter ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Established January 181 Member of The Associated Sc Per Weather Forecast Scattered NotSoWarm Britain Gives Up Its Reins in India Tonight Two New Slates To Replace Empire Rule Vjceroy Lord Mount batten relinquished the reins of British power today to the Moslem dominion of the birth of which at midnight tonight lie called an event in the viceroy de clared In a farewell address before the Pakistan Constituent two new sovereign slates will take llielr place in the commonwealth not young nations but heirs of an old and proud civilizat1 i ful In dependent states whose leaders are statesmen already known and re spected throughout the not immature or but fit to carry on their great share of responsibility for peace and progress in the The viceroy returns to New Delhi tomorrow to surrender British power to India and become governor general of that new do Strife in Punjab Even as he spoke in Karach blood was being spilled in com munal strife in the where fighting between Moslems on the one hand and Sikhs and Hindus on the other reached new heights o destruction and the capital of the vas northern province which is beini split between Moslem Pakistan anc Hindu counted its casualtie in the hundreds after long hours o rioting and flames swept through much of the The fighting also fanned out into Amritsar snd othei outlying areas of the In the predominately Hindu city thousands of cheering persons linec the route from Government House to the Constituent Assembly Hall waving green and white Pakistan flags as Mountbatllen Mahomed All presiden of the Moslem League and the leading advocate for al ready has been chosen governor general of the new dominion and president of its Constituent Assem The birth of freedom means that for the first time in nearly three centuries Indians will have com plete control over the destinies nac vast resources of their own people It means that the teeming sub continent which has been a rich jewel in the British empire for so long a time now becomes two na a Hindu dominion of stretching from the Hima layas to Calcutta and a Moslem dominion of two parts populated by Parsis and the countless other com munities of divided between the Will Freedom Bring Peace But whether the birth of free dom will bring peace to the tor mented land is another In unofficial sources es timated that 95 percent of the Punjab papitals Hindu and Sikh population had fled the city and that it now was populated principally by Communal registers kept by vol unteers at Mayo hospital in Lahore showed that 99 Sikhs and Hindus were killed In knife attacks last night and that six Moslems were slain by military and police gun Fires raged through five Sikh through the Anarkali ba zaar and elsewhere in the city and official reports said Hindu1 and Sikh shops had been The criminals of some provinces have been promised that death sen tences and jail terms will be re mitted as of the independence The poor will be given There will be parades and speeches and There will be prayers and offerings of thanks giving to gods strange to Chris Russ Rap Greek Affairs Interference 22Buchenwald Camp Workers Given Death Geyser Created When Automobile Hits Fire Plug Area Industry Legislators of District to J A I A A By LARRY HAUCK i LAKE UPl Russia charged today that the FlVC Others Draw Life for crudest interference Into the In ternal affairs of Greece emanates at present from glhe United This was Interpreted Immediately as a reference to the Truman aid Giving the United Nations Se curity Council what he termed an answer to the American speeech made Soviet Deputy For eign minister Andrei Gromyko said foreign interference was wors ening the situation daily inside He also charged that former Axs collaborators were holding promi nent positions In the Athens gov Gromyko told the Council The situation jn Greece worsens every day because this for eign interference into the internal affairs of Greece not only is con tinuing but is also All the world knows who Is really interfering Into the internal af fuirs of Greeceand from what side Grece Is threatened with real dan Atrocities Against Inmates 14 An American war crames to day sentenced 22 Buchenwald con centration camp attendants to hang for atrocities committed against inmates during the Nazi Responding at 1 today to a rail from the home of Leady at 901 police learned that an automobile had rolled Operates Near Wartime Peak i Aid Alton Armory Project umi an ncm i i f T drlverless than a block from Anniversary Ol VJ IJay Finds Persons Employed a parking place at 4 West Ninth to collide with and break off a fire plug at the southeast corner of Ninth and A deluging foun tain of water sprayed 10 feet high from the plug for 45 minutes until the main could be shut The policemen deter was a 1941 sedan of Arm stead Green of 1912 Alton Waller was immediately noti Five others were sentended to i flnd a company crew life among them j ed o off flow pending Whats in a Name 14 UP The Elkhart County Womans Christian Temperance Union chose the candidate Instead of the name reelecllng Wine as Rejecting American charges thai Yugoslavia and Bulgaria supporting Communist Gromyko laid the blame at the door of the present Greek govern ment in which le said prominent positions are being occupied by peo ple compromised in the past by their collaboration with the en Speculation continued In the cor ridors over deputy delegate Herschel Johnsons declaration that his government would not sit idly by and be frustrated by vetoes and that the failure of the Council cannot preclude individual or col lective action by states willing to The apparent American strategy was to force Gromyko into contin ued use of the veto to block action in the Council and then throw the case to the 55nation General As sembly One possible stumbling block to the American plan was the chance that Johnson would not be able to hold his heavy majority in the Council as he kept strengthening the American This afternoon the Council was Scheduled to take up the Indone sian case with Sutan former Indonesian pre pared to make his first speech here on the conflict with the Alton Area Cools Off After Brief Likely Frau Use widow of the former Buchenwald who is expocled to give birth nexl monlh lo a baby conceived while a One defendant was sentenced to 20 years two to 15 years and one to 10 The 31 defendants were convict ed Tuesday after a fourmonths More than prisoners died in the nolorious which was siluated on the outskirts of Wei replacement of the which was completed by 10 Loady said thai the foun tain from Ihe plug foV some unex plainable behaved like a It kept up a constant but went into spurts at intervals during which water went high as the of a she gradually Increas ed in force unlil Ihe workmen gol the main shut Manager King of Alton Water estimated today the flood from Province famed as the residence of Ihe German poet Among those condemmed to die were Herman a former Ions a twice the capacity of a fire the stream was Reported to the police Wednes A full fourman backfleld of legislators has entered the Alton nrmory game to do the ball carry All four of this districts Illinois General Assembly repre senting both met with the Greater Alton Association of Com merce committee and a delegation from the East End Improvement as the second anniversary Association at Mineral Springs camp and Max Scho1 d afternoon was of the nflM fnrmoi former ramp Those sentenced to life imprison ment included Ewin Katzenellen a former American citizen selected from among the inmates to become a and former Prince Josias a highrank ing elite guard officer and the first German or royal blood to be tried for war The where several hundred Germans have been tried for war crimes in the last two was jammed as the court Emil read Ihe Most of the defendants received their sentences with outward A doctor was in attendance for Frau because of her advanc ed The red haired who allegedly shar ed the camp rule with her com mandant was accused of having prisoners killed so she could make lamp purses and book bindings out of their tattooed She tried unsucessfully to es cape trial because of her pre which has never been officially Her husband was executed by the Naxls sev eral years It has been estimated that ap proximately prisoners were held in the Buchenwald camp at one time or anolher during Nazi the The weather bureau forecast this morning called for partly cloudy to cloudy skies this tonight and with occasional thun after the Alton area experienced its coolest weather of the week today following a brie shower about The forecast predicted not so warm temperatures this afternoon and with the highest tem leralure near and the owest Friday morning about 70 with little change in Friday and the highest reading in he afternoon aboul High read ng Wednesday was 98 al p and low this morning was 78 about By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The midwests fading heat wave blew a sultry kiss of farewell to and part of Mich tan atthe same time be llowing a blastfurnace embrace of renting on the The weather bureau at Chicago aid hot weather would continue oday in Indiana and the outheastern of lower Michi but that cooler air was work ng into those areas and should irlffg relief by Boston reported a high Wcdnes ay of 99 and New York City vith no relief forecast for the astern states until Friday The lowest temperature reported rcm the northern hemisphere ycs erday was 27 degrees at Big which is situated at n elevation of 1600 feet above soa Unbelievable Woman Bueheiiwald TJueen to Spend Rest of Her Life Behind Bars 21 Directors of Farben Trust Plead Innocent previous afternoon in which a 3 yearold Rose Marie Bel of 705 Adams incurred an arm injury when struck by a near her the vehicle being driven by Richard 334 Jef The il was taken to the family for Greatest War Came to End 2 Years Ago By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The greatest war in history came t j an end two years ago today with the surrender of The surrender announcement made in a broadcast by Emper or the earnest little man whose powers have been wiped away in these last two but whose people still treat him with General Douglas MacArthur Is in charge And from him today came a message to occupation forces reminding them that the victorious end of battlle became the beginning of an equally vital cam paign to secure the We now enter the last phase in Japan of this test of our he It is you men and military and who have composed the Allied forces of occupation who are bringing this task lo a successful The socialist premier of Tctsu noled Ihe anni He called upon his counlrymen lo slress labor and an international outlook if they would become a thoroughly peace lu Conquered Japan will be opened tomorrow to limited foreign but the peace trealy for which the Japanese yearn is slill in Ihe fu Preliminary talks may start at the insistence ot the United A call for a prompt peace was made in a VJ Day broadcast by President Manuel Roxas of the Philippine He said the peoples of Asia are clamoring for speedy conclusion of a In Allied capitals of the VJ Day passed The peace was still to be By UAL BOYLK NEW must be laughter In heaven and hell over the news from Germany Frau Use Koch is to spend the rest of her life in There nro thousands of spectral victims of Nazi persecution who would rather drop the scuffold be neuth or haul her up gasping Into the They are tho dead people who onco knew her us the queen of I lie Nazi concentra tion camp oulsido Wolmur where some prisoners were put to But perhaps there Is a litter jus tice In the decision by an American war crimes tribunal that this plump 41yearold wi Shi Liked It Certainly no woman in history enjoyed prison life more at one time than lisa wife of the former commandant at Buchon wald who himuelf was put to loath In his own butcher Now she will have a long opportunity to study prison life from tho other dow of Infamy should rest of her days behind the Frau Koch is an unboliovahlo woman to Ihe few people who slill dismiss Ihe Nazi mass executions as war Such people do I first saw where the dead were piled like 14 Twentyone directors of the billiondollar Farben chemical irusl pleaded innocent before an American war crimes court today to charges that they had conspired to plunge Ihe world into war for Without Tel ford the chief charged in a scorching Adolf Hitler would have been powerless to slart Ihe war in 1939 and powerless to wage it so successfully for so Three other defendants were ab senl and it was announced they would be tried Max Bruegge mann and Karl Wurster were in hospitals and Carl Lautenschlaeger was excused al the lasl moment because his son died lasl The defendants entered their pleas after overruled argunjents by defense attorneys thai Ihey would need from three to six months to prepare their The judges ordered the actual trial to start The Farben which Includes some of the biggest and yet leaslknown men of central is charged with waging aggressive with plundering subjugated with exper imenting on concentration camp viciims and with exploiting slave The 21 defendants barked out heir not guilty pleas in the same courtroom where Herman Goering and other Hitler henchmen were The defense attorneys protested hat a trial of such international cope was impossible to defend under the circumstances and they cited what they called inadequate Inability to contact necessary witnesses in other coun and inability to get hold of Farben captured by American Taylor retorted lo the UOminuto defense plea In four say ing that the defense had been given suffllcent time lo prepare Its case j and that he had made available 700 documents for the attorneys I Avert Harvester Strike Tells Russ Put Up or Shut Up on Korea By EDWARD BOMAR 14 W The United States gave Russia one week from today to put up or shut up1 in AmericanSoviet efforts to achieve a united Stripped of its diplomatic lan that is the essence of Sec retary of State Marshalls letter to Soviet Foreign Minister selling an 21 deadline for a report on the long stalemated ne gotiations by a joint c6mmission in If the Russians fail to put up by Continued on IBRO of VJ Day statistics on business and manufacturing in the AltonWood River District show lillle decline from the peak of war time and in many respects surpass Greater quantities of gooods are available for retailers to sell than could be had under ra tioning Production of eleclrlcal and household supplies has senl these items back into the For tunately for the residents and merchants of the industrial payrolls have been suslalned to a degree that could not have been anticipaied either before the war or as its end Last week the Telegraph pub lished figures announced by the Illinois Department of Labor show ing the number of jobs in the Al tonWood District was times what it had ben before the and that the payroll volume was 4 times its prewar This prompted an inquiry from the Al ton District Manufacturers Asso ciation for a comparison of present day employment conditions with those of VJ two years when predictions of the economic aftermath rf the war were num and were as varied in nature as they were in At that time government experts were estimating that within a few months after hostilities ended there would be 8 million They were demanding federal legis lation to offset this calamity by eslablishing a program of public Contrary to this viewpoint a national organization of business and the Committee for Economic had cal culated there would be full employ ment for least a year after the wars Estimates Fulfilled Management of industrial plants in this area participated in the CED survey and in 1945 calculated thai Ihe total employment in the principal plants of the district would be A year earlier their calculation had re sulted in a somewhat smaller pro Their estimates turned out to be unexpectedly ac curate for in this twoyear period manufacturing employment in the district has constantly ranged with in a few hundred of This 14 finds a total of persons employed in manu facturing in the principal industrial ilants of Ihe which 10 years ago employed approxi mately the actual Wednesday Hearing a complete review of the situation and adding a few de tails theyd uncovered they pledged their un stinting support for the To Orville Hodges assur ance that National Guard officials regarded the Henry street river front site as an excellent Stale Senator Milton Mink Muel ler added the news thai Attorney General George Barrett doesnt want Alton lo ihink hes giving il Ihe Lloyd Curley Harris and Leland Kennedy compleled the del egation attending from the As immediately upon being invited to yesterdays had set about learning by longdistance telephone from the National Guard office in Springfield what the sit uation in Springfield when he learned of the had in quired at the attorney generals of From Barrett he learned that one apparently final obstacle lay in the way of aclion to clear title for the riverfront Hodge reassured the committee that funds for building the armory were on the basis of what he had learned from the Na tional Guard But Mueller said Barrett had told him some funds incidental to clearing title on the site and get ting it into the states hands were In the absence of an appropriation by the General As Hot Session By City Council Meeting on one of the hot test nights of the present sum aldermen protracted the Wednesday session until making It one of the longest in Perspiration flowed freely bugs coming through un screened windows added to an noyance of Two took Ihe meeting In Al derman Morrison made use of a small cardboard fan while other members occasionally used council pamphlets to fan or swish away the Al derman Warren was the sole member to sit through the ses sion garbed In a Others were many wearing opennecked sport but from a reporters appeared coolest of the Nation Needs Dwight Aide Declares Increase in Pay Voted Firemeni And Policemen Boost of a Month If Retroactive to August 1 By CHARLEES WHALEN 14 Dwight Green of Illinois today was declared projected into the nationalpicture but Green himself gave no public hint of his 1948 political Paul state GOP told a Republican gath ering at the State Fair that Greens record is applauded throughout the The outstanding manner in which Governor Green has directed the state of Illinois has projected him into the national Rosenquist said in a talk prepared the policy of his office was j for delivery to a Governors Day against undertaking the GOP Await Barrett Letter Fiscal Sanity was pointed out by members of the in this that if Barrett had made this point clear during when he failed to keep an appointment with the committees City Judge such an appropriation might have been introduced before the whicfc was then in pointed out in being number Meanwhile average weekly earn ings as published by the Illinois Department of Labor have risen from the of the late thir ties to which means 000 a year in Jobs in War Yeats In on the eve of the outbreak of war in the number employed was In 1946 it had increased to and in 1941 to By the same month in 1942 it had reached and a year a high level of The absolute peak was During the entire employment In the area reached a high plateau between and and early in 1944 fell off to in remaining steadily around this figure until When VJ the employment figure was a few hundred less than it is It was a time of uncer tainty and a test of which predic tions would While plants in the district were reconverting to peacetime produc tion employment fell off to a low point in October of the low est it had been in four but promptly climbed back to the mark where it lias Avoided Dislocations This contraction in employment from the peak of four years ago to explains Thom as general manager of the Manufacturers has taken place without any great dislocation of population or hard ship on the This is in contrast to the experience of many built up by war plants and as suddenly let Continued on Page Man of Action Veteran Rids His House of Termites With One Match the termites in his house by burn1 ing tho place down on the hottest The fire was sel with the approv UNGeorge Marlel got rid of Chief John When Marlel bought the house a month he thought ho and his wife had wife soKcd the housing He found Instead that ly after George Third last nluht Army swept victoriously through the birthplace of Germanys short lived republic that followed tho 14 UP threatened strike of nearly of e oal international Harvester veiennV flooring were to honeycombed with A crowd of 500 watched thothe window frames nnd Continued on IUKO tho CIO United Automobile Workers reached an agreement Involving he latl Hartley labor ollno on n pile of limber on the lermltea that the building wus he first floor of tho twoslory Ing and put a mutch lo in 40 Martel plans to build u new home minutes the 125yearold home was on what can be salvaged from the reduced to that the difficulty might have es caped Barretts notice in the rush of work attendant upon going over legislative bills then being At the same he said the expenses mentioned probably would be so small that they could be met from private sources He said he would assure as chairman of the committee that the expenses would be thus The meeeting was called yester day as much to obtain from the legislators any background infor mation they might have on the armory question from their Spring field contacts as to plan any future course of Chairman to dcy was expecting a letter from Attorney General Barrelt outlining the It was decided to let fulure aclion hinge on Ihis Plan Conferences the plan was to have the legislators arrange ne cessary conferences either here or at Springfield as soon as Judge Boynton could analyze the It may be it was point ed to get spokesmen from Loth Barretts office and the Na tional Guard and possibly even one from the Illinois Armory a conference lo plan a learnlike approach lo the prob lem at In it would be up to Barretts office to sponsor legal action necessary lo place tille lo the sile in the stales Then it would be up to the Armory Board to finance and build the The under the Armory Board then would be rented to the slate by Ihe revenue from Ihe renl being used to retire bonds which financed the At the Armory Board Act is being tesled in Ihe but the committee and the legisla tors agreed that whatever the suits it was advisable to pro ved with all possible speed to clear title to the armory Governor Greens Insistence that Illinois live within its budget sounds a note of fiscal sanity in cheering contrast to President Trumans determined defense of continued New Deal The kind of leadership we have In Illinois is our nation Rosenqulst of is state revenue dicector by Greens ap He did not elaborate future on his reference to Green as a national Green has been mentioned in national ticket He hasnt announced whether he will go after a third consecutive four year term as Neither has he publicly voiced presidential or vicepresidential he did refer in his prepared speech to national GOP For party members limbering up for the coming campaign at their main statewide gathering of this Green said it was the first of Republicans to plan for the national On that election perhaps more lhan any since 1860 may depend Ihe future of the United he It is nol local and state gov ernment which is uppermost in the minds of Illinois Republicans gathered here For the Re publican party was not to swing local but o guide our national destiny and preserve the sacred freedoms of he Republicans came by special chartered buses and auto nobiles for Ihe campaign curlain ifler and twohour They were chiefly interested in conjecture over the partys primary ineup next Greens plans undoubtedly will have a major effeci on Under a resolution by Alderman City Council Wednesday night voted flat increases In pay 01 a retroactive to ij for all members of the city pollcft and fire Before the resolution was amended on motion of man to affirm that the lion should infringe in no way on the eventual plan of the council t6 make an 8hour day effective in the police Adoption of the pay Increase was by a vote of 12 to J Mayor Wadlow estimated the sal ary boost would aggregate about City Counsellor estimated the amount at slightly more than Base pay in the departments un der the last salaries ordinance wai a probationary merrf bers starting at The crease boosts the base pay figure to a J Before the as was voted Mayor Wadlow inquired of Roberts if he felt there was sufficient money in the respec tive department appropriations tp meet the t Roberts Cites Savings I Roberts replied that the saving thus far of four months pay by in ability to secure six additional po licemen to put an 8hour day into effect in the police department amounted to whereas the pay Increase in that department would run to In the fire depart he an excess in the ap propriation over anticipated ex pense would meet In large part the pay butit may be necessary to find which he felt could be Wadlow then said there was only one question in his mind as to mak ing the increase legally possibler whether the citys overall appro priation for the year would be ex ceeded by the additional The citys grand total of anticipat ed expenditures under the apprpL priation ordinance may not be erf he pointed irrespective of whether the city secured revei nue in excess of the total anticipa City Counsellor Middleton Cross Speaks Hugh Cross advo cated a 1948 stale ticket without avoritism lo one section as againsl adding that there is no ingle individual greater than our Cross is from in outhwest central He has been mentioned as a possible candi Contlnued on Page firmed the mayors The overall total appropriated the he is about and this may not be He warned there might be some emr barrassing yearend curtailments in spending to keep within the overall Warning by Mayor With this we will bp running dangerously close to the ultimate spending said but the matter may work The estimate work out so close ts difficult to make an v definite statement at this for all city funds have to be taken into Wadlow recalled that at the nance he suggested a a month adding I know is but I suggested that figure I thought it would squeeze through wilhoul our lotal appropriation ing since thfe committee I have heara employes in other city departments also feel a raise is before life I want the aldermen all to understand the legal curb on tolal disbursements that we are heading Middleton had pointed unr der Ihe lolal city appropr some anticipations were set dangerously and that all anticipated revenue may not be Wadlow referred back tp this remarking One way or the higher salary necessities mean we must seek added revenue sources for the next fiscal Two No Votes As developed in discussions in committee last the pay increases are for the purpose ot helping police and firemen meet higher living It was brought out at that time that inability 19 get added men thus far has made it impossible to put an 8hour day into effect in tho police department and that the plan will have to be Continued on Page Hits Power Line Robert Allen to PinchHit for Pearson Yestewday Drew Pearson lefl his readers In the air by announcing that he was going on his vacation and that the column Would be written dur ing his absence by the best re porter In Today If you turn to page 4 you will discover who is balling for for many years Pearsons part ner in writing the Washington We think you will agree with Drews description of Bob Allens and that you will enjoy Bobs vacation pinch Rend his column re gularly In Die Released by the Bell Flier Dies as Plane Burns i After Crashing in Calhouij UP man lenlatlvely identified by the Hanks funeral home at Hardin as Fred Watson of Power was off along the voll lino from lo the Central Illinois Public Service 1 Louis 1919 North Grand was killed last night in the crash of his Ofj light plane Into a power lino near Power was cut off for nearly half an hour along the western border of the At Lambert near was reported that Hastings took off last night and had not been lenrd from The pilots body was charred by he fire which nearly destroyed he Calhoun County Sheriff Joseph Schmelder Coroner Ellis Inman said two iraccleis were found in the wreck age of the a small mono Bnifhtown is 40 miles northwest and 30 from f a lold the Associated lie saw the plane in the air and that shortly afterwards the lights went He said the ship burned immediately after hitting the 000volt James chief pilot of Ing school at Lambert he understood Hustings was flying to He said he had not determined whether Hasting reached there but expressed belief he had and crashed on the return trip
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