Sunday, December 7, 1890

Atlanta Constitution

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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia [THIS MPER CONSISTS 24 PAGES. THE A.TLANTA CONSTITUTION. SECOND PART, Pages 7-12. ATLANTA, GA., SUNDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 7. 189O. PRICE FIVE CENTS. I GEORGIA Returns of the Timbered Lands by Counties. llBIBLE HAYOCOFTJPENTfflE FARMS the Timber Sapped and are Stills Enough to Kill the Rest in Seven Years. aeleaf pine belt of Georgia, covering thao hall the counties and bearing -ficss yield well husbanded is worth has received little atten- legislature or the public Out- s iticmcts of the lumbermen and tur- aimera, little thought haa been given -jcrop which, grows without culture, jsg no care and demanding only that it destroyed i oemg destroyed at an appalling ji he 3400 worth of pine now jmtdiBfc forests of Georgia 40 per )QCOOOO has already been killed -argentine fara-ors Most of is 33 POT the whole upsed and doomed within the lost ten in operation stills enough to .up the timber in seven 3 ears, t vnethmg is not done to stop them rash their work with more perfect 'ban thoj did in North Carolina. his for the price of 75 cents to an io? 5? for the destruction rt urw-r -vhich in fifteen years of good nus- iuMr have yielded lum tor u 1 ival stores without dimiautlon of thai aiodnctiveness -r- j eg representatives of the timber ihe legislature I have secured esti- ho proportion of land in each county ad with pine, and from these esti compiled the accompanying table, i near as may be the resources of the its are of immense importance and feet an acre So it will be seen that the cutting of timber, regardless of size, is tho mobt prodigious oxamnle on record of killing the goose to get the golden egg The limitations of lumber sizes put some re- striction upon the waste of sawmills, and as a rale they do not cut anything under ten inches The turpentine men generally take everything m sight. It is said that a law was once passed to prohibit the boxing of trees under ten inches, but if so, it is practically a dead letter, and the destruction, goes on as if there were no restriction The question that rises instantly IB this "Can not the forest industries be so conducted as to realize on their resources without despoiling them Undoubtedly so The experience of other countries gives a plain, unequivocal an- swer, but it takes a long time to convince peo- ple of benefits, however great, which are a few years deferred When you talfc to a sawmill man ho will throw himself back on his dignity and say his land is his he will do what he pleases with it If you mildly suggest that the inilu- ences of a forest are so great and widespread that the owner of the land on which the wood grows cannot gather into his own coffers all their beneficent products and that the agri culture of the neighboring region has a vested right in the good offices of the trees he will then ask if on wish to destroy his investment have invested in my sawmill and timber he will say "and I must cut so much lumber every in order to make interest on my capital If you restnct the cutting you cut down the returns on my investment and in the fcftme proportion you sacrifice my capi tal To this argument there JB a plain answer TUB KETLBN S- BY COUNTIES 1 of information, representitlve the county i 800 1 h i 400 9 10 43 GO! 1 .1 1 >00 000 and W H Strickland. 000 000 R DaviB 1 1 2-2. J Herrinffton T J Brinson. 1 1X1 I Monroe G r fcO K Kemp, Dr E W 1 H J10 F 8 h Chapman K H 1 O olden F "W M 10 1 B "N Holtzclaw, and fcenator from i4 4i5 200l that district 40th off the esti te of 10th census w ''no i F Sarvcr C A J 400 Silas 800 1 B GOO 4 o 230 400 80 T CIiTppoll Gill W D Wells 800i I "Norman 9 H Hojran 800 9 W HOR-MI Gardner B Wells Heft 200 1 G v Milker. -00 34 Crawford 1 st from Baker and Decatur. 000 J SOO 1 I Iterner 800 9 L Matlicws G Oattea hrid TOO 1 I Clay c 200 800 130 T Branch T O 1 askin A Baldwin SOO 115 5 960 28800 150 1 1 H I lemmp "Newton Glover Robert K (T denlield POO 1 s 000 000 A tasoii J Pearson onoi 2S8 SOO 000 1 10 134 WO 101 MontKomerj 11 K R S1L 1 23-1 SOO 494 SW 1 C C Hill 4 ey and 200 100 1 J t G F Payne. "3 -VI 4. C001 H -00 C1 C Harris 147 >m I 5 320 000 9 10i 28 POO 1 _. 288000 )C 227 200 W M Scars 8 J H JJennard T M 8 J W Perry 4 1271 533 Loth encouraging oungrag oecause of tho vast- resourcas now for Ihe first in anything like fullness, i g because of the swift ich is made -visible rnbcr report for 1SSO, for which claimed and only on anprox- estimated the long-leaf pine in cnty-three counties nt .1 lumber at POO If the members of ho go into every militia dis- ntles anything about SDO, seventy of these coun- others, have now standing eet of long-leaf pine, r 1 000t the enormous sum of i Amount equal to the taxable -operty in the state this has been boxed for 11 ust be made into lumber Therefore TVO mav tay of the turpentine farms -Tvav, there will remiin Diro in fie 1 t for destruction hv ie i tt ero will be a w r h ?J24O IXXJ 000 If not cat u will ronow ttaeUr feet 1 be off overy twelve Pit wvald not f immediately snpgeats itself If the degtruction goes on restraint aud all the timber is cut away in twenty years as seems probable, what will become of ttte value of their investments? But suppose the restriction of cutting to trees above twelve inches should reduce the yield of lumber to feet per acre and thereby reduce the product of the mill from to feet per dav, what wonld be the At the end of eh e vears they could begin -4fram where tbev stirted ind cut nnother crop of 2 000 more let E, per acre If a Imriber company owning a tract of 000 acres and a BI vmiU of oO 000 feet daily capacity slioaid cut everything available it would about feet per acre and would finish the iob in twenty four years Then the land having been entirely cleared, would not renew the long-leaf pme, but would bo cov- ered with a stubby second growth of very inferior quality. If this company should cut only the pines, say everything twelve inches, they would fret something o-er 2 000 feet per acre, and would go the ground every r.weHe thov woild have kept bus> and renped I the srrae return -vitbm vcars. 1 A" t'je end of that time thej would have a contu .cdinrorae while liad they cat overy- thuic avallaWe on the first roand, the forest would have disappeared, and their macUnwrj wo would have become wotthlett la tbat locality The practical qn-toou K of the timber tract It is maintained by some that a forest from which only trees above twelve Inches have been tatini, will renew itself every eight years, certainly twelveyears make a reasonable allowance The ordinary estimates of growth do not aPPly in thiscase, for the rate is very much slower than here "When a wood is thinned, the access of sunlight accelerates the growth of to an extent hardly credible to those who have not observed it A, remarkable instance of this was brought to my attention not long ago in Mitchell county Thirty-two years ago a double row of water oats was planted there, and the saplings have grown to be trees, bat the difference in their proportions is what tracted my attention The two rows ara about thirty feet apart and run north and south for about 150 feet The trees at the ends arc much larger than the others, measuring from eighteen to twenty-four inches in diam- eter, while those in the more sheltered places near the middle of the row are from ten to fifteen inches In height the difference is equally great, and the tallest aro thirty feet above the lowest The largest tree is on the southern end of the row where it is exposed to the sun all day The effect of the sunlight on the leaves is to accelerate the flow ot sap- making more wood and further in, cieasmg the green surface through which tho tree drinks in carbon When trees are thinned out in the forest remaining get more sunlight and develop more rapidly In addition to this, there are fewer trees to absorb the supply of carbonic acid gas arising from decayed vegetation Therefore, the or are better fed, both from the air and the soil Right here some one will say, why not clear away all the trees and let the forest take anew start with an abundance of sunlight The answer to that shows how far wrong we go when we undertake to establish facts from abstract reasoning instead of reasoning from facts When the forest is entirely eleired tho benefits of the decaying vegetation and theeon- servnig influences of the forest litter are dis- sipated and destroyed When new ground is cleared people have chills because the arising from decaying instead ot being absorbed by the trees, are breathed by the peoBle What is food for the trees is death to the people, and there fore in a region of new ground the wretched inhabitants shako and shake until life becomes a burden After a few years, however the sun and winds, assisted by the plow and hoc, scatter the malarial influ ences and people cease to shake There were few chills outside the hammocKs before the clearing and ten yeira after the clearing but during its progress and immediately there alter, the rigors were violent This fact is so well recognised that the hfe insurance men take it into their calculations, and not long ago the southern agent of the New York Equitable remarked upon the beneficent effect of the clearing and ditching he saw going 01 This digression is warranted because it estab lishes the presence in tlie forest of gases which disappear within a few jears after the trees are cut a-n ay It is for the lack of these gases th-it the old field pine, though a legitimate off spring of the noble long leaf is and always will be a dwarf, stunted for the lack of its mother's milk and woaned from the mother eaith before it ceases to be nn infant It remains now onlv to say a few words which will make clear the results of the in vestigation shown in the table It includes estimates for seventy nine counties, showing the proportion of land in pine timber, the number of acres indicated by that estimate, the proportion boxed for turpentine and the acreage so indicated, the number of sawmills and the number of turpentine stills The census of 1880 placed seventy-three counties in the pine belt Three of these, Floyd, Tal- bot and Dougherty ire left out in this table because the long leaf pine in their territory is practically exhausted That reduces the number to seventy, and to those I add the counties of Carroll, Chatto- hoochee, Chatham, Chattooga, Columbia and Lincoln, because the representatives of those counties report some long leaf pine remaining Blanks wero sent to representatives of all the counties, and a few besides those mentioned in the table reported some long-leaf pine, but I have not classed them with the others because they are not 111 the pine belt proper and their pine timber appears to consist of small isolated tracts These count es are Baitow, Butts, Campbell, Greene, Menw ether and Douglas The total area of the seventy nine counties is 080 acres, whtcli is about two-thirds of the whole area of Georgia, given by the cen- sus as acres The reports from the timber counties show 143 acres, or about half the land ot those counties now covered with long leaf pine Though some of the county reports may not bo v ery approximations, I think the average estimate is pretty accurate and tho general result cannot be very far from the truth Where two members from one county gave different reports, the rule ob- served was to split tho difference These differences wore small except in three or four instances A closer estimate of the pine tim- ber of Georgia would be hard to get without a survey, or au actual return of the land by the owners It is a rule among lumbermen to estimate the average of standing timber at 4000 feet per acre That may be a hvttlo above the aveiage, but certainly feet would be too low an estimate It is safe to say that on the acres of tim- bered land there aio feet of lumber This, at a thousand, is worth There is no doubt that with good care it may be made to pro- Huco worth of lumber and naval stores per annum without damage or diminu- tion of tbe forests, andjt does not seem ex- travagant to increase the estimate to amount nearly equal to the value of Georgia's cotton crop Tlie reports show the presence of 533 saw- mills in, the puie belt The Georgia Sawmill Association estimates the cut of loo of these mills at feet per day Estimating tne product of the other o73 mills at foot per the total in-i vear of 300 working diys would be feet of lumber The estimate 01 the Sawmill Association, de- rived from independent sources, isthat the cut of 1889 was feet Thus it will be seen that the results of this investigation do not differ widely from estimates obtained by experts from other sources It is interesting to obsoive the rate at which thoee mills are clearing the timber Cutting 4 000 feet from an acre, and practically de mohshing the forest, they clear something over 230 COO acres a year and would demolish pine forests of Georgia in lortj four years If the cut per aero restricted to a point which would insure perpetuation of the forests, say 2 000 feet per acre, the sawmills now in operation would cut over the timber belt every twenty-two years, and start again on timber just as good There are 26G turpentine stalls reported The farms that supoly one still will sap acres of timber in three years At this rate the 2W> stills, now in operation, ould sap and destroy the pine forests of Georgia in twelve years, if not air acre had been As four-tenths of the have been boxed, stills, working steadily, and without restriction, would steal away the life of every loig leaf pine tree in Georgia in seven years The time has come jwhen vigor- ous action must be taken if the forests are to be saved The people of Georgia have in their noble forests of pine a princely endowment which IB being squandered, and if the waste is not soon checked there will be nothing left of these forests but blackened stumps, as momn- ful reminders of desolation-OS the sentinels of Sherman But that is not ah The destrnr-tion of the forest mains the strticnon of nature's regu- lator and oir, it means flood and drouth, and the of ajrriruHure On every treeless plain there is of vater, and rains .vith less regularity "We are told by Professor Slialer that (he vast prairies of ibtc country 'were wall tim- bered, bat were gradually burnt off toy the who to make better jpwtango Joe toes. The pasturage increased and the buffa- loes multipled until the White man came Now they are gone and wo lament both the forests and buff aloes Tbe samelprocess is go- tng on zn the pine forests of Georgia, aud if j the present custom is kept up in the presence oi the turpentine still, I fear the time will ;ome when we will havo neither trees nor cat- tie W G COOPES MRS. WILVERTON'S BALL. New York "World, Mr Alison sat in her easy chair and tapped i aer foot impatiently as she worked Mr All- son paced the floor uneasily and frowned dark- i ly. It was evident there was a storm brewing in the domestic atmosphere Indeed the first faint drop of the coming shower were already j pattering down on the dainty dress, Mrs All- son v, as embroidering for her belov ed baby S "For pity's sake, broke forth her j hegelord, "don't begin crying Why can't i you be sensible and look at the matter in a sensible way? It ought not to be so hard for you to jield to my wishes, when I have good reasons for asking you to do it, besides "I don't know what you call good sobbed Maud Alison "You don't Know the Wilvertons, that you should wish me to give up attending their a magnificent affair as it's goms to be, too "That's the chief of my I pon'tknow anything about the Eor nor against them But the man's face is enough to condemn him, I wouldn't trust him an inch ont ojf my sight "You're as unjust as you can cried Mrs Alison indignantly, "to say such unjust tlimga about a stranger of whom you know nothing I do not believe youare jealous of him because he was so attentive to me at Mrs Fitzgerald's party Mr Alison whistled "Jealous1 I should hope I wasn't quite such a fool But I do think you are altogether too careless in taking up with people ao rashly You haven't known the family a month, and yet Mrs Wilverton is as much at home here as if the house belonged to her I don't like it, and I expressly desire that you will see as little of either her or her Tinsband as is possible un- til something more is know of both of them Esnecially do I wish you to decline their in- vitation to this ball I don't want my wife known as the chosen friend of a pair of adven- turers And, having delivered this decision, Mr Alison walked out ol the room Thereat his pretty wife was justly ind gnant as well as at what he had said Anger had dried the tears upon her cheeks as she mutter- ed, "Adventurers, indeed, as if that wore pos- pible1 I am sure that Mr and Mrs Wilverton are as elegant and refiued as any people of our acquaintance, and everybodysays the ball will be magnificent, and everybody is going, too am I I will not be deprived of every little pleasure I chance to care for, be cause Fred chooses to dictate 111 that lordly manner I shall go to the ball in spite of him, so, there'" And the httle foot came down with empha- sis upon the soft carpet beneath it Thus it was that Mr and Mrs Alison so nearly quarrelled this bright morning in early December The "Wilvertons had issued cards for a grand reception and ball, to which nearly all the elite of the town had responded favor ably Could Mrs Alison decline9 She did not intend to, at all events rather a failing heart that she penned her acceptance of the invitation and commenced her preparation for the great event She had never jet in their pleasant married hfe acted so wilfully in opposition to her husband's wishes But this time she felt "herself in part excusable "If he had asked me not to she said, half penitently, "I might have thought better of it, but I won't be commanded I didn t marry to become my husband's slave, and I'll go to this ball, if only to show him that I can think for myself and shall act as I choose, whether he objects or not Yon see, the little lady was fast working herself up to a very high pitch of virtuous in dignation, and she was scarcely disposed to pay any attention to the faint monitions of conscience, especially when it dared to whis- per! that she was wrong The night of the ball came around at last, as all things do when patiently waitea for At breakfast that day Mrs Alison had an- nounced to her husband her intention of attend ing the ball You are wot in earnest0" he said, 'Indeed, I am, was the defiant reply "My preparations are all completed, and Mrs Leighton has offered me a seat in her carnage, in case you persist in not escorting me your- self 'I certainly shall not her husband on swered firmly "And I cannot believe my little wife will go without he added, "Give me a kiss, puss, and when como home this evening, I trust you will have put all this nonsense ont of your head By, by' But Ins wife would not look at him when he kissed her, and stamped her foot angrily as the door closed behind him and she heard his careless whistle as ho ran down the steps 'I'm not a she said to herself, "and I won't be treated like one He shall find out that I can go without him And he did come to a realizing sense of the fact when he came to dinner that evening JKunning lightly up stairs to their room, the first sight that met his amazed eyes was his pretty wife in full festive robes 'Well, she aaid with a slight affecta- tion of unconsciousness that she was vexing him in the least, 'you see I have decided to go, after all How do you like my dress9 I dressed early on purpose for you. to see it Mr Alison had stopped short as she spoke, with hand uplifted he said in a vexed way, "what does tnis Have yon forgotten so she an swered lightlv "It is the Wilvertons' ball, you know I told you this morning Mrs Leighton had offered to call for ire, and bring mo home again Don't you remember? "I remember something you seem to have was tho cold reply, 'tnatia that I did not and do not want you to go to this ball Those Wilvertons are not fit people for you to associate with, ot that lam certain ilie town is full of rumors against them, and I predict that yon will find oat few decent people there to night "What nonsense yon are she said, genuinely surprised now "Why I know there are plenty of the best people going, I have scarcely met one who has declined the invita- tion That maybe was the qmet reply "but many men who have heard 03 much, and more tlian I have, will change their minds tonight and keep themselves and their families away Those who do go will be sorry for it, I am very "What terrible things have you heard, I should like to she asked, half vinced. "Only rumors, I he answered, but they are bad enough, There was never so much smoke without a httle fire Mrs Alison interrupted him, with blazing eyes ".Rumors, indeed' You need say no more I do not believe one -word of it all, and I shall go That is decided." "But "I don't wish to hear any more. I am go- ing "And she with Mrs. Leighton when she called for with a Bmlfing face and an angry, rebellious heart The Wilvertons greeted her with effusion. But there were very few of her set present, somehow the atmosphere seemed a different one from what she had been accustomed to. There were a number ot strangers present, la- dies and gentlemen, The former did not im- press her favorably, and the latter seemed rather demonstrative in tneir devotions to the fa.rer sei- Mr Wilverton made her nncom- fortaole, moreover, with his persistent atten- tions, and altofetber she was not sorry when Leighton proposed returning home TLey want early, and most of their particular sat followed IB their who had not ROM baton. some days thereafter He considered himself lastly agneved, and was indignant according- ly She felt herself m the wrong, was too proud to own it, and was miserable in conse quence __ Meanwhile the -whispers against the Wilver- tons increased in number and importance It began to be generally conceded that there was something wrong about them, and people who had taken them up on trust were gradually dropping their acquamntance Mrs Alison, however, pridedfherself on being no summer friend, and her intimacy with the Wilvertons seemed in no wise diminished, seemed, I say, for she was growing to dislike them both, as she saw more and more of them Mrs Wil dashing ways seemed course now, and no words could toll how she was grow ing to loathe the man, who grew more bold and. out- spoken in his admiration of her each dav But the end was very near Mr Alison came np to dinner one evening in a half subdued tremor of excitement "Maud, dear, I have news for he said, striving to speak calmly, but failing signally in the attempt Mrs Alison looked up a little surprised at tho which had fallen from his lips but rarely since that unfortunate ball, but, truth to tell, rather elad to hear it again 'What Is 'It's about the Wilvertons, You ho went on, hurriedly, "there'sbeen, asyonknow, a great deal of talk about them perhaps, than you are aware people haven't scrupled to call them adventurers, if not svmdlerB It seems that they are even worse than that" 'What9" cned Mrs Alison, sharply At least the man is He was arrested this morning by a detective from London, who has been on his track for some time His very boldness in coming here and launching out in the style he has, under an as turned name, and with all the appearance of great wealth, had thrown the police off the scent for little while But they have got him now.and tie's safe for a twenty years term at Portland Island at least "What has he asked Mrs Alison "Perhaps vou will recognize his real name "The notorious bank "The same Mrs Alison did not speak for many minutes Then she remembered that she had had tned to friend to Mrs Wilverton fohe could not desert her now that so temble a sorrow had fallen upon her "VFill you ring the bell for she said to her husband very quietly "I want my bonnet and shawl I am going to see Mrs Wilverton She ought not to be left to bear this trouble alone, aud I know of no one who will go to her now Mr Alison started, amazed Even he had never realized half the real nobility that, de spite her faults, was inherent in his wife's na- ture She had risen now, and was standing, very pale and still, by the table He went to her and put his arms around her, and drew her head down to his breast "My noble was all he eaid Sne clung to him sobbing, "Oh, Fred, you do forive me for treating you so badly the other she pleaded, "I'm so sorry now "I need forgiveness too, darling, for having been he answered earnestly, "and we will both forget and forgive Shall it not be She lifted her face and kissed him softly "And poor Mrs Wilverton, Fredl will you not go with me to see her? I do not like her really, though I have tried too, but I cannot leave her to hear this alone Mr Alison held his wife in a close clasp, "I had not told vou all he said "There is no Mrs, Wilverton, or Willis as her name would be, if she had any right to bear the name of the man she haj lived wllh all these months, and who, if reports says true, ruined himself, and committed the robbery, to gratify her extravagant demands 'Fred'" and Mrs Alison's face grew very pale "you don't mean that she----- "Was not his he answered, sternly. It was a severe lesson, not only to Mrs Ali- son, but to the people of Bolton, who had ad- mitted these persons into their society withoot question, simply because of the lavish display of wealth they made, and it is safe to say a thoroughly effectual one Moreov er, there are few differences of opin- ion between Mr and Mrs Alison nowadays. She is more willing to take his opinion of peo- ple as a correct one and he has learned his wife's heart too well not to trust ,ber motives always, if he somtimes doubts her judgment A A Gifted Indiana Liar's Fertile Imagination. MABINGO, Ind Nov The caves of Crawford county have long been the -maHer of the pleasure-seekers who delight in sub- terranean nature, and it Is conceded that the farther these caves have been explored tbe greater are the wonder But the last is the climax Ko discovery will awaken more won- der than already exists today among the peo- ple of Marengo and vicinity, by reason of a discovery accidentally made by some boys who entered the cave at this place lost Sunday with the expectation of spending the day en- joying the scenery. When they returned to the outer world, af- ter three days absence, and reported that they had discovered new and extensive to the already known cave, and that they bad seen a tribe of diminutive human, beings, the young explorers were only derided But their earnestness begat confidence in a few, and af- ter a short rest they returned to the search, for the "cave-dwellers Today, after an absence of four days, the band has returned, and hun- dreds of people are flocking to the spot and making ready to organize for an exploration on a grand scale, to verify the faith which they already have in the second report. There is no doubt existing at this moment as to the truth, and thy excitement and the crowds are keeping pace with each other These "fccave dwellers" appear to be the low- est type of the human family The are on an ai erage less than three feet in height, and forty pounds in weight It seems that they run upon all fours when they become tired of the erect position, though this is doubtless be- cause they were hastening or scrambling over great heaps of stone They -display a total ab- sence and ignorance of the most remote excuse for even the time-honored band or breechclout being called into service This gives the observer full opportunity to note that there is no sign of a caudal appendage The form is not well developed, for, as before remarked, the average weight is perhaps less than forty pounds There is no sign of hiraute- ness about tbe breasts of the males as is found among the more robust portions of mankind, and they are little superior to the females The heads of all, male and female, are well supplied with so densely tangled and muddy that color could not be discerned, but which, proves that they do not practice the art of combing or hair-dressing. There can be no question about the food of thede creatures, for it can be nothing; but fish supplied from the lakes of ponds with which these caves abound If they infested one of the apartments nearer the entrance, it might be supposed tbat the meat of varmints fnrn Sh- ed part of their sustenance, but long before their place of abode is reached all vestice is lost of such vanninttt as haunt cares or seek refuge therein Time may prove that there are other enterances to this subterranean world, and that some of them are nearer to these beings than an; yet discovered. Little more can be added at this moment, but the of the next few days may surprise the reading world Mode of life, etc cannot be explained now. Of course they have some form of language, for when the ex- plorers wore observea a baby-like chatter arose that almost awakened tbe cave with its echoes, which wrung to the voice of a few at first, and then to their united effon Tbe "Very "Worst. From The Boston Conner Uw lie, Snapper, t m impmud itaalf ynur experience" BUTLER'S INVASION. MARCO. FOR, GEORGIA The General Boom in Southern Industrie! The Heavy "Work Oolnsr on at Bridge- >ew Railroad Tow that the excitement in Wall street ha abated, and the apprehensions of business meu !or the near future have been considerably re- lieved, it will be interesting to take our bear- nga and see where the south stanJs Although the lack of sufficient currency to transact the legitimate business of tne country still gn es good ground for discontent, and the reform mov ement begun in that direction is not likely to end short of a large increase of the -per capita circula- tion, the southern industries have shown a gratifying sturamess under linancial pres sure Their solidity is recognized, and none know it better than the people who have in- vested their money in this section "Why thia should be so is not hard to under stand If the calculations of Mr Edward At- kinson and Hon Abram S Hewitt are worth anything-, demand for iron within the hfe of the nest generation will bo so great as to tax to the utmost the furnaces of the world At ihe same time the ironmsstersarettirningtheir investments where they will do the most good. The hegeira of capitalists to the 'south, so long preceded by far-seeing pioneers, has begun in good earnest Ihe men who have their hearts in the work of southern develop- ment have lately succeeded in interesting a class of capitalists whose attention could never be had before Such men, for instance, as the Banners, of York, and Mr Claflin, of the great dry goods firm which bears that name, Es United States Treasurer Hyatt, and Ex- Treasurer Wyman, with many York and Boston capitalists of equal standing and influence The heavy interest of such men in southern in- vestments will be worth a great deal more in enlisting others than the actual addition of their money to our working capital The Tallapoosa people, our near neigh- bors, are as live a set of hustlers as there is in the south They have recently interested with the-n a number of the leading capitalists of Now England, fifteen of whom are millionaires Tillapoosa is backed by not less than and she has started the new era with General Ben Butler as presidentof the company Whatever may be said of General But'er's military and political history, he is a power in finance, and the Tallapoosa peoole believe they got a bo- nanza when they secured his consent to take the presidency of their company. The advisory board contains the names of Governor Taylor, of Tennessee, ex-Governoi Foraker, of Ohio, and Senator Gordon, ol Georgia. The vice president is Logan H Roots, ox-Treasurer James "W Hyatt, ex-member of congress from and the directory includes General Butler, Mr Roots, ex Treasurer A TJ Wjman, of Omaha, Nebraska, E I Garneld, secretary of the Thomson-Houston Electric Light Com- pany, of Boston, and others Mr R L Spencer, general manager cabminea pluck and dash with genuine ability, and the rapid progress of the work Tallapoosa is due to him as much as any other agency Tho engineers are now locating the railroad between. Tallapoosa and Bridgeport, Tenn a point where many of the same gentlemen are also interested By the way, the character of the work at Bridgeport is hardly dreamed of by the gen- eral public The steel car w orka ara nearly completed and will employ hands One building of that ment is 900 feet long and the works, it is said, ill cover ten acres of ground Steel railroad cars are new, and this enter- prise is one of two or three pioneers An iron freight car was tested in a temble manner at a smash-up the other day It stood between wooden cars which were totally wrecked, a.nd came out almost without a dent Steel cars would hardly be hurt by rolling down an em- bankment Colonel A J McBnde, who is the pioneei of Tallapoosa, Kimball and Bridgeport, has touched more land with the magic wand of development than almost any man in the south. His plan is to pull the property owners together, get them organized, interest practical and moneyed men, and then sell oat partly, and [go another place He has never sold out entirely at any of the places he has invested, but he gets out enough money to use in, turning over another town It is chiefly by the- efforts ol Colonel McBride. Mr Spencer, Mr. Carpenter and Colonel Boots that so many heavy weights have anchored in Georgia and Tennessee lately JThough there is a good deal of dash, about their movements, the big results we see are the reward of hard, unremitting labor and an indomitable perseverance thatr reakens before no obstacle. These lour men have been the means ot bringing millions of dollars and several thou- sand people to Georgia, and they are now opening out on an important rail connection with Tennessee By the way, what haa become of Kimball? We have not seen much about it in the of late Nevertheless, it is there, and Mr. Kimball atoll on deck A ferw daya ago Mr Donelson went to New York; with the numerous deeds to tho immense tracts to bo transferred to the gliah company. He wrote the past week that he had been notified that of English money was ready to be paid over for Kimball as noon as they couid pass on the papers Fort Payne is not so much talked of now beJ cause it ik not BO new, and there are mora bustling towns to divide attention, but Tort Payne has not gone anywhere It is there, a solid town with people Colonel McBride's latest undertaking is Emerson, a mineral town within hailing dis- tance of Atlanta, and he we will not gay what be is going to do about Emerson If arfybody wants to know, let him go and find out_______ THt PKCAN TBEE Several Trees Around TSiomnsville witbKipe Auta. TKOSIASVU-LE Ga, December G cial pecan tree flourishes around Tnom- asville In the grounds of the old Lmton, place, on upper Broad street, are several largo pecan trees loaded with ripe nuts. This sec- toon jsweil adapted to the growth and devel- opment of the pecan, and the nuts are far supe- nortothoseshxppedhere Thej are much larger and cont-im more meat The shell is also much th iiner, and re-vt'y marmot is also found for the wean fair pnres "id tifj tl ai bv tor w >i ar M: U r At Bay Croo ai ce c-t d Thom s n t of the trees I'avc been n i 11 u, a nl u some pHces arc e j e t ry Year A Mitchell lias planted )U i r' of o (own, and muothei t 4_ ftam hM planted trees on ao4 HUT M that no better SPAPJLRl