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Atlanta Constitution: Saturday, August 30, 1890 - Page 1

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   Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - August 30, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia                               ATLANTA, GA., SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3O, PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS. COLONEL NORWOOD SMU11S VIEWS. 9 Ke Compares the Alliance Move- ment to the Declaration of Independence. ELLIMCE NOT TREflTED RIGHT. An Analysis of the Subtreasury Plan Is Made and Its Consti- tutionality Discussed. WJLOMEL NOT fl GfflDIDflTE For the Senate But He Would Accept if Elected. VXKAH, Ga., August a representative of THE COSSTITUIIOX and the Savannah Times, I called on Mr. Norwood, on Ins return from Washington Tuesday. I found the cx-bcnator busy at his office. He was preparing to leave for "his home at Walthovirville, m Liberty county, on the afternoon train. Mr. Korwood -n-as q'lite cordial, and appeared to entertain chocif.il recollections of soieral successive months of bniinoss in Washington. Ho grew very grave -when it was suggested th.it ho had pmb.ibly returned to enter the race for the fnitcd States senate Ho was requested to D inb views on tho polit.cal situation. Mr. Norwood checked a caustic reply, and, after a i enoJ of reflection, ho consented to answer Politics is full of just snch heroes. Some of them are in this community. They are going round snorting and swearing how they laid mo out in this campaign. There are fifty of these sparrows who killed CockEobin with their bows and arrows. "In further reply to yonr remark, lot me say that whenever I have been a candidate I pro- claimed it. I have never gone on a still hunt I have never 'dark I have always debated publicly and invited criticism and discussion. My views on public questions ha-ve never been in doubt. I never uttered a sentence or wrote a line that any one, after reading, had to ask, 'What does 'Whore does he 'Is ho for us, or against This is the reason, I suppose, why my political contests have been so fierce and hot." Colono! Norwood and tlie Alliance. I requested permission to ask a direct ques- tion. "It I started to say something to keep up tho conversation, whon tho senator interrupted. "Understand he said. "I have no desire to cowcal anything relating to public affairs. So go on." I then :iskod a homo circling lancet of inquiry was driven into the states- man's bicast. "It scorns that the bone of contention in the election of a United States senator will bo between the alliance and those opposed to them, or their measures. Now, where do yon stand in that you wish an answer to that you must give mo space enough to answer in my own way. I hope there is no man, except the rob- ber arouse, opposed to the alliance or their purposes. I consider the movement set on foot by the alliance as tho grandest since the declaration of independence, or the destruc- tion of the Basti.e and tlio overthrow of tho Bourbon dynasty. This movement is a second declaration of independence, and of equal im- portance with tho iirst. The first was a pro- test agai nst paying a tax of a few pence on tea. anj pertinent inquires. Those -n ho know Mr. Korwood will understand that once started, it u.isy to secure a full expression of his ons" on public and economic questions. Mr. Norwood Talks. In answer to tho interviewer's fluent and Tdciant interrogatories Mr. Norwood said: "1 hat e no objection to a talk with you; but if ynu arc under the impression that you are cum with a candidate for the sraato, or nily other polit.cal office, I beg to say that 5 on 1 :n I- been misinformed. Tho telegram sal ing I o come homo to enter tho race for the senate, was news to me. I have been in Wash- ington for nearly three months on btiictly pro- Iiuvonal and priiato no thought to state yet, I was -charged with being in the race in this district, trj .ng to defeat Lester. I wroto about a half letters to friends, in this district, and, in ory one, I said I was not and would not be a and expressed my choice for Lester. I took the trouble to explain in several letters that J.oster did mo a favor in 1871 when I n as a candidate for the United States senate, and I -n ov.ld not consent to oppose him. I said, and I repeat now, that I value my fiiendslup more than, any office. Whatei er my opponents nifv cay, they cannot say that I evor turned on a friend. I told Mr. Lester, onhis return to Washington, the reasons for tho op- -yis.tion to him, and I think he know snow that I had no part in it. "And now comes another report, that I am Tunning for the United States senate. This, a'.so, Ls untrue. I do not seo, however, any s.n in it, if I The senatorship is not pn-v.xto property. I know no one so big ui this democratic country that it would bo impious or imprudent to oppose him. There is PO pre-emption or homestead on any ofticc. All offices aro for the benefit ol the holders of them And when the people act on that rule, select only men who know what to do, and have tho courage to do what the people want done, TVO will have true representative government. Electing men because they lisuo voalth, or because they aro poor, or are good follows, or from any other cause ex- cept" ability, integrity and fitness for tho place, is a travesty and burlesque on repre- sentative government." As Mr. Korwood was inclined to come to an -untimely pause, he was asked: "What do you say of tins report that you aro a candidate for the "I have already said it is news to me, he cnsuered. "I say more explicitly, I am not. I prefer private life. I have tried both houses of congress, and, left to my ovm choice, I -would not re-enter political life. The senate is not what it was fifty, forty, or even twenty ye.irs ago. It is getting to be a banker's office, railroad headquarters, millionaire's consulting chamber. I Ttm told that some men in it can- not write or spell correctly. Money put them theie. So you seo at once, the senate suits but two classes of wealthy, who are independent of the salary, or those who are not able to make, in any business, as ranch as tho salary. I am not of the first class, and I liope I am not of the second. Hence I say that, a3 a matter of personal desire, I prefer life." Direct Answer to a Direct Question. Mr. Korwood was then pinned down to a -definite question: "If elected, would you not Mr. Norwood retorted: "Did yon read rny letter in The Savannah Kens during Lester's campaign last month? Well, yon remember I said: 'I neither seek nor desire office, but.if nominated without my seeking I would serve.' And I gave OS the reason that my people had honored me three times, once in the senate and twice in the house, when the place was one of comparative ease and comfort, and now when those people lave risen with the high resolve to conquer the money power, which has fleeced, plucked, lobbed and ground them for thirty years, if they thought I could aid them and were to say so it would be ungrateful and unmanly in me to'decline. I hold that it is the duty of every citizen to do his best for. the general welfare, and when the people by a majority call on liim, he should serve, unless personal or do- mestic reasons would, make the sacrifice too great for him to bear. "I give you the above from my letter as my answer to your last question, and I cannot see how any one can construe that position into a for office." "But even after your letter appeared in The .Savannah News, some people Insisted yon. a candidate, and they say so now." "My dear continued the statesman af- ieotionately, "who can prevent politicians irom perverting truth, from distorting facts, from setting up candidates in their imagina- tion, just to claim the credit of being the lieroes -who defeated the imaginary opponents Don't yoni remember the bully in 'Georgia Scenes7 who was surprised by Judge Long- street down on his knees, swearing and bellowing, gouging his thumbs into the ground and eternally damning the imaginary fellow he was heating and gouging, s and who answered the judge's question by say- he 'was just seeing how be mighter fit.' Tho second is resistance to tho illegal tax of hundreds of millions a vear. The first was re- sistance against paying an unjust tribute to a king The second is against paying uiijust bounties to a rotten, moneyed aristocracy. Tho first was asjnmst those who ruled by uniiie right. The second against thoso w ho rule by moneyed might. Tho first was against usurpa- tion. So is the second But I can't stop to through tho list of rungs the alliance has risen to redress. "Tliesu wrongs must bo enormous and crnol to lia-v o stung to action tho class of society which has always boon the last to complain o[ grievances, though they are tho class upon which the most ami tlio worst burdens fall. Thia movement is not for the benefit of farm- ers only. Its success will benefit and bless tho entire peopleland their posterity. And I am awaro that the statesmen of tho country liavo not taken the alliance by the hand and cheered them on by wise counsel and liberal support; for if this organized effort to arrest the concentration of all our wealth into a few hands and tho consequent complete centraliza- tion of all power in the same hands shall fail. I see no hope for the impoverished sixty odd millions except in open revolution." Questions were then firod rapidly as the in- torviower warmed up to his The Suutroasury Analyzed. "What do you think of tho methods by which the alliance proposes to get relief from their "'There is the rub.' It seems to be tho thing to do, to jump on tho subtreasury bill. Did any great movement start out with everything perfect? I do not believe thatany bill as important as tins was passed with- out amendment. But tho alliance has been treated as if thoy were notloiow what they their bill as the offspring of stupidity. To iny v. ay of thinking, this was not true statesmanship nor patriotic. "Tho all'ance is composed of the staunchost patriots and bust citizens in this and in all countries, I mean the agricultural class. They did most of the fighting in '70 and 18G1-G5, north and south. On their valor rest the glory of our generals, whose names fill the trump of the rank and file remain unknown. Thoy bear the heaviest of taxation. They produce our wealth. They have had a fearful awakening by tlio pinch of poverty and the sheriff's hammer. They have organized for self-protection and tho welfare of us nil. Ont of hundreds of thousands of voting men, a se- lect, intelligent body was sent to St. Louis, Mo., and devised a plan for relief. It has been treated as if the production of a lunatic asy- lum. The treatment of that bill, in my judg- ment, is unwise, impolitic, unjust, unstates- man-like and unpatriotic. It has been laughed at and sneered at and why "Pardon me for giving a brief analysis of it. Its object is thrco-fold. 1. To relieve tho farmers from being forced to sell at the time and lor tho price named by the purcliaser. Is not that worthy of an effort by statesmen Is this bill involves paternalism, then it or some- thing is good is necessary to save the farmer .from ruin. It deserves a trial. If it is only evil, discussion will show it. If good in parr and bad in part, discard the bad and put some- thing good in its place." Question of "OJ alt the objectors to this bill, not one has stopped to frame a better. They say it is un- constitutional. So it is to hold negroes in slavery. Why? Because the constitution was amended to prohibit slavery. So it to deny to negroes any political right enjoyed by white citizens. Why? Because the constitution was amended. If the constitution can bo amended three times in three years to protect negroes from slavery, can't it be amended once in 10a years to save whites from slavery "I revere the constitution as much as any ono. The trouble is, wo are not living under tho constitution, and have not lived under it since 1830. The south stood by firm for strict construction. The north let ns have the constitution and they took money. Since the -war the south has still contended for strict construction. The north has sat in admiration of our innocent simplicity, approved our rhetoric, smiled at our reverence for waste paper, encouraged our honorable resolve not to touch a dollar that wo could not find named in the constitution, and said to us: 'That is perfectly boantifnil Farmers should stand by the constitution! Please hand over 847 of every to foster our factories.' "So that if the subtreasury bill be uncon- stitutional, that obstacle is easily removed. That once sacred instrument must be amended in order to more clearly define and restrict the powers of congress. If not, congress will soon obliterate state lines and reserved rights." The AlUanco and Its Dangers. "Do you. think the alliance will hold to- gether or go to pieces, like the "A full answer to your question would be long; for in it Is involved the discussion of ail internal forces and weak- nesses and external assaults. I wish I had time to give my views on this point, for I would almost despair of relief from present tjranny by tho money-power should tho alliance go down in defoat. But I shall not flatter thorn. I have no favors to ask. What I say to them is not inspired by tho present. 1 am not a member of the alliance order, but was an allianceman before the organization was formed. I had thought and felt so much OUB FOKEIGrN TEADE, SAYS IT OVOSI XO BE HIS SYSTEM OF RECIPROCITY. the Secretary of State Speaks at Wnterford, Great Need of the Country Is Expansion of trade. AN EXTRA SESSION. on this subject, on retiring from public life I formulated my views m my book, '-Plutocracy, American White as a feeble picture of hat now exists, and a prediction of what is to bo. Aud my hope of peaceable deliver- ance for the whole country abides with the alliance. "But it is beset witb dangers, more within than without. It must conquer as an army unity of purpose, uuity of acting; no no straggling, no desertion, no absence at roll call. It must put no one in command who is not heart, soul and mind in accord with its ono in the remotest in affiliation orsympathy with the enemy; no ono unwillinfito lead where the majority directs. And the rank and file must stand by their leaders." The aiovement Must Bo National. "The increment must be national. If sec- tional, it is doomed. To be nationalit must bury all past prejudices. Are the men, north and south, able to do that If not, union is Me., August Blame here tonight at a republican mass meeting. In. regard to national questions, he said: I wish to declare the opinion that the United States has reached tho point where one ol its highest duties is to enlarge the area of its foreign trade. Under the beneficent policy of protection, we hava developed a volume of, manufactures which, in many departments, overruns the de- mands of the home market. In the field of agri- culture, ivlth the immense proportion given it by agricultural implements, we can do far more than produce hread- stutfa and provisions for our own people, nor would it bo an ambitious destiny for so great a country as ours to manufacture only what we can consume, or to produce only what we can eat. We are already, in, many fabrics and in many products, far beyond that, and our great demaiid is expansion. I mean an expansion of trade with countries who can find profitable exchange. We are not Becking annexation of territory. Certainly wo do not desire it unless it should come by the volition of the people who might ask the priceless boon of place under the nag of tho union. I feel sure for a long time to come that the people of tho United States will he wisely content with our present area and not launch upon any scheme of annexation. At tho same time, think we ahould be unwisely content if we did not seek to engage In what the younger Pitt so well termed the annexation of trade for nearly thirty years. Now, the United States has had the great ad- vantage of a protective tariff, by far the longest unbroken period that its Industrial policy has been in force since the federal government was organized. Happily the great majority of our people, without strict regard to party lines, believe that the results to the American people from the protective policy has ueen in- calculably hcneficient, aggregating.m a quarter ot a century to the national and individual wealth beyond anything ever dreamed of before in the history of the world. HE STEAKS OF PROTECTION. I do not mention protection because I intend to speakin reference thereto Hefore this audience. That would be a needless, if not an impertinent effort. I merely wish to proclaim "Without protection the United States would have been poor, indeed. After the ravages of the war from ,1801 to 18G5, with protection, every section has flourished and prospered, grown and gained. Even where -revenue duties have been laid with no expectation of developing industries there have, in many great financial and Industrial results. The heavy duty on silk was levied primarily, not for protection, but simply to secure a, large revenue from one of the luxuries of the rich; but as a consequence of this duty the silk industry has increased so rapidly that it constitutes oilB of the leading fabrics of New Jersey, one of the largest mauufaeturiug states of the union. I could readily advance other Illustrations to the same effect. As I have already intimated, I am here to speak of the expansion of our foreign trade; not any novel process; not by any mode that will shock or disturb the industries; not uj any mode that will invite our people to rash ex- flaments, or that will launch us in doubtful and dangerous investments. A SYSTEM: OF itEcrmocTiT. What I mean to speak of briefly is a system of reciprocity, not in conflict with the protective tariff, but supplementary thereto, and presenting To say that because we enter into reciprocal rela- tions with one country on onething we must enter into reciprocal relations witn alt other countries on all things is, to my mind, ns absurd as to Bsy at I buy a horse today, I must necessarily buy a of asses tomorrow. All objections of tfcit kind are, I am sure, unfounded, and will not stand the test of argument or a practical tnai. Oar people da not realize the great fact that if specie payment is endangered in this country, it is likely to be endangered by our present system of trade with the jUtin-Amencan states. The few millions of gold that nave gone out of this country within the last three months have cre- ated uneasiness in certain quarters as to our financial position. It is very extraordinary that the loss of these millions from the banks ra Wall street should be accounted so serious an event when we have lost a much larger amount during the same period from the condition of our country with the countries south of ua, witnour exciting the least observance. When our mer- chants and hankers come to -thoroughly appre- ciate this fact, we shan receive aid and influence in the form of trade from a quarter which, turns far, it has been impossible to enlist. OTHKB SPEAKERS. -A. large attendance listened with the pto- foundeat attention, and his speech mot with great approval. Kepresentative Mason, of Illinois, followed, endorsing, in an enthusiastic speech, the prin- ciples of reciprocal trade. The meeting closed with a speech by Henry Cabot Lodge, advocating before the people the federal election bill.______ THE STRIKE IS OVER. A.T TSE REPUBLIC" IN ORDER TO PASS THE FORCE BILL. Mr. Introduced la Resolution XCecess Instead of What It means. not that result necessary to keep the producers from rapidly approaching bankruptcy "2. To prevent depreciation of values by the arbitrary contraction of the currency by street; and, third, to increase the volume ol the currency. "Would not the first benefit the producers directly and would not the second and third be a blessing to the whole Wall street? "And yet the whole bill, framed by men far above the average in intelligence and pre- sented by hundreds of thousands of suffering men and families, is waved off with, the back of the hand, and the petitioners are informed that they ask for what they know nothing about. "For instance, they are told they would be- come the prey of speculators. That is not cer- tain. It is a bare assumption. But, admit it, in the name of mercy, are not the farmers al- ready'the orey of speculators and mortgagers? "2. They are "told that SO per cent is too large an advance. That does not go the merits of the question. It is mere detail. If too much, that per cent can be reasonably re- duced. "3. That it is unconstitutional to elect they must he ap- pointed by the president. Admit it. Would not the representative recommend to the presi- dent the man recommended by the depositors of produce, and the president appoint that man, just as postmasters are appointed? "4. The bill invokes governmental patern- alism. Well, grant it. What has this gov- ernment been for thirty years but paternal in the most unjust way? Has it not been forcing its sons, who are farmers, to deliver over all their net earnings to their brothers who own factories? Can anypatemal injustice outstrip that? If paternalism is to continue, let all the children share alike. "But, that is perfectly absurd, impossible, saysthestatesraan. Supposeitis, the best-way to expose a bad proposition istoshowthereductio ad absurdum, 'The best way to get ridof a bad law Ss to enforce it said President Grant. The best way to get rid of the patern- alism of tbo tariff, bounties, etc., is ttrinsist on universal paternalism, or 110 paternalism. It impossible, and defeat and disaster certain. Northern men say we of the south cannot con- quer our prejudices. This is to he disproved or affirmed by the action of the southern alli- ance. "The eternal danger lies in the insidious assaults that the money-power will make on it in a hundred ways. One is by inducing the alli- ance to select leaders all over the country who aro weak in will, needy in purso, and can bo controlled and made to 'bark with the hounds while running with the hare.' The alliance will have to beware of 'sympathizers.' The alliance needs supporters, advocates, bold, outspoken sympathizers. But I must stop, I have said enough, but not a tenth oart that I would say." To the last question, "Do you intend to make any Mr. Korwood answered, aa he snapped hU valise and strapped it to the fourth hole. "Speeches! What for? If the people don't know what they want, I cannot instruct them. IE they do I am sure they is unnecessary. The chief ibsue before the people of Georgia is her representation in the United States senate for the next six jears, and that issue requires no discussion, especially as there is, so far as I know, but one candidate for the office." Nothing more definite could bo got out of Mr. Kor-n ood as to his political purposes and ambitions, if he entertains any. The inter- view TV as secured with difficulty. The ex- senator displayed no disposition to be communi- cative, and bespoke wiih unusual delibera- tion, seemingly aware that his utterances con- cerned the gravest problem that confronts the American public, the struggle between mass- ing, organized and unscrupulous a field ol enterprise that will riclily repay tlic efforts and energy of the American people. We shall find it instructive and T aluable to examine into the sources of our imports, and the destina- tion of our exports and to strike a balance be- tween the Take last year, 1889. In that year our wliole ex- ports to all countries in the three continents of Europe, Asia and Afnci and to Australia, Canada and Hawaii amounted, in round numbers, to and our imports from all those countries amounted, in round numbers, to show- ing that from that vast trade we Had a balance of in our favor, equivalent to that amount of cold among our people. But when all accounts were closed, Instead of having In our favor, weliadaualance of against us from our toreign trade. We must, therefore, have lost in our commerce with countries ontbide of those to which I have referred. Where wealth and their partisans, the one hand, and scattered, helpless and growing poverty, among the people, whether fanners, merchants or daily toilers. In one point the interview was a failure. I could not discover whether Mr. Norwood entertained any political aspirations. One thing not brought out in the remarks I have quoted was dimly shadowed forth in the interview. If the farmers do not flock to the democratic standards and overwhelm the repnblican party, it will be because of the unwisdom, not to say idiocy of the democratic leadersmrepudiatrng the support of the most numerous as well as most conservative element of the American public. ___ Matters in Bnenos Ayres. BUENOS August are kept under arms nightly as a measure of pre- caution! There is strong feeling against the union civicas movement against Minister Roca and Lavalle. The public hi general has confidence in the ministers. Escite- ment in the provinces is, subsiding. Business is brisk. The committee of the senate approves the SSPSSmn p.r Finance Minister Lopez to issue in treasury notes redeemable in five years, and a loan of lor the conversion of Paper currency with, the farther omission of 000 in cedulas by the national bank. In the bourse liquidation today severe losses and sev- eral failures were announced, duo to the tall in gold. t_______ Improvements at San Antonio. SAN ASTOSIO, Tex., August expenditure'ot -will be made within the next few months on enlarging the military post here so that it can accommodate several additional companies of troops. There are So be erected two new barrack halls, an- other gnardhonse, a large mess room and ad- ditional officers' quarters. When the im' provements are finished San Antonio will bo the largest post in the United States. A Winning Combination. GDTHBIE, I. T., August legislature wns organized this morning by a combination of democrats and alliance members. In tne lower noose it-was developed that the demo- crats and alliance members had combines, and had fourteen votes out of twenty-five. could we Have iound suoh a large adverse balance? T11E UJTTTED STATES LOST. Let me tell you. We lost in Cuba, from which our imports were and to which our exports were only Forty- one million dollars is a pretty large sum to lose in one island in a single jear. In the republic of Brazil we lost Our Import ftorn Brazil were our exports to Brazil were 000 In Mexico we loot The imports from Mexico were our oxpons to Mexico were To sum it all up, our im- ports from countries south of the United States, botli insular and continental, on this hemisphere, ivere our exports to them were 000 000 The balance agambt us in our trade with those is exceeding our caiiib from all the rest 01 the world by 000000. Bvno figure of speech ran we natter ourselves into the belief that our trade with our American neighbors is in a prosperous condition. How can this state of altaiis be remedied? You have heard a great deal said within the past ten years by our democratic friends about the iniquity the republican party keeping up tho war tariff. As a matter of fact, the war tariff has not been kent ton. but has been amended over and over asraln until the revision of 1883 lelt scarcely a trace of tho actual tariff. That was in force at the close of the war and for alter- wiirdB. During the war we were compelled to tax almost everything in the air, in water, on the earth and under the earth. The necessities oi the government were so great could allow scarcely anything to be im- ported without paying tribute, ..nd I think no patriotic deny that that was awise policy We were not then studying the philosophy ot trade relations, but how to save the life of tho nation. Money was the primal necessity, and we seized it whenever -ne could reach it. [Laughter.] But during the last eighteen years a great change has been made. So entirely has the war tariff been abolished that in the fiscal year ending June JO, considerably that paid duty exceeded in value, and imported arti- cles that paid no duty in value. The The Chicago Switchmen Keturn to Their Wort. CHICAGO, August noon today the collapse of every railroad strike in the city had occurred and work on the stockyards was begun in earnest at 1 o'clock this afternoon. The Chicago and Alton, switchmen have recognized their mistake and have gone back to work this afternoon as a result of the con- ference between General Manager Chappell, Grand MasterJSwecney, Vice Grand Master Downey and a committee of strikers. The men agree to become members of the Switchmen's Union to be hereafter governed by its rules and by the advice of its chief, to refrain from trying to dictate to the company in the matter of hiring or promoting its men, but with tho right to appeal to the officers of tho company for rediess grievances, the latter agreeing to hear such complaints in a spirit of fairness. Switchmen at the stock- yards met this morning and declared the strike off, to go into effect at 1 o'clock today. The Lake Shore strike is virtually settled, forty-seven of the men having signed an agreement to do the work as ordered. This leaves about twenty whoso places are being filled rapidly. These men will not bo taken back, according to Superintendent Alsden. The road is moving its freight without any inconvenience. The Strikes in Australia. MELBOURNE, August constables have beon'enrolled to guard the city against threatened riots. The city is without gas, and the suburbs are dimly lighted. Mail service and over-sea traffic continues. Tho panies are emoloying non-union men. Wharf- men at New Zealand ports have struck, and service between New Zealand and Queens- land, is partly maintained by non-union men. OiBrersof five of tho New Zealand com- panies' steamers refuse to join the strikers. TOUCHED THE WIKE AND DIED. Three Men Killed by Coming in Contact witli a Ujrht Wire. WHEELING, W. Ta., August 1 o'clock this evening, a colored man, named Joe Solomon, employed in the Wheeling Ter- minal Bail-way Company's tunnel, now in course of construction, stepped on a wire hich supplied the current to tho arc electric lights used in the tunnel headings, and was instantly killed. Ail Italian, who is known only by his contract number, stepped on the same wire just as Solomon fell, and was also instantly killed. Two other men wore shocked in drawing the corpses from the wire. Both men wore thick-soled leather boots, and neither body was bumed or mangled in any way. __________ The Deadly Wire. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., August John Eohols, a colored switchman, was in- stantly hilled by an electric shock tonight. An arc-light wire had been cut by tbe-lineman during the day and one end wrapped around a post near the ground. The end of the wire w as not covered. Tonight Echols v as leaning against the post and touched the end of the wire -with his finger to see if it M as sharp. The full current was on and tho man sank to the ground a corpse. The current passed through his body. THE KHOXVH.I.E SOUTHERN. 1889, the articles admitted free were const more than one-third of all the imports. exceeded inevitable Knoxville City Council Authorizes the Issue of tue Bonds. KNOXVILLE. Tcnn., August city council tjmight unanimously passed an or- dinance to issue city bonds for in favor of the Knoxville Southern railroad, recently completed, and to take the company's stock at par value for the same. Accident on the Baltimore and Ohio. BALTIMORE, August special dispatch to The Sun from" Oakland, Md., says that at Snowy Creek curve, seven miles west of Oak- land, on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, this afternoon, an east-bound freight train of twenty-fonr cars, filled with cattle, was being rushed through at a high rate of speed, with two powerful engines, one in front, the other in the rear. The front engine jumped tho track and seventeen cars were wrecked, and the cattle were scattered in every direction. The drovers and train hands escaped injury, except the fireman of the front engine. Ho Tdlled instantly. Tho Chicago express, west-bound -which arrived at Oakland about b o'clock, was delayed by the wreck. The were provided for at the company s- Oakland hotel. _ WASHINGTON, August tor Edmonds's resolution introduced in tho senate today providing for a recess from Sep- tember 19th to November 10th, created qmto a stir at the capitol. Senator Edmunds disclaims forhisside of the senate any responsibility for the resolution, and says it was introduced on his own motion, but there are evidences that it is at least in sympathy with what the president desires. Mr. Harrison is very much wedded to the force bill, and very much alarmed at the bad position in which the party has been placed by the action of the senate in letting it go over. When tho republican senatorial caucus, was held, which decided on that action, it was proposed that the president call an extra session immediately after the election for the purpose of passing the force bill, bntthe propo- sition was abandoned. Besides being a rebuke to congress for not; doing its duty, it would be hard for the presi- dent to justify a special session. They are only called in great emergencies, when the country is in danger, andlthe people would not probably endorse an extraordinary session called three weeks in advance of the regular Session in order to crowd through a high- handed political measure, which the mass of tho people do not want, and upon which the wisdom and expediency of which the repub- licans of the senate were so divided that they made no attempt to pass it. Tho Edmunds resolution to take a recess, therefore, would accomplish the purpose, and! not subject Mr. Harrison to merited criticism. But tiie proposition is not well received, ex- cept by tho rabid pro-force-bill senators and representatives. Outbide of all questions of politics, the republicans of the house are anxious to get away for a rest. the recess resolution should pass, it would clap tho re- publicans back into harness after six weeks at hard work on the stump, and keep them thcrei until March 4th next. This ould inevitably result in breaking some of them down, and they do not care to sentence themselves to hard labor when nothing is to be gained thereby. The democratic senators do not believe tha resolution will pass, and moreover they look upon it as a breach of faith, inasmuch as the agreement by which they agreed to close the debate on the tariff predicated the postpone- ment of the force bill until next session. If congress should take a recess until after the election, the three weeks before the short session would be included in the first session, and an attempt to take up tho force bill would be clearly a violation of the agreement. Silver Dollar Bland said there was just one recess resolution he would or. If Mr. Ed- munds would amend his resolution to provide for a recess from September 10th to March 4tTi, ho thought he could promise tho support of the democrats. "The country is tired of this said Mr. Bland, "and the quicker it adjourns and the longer it stays adjourned, the better it will please the people." Debt of Georgia's Counties. The census office has issued a report showing the financial condition of counties in the United States. The total bonded indebtedness of Georgia counties is placed at SSOT.OOO, an increase ot since 18SO. While in 18SO, Georgia's counties stood least in debt of any of tho southern states, they now stand deeper in debt than botli Louisiana and Florida. The: heaviest is Texas with of bonded indebtedness. The floating debt of Georgia's counties r3 now SGO.OUO, an increase of over 18SC. The3 gross of tho [counties of Georgia is They have a sinking fund of cash in treasury and other available resources, total available resources, net debt, 27G; annual interest charge, Compared with other southern states, the indebtedness of the counties of Georgia is light. All the Georgia counties are entirely free from debt with tho excption of twenty-six. They are Floyd, Bartow, Pickeus, Clarke, Oglethorpe, Oconco, Newton, Douglas, Fay- tenueniiy is, I think, toward an increase of the free list. Our great mistake was made wh.-n we began to repeal war duties on so- large an amount of im- ports. Any duty repealed was a favor and an ad- vantage to the exporting country, and we have asked nothing in return..' Instead of this course which I must say was one of carelessness and wastefulness toy both political parties-every re- peal of duty should nave been preceded by the most thorough investigation, and whenever it was found practicable to export anything from the United States and thus establish reciprocity of trade it should have been done. I do not. course, intend to declare or to imply that wo could have secured the tree admission of 000 000 of American products into countries whose products we purchase annually to that amount. WOULD HAVE BEEK CLEAB GAIK. A richer country cannot expect, to get complete reciprocity in amount from countries less wealthy, but whatever we should have received would have been clear gain, and in all future repeals of duties whatever we may be able to get will be clear gain. It is not a question of settingdeliberately to work to establish reciprocal exchange, but with all the duties we have thus far repealed, It has been a question of. whether we should get something or cet nothing. Wo have chosen with our eyes closed to get nothing. I hope- now, with our eyes open, that we shall in the future choose to eet something. -Wo encounter opposition to this policy from those who declare that if -we enter into a reciprocity of trade with one country wo must do so with Bll countries, and thus indi- rectly brine about complete free trade. I don t Bee the logic of this, and 1 amSnro the] tact will They Selected the Enelisbman. CITY OF MEXICO, via Galyeston, Augnst appears that before Sir Spencer St. John, British minister to this republic, _waa appointed arbitrator in the matter of mixed claims before the Guatemalan-Mexican com- mission, there was quite a discussion as to whether he or the United States minister should be asked to act as arbitrator, but Guatemalan efforts prevailed and secured the Englishman. TELEGRAPH BREVITIES. The cholera is increasing at Jeddah, Bjypt. The town of Kropowskl, Russia, has been de- stroyed by fire. Several earthquake shocks were felt in the Danube valley yesterday. The president's family left Cape May yesterday morning for Cresson Springs, in the Alleghany mountains. Pe; canals not prove what is predicted. TTe may enter into reciprocity -with ono nation because we find an advantage to. It; we may decline to enter into re- ciprocity with anottior nation because we ace no _ _ vailed there Thutsday. The total amount ot per cent bonds pur- chSedyeTteraiy was Offers of silver yesterday ounces; amount purchased, ounces. A majority of the offers were at high prices. Mrs. John M. Hall, an elderly lady residing on Eighth street. Richmond, narrowly escaped death S night by being caught under falling plaster- She was severely bruised abont the head and bofy, Sot S better tonieht and will recover. The Vienna Neue Freie Presse says that Em- peror William and the czar had a disagreement while they were atNarva, in consequence of which the German emperor shortened his visit, and hastily quitted Feterhof arday earlier than us ex- pected to. otto, Greene, Bibb, Baldwin, Dooly, Laurcus, Hancock, Randolph, Dougherty, Mitchell, Decatur, TeKair, Chatham, Glynn, Mclntosh, Screven, Clinch and Lee. Floyd is tho heaviest in debtcxceeding -n bile Lee and Chach are the lowest, each with under ol in- debtedness. The Ousting: "Will Resume. The ousting mill will be started in operation again next week. Heed is very angry at the severe criticism upon his recent conduct in al- lowing disgraceful scenes to go on in the house, and is going to vent his spleen upon the dem- ocrats whose seats have been contested. Tho Breckinridge case, from Arkansas, will be [the first taken up and the republicans have decided to declare the seat vacant. The governor of Arkansas will, however, immediately call a new election, and Mr. Breckinridgo will he sent back by a handsome majority. _ The Langston-Venable case from Virginia conies next on the programme, Sir. Venahle will he turned out and the negro seated. This will be followed by turning out Colonel Elliot, from South Carolina, and seatinsjjthe negro Miller. Then Sir. Bullock, of Florida, will have to go, and others will follow in rapid, succession. Before this session closes taa house will contain three negro members. Senator Colqnltt and Hice. Senator Colquitt won quite a victory by havine the duty on rice restored to the Me- Kinley bill figures, after it had teen reduced almost half by tho senate committee. It is ono of the very lew changes a democrat has been able to have made in the bill, and for it the Georgia senator deserves credit, Georjre Titttnan's Views. Colonel George D. Tillman, of South. Carolina, says the stories being circulated to the effect that he will oppose Senator Hamp- ton are untrue. "lama candidate for tho house" said he, "and I am froing to bo elected. I am further a good alliance man, but I am none of your subtreasury kind, I am a Congressional Conventions. Hon W. H. Cowles was renominated to succeed himself as democratic congressman irom the eighth district of Korth Carolina. After ineffectual balloting, the twelfth. Ohio congressional district republican con- Tentlon adjourned yesterday afternoon ull this morning. Ko change in ballots from the June convention at Ironton. _ Struck By a Train. CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., August Senters, a fisherman, He had jumped off of one tram, and another. 1Z In an opposite direction, struck tarn. On Marion and leaves a lanuly. iNEWSPAFERr SFAPERl   

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