Friday, May 2, 1890

Atlanta Constitution

Location: Atlanta, Georgia

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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - May 2, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia FRIDAY FIVE CENTS. an.1 Takes the Oatn Banquet Given the Democratic teader. tlie supreme tes met at noon today, leveland of the lawyers reserved foe members of the .accompanied by Mr. Garland, of tho last administration. 1; after tlie opening of court, the asked if there were any motions an, to tbe bar. Mr. Garland arose 4 usual formal style, said: "I move issien of Mr. Grover Cleveland, whois if the gentleman Iroui Massachusetts sold his "Rising-Sun Stove' Polish" to a retailer under a contract that tbe retailer should sell at a fixed price aud receive con- tract would be in the restraint of trade. Bat' it was difficult to toll just what contracts were embraced in the provisio'hs of the bill. None could toll just bow broad tho swath was cut. Mr. Culberson was plied with a ques- tions as to how the bill would operate in given cases. Mr.Henderson, of inquired if- tbe bill goes as far as tbe constitutional power congress can go Mr. Culbersou replied that hi his opinion it did. LOOSE BUSINESS rN THK HOUSE. Mr. 'Wilson, of West Virginia, criticised the majority for its method of conducting busi- ness. There was no great legislative cham- ber among any of the foremost nations of the world in which there was so uruch blind voting as in tlie American house of representatives. Tho rules were so administered that no mem- ber could tell what measure was to be brought up for the day's deliberation. The committee on rules came in morning after morning _ with resolutions for the immediate consideration of some great public question. This performance LABOSMS IN LINE.- THE DAY PASSES OFF VERY QUIETLY. No Bloodshed in America and Only One or Two Small Biota Reported froin Meetings. lified under the rules, iliiwtetl tlifi rociuisito Otttn >_. 'tea, was performed by wasjast becViinga travesty jov, -.clerk of the court. Mr.Cleve- system, but into the clerk s office, where ,.aucus system. Here -was "a bill bristliest with pains and penal- ties, making criminal acts which today were not criminal, derangins the course of trade among the states; introducing doubt and distrust into business; yet the house was called upon in put it on the statute books, without deliberate or intelligent discussion. When the gentleman in charge of it (Mr. learned and able a lawyer as there was in the time and again that it could only be interpreted by the courts. He did not believe that tho bill would accomplish its ob- ject. The flrst and most deadly blow at trusts, he said, must come, not from congress, but from the states. The states gave the charters. The courts of New York had. held that when a ot 510. hail his name registered is parchment. It was not gen- that he was in town, and the Solids admission to the bar of the su- -m.court was a surprise. Mr. Cleveland is in what ore known as tho drainage jm Sew Orleans, and asked for ad- in order that ho might bo qualified to iu these suits before the court. It is nprobable that the eases will bo reached __telm of the court, aud they will proba- Hfioover until next November. AS IMPROMPTU KKCKFTION. An impromptu reception was held tn the afsroom. Senators and members trod on .Abater's toss in their eagerness to greet the president, and when they had been satis- a hand-shake and a smile, several crowded in and were made hap- i- Sliortly before 1 o'clock Mr. Cleveland, Vompanied by Mr. Garland and Bepresenta- returned to the supreme court mm anil took seats inside tbe fence which sjpamtes the legal luminaries and the iuquisi- pnblic. A few moments later Rop- ffiHitative KoswDll P. Flower entered od the ox-prcsiJeiit was half way T3td him before the congressman -id the man he was looking for. Mr. Oleve- greeting was very hearty, and he said itlung which made Flower blush, not un- in n. tnanllftr which Was visible to u in the great parade, but by far many thousand made it a holiday; "dressed in CHICAOO, May day, with its demon- strations by organized labor in behalf of the eight-hour work-day, has come and .gone, and the predictions of riot and bloodshed and an almost universal strike by the trades have not been realized- Labor, indeed, was in a great measure suspended, but those, who deserted their tools for the day did not do so for the purpose of taking up sticks and paving stones and indulging iu riotous demonstrations. Thousands of them quit work for tho day to march more ________ their Sunday clothes to view the procession. It was an orderly, good-natured crowd and an orderly parade. The marching line was about four miles long. It occupied two hours in nassiner a eiveii point, aud the number of men nr.n tlie in line was estimated at from Tho carpenters who have .been by the American Federation of in the van of the eight-hour movement, led the demonstration tvith about men, including three assemblies of Knights of Labor. They-were followed by stone-masons and followed delegations from placed Labor Then unions of fixed by tlie American Federation ol Labor as tlm inauguration of the eignt-bour movement. That the international labor congress atrPans, last Julyj such a call to the worfc- ingmen ntthe -vcorld; -that.the carpenters have opened the eight-hour battle. The eaglitionr. demand ia relief from .tne workings of capitaUHm; that nothing but so- cialism will solve the labor question; there- That -nfflvaemand that toe hours of labor be eight, IX should -be decreed, by in.the struggle the ultimate ob- ject of the" abolition of the wage system be not wight of. The principal speaker, Labor.Leader Sergins. Schevitcb, saidthat-the less hours a man spent at work "the more be would have .to -Hunt about himself. TMs meeting was the. begin- ning of the end, but that the end -would not come until they had the earth and the fullness thereof. He concluded by asking all to be true to tue .THK SITUATION urflnKWAOTOBB. MILWAUKEE. May Milwaukee the de- the union carpenters foe the adoption of the eight-honr system was not complied with, and as.the men were willing to accept eight hours' pay lor eigjit-hours' work, the movement has-met with no strong opposition on the part of their employers. Although the Contracting Carpenters asso- ciation decline, as a body, formally to declare in favor of eight hours, many of the individual memhersof the association, including the presi- dent, have announced that they will conform to the wishes of the men. Those who have ED, Inters mot c, oi. office- charter. If anybody supposed that this bill, no matter how It bristled with pains and pen- alties, would prevent combinations m the na- ture of a trust, he did not understand the ma- chinery and method of the operation of trusts. then asked what was the cause of trusts, and discussed the ques- tion from the standpoint of a tariff reformer, in a speech of considerable length. The republicans of the house, he said, were bringing in one hand a bill to strengthen the trusts of the country (the tariff aud in the other a bill that nobody knew the meaning ot and that nwgbt introduce chaos into business, professedly to punish them. lion in the lobby roar. Say, Mr. LUI1UVIOU printers, metal-workers and molders. men cume a dozeu German Turner societies, form- ing the second division. Next inarched the furniture-workers, cabi- net-makers, carriage and wagon-builders, cigar-makers, cloak-makers, boiler-makers, gas-fitters box-makers, rattan-workers and harness-makers. Manv of the trades escorted m their rants gaudily decorated on which were realistic representations of members- of the craft their daily cra .pursu brick-layersbuijdinga miniature house boiler- ore insist on retaining the ten-hour system. Tho Masons' and Bricklayers' nniou have de- cided to assist the-carpenters by stopping work on all biiudiugiwhere thenienrefusoto accede to tho demands. The pay for carpenters is twenty-two' cents an hour, and under the "I hear Mto lor? bat m a manner which was ny spectators. The two New Yorkers sat us, side by sido, and talked in an audible 'eitone, which would have been regarded door-keepers as sufficient cause for tment had the chatterers been unknown :ame. Mr. Garland became tired first, I when he arose, Mr. Cleveland 'owed his example. Mr. Flower 3 assumed the perpendicular. "Ms is Mr. Turner, Mr.. for Flower still harbors an idea that Cleve- is yet chief executive. "Turner, the he added in an explanatory tone. glad to meet you, Mr. said Cleveland, and while he and Turner shook ids vigorously, ho continued: 'Howdoyou'likoit, Mr. Turner? [Refer- presumably, to congressional life.] I lite it very responded the looking graduate of the pick and tongs. That's said Cleyeland, and he 7cd out of the chamber. He was in the of spirits. He is not bping interviewed -ngh. Several correspondents have tried to .him to say something about the Dana :onble. CALLS ON TH2 PRESIDENT. Ex-President Cleveland drove out to Oak- late in the afternoon with ex-Marshal Al TTilson. His face wore a iong expression wfceiihesaw the beautiful grounds cut up into 'IS. Ho was not sorry worth, the amomit he cleared. He called on the presi- and.passed a half hour "discussing the other common place matters. To- ragllt he is receiving a few friends at the AniDgton, but no correspondents are admitted. THE VETO Of THK DALLAS BILL. The president's veto ol the Dallas public hill has caused great" friglit among the mtcra who have public building aspirations thai! district. Nothing so alarms the em- statesman as tho prospect ot a failure ?5taslice of the''pork barrel." Itiswell JSratood that the president does not intend stop at LnSmis, but that be has quite a num- of vetoes in pickle fur bills in tue north d west. It was given out some time ago, fett.tlie president sent to tho capital for a list '.tto public bill, that these bills Treto be examined ut tho white house with view to the application of liberal vetoes. fore was a significant "which" tied to the tal of Harrison's first veto message, which Tactically served notice on tho house and wuntry that anything else must take a back eatuntil the proper pension legislation, coast 'sIcDse and steamship subsidy measures are- <ated. All the members who have public tilings on the tapis are thrown into a state Teat anxiety by the veto. It is probable, the president's discerning' per- 3n aa to tho evil of promiscous public ding legislation will apply particularly to m democratic districts. coscaEssiiAs CANDLKB'S MISFORTUNE. Congressman Candler is suffering with a i eye. At the battle of Jonesboro his wasshot out, and now, after more Tentyyears, it is giving him much pain. 'ra he will have to visit Dr. Calhoun, of -uta. TACKLING THE Speaker, shall we close the door and keep him an out, or shall we let him in and see if we can get him out again? The democrats said: FClose the door.' The republicans said Let him in and then we will try to get him out again.' The republicans invited trusts m and then punished them." list any impoi----------- of a trust in this country. THE NECESSITY OF RULES Ruled out on a point of order. Mr. E. B. Taylor, of Ohio, said that the fact that the gentleman from West Virginia had talked about a matter not before the house demonstrated the necessity of having rules by which some legislation might sometimes be passed. He regretted that tlie gentleman had not detained his tariff speech until next week, for if he had had more time, he would have been more interesting. The gentleman, had said that in this country the tariff caused trusts. Where the tariff operated most largely there were no trusts. There was none iu the iron industry; there was none ill the woolen industry: there was none in the cotton industry. The gentleman spoke of the tariff on tin-plate. ho not know that every pound of that article that came to this country came through a syndicate which put an arbitrary price on the synrti- "Th Following are some of the mottoes shown in the procession: "An Injury to One Is the Concern of All. "United States Eight-Hour .Revolution, "Arbitration Is Our with Mo- Babies Have Bread Yet; Not Starved Yet." "No Houses. "Bight Hours and Arbitration Is a Just JJe- 'e Live by Labor, Not by War." _iie Man Is Not Just that Wants All and "When Arbitration Is Compulsory, Strikes "ChifdLabor Should Not be on the Bencb.or in the Shop, but at School." "Less Work, More Pay." "Twenty-four Divided by Three Equals Three wasanother which was supple- mented bv an explanation: "Eight Hours for Work, Eight Hours far Sleep, and Eight Hours to What We The line of march was crowded with people, who cheered the marchers and their mottos. After parading through some of tho west side streets' they marched across through Lake street, Wabash avenue and Van Bureu street, to the lake front, where they massed to listen to addresses from the different stands. PHILADELPHIA CARPENTERS' STRIKE. PHILADELPHIA, May journeymen carpenters of this city wont on a strike this morning, as they had previously an- ;he American manufacturers could compete W to'regard'1 pending bill, Mr. Taylor said that it went as far as any legislation which could be passed under the constitution, it. must bo supplemented with legislation by the states. What the precise definition of a trust was and whnt state of facts would justify the penalties being imposed, could bo ascertained only bv submission to the courts. fhe'clebatc was' continued by Messrs. Can- non McMilliir, Bland, McKinley, Butter- worth, Heard, Rogers, of Arkansas, Stockdaie and Enloe. Mr Bland offered an amendment making unlawful any contract or agreement to_pro- und the bill pawed in the same manner with a single dissenting vote. I2TTBRXATIOXAT. COPYRIGHT. Mr Adams, of Illinois, next called up the international copyright bill and explained its provisions. He said that since ita report the bill had been critically examined by a number of prominent lawyers and as a consequence it -would be necessary to adopt some purely formal amendments to perfect the intent of the Mil Under its terms the American people would get cheaper literature, of the beat class, at present It would also enlarge the -ilegcsof American authors. nounced they would ilo. Their demand is for a nine-hour working day, with pay at thirty- three cents per hour. A majority of the mas- ter carpenters, at a meeting; Tuesday night, decided to resist the demands of the men for an increase. A few, however, including John Wanamaker, who employs sixty men, and Alien B. Koorke, a prominent builder, who has 175 carpenters on his rolls, notibert their men several days ago that, beginning today, their wages would be increased to SJ.lj per The number of men thus affected is some- thing over five hun.lrad. They are at work, as ufual, today, and it is not believed they will be ordered out. The strike was accom- plished without a demonstration of any sort. There has been no disturbance so far as known, and as the general disposition of the men is nuiet and orderly, it is not believed that auy will occur. Roughly estimated, three thou- sand men are out. THE BOSTON STRIKE. BOSTON, May strike of the carpen- ters of this city for an eight-hour work day, formally inaugurated this morning. About l.GOOmenareout, and of this number 550 are recruits who joined the disaffected within the past day. It is estimated that there are men in the city who have been granted eight Sours by about one hundred firms who are not members ef the Master Builders' association. These men have the approval of the Carpen- ters' union incontinuing at work. A member of the Builders' association said to a reporter this moruinir that the strike is of much smaller dimensions than expected. He will never Builders' asso- things 500 of their fellow-craftsmen, who are now unemployed, will be given work. There are from to carpenters in the. city, and it is claimed that of them belong to the unions, which have inade large accessions to their membership during the last few weeks. There is no likelihood of a strike in any of the other building trades as the eight-hour sys- tem has been in among the masons and brick-layers of Milwaukee for three years, while the plumbers are -just organizing and are not in a position to strike. Pattern-makers and carpenters employed in manufacturing estab- lishments where other employes are obliged to work ten hours a day, afe not included in tbe movement. It is stated that an at- tempt will be made to gain shorter hours for the next year. Officers of the Federated Trades' Council are organizing unions of the hardwood finishers, cabinet-makers and turn- ers. There have been threats of a strike for higher wages by some classed-tannory em- ployes, but .us yet the men have made no de- mands on It seems very cer- tain that the trouble, it any occurs in MlrVvau- kee, will be confined to tho carpenters, and that there will be no general strike, even in that trade. At the mass meeting, last might, which lasted until nearly midnight, resolutions were adopted requesting tho contractors to grant the demands for the eight-hour change, to take place Friday, May 20. Sunday night another meeting will be held, at which reports about the situation are to be submitted. If the men then should not have carried their point, they will go ontj A large number of noii-uuion men joined the union, also resolved not to celebrate today, but to keep on working. Last nrght's parade of ssuon carpenters was participated in -by aliwtit seven hundred men. As they marched through tho streets they attracted much attention. As they moved along the streets they impressed tho spectators with the idea they wore thoroughly in earnest their endeav and determined to carry A possible, but, if necessary, willing to go out on a strike. A GENERAL REPORT. WASHINGTON, May to o'clock tonight only two cases of labor demonstration attended with violence have been reported. These were at Pesth, described elsewhere, and at Prossnitz, a small town in the province of Moravia, Austria' No other has been heard from in Europe and not any in tae United States, although demonstrations, with or with- out strikes, were made in almost every great but that they concealed the fact in order to THiC PORTrfotTESK OPOBTO, May manifesto tfas issued by the -workmen here today, in which they condemn political speculators -for trying to control-tile labor :movement. The manifesto further'says that the men, after holding their demonstration today, will resume their work, and will ask the king to see that legislation is atiopted'oy the cortes for tlie regulation of la-' bar. "The workmen "proposed to hold a meet- ing in front of the lown hall, but were forbid- den by the authorises. AT.T. QUTET IN VIENNA, May p. the belief that tha labor demonstration in this city would be attended by grave disorders.there has, as yet, been no disturbance whatever. There have been no street parades, but meetings are being held in the Carious halls, which attended bya larcer portion of the working- men in the city. No afternoon papers were issued today, as the printers are all taking part in the May day Jetes. Movements in the provinces are spreading. It is calculated throughout Austria and Hungary that one million men have struck, or have threatened to strike. The prater has been occupied ail day by troops, but the crowds that fill the streets have been orderly and there has been no necessity for official interference. Keports fromOstrau, and Troppran say that work has been proceed- ing as usual and no-disturbances have occurred. From Prossnitz comes news of a riot. It ap- pears that a number of workmen had been put in prison there, and when their fellow-workmen gathered on the streets .this morning a plot was hatched for their liberation, The result was that a mob of fully men made a combined attack upon the prison. The authorities, however, in anticipa- tion of such an occurrence had provided a guard for the prison, and the rioters, in spite of their desperate efforts, were repulsed and completely routed. The day passed without disturbances in any quarter. Over sixty workmens' meetings were held, at all of which resolutions were adopted in favor of a working day of eight hours. NO DISTURBANCE IN SPAIN. MADRID, May received here this morning concerning tlie May day demonstration show that tranquility prevails throughout the however. POOS TOM PLAT? F1SKI.S II1S SORE DEFEAT, AND SNAttLS AT THE MAN PARTY. Be Attributes to TItetn tbe Atstliorsliif, off Several About Himself, WUIcIt JWEr. Baiter Promptly Squclc2tes. rik provinces. The strike in Valencia, is spreading. Employes in all trades there are joining in the movement for the establishment of an eight-hour working day- Theaters in Valencia will be closed tonight. Thirty thousand workiiigmeu paraded, in Barcelona today. They presented a petition to the governor asking protection for the working people. Similar demonstrations were held in the manufacturing towns of Catalonia. There are extensive strikes in Sarragossa, but no disorder has occurred. Vorkingmeii pa- raded in Valencia and tried to induce others to leave- work. They attempted to stop tram traffic, but were dispersed by the civil guard. OF SPANISH WORKMEN. Thousands of -workmen assembled today.and after organizing a meeting, appointed dele- gates to present a petition to the Cortes asking -for the passage of an eight-hoar law. The del- egates proceeded to the deputies, where they werecordially received by Senor Martinez, president oi the chamber. .Pickets of police and civic guards are the principal streets. All the great thoroughfares are crowded with workmen and sightseers., The workmen indulge in party -cries, and in some instances there have been slight <listurb- ances, followed by a. few arrests. TRIED TO HOIST THE RED FLAO. "BERLIN, May Nothing of an untoward character has yet occurred in connection with the demonstration by the workmen, except the NASHVILLE, Tenn., May New York special to an afternoon paper hers says: A report that Thomas C. Flatt, president of" tha Tennessee Coal, Iron and Bailroad company, has quarreled witbcx-Governor Alger, of Michigan, having gained currency, Mr..P2att said last niRht: "I can only say that the story is a bundle ofjies. Governor Alger resigned as.a director of tho com- pany on January 8, and there has been no meeting siuee that time when the vacancy would possibly be filled. His letter was m these terms: 'I have heretofore, and without solicitation on my part, been elected a director in tbe above coaj- pauy, ami not having: had opportunity to meet with the board since my election, 1 beg to tendet my resignation aa said director. Plerksi accept my {rratefnl thanks for your considera- tion.' He was a small stockholder when It3 was elected, a month or so before, aud he still all the stock he ever owned. He, ia able ami satisfied to keep it, and he has great faith iu ttta value of the Mr. Pratt added: "There was a meeting of the board, but it hacj nothing to do with the resignation of the company, is that the leasing of convicts by tha company has never had the effect of reducing employment of free labor .hut quite the contrary." THB ANSWER MAUE. Messrs. Baxter and Shook were shown tha statement of Mr. Platt, and asked what tlio> had to say about it. "Mr. Platt ia said Mr. Shoold have had nothing to do with the publica- tions any way reflecting upon in tha present management of the Tennessee Coal and Iron company. We are large holders ol the securities of that company, and certainly want to do nothing to the injury and detri- ment of the property." "Mr. Platt is mistaken in asserting that we are responsible for the 'stories' to which h6 refers. Neither Mr. Inman, Mr. Shook ,-or to secure aiieiglit-hour working day, itenuined to carry their point, quietly if nor myself have instigated this said Mr. Baxter, "nos have he continued, us, an> sympathy whatever with the on the Tennessee Coal and Iron company, or its officers, by reason of the fact that the company is.the lessee of Uiestate penitentiary. We, and each of us, regret and deplore all this. This spe- cial telegram is the first intimation I have had that Mr.Platt considers us responsible. Our only concern is for the interest and prosperity of tha Tennessee Coal and Iron company, and for tha building up of tbot and other southern enter- Mi' cor polls, Jdian- East, never jlves- leansr epers oano- O. ic House Dlscoascs tlie Senate national CopyriEh-t, Etc. WASHINGTON, May McKinley. from on rules, reported a resolution hurafediate consideration of bills re- frpm the judiciary committee in the 'ng order: Senate bill relating to trusts, relating to copyrights, house bill o bankruptcy, and such other faills-as -Qmittee may call up. This order to be 3 today and tomorrow. The previous was 151, nays TO. Icilillen, of Tennessee, moved -to re- the resolution, with instructions to the on rules to report back a resolution a day for the consideration of the anti- bill alone. THE AKTI-TRUST BILL. 3 Riotiou was 97, nays 125. The was adopted, and the house, in ianco with its terms, -proceeded to con- ;he senate bill to protect trade and agaiust unlawful restraints and monop- of Texas, advocated the bill, jned itself, he said, to subjects over was confessedly no question about of congress to legislate, and did not 16 any doubtful grounds. He did not could any man know, i had been determnined by the jntracts would bo coTeredlJy tho terms ride" newspapers, but was not absolutely as- the bill, the house, at THE -WIDOW'S IJBTTEK. Mrs. Bavis'8 Reply to Richmond's Request for Mr. Davis's Bernnlns. RICHMOND, Va., May following let- tefwS received by the clerk of council, which explains itself: embodied them, fbr the noble_ tribute and you most have sincerely paid to because wlien fibSftSt wuen reverse; us c: 'PP' tne, the affection you yon gladly while he could, cannot decide the question seema to our re come to tie- Srananswernow. J cannotDecide the little crave, and a grate- all. <J? at Massachusetts, intpured what would have jpm ieplie4 tbafr, to lais opinion, s "and Sincere thanks of Floating in tne Elver. from P world's hanging the'Chicagfj anarchists, -was draped in mourning- A nolicejaan wto saw the -Bag, shore SPAPES.r 1 hauled down.

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