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Atlanta Constitution Newspaper Archive: March 22, 1890 - Page 1

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   Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - March 22, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia                               THE ATLANTA r CONSTITUTION VOL. XXI. ATLANTA. GA., SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 189O. PRICE FIVE CENTS. THE TARIFF BILL, COW1A-G 1ST FROM AI.X, AND EVERY ONE DISSATISFIED. siicrman Antl-Tmst Senator Coltiuitt on BU Oene March 21 Major MclvmUj s tariff bill, which was to have been prawn i oil to the full committee, is not yet uid there no telling -when It wUl make Itsappt irance Major McKiuley and his asso- ciat  present in monarchies and republics, under were all of corporations and 111 diverse currencies and economic systems one dollar per pound on silk and restored Jt to the free list They backed down from their attitude fii lumber, the only gen uino tauR revision cut In the bill, and CXP I Hit- duty at one dollar and hfty cents per th x uid as against hftj cents, as at hrst con- temiUud Thej aro hiMiig a monkey and parroi the dutj on argentiferous lead ore in 1 it is aQ open question whether they n t their action prtmdmg fora of one and cento per pouud The Fngland woolen manufacturers are kick -to are the carpet and shoe manu- The sugar men are determined In tin r efforts to get mod ill cations of the sugar s( hedule, while the tobacco men are here MAims from Maryland and Virginia, saying that the committee s partial repeal of the to- bai UK -will unsettle their business without n thuu the relief they ask for, and they vrouul mlmitel} prefer no change at all In tho mo mtime while the republicans are the taiiff bill tho democrats are looking omn serene contemplation THE AVTI DEBATE The Sherman trust fibi 11 provoked a long debiu in the senate this afternoon Senator Bh i u ui, whose bill was blistered several made a concise statement of the THUI claimed at by the bill, taking particular pi to make a stab at the match trust, w Inch Is presided by his political Brutus, Gen snl Kussel A Alger Senator Vest the di-HUAMon into a thaimel -which was to tho republicans lake all other Ben it rs, be was to do anything to sup- -s the great octopi which was sapping the lif 011 ot competition, in trade, but lit) con tin lei that Senator Sherman was beginning at tho v-roiifc, end that it v as child a play to attoi ipt to apply his remedy, as the evil was clearl} beyond the reach of congress, and bill, if passed, would be tiwro-nu out of the supreme court -without a moment's hesitation te were tho outgrowth of Tiigli tariff which fostered them, and the only way to suppress them to bury the ax in the (.iiise whuh made them possible A long running debate followed during the course of H bcnator Allison came out flat footed for tariff revision The bill went over next when the forthcoming debate will prub ably itti w.t wides} read attention UllS b FKNSION An application from Mrs .Thomas T Tarfc eon i a pension for the of her late General 'btonewall Jackson, m the war, h ed at the pension oraio todiv General ot nagthe witness To tho e vt as added the affidavit of Joseph Graham v.ho was present at the in image July 15, f T icutenant J Jai KM n and Miss M Ann Mornson daughter of an eminent I'rcs 111 ihvme an 1 meco ot lion William A Crili im L nitcd SUites senator from North Can Imam IbH and scinlary of tbe cabinet of Filmore Mis Jackson will re ccne i pension of per month from January 20 Isy7 date of the passage of the Mex lean s SoOi up to this date MAHONK'S JOB It is understood bere that Ma bone who under forty thousand major it) in Ins race for gov ernor last fall, is to IMJ appointed consul general to Pans, a position worth in the neighborhood of 000 per an- num Mahone hat. been a politie.il outlaw and king in uginia since he betrayed the readjustee All the power of the administra- tion v, is used to aid Mahone in the campaign last fall, with the result as above stated, and now Mi Harrison purposes to apply the sooth ing balm of office to Mahone's feelings, which ere greatly outraged by his overwhelming THK BRUNSWICK PUBLIC BCTLDIVO 1 The Brunfawick delegation obtained a prom ise from the house committee on public build ings, this morning, to report favorably a bill gning Brunswick an hundred thousand dollar public building The bill wjl be reported at once and its chances of passage at this session are good MR GIUMES S 'ftOBK Mi Grimes has filed a petition at the post- office department protesting the ap- point ncnt of the negro postmaster at Hogans- -villo The negro who has been selected for the place is J H Clopton The petition, winch comes from Hogansville, says Clopton is incompetent, and totally unfit for the place Mr Grimes is very hopeful that Waaamaker withdraw the appointment Senator Colquitt for Albany, Ga to- morrow He will carry with him the nomina- tions of Mat Davis, "the black" Dudley, consequently the senate cannot act until he dividuals of many states, and under control conclusion he said, that the defect---- were in its moderations, and that Its effects would be to notice that combinations in restraint of trade md production, w ould not be tolerated At the close of Sherman's speech, Mr In- galls notice of an amendment which he would offer to the Mil The amend men t was read and oidered printed It is substantially the Button, oith to regulate dealings m options or futures now pe idmg in the house On motion of Mr SI oriuan it was ordered that the substitute reported from 41ie 6nance committee shall be treated as the original text of the bill and so the amendments proposed by Messrs Reagan ncd Ingalls are to be treated as amendments m tho nrst and second degree "WOULD BB THROWN OTJT OF COURT Mr Vest addressed tho senate No one, he said could exigcrato the importance of tho subject or feeling that existed against trusts all the country, but especially in the agn cultural districts He could no con with the senator from Ohio as to the enormity of the abuses that had grown np forming a league Though the pucee of i >iof trustrees In fabrics are also lower, defects of tbe bill .1 under the system of trusts and combinations; and he also agreed w nh him that there should be no hypocnticiam of the constitution But what was desired was one thing, and what could be accomplished under tho autonomy of gov- ernment was another thing and ho could even in the face of populai indignation winch would be vidted on .xny one that criticised a measure intended to destroy the evil com plained of, violate his oath to support the con stitution and violate all habitudes of though which had como to him as a lawyer, 1 and trained m his profejxsoiv For congress to pasa a law that would bo thrown out of the supreme court under tbe terrible criticism that sucb> simply ridicule, and law w ould invoke to snbjec t itself to to confess that it was powerless to enact lawa that would e the people relief He went on to arguo against the consti tutiojifllity of the original bill an well as of tlie substitute, declaring his belief that tlie supremo court would mimed atelj throw it out of court The senate h id been told last n by Mr Sherman that whenever he tipfied that coiubmations wore protci ted -protet live dutj ho would be in f iv or that duty, and that Mr A cat said was tho roil Anj other leinc 1> (with out an amendment of tl c i oiictitutinn) woul 1 Ihost returns Tho senator thinks it probable that Mat Davis will be con- firmed, but he hopes Buck can be persuaded to have Dudley's name withdrawn though Buck will not consent to this, 6m ator Colqtutt yet hopes the senate will de- feat confirmation However, the chances are that tins can't be done, for both Clarkson and Buck seem determined that Dud- ley shall be rewarded again for his vote at Chicago _______ B. W. B. THE: ANTI-TRUST KIM- be absolutely migatorv and mclte  THK T 1 The (lob itc ill if ted int i a di cussion of the f ffDCtothieh  overwhelm ing, that it should bo appioached with the greatest care Mr Hiscock said he was in sympathy with Mr Sherman in much of what he had said against the trusts, but, he argued, that the bill would not eifect the purpose for which it was intended Another fault that he found w ith the bill was that it would interdict labor organizations, and he believed in labor orgam zations Mr Blair renewed his motion to reconsider the vote of yesterday by which tlie educa tional bill was i ejected, and Mr luman moved to lay that motion on- the table No action w as taken A motion to adjourn over till Monday was opposed by Mr Sherman, w ho wihhed to hav e action on the anti trust bill tomorrow, and tlie motion was defeated yeas seventeen, nays, twenty five Mr Reagan addressed the senate on the anti- trust bill He hoped that the senate would adopt bis amendment, which vrould give the general government control, in cases where foreign commerce was affected, leaving to the senate jurisdiction in cases where local trade and manufacturers were affected Mr Allison replied to Mr Vest's argument as to tho connection between high duties and trusts, taking the ground that all great com- binations were practically outside of the tar- iff and independent ot it He would not ad mit that even the sugar trust on the tariff Mr Coke offered a substitute for the bill, and Mr George offered an amendment, both of which were ordered printed The bill then went over till Monday, when it is to be "unfinished and itwasor dered that the session tomorrow shall be con fined exclusn ely to business on the calendar under the eighth rule bills unobjocted to Under this arrangement tlie vote on Mr motion to table Mr Blair s motion of reconsideration can not be taken before Mon day fn announcing parties on the Blair bill yes- terday the relative positions of four senators were misstated on the floor Messrs Quay and Kansoixi, who were for the bill, weie paired with Messrs Butler and Casey, who if implements, utensils and _Fthe farmer's interest ac- count is unreduced, and his mortgage harder to lift. THK CACSB OF fcOW VKICXB. The main cause of low prices is referred to the inexorable law of supply and demand Corn and wheat and other staples are cheap because of over-produobon Immigration has increased the population five millions in ten 5 ears Inter-contmontal areas have been c-uved into farms free to the natives and for- eigners, opening millions of acres to cultiva- tion Railroad extension has stimulated i ro- duction and the east with we-.lprn products Speculation first aud utili- zation afterwards have produced results that have astonished the world with a plethora of bread and meat Tho old world has joined with the new to crowd the mountains, valleys slopes and far stoetolling plains of tbe conti- nent with beei es, in tho haunts of tho oiice countless herds of buffalo OVKU PRODUCTION THB CAUSB In the more eastern areas matuntv of beeves has been hastened by breeding and feeding An extended comparison show, how in the progress of forty years, production out- run the population in its wildest strides It U shown that wheat growing has become a philanthropic! misaion to bread consistent with the low wages in Great Bnt- iin, that northwestern missionaries continue sowing their seeds and floating their bread across the waters, mourning for profits that do not return after many dajs It is suggested that less than a fourth of the world eat w heat, thai half ol tho people of Europe scarcely know its and that Asia, Africa, South and Australia all h we n heat to soil Mr Dodge that while there is an excess of production of few staples, there are insuf- ficient supplies of many other necessary prod- ucts the total absence of scores of others, which should furnish profitable employment to rural lab tr Ihere is too narrow a range of cropping ersihcation is essential to agri cultural salvation There are imports costing GOO OCR) ci annum of agricultural products winch bhoull be produced here These are siuir annuals and their products fibers fruits in 1 uuts, barley leal tobacco, and wines The f inners are suffering for the want of tlie hundieds of millions ot dollars that tho sweat t f the brows and dexterity of hands might produce in matenald" for scores of old and m w industr os L.HSI1 IKI> CFOrS THE BKMEOY It is stated that the cotton as it ould not suffice to furnish board for the IP of the co'ton stitcs at hrst-class hotels f tton, and as httlu need of going to Cuba f r sugar The statistician treats of what he charoc- as a fcllj of wheat insisting on A 8EKTICK PENSION. BJU Trnmrt tbe IMbato On "WASHnroTOK, March after the reading of the journal, the house went into committee of the whole (Mr Bur- rows, Michigan, in tbe chair) on the pen- sion' appropriation bill Mr CheacUe, of Indiana, spoke at length in favor of a service pension iaw He explained the provisions of the hill authorizing a service life to every veteran over fifty years of age, who served sixty daj s and was honor- ably discharged Under the general law all invalid penafoners, who receive leas than a month, and all who receive no pension, will be beneficiaries under it Those who draw less than a month can surrender their invalid pensions, if er fifty, and take a service pension The service pension bill could become a law, and the expense of the in- valid and service pensions could be met with- out levying one cent of additional taxes upon tbe country The total expense of the service pension law would not exceed The additional pension expense, should the bill become a law, for the next fiscal year, would not exceed a--year I sup- E the high water mark of pension expense ild reach a year, and continue n years for himself, he would oppose every material reduction of the revenues except noon sugar and ev ery material revision of the tariff and revenue schedules until Ills comrades should have re- ceived tho pension recognition nromised Mr. Clements, of Georgia, said that after listening to the speeches of gentlemen on the other side, he was inclined to wonder why Commissioner Tanner liad been requested to resign The gentleman from Kansas (Peters) had justified the action of Tanner in putting upon the pension rolls those who had rendei good service before they had left tbe army without permission A gentleman had also Jutified Commissioner Taimer in increasing the rate and in rerating pensions Then why had Tanner been asked to resign Mr Morrow, of Caihfornia, said that that qttestaon could be answered easily, but that as tee answer would involve going into matters of detail, lie would refrain from doing so at present Mr inquired whether the 000, which was carried by the bill, would be sufficient for the next fiscal year Mr Morrow replied that it would suf- ficient to pay all pensions under the present laws, but that if congress passed further laws increasing the number or rate of pensions there would be a deficiency Mr Clements suggested further, that in ac- cordance with the circular issued by the com- missioner of pensions, the employes of the pension bureau would be utilized in working up cases, and he said that if this were so, there would be a large increase in tbe amount of pensions, even under the existing laws Without any new lawa passed by this congress, the sum of would be inadequate, and there would be a large deficiency The present administration had criticised Mr. Sherman Measure Before the Discussion. "WASHINGTON, March 21 Hansom to the senate referring to yesterday's vote on the 3Blair bill, said that there had been some con- fusion about it, that he should have been gtaired as in favor of the bill, and that Mr Casey (with whom he was paired) was opposed to the bill. Mr Plumb, from tho committee on appro- priations reported hack to the house the joint resolution authorizing the appointment of thirty medical examiners for the bureau of pen- sions, and gave notice that he would ask the ftenate to consider it tomorrow. Mr Cockrel said that thereportlBbynomeana tinanimous, and gave notice that he would inove to amend the joint resolution by striking out the clause allowing the to to to tlie antipoJes for biuder twine while i in Hicn of flair fibre is wilted in ad- in i el is, and when thev could grow hump in six mouths to bind the wheat of the rid This is lio sajs exceeded only by the m of cotti n growers, who are wild to KJ to India for jute when it will grow in their c )tton hckls readil> as more intense will result it is predict! 1, if the fanners continue to restrict their clT rts, in the furrows their fathers tumod and to live and die in the same oMid IK and piof it less routine Another srnous cause of depression, he says, 1-1 tho exorbitant share of farmers' products t bj middle men and earners Wh Jo the growers twenty hve to thirty per cent less for beeves, tho consumers pay tlie same for beef Milk is bought for three cents per quart and sold for eight The huckster often takes more for handling a product in a day than the grow er received for producing the sea- son s growth The sellers' profit on fresh fruit is the suggestion of greed and extortion The army of dealers in futures disturb the natural How of trade, check exportation by a tempora- ry nse, to be followed by lower prices and greater fluctuations Speculators depress prices when the garners are full, and boom them when the farmers have nothing to sell, as at present TOO MANY KON-PRODC'CBBS The community is infested with the pestilent swarms of non producers The curse of specu lation blights and consumes the result of hon- est industry Leeches fasten on ery product of labor and suck from it the life-blood of profit Men who produce nothing, who neither toil on farms nor spin in factories, are the last administration for doing what it was now doing itself He (Mr Clements) did not oppose jnst and liberals pensions He was not going to vote against the pending bill His only objection to it was that it appropriated less money than the administration knew would be necessary to pay pensions for the next year The debate was continued by Messrs By- num, Buchanan, of New Jersey En- loe, Allen, of Mississippi, Breckmridge, of Kentucky, Grosvenor, Tarsney, Morse, of Massachusetts, Funston, Kerr, Flower, Strublo, Cutclieon, Boothman and Outhwaite committee then rose and the bill patoodi A number of private bills, coming over from Friday last passe 1 among them one for the retirement of John C Fremont, with the rank ot major gener On motion of Mr Robertson, of Louisiana, a bill was parsed appropriating to en- able the secretary of war to purchase 2 WO tents for the use of people drneu from their homes by floods, now prevailing in Arkansas, Mississippi, and I ouisiana On motion of Mr Mornll, of Kansas, (acting under from the committee on m valid pensions) the resolution was adopted calling on tho secretary of interior for a copy of taken by the committee appointed by him to imestigite the management of the pension oiiice under Commissioner Tanner Ihe then at 3 o clock, took a recess until S o clock, the evening session to be for the cousidoiation of private pension bills. FIGHT IN THE WATER. absorbing the wealtl: i nor spn !i of the cotmtrj, by com- binations without conscience, and service ithout equity WITH THE COMMITTEES. Considering the Sugar Com- pound Bin. "SVASHrfoTOV, March 21 republican, members of the ways and means committee today considered the sugar schedule and had under advisement a proposition to substitae specific for advalorem duties There was also some discussion upon tbe rate to be fixed upon raw silk, but no decision was reached in either case The committee on agriculture today reported favorably to the house, with amendments, of the Conger bill, defining lard, and imposing a tax upon and regulating the manufacture, etc of compound Tard A report accompanying the bill says the were against it that was stated It was the erse of this After a short executive session, the senate adjourned until tomorrow A Protest From Sufar Planters. NEW ORLEANS, La March 21 Louisi- ana Planters' association held a meeting today and adopted a series of resolutions protesting- against a reduction of the tarrff on sugar without a corresponding reduction on all other protected articles, protesting against the duty on sugar being changed from specific to an ad valorem tax, and also against the stand- ard being raised thirteen to sixteen Dutch standard, color test. SPOR1 ING NEWS. Philadelphia was successful at Charleston yes- terday, defeating New Tort by 14 to 3 Chicago defeated Brooklyn in a game of base- ball at St Augustine yesterday Score G to 1 In the final contest for singles in the tennis tournament at St. Augustine yesterday afternoon. O. S Campbell, the present holder of the tropical prize; three to object of the proposed legislation, in addition to obtaining enue are, first, to compel the branding1 of mixtures compounded of increda- ents other than lard, hut made in the semblance of and sold as lard, so that consumers may be aoAiscd of the nature of the article they pur chase, second, to relieve manufacturers of pore lard of unfair competition of an imitation article made of cheaper ingredients and sold at a low er price, third, to relieve, to some ex- tent, the existing depression in the farming industry, caused in part by the displacement of a large and increasing amount of pure fat of the hog by spurious substitutes put on the market under the name and brand of the genuine article The bill, in its main features, is similar to the oleomargarine law, which the committee says has given general satisfaction, and the wrongs to be prevented and the benefits to be secured are in their general character the same in both cases. One bill applies to imitations of butter and the other to Imitations of lard. The committee believes that no public interest at this time presses with such extreme urgency upon the attention of congress, for relief as to agricultural interest, the foundation of all our prosperity The report concludes with the statement that the compound lard teade as carried on to a stupendous commercial fraud, which tt U doty of congrew to snnpreM A Swimmer Draws His Pistol and Fires Four Sbots. NVIHMLI.B. Tenn March 21 A remarkable and sensational affray, which culminated in a killing, is reported from Stewart county, about two miles from Dover, on the Cumberland river Constable J E Shemwell attached a raft of logs belonging to James Wallace to satisfy a judgment in favor of Judge J M Scarboro, anil against Wallace as stayor, for Mark Wal- lace A relative of James Shemwell went on the raft where Wallace was, and told him that he came to attach the raft, when some rongk language passed between them Wallace kicked pushea himin the water, which was about twenty feet deep, and began striking at him with a spike pole As this did not prove effectue, he dropped the pole and threw an axe at him Shemwel] dodged the axe, and though still swimming, drew Ins pistol and fired four shots at Wallacet only one taking effect, which entered the lefl side, just above tho nipple Wallace died in two hours Shemwell went to Dover, gave himself up, was tned and acquitted Wallace leaves a wife and seven children There much feeling among his relatives, aud more trouble is expected_____ THE HANOINOS YESTEKDAT. CHICAGO, March 21 George U S A in command of the depart- ment of Missouri, died at the Grand Pacific otel, at 7.15 o'clock this morning of heart There had not been the slightest warning tat General Crook not well le was at army all day yester ay, and last night at the hotel appeared toUe his usual good health He got up as usual this morning, about 7 o'clocV, and dreas- ig he said to lus w ife "I can't breathe Mrs Crook helped him to a sofa and a doctor 'as summoned, but before he could reach the General Crook was dead Mr John S Drake, proprietor of the Grand yacific hotel, an intimate friend of General rook, made the following statement to an Associated Press reporter General Crook arose shortly before 7 'clock this morning, apparently in his usual ealth, and in accordance with Uis custom be ate exercising with weights and pulleys con ected apparatus for the purpose, which e kept in his room After exercising for a ew minutes, he stopped and lay dow n upon a oungo, saying that he felt difhcnltj in breath- ug A few moments later he called out to his ife 'Oh, Mary, Mary, I need some help, I .n't get my breath HEART DISKASE THK CA.USH "Assistance was at once summoned and Dr lives for Every- img that could be done was done, but he ailed to rally and died at 7 13 Mrs Crook nd her sister, Mrs Reed, were the only mem- oers of the family present at Ins bedside when e passed away Ho had no children I sup- ose bis death resulted from an affection of Jie heart For some weeks, and in fact, ever mce he returned from lus last tnjt to the orthwest, he has been complaining of a bear- ng dow n sensation, in the neighborhood of the eart Dr V L Hurlbnt, tho physician who was ummoned, said "I arrived at Creneral brook's bedside only four or five mmutes bo ore death ened He was suffering rom irregular action of the heart, and Ins ungs or chest, spemed to be tilled up e id what we con Id for him in the way of hot ppUc ations in the w ay of sinapisms, hot bags .o his feet, etc but it was no use and he died without rallying It appeared to be a case of leart failure, but I could not be positive about hat, as I had never been called to attend him before There may have been some stomachic omplications HID BTCFN FVILIKO Major Randall, of General Crook's staff, said "We noticed for some tiino that GPII- ral Crook was not in his usual health He was a man who never complained, and said very little about his sufferings At the the- ater last night, I saw that he was not feeling at all well, and asked him if lie were not m pain Ho paid 'no but I think that was tlie pnmng of the end The arrangements for funeral have not yet leen made General Schoileld has been tele- graphed to In regard to the matter, and his nshes will be considered The bnnal will .robablj be at Oakland, Md the home of lus vife s family, though possibly at Arlington Sfational cemetery General Crook wat sixty- me j ears old in taeptembei last "WRECK ON THfc GEORGIA PACIFIC. A Tonnff Negro Declares His Innocence of tbe Crime. NEW OBX.RUUJ March Times-Demo- crat Franklin, La, special says Edmun< Nicholas, a young negro eighteen years of age was executed by today for shooting t young girl He denied the crime to tbe last moment, asserting that he did not commit it but that it was his brother who was the guilt] party, and as his brother disappeared shortl; after the shooting and has not been seen since some color, at least of probability, would seen: to be en to tbe assertion The death Nicholas was instantaneous, his neck being broken by the fall A Ttines-DemocratPlaquemine, La .special says Prince Saunders, colored, was hange< at 12 30 today in the jail yard The screens were pulled back and he was allowed to speak to the crowd The crime for which Pnnce suffered death was the murder of Rhody Walker, his mistress, on the 14th of Decem her, 1889. just a few hours after Carter Wil kinson was hung, whose execution Saunde witnessed. He leaves a wife and serera sisters. Four BIRMINGHAM, Ala., March 21 Near Blocton, Bibb county, forty miles aouti of this city, yesterday, the dead bodies of four negroes were found in the woods. Three o them lay near together, and the body of the fourth lay a few hundred feet awsy. The three in a bunch had been shot to death, and tb head of the fourth one had been severed from the body with an ax. All four of the dea< negroes were recognized as laboren who ha  louse had the before it of men ex- ;luded from the Jockey club and warned oft .he race courses, and able to interfere with the legislation of the nation Ijewellyn Joues (liberal) seconded the motion It was a moderate oroposal, Jie said. [t did not aim to abolish the bouse of lor is, mt only to modifj it in accordance with thtt spmt and requirements of the times There "was HO other legisJatme in the v orM -where purely hereditary wasto'erited After further brief dt. bate, the motion, waft 201 to lJ-t Tlie marqi is of Sah bury in icu'w of lords tli it tlie report of the Par- iell coniirisnion be approxecl After a lonsj debate the uiuticii was adoptetl without dn ision THE CH4NGFS How Auatrim it the "IKSNA March M I'IP oittw ir i calm in ofiuial circles htn r iic< rn i tl P t h ingoa which taken pi ire in IVrhn not t o- mcide with tlie actna] in ihe highest quarters Fnnct BvnurtK w is the all j of Of ral mi Capri vi nothing is known The h ,Ji raises of his menls souudt d bj the r n ui j n ire insin- cere and unrel ible HIP cmicr r him regarded as reJl ess r in chancel- lorship He itisivse-tpii i ti mj er inn which causes apprehension of suij rising 
                            

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