Sunday, January 5, 1958

Miami Herald

Location: Miami, Florida

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Miami Herald (Newspaper) - January 5, 1958, Miami, Florida ••Vif 5 V.'..:' r'ilXt: Miles In Space Will Become A Tiny Planet Partly Siumiky Mostly cloudy with some rain, torn» Ing Bomewhftt colder l«t© Monday. ■ MIAMI TCMPCIUTmCfl SCKDAT Bt BcrkK Wir* StrrieM MOSCOW — Russia's "cos-rçïic rocket" Sunday began £1 bending into an egg-shaped orbit around the sun to join thé solar system as a tiny planet, the Soviets announced Sunday. The Russians predicted the rocket was just the start of the conquest of outer space and visualized the time when Russians would send television pictures back from the moon and would visit Mars and Venus. The 8.345-poand rocket-skirted the moon, its original goal, by 4,600 miles—roughly the distance from Miami to London—and streaked on to-ward the sun at more than 25,000 miles per hour. The rocket had slowed to a speed of 5.592 miles per hour as it encountered the moon's gravitational pull but picked up speed again as it started leaving the moon's field of gravity behind it. Late Sunday, it had raced S43.750 miles into space since ita launching iMt Friday, "The rocket continues to move away from the moon and the earth," the statement said. It is "gradually assuming an-, elliptical orbit around the 6un." Tass, official news agency, said the instruments and transmitters continued to function normally, reporting back data to observation stations in the Soviet Union. But these radio contacts gradually will worsen because of the growing distance and the exhaustion of the cosmic missile's batteries, Tass said, and "in the course of the next few days will cease, entirely." Russian scientists echoed Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev in hailing the feat of Soviet rocketry. Soviet Academician Anatoly Blagonravov, writing in thè Communist Youth newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda, predicted that one of his readers "before long will walk on the edge of the moon's craters and will unravel the mysteries of the canals-on Mars and see the unveiling of clouds on the mainland of Venus. " Blagonravov paid the U.S. a backhanded compliment and said RuMlans should not "minlmiEe or belittle" American space advances. However, ho said, "in my '•^opinion, the very approach in 'the U.S. to the sok-ition of the PXoblem of mterplanetary Higî^t is erroneou.s." A V s. moon rocket reached an aJuîtude of Tl.OOO miles before fillips:^ A Moscow radio science commentator said the conditions for the Russian rockct launch-' ing were "far from favorable " because of the positions of the moon, earth and sun and the forces of attraction among them. Another said TV pictures might be flashed back from the moon by the first space ship to get there. Signals showed the temperature on the surface of the rocket to be between 50 and 59 degrees fahrenheit, It said. It added that these mild temperatures insure "normal ■ functioning of the instruments" | packed inside the rocket. The Turn to Page 2A Col. 6 Monday, January 5,1959 No. 34 Florida*s Mosi Complete Newspaper 49th Year 72 Pages 5 Cents A UUb AaMricftii E«ltlM If rvMUhttf Dailj' 7 • m. ht 1 p.m. 71 8 ».m. 70 2 p.m. ^71 9 » m, 71 3 p m. 66 10 «.m. 70 4 p m. 68 11 ».m. 69 5 P m. 68 Noon 72. 6Pm. 66 Hlfh. 75; low. 68: rilntHl,. .01. C 7 p m. Îp.m. p.m. 10 p.m. U p m. Midnlibt Victor Leading Armored Column to Havana Castro Galls Off Strike, Sure of Hold on Cuba —A»»oclated Pres« Wlrephoto Down on the Farm Near Dallas-Brrr! ». . leaky vmter tower formed weird ice pattern Bitter Cold Wave Hits Eastern U.S. Br Rtrald Wire SerrlcM CHICAGO — A gigantic, bitter cold wave turned the eastern two-thirds of the nation into an icebox Sunday. Record cold sent the temperature crashing to as low as 22 degrees below zero . in the snow-glazed upper portions of the Texas panhandle earlj Sunday, The U.S. Weather Bureau Upstate Chill Will Spare Gold Coast North Florida will freeze while the Gold Coast gets mid-60 temperatures today, the weatherman .«¡aid. "There's almost no chance that it will get cold here this time," Weatherman Phil Acker-man said Siinday night. But farmers were putting out smudge pots Sunday night In north Florida as far south as Ocala, A dip into the 20s was expected in the Pensacola area. Temperatures of 25-35 were predicted for the Gainesville area. The cold wave is moving east, which is why the Gold Coast will be spared. Ackerman said. In Miami: Cloudy, in the high 60s. with showers. Ackerman said. It might get into the mid-50s by Tuesday, he added. said that as far as Is it was the coldest morning the region has ever experienced. Dalhart. with a low of 21 degrees below zero, was two degrees colder than the previous known record of minus ■19 on Feb. 1.1951.- Citrus and vegetables crops in the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas were expected to be spared, although weathermen identified the frigid air as the coldest air mass in the valley since the big freeze of 1931 which wiped out citrus crops. Oklahoma had one of its coldest days in many years as the mcrcur>' dropped to below zero at„.soveral cities. Guymon in the Panhandle reported 19 below and Gage in the northwest had 15 below. It was minus six at Ponca City and minus four- at Enid. Oklahoma City's three below I reading was one of the lowest I in its history. The arctic air mu.«ihroomed from the plains over the Ohio Valley and into New England, Cold wave warnings were issued for parts of Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee eastward into New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and southward into LouUiana, Mississippi and Alabama. In Ohio, the mcrcurj' dropped quickly from 35 to 21 degrees as the, cold front moved acros.«; the state. All roads, including the Ohio Turnpike, were snow-covered and slippery. '2nd Frönt' Throws In With Castro Struggle-for-Power Fears Dismissed JBy GEOBGE SOIJTmVORTH BuAld LaUn Amerlcii Edttor HAVANA, Cuba — Any fear of two revolutionary groups squabbling for government control was erased Sunday when leaders of the Second National Front of Escambray pledged sufiport of the new provisional government. The Second Front's top man, Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo, said his 5,000-man army separate from the guerrilla army of Fidel Castro — would not seek any positions in President Manuel Urrutia's cabinet. "We wUl back him to tho hilt," Menoyo pledged. There had been some fear that the victorious armies of the 26th of July Movement headed by Castro and the Second National Front might clash in a struggle for power. The Herald interviewed a top rebel leader on a secret mission to Miami three weeks ago, and interviewed him again Sunday. He is Dr. Armando Fleites —the No. 2 man in the Second Front army. '"I went to Miami because we were in great need of arms and ammunition." he said. "I was successful in - my mission and the guns and ammunition were used in the final battle.' , Fleites WQ]ci.'i,.admit it, but he j probably visited former Presi- i dent Carlos Prio Socarras in Mi- j ami. Most of the men in the i Second Front army are Prio's men. ; "We received all of our arms from Miami," he said, ^ "and most of .niem got through ; — at least cent." j Fleites told how he got to Miami and back. He said he took a jeep down out of the hills and crossed half of Las ' Villas Province through the lines of Batista's army. "At the coast, my sergeant and' I took a small boat out and were picked up by a Cuban fishing craft which carried us to a small key at the southern tip of Florida. "There we'were picked up by a .«¡ports fishing boat from Miami and taken to a small town Turn to Page 2A Col, 7 —Aisoclaled Pre»» WlreoJbolo Gun MoU-Cuban Kebel Style-Stands Guard in Havana ... 8Uch pretty WACs in Castro's army (See picture on Page IOC) PLUTO fARTH H JUPITER ^Somebody's 111 Trouble' SA^!^ FRANCISCO — — Two Coast Guard planes flew, .<;carch patterns over the Pacific near San Luis Obispo Sunday in response to a weak and vague radio distress signal. "What we're looking, for we don't know." said a Coast Guard siK)kesman. "But we have to operate on the theory that .«somebody's in trouble." " Federal Communications Commi-ssion monitors heard the distress call twice during the night. The distress call ga\e no position indication. The FCC monitors, making the best pos.sible directional fix on the weak signal, estimated the call came from a transmitter about 40 miles south to the west of Pismo Beachi. Calif. Pismo Beach is about 200 miles south of San Francisco. Where To Find It Solid Line Shows How ^Lunik' Will Orbit Sun . , . first arrow shows approximate location of satelliliB at latest report Amuse. 7-9D Bell IC Class. 10-2IC Comics 22.23C Crossword 22C Deaths IOC Drummond 6A Dunaway 5D Editorial 6A Goren 7A Harris 6A Horoscope 22C Jumble 7A Knie r'b'r lOB i Kofoed 23C i Movies 8D { Penn'kamp 6A [ Qu'icQuiz 20D Roosevelt 3C Sports 1-6D ; Stranger 12A j Thompson 22C i TV-Radio lOD | VanDellan 93 Winchell 9D Womens 1-9B I ^^ New. York Publisher Dies at 53 SAN FRANCISCO — (.P — Seymour Berkson, publisher of The New York Journal American, died Sunday of a heart attack in his Mark Hopkins Hof.el suite; He was 53. He was stricken while talking by telephone with his New York assistant ^nd discussing plans to return to New York later this week. He was a former general manager of International News Service, now merged with United P r e s s .Sir. Berkson International. lie had suffered a heart seizure here si.x weeks ago while attending a meeting of Hearst organization executives He was hospitalized then but released as apparently recovered. Berkson's wife, the. former Eleanor Lambert, was with'him when he died. Berkson started his journalism career as a district reporter for the Chicago Herald and American ^vhi!e a student at the University of Chicago On graduation he joined the Chicago paper's staif^. Berkson worked briefly for the Associated Press in New Yprk In 1931 a n d then hp-came a staff writer for Hearst's old , Universal Ser\ -ice. Befkson was chief of I'niver-sal's Rome bureau from 1932 to '1934 and headed the Paris bureau, until 1935. He was managing editor of International News Service from 1037 until 1945. when he was appointed vice president and general manager. He was named publisher of The „jQurnal American three years ago. He succeeded William Randolph Hearst Jr., in the post. Renewal of Fighting Feared Anxiety Still Hangs Over Gity of Havana By STEPHEN TRUMBULL Hfrild Stiff Wrttir HAVANA, Cuba—With guns silent at last and the harsh general strike called off, there was still an uneasy fear in revolt-battered Havana Sunday that the flames of siolence may not be completely out. There have been many official promises of cooperation between the powerful Second Front organization and other revolutionary forces and Fidel Castro's 26th of July m o v e-ment, but tension was evident even as crowds prepared a mnn-yfr"victory celebration for Casfro. There wa« talk of possible dissension which could — later if not now — fan the dying embers of revolution. There are 'factions within factions, and letting blood for the cause of the revolution, then returning to such mundane jobs as grocers and inn-keeping is hardly in keeping with the Latin temperament. Many rebel troops have moved into the othenvise empty tourist hotels. It is all on the cuff, or as they say here, "compliments of the management " At the swank Havana Hilton and Nacional hotels, a few ad- Loana on Silvenvare to $600. ; Halpert's 140 NE 2 Ave.-Adv. j Flying Boxcar Crash Kills 3 BUNKER HILL AIR FORCE ' BASE, Ind. — — An Air ; Force CUD Flying Boxcar cra.shed and burned early Sunday while coming in for a landing here, killing all three crew ' members. The victims were identified as Capt. Jack E. Roosa, 40, the pilot, of Uvalde. Tex,: Capt. Os-mar B. Hqwell. 34, copilot, of San Angelo. Tex.; and S. Sgt. Rodolpho Quinones, 3g. of Cor- ; pus Christi. Tex. The plane was ; en route to Bunker Hill from | Brooks Air Force Base, Tex.. ; on what was described as a ; cross-country flight. j ^venturous Americans stayed on;, • The general strike which ! paralyzed Havana was relaxed 1 Sunday at the food stores. This ; helped the citixens who still had a couple of pesos under the mattress, but the long lines at the stores were watched enviously by many others who won't be working again ■ for a day or so. There were- no reports of black market prices. The fact may be astounding to North Americans with a memory of World War II black', markets, but it has been true here through aili of these days of trouble. Newsmen who followed the rebels through all of the scattered guerilla fighting say it was true around the scenes of those campaigns, too. Until Sunday night, the town had been held completely para-lyze^l insofar as transportation and other facilities are concerned. Newsmen here and others in the'hotels were getting two rather scant meals a day hut. aside from elevators, there was no other service. Citizens and tourists alike were impatient for complete restoration of services in stores, transportation facilities'and industry following Castro's order to end the general strike. The process of disarming the kid volunteer guards around the city and replacing them with uniformed and combat-seasoned rebels is progressing —but slowly. Most of the downtown Havana guards are now veterans of the Second Front groiip. They are as friendly as a bunch of beagle pups with the Americans and other foreign newsmen here. Apparently they have the word from higher up to do nothing to endanger international relations. The national police uniform also is reappearing in some sections of the city.' The wearers are unarmed and apparently have been approved for traffic and-other routine duties. Groceries Opened Up In Capital Residents Allowed To Leave Homes —.........nr.....il«r«14 ---------- HAVANA, Cuba ^ Re b e 1 Leader Fidel Castro Sunday night called off the general strike that has paralyzed Cuba as he marched victoriously toward the capital at thé head of a 1,500-man armbred column. A bi-badcast by the Havana radio said • Castro, speaking from Camaguey, had urged all workers to go back to their, ^obs. All stores and business establishments, closed sine.« New Year's Day* when the rebels overthrew Fulgencio Batista's dictatorship, were told to open again. 'Hie end of the itrlke indicated the rebels feel they have a firm grip on Havana and are in no serious danger of a counter-attack by Batista force«. Castro urged industries, transport and communications, as well as stores, to resume regular work-schedules. The end of the strike is expected to be a major move toward restoring Cuba's normally flourishing trade and commerce. It was cheered especially in hungry Havana, where residents and American tourists have been short on food for four days. Earlier in the day, rebel-, officials in Havana permitted grocery stores to open for two hours to ease the hunger pangs of the city's 1,250,000 citizens. j Marching into Camagueyi ; Castro reached the one-third I mark of his 600-mile trip to j Havana and the immense vie-{ tory celebration awaiting him. But a broadcast later said Castro would remain in Ca-j maguey Sunday night and con-; tinue his triumphal procession j by stages, stopping in Santa. I Clara today and in Mantanzas, ' capital of the province next to Havana. Tuesday. As tens of thousands in Camaguey cheered Castro,-he was quoted as saying: "Our triumph is sure and there is no danger of losing what we have." The rebel command here also permitted unarrned civilians to go on the streets for the first time suice the toppling of Ba-tista> regime. But civilians ; were ordered to carry identifi-; cation. Castro's men said they were pressing a roundup of remaining supporters of the ousted regime. Tho rebels dealt out summary justice to men they said were "criminals of war,'' and reportedly had e.xecuted at least three of Batista's former officials. As Havana prepared a hero's welcome for the bearded, 32-year-old Castro, whose two-year revolution upset Batista, the self-appointed civilian mili- Turn to Page ZA Col. 5 Roller Rink Fire Costs 875,000 Chicago—(i*—A pre-dawn fire Sunday caused an estimated 575,000 damage to the Arcadia Garden Roller Pank on Chicago's north side. Chief Fire Marshall Raymond Daley, who estimated the damage. ordered an arson investigation. Today's Chuckle "I can't make them out," said the woman over the back fence. "They have no car, no ! television, and she hasn't any jewelry or furs." "Perhaps," said her neighbor, "they just have money." —xuiAding circi*