Wednesday, June 1, 1921

Washington Post

Location: Washington, District Of Columbia

Page: 1

Other pages in this edition:

Who (or what) are you looking for?

Find old articles about anyone, in the World’s Largest Newspaper Archive!

Other Newspapers from Washington, District Of Columbia


Other Editions from Wednesday, June 1, 1921


Text Content of Page 1 of Washington Post on Wednesday, June 1, 1921

Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1921, Washington, District Of Columbia Member of tie Associated Muaciatcd Press exclusively entitled to the use for tlon of-all news dis- patches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local news published herein. The "Washington Post Is a member of the Press, receiving the, complete serv- ices of tho world's greatest news-iathering organization. X" _______x cloudy to- day; cooler tonight; tomorrow fair moderate, vari- able winds, Tejnperature 80; lowest, 54. NO. DAILY AND SUNDAY ENTERED AS SECOND-CIASS MATTER POSTOFPICB, T7A3HK6TON, D. C.. 1821, ,BT THE WASHINGTOjrEOST CO. TWO CENTSK Pound Test Shell Rolls From Plane at Aberdeen. TWO OF HURT MAY DIE Reported Rudder Hit Explosive as Men Turned Big Aero. OFFICERS PROMPT IN INQUIRY Corpl. Raymond F. Bohle, Privates Allen A. Shermcr, Elmer H. Grin- nell and S. S. Hites and Robert M. Heir, Civilian, Joseph E. Hall and Private Sam- uel Weinstock Arc Not Expected to Less Serious- ly Hurt. it was decided" to turn it around, and all the injured and dead, werei about, the big helping in the operation. v As the plane turned tire. 50-pound bomb rolled off, and an insiant later it .was struck by the rudder of the machine as it swung around. This caused the explosion in the very .midst of the men about the machine. BOMB SHATTERS HIS HAND. Langley Field Picking Up Missile, Also Loses Bye.' Newport News, Va., May vate Albert Packard, a sentinel at Langley field, was seriously injured yesterday afternoon by the explosion of a small bomb, which he found near one of the large dump piles at the flying station. It is understood that the sentinel started to examine the bomb when it suddenly exploded, tearing away all the fingers on both of his hands and mangling his face as well as putting out one of his eyes. BOLT OF LIGHTNING FELLED BIG PLANE C. W. Lippold and Son Saw Fire Envelop Machine in Storm at Morgantown. THINKS 7 KILLED BY SHOCK Informal Feelers on Disarming Sent to Principal Nations. Special to The Washington Tost. Baltimore, Md., May additional deaths added late tonight to the toll taken by a bomb at. Aberdeen today. Those who died of their injuries, in addition to the two first reported, wore Corpl. Ray- mond p. Bohle, Private Ijee S. Hite and Ifcbert M. Hen-, a civilian. (By the Associated'Press) Two men were killed and 13 others injured, four probably fatally, by the explosion yesterday of a bomb at the Aberdeen, Maryland, army proving grounds during the preparations for airplane bombing experiments, ac- cording to official reports telephoned the War Department last night by MaJ. William A. Borden and Capt.' Claudius H. M. Roberts, special inves- tigators sent from here to report and ascertain the cause of the explosion. Two Privates Dead. The dead are: Private Allen A. Shermer, Four- tenth squadron, air service. Private E. H. Grlnnel, of the same organization. Capt. Joseph E. Hall, air of New Hai en, Conn., was said to be not expected to live. He was wounded severely about the eyes and face. First Lieut. Carl G. Eliason, air service, of Hagerstown, the re- port said, was expected to recover. He received a deep muscular wound on tho right side just above the hip. First. Lieut Lewis R. Reese, quartermaster corps, of Md., also expected to recover. His thuftb and fifth finger of his right hand had been removed, the advices said, and it was probable that the fourth finger would also have to be amputated. Private Samuel WelnstocK of the Thirty-fourth ordance company, suf- fered a punctured lung and.was not expected to recover. Others May Not Recover. Privates L. S, Kite of the Four- teenth squadron, air service; D. Blezlns, of the same organization; Charles J. O'Neill, of the Thirty- fourth ordnance company, and Ed- ward Jarry, of the same organization, all were wounded and recovery reported to be doubtful. Robert M. Herr. a civilian employed as proof director at the grounds, was to be suffering severely from the shock of the explosion and it was pos- sible that one leg would be ampu- tated. Privates S. P. Maace. Forty-seventh ordnance company; L. J. Titlow. of the Thirty-fourth ordnance company, and Private Baymond F. Bohles, of the same organization, were less se- Oerely wounded and, the reports said. wore expected to recover. None of the homo addresses of the enlisted men was available hore last night. fo Make Thorough Inquiry. Neither MaJ. Borden nor Capt. Rob- erts attempted In oral reports last night to fix tho responsibility for the explosion. They they had been unablo to ascertain tho full facts of tho disaster but would make a thor- oueh Investigation before returning horo. They wore .directed by MaJ. don, Clarence C. Williams, culof of ord- nance, to submit all Information that mljfht throw any light upon the Inci- dent. He ordered them tier-Aberdeen from here by .airplane upon receipt of flrst reports ot the explosion. According to other reports, how- ever, a 50-pound bomb rolled from the airplane and was struck by the rudder as the plane swung around, Causing tha explosion. Bomb to Be Used in Test. Tha boat was one being used by the army air service in connedtlon with tests preliminary to the Joint bombing experiments to tya carried out off the Virginia capes In June and by army and navy. Report stated that three bombs 100 pounds each, and one H-rijrhlnir BO pounds, had been load- urmn BU ftlt'plBne for tents. Aft plane about to nUrt UH Plunge Downward Followed the Orders Inquiry. Funerals of the Victims. A terrific bolt of lightning, flashing out of a storm-darkened slcy and literally enveloping the huge Curtiss Eagle plane near Morgantown, Md., last Saturday evening, caused the accident that resulted in a loss of seven lives, according to a statement by Charles W. Lippold, 447 Newton street northwest, who, with his 11- year-old son Charles, witnessed the accident. Mr. Lippold says there was not a air along the surface of the ground at tho time, but that the stortn was brewing and the.great flash that seemed to strike the plane ushered in the storm proper. "We -were driving to Point Look- said Mr. Lippold, and we had a blowout near Morgantown, Md., which is on a high peak. We were chang- ing- a tire on the machine, when my son. who is greatly interested in aeronautics, heard the approach of the big plane and called my atten- tion to it. We stood and watched it for some distance, the sky, in the meantime, growing darker and darker with the approaching storm. Illuminated Whole" Heavens. "Suddenly there was-a great flash of lightning, HJumjnatlng the whole heavens, and seeming- lio envelope-tjife big plane.-; TOo Could 'floi :npthing, equrse, watch, and we saw the Kfgat airship, stricken, 'tjnji'.on onB side and plunge "The storm' broke about .the. same instant, and' -we. 'haatene'd Leonardtown, eight or ten'' miles1 away, where we speiit the' night; Many people in'that section saw the crash, and we ail felt sure that the men were although, to the formation of the country, it would have been next to Impossible to have gotten through with a.rescue, party. "The rain was torrential, and there was no road through to them that was passable. We supposed, ot course, that the accident had been re- ported to Washington, and were, much surprised on our return' here to find that it had not reached the pa- pers until Sunday." Willing to Testify. Mr. Lippold, said he had made no report to the< War Department, but was perfectly willing to tell what he had seen. Capt. B. S. Wright, whoxwas also in the storm that wrecked the big Eagle plane, said yesterday that while he felt sure that the wind had caused the wreck, that it was possi- ble that lightning had-caused it. "We have learned to believe "that nothing is impossible in the air serv- Capt. Wright explained. Brig. Gen. William Mitchell, un- daunted b ythe fate of the seven fliers Saturday, flew' to Langley field yes- terday to continue inspection of tests being made there. Gen. Mitchell 'Js the first man to make this flight since the accident. No Blame on Pilot. Secretary of War Weeks yesterday took official cognizance of the acci- dent, ordering the fullest investiga- tion. Gen March, chief of staff, trans- mitted orders that the accident should be probed from every anglb, the re- port to form the basis for any further action decided upon by the War De- partment, t j Capt. William C. Ocker, Lieut. Paul T. Wilkins and Lieut. -Leroy Wolf, comprising the army board .of in- vestigation detailed to report on the accident, submitted thdlr report to MaJ. M. Seanlon yesterday, the re- port entirely exonerating Lieut. Stan- ley Amos from blame. The full re- port will be submitted to MaJ. Gen. Ci T. Menoher. Burial of Lieut. Ames. The first of the funerals, of the victims of the crash, that of Lieut, Amos, was hold yesterday at 2 o'clock from St. (John's Eplm'.opal ohurcli, Pull military honora wore1 accorded tho body, which transported on a calHBon from Walter Road honpltal.-tfc, the church and thonco to Arlington, where UWBB burled. Oapt. Vornon T, Scott and Llouts. Courtney Whit- noy, Leroy Wolf, Talcott Smith, Clay- ton Shangraw and Theodore Van Beghtnn were pallbearers. Funeral services for Sergt. Richard q. BIuemnkraiiE will bo hold at Arlington cemetery today at 11 o'clock, 1- Funerals of the Others. Services for A. G. Batchelder, of the. civilians killed In the acci- dent, will, be held this morning at 11 otclock at Gawler'B undertaking establishment. The Rev. H.. G. B. Pierce will officiate, The body will be shipped to Buffalo and later taken to Mr. Batcheldor's home ,at Utlca. N. T. The body of formeV live Maurice Connolly, of Iowa, hag IIPOII shipped to hit) home at Ibwo. ArrangtimQiitB Cor Bonding the bod- leg of Lieut. ttt'DcrinuU to hlg father, at SjTaeiige, N, Y., and Lieut. M'dl to his fittliei- at Oliver- City, N. IIHVB been ,mtttle, Harding Expected to AQapunce His Selections Tomorrow. TEAGLE AND P10Z FOR President of Standard Oil May Chairmanship of Marine Body, if He Will Seeks to Settle on Man for Governor of Talks on Rail- roads. By HARHY N. FRIGE. (Copyright, 1921, by The Washington Pnt Co.) II is probable the President will make announcement tomorrow of his selection of the members of the ship- ping board. This was indicated yes- .terday at the White House after-the meeting of the cabinet. Mr. Harding lias been, deeply concerned over the personnel bf this important board. It has beenx one of the most, difficult problems he has had to deal with, but it is understood he is reaching a solution. Two men--are under consideration for the C. Teagle, president of-the Standard Oil Company, of New Jersey, and Charles Piez, of former head of the Emergency Fleet Corporation- -Mr. Teagle, It is said, will be named if he can Una his way clear to accept. The choice- lies between him and Mr.. Pie'z., Another appointment problem the President has .-had under considera- tion for several weeks- is that of gov- ernor of Alaska. Mr. Harding, is greatly interested in the development of that Territory, as-he has said .-on numerous occasions. For Governor of Alaska. -Both, the President and Secretary of the Interior Fall have sought to bring about a harmonious under- standing among the various Interests in Alaska in the hope that a man resident of Alaska might be appoint- ed, but there has' .been such a bitter contest; H is likely the President will eventually go outside, and the man most frejJBently a-prob- ability Is: Scott fonder news- paper publisher of Seattle "and more recently publicity "for the national committee. 5Frani -official, administration quar- ters" the knowledge informal being made ;tp' leading ineir. toward arma- ment: iriqirirleSj-' it are-quite'aside from tne tions contained in the Borah ment to the naval appropriations'.bill, recently adopted in the Senate- and the consideration of the subject by. the allied council in whose-dellbera- tions representatives of the _ United States are taking part'to-a. limited .extent. Many American diplomatic representa- tives in the different countries are sounding out' these to learn their attitude toward a 'reducr tion of armies and navies which may lead to virtual disarmament and if real sentiment develops; among them for a curtailment of arms- definite diplomatic procedure is to_ be ployed to bring this about. Naturally the attitude of Great Britain and Japan is sought most eagerly, but the Informal inquiries are being extended to other countries such as France, Italy, Brazil and the Argentine republic. The tiott. view is that If disarmament is to be accomplished it must be' through the cooperation of all the nations in the world, straightforwardly and-hon- estly, in order that there may be complete confldenceMn'the action. There never has been any doubt as to the position of the administration with reference to curtailment of army and navy expenditures., Saving of millions of dollars In .such .expendi- tures be .welcomed, provided all the" nations of the World agreed to the curtailment .program upon ari equalizing basis that that would prevent domination by any one of them. i May Go to Allied Council. The carrying out .of such a scheme have to be worked out in the utmost detail, as each nation has its own-.peculiar problem which has to be considered. .One of the reasons for tho desire of. tho American government, to par- tloliato In tho deliberations the allied council was tho .understanding that the council Intends to take up the subject of disarmament.. The participation of tho United States, however, will be unofficial, and while this country will not bo In a -position to make definite ,tp the .other. powers, there Is'reason to -be- lieve', that the result of the in.formaj how being- made part of, States will be laid before the 'allied 'council for Its in- formation, President Harming has made It clear that he to, the Sen- ate expressing Itself on the'subject of .disarmament, but It is understood that the adoption .of the Borah hit Ion played Ih the tentative step that the administration hak Railroad BittutiOB Strenuous days appear to hive ho effect upon the President's -aetlvltieit, i'eUBlved rniimW of eHllsfg before lit went Into the <mbl- Food Poisons 25 Students Fourteen of Georgetown Medical School Re- ported in Serious Condition at Hospital. Other? Treated at Bread Pudding or Canned at Sunday Night's Supper Wf Twenty-nve- studehts, members of the. class; of Georgetown Medical .school; .'residing at Phi Chi frateVnlty' house, 2009 N street northwest, were stricken" early yesterday, with .ptomaine fourteen were taken to the George- town, university hospital in a serious condition. Their condition had" im- proved last nght, but physicians at the hospital refused to definitely state that they were out of danger. The other-eleven students, w-ho re- side at, the house, were treated by physicians from the hospital. Some were able to resume their studies in the afternoon. Canned food eaten by the students at their supper Sunday evening is believed been the cause of the Students Seriously 111. Students w.ho were removed to Georgetown hospital and are in a critical condition are Earl edes, 22 years of Geneva, N. Y.; Joseph Schanno, 22 years old, of Jamaica, N. Y.; John Madaras, 21 years old, J.; John Lynch, 22 year.s old, Hartford, Gonzales, 19 years old, Ho-boken, N.'J.; John Liee, 22 years old, Orange, N. J.; -Thomas 22 years old, Tuxedo Park, N. Y.; William Fitzgerald, 22 years old, Troy, N. Y.; Henry Dillenmuth, 23 years old, New York city; Charles O'Brien, 23 years old, Hartford, Conn.; John Mahoney, "A old, Pittsfleld, Spencer Wise, 22 years old, Washington; Robert O. Neill, 22 years old. Providence, R. I., and Led Kelly, 22. years old, Brooklyn, N. Y. The students'who are in a serious condition, at the Frat House, are Jo- seph Murray, 21 years old, Bayonne, N. J.; VincentjCasy, 21 years old. New York city; Joseph Ruvane, 23 years old, Jersey City, N. J., Burns, 21 years old, Tonvpkinville, Conn. Dinner was served at the Fraternity house Sunday evening at 6 o'clock. Shortly after of. the ject, to Howard N. Kenyort, first class. Maury prize, marine binoculars, presented by the United Daughters of the Confederacy for excellence in physics, to Kenneth J4. McLareff, third class. Gold medal for excellence in small- arm practice, to Pierson B. Conradt, second class. For (Excellence in Athletics. Naval Athletic ..association, sword, for personal excellence in athletics, to first-class, "v. Thompson trophy.cup for persons! promotion of athletics, Edward F. Moore, first class. Thompson binoculars, for Inter- class sailing, to Franklin C. Johnson, first class. l; Gold mfldftl for falls championship, Ai J. Becker. Silver medal for saber champion- jjhlp, A. I. Malstrom. Silver medal for canes champion- ship, J. A. Stuart. i Silver medal for dueling award championship, G. P. Hunter.' Gold'medal for personal excellence Ih track athletics, T. A. Hucklns, Gold medal for personal axoellraoe In gymnastics, J. Bi BearBon. Gold medal for swimming cham- pionship, O; D. Emory. Bronze medal for highest batting average, V. Stubbs. ohf.Jplonshlp, J, B. Waldlloh. Tennis championship, J. Waidlich anij 'A. General exo.ellenee, class track meet, T. Medals academy field and- track records: M. Moncewloz, B mile; T.: A; Hucktwr, 130-yard hurdles; J. H. V.- C. Olapp, javelin .throw; j. ople, high jump; H, F. Eullen, high lump. The First Ten The first ten members of this Veaf'a graduatinsr class In the order; ofichol. fkuf Clement P, Obtton, fflullforrila; William, it, Rrybraad, Iowa; DashUll L, Madeira, Florida; Barl, liTK notn William J. Murphy, David W-iHobertd, Oftjopadoj Blnter button, New Tei'ki Wlllliun Mi U-BIUU BliM'ftlleflrl, in Face of New Comproniise Agreement HERE Benson; Dayis and Unions Ready to Efforts to fend as Already and Has Be- duced the Amount of American Goods In Native Vessels. By GEORGE H.OTHWELL, (Copjijpht', 1921, 6y The Washington Post Co.) WUh conditions in the American shipping industry becoming steadily more, critical, and. especially so with respect to the vasf government-owned tonnage, President Harding's efforts to settle the marine strike met with another failure "yesterday. The bene- ficial influence upon the whole labor problem which -was expected to flow from the settlement is still a hope for the future rather than a tangible actuality. While Secretary of Labor Davis and Benson, chairman of the shipping board, were assembled at the department with leaders of the unions and all preparations .were made for the signing of tthe new com- promise agreement which had been discussed with, the President on Fri- day night, Ship Owners association in New York refused ta agree to its terms or to recede from the position' previously taken. Threatens Further Tangle. When.'wqrd of this rea'ched Wash- ington the government was con- fronted by -the possibility of settling the strike so fir as the shipping board vessels are concerned, but hav- ing It conttne on all the private owned vessels'in the ocean This would have had the effect of virtually -uniting the government and the striking unions in a war on about one-half of the active tonnage actual- ly afloat today under the American flag.' It would have precipitated a struggle for supremacy on the sea, .nb-ti.betweieri the ATnerjcan merchant marine: and foreign fleets, rbut between, two classes of American eflually engaged in. and handling the deep sea the concessions to j recognize the. unions was; disclosed in a telegram to jne'-'yesieriay %afterno.on from Win- thrbp L." vice president and general manager W the association. Snip Owners Stand Firm. 'It read: "American- Steamship Owners' asso- 'ciation in general .meeting this aft- ernoon unanimously voted to appr6-ve entire action of its .officers and com- mittees on wages and working con- ditions aboard ship in strike of ma- rine engineers, sailors, firemen and stewards.- -This has theweffect of con- firming wage- arid working rules jointly declared May 1 by the asso- ciation and the- shipping' board. Ship owners: made their cgmflromise when they -agreedi; with tht itoard to make wage reduction 15 and not .26 per cent, and believe no further conces- sions possible." Similar Information also reached Secretary Davis at the Labor Depart- ment about 6 o'clock last night. At that hour, the principle national and district leaders of thq marine neers' unions were in conference with and had been in joint con- ference which also included Admiral looked for Settlement. There were still "some differences to be smoothed out. The union spokesmen insistent upon the inclusion of a clause in the agree- ment guaranteeing the return to their positions of strikers whose places had filled by others. Nevertheless, the. expectation at the department, was- that, all remaining differences, of a trivial character, would be settled and that the agree- ment would be signed at once, in writing, by Admiral, Benson and the union ..leaders. Admiral .-Benson re- turned to the department at 6 o'clock, and 'a negro messenger was scurry- Jngf, about looking for some of the depart goJ4 seals. Presumably the agreement was fixed up In. style.' Everybody, was that the long-drawn-out fight was over. And then' something happened, Ad- miral Benson left In 20 minutes, without signing the agreement. It Is understood that he telegrapnefl the shipowners laet 'night and that they will hold meeting In New Tork today, But from the of telegram to The ?ost, It would that the -de termination of owners, Is firm not to recede ana not to recognize the .unions.- Board Has Idle Ships. This leaves the government in a dilemma, for a number of. reasons, one Of which Is that the position which the -private owners are now Inslatlng upon iBthftt.iOrlglnally taken by Ad- mlrtl Ihifaot the bhelrman of shlpplhg board brought the pri- to that position. Of the IpflbO.OOO toni ot bourd hot- to'mBi about toni are In; hBrDflri, up, hot HOui'ee of hlit ft' oftUievBf t w- n --l'' charter, and the private owners have almost as great a torn age. i -By putting additional tonnage into sefvice it might be e spfeced. that the shipping board could valje owners to-com< th pr i to bat this, would lead to a vrar by the. ship- ping Am srican merchant marine ds own d and operated by private capital. "hat the unions would seize this oppo war on the private sh tunity: to make ipping with the backing of the gc vernment frankly stated to me their; leaders. Owners Believe Stjrike Broken. -But even If the gov thus to exert its fore might fail. Heye that is QJhey are manning at their ships. While th .Woujd be lower, becai ise of. the com- plete elimination of the -'government scale that the greater stab ment in the would enable them ta k-eep a great part of their men. Ob would compel the sh operate at greater cost, and the ad- vantage of competitiof Would be with the private owners. It is estimated thit the marine strike has already c< st a total of Its contii ous alike to the whcle shipping in- dustry, to the government and to the of its amicable basis of a 15 wages would be labor readjust- ment, including that which is unions. The influence settlement upon the per cent reduction in beneficial to the whoh come in the railroad last night- by rnment desired the -maneuver ate' be- already, broken, least a .p4rt of eir scale of pay, overtime, than they .declare lity of. employ- owend service Mously.also this ppirig'board' to uation is ruin- industry. The unions now feel that tine private own-. era, operating about one-half of the American tonnage, anS having an al- most equal amount ur bent upon the uteer d ganized labor on the der charter, are struction 6f or- high seas. The leaders left last night's unsuccessful conference in belligej-' Marine Trade Meanwhile the trac United States their com- merceT Before the 'iraivsonly S per cent of American exp board gave the average of 12 per cent, and the same source estimated the annual re- duction in wages at approximately a Day for Section Men. The decision grants reductions varying from 5 to 13 cents an hour, or from 5 to 18 per cent, and in the case of section laborers completely wipes out the increase granted that class of employes by the wage award of July 20, 1920. for section men the reduction was ap- proximately IS per cent. Switchmen and shop crafts were given a 9 per cent reduction, while the train serv- ice men were cut approximately- 7 per cent. Car repairers were cut about 10 per cent. Common labor pay, over which the railroads made their hardest fight, is :to be reduced 6 to 8% cents -an hour, cutting freight truckers' average monthly and triick laborers to .J77.31. This new schedule gives section men in- average daily wage <Jf hour day, although considerable testimony, 'jfc fered by the roads, particularly in the -South, showed common labor wages as low as JI.50 for. a ten hour day. Foremen's _P-ay Gnt. Shop crafts; employes and train and-engine service those in passenger are. reduced S cents an hour. Construction and sec- tion foremen are reduced" 10 cents an hour. Passeng-er and freight engineers who were given Increases of 10 "to 13 cents an hour by the 1920 award aro to be cut 6 to S cehtsyan hour respec- tively. Passenger and freight conduc- tors, who-received Increases of to 13 cents in 1920 are cut to 8 cents respectively by the new schedule. Train dispatchers and yardn-laster.s whose monthly earnings at Dresen'. average to are cut 8 cents an hour. The smallest reduction apply to office boys and other employes under 18 years of age, who will receive 5 cents an hour less after July 1. Clerks Are Reclassified. Clerks are reclassified so that en- tering clerks, usually young: men ami women of 18 to 20 years of age, W4J1 receive a monthly salary of fpr the first six months and for tSc second six months of service. Clerks with less than one year's experience now receive A new monthly schedule for ffoat- ing equipment employes on ferries, tugs and 'steam lighters gives tains, engineers, firemen and oilers, On' lighters and barges, cap-tains will receive engineers, to and mates, The attitude of the railway unions toward the decreases ordered remain to be determined. The big brother- hoods are expected to. meet here July 1 to consider the board's decision which is effective on that date. V" Claiming they were hard hit by the, winter slump In business, railroad managements have been clamoring for several months for lower wages and the decision tomorrow will mark the first relief granted by the .board since it set the advanced scale more than -ten months ago. Stress Lower Cost of Living. The decision tomorrow'will say thit since the 1920 wage award, "there lias been a decrease.'; in the- cost 'o'f "the scale of wages for similar kinds of work in other indue- tries has in general been decrease'd." These two points were the chief con- tentions of the railroads before board.' Testimony.was the hear- ing which'began April 18' and ended May 16, to show reductions of 20 to 60 per Cent. In the cost'6f food'and clothing. Varying in mostly for cited by the board the .decision' eayjs, "that, based on .the elements-tthowA, the decreases fixed as justified ana os tocoyo PAOII, i-Wniti H I Wit. ttuii,