Sunday, August 1, 1920

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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - August 1, 1920, Washington, District Of Columbia Member of tfco Auocuted fteu Auoclited Pren Is exclusively entitled to tbe -aw npubllcttioa of alt newi credited to it or not otfcerwlM credited a piper and atoo the local news jraMUbed herein. The 'wuhtaKton Post U a member of the Ataoclated Prett, receiving the compute at the greatest newa-gatherlng organization. NO. DAILY AND SUNDAY ENTERED AS SBOOND-CLAS3 MJ.TTEB poaioxmea WASHINGTON. D. o. WASHINGTON: SUNDAY, AUGUST 1, 1920. -etay; BOft quite so warm; tomor- row teirV LC.C. GRANTS RAILWAYS IN RA TES; OFFSET WAGE ADVANCE ines and Railways Included. EAST IS HARDEST HIT New Tariffs Go Into Effect on Five Days' Notice. FOR SOUTHERN ROADS Advanced About One- Wrd, Passenger and Milk Rates One-Fifth and Pullman Charges Spend Part of New Revenue on Equipment, Commissioners Say Eastman's Desire for Continued Operation of Roads by TT. S. Criticized. (By the Associated Press.) Authority for the railroads of the country to Increase their revenues approximately one billion and a half dollars was granted yesterday by the Interstate Commerce Commission Freight rates will be advanced about one-third, passenger fares one fifth and Pullman charges one half Steamship Lines Also. Coastwise and inland steamship Whes and electric railway companies also were granted permission to in- crease their treight rates in proper tion to the increases granted to the railroads serving the same territory estimate of the aggregate amount to result from these advances has been made. The new rates, which are to con tmue in force until March 1, 1922) will become effective upon five days' notice by the carriers to the com- mission and the public and they must be in operation before January 1 Since the government RATE DECISION IN BRIEF in- from crease on freight rates. from increase on passenger fares. from increase on Pullman charges. from, increased excess baggage charges. Eastern roads receiye ap- proximately Western roads, Southern roads, Per capita tax on increased freight charges alone is 912 a year for every man, woman and child in the country. Freight rates advanced one- third; passenger and milk rates one-fifth; Pullman charges one-half. Freight rates advanced in East, 40 per cent; in South, 25 per cent; in West, 35 per cent; Rocky Mountain-Pacific terri- tory, 25 per cent. Total valuation of railroads as estimated by the commission and over which increases based, as es- timated by the railroads, New rates effective till March 1, 1922. Always sub- ject tf> readjustment. roads received approximately 14 per cent less thjan they had requested In connection with the increase for the Southern roads the commission said that the financial condition of those carriers was more favorable than that of the lines in either of the other groups In view of this condi- tion the commission held that they were better able to meet the demands upon them than some of the other companies and therefore did not r< quire as large an increase Must Better Equipment. The increases here authorized said the rommission, 'are intend< d to yield the additional one-half of 1 per cent of the aggregate value of the roads, to make provisions for improve- ments, betterments: and equipment chargeable to capital account The e record leaves no doubt as to the needs _ L. -4-of the country for additional expires September 1. the Carsiwo.aw I portation facilities. All carriers expected to bend every effort to put the advances in effect by that date Offset Wage Increases. Increases granted by the commis- sion are designed to offset the participating in the increases will he expected {to make appropriations for additional improvements, betterments, or equipment of a character charge- able to capital account and to make report to us semiannually showing what portion of the increased reve- nues resulting from the increases here (ton 000 wage advance awarded" by the authorized has been devoted to that railroad labor board and to provide the 6 per cent net income on the ag- gregate value of the railroad proper- ties as permitted under tbe transpor- specifically that they needed imme- diately at least 100 000 freight cars art Tie aggregate value of 2 locomotlves and 3-000 passenger purpose This one-half of 1 per cent will ap- proximate The commis- sion said that the carriers had stated all the railroads at, estimated commission at Jig 900 000 000 as against a. book value ot 000 given by the carriers The 20 per cent increase in passenger fates excels hagsaRe charges ana millv transportation rates and the 30 prr i ent surcharge on Pullman fares authorized bv the commission will be general the country over freight late increases will vary according to territory with 40 per cent in the I.ast per cent in the South 3i pet cent in the- is from the Mississippi River to the Rocky -j per cent in the mountain Pa the cast of the Rockies to the Pacific coast, not including Maaka Calls Advances Justified. The commission in its 36 page de- cis on made no attempt to compute tjif1 amount of increased revenues the c irr era would receive by reason ot the rate advances It did say how ever that the increases were justi- fied in view of the, rapidly changing conditions to prices and the ne- essity fo" providing adequate trans- ortation facilities during and after the period of readjustment From figures submitted to the com- mission by the carriers when their applications for the increases were made, it was officially estimated that the apportionment of the advances wouli work at about on freight; on passenger, 000 on pullman on milk, and excess baggage charges. "Near Billion for Eastern Roads. On the same calculations, the East- ern roads would get the greater part the total increases, receiving ap- proximately 930.000 as compared with the Western lines. Including thoae in the Mountain- Pacific territory, and for the Southern carriers The Increased charges on freight alone were estimated as equaling a levy of per capita per annum for every man, woman and child In the country, basing the nation's popula- tion at IOMOOOOO tor recently made by the census bureau. Mouthertt Oet The Im'reaaes in passenger, Pull- man and baggage rates were those asked by the roads, (or the eastern roads, 11.01 for the Western roads, and for, the roads, the total estimated to The JBastern roads thus were granted .18 of 1 pec. more than they sought; roads eppVoaii jmcfet, but Oar' passeng coaches These are to be paid for out of this fund and out moneys ad vanced by the commission and bor- rowed by the carriers The commission went at some length into the qu stion of aggregate values of the roads as well as their financial conJitiorl and said Statement by Commission. e conclude that increases as in- dicated next below may be made by all steam railroads subject to our jurisdiction serving the territory em braced in the groups hereinafter des- ignated 1 All passenger fares and charges may be increased 20 per cent The term passenger fares may be con sidered to include standard loczft and interline fares excursion convention and other fares for special occasions commutation and other multiple forms of tickets extra fares on limited trains and club car charges 2 Excess baggage rates may be increased 20 per cent provided that where stated as a percentage of or dependent upon passenger fares the increase in the latter "will automati- cally effect the increase in the excess baggage charges A surcharge upon passengers In sleeping and parlor cars may be, made amounting to 50 per cent of the charge for space in such cars such charge to be collected in connection with the charge for space, and to accrue tg the rail carriers SO Per Cent More on Milk. 4 Milk and cream are carried in passenger trains and the revenue therefrom is not included in freight revenue Rates on these com- modities may be increased 20 per cent The conclusions of the commission as to general freight increases was stated as follows "We are of the opinion and flnd that the following percentage increases in the charges for freight service, in- cluding switching and special serv- ices together with the other increases herebefote approved would under present conditions, result in rates not unreasonable in the aggregate under section 1 the transportation act and would enable the carriers in the respective groups, under effi- cient and economical management, and reasonable expenditures for main- tenance of way, structures and ments, to earn an aggregate annual railway operating Income equal, as nearly may be, to a return of B% per cent. Upon the aggregate value for the purpose! of this proceeding ot railway property of such carriers held (or and. used In the service of trans- portation and one-half of 1 per cent in addition; group, 46 per oent) Southern group, 93 per cent: Western group, so per oent, and jnountaln-Paoliie group, II per eeivt." to RcadjuBtaMnt. deelslon o{ the commission, whlah was unanimous, summed up as follows i "Most of factors with which we are dealing are constantly ehang- tag. It is Impossible to forecast with any degree of certainty what vol- ume of trafllo will be, The general prioe level Is changing from month to _____and from dfcy V iw- practicable at time to adjust all oi on Individual jties The rates to be established on the basis heretofore approved must necessarily be subject to such read- justments as the fact may warrant. It is conceded by the carriers that readjustments will be necessary. It is expected that shippem will take these matters up in the first instance with the carriers, and the latter will be expected to deal promptly and effectively therewith, to the end that necessary readjustments may be made in as many instances as practicable without appeal to us." V. S. Operation''Injected. Government operation of the rail- roads was brought into the rate case by Commissioner Eastman, whdt in an opinion, in which Commissioner Woolley concurred, disapproved the method used by the commission in arriving at its conclusions. Commis- sioner Eastman's position, declaring; that he ''injects Unta this case large political of governmental policy which are nowhere in issue here Commissioner Eastman expressed regret that Federal control of the roads was not permitted to continue at least until after the readjustment period. Statment by Eastman. It was my hope" he said, "that Federal control might be continued, because it was evident that the transi- tion back to private operation would create additional disturbance in a time of unsettlement and unrest, that existing railroad facilities could be made to do work and meet more nearly the transportation needs of the country under unified control than under the control of many sepa- rate companies, that the additional facilities which are so greatly needed could now be provided Jnore easily and more economically by public than by private capital and that disturb- ances resulting Irom both rate in- crease and labor difficulties could be reduced to a minimum if the govecn- ment retained direct responsibility for the roads Commissioner McGhord in his reply, said CONTINUED ON SECOND PAGE MINERS IN 2 STATES ORDERED TO RETURN m Farrington Declares President's Message Is Victory for Men. TO GET ADJUSTMENT Resume Work in Illinois ana In- diana Fields at to Call Conference. Springfield, Ills, July 31 (By the Associated Press) waiting for the order of International dent Tolm L. Lewis to reach any of the striking miners in Illinois, State President Frank this afternoon steped in- with a command of his own, ordering them all tb re- turn to work Monday The strike ends W4th a great vic- tory for Illinois' miners said Presi- dent Farrington "the pledge of Pres- ident "Wilson that a scale committee be caled and wage inequalities ad- justed, satistfi.es the miners' demands Word that the strike was to be ended was dispatched by President Farrington <o Secretary of Labor Wilson The telegram Continuing our etforts and acfcept- ing in good faith President Wilson's announced pledge that he would con- vene miners and operators in Joint wage Scale conference as soon as mining operations are resumed, I am today issuing telegraphic instructions to the president of every local union in Illinois instructing them to notify their members to return to work Mon- day morning or as soon as posaibl0 thereafter Railroads brought down to a day's -supply of coal have annulled nearly 11 freight trains through here, and also have in prospect curtailment of passenger service This strike has brought a new record of coal short- age to Illinois liewis Telegraphs Orders. Indianapolis Ind July mine workers in Indiana and Illinois today were ordered back to work by President John L Lewis, of the United Mine Workers of America In a tele- gram directed to every local union in the affected districts, he instructed immediate meetings be called and steps taken to get the men back to work The telegrams directing the men to return to work were sent out from national headquarters of the mmers this morning In his message to the local unions, Lewis repeated the telegram he re- ceived las.t night from President "Wil- son insisting that the miners return to work and thus demonstrate "their good faith in keeping their The President said when the miners returned he would invite( the joint scale committee of miners and opera- tors to reconvene for the purpose of adjusting any inequalities in the wage scale agreement signed March 31 at New Tork. Impressed With Fairness. Lewis today acknowledged Presi- dent Wilson's message of last night. He told the President he was im- pressed with the fairness of his sug< and informed him of the tele- that had been sent to looat un- ions ordering them to return to work. Lewis' telegram to tha President foltowsi t herewith acknowledge receipt of your telegram Of July 10 dealing with the state of confusion Misting In Industry In Hates of Illinois and Indiana. I am Impressed fairness of your suggestions In and today tolograpHtd all local of itatoi their men to return to work, Offtolali at tha national ters said they expected little leeted lUtl WftJMfef? COX CLEH LEAGUE Will Make His Position Plain on August 7, White Declafes. MEETS HARWNQ'S CHALLENGE Chairman Asks if Johnson or Taft Views Are Those of the G. 0. P. Confers With Senator Owen, Who Afterward Points Oat That Cox Stands Progressivism, Citing Governor's Cox's Fight tor Initiative and Referen- for Suffrage. By AXuBERT W. KOX. I (Copyright. 192d, by Washington. Post Co.') Before leaving for New Tork yes- terday, George White, chairman of the Democratic committee, replied to the renewed challenge of Senator Harding for a statement of the Democratic stand on the league of nations. Mr. White promised that Gov. Cox would make his position on the league per- fectly clear on August 7, and the chairman turn tables on the Republican nominee by asking just where the Republican party stood on this issue. Mr. White, in discuasing the ques- tion with the newspapermen day, said "While I do not intend t6 be dragged into a newspaper controversy with the Republican nominee, I might remind him that Gov. Cox in his speech of ac- ceptance on August 7 will dispose of all questions in a plain fashion I "But as long as Senator Harding has got to this question, it might he interesting to the country to know whether the Republican party's stand on the league is that represented by Senator Hiram Johnson or that repre- sented by former President William Howard Taft." Deserves Vote of Thanks. The first part of Mr. White's state- ment is regarded as important, be- cause if Gov. qox really outlines his position clearly on the league he will admittedly deserve a vote thanks from all Democrats who for months have been mystified by developments on this question. The fear has (beeTi that the gov- ernor would jiot take a definite stansl or apeak plainly, but would seek .rather to please all- factions by in dulging in thai kind of generalities which could be interpreted as sup- porting President Wilson's uncom- promising stand, and at the same time supporting the position of those Democrats who absolutely disagree with the President. At present the Democratic party is split on the treaty Issue. There are some who support the President's demand for the covenant and all that it implies, and who are willing to sacrifice anything and everything for this international issue. t Ther% are others "who reserva- tions safeguarding America before accepting the covenant and "who do not feel that this internationalism is as important as domestic issues em- braced in the Democratic platform, No single Democrat is on record as willing to go so far as the President went when he declared that America should willingly sacrifice part of its sovereignty for the covenant or when he said the league "Is greater than the government Conference With Owen. But one minority group of faithful followers has sought to give support to anything the President desired on tbe league while another larger group has reluctantly given such assistance to the President as might be had without, as these Democrats -Heved, endangering the safety and welfare of the American people Senator Owen, who had a confi- dential talk with Mr. WJifte yester- day, is a member of the latter group. He voted tor the Lodge reservations and is on record as believing that the President the greatest mistake of his career in taking the advice of foreigners on the treaty nstead of that of United States sen- ators. Before casting his vote for the Lodge reservations. Senator Owen pointed out that the Senate had given Its approval to the all-important Lodge reservation on Article X by a two-thirds to 26. "Besides he said, "at least eleven senators known to favor this reservation did not vote, making senators who are known to favor it, more than two-thirds of the Continuing later, Senator Owen said: opinions of the Senate, speak- ing -through a more than two-jthlrds vote, is entitled to respect. "J4r. President the Senate of the United under the Constitution of the United States is, jointly with the President, the treaty-making power, established by people of United Constitution IB the of the President 'He shall power, by and with and consent of ate, to make treaties, provided two- ot ''In the Interpretation siltutloa the of the fteiuUe In of the Constitution before treitfee, Cox WUhhoIds Comment on ACCEPTANCE SPEECH MAILED Address Comprising: Words to Be Delivered August 7. Democratic Nominee to Take Up Criticisms in Future Talks. Chairman White and Senator Harrison to Visit Marion This tieader Flays Golf After Bound of Hard Work. (By the Associated Freu.) Dayton, Ohio, July his address for next Saturday accept- ing the Democratic presidential nom- ination. Gov. Cox today sought recre- ation after his hard week's work and prepared to turn to other campaign affairs. Copies of the address tonight were in the -mails for newspapers to pre- pare for publication August 7. The speech comprises about words, according to estimates of Charles Morris, the governor's secretary, or something over a full newspaper page and somewhat in excess of the acceptance address of Senator Hard- Ing, the Republican candidate. The governor's address was printed in his newspaper plant here this afternoon He not read proof, turning that task to Mr Morris, but spent a showery afternoon on the golf links with Lee Warren James, president of the Dayton Chamber of Commerce. Receives Two Visitors. After turning out his speech, Gov Cox today received two visitors, Pror Irving' Fisher, of Tale, with whom he discussed economics, and Secretary Vandyke, of the Pennsylvania Dem- ocratic committee. The latter had Gov. Cox approve the list of Demo- cratic candidates for presidential electors in Pennsylvania, as required by a State law Gov. Cox today continued to with- hold any comment on the statement of enator Harding, charging the Democrats with seeking to 'obscure the league of nations issue and de- claring champions of the league, with InternatKina} interests. bthind the Democratic campaign fund. It would make no response before his address next Saturday and also'would continue his policy of refusing, through exchange of statements to the press, to enter into that sort of debate In his forthcoming speeches, however, the governcr's-advisers said he would not be backward in the fighting. Campaign Business Ahead. Next week the governor will dis- pose of several campaign matters, held in abeyance while he was en- gaged at his desk on his address, among these is a reply tq P P Chris- tensen, of Salt Lake City, theftTarm- er-Labor party candidate, regarding the request for aid in securing a par- don fpr Eugene V Debs, the Socialist candidate are also expected at Trail's End next week, possibly in- cludiBg representatives of the Ten- nessee Antisaloon League, who re- cently asked the governor for a hear- ing George White, chairman of the Democratic national committee, is ex- pected here late nexj week for con- ferences with the governor prior to the notification ceremonies. The spe- cial campaign committee of 15, it is believed, will be announced soon after Mr White sees the It Is understood that direct management of the campaign, under Mr White, will be in the hands largely of E H Moore, of Toahirstown, Ohio, Gov, Cox's pceconvention manager. Sen- ator Harrison, of Mississippi, chair- man of the speakers' bureau, and Wil- bur Marsh, of Iowa, treasurer Senator Harrison also is expected hero, next week to map out the gov- ning about August 15. Holiday for Notification. In preparation for Gov Cox's noti- fication, Mayor Switzer today Issued a proclamation declaring next Satur- lego.1 holiday. road have ar- to provide sleeping car park- cks, by clearing out freight, extra trains of visiting dele- _ expected. All such trains will be scheduled to arrive by o'clock next Saturday morning, an hqur and a half prior to the parade. quiet Sabbath tomorrow is plan- ned by Gov. Cox, including attend- nled by Mrs. Cox, and a motor or horseback ride or reading later. The governor IB to lengthen his stay here by remaining another week, Instead of returning to Columbus, as he had planned when he arrived here to get out his address, which left htm with a great amount of un- touohed correspondence and minor State business. to Pabliih Cox ami Harding Rtcordt Montgomery, Ala., July ll-r-pr. P. A. Of Antl. latoon League of America, said to- lay that of ap- pointed recently from that organlm- would August H fn and publlch roo, Democratic tickets, on Biiperlntendent Baker is chairman of the committee, and four of the seven of tiro body from _ Declares Mutual Essential to the Natiotu WOULD REVISE WAR Republican -Nominee for Action on Excess Profits Levy Richland County Neighbors First of Front Porch Delegations at Can- didate's Home Necessity of Clinging to Fundamentals Only Reference to TL e a g u Hearers Personal Friends. (By ike PreM.) Marion, Ohio, July 31 aside from the political issues that have been in the forefront of the campaign, Senator Harding took for ,the theme of his first front porch speech today a plea for solidarity of purpose and mutual good understand- ing among all classes and geograph- ical sections of the country Only a spirit of "commingling he said, could produce the full realisation of mutual inter- dependence necessary to attainment of the Ration's highest destinies. He pleaded that East, West, North and South and the Jealousies of class and selfish interest be forgotten In peace as they had been in war. In a passing reference to wartime taxation, the nominee declared the excess profits tax schedule should be modified to accord -with peace re- quirements and that he would not hesitate to ask Congress for prompt action to that end. He added, how- ever, that he was "not yet .prepared to suggest an equitable substitute" Serenaded by Four Bands. The speech was delivered from the porch of the Harding residence to a edlegatlon from Mansfield, in a neigh- boring Ohio county, which came up In marching order, and serenaded the candidate with four brass bands. In the crowd, which filled the lawn and overflows Into the street, were many known personally to the candidate, and they cheered.him as he held up their conception of neighborliness as a model for the nation. In a short address of greeting, E B Capeller, of Mansfield, told Senator Harding many Democrats were iA the delegation, and hundreds more in Richland county were going' to help "the boys and girls" of other coun- ties to carry Ohio and the nation for the Republican ticket in November After the nominee's response he came down the steps with Mrs Hard- ing, who had stood a few feet be- hind him during the speech, and they ahook hand for a half hour as the crowd filed by Opens Front Porch Campaign. Today's speech marked the formal opening of the front porch campaign, which is expected before the summer is over to bring to Marion many thousands of Republican voters Two more Ohio delegations are to be re- ceived during- the coming week, and two later dates already have been announced Referring to the excess profits tax in his address today, Senator Harding said- "We ought to make wealth bear Its full share- of taxation, and we ever will Having this thought in mind and also thinking of the excessive cost of living, I dotJbt if the excess profits tax for warp reclsely accom- plishes the end we seek In peace I would gladly recommend a change, but I am not yet prepared to suggest an equitable substitute, though should have no hesitancy in asking Congress to seek the'earllest possible solution The league of nations he did not refer to directly, but he declared the nation's "highest duty is to cling to the fundamentals on which we build- ed to world astonishment and hold .fast to the nationality which Inspired our onward march "I am that yeu came not only as Republicans, but as neigh- bors and he told his visitors "We 'need tp cultivate friendliness and neighborliness I sometimes think, in this busy, workaday world, we are neglecting those little acts of neighborliness that make life sweet and worth while. Recalls Heroic Pioneers. "1 feel myself almost a. part of Richlend county. Our people, in.the last century, settled in a sec- tion that bounded by Richland and Crawford counties, and I recall distinctly the (Stories of my great- grandmother, who related to me how she had often gone wltfc one bag of wheat while the men were busy In the f'elds, and the cries of the wolves were a frequent ac- companiment to the wearied home- ward journey. That was hi the when heroes were without fame's ao- oUim, -when a sturdy manhood and womanhood were battling with the to teveat Ohio to the of empire, westward marching. "Rome tlmei X am accused ot ttvinr in tin past, but, frankly, I find the of their making of Ohio very favotnatlnf, and drink- now inspira- tion In reoalllmr the path! they trod and the they wrought. The mlraolk In developing America hai It a. leiioni, and emphasises tlon to bold (ait to all ehe advance- ment they made, and to on securely afrwe to be. "I eould multiply enamplen of your fellow olttaeni worthy of mention did permit, But I ihouJd fall utterly my duty to hie mtmory and to his great achievements did t not mention that great statesman, John Sherman, of of the Republican party. For years he helped to write the glorious record of publlo in statute law and the-cabinet. No man to our public life has rendered more distinguished or valuable services, than Senator Sherman. FtttenUt? Society's Heed. "The esooeial Uid-qabt in my mind Uttay is Interdependence the omtuality of internet of all our people. could underwrite the rood for- of mankind If he could guaran- tee la prcwpvritr that common is bora of adversity. Pilgrim Fathers laid their eternal foundations of new-world liberty In grim necessity, and the ssjibe spirit, tha same concord, the same mutuality followed every plo- owriflr the development of tha Polkb Oross the tendency to class conscious- ness la a product of developing tor- tunes, and Is both reflex of ment and a menace to maintained progress. We must caution against class distinction and class conflict at every step. "We cannot promote agriculture alone, because the factory is neces- sary to .making of a market. We cannot foster the factory and Ignore agriculture, because tha far mis oar base of food supply. "There is no living today or to- morrow according to the standards of yeeterday. Every normal is looking forward. collect more Federal taxes In one year than the Intire wealth of the republic a cen- tury ago. Only a little while ago our grievances about taxes were wholly local, because a half century of Republican control of the Federal government held -us from direct burdens. But tbe changed policy, the Democratic drift to freedom of trade which is international rather than national, and" mounting cost of gov- ernment and finally war burdens turned Federal, taxation to a coloSsa burden. Readjustment Present Aim. "No one seriously complained while the national crisis hung over us. but we must work a readjustment for stabilized and prosperous peace We ought to make wealth bear its full share of tax burdens, and we ever will. Having this thought in mind and also thinking of the excessive cost of living, doubt if the excess profits tax for war precisely accom- plishes the end we seek in peace though we do not disagree about the CONTINUED ON SECOND PAGE DR. MANNIX SAILS; VALERA REMAINS Brawls and Cheers Mark De ure of Prelate for Ireland. part CROWD STAMPS PIER GUARD Irish President Boardi the Baltic Retmni Baton loner Defends Course. New York, July 31 (By the Asso- ciated Press) Daniel J Mannlx, arch- bishop of Melbourne and outspoken advocate of Irish freedom, tonight was many miles at sea aboard the liner Baltic, steaming eastward toward whatever fate awaits him Ireland his native land a visit to which has been forbidden him by the British government on hie journey to Rome to see tire Pope His friend and fellow countryman, Eamonn de Valera, "president of the Irish who was suspected to be planning to accompany the Aus- tralian prelate, was left behind Raised on the shoulders of a great crowd of Irish sympathizers who yelled themselves hoarse in tribute to their two leaders after engaging in a series of savage fights on dock and ship with opponents fit their cause the "president watched the great ship being towed into mid stream and, from afar received i final benediction from the venerable prelate, whose air of calm brought volley after volley of cheers from sympathizers ashore Trouble Starts Early. Hours before the ship sailed, men women and children carrying Ameri- can and Irisn flags and signs mock- ing Premier Lloyd George, assembled at the The prelate was forced virtually to flght his way through the throng 1.0 get from his automo- bile to gangway Theu trouble began An English- man standing on the upper deck hurled a taunt at the archbishop In a second husky longshoremen climbed up the sides of the ship surrounded the passenger and pum- melled him Only a cordon of de- tectives, with revolvers pressed into the ribs of the fighting huskies, brought rescue to the Britisher This was the most spectacular of a series of brawls. Every insult to the Irish republic was met with a punch, and, there was many a sore head when the day was over Customs Guards Boshed. Ordinarily only tbose who have passes from the American cuatoms authorities are permitted within the fenced inclosure around the gang- way on sailing days. Today, however, the friends of Archbishop Mannlx de- fied customs and all other regula- tions. They rushed from their feet the regular guards and were" all but on the ship. Only prompt prepara- tions to lift the gangways prevented many of the enthusiastic demonstra- tors from actually getting aboard Suspicion that De Valera would sail with the archbishop ran high- until just before the ship moved out. Es- corted by his the Irish 'president" stepped aboard the liner more than an hour before sailing time and took place with the prelate. A dozen special detectives mrrounded the archbishop snd a number escorted him as far as Sandy Hook, returning by pilot boat. MaaaJx Defends Course, Shortly before satlias; the arch- bishop Usued a statement in which lie said that he had been "represent- ed In certain as a promoter ot strife." He deolered that he really was worklnr for the In Ireland, Intlde and outside the British empire. He itld the peace he hoped for "is a peace not on force, but on luitloe and the free win of the people Ke Mid he bellered Ireland ti a nation ai Belgium U and AM tke same right M that to say ybat form of government the should htve, rad added tnat If the IrUh people are rightly struggling tp be free 'they have, tone claim to look to me for something more than tolerant and barren sympathy." Dl varan Plan ARMY WILL PUSH ATTACK Into Bolshevik Front Germans Disarm Poles Who Flee Into East (Prussia Ask Allies to Help Them Send Troops to Fron- HaUer Given High Command by French Polish Counter-Attacks Continue. (By Ajuwelated Press.) Warsaw, July SI. The Polish mili- tary delegates who left Warsaw at o'clock yesterday morning crossed the front lino at 8 o'clocH tonight Premier Wltos was informed at 9 o'clock that the delegation has estab- lished contact with the bolshevik delegates on the road between Brest- Litovsk and Baranovtchy. Doable Dealing Suspected. Paris, July 81 actually under way according to advices reaching here but, it is said, the action thus far has been restricted to the routine preliminaries Meanwhile, although Moscow wire- less messages filed in plain language apparently ordered the cessation of fighting by the soviet armies to coin- cide with the beginning of the armis- tice meeting, it is asserted in French quarters here that a secret code wire- less order from Moscow gave instruc- tions to tlie soviet commanders to keep pushing Uieir offensive violently This alleged secret order is declared to have been by the French code experts at Warsaw It is as- serted it Informed the soviet com- manders that the bolshevik negotia- tions would delay handing over the armistice terms until August 4, and that meanwhile the armistice nego- tiations were to be conducted in a routine manner Germans Disarm Poles. The crossing of a Polish detach- ment into Carman territory where it was disarmed, is reported by Le Jour- nal in its late edition, tonight. Tbe detachment, which crossed to escape pursuit by Jtnsalan cavalry, entered Bast Prussia to the west of Schlneeryn the newspaper states The arms car- ried by the Poles were taken from them by the German police yBoJshevik cavalry forces have ad- vanced to the Bast Prussian frontier. according- to a report from the French military mission in "Warsaw to the French foreign office. The bolshevik line extends from Suwalki, 50 miles northeast of Grodno, more than 60 miles to a point almost directly north of Warsaw The bolsheviki have not actually crossed the border Marienwerder but with the Germans New Menace to Warsaw. Tlie northern wing of the bolshevik army now is menacing Warsaw di- rectly from the north as well as from the easu Bolsheviki now are mil 0 southwest of Bialystok The allied ti oops in Allenstefn ami Marienwerder, which are mostly French, will be held there until situation clears, although their p'eb isclte duties have been completed Gen Romer, commaader of the t irst Polish army, which Buffered most se- verely in tbe vital region northeast of "Warsaw, has been relieved and Gen. Joseph Haller has been supreme command of the northern group of armiefc The advancement of Gen Haller who commanded the Polish divisions in France and IB French trained is he flrst step in the reorganization of the Polish army which was begun by the Anglo-French mission yesterday Northern Front Broken. Warsaw, Thursday, July 29 (By the Associated Press, delayed Tonight s Polish communique in telling the story of Wednesday's fighting, an- nounced that the soviet forces had Broken through the northern front in. the region of Ossovetz, and that their cavalry patrols were headed in the direction of the fortress of Lomza The counter attacking in the hope ot regaining the Grodno- Ossovetz line Germany Wants More Troops. Berlin, July 31 The allied troops n the plebiscite area, according to a semiofficial communication, have been withdrawn from frontier. In view of the increasing difficulty of tbe sit- uation, the government has asked the of the peace conference in ?arls to reply to Its recent note seek- ng permission for Germany to take necessary to maintain rallty on the eutern frontier, as the Orces there now are not sufficient 'or proteotlon. The arrival of additional Polna .roopi and their stay In the eastera area, it pointed out, might lead o undesirable consequences, and entente has been asked te place shipping at Germany's dlipoial n order to facilitate transport ot her troops. of Atlenste and are fraternizing Atlanta, Oa., July Oev, Hugh ML Dormy today announced hli eandli dacy.for the United mates, lenata Hoke Smith already has beef announced far reelection and V. Watson, publisher and author, also s seeking the nomination, the three candidates will oppose each other iir primary election tteajer IS. w JIM