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Washington Post Newspaper Archive: September 24, 1918 - Page 1

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   Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - September 24, 1918, Washington, District Of Columbia                                ________Or THE ASSOCIATED PBE8S. Tie AMoetoted FIWM is azclutmly entitled to the for publication of nnra dicpatahM-credited to it or not atfaenriM credited in this and also the local published herein. Die U the only moninc ia WMhiacton that U a member of The Auodated PnM, the complete of the world's greatest news-Catherine organization. Weather Fair, wanner to- day; tomorrow fafr; gentle south and southwest winds. Temperature imum, 7O; MiiTifaniim, 42. NO. DAILY AND SUNDAY. ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTEK POSTOFPJOE, WASHINGTON, D. C. WASHINGTON: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, PAGES. COFYBIGHT, no. BY WASHINGTON POST co. TWO CENTS. BULGARS IN FULL RETREAT; SERBS CUT RAILWAY LINES BEHIND ARMY FRENCH HOLD OISE ABOVE LA FERE Enemy Evacuates Doiran Front. BRITISH TROOPS ADVANCE Italians Also Dash Ahead Seven Taking 16 Villages. SERBS SPLIT BULGAR LINES I'rogre SMIIR 4O Miles Since Sept- tPinbor 1O, They Threaten .Hostile I 'orr-es With Complete Disaster. KnK'ish Forces Moving on Mrz- Ijinje of Kara Oghlu- lar and 1O.OOO Prisoners and ISO Guns Taken. Cavalry Miles From Bulgar Front. Official Reports AMERICAN Following is the second section, of Gen. Pershing's communique for Sunday, received here yesterday: "riection following de- tails have been reported of re- pulse of one of the enemy raids re- ported in the communique of Sep- tember 20: 'At 5 o'clock on the morning of September 20, an enemy combat party of two offi- cers and 100 men, armed with -six heavy and two light machine guns, and preceded by 15 minutes' artil- lery preparation, came from Damp- itoux to the crossroads southeast of Champ-Fontaine farm to estab- lish an outpost, locate our front line and identify our troops. Our artillery barrage, quickly regu- lated to a concentration fire, scat- tered the enemy and inflicted cas- ualties. Our infantry captured three prisoners and one heavy ma- chine gun. Our only casualty was one officer wounded.' (By the Associated Press.) London, Sept. 23 (8 p. Between the Vardar River and Lake Doiran. on the eastern end of the Macedonian front British troops have reached the line of Kara Oghlular and Hamzali, and are advancing on Mrzentsi. on the west bank of River Vardar, according to an official statement issued this evening by the British war office. As the result of Ihe heavy pressure of the entente allied forces the enemy have evacu- ated the whole line from Doi- ran from a point west of the Yardar. The Serbians have captured be- twcent and prisoners and 120 guns, the Evening Standard says it learns. Serbian troops have cut main railway line between Uskub a'nd Sa- loniki and are on the western bank of the Vardar River, according to 'he Serbian official statement of Sun- day Advance 25 Miles in a Day. VV st of the Vardar the Serbians cut 'he railway line to Prilep, h 13 the main line of German 1-ornmunicat.ion in this region. Serbian infantry units now are in the moun- tainous regions, and advanced 23 ,nles in one day. The number of pris- oners and the amount of war mate- rials captured increases daily. Tlu n-isfhboring- German and Bul- sectors now are feeling the 'fiss of their communication lines. En- my reinforcements have been forced to retreat. Since September 13 the Serbians ruiAe advanced 40 miles. Big Gains by Italians. Rome, Sept. Italian troops 111 Macedonia have advanced an aver- age of more than 7 miles in pursuit of the Germans and Bulgarians, and Kave taken sixteen villages, says the report from the war office today. The height of Mount Bobishto. 10 miles northeast of Monastir, has captured. and the Italians have if ached the Ine Chairli-Dobrushvo- Musa Oba. The Italians have taken numerous prisoners. The statement reads- "fn Jlaoedonia we are overcoming- resistance of covering- parties and the difficulties of the terrian. On Satur- day nig-ht we continued the pursuit of the enemy -who is in retreat. At dawn, after an average advance of about 12 kilometers and the capture sixteen villages, we reached the ft wing- and the center of trie line of Chair! Oba and carried at the rigrht the strong- posi- tion of Mount Bobishte. We took nu- merous prisoners." Cavalry Near Frontier. Paris, Sept. 23 allied cavalry yesterday was three miles from the Bulgarian frontier in the region of Sy-unitsa, according to news dispatches received here today from the Macedonian front. The Eleventh German division -was re- ported to have been cut from the main Bulgarian army and to be retreating in disorder. The news dispatches gay the First Bulgarian army in the region of Mon- astir and Prilep has been cut off from communication with the Second army in the Bolran sector. The Franco-Serbian troops are pur- suing the Bulgarian army which is in full retreat. The entente allies now command the mountain zone from they -will be able to debouch in the plains. More Guns Brought In. Paris, Sunday, Sept. fol- lowing communique on the Salonlki front was issued tonight: "Eantern Theater, Sept. ing the day of September 21 the French and Serbian armies have" broken across the massif of Drache- rishko. Serious resistance Is being: Offered toy Bulgarian rearguards, BRITISH. London, Sept. Mar- shall Haig's headquarters' state- ment tonight says: "By a successful local operation this morning northeast of Epehy we captured a German strong point which had been stubbornly defend- ed for the past three days. "North of this locality a hostile counter attack in the morning succeeded in entering our positions at one point, where a party of the enemy is still holding out. Else- where the attack was repulsed." Day Reports BRITISH. London, Sept. Marsha! Haig-'a statement today rea.ds: "Successful minor operations -were carried out by our troops yester- day and during the night at several points. In the afternoon English troops captured a German strong point in the neighborhood of the Hensoy-ony rBoad, which had held out stubbornly all day, taking BO Later in the afternoon a hostile counter attack from the direction of Gillemont farm -was repulsed with heavy loss by our rifle and machine-g-un fire. "During- the night other English troops made progress in the direc- tion of Tombois farm after sev- eral hours' hard fighting, and far- ther north captured a group of strongly held trenches and strong points on the spur northwest of Vendhuile, taking a number of pris- oners. "JJuring- the nig-ht also over 100 prisoners were ca-pttired by us In a successful local attack south of Vil- lers Guislain. "East of Govrelle English troops made progress on a front of about three-quarters of a mile, capturing GO prisoners. "Karly last night the enemy at- tacked Berthaucourt under cover of a heavy artillery barrage and pene- trated our line at one point. An immediate counter attack by our troops completely reestablished the positions." FRENCH. Paris. Sept. text of to- day's statement follows: "In the reg-ion of St. Quentin the French troops continued their ad- vance yesterday evening- and last night. They penetrated the wood north of Ly Fontaine, captured the fort and village of Vendeuil and pushed on to the Oise. "French reconnoitering parties took prisoners north of the Alsno and in thp Champagne, in the di- rection of the Butte du Mesnil. Ger- man raids north of the Vesle an.I in the Vosg-es failed." ITALIAN. Rome, Sept. official statement reads: "Artillery activitj' was intense at along the Piag-e. There -was a harassing: fire at several points on the remainder of the front. In the T edro we drove back an en- emy patrol and captured an outpost. CONTINUED ON SEVENTH PAGE. Both St Quentin and La Fere Outflanked. WIN 3 MILES OF RHINE British, North of St. Quentin, Reducing Strong Points. HAIQ MEETS HARD GOING Wearried Germans Fight Desper- ately to Retain or Regain Ground Along Hindenburg Counter-Attacks Debeney's Men Capture Woods North of and Force Huns to Yield Admits English Success at Points. troops have progressed to the north of Vezaroi and Kavadar, and reached the Vardar in the direction of Ne- gotin and IDamirkaou. "The enemy has destroyed much property near G-tadsko and in the re- gion of the Vardar and Lake Dorian, where he has burned railway sta- tions, depots, munition parks and aviation supplies. The number of prisoners and cannon captured has been augmented. Serbian troops have taken one g-roup of mountain artil- 'ery complete and one battery of 103s. "Aviation forces continue to harass the retreating columns of the enemy. "On the eastern side of the Cerna bend region the enemy has begun to retire, and allied troops have taken Chaniste and Orle. "In the region north and northeast of the Dzena, French and Greek troops continue to progress with the Serbian armies." Bulgars Fighting Bitterly. Sofia, Saturday, Sept. 21, ,via Lon- don, Sept. flg-hting is tak- ing- place between the Cerna and the Vardar, while near Doiran the ac- tivity has diminished, according to an official statement from the Bulgarian war office today. The statement reads: "In the defile between the Carna and the Vardar bitter flg-hting is con- tinuing. Since the Anglo-Greek at- tacks of the last few days against our positions near Doiran -were re- pulsed with losses by our valiant troops, the fighting activity on this front has diminished in intensity. In the valley of the Struma patrol en- gagements took place in no man's land." Is a Great Victory, Paris, Sept. Universal success of the allies on the eastern (Macedonian, says a war office communique to- night, "is taking on the character of a great victory over a front of 160 kilometers (nearly 94 "Between Monasttr and (By the Associated Press.) With the French Army in France, Sept. 23 p. The French now hold the left bank of the Oise for more than half the distance from La Fere to Moy. Gen. Debeney's troops cap- tured the woods north of Ly- Fantaine last evening and his patrols went through Vendeuil to the Oise. Forced to Evacuate. The Germans had evacuated Ven- deuil under menace of being cor- nered there with their backs to the river by the French advancing to- ward the river in the region of La Fontaine. The French about the same time reached the quarries just north of Travecy, which completed the.conquest of the west bank of the Oise in that region. On Difficult Ground. Together with the formidable de- fenses erected by the Germans around St. Quentin, Gen. Debney's forces have reached the low marshy country of the valley of the Oise, which pre- sents enormous difficulties to any troops that might attempt a crossing north of La Fere. Germans Attack Heavily. "With the British Army in France, Sept. 23 (2 p. m.) (By the Associated continuous effects of the enemy to dislodge the British from their positions about Epehy, which gravely threaten the Hindenburg line, have resulted in hard local fighting with the odds in favor of the BritMn. The British troops have clung ten- aciously to their new defenses, the weary and weakened Germans keep desperately hammering at them. The engagements reported along the remainder of the front have been of little consequence. The Post Near Epehy. London, Sept. British have captured a German strong- point north- easr of Epehy, which had resisted for several days, according to Field Mar- shal Haig's report from headquarters tonight. British forces last night attacked the German lines between St. Quentin and Cambrai, opposite Le Catelet, making progress in the vicinity of Tombois farm and capturing a group of trenches and strong- points on the ridge northwest of Vendhuile, Field Marshal Haig announced in his offi- cial statement today. Another enemy strong point near the Ronsscy-Bony road, just to the south, also was taken by the British. A successful local attack "was carried out south of Villers-Guislaln. Counter-Attack Repulsed. German troops late yesterday coun- ter attacked in the vicinity of Gille- mont farm on the front between Cam- brai and St. Quentin, to the west of Le Gatelet. Field Marshal Haig's statement today announces the re- pulse of the enemy, with heavy losses. The northwest of St. Quentin the Germans penetrated the British line at one point at Berthaucourt during an attack. The position was rees- tablished by a counter attack. On the front between Arras and Lens there was a continuation of the advance movement in the neighbor- hood of Cavrelle. Southwest of that village Englishtroops made progress on a front of three-quarters of a mile. Paris, Sept. troops yes- terday and last night made notable progress in their drive for the encir- clement of St. Quentin. They pushed in far-on the south and captured the village and fort of Vendeuil, close to the Oise, 9 miles southeast og St. Quentin, today's war office announce- ment shows. From Vendeuil the French pushed on to the river. North of Ly Fontaine they penetrated the wood in the di- rection of Minacourt. Admit British Gains. Berlin (via Sept. 23. British forces to the east of Epehy, of Cambrai. yesterday ob- t in trenches, says the official statement Issued today by the German general headquarters staff. A slight, advance of the German lines west of the Moselle is claimed. (This is the American front southwest of Metz.) The repulse of strong detachments, which advanced against Haumont and elsewhere in reconnoitering opera- tions in this sector likewise is an- nounced. Reichstag Committee to Sit For a Week; Speech By Hintze it Expected Amsterdam, Sept. is likely that the main committee of the Ger- man reichstag, which meets tomor- row, will sit for a -week. It is uncertain, says the Tageblatt of Berlin, whether Chancellor von Hertling will make a speech, but it is certain that Foreeign Minister Hintze will do so. London, Sept. re- ports of a German political crisis arising from the supposed movement for parliamentarization of the gov- ernment are printed at greater or less length in the papers here and the sit- uation is watched with mild interest for any possibilities it may contain, the whole thing is mostly regarded as merely an integral part of the Ger- man "peace offensive." It is recalled that since the war borke out the reassembling of t reichstag frequently has been pre- ceded by an outbreak of excited talk in German political circles. The newspapers generally ignore reports editorially but the view -wide- ly taken is expressed by the Graphic which describes the discussion now filling German newspapers as a "strat- egem to lure the allies into making peace by depicting Germany as a de- mocracy." The inwardness of the move, the newspaper adds, is that Mathias Erz- berger hopes with the help of Philipp Scheidemann, the socialist leader, and his followers, to out imperial Chan- cellor von Hertling and secure the center of stage as peacemaker for Germany. "Allied democracies are led to be- lieve it will be quite safe to negotiate with a Germany parliamentary gov- the Graphic says. "The whole movement is clearly preparing the way for a resuscitation of the no- torious reichstag resolution in re- vised edition in the hope that the allies have forgotten how completely that shaw has been exposed." TURKS TAKEN None of Force of Likely to Escape Capture. TWO ARMIES WIPED OUT British Hold All Their Transport, While Seizure of All the Passages of the Jordan Cuts Off Escape of Remaining Troops Captured Guns Total 20O. (By the Associated Press.) London, Sept. thou- sand Turkish prisoners and 260 guns had been counted up to yesterday evening by Gen. Allenby's forces push- ing- north-ward through Palestine, ac- cording- to an official statement Issued today by the war office. The war office announcement says that the Seventh and Eighth Turkish armies have virtually ceased to exist. The entire transport of these two armies was captured by the British. Seizures by the British of the cross- ings of the Jordan at Jisr-ed-Dameer .on Sunday morning shut the last ave- nue of escape to the Turks west of the Jordan. The reports from the Palestine front this afternoon indicate that none of the Turkish forces of at least men trapped by the British through the seizure of the last of the passages of the Jordan can possibly get away. Entire Force Rounded Up. Virtually the entire Turkish force is or be accounted for in killed, wounded and prisoners. Hundreds of stragglers are being- found -wandering about in the mountainous country aimlessly, -without a leader or a pur- pose. The Turks had seven_divisions south of Nazareth and west" of the Jordan, but the exact number cannot be deter- mined owing to the weakness of some of the Turkish divisions, the to- tals different units varying. The total of prisoners reported, however, believed to be far less than the final count will show, as at last reports prisoners were still be- ing brought in. The clean-up effected by Gen. Alien- by, which is pointed to here as the quickest and most complete of the en- tente war, is counted as having defi- nitely deprived tho Turks of Palestine. In addition, besides the personnel of their army, the defeat has cost them an itnmense amount of war material. So far as is known the Turks on this front only had four airplanes and these four have been captured. Last Door Is Closed. The text of Gen. Allenty's statement reads: "Having seized the passages of the Jordan at Jisr-ed-Dameer cm the mofhing of September 22 the last ave- nue of escape open to the enemy west of the river -was closed by our troops. "The seventh and eighth Turkish armies have virtually ceased to exist. Their entire transport is in our hands. "By 8 p. m. on the 22d pris- oners and 260 guns had been counted. Many prisoners and much material remain to be enumerated." ITALIAN FRONT GROWING ACTIVE Rome, Sept. artillery fighting along the Plave and scattered bombardments elsewhere on the Ital- ian front was reported by the war office today. French troops penetrated deeply into the'Austrian lines east of Slsernol yesterday morning, destroy- ing enemy defensive systems, inflict- ing heavy losses in hand-to-hand fighting and bringing back more than 100 prisoners. British patrols brought back pris- oners in raids north of Asiago. An enemy outpost was driven back in the Ledro valley. Two bostito SUV TERROR Fresh Attempts to Kill Soviet Leaders Reported. REPRISAL THREATS MADE Bolshevik Chief Signs Death War- rants Without Reading. Widespread Slaughter and Appal- ling Conditions Reported by Rugi- Consul General Still at Depart- ments Had Knowledge of Documents Showing German Con- trol of Lenine and Trotxky. (By the Associated Press.) Amsterdam, Sept. at- tempts have been made to assassi- nate members of the soviet govern- ment In Russia, and as a result there will be fresh measures in reprisal, says a Moscow dispatch received here. Former Officers Shot in Cellars. of wholesale slaughter of representative people and former officers because they are "dangerous to the soviet" are told in further ac- counts reaching the State Depart- ment of the reign of terror in Rus- sian cities. All persons coming out of Russia to bring reports of the exist- ence of appaling conditions. One de- tail is that the former officers are shot at night in the cellars, the guns being muffled with silencers. One Peters, head of the bolshevik extraordinary commission against counter revolutions, is said to sign death warrants without reading the papers. Allied Consuls Still Held. x The latest reports indicate that the British and French consul generals in Moscow are under arrest. American Consul General Poole is at liberty and permitted to visit his colleagues. Mr. Poole today's report says he is being generally praised for his cour- age and vigorous action. No Answer to Lansing. The State Department has had no answer to the message sent last Sat- urday to the allied and neutral na- tions In an effort to bring a universal standing against the terrorism of the bolBhevikl in Russia. Secretary Lans- ing said yesterday that action may result from the sending of the note without any direct response inasmuch as some of the neutral nations, at least, have representatives in Moscow and Petrograd and through them may bring pressure to bear upon the bolshevik leaders to put an end to the reign of terror. It was noted in offi- cial circles that the message did not mention the bolshevik! by name. Vouches for Sisson Documents} It became known yesterday that the State Department for eight months prior to their publication had full knowledge of the documentary evi- dence of German control of the bolsheviki recently made public through the committee on public in- formation. Secretary Lansing made it plain that from the fact that the department had not made the docu- ments public it not to be inferred that there was any doubt as to their authenticity. AMERICANS RAID HUNSATHAUMONT One Unit Pierces Vil- lage, Taking 20 Captives. "With the American Army in France, Sunday, Sept. 22 can troops raided the enemy lines In the neighborhood of Haumant vil- lage in the center of the new line across the St. Mihiel salient, last night. They captured 25 prisoners. One unit attacked Haumont itself. It had sharp fighting in the village, tak- ing 20 prisoners and killing and wounding some forty more Germans. The prisoners were members of a Jaeger battalion formerly stationed at Metz. American patrols have discovered enemy trenches and a machine gun emplacement south of Dommartin which Is in the line. The enemy continues work all along this front. Berlin (via Sept. 23 (Uni- ted of a strong American attack yesterday on a front of more than five miles between Hau- mont and Rembercourt, was reported by the German war office today. Artillery fighting was Increased on the -whole front bet-ween the Lorraine heights and the Moselle, the state- ment said. Afterward the Americans advanced in strong force toward Hau- mont, and south of Damptivoux (a mile east of Houmont) and Rember- court (five miles east of They felt their way to the German po- sitions -where they were repulsed. German troops advanced their lines slightly ust -west of the Moselle. With the American Army In Lor- raine, Sept. 23 (Universal A German army order signed by Gen. Kylander. which has fallen into our hands, complains that his troops have been robbing American prisoners of their watches and rings. The docu- ment threatens severe treatment for soldiers caught-committing, fluolvtaefta. SPAIN YIELDS TO Accepts Gift of Seven Interned Ships as Compromise. QUEEN MOTHER INTERVENES Germany Agrees to Spare Graft En- gaged in Spanish Trade. Present Fails to Compensate for Loss of SO Per Cent of Alfonso's Mercantile Marine Impossible for U-Boats to Keep Promise to Respect of Nation Involved. By FIliSON YOUNG. (Special Cable From the London Times to The Washington Post.) (Copyright, 1918, by the Public Ledger Co.) London, Sept. 23 (By messenger fjrom San Sebastian, Sept. more the Spanish government has found an apparent way out of its in- ternational difficulties by following the path of compromise apparently the contradictory messages in regard to the results of negotiations with Germany, which have reached you in the course of the last three weeks, truthfully reflected the course of the deliberations, influenced by German bluff on the one hand and by Spanish dislike to facing an unpleasant sit- uation on the other. The first reply to the Spanish note took the form of an expression of willingness to discuss it in a friendly spirit. The second was a refusal to accept the seizure of German tonnage as compensation for Spanish ships torpedoed. The third and last stage was reached at a meeting of the coun- cil held yesterday. I understand that on the personal intervention of the Queen mother, whose influence in Ger- man circles is considerable, the Ger- mans offered to hand over seven of their interned ships and also respect the Spanish flag on the sea, provided it is flown by ships exclusively en- gaged in Spanish trade. lakes Edge Off Spain's Note. This is a very different thing from the intention so firmly expressed in the Spanish note. Making a present of seven ships is quite another mat- ter from having the ships seized In proportion to the losses suffered. Moreover the undertaking: to respect the Spanish flag is most perfectly In- sincere. "What German submarine dare approach a craft flying: the Spanish flag, when, if the ship proved to be carrying cargo for an English of-French port, she would im- mediately open fire on the submarine in order to save herself from being sunk when the submarine discovered her destination? How the number seven was arrived at, seeing nearly 30 per cent of the Spanish mercantile marine has al- ready been destroyed, it would be hard to discover. The whole pro- posal is framed in the interests of Germany, who in this case, it would appear has enlisted the queen mother in a course of negotiations, which, however well and patrioti- cally intended on her part, an no one will accuse her of being urged by any but the highest motives, cannot in the long run but be disastrous to Spanish interests. King Understands Situation. It is impossible to believe that King Alfonso has been overruled by his political advisers for he at any rate must be aware that Spain's fu- ture prestige and place among the nations depend on her capacity to take a bold clear line of action even at the eleventh hour. With almost certain knowledge on the one hand that the definite carry- ing out of the terms of their note would involve them in trouble with with trouble in Morocco, possibly consequent to a revolution in Spa-n, and faced on the other hand with a purely negative attitude on the part of the allies, what is the Spanish government to do? Remem- bering the determination to keep out of the war at all costs is the one thing on which Spanish opinion is solidly united, what can they do but make their protest to Germany, trust- ing the allies to back them and, fail- ing that backing, to take refuge in such indignity as they can or what- ever compromise Germany is willing to concede. BRITISH FLIERS BOMB AT METZ Governor Visits Region to Inspect Damage By American Guns. LoVidon, Sept. of the British independent air force dropped nearly 16 tons of bombs on German air dromes and on blast furnaces In the Metz region on Saturday night, it was officially announced today. The blast furnaces attacked were those at Hagendingon and Robbach. Four enemy airdromes were bombed by the raiders. Paris, Sunday, September governor of Alsace-Lorraine visited Metz on Thursday last "to inspect tho damage caused by the long-distance says a Havas dis- patch from Basel today. The gover- nor's purpose also was to visit the injured in the hospitals, the message stated. Dispatches from the American front to the Associated Press Saturday night emphasized the fact that there nad been no bombardment of Metz, al- though the tt tukve been under flre, and oeottHaaaUy on in in, Baku, Captured by Turks After Two Fighting, Suffers Fearful Outrages (Special Cable From the London 4o The "WaBUngton Post.) (Copyright. 1818, by the Public ledger Co.) Stockholm, Saturday, Sept. Petrograd telegram of Friday states that the entry of Turkish troops into Baku is, in government circles, con- sidered a. flagrant breach, of the Brest-Litovsk treaty. The message states that according to the testi- mony of eyewitnesses who have ar rived from Baku, the town was de- fended for two days in a desperate struggle by the inhabitants, prin- cipally the working classes, who finally succumbed before the superior numbers of the Invading forces which included Turks and Kurds. The town was finally captured on September 16, when scenes of mas- sacre and the popu- lation suffering fearful outrages from the pillaging Kurds. The town buildings and naphtha works were set on flre and the material damage was considerable. GOAL BINS HERE FILLED More Fuel Stored Than Ever at This Season, Say Dealers. ANTHRACITE MAY GO HIGHER Prices Now Range from to But Advance in Miners' Wages Will be Reflected in Charge to in Population Adds to Problem. Local dealers are encouraging in their opinions concerning the coal sit- uation in "Washington and the ap- proaching winter. More fuel is safely stored in District cellars than ever in the history of the city. A wholesaler who distributes close to 20 per cent of the anthracite used here. Bays that 40 per cent more coal has passed through his yards than he had handled at this time last year. He is of the belief that there Is three times more fuel in "Washington cel- lars now than ever before at this time of the year. It is true that "Washington is pay- Ing more for coal than it did last year, but the dealers say that criti- cism because of this should not be directed at them, if at anybody, for they are selling at prices fixed by the government on margins of profit strictly regulated by the same au- thority. for Cheapest Anthracite. The cheapest grade of anthracite, and the great percentage of small home furnaces use that kind of coal, now costs Washingtonians about ?10 with the price running up to over Jll for the various grades. There is no basic price that can be. readily quoted and the selling figures of the dealers vary. This is largely due to the differential allowed by the gov- ernment between the product of the so-called old-line companies and the independents. The independents are permitted a price differential in their favor of 75 cents a ton. One dealer may han- dle only the coal of the old-line com- panies, although only one of these companies is now shipping into Washington in any large amount. The prices of this dealer will be 75 cents a ton more than those of his neighbor, who handles the coal of the independent companies exclusively. Prices May Go Higher. Other dealers handling both kinds of coal must average their prices in between the two extremes, depend- ing upon the amounts of each kind. Although the price is high now, it may be higher. Anthracite mineri are demanding increased wages. If this demand is granted it must, of course, be met by the consumer. There has been a 90-cent jump in price with- in the past two months. Sixty cents of this was due to an increase of that amount In freight rates. Thirty cents of the raise was merely putting hack into effect the summer reduction of that amount, which was handled this year in a different man- ner than heretofore. In previous years, at the beginning of the coal year, April 1, a 50-cent reduction was made, which was taken up 10 cents a month during the following five months, the object of the reduction being a bid to the consumer to get his coal In during the summer months when the coal establishments would otherwise have been idle. Heavy Summer Deliveries. This year there was no occasion to offer this inducement, as every one who could get coal was ordering it. The cost of delivery and unloading, however, is much cheaper during the summer months, and for this reason, in fairness to all consumers, there was given a flat reduction of 30 cents a ton for the five months, instead of the sliding summer scale. In former years two-thirds of "Washington's coal supply was handled during the five months of the year least suited for delivery and only one- third during the spring and summer months, when delivery was convenient and much less expensive. Conditions are working toward the reverse of that condition, "which, coal men say, is greatly to be desired. Although there is a larger amount of fuel in Washington cellars than ever before, it does not mean that the city is entirely free of the danger of a coal shortage. Many More Cellars to Fill. It must be remembered, say the dealers, that there are many more cel- lars in Washington to be filled than ever before, and that many of the old houses put back on the market and opened for habitation will require more than the ordinary amount of coal for heating. The effort of the fuel administration to reduce con- sumption to two-thirds will help in this regard. Then, too, there is to be considered the nature of the winter. That of last year was exceptionally -severe. Whether this condition will repeat itself is another factor in the equa- tion, which makes prediction unsafe. On the whole, say the coal men, the situation is in splendid shapr They were flooded vXth c i1- .summer, due to the warnings of 'uel ad- ministration. Naturally these orders could not all be filled at once and many people became frightened at the although nothing could been expected la DRUFUOTTERY Details Perfected for Drawing Next Thursday or Friday. ASK WILSON TO PICK FIRST States Instructed to Wire of Serial Numbers Being Assigned. Order of Liability in Each Class Will Be Established, But Men in Class 1-A, Between Ages of 19 to 36, Will Be in Earlier in This Group Expected to Be in Military Service Early in October. By ALBERT W. VOX. (Copyright, 1918. by Washington Tost Co.) There is a strong probability that the 'great national draft lottery to determine the order of liability to military service of the men who registered on September 12 will be held before the end of this perhaps as early as Thursday or Fri- day. Provost Marshal General Crowder has sent out circular telegrams to all of the States to wire as soon as pos- sible reports showing that all of the draft boards have assigned serial numbers to the registrants. AH but eight States have reported on the total registrations. Complete sets of serial numbers in fact already have been received from all but a few of the States. If full returns are in by tonight the drawing may be an- nounced for Thursday. The drawing is to be held in the largest hearing room of the Senate office building. Ask "Wilson to Start Drawing. It has been suggested that Presi- dent Wilson draw the first number, but whether he will find time to offi- ciate is not yet known. If not, Act- ing Secretary of War Crowell will draw the first number. Large blackboards, each with space for holding 500 numbers, have been erected in the room. As the numbers are drawn from the bowl they will ba written on the blackboards and, after checking up for accuracy, the black- will be photographed to ob- tain original records of the drawing. The numbers will be typewritten on small slips of paper and inclosed in capsules. It is necessary, of course, that the numbece include the maxi- mum of registrations In, one the first drawn, clerks willTlraw out'the rest, working in relays. 30 Hours to Complete Jobfl About ten numbers a minute are ex- pected to be drawn, or about 600 an hour. Approximately 30 hours tfrill be consumed in the entire drawing. The first drawing- required 17 hours. The drawing will establish the or- der of liability in each class. In other men in deferred classes or men under 19 and over 37 will have their order of liability to service decided by this drawing. But men in the 19- to-36-inclusive class who are later classified in 1-A will actually be the first to be called before the local boards for examination for military service. Registrants In the class, for example, will have their order of lia- bility established by the drawing, but these will not be called before the boards until other classes are com- pletely canvassed, including class 2 men of the 21 to 31 age limit. Must Assign Serial Numbers. Registrants below 19 and over that is, those -who have had their 37th birthday before September 12-- wlll likewise have their liability to service established and will, provided they are classified in 1-A, be called before the boards for examination after the 19 to 36 class has been ex- hausted and a new call to the colors issued. It is, of course, important that all the serial numbers be assigned by the local boards throughout the States be- fore the national lottery can be held. Otherwise it would be theoretically possible for a local board to change the serial numbers after the drawing and put certain individuals far down the list of liability. Questionnaires in Mails. There is, of course, no suggestion that any such thing would happen, it is explained, but the system of opera- tion must not even admit of this pos- sibility. Questionnaires for the men Included in the 19 to 36 Inclusive call have air- ready begun to go out in Various parts of the country. In the Dlstritt of Columbia these questionnaires be- gan to be put in the mails last night. The classification of the will be made as soon as the question- naires are returned with answen. Seven days is the legal limit -which any registrant may have for answer- ing his questionnaire, but it la ex- pected that in the great majority of cases the questionnaires will be re- turned well inside this seven-day limit. 30O.OOO Men in October. It is expected that approximately 300.000 of the 19 to 3.6 inclusive clam can be assigned to the military serv- ce during the coming month. This is adjudged necessary to keep up a steady flow of recruits to the camps. This means selecting of A1 men after the classification. The necessity of maintaining a steady flow to the camps la linked with the general program of the War' Department to have men tm France by next June, in anticipation of the decisive blow which Gen. March firmly will break Ger- man and brine war to a REHiVE   

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