Wednesday, July 10, 1918

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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1918, Washington, District Of Columbia JUtHMBE OT XH3f AMOOSaSBB Pnw Is to f the mMioatta am tftteBM anfltot U It or OM 6 Strong positions have' been sfrrme 1 and it appears that the allies have been MKcrssful in turning the Austria: right -wing official state- ment from Home sav s that Italian ravalrv havn gained the Austrian rear and destroyed bridges across the Semini RIVPT parallels the Vo-vusa -where4 the attack was begun This marks an alvanre of about fifteen miles I-renrh Make Thrust. n -H. a t ET for the German h gh rrTa i n v 1 3 hand in begin- cn if tl allied for PS western front a TP. t opportunity to pprfext 1 s r p ts f r launching the at t p Lv s sector on tbp front in r t prp i jq been suckle" p -n T 1 IPS at least i 1 or dorable S J a 1 noi t h 1 itt pfleld ip t r a y i i Iu e Important (.lound alii ET the of Vntheu 1 1 I orte far t 1 S r" I en i ftrd the H repe ail a 1 thf i at i n. h the Th p n a 1 r tip In ph a v a t ak pn is in nor Q s in v anl i-i i" w h tip -1 i PI p r in ths pirt P bo i n P t Brit'.i font 'a T of o TI m e 11 the H 11 ainouncps that r pjlsed in frequentl> t e foirner region it north of 1 do s n The French i I is inere'v mention- a 1 l, rman statement h '.ever attacks in >t prets and Chateau r were repulsed by the Mile Is Scored t I Prpnch troops early t on rr n aft irkpl the German lines nl o t- ab jt 2 es of t t ree: on of the, t tho r pnch i" reased their ij. anl Iditional Anthcu! ri t1 font didier anl O penetrating the ene- inv p siti 13 a d realizing- an advance of a. milp it certain points the war of- fice anno today German counter attack upon the :Fren< h the Log-es farm in the area c f tins advance was. repulsed the French entirelv maintaining their gains Prisoi v r i to the number of 450 i n ol i d i n e; 11 o In th Betz for gains of prison British Catrj Out Raids. London J i operations carried out last night bv British troops In thp rPErinn rf Vrras netted a few- prisoners the uar office announced to- day South of the -orrne the Ger- man artillery has been dlsplayinr activ- ity in bombarding the positions recently captured bv British forces there Continue Albanian Drive. Rome July D allied offensive in Albania is continuing, the war of- fice announced todaj New progress has been made along the left wing, on the Adriatic Coast, the land forces being assisted by British monitors. The Italian infantry captured the town of Fieri and took important heights More than prisoners were taken in the advance Italian cavalry flanked the Mala- castra ridge north of the lower Voyusa, between the western slopes of the ridge and the getting around into the Austrian rear destroy- ed bridges over the Semini River to the north Form Buffer State in Siberia ._ Effort to Saw Russians, Is Urged by Japanese Statesmen Dr. Takahashi Declares Japan's Duty fa Rescue Nation for Whose Collapse She Is Partly Nation Would Be Refuge for Oppressed Slavs and Halt Hun "Slaves of (Special Cable From London Times to The Poit.) (Copyright. 1918, by the Public Ledger Co.) Tokyo, Thursday, July 4 the title "Japan's Duty to In the July issue of Taikwan. Marquis Okuma s new monthlv Dr t Tsikahashi, professor of International law and ciples, are in reality proving them- selves slaves of the Germans. If they had not feared that allied action would throw the Russians Into the arms of Germany the allies would not have left the Leninites untranrmeled in their ac- tivities "In my opinion to save Siberia from member of the house of peers, deals j the existing chaos is a duty Incumben with the subject of Siberian interven- on Japan In 1904 Japan defied Russian tlon, and most comprehensively urges aggression successfully and achlevej the duty of Japan to save Russia be- her aims, but the bullet went farther cause Japan defeated the Russians a decade ago, and Is probably reoponsible for the present war sntuation. owing to the exposure of Russia's weakness Takahashi was among the nine university professors who recently strongly advocated active intervention In the course of developing his views he that statesmen and publicists who do not consider the imminent danger of the present situation ignore ,the far- reaching influence of German activities n Europe and continues Germany to Extend Grip. Sooner or later Germany will hold a part of the Asiatic continent in an iron prip Sho is now concentrating than originally intended. The defea exposed the Russian weakness to the world, especially to the kaiser, whose Moroccan stroke an instance o his knowledge and his contempt for Russia which hitherto had been con sidered an ominous menace behind Ger many. Austria's annexation of Bosnia is another example. In the eyes o Germans Russia had become only a scarecrow Coljapse Due to Japan. Thus the present collapse of Russia may be said to be the result of the Rus- so Japanese war, hence our great duty is to rescue her from the present peril Furthermore when we think of the her on the western front and j danger tnrougjl slberia whlch threat- thts is why she Is not giving full at- tention to her Siberia program In Japan optimists generalize on this as a transient phenomenon, and nothing is more dangerous than such blind faith Lenme s- followers, despite this declamation of purelj academic prln- ens Japan's danger from a nation far more efficient and much more to be dreaded than ever was Russia under the old becomes our rifjht to intervene in Siberia CONTINUED ON FOURTH PAGE FOOD STRIKES ON RHINE German Troops Called Id to Curb Rioters. PEOPLE WANT WAR TO END Population Depressed and Htis Aban- doned All Hope of Winning War. Glad Hospital Ship Wa.s Sunk. Dutch Thief Returns to Prison Rather Than Live in Gei-nwiny. Special able From thr London Times to Thp Poit fopiMKht 191S by tho Public Co I ondon July Times corre it The Hapue undei date of lulv b tells etories by Dutchmen re- turning from Germany of food strikes m -v uious towns of the Rhmelind also of grrp-it daniage to the famous fortress of I-hi enbreitbtein opposite Coblenz in air i mli One Dutchman reported there are manv thousands of German md frequent arrests in cafes Thf1 correspondent writes Prefers Dutch Prison. V Dutchman present with t p om of a Dutch criminal who ai- m Germany yesterday This man, "When the passengers threw out scraps of food the Auatrians made a rush and devoured it ravenously They declared that the government was giving- them only enough food to keep them from actual staivation. Dr. Baine Among Passengers. Mi Majer and Dr Breckenridge Bainr, of "Washington, were the only Americans among the 175 passengers from Roumania. s The Included the Italian and Serbian Ministers arid Roumanian officers and clvijia Journey from Jassy to Berne occupied four davs. No hostility was shown by Austrians or Germans and <here were no demonstrations The train was in charge German colonel and the passengers were per- m.tted to leave the cars at various sta- tions, where always an Austrian armed gua r1 was p-eccnt No attempt was D idc to draw blinds in the passen- ger cars or curtail the customai j pi iv- Neges of travelers Few Farm Workers Seen. The Americans were most impressed by the almost complete absence of workers in the fields and on the farms in Austria At a station between Or- sova and Budapest a. 'mob of about a ho-ndred Austrian soldiers and civilians attempted to board the train and were only put off at the point of a- pistol Some of tnem were endeavoring to reach home, others were trying to reach points where food wab A Geirmn major at one station told the Americans that the Germans were to whom he said he had spoken per- not taking America's entry into the war sonally was a thief and fuglti.e from serjousiyj because they knew that not more than American soldiers "were in Fratice "The United States is not suttlciently interested in the war to sen 1 over a gieittr )e s.iid OONT1N UED ON THIRTY PAQB. Dutch justice The prisons of Holland are reputed to be places whei e disci- is severe but this man who fled from Holland weeks ago to es- cape punishment returned from Ger- mans in order to undergo it declaring he would rather do six months hard labor in Holland than enjoy such free- dom as is allowed in Germany His pass was marked, 'Returned to Holland in rag-s My informant said the man pi esented the most pathetic er beheld and was about to report himself to an officer of justice in order to trndergo punishment He came from a small place in "West- phalia, where, he declared, in the last three days there had not been a. crumb of bread. The population mad a a tre- mendous fuss and soldiers were being requisitioned to suppress the uproar Wants Revenge on Americans. In reply to inquiry as to public feeling my informant answered They were delighted at the sinking of the Ivlandovery Castle declaring the Americans got something In return for what they were giving, and it served them jolly well right J Some added It js good, it must proceed We shall gain something this way 'On fhe other hand, Germans gener- ally are very depressed and have aban- doned all hope of winning the war, and despondently say it matters not whether they -win or lose so long as the war ends' Anstrians Begged Bread at Windows of (7.5. Diplomat's Train; Few Tilling Fields Paris, July food shortage in Austria Is growing more acute, accord- ing to Herbert Mayer, of Chicago, eec- retary of Charles J Vopicka, American Minister to Roumania, Mr Mayer has just returned from Jassy, by way Austria and Switzerland. At the train on which he traveled stopped in the railroad yard, and a crowd of hungry and ragged men and women employed In the yard scrambled aboard and begged for food. All looked emaciated and underfed. ROUMANIA ACCLAIMS AMERICAN AS HERO Captive Envoys Saved From Bolsheviki by Col. Boyle. Paris, July 9 Josepji Boyle, an American from. Nome, Alaska, has be- come the popular hero of Roumania and wears the Roumanian decora- tions within gift of the king for saving a number of Roumanian depu- ties from certain exile and probably death at the hands of the Russian bol- according to travelers reaching France from Jassy, the temporary Rou- manian Soon after the Russian bolshevik broke off relations -with Roumania Jast January as the result of alleged anti- boleshvik activities on the part of the Roumanian deputies, several of these Officials were arrested at Odessa. were sentenced to exile to Sebastopol and were placed on board a Ahlp. All were convinced they would never see their country again. Col. Boyle pleaded in their behalf with the bolshevik7! leaders and insisted upon their innocence. The bolshevik author- ities -would not revoke the sentence of exile. Col. Boyle then declared that he would sha.Tf the fate of the Roumanian deputies. A special steamer conveyed the deputies and Col. Boyle to Sebasto- pol, where, after a stay of several days, during: -which the party suffered many Col. Boyle finally .convinced the Russians that the innocent, and all were released. Col. Boyle accompanied them to Jassy, where be was given a, great reception We people and the ffoverxuaent. Defeat viki and Huns Capture Base on Amur. OPPONENTS .LOSE HEAVILY Kerencky Cabinet Members Held as Moscow Revolt Leaders. Advices Through Teuton Agencies Re- port State of Siege Declared Atfer Suppression of Directed Against Brest-Idtovsk Germans Planning Keep Russia Disorganized. to- Paris, July 9 (Havae Th After disaiming the bolshevik forces at Vladivostok says a dispatch from Vladivostok, dated July 6, the Czecho-Sloyaks advanced to the westward, defeated a mixed force of bolshevik! and Austro-German pris- oners, and occupied Nikolayevsk, a naval station on the Amur river The bolshevik] and Austro-German forces suffered heavy losses They withdrew to the northward along the railway toward Khabarovsk, the cap- ital of the maritime province Kerensky Adherents Held. Pai Is, July 9 Several members of the Kerensky cabinet were among the alleged leaders of the re- volt in Moscow arrested by the bol- shevikl, according dispatches re- ceived by Paris newspapers men taken included M Tsertelli, former minister of the interior, M TchernofC former minister of agriculture; M Skobeleff, former minister of labor, and Gen Savinkoff, former war minister Dispatches of German origin report the receipt of a Russian wireless com- announcing that a state of eiege had been declared in Moscow, bul adding that the bolsheviki were In com- plete control of the situation The message declared that the object of the revolutionists was to bring about the abrogation of the Brest-Liitovsk peace treaty The social revolutionists, it -was added, tried to induce the rail- way workers to strike, but failed Fear of Complete' Anarchy. The Hague, July 9 Germans return- ing from Moscow recentlj, saya the Vossische Zeitung, referring to the Von Mlrbach case, have expressed fear that complete anarchy there might endanger who, In an. orderly would he safe _6rom harm Tf gives the, following alleged quotation from lii speaker at a railway strike meeting in Moscow "It is time to throw off the noose Von Mirbach has put around our necks, otherwise a shameful death threatens us Away with German capital L Away with Von Mlrbach and his whole counter revolutionary Bolsheviki Guard Germans. Amsterdam, Julj 9 A member of the bolshevik government has taken up quarters in the German embassy at Moscow, according to the Berlin Tage- blatt This is for the purpose of show- ing that the bolshevik government has undertaken to guarantee the safety of the German personnel Only Basis for Order. London, July 9 Prominent Russian residents in consider the Czecho-Slovak movement in Siberia as the' only reliable basis for a struggle against bolshevism and the restoration of order in Russia The recent Moscow rising which was suppressed by the bolsheviki is not considered here to have been a Russian move, but a sequel to a party quarrel between the bolsheviki and their late friends and supporters, the social revolutionaries of the lett The Kerensky group of social revolu- tionaries of the right did not partici- pate in the counter revolution and had nothing to do with the murder of Count von Mlrbach, the German Ambassador to Russia, or with the street fighting. CONTINUED ON FOURTH PAGE MORE BULGARIAN TROOPS DESERT Home Conditions Intoler- able, Army Mutinous and Hope of Victory Gone. (Special Cable Prom the London to The Washington Post.) (Copyright, 1918. by the Public Ledger Co.) "Wednesday, July tics furnished by French headquarters show tiejlesertions from the Bulgarian army on its Macedonian front are greatly increasing, a fact that appears all the more significant when borne n mind that the severest penalties are Inflicted on the families of deserters, ncludlng not only the cancellation of their maintenance allowance, hut the conflcation of their' property, and also deportation. The figures for the last six months are, 64 In January, 30 In February, 39 in March, 69 In April, 170 n May. 210 In June. The t deserters agree that conditions of life In Bulgaria are unbearable, and hat hopes of ultimate victory have vanished from among the and increasing Insubordination exlets n.the army, many units having lately refused to qbey orders to attack. They also state that numerous soldiers; un- willing to desert in face of the enemy, have- taken advantage of home leave to edo boat destroyers and four torpedo were attacked. Xtlceet hits were observed, on bulld- and vessels. Five German airplanes were destroyed and three were trfven down out of control. All the returned, though dama GDFTBWBT. UU. BT W Earnest American Women Doing What Men rjaye No Tune For, IDLERS AMONG- EFFICIENTS Better Off at Hone Xnittinjr Than in Their Present Environment. Little Band of Salvation Army Heroines at the Front Most De- Doughnut Repasts at Canape Wear the Most Fetching Costumes Seen. Army Nurses in Tgiy Uniforms. By GEORGE ROTHWELI, (Copyright, 1S18, by Washington Pojt Co.) With respect to American -women who are doing "war work" In France there is a good deal to be said on both sides Therefore I shall say it. Some of our wives1- and sisters and sweet- hearts "over there" are rendering ef- ficient service. -Borne of them are not Those who are have a right to remain The others haven't. They should be brought back home, where they can do more for the Kxjkttngr sweaters and darning their husbands' socks The woman of the type of those who could an invisible office and- a theoretical occupation She is hanging, somehow, tin the fringe of legitimate endeavor, mfckes a pretense, perhaps, of keeping busy at something of no consequence, and accomplishes to the accompaniment of a vast amount of show and fuss something that is of ab- solutely no value after it has been dbne -J At Times Too Conspicuous. I do not think there are many of these girls over there, but there are some, and one sees them frequently enough to realize that they are becom- ing too conspicuous I am, by no means certain that many woinen in apparently useful occupations in France wouldn t be much better off at home It Is an unconventional life, and one is apt to drift Into unconventional ways The other side of the picture is really the important eide It is the tpicture that shows you the thousands of hard- working-, earnest women 'Jpver who really doing things, doing things that the men couldn't do, per- haps, but that certainly they haven't TUXUEIES AKE HIT HAKD tbe to do now. this "olaaa are most of tha Tf. M, C. A. workers, the army nurses, the Red Cross workers and nurses, and the devoted women of that wonderful little band of heroines. f I -was riding through a little town far out at the American front one day, when the unmistakable odor of dough- nuts assaulted my nose In the door- way _of an aged stone house that looked as though there might be a sign up somewhere informing the passer-by that in B C. 46 Julius Caesar slept there one night, I saw a group of Yan- kee soldiers. Their jaws were moving realistically, and alighting and draw- ing nearer I observed that they were eating doughnuts, and no mistake about it, doughnuts In a Salvation Army Hut. Walking through the door, I found myself in the first Salvation Army hut I had seen in SYance i One sees them onlv. at the front I never saw a Sal- vation Army hut back of the lines This one a picture It was just what one wo-uM imagine a Salvation Army hut at the front would look like There is something unmistakably plain, and "lowly, and serviceable the Salvation Army No frills Nothing fancy Here was a great low-ceilinged room, stone walls, stone fireplace, everything smoky and sooty under the whitewash, with a lot of tables and benches and a few chairs It was filled with soldiers who were listening eager- ly to the music of a wheezy phonograph and swallowing doughnuts CONTINUED ON NINTH PAGE. AUSTRIAN EMPRESS 1H FROM ATTACKS Denied That She De- layed the Offensive Against Italy. passage of Russian ship" Discussion Only Thing Herr Bernhard also sa> s 'The time is now ripe openly to die- cuss weace conditions Having regard Ideal peace conditions laid down by President Wilson, unanimity on the njatter undoubtedly could easily be reached if a method of discussing th< peace terms could only agreed upon Bernhard says Germany and her allies would undoubtedly Accept reasonable disarmament proposals President Wilson's demands for self- government by email nations, the writer says would be favorably receUed but the central powers Insist upon knowing the attitude of England IP gardmg Ireland Negotiations. the writer adds, should take place directly between the belligerents respe< ting fiontier regulations Warns Prussian Junkers. Declaring that despite the assurances of the junkers, Americans had come to France by the hundreds of thousands Socialist Deputy Stroebel warned the Prussian landtag that "unless the Ger- man people send their politicians of war and rapine to the devi! the Americans would continue coming by the Zurich cables today stated Alreadv Stroebel told the landtag more than Americans had land in France (P-trls dispatches re ported fetroebel as having said 660.000 The speech, a indictment of the German internal policy and the military operations delivered at the fifth reading of the electoral i e form bill in the landtag The mllitar- sts, Stroebel warned "will become en powerful that they will be able to Im- pose a peace by force upon the German proletariat Hope to "The set Idea of the government Ktroebel declared, "is to crush com- pletely the adversaries, to trample them under the feet of our Infantrymen been done in Belgium, Serbia and Russia They hope that tills victory will render militarism so powerful that t will then also be able to Impose a peace by force the German pro- etarlat "But the spring Stroebel continued, "has not brought any of hese dreamed-of successes. More than bave been killed. We are going cent a gallon, would be taxed 15 ceirtsT another offensive, one which certainly will cost us still greater oases And it Is doubtful whether It will succeed better than the first Americans Have Arrived. Referring to the arrival in France of Americans, he said "This fig- ure suffices to compensate all the losses of the entente. Under these circum- stances the men who govern us have proved themselves to be false proph- ets. Let them recall what the minister jjf-'flnance told us two or three months agro. "He declared that 'the Americana cannot fly; neither can they swim. They will not come.' "They have come, In many hundreds of thousands. Tomorrow several mill- on s will come, unless the German peoples rid themselves of their govern- senfl their politicians of war and rapine to the devil." AEJL08 RAJD ConridenMe Bone tab Capital by Bomta. airplane Sunday Qpatral dispatch, frgpt