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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1914, Washington, District Of Columbia MAKE THE SAIESHELP HAPPY By making your Xtnas purchase now. Temperature Yesterday: Max., 60 Min., 52 TODAY NO. WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1914.-SIXTEEtf PAGES. TWO CENTS. GERMAN ARMY RECOVERS FROM CHECK IN POLAND; RUSSIANS ABREAST OF CRACOW; AUSTRIANS RETIRE; BATTLES REOPENED IN FLANDERS AND NEAR ARRAS VIOLENT FIGHTING OPENS' ON YSER BATTLE FRONT; BELGIAN PORTS FORTIFIED MUSCOVITE RIGHT FLANK ATTACKED Inhabitants of Villages Near Firing Line in Flanders Sent Away. Teutons Attempting to Drive It Back on the Center, MOVING TOWARD LOWICZ Changes in Dispositions of German Troops Lead to Belief That New Attempt Will Be Made to Reach French Show Much Activity Near and Armen- tieres in Serious Plight From Bombardment. Germans Resume Effort to Cut Off Foe From Warsaw. BIG WAR BOOTY IS CLAIMED London, Dec. the although the German official re- port say? there is nothing to communicate, the French official statement notes a somewhat lively cannonade in Belgium, and German activity to the north of Arras. This may mean that the Germans have commenced, or are about to commenc'e, another attempt to get through to the French ports. Certainly there are some important changes in the dispositions of the German but what they foreshadow is known only to the German general staff. Militarv men here take opposing camps, one side believing that j Berlin, Dec. reports from Russian Poland given out officially in Berlin indicate that the Germans have resumed the execution of their plan to en- compass the Russian right flank and to force it back on the cen- ter, at the same time cutting off the Russians' communication with Warsaw. The carrying out of this plan, which began with a Russian de- TEUTONS BREAK THROUGH RUSSIAN TRAP AND REPEL ALL MUSCOVITE ATTACKS Armies in Poland Fighting Under Eyes Of the Czar and the Kaiser. Germans Escape Sweeping Defeat Petrograd Continue to Gain More Decisive Results Against Austro-Prussian Forces in South, Capturing- All of Enemy's Positions Protecting the Carpathian Passes. London, Dec. battle in northern Poland, concerning the progress of which there has been so much mystery, is now being fought out under the eyes of the German emperor, on the one side, and the Russian emperor on the other. These two monarchs left for the front today, so that virtually the heads of all the nations at war are with their troops. The King of England is in France; the King of Belgium, as usual, is spending all his time with his soldiers, while President feat at Lipne and at Plock, was of France, started today for another visit to the north- ern battlefield. v Official news from Poland continues to be scanty and, with both the Germans will rest content with holding their present positions! j Germans for a moment were, un-dl the close of the battle in Poland, where they need all the men; thrown on the defensive Now j headquarters claiming successes, it is impossible to say how the they can get, while the other looks for an immediate resumption' of the battle in northern France and Flanders. The Germans, tuo. ae-'ording to Dutch reports, are strongly fortifying: Zeebrugge and other Belgian ports against a renewal of the attacks by the allied fleet. The fighting which has occurred j after repulsing- a number of at- battle is going-. Of its intensity, however, there can be no doubt. tacks, the Germans appear to be The Germans, when they started for Warsaw, dashed full tilt moving forward in the direction t jnto a'mass of Russian troops and forced their way so far in that the Eussians closed on them. This was taken in Petrograd to mean that some of the German divisions had been cut off and that of Lowicz, Offensive Movement Towaid Lodz. i ,T i- f j I German movements In this around Ypres was clue to the allies pushing their lines forward. j haye not been interfei.ed wiLU ln the I their surrender or annihilation was inevitable. Inhabitants Sent Away ;_ ft'S 'SEES WAR WITH JAPAN v h houses fir Inhabitant.-. run] r i today t orri :'K a T n- rnarint; of J bo K.I .ill day ami j s .lf, arc shaken. George B. McClellaii Says withm one frnnt roe Doctrine Will Bring It. last few days, and this, German mili- tary observers say, must tie taken as a highly favorable sign, as in their opinion a German repulse of the Rus- sian advances probably has been fol- lawed by a general offensive movement of the Germans toward I The following official announcement j was given out in Berlin today: THE WINE f i h LI k ir i' from e of- t GERMANY ALSO PROBABLE FOE t us It a1-1- if -ml1 Iho SI-IT'S-- in th Armentieres in Senous Plight. n..- i iii'-- i of 'r} that has beer Former Mayor of New York, Now Princeton Professor, Declares United States Must Choose Between Fighting for Doctrine or Abandoning Against Dnpreparedness for War. I rrtfff. -o-i around h.i- "KhtinK of th--" j pl'srht. The GT- r'li- '-itv about rt' that darlnK j has i i.-aroty of that the em'my ,1 to hf Indoors '.-t 1 l K.i. V v l f r i- r i ,it i e, t T i-h. i-' I'f jt.lv 1 Sjipr-iat to The Washington Font. Princeton, X. J Dec. statements to the effect that in the not far distant future the United States v would have to choose between fighting a V i.-i reservoir, raus- for the Monroe doctrine or abandoning T t'.l-istrial life of i u and predicting trouble for the United For the last j States with the winner of the present struggle, were made by George B. Mc- Clellan. former mayor of New York and now professor of economic history in Princeton, in an address here tonight before the International Policy Club. the deserted us face the conditions as they v s, jiiads said Mr. McClellan. Under any .ire continu-( circumstances we must not believe that universal peace will follow. The vic- tors will continue to make a trial for a world power, and Germany and Japan bolleve that their natural growth must take them beyond the seas. If Ger- many wins she will not be satisfied with North Africa. German interests' ill not restrain her from establishing "There is no news to hand from the western arena of the war. In East Prussia and in southern Poland it was generally quiet yesterday. In northern Poland, south of the Vistula, our war CONTINUED ON THinn BABY SCARES BURGLAR. and fre- w 1 th thf air- eeks, the r arrl: 1 Iii' been r n and i dept ro linappd to IP lidisstry oss duo to jtimati d at nrkm 1 'i. l Tl'.. 'tiir.-s h iv.-> irh an rli. vie fii stri, ct u >T; of i 'O" francs German Assault in Flanders Fails. fol'owu i; .1 was Issued bv t -A.ir "In Relgiu'n it hi Jilt s J i tlinse- IreT h's fo tlv betw arj'l l.t' er br.sk at' v., i-art and the park i f II "Ir the A r 11 n i piecia.jl> in thr i.f r.a Gruna. 'un the 'if :u. Uiert- is notli- iiif? tn rpjjort Considerable Activity Near Arras. text; 'if the issued bi the war dftenioon h> Bds'Jrn th, c is a r.isher spir- itfl :1rr -In1 thr ri.-iy Xo- u.s coaling stations, spheres of influence, in South America. Japan Needs Territory. "Should the allies win the same thing ill happen Japan needs territory She has seized the Marshall Islands, add says she will turn them over to Australia, but ahe has not done so. The door is closed to immigrants, and they are waiting to seize Mexico. vn-iiurm ntion raatter w ho wins, It almost cer- t.miBht [tain that at some not far distant date sha11 be confronted with the alter- -ortie against natlve of either abandoning the Monroe us. Afti r a. ra.th red t' rh.ite.tu I'M i south of the nivance'i IP- j doctrine or righting to maintain [t. We have made of it a. national prin- Virginia Russell, 2 Years Old, Drives Intruder From Home. Special to The WnshinRton Post. 111., Dec. Russell, aged 2 years, interviewed a burglar in her father's home at 605 Casg street last night, and talked the Intruder into flight. Virginia's father and mother were in another part of the house, when the mite of a girl ventured Into a darkened bedroom and saw a man there. "Oh, she said, "ain't you 'fraid to stay In the dark all "by asked Virginia. The man WRJS silent and Virginia took another step into the room. "J'se 'fraicl In the she said. "I'se 'fraid bogymans." A grunt came from the figure when Virginia asked "Who Is oo'" "I'se wnrse'n a was the answer, and Virginia hurried out of the room to tell da.dy. Mr. Russell reached the room just in time to see the bur- glar's second foot going through a dow. To the police who were summoned Vir- ginia described the intruder as a man whp "had biu: and looked coid." EOUMANIA WILL JOIN ALLIES. Premier Says Only Matter Still Under Discussion Is Precise Date. Spei-ial Calilo to The Washington Post. Ijondon, Dec. Morning Post prints the following telegram sent by- Take Jonesco, former premier of Rou- mania, to a personal friend here: "Gustave Roos, Constitutional Cluh, Some days ago I gave a tele- gram explaining my views to the Novoc Vremya of Petrograd. I imagine the telegram was correctly published. a nuestion of national honor, so] However, to be certain, I will say now that if we abandon it we must concede that we are not strong enough to main- tain It, that we are only a second-class power, at the mercy of all the swagger- ins bullies of the earth. If we fight for it in our present condition of unpre- paredness there can be but one out- come. A triumphant and victorious Ger- many would have little to fear from us. and while we might possibly. In the end be able to check Japan by herself, for her financial resources arc limfted, wr> CONTIXL'ED ON SECONU PAGE. that Roumania will join the triple en- tente. The only matter still under dis- cussion is the precise date of it." JEAK PIODA IS DEAD. Former Swiss Minister to United States Passes Away in Italy. ISerne, Switzerland, via Paris. Dec. 1. Baptlste Ploda, who was Min- ister of Switzerland to the United States In 1902, died yesterday at Anzio, Jn Italj, near Kome. German Flanks Still Harassed. appears' however. that, nehting for French Report a Huge Crop of Good-Quality Champagne. GERMANS DO LITTLE DAMAGE Old People Harvest the Grapes, While j anticipated. Nearby the Soldiers That Quarters Have Been as Delicate as That of 1904, but It Has More Body. their very lives and in the knowledge a great defeat would end the Ger- j man offensive and compel them to fall back on their own frontiers, the GermaJi troops succeeded in breaking through the Kussian lines at one and at another in holding their intrenchmenta against all the Russian attacks. Their flanks are I still being harassed by the cossacks, but seemingly the Russians are not now in a j position to Kalu the sweeping victory they Special to The Washington Post. Philadelphia, Dec. 1. The "cham- pagne crop" of Rheims, despite the ravages of war. Is estimated at quarts of the sparkling vintapre this year, according to advices received by a wine house in this city today. The communication, which was aent by a business correspondent in the wine dis- trict of France, says: "When August began there was an excellent promise of a successful grape harvest, the vines having escaped frost in the spring, and having weather in the summer. Damage Done by Germans. "Some damage was done during the advance of the German troops, but aft- er Semteper 13, when Rheims was re- occupied by the allies, nearly the whole The losses, with the desperate fighting that has been going on for a fortnight, must necessarily he very heavy on both sides. Against the forces Jn the south the Russians continue to gain more decisive results. They are now in possession of all the Austrian positions protecting the Carpathian passes and are said to have arrived abreast of Cracow, while their captures for three weeks num- ber men. Teutons Are Reinforced, Petrograd. Dec. from the front are that reinforcements sent for the army of Gen. Ma.ckenzen near Lodz are taking up positions along the "Vistula River. where the German resistance seems to have been least effective. The apparent purpose of this move is to hin- had fine I der the Russian enveloping movement until the main German column (B extri- cated from the line which runs from Strykow through Cziers to Szadek. Semiofficial reports from Galicla indi- cate that the Russian advance along the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains hag area of the vineyards was cleared of the enemy. The result was that CON'TINT'ED ON EIGHTH PARK. the reached a point due south of Cracow, thus surrounding the city from the northeast and south. CONTINI'BD ON THIRD PAGE. CoL Roosevelt Holds U. S. Guilty Of Atrocious Crimes in Mexico COL. THEODORE ROOSEVELT, in the most vigorous and epoch- making article he has written since he retired from the Presi- charges the United States government with a "guilty re- sponsibility" for the reign of anarchy and crime in Mexico. His re- cital of the orgies in the blood-stained republic is a record of .loot, murder, and sacrilege practically without a parallel In modern times, and what is more important. Col. Roosevelt has secured the docu- mentary evidence to back up his charges. Both factions of the revolutionists are indicted in this astonishing arraignment, and back of it all the distinguished author contends the government of the United States is "partially and guiltily respon- sible." His arguments go home, and will be the all-absorbing topic of dis- cussion when his article is printed. It will appear here exclusively in The Washington Post next Sun- day. You cannot afford to miss it. NEEDS MORE TRADE Farrell, U. Steel Co. Head, Discusses Nation's Plight HAS VESSELS IN PLENTY Many Return From South America Without Cargoes, He Says. Methods of Business Extension Suggest- ed by the Head of America's Greatest Manufacturing Concern Include Loans to Foreign'Governments, Not Only for the Interest, but to Give the Countries Facilities With Which to Buy. Special Cable to The Washington Post. New York, Dec. of trade tn those products which the country reason- ably can expect to sell In competitive oversea markets during times of peace or war, sjystematic organization of selling extension of financial and credit operations are some of the funda- mentals this country must take Into con- sideration for the development of its com- merce with neutral and belligerent coun- tries, according to James A. Farrell, pres- ident of the United States Steel Corpor- ation, who gave a special interview on the subject today to The Washington Post. Mr. Farrell has spent his life In the steel industry, and his vtew of the world business Is from the riurely prac- tical standpoint. He is a believer in the construction of merchant ships in this country, jn a greater merchant ma- rine, and as if in proof of this the United States Steel Corporation was the first to transfer Us vessels to American registry after the passage of the shipping bill. But Mr. Farrell thinks that the trade must be developed for the ships. Convinced by the War.' "One week nf the European war did more to convince the American people that foreign trade is necessary to our domestic prosperity than len years of academic he said. "Our peo- ple have learned that R larger outlet is necessary for their products, and that grain and cotton could be affected In a dislocation of the world's markets, al- hough little thought hag been given here- tofore nationally to the vital importance to the country as a whole of a greater diversification of exports and wider mar- kets. "Among the current economic fallacies is that with the present elimination of several of the manufacturing countries of Europe as sources of supply the neutral consuming markets of the world must look to the United States for their re- quirements. "Manufacturers and merchants have been exhorted to expand their trade ac- tivities in markets supposedly vacated by the warring nations. Need of Commodity Exchanges. "Many statements have been made which indicate a lack of knowledge of the conduct of the world's business, and it does not appear to he recognized gen- erally that the changed conditions, as a result of the shock to the financial and credit systems of the world, involve more than a casual survey of th'e inter- trade relations of all nations. Bankers Jiave learned that credit is an inter national commodity, and producers, whether engaged in farming or manu- facturing, are conscious now of the that it requires an exchange of com- modities between countries to maintain equilibrium of gold exchange. "It is apparent that even a neutral natfam cannot materially profit when a world-wide contraction exists of the mechanism of credit and the cost of foi- elgn exchange. Problems Faced at Present. "The problems at present confronting the export and 'impoit trade of the United States are due largely to the in- ability of foieign .buyers to finance transactions on a -credit basis, due to straightened financial conditions in many export markets. "This particularly is the case with some of the larger South American-coun- tries whose governments, in order to avoid general bankruptcy, declared mora- toria, resulting in decreased buying pow- er, which can be stimulated only by the establishment of credits from the pro- ceeds of their exported products. "When hostilities forced the Kuiopean merchant fleets to remain within the harbors of the world, not only was our oversea trade abruptly halted, but the resultant shock to Atlantic, gulf, and Pacific seaports disrupted the railroads and dislocated domestic commerce as well as clogging the arteries of trans- portation and finance. Manufacturers who export a part of their product were compelled to curtail operations. Destination of Vital Importance. "The workman who performs his task with no thought of whether his handi- work was being sold in Indiana or India, found suddenly that its destination was of vital concern. "Manufacturers engaged in what they considered purely domestic business, and who had not been indifferent long to the necessity fostering American foreign commerce, were in many Instances de- prived of the foreign materials essential to fabrication of their products. "Farmers seeking customary loans to move their crops, encountered a mono- stringency resulting from demands for to satisfy maturing American mdebt- ON NIJiTH PAGE. CZAR AND KAISER BOTH AT FRONT Petrograd, Dec. Nicholas left Petrograd this morning for the theater of -war. Berlin, Dec. official an- nouncement Is made that the German emperor on Monday the troops In their posi- tions at Gumbinnen and Darkeh- men, East Prussia. Amsterdam, Dec. William reached Insterberg, East Prussia yesterday. He con- tinued on the way to the front, traveling by motor car. Fears President's 'Celd on Military Investigation. WHITE HOUSE CALLS VAIN Massachusetts Han Fails to Ar- range Talk With Executive. Expresses Surprise at View That Airing Question of Armament Might Disqual- ify U. S. as Referee When Big War Is Secretary Issues Letter Anent Subject Written by His Chief Last Week. Representative Augustus F> Gardner, of Massachusetts, who is urging a con- gressional investigation of the pre- paredness of the United States for war, yesterday said he is fearfu! that the President intends to "lay the cold hand of death" on the whole movement. Mr. Gardner's atate7nent. made on a visit to the White House, immediately stirred up the officials of the adminis- tration to such a degree that the secre- tary to the President made public a let- ter from the President to Mr. Gardner to show that the President had given no such impression. The President's view, nevertheless, while never officially announced, is said by those who are in close touch with the affairs of the administration to be radically opposed to such an investiga- CONTINfKD OK FIFTH PAGE. UNITE IN U. S, DEFENSE Security League Will Work for Larger Army and Navy. FAVOR GARDNER RESOLUTION "Changed Conditions of International Relations" Make It Unsafe to Trust to Emergency Measures, Declares Organ- ization Formed in Ne-w Country-Wide Campaign. ZAPATA BREAKS WITH CEN. VILLA Rejects Peace Overtures and Battle Ensues. FIGHT IN CAPITAL SUBURBS Southern Rebel Chief Had the Northern Leader Arrested. HIS TROOPS DRIVEN BACK Gen. Villa, After Reaching Outskirts of Mexico City With 25.OOO Troops, Is Said to Have Met With Repulse When His Forces Attempt to Advance Into Department Hears That Zapata Is Keeping Order and Af- fording Full Protection to Foreigners, Villa Promises to Punish Violence Against Life or Property. New York, Doe. National Se- curity League, a new organization whio'i work tow.u-d causing a congressional investigation Into the condition nf the army, navy, and coast defences of tlif1 I'mted States as the first step in a pro- posed country-wide campaign tn insure the enactment of national and State leg- islation for maintaining na- tional security, was create] herp lunipl't at a meeting of -5ri repretentative
pt 1 m i-st H reports ho that the Vi 11 -Xapa l a supporting thA provision a! government of Kulalio
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