Sunday, July 20, 1913

Washington Post

Location: Washington, District Of Columbia

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Washington Post, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1913, Washington, District Of Columbia THE WASHINGTON POST: SUNDAY, JULY 2O, 1918 Curious! Resemblances! in JJature THE ACCOMPANYING ILLUSTRATIONS GIVK AN IDEA OF HOW MARKED SOME OF THE RESEMBLANCES IN NATURE ARE. AND Bt'D OF CANARY CREEPER LOOKS LIKE FAN-TAIL PIGEON SEED CAPSULES OF GARDEN SNAP-DRAGON RESEMBLE COL- LECTION OP SKULLS. FIGURE "SO S PLAINLY ON HIND WING OF BTTTERFLY THE STAMINAL COLUMN OF ARAUJIA GRANDIFLORA FORMS OF OLD MAN. FLOWERS AND INSECTS THAT PRESENT CURIOUS OB -GBO- TESftUE LIKENESS TO SOME OTHEB FAMILIAB OBJECT. [Scientific American. 1 To trace In natural objects a resemblance, either structural or pictorial, to other objects with which they have no real connection is a dl-verting pastime. More- over though at first thought it may seem somewhat puerile. It can in fact be turned to good account ab a means of stimulating the imagination, and inducing the muvv to embark upon a course of truly hcientiftc investigation which may lead to important discoveries Take, for instance, the case of the orchids. Several sce- bear popular names which suggest the likeness of the flower to some member of the animal kingdom Thus, we have the man orchid, the bee orchid, the spider orchid the lizard orchid and the monkey orchid It is true that some of these sup osed likenesses are highly imaginative, but others 'are wonderfully distinct, and will bear cl scrutiny The bee orchid (Ophrys for instance, is v pry much like a small, highly colored humble-bee, the vvings, head, antennae and halrv bodj> being all reproduced. In the case of the so-called man orchid (Aoeras anthrnpophura) the general effect of the flower Is very quaint and striking, looking like a series small green puppets In the very curious fly orchids (Ophrys mu- i ifera) the likeness to an insect is not very marked, although a vivid imagination an conjure up wings, antennae and a protruding head, but the lower part of the flower resembles most closely a little doll, or monkey, dressed in a sleeping jsult with a sath round its waist. Jfisi) Cncmtes OVERLOOKING INTELLIGENCE OF FINNY TBIBE REAL REASON FOR ANGLEBS' FAILUBE TO CATCH ANYTHING. [Kansas City Star] IBtn average angler gives his of much-fished waters. The time, the I quarry no credit for any Intel- place, the equipmemt and the variety of ligenre whatever He pro- fish sought, all must be given considera- eeeds on his quest seemingly flon. Here are a few pointers about flsh- the presumption that Ing tackle and fishing that may seem fishes have no sense of sight, hear- ridiculously elementary to the skillful ing smell or taite He tajces It for angler, but which may be of some aasist- sranted that the fish have forglt- ance to the many who often ten to-dav the experiences of yesterday seldom catch a fish: and are Incapable of anything resembling There is no basis for the theory, "the thought a mattfr of facfe, fish have bigger the fish sought the bigger the bait aoute senses of sight, hearing, should be A large fish can see a small and atste If they lack some of readily as a small fish can, and HIP organs common to those senses, they smaller an artificial lure is the more at least are capable of receiving 1m- llkely ll ls to flsh. and small. presMons that usually come through Expert trout fishermen seldom use a fly in the midday hours, flab deep In water for bass. Crappie are a. curious and foolish fish. and are attracted by a light at night. A lantern or a torch in a boat or on the shore by the waterside frequently will draw a school of crappie to the vicinity for the pleasure and profit of the angler. Minnows, the smaller the better, are the only "sure-fire" lure for crappie, except in early spring, when they will take angleworms freely Large minnows are the best bait when still fishing for bass, and minnows three inches in length are not too large. Bass sometimes take worms freely, and grasshoppers are one of their weaknesses. Angleworms are the _ only effective bait when still fishing Special and proper equipment la abso- luteK essential to fly casting and balt- both o> which, properly executed, Aro delicate, intricate and exact arts. N one can effevtively cast either In fly h-.ri ng or bait casting, without Just the -i-rit reels, lines specially t ui t. for the purpose. And the tackle 11 able for one will not dd1 orther thpv are radically dissimilar in many respects The rods, and lines used in fly or bait may be used, for still fishing, but the artificial hires' used in casting are absolutely worthless ex- cept for their own special uses. An arti- ficial fly will not catch fish if held sta- tionary in the water, nor will any other of the baits intended to beirolled'or cast. The pork bait, a part of the angling equipment of every bait caster, is worth- less in -still flshingi except that very hun- gry sunfish sometimes will take minute fragments of it. The pork bait is used only in connection with the_casting spoon, or spinner, and it is intended to resemble a wriggling minnow when drawn through the water. Sunfish are nervous, "snippy" biters, and usually nibble at a. baK a time or Jtwo before se.izing it and running, Crap- pie seizing the minnow and making off with It forthwith, attempting to gorge it as they go, but seldom draw- ing the float entirely under water. Bass strike suddenly and hard, bolting the bait instanter in still fishing, unless the min- now happens too large for them to swallow on the instant. The angler should not "jerk" or strike at a sunflsh until the movement of the float indicates that the' fish has definitely decided to carry the bait away with him. A crap- pie should be struck a second or two "after he seizes the minnow starts away. A bass should be struck as, quick- ly as possible after he strikes the he moves like lightning and is likely to discover that there Is a. stinger In the bait and1 eject it If he is not hooked quickly. A catfish may be struck, any time from one minute to sijs hows after he starts t? the hook will be found imbedded in his interior arrangement-' somewhere between the back of his throat ard the tip of his tail. JDtrbics Ha test THRILLING MOTOR CAB RACES WHERE "THOBOUGHBBEDS' MATTE ONE HUNDRED HUES AN HOUR. ears, noses and palates. they uea a hook larger than a No. 8, and in have tenacious memories of hard-fished waters No 12 and even No. 14 unpleasant expenences. Also, they hook9 Preferable, no matter what the think, whether or not they are aware of 8ize of thf average run of fish it tnems A flsh tii. see out of the water much f u ther tv in an ang-ler can see Into it. Oftentimes in and lakes too icilv tnr the human eye to perceive au object an int-h below the surface of th" water ash will be seen leaping at In- A small hook will catch a large flan, but a large hook will not catch a small fish Most inexperienced anglers choose hooks too large for their purpose. For sunflsh the smallest hooks made are not too small, and under no condition should they be larger than No. 7 in a Sproat or sec ts or other food several Inches above shape' Tne Cincinnati bass hook the The writer once saw a chan- (Popular with Inexperienced fishermen nel cavh.h m the muddy Missouri River seemingly for no other reason than that it is bright and is not made In leaping from the water repeatedly in an effort to a dead mouse lodged In a snag' a foot or more atoove the sur- face of the river Often, when casting sizes small enough to be of any account for sunfish and other small pan fish. A No 5 hook is amply large for crappie, irihe" leTr ajld manipulated will land ivriter has been bass leap from the water >1o meet the lure before it had touched the largest bass that swims. Select fine and -well made tackle If the stream Yet, regardless of the fact are Wlth a that that the ail the advantage in ls not to withstand a strain of deeing him first and farthest, the I aver- age angler will take his station at the water a edge, wave his arms about, sit down, rise up and in other ways adver- tise his presence to every fish within a more than three pounds there Is no wis- dom In rigging upon It a heavy, coarse line, "warranted" to withstand strain of 16 pounds or more. If by any lucky chance you book a very large and heavy hundred feet of him Instead of taking flsh for 8maU 5? a position a, far as his tackle will permit tackle wtU land hlm 3u8t U from the spot in which he desire's to fish, he approaches as closely aa pos- sible to it, prefetably seating himself directly over it, where, he can dangle his legs and expectorate In the water. Fish have no external Indications of ears, but they are Capable of receiving Impressions of sound, or at least con- A ONE-DAY-A-WEEK I rwfcll-Street Journal 1 The Norfolk Southern Railway has a train service on a branch line'23 miles long, operatlnsf out probably is unloue. Every day In the week, except Friday, It operates over this branch line a gasoline) motor combined freight and passenger'car. On Friday the entire train schedule to changed. Every Thursday evening the railroad sends out from Norfolk a or seven passenger car train, which on its return to Norfolk early Friday morning. By tne time It reaches Norfolk it is crowded with three hundred or more men and women, each loaded "With bas- kets containing country produce. Some have chickens, others eggs, siill others vegetables or fruits, but all have some- thing for sale. The passengers scatter out over the city, selling their produce, do their shopping, and late in the after- noon the train starts back to carry them to their homes; but this time the bas- kets are filled with goods from the Nor- folk stores. A New Tork Director of the company spent some days In Norfolk soon after his election to board. He watched the gasoline motor car make Its trips out on the branch Hlne, and wondered if It were a paying proposition. He was amazed on Friday morning to see a long passenger train pull in over this same branch line and discharge its regiment. Employees Of the branch have an easy time, except on Friday, and they declare that it takes them all the other days of the Week to rest from the hard labor of that one CPeanwn's ANY years ago there appeared In the pages of "Punch" a drawing forecasting "the Derby of the future." It jockeys sitting astride locomotive engines which belched black smoke, and the jockeys were urging their steam horses along the famous Epsom course with whips. That drawing was published a gen- eration before the invention of the motor-car. A few days ago the writer stood on Brooklands motor-racing track watch- ing start of a 100 miles per hour "race. A row of cars -were drawn up on the starting line behind the official starter, who stood ready tot drop the red flag that would- send them hurling on their way like shells fired from a gun. They were pretty things, thorough- breds all, that havfe made history, that beat the world, last year in the French Grand Prix, the -that was the first car In the world to travel 103% miles In 60 minutes, ptck of the motor-racing stables. They were nearly all fish-shaped, with blunt .noses and! tails. One after another the great cars went ing eilverv others red, blue, Every graceful curve suggested speed. The Jockeys were In their racing col- ors, bltte, red, crimson, pink and they "tightly-fitting; helmet-shafted caps of the same Behind the railing were packed thousands One after another fhe great cars Went off with, viejgus'roar, and the struggle began. In a moment they were at top speed, cleaving the air like bullets, their jockeys alert, straining their eyes ahead gripping the steering wheels, almost jolted out of their seats. If anything should go wrong! One shuddered to think of it. The race was over eight and three- quarter miles. Ar bell tinkled. The cars were entering the finishing straight. Bookmakers were shouting the odds in frenzy. "'Seven to four 'Sun-r two to five One car was leading by J60 yards, two others overhauling it, the rest of the field lurched behind. 'A, silver car leaped for- ward. The Ofowd Was mad now. Dan- ger was forgotten in the lust of 'sport. The silver car drewWvel with the. leader, and tttey seemed to flash past the post together. Until the numbers were put up no one but the judge which had won. Such is motor racing to-day, the most thrilling, nerve-strainlngr sport tne world has seen. This summer the world struggle for speed eupreih'acy in the Grand Fzfx is to be held in Fraticb on a course close to Amiens. Sintoe the winter, hundreds of men have been at work making prepara- tions. A new "banked road has been 'built for the event, an enormous grand stand capable of -accommodating count- less thousands, ,and a huge fence has built along the course over which the race Is to be held. It Is the great event of the year. Gars will'come to compete from all over the world Brit- ons, Frenchmen, Germans, Italians, Bel- gians, Americans and Russians will fight out the race yard by yard, all ready to risk every things-life uphold the honor of their The danger of racing in cars that can attain over 100 miles per hour seems ap- palling, yet in actual fact accidents are rare, though miraculous escapes are com- mon. Last season at Brooklands one car as It entered the finishing straight, travel- Ing at 105 miles an hour, struck the curb with Its offside wheelay The wheels flew into a thousand splinters, the tires bounded 20 feet into air, and for a moment It looked as If the great pro- jectile woulfl hurl itself among the spec- tators massed behind slender railings barely two yards away. By a miracle <St steering the driver kept bis car on the track with only two wheels to run upon, and actually jolted over three quarters of a mile without hurt. On another occasion a motorcyclist' finishing at a speed of SO miles an hour {imagine 80 miles on'a bicycle) waa "un- able to stop, 'and dashed over the 20 or 30-foot-hlgh branking. He escaped death by telling into some bushes. In old days when racing was allowed on the open roads of the Continent and such courses as Paris to Berlin or Paris to Vienna were chosen, many lives were lost. The great race from Paris to Ma- drid put an end to the sport. The news- papers called It "The Race to Death." Cars overturned on corners and crushed their drivers beneath them, one-collided at 80 miles an hour with a free and killed both driver and mechanic. One man waa Dinned beneath an overturned i car which caught fire and burned him to death. The Government stopped racing on the open roads after that awful day. At the present time everything possible is dpjie to guard against accidents. Cir- cular courses are chosen: the roads are cjosed and guarded by soldiers. The corners are patron of you. A good rod and reel, properly cared for, t ussion, that may come from a <ong dls- _______._ will last a lifetime and Catch thousands of fish, If properly manipulated. A baited hook in the water is like a decoy pocketbook on a less conspicuous the string attached the more likely you are to get a bite. Sunfish do not bite at night Catfish do) and less freely, so do bass and crap- pie The best tunes for fishing in warm weather are early morning and late after- tance Many anglers, who never speak above a. whisper while they are fishing for feai of scaring the fish" will ttomp heavily along the shore of a fctream or lake, or rattle oars and clat- ter the'ir feet on the bottom of a boat In which they may be fishing. Fish can- not hear spoken sounds, but they can sense the jar of a football or a blow on boat many yards away. _.. noon. Few flsh will take the hook during That flsh have faculties that corre- _ 6Pond to the senses of taste and smell is houra f evidenced toy the fact that they will dls- moving about in schools, criminate unerringly between baits of but never far from t vorite deep spot, preferably where there identical character, except as to quality, ,_ ._ __ is a tree stump, brush or sunken log and in a running stream, will be attracted WOMEN WHO SMOKE. Free Londoners claimed to be shocked over the growing number of women who are taking to smoking cigarettes, cigars and even as if smoking by women had never before been heard of. Why, years on years ago Indian squaws used to light pipes for their husbands in the wigwams of America and Some of them probably took quite a while over each lighting, too and so got into the habij of smoking. So the habit is no thing among women, don't y' know, ol' chappie? And it's not golngi to be- come as general as the use of soap, hairpins or powder puffs. "Thare always will be those women who won't smoke, so gentlemen who object to tobacco in the parlor needn't Tiave it there. Ijotu <Eo JDcablp IBidjlonbr long distances by the scent of food car- ried down by the flowing water Bass occasionally are caught still fishing at midday in deep water. Usually they Fish learn to know their enemies and ta earlV morning hours, remember effort to do them harm In Iate ln the afternoon or at night, when lakes where cattle may stand in-the shal- are searching for food .along the lows flsh about them familiarly, shallops of lakes and m the swift water but when a man approaches there is an of streams. Small bass are gregarious, instant aeruromg to distant depths And large bass "flock by themselves." Sunflsh In like manner flsh learn to know and love to play and feed in shallows, adja- phun lures that have pricked In the cent to deep, still pools, arid, like crappie, past are likely to be found in the vicinity of Without considering the idiosyncracies sunken tops, logs and stumps. Fish of flsh. -which .impel them at one time to on or near the bottom for catfish, fish on "bite" voraciously and refuse at another the bottom, when the bottom is smooth time to manifest the slightest Interest In and the water shallow, for sunfish, when jnything offered them, there are certain the water is deep or the bottom foul, in requisites in the matters of tackle and midwater', fish in midwater for crappie, method of piocedure essential to success hsh in shallow water, jiear the1 shore, in angling for the sophisticated denizena for bass, keeping out of yourself, NEWSPAPER! A SAFE AND SANE FOTJBTH. [Hazel (Ky The .fourth of July Was' celebrated in a sane manner at this place Friday under the auspices' of lobes' Missionary Society of the M. E. Church, South. Miss Ethel Cecil delivered the address of welcome, and the response was made by Judge Hugh ftiddell, and sincerity was in every sentence A recitation was made by Miss Sue Long, and then came a chicken-pie dinner. Judge Rid- dell spoke in advocacy of his candidacy of his nomination for Circuit Judge arid gave many logical reasons why he should succeed himself. His reasoning was so convincing that several were heard to remark that he ought to be nominated, and some avowed that he would be the next Circuit Judge without any doubt Others also made speeches. VICTIMS OF MISTAKE IN FUTURE. [New Tork Press world-wide account of how shaped like a bow, In the arm or any Banker Sanders Walker of one so that the patient's own blood Macon, Ga., struggled nearly will leave the upper part of the arm ten days against the deadly and enter his crescent-like canal, one bichloride of mercury tab- through which it flows, to finally re- let already has stirred up thfe lethargic turn to the indlvidul's own blood- laboratory scientists, the experimental stream In the lower arm. This Is the chemists, the practicing physicians, and first time that any, one has ever sug- vthe complacent legislative bodies. While gegted handling a man's blood while one or two over-suggestible persons haVe it was alive and flowing through his since committed suicide from the public- veins. t ity given to the Georgia victim these This invention places all of the blood no doubt would have received a similar In. your body at the disposal of the suggestion sooner or-later by word of surgeon, who can examine It, dilute It, mouth, and the good already wrought -weaken -it filter it, analyze it, and by the newspaper accounts has resulted finally allow it to flow on like the in at least two discoveries that may be gentle Avon, after It has been the means of saving such patients In the purified and strengthened. stop- future cocks inserted in two places in the Dr. Bertram Bernheim of Baltimore, tube allow the doctor to flag the as one instance, has invented a, little ing bipod as long as he pleases. Thus instrument that is not unlike a glass every ounce of blood ta your body can and rubber gas hose with two stop- "be brought -to a pause for a longer or cocks on It. Since Dr. Alexis Carrel in- shorter period, and any kind of harm- vented his method of transfusing blood less manipulation can be carried on. form one person to another merely by Meanwhile, the rest of the blood is inserting a T-shaped tube Into the switched off in another channel and arteries of one and connecting them the circulation is in no way interfered with the' veins the arms of the one -with. At the same time a solution of a who is to receive the blood, it has certain salt keeps the stationary parts been a. comparatively simple matter of the blood from clothing, and at the to save many lives where formerly al- same time this Is transpiring the surgeon most sure death occured. can abstract every last vestige of such Dr. Bertram Bernheim, who has im- poison as bichloride of mercurj proved on many of Dr. Carrel's devices. Moreover, this is all done in less than can now Insert one of these glass tubes, the seven minutes necessary for all ot the blood to com pie a full circuit of the body. If, however, there Is any rea- son for the patient to rest, eat or attend to his business, or for the doctor to go about his affairs, a bandage is put around the arm. vand at some other time the filtering is continued. The boon that such a contrivance could have worked for Mr. Walker Is evident He lived more than a week and the seven grains of the poison must have circulated over and over and over again through- out the poor fellow's ibooy. Yet no one thought ot a trap such as this, strangely simple as It is. One hasty Johns Hopkins surgeon sug- gested the transplantation of new kid- neys into Mr. Walker's body, but so radl- a suggestion Is obviously an error, because the new kidneys would have In turn been injured by the mercury which was being constantly transported hither and thither by the blood. The Bernheini trap, it is plain, would have even permit- ted the engrafting of new kidneys, but -this would have been unnecessary. Another -value of this new- device Is that, if by chance some of the blood clots or a otherwise lost during the procedure, the bow-shaped trap can be quickly connected with some other per- son's arteries and new blood, -wholly free of bichloride, can be sent Into the victim's body. Since the elimination of poison is what nature attempts, and this elimina- tion must of course come from the stom- ach. the intestines, the perspiration and the kidneys will suffer the most injury. This new invention will, if it works in practice, save the kidneys all such oner- ous labor. Hence the victim will re- cover. Hitherto, when any one either inten- tionally or accidentally takes a poison of this nature, the treatment consists in emptying the stomach promptly and trying in every to preyent the poison from entering the blood. For this purpose emetics and stomach tubes- are 'used- The stomach is filled again and again with a solution <cJf milk and eggs and the whole contents "repeatedly removed. T3ie egg and milk- mixture combine? wdth the poison, making the same inert, and also, being a fluid, it assists in Washing the material from the stomach cavity. If this is not successful and the poison passes into the blood then the method of treatment becomes entirely changed. Tour effort must be directed to diluting the poison in the blood and, if possible, to use other organs than those damaged to accomplish this result. For this purpose the skin of 'the entire whigh Is called the "third kidney is used. The skin is capable, of doing exactly what .the klflneys are accus- tomed to do, provided every assistance is given. The victim Is given large amounts of fluid, both by stomach and through the1 bowels, and is then placed In hot blan- kets or in a hot-air stimulating perspiration and with It eliminating the bodily poisons. This processes repeated'' as often as the strength of "the patient will permit. Medicines are given and innumerableTtruc- for the lilies of the field, as well as tural fctomB ape hurTying about> all other forms of plant life, Is Incessant ing thelr and tasks work; It is only Ijecause they are placid of CAN YOU ANSWER THEM? [Kansas City Star 1 A Washington correspondent protests that the questions propounded to candi- dates for admission to the naval school at Annapolis are needlessly severe. As evidence he offers these, taken at ran- dom from a recent quiz: What effect did the. Battle of Crecy have upon feudalism and chivalry? State the significance of Shay e Re- oellion State concisely the achievements of DeNarvaez. What brought about the union of the two most important states of Spain' What was decided at the Battle of Bannockburn Identify the Hussites What is meant by "the hegiraT' State concisely jtite chief significance of Plataea Give briefly the of conquest of Darius I. of mien, and do not visibly hurry and Everyone has noticed the tremendous fret and strain, that we conclude they lf imperceptible force exerted by grow- lead a life of luxurious ease, Idling away lng _plants when thelr development is a more or less brief season as ornaments reBtricted by stOnes or other obstacles on the landscape If plant actions could A beed may !oudge ,n a of be magnified in speed they would quickly earth ln a crevlce of a'KranUe convince the observer as to the labor they germlnate alld Send tlny aeinoat, roots perform. _ feeling their way deeper into the re- William F. Ganong, professor of bot- 8trtcted aperturc Thelr patn. any in Smith College, says in his book, slow but lrresistlble In tne "The Living Plant." something ot what Qf Hme UMe whjch ft might be seen if Plant labors Were so BUch envlronraenti hastened. "Then the ooserver would see Jnto the tip of every growing plant structure roots nodding and moving energetically about, of so that a meadow, a copse or a forest would seem all of a vigorous tremble, ae if straining at some hidden leash; be would see the touds of some fldwers open sturdy, towering tree and split and rertt asunder weighing tons The roots of planted along city streets frequently throw out of place ponderous curbstones like a rocket when It to a spray of many colored lights, roots in their efforts to penetrate the earth turnmg-and ts, j, ample of twisting like angleworms; seedlings in companylng Illustration, taken from Prof struggle to break through the pavements themselves are uplifted and plants. Even soft-bodied fungi, such as are capable of burst- ing upward an asphalt pavement, an ex- thls being shown In the ac- their round heaving and straining at the bur- Ganong's book Students of plant Hfe have found that squashes and other den of superincumbent soil, like a power- gourd-like growthb, when harnessed to ful man at some load which has fallen the proper recording machinery, upon him, tendrils swooping in curves thousands of pounds pressure "Every through the air, gripping the first thing they meet and jerking their plants toward the support." And that incessant labor, none the less real because the movements are too slow operatioh of plant Professor Ganong says, "Involves some movement, and therefore real work, so that animals and plants are working, and often right hard from the physical point of view, when they merely are keeping conclusion from which the reader Is to be seen by human eyes, Is going on welcome to draw any comforts can." :WSPAPLR