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Washington Globe Newspaper Archive: December 14, 1830 - Page 1

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   Washington Globe (Newspaper) - December 14, 1830, Washington, District Of Columbia                                 Francis Prehton Blaib, will publish* ia|tli Cify of Wwhlngton, a newspaper entitled, ...  TIIK GLOBE.  It is the purpose of the Editor to dedicate this paper to the discussion and maintenance of the priri- j ciples "which brought General Jackson into office, and which he brought with him into office," which have been asserted in his several messages to Congress, and sustained by the course of his admin* i*t ration. A» a mead* of giving permanent effect to those principles, which are considered essential to the preservation .peace, apd prosperity of the Union, the election of the- president for a second term will be advocated. His nomination for re-election by the State* of Pennitylvania, Ohio, New-York, and New-Hampshlre, together With various other manifestations throughout the Union, leave no doubt as to the indirfduil Whom the Rfepttblieans of the rnnnfry require to assume the attitude of a candidate, as a means of producing unanimity in the support of their principles. The political aim of this paper will be directed to aid in the accomplishment of these objects. It will have no participation in creating divisions in the Republican party, by advocatM^ the pretensions of any in its ranks, who may now endeavor to press their claims to the succession. When, at a future time, as on the present occasion, the voice of the Republican» of the Union shall have indicated the Candidate relied on to give effect to their principles the Uloue will be prepared to support that individual, whatever may be the personal predilections of the Editor.  The increasing interest of the political agitation* and struggles of Europe, will invite much attention to that quarter of the world; and arrangements will be promptly made to obtain the earliest intelligence.  It is intended, also, to give the Globk a literary and miscellaneous character. Selections from period  . ■ A  'the wòrl» t* tiov*rned too much."  NO.  CITY OF WASHINGTON, TUESDAY PnCÉMli^Ttil^i^rT  But, the charge of corruption is intended to] health, the happiness and virtue which 1» eve apply to the people—to the constituents of ry where visible amongst our agricultural the pledged members. They are accused <if community—amongst the hardy yeomanry bargain and corruption, because they have who cultivate our hilts and our fertile valleys, given their agents to understand, that their We are not the enemy of manufactures— wiU must be regarded and obeyed intheelec- neither are we so much in love with that of Senator. Gan the charge be well branch of American industry that we would knot. Though we disap- sacrifice every other interest to promote its prove of the practice of electing members, advancement Manufactures should have a pledged to do this or that, we cannot perceive reasonable protection, such as would place any thing corrupt in it. As voters, we gener- them upon a footing of equality with the other ally prefer a man, whose opinions are known' great interests of the country, but nothing fur   r  - -  t l i(l; .. „..„u _ 1-'— - «»  VOL.  to accord with our own-—yet it does not fol low that the citizens of a county are necessarily corrupt, if they elect an individual pledged to do their will. A principal might be charged with corruption, with equal proprie-  the»; and for such a policy the New-Hamp-éhire delegation in Congress contend-r-and such a policy the people of New-Hampshire approve; whilst the Boston Aristocracy, disregarding the interest of the people, and in  . , , 4------r,----- s  —wivic.h v»» mc peVj/IC, HI HI III-  ty, for requiring his agent to follow instrac- tent only on ministering to their own avarice, tions in Abe transactiou of the ordinary busi- contend for a system, which if carried out to ss of Ijfe. the extent of their wishes, would break down __________________________________ _______ When Mr. Clav declared that the will of his and ruin every small manufacturing establishes of the highest reputation will adorn its columns, constituents should be the rule of his conduct* ment, carried on by individual capital and in  »O gratify the 8 e Y[fon^ d manufa!ture» ^culture " no matter how  ^at will was ascertained"— dividual enterprise,—destroy the laboring me-commence"and^the'arts, ¡"will be made subservient when, in order to insure his re-election to clianic, and swallow up the industry of faroi-  i. 1L. «uftil nuMliiU aT th* rnlinirw  'Congress, he pledged himself to his constilu- lues.—They would tax our farmers enonnous-entoy to vote for the repeal of the odious com- ly for the necessaries of life, in order to swell pensation late which he contributed to pass at the wealth of those who aim at a control not a previous session, was Mr. Clay, as well as only of the property, but of the lives and lithe majority who voted for him, necessarily berties of the common people. Who would corrupt? Or, did Mr. Clay, on that oefcasion, rejoice to witness in this country such a state make a corrupt bargain, in order to insure of things as exist in the manufacturing Dis-his re-election to Congress? This question tricts of England, and such as is set forth in dolfars per annum"; for the Weekly two dollar* and fifty eafr, we think, be decided by the people, with- the following description of Manchester, by a cents, paid in advance. For si* months the Semi- out the assistance of naturalists. traveller:*  "" he  three  dollars, and for three But, how did Mr. Clay act, when thus J. had provided us with letters to a gentle-  pledged to vote for the repeal of the corapen- man in Manchester; we delivered them after FromtheLouisville Daily Journal. sation law? He acted as all honest men will breakfast, and were received with that cour-  PLEDGED MEN. expect the pledged members to act at the ap- tesy which a foreigner, when he takes, with  Although for the last three or four month« proaching session of the Legislature. He re- him the expected recommendations is sure to we have had little to do with newspapers. <»«"¡«1 his pledge, by voting for the repeal of experience in England. He took us to one of we have learned, from an occasional glance the law-and the people will expect the the cotton manufactunes, showed us the   we  th t several of the friends of members of the Legislature we have named, number of children who were at work there,  Mr. ClS, members of the Kentucky Legisla- to redeem the pledp they have given, by ho- and dwelt with delight on the infinite good mr. v/itty, " nestly aiding m the election of a Senator which resulted from employing them at so ear-  ture, are represemea .»y«'^— J - friendly to the present administration. How ly an age. I listened without contradicting  dare Mr. Clay ask them to do otherwise, him, for who would lift up his voice against when his pledge and the subsequent redenp- Diana in Ephesus!—proposed my questions in tion of ii, are still fresh in the recollection of such a way as not to imply, or at least not to the public?  If selfish and corrupt considerations prompted Mr. Clay to vote for Mr. Adams m contempt of the public will, the act has not clothed him with authority to require others to sa-  to the useful pursuits of th« country.  A faithful summary of the proceedings of Congress will be regularly furnished.  The Globe: will at present he published semi-weekly and weekly. It is hoped that a liberal patronage will coon enable the £ditor to make it a daily paper.  T&ilMSt  The Globk will be printed on a large Imperial sheet: the price of the Semi-weekly paper will be five  weekly paper will months two dollars.  having been elected to office in consequence of a pledge previously giveu to vote for a Jackson Senator^ to Congress. This may be so, and it may not. The members of the Jackson party, in some of our counties, may have been not only wicked enough but weak enough to strike bargains with a few of the more unprincipled of their opponents. If, however, they did so, we should be pleas-  but t would be a strange proposition if Congress should be asked to lay a land taxfor the direct pur ? u " i,Udrftwlri S capital from agriculture, and -«.ding those engaged in it to other pursuit». The power, however, exfcrts in one case, as much as in the other. It ts not easy, it must be confused, to draw a limit m such cti*e*> and therefore, perhaps it must be presumed, m all cases, that the power was  die of diseases induced by unremitting task work, by conftnefiftfgit in the impure atmosphere of crowded rooms, byfhc particles of metallic or vegetable dust which they are continually inhaling; or they live to grow up without decency, without comfort; and without hope; Without morals, without religion, and without shame; and bring forth slaves like themselves to tread In tfe*j»roc path of misery.  The dwelling» of the laboring manufacturers are in narrow Streets and lanes, blockaded up from light and air, not aslji our country to exclude an insupportable sun, buterowded together because every inch of land is of such value, that room for air and light cannot lie afforded them. Het;e in Manchester a great propor-itonofthe poor lodge in cellars, dantp and dark, where every kind of filth is suffered to accumulate, because na exertions of domestic care can ever make such homes decent. These places are so many aot-  beds of infection» and the poor in hrge towns are „ ulin iyil nie* a* pres<  rarely or never without aft infectious fever among tracts, Will 110 doubt astonish many them a plague of their own; which loaves the hatiita- (hi* quarter; for if Governor Mill tions of the rich, life* * Goshen of cleanliness and .„.ihA^o«^.» —  visimn Ére vtrnÏÏÇ nSSSd. TIM ^«clfoïfSu enormous fefyfe tobaceo, mi th« alinosi p«hib to-  lixz «trliS-"*" -  termination of the a Iba hope "that tho  present ad«*,  from the (Peter »burg, Va.) Old Dominion  GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE.  K^ for mevngm, The Resident'. » before our readers ^ the preceding columns. Gov Fioyd's to-the legislature of this State Wju L Si HAed entire on Cin^day.Tt^ r^l doc«me»t, having special^ ¿ference to  " „re? ui •  1 O IU '  u was  * question ">« succ«a»(ul termination of our ueroliation m 5S  ^  y / ;; ,n  i ;  JU , dgment ' ^  be con »Wered h Con- Court of Si. J***,  OB  the subjee^T^ gr«s, uJiethtr it wm a fair and juM exerdee of trade, ha» been highly «aUMi« <td our^nsSte?. pow, r to rfcvote the incidental far -while the XIX ^S^  ed to know in what respect their conduct  crifice  themselves by following his example.  differs fr&ih that, which has been so freely and bitterly charged upon the western members of Congress, who votea for Mr. Adams in 1825. According to the Jackson party, those members said to Mr. Adams—"We will vote for you, if you will appoint our friend Mr. Clay to office." At the late election in this State, the Jacksonians, if they them selves are to be believed, said to the supporters of Mr. Clay—"We will vote for you, if you will support our friend Mr. Rowan, for office." The latter bargain is spoken of by our Jackson friends, with exultation and pride  From the JVew Hampshire Patriot.  Concord, Dec. 6, 1830 In Mr. Webster's language, did not New Hampshire throw her six representative votes, her whole influence, for such measures, which,  advance, any difference of opinion; and returned with a feeling at heart which makes me thank God I am not an Englishman-  There is a shrub in some of the East India islands which the French call velouticr; it exhales an odor that is agreeable at a distance, becomes less so as you draw nearer, and when you are quite close to it is insupporta bly loathsome. Alciatus himself could not have imagined jui emblem more appropriate to the commercial prosperity of England.  Mr. -— remarked that nothing could be  if adopted, would have turned her flourishing I so beneficial to a country as manufactures.  ..illnnaa _____1 .1____ i.l UV....___iL... J__________'« 1 ».  villages into desolation, and left them but a wreck of what they were?—Boston Courier.  In the above sweeping paragraph, the New Hampshire delegation in Congress are accused of nothing short of voting for measures, which,  "You see these children, sir," said he, "In most parts of England poor children are a burden to their parents and to the parish; here the parish, which would else have to supjport them, is rid of all expense; they get  if adopted, would have ruined the interests of their bread almost as soon as they can run  but the bare mention of the former throws ! ^eir constituents, and which, were the charge  true, instead of deserving the approbation and future support of the people, ought to consign them to the iafamy Attached to Prince Polig-nac and the e^-ministers of France. But when we see a charge sweeping and unqualified as the above, brought against men possessing the entire confident»! of the people,  we are led to review their conduct and to . .. , . _  . - . r  thp5r  oaners?—Whv [consider what those measures are for which tie creatures were playing tn the machinery,  editors m they have voted, and which, had they been half giddy myself with the notsejuid endless  they ^ to ^ sure that the party » ^^ ^ ^  them K  motion: ^and when he tnM ^  r   ide up of political knaves wno laugn Honor ^^  nces . i n  doing so, we can find  them into the most frightful convulsions. Why? It is a question for naturalists.  "It has greatly amused us, to observe how busily and clamorously the Jackson editors are praising the integrity of those Clay men, whose votes they are endeavoring to secure. They describe each one as a miracle of honesty and good ikith. What say these same  about, and by the time they are seven or eight years old. bring in money. There is no idleness among us:—they come at five in the morning; we allow them half an hour for breakfast, and an hour for dinner; they leave work at six, and another set relieves them for the night; the "wheels never standstill." I was iooking while he spoke, at the unusual dexterity with which the fingers of these lit—  made up of political knaves who laugh and integrity to scorn. Well—it may be, that some half dozen pledged Clay men in the State of Kentucky, have monopolized all the high qualities of the whole party—it may be that bargain and corruptiou have become the best possible proof ot purity—but it is very strange—very. We think, on the whole, that our opponents will do well to look carefully to their footing. Sinbad, the sailor, is not the only reckless adventurer, who has stood upon a whale's back mistaking it for an Island, and found himself splashing for life, at the first surging of the waters.  We have given place to the above article, that the gentlemen to whom it refers may not fail to see and puruse it.  The remark, that "the members of the "Jackson party in some of the counties, may "have been not only wicked enough but weak "enough to strike bargains with a few of the "more unprincipled of their opponents," may be viewed as an accurate developement of the sentiments of Mr. Clay towards that  Portion of the members of the Legislature, 'hey are charged with having "bargained n  for their seats, because they declared they would, in the election of Senator, be governed by the will of their constituents; and they tre denounced, as the "unprincipled" portion f the Clay party, because they did not think i right to abandon their former principles in rder to promote the ambitious designs of Mr. Clay. They are even ridiculed for adhering to tfie doctrine, that it is the duty of the Representative to be governed by the will of those he may represent. The Journal says 'it may be that some half dozen pledged Clay en in the State of Kentucky, have monopo* zed all the high qualities of the whole party— 1  may be that bargain and corruption have be-ome the best possible proof of purity." What reply will be made to this, by J. B-ompson of Mercer, Dr. C. A. Rudd, and . Spalding of Washington, IV. JR. Grigsby f Bullitt, Thomas Uayy.cs of Caldwell, W. P. lowler of Livingston, H. H. Russell of Ni-holas, Dr. DiUis Dyer, of Ohio, John Brown of Owen, &c.  Have they really been guilty of making orrupt bargains to get into the Legislature? i have they only promised to be governed y the known will of a majority of their con-ituents?  Has the authority of the people sunk so w in the estimation of Mr. Clay and his fol-wers, that it is only regarded now by the more unprincipled" portions of the party? ime was, when Mr. Clay and his followers id not profess to think so contemptibly of he power and authority of the people—but, ince their leader allied himself to the aristo-rats of the north, the  (t tune is changed "  no act of theirs that we could wish they had left undone, and no vote given by them, that we could wish recalled; and so far from their conduct involving the consequences denounced by Daniel Webster's organ, they are directly the reverse. Instead of carrying desolation to our flourishing tillages, the measures adopted by the last Congress, and for which our delegation voted, has given additional prosperity to them. ■ '  During the last session of Congress and act was passed, reducing the duties on salt, teas, coffee, and several other articles of consumption with all classes of the community, whereby the people are saved a considerable tax. The New Hampshire delegation voted in favor of an exchange of territory with the Georgia Indians; they voted against the wasteful and extravagant appropriation» to build the Buffaloe, the Maysville, and several other roads; and they voted in favor of giving the President power to declare our ports open to British ships whenever he should be assured of a removal of the restrictions which prohibited our trade with the West India Islands. Has the editor of the Boston Courier reference to either of these votes, as tending to desolate our villages? If not, yvi\\ he have the goodness to point out those does mean. It is certainly new to the people in this State, to hear the doctrine <nlvanoud j  «hat n reduction of taxes, assessed upon the middling and laboring classes, cau operate to their destruction; and neither can the eloquence of Daniel Webster nor the sophisiry of the Courier editor convince them, that such reduction is not a real benefit, and one that tends much to their prosperity. Neither can our people be made to believe that their prosperity will be advanced by the appropriation of millions of their hard earnings to build roads and canals for the people of the West; and the Courier will find it nearly as hard a task to convince them, that the establishment of overgrown manufacturing monopolies sustained by foreign capitals, and managed by foreign artizans, which take the place and swallows up the industry of every family and every mechanic heretofore engaged in producing the same articles, are calculated to advance either the wealth, the independunce, or the happiness of our citizens. To view the exterior of a flnurishing manufacturing establishment and its dependences, is no doubt a pleasing sight—but when we witness the appearance of wretchedness of those creatures, who devote their lives to swell the wealth of men who already possess a superabundance—*rheu we witness the poverty, depravity and misery, engendered in these sinks of pollution, the heart sickens Mid the soul is pained—and we instinctly turn from the disgusting picture to contemplate the  rest in these walls, day nor night, I thought that if Dante had peopled one of his hells with children, here was a scene worthy to have supplied him with new images of torment.  "These children, then," said I, "have no time to receivc instruction." "That, sir," he replied, "is the evil which we have found. Girls are employed here m the age you see them till they marry, and then they know nothing about domestic work; not even how to m£nd a stoeking or boil a potatoe. But we arts remedying this now, and send the children to school for an hour after they have done work." 1 asked if so much confinement did not injure their heaith—"No," he replied, "they are as healthy as any children in the world could be. To be sure, many of them, as they grew up, went oil in consumptions, but consumptions was the disease of the English." I ventured to inquire afterwards concerning the morals of the people who were trained up in this monstrous manner, and found what was to be expected, that in consequence of herding together such numbers of both «exes, who are utterly uniostructed in the commonest principles of religion and morality, they were debauched ana profligate as human beings under the influence of such circumstances must inevitably be: the men drunken, the women dissolute; that however high the wages they earned, they were too improvident ever to lay by tor a time of need; and that, though the parish was not at the expense of maintaining them when children, it had to provide for them in diseases induced by their mode of life, and in premature debility Mid old age; the poor-rates were oppressively high, and the hospitals and work-houses always full'and overflowing. I inquired how many persons were employed in the manufactory, and was told, children and all, about two hundred. What was the tirm of the house?—There were two partners. So! thought I,—a huudred to one!  "We are well off for hands in Manchester," said r.i,. —- . •  are  favorable to popula  tion, the poor are not afr*t<* - {,.  the parishes therefore have always plenty to apprentice, and we take them as fast as they can supply us. In new manufacturing towns they find it difficult to get a supply. Tbeir only, method is to send people round the country to get children from their parents. Women usually undertake this business; they promise the parents to provide for the children; one party is  5lad to be eased of a burthen, and it answers well to ie other to find the young on« in food, lodging and clothes, an4 receive their nmges." «But if these children should be ill-used?" said I." '"Sir," he replied, "it can never be the interest of the women to use them ill, nor of the manufacturers to permit it."  We purchase English cloth, English muslins, English buttons, &c. and admire the excellent skill with which they are fabricated, and wonder that from such a distance they can be afforded to us at so low a price, and think what a happy country is England! A happy country indeed it is for the higher orders; no where have the rich so many enjoyments, no where have the ambitious so fair a held, no where have the ingenious such encouragement, no where have the intellectual such advantages; but to talk of English happiness is like talking of Spartan freedom, the He-)pt» are overlooked, in no other country con such riches be acquired by commerce, but it is th« one who grows rich by the laborof the hundred. The hundred human beings like himself, as wonderfully fashioned by Nature, gifted by the like capacities, and equally made for immortality, are sacrificed body and soul. Horrible as it must needs appear, the assertion is true to the very letter. They are deprived in childhood of all instruction and all enjoyment; of the sports in which childhood instinctively indulges, of  fresh air by day »ad o( WtupU pleep by night» Thtir  - - . ' . i . . . ... «_____j. .i____  duce the people of New Hampshire-does th« f~.ii-.-j, fh«v urgre, directly tend, and to such j a state must we sooner or later arrive, should the policy for which they contend find countenance and | protection from the government.  Gotcmor Miller's Message to tlie Legislature o/|  a ' e to  » lo P ^ surveys and restrict the sales—for ano-  South Carolina.—The opposition papers on this que» tion—the JVewi York American, the -\~tic York Daily Advertiser, See. have favored their readers with sevoral instructive homilies on the recent Message of Governor Miller to the legislature of South Carolina. They admit—at least some of them admit that the document is well written. Our venerable  comfort, unvisited.  Wealth flows into Iho country, but how docc it cir culate thefe? Not <SquuUy and h< .ithfully through the wholft system; it uprouts into (lie wens and tumors» ap« collects in aneurisms which starve and palsy th» extremities. The 'government indeed raises n i fl ft o ns UOW ft * easily as it raised thousands in-the days of Kii'zaljelh : the metropolis ¡4 six times the .size which it wan a century asjo; it has nearly doubled during the present reign; a thousand carriage» drive a-bout the street« of London,, where, three generations ago, there were not an hundred; a thousand hackney coaches are licensed in the same city, where at the same distance of time there was not one; they whose grandfathers dined at noon, from wooden trenchcrs, ^nd upon the produce of their own'farms, sit down.^y the light of waxen tapers to be served upon silver, and to partake of delicacies from the four quarters mf the globe. But the number of the poor, aud the sufferings of the poor, have continued to increase; the price of every thing which they consume has always been advancing, and the price of lal»or, the only commodity which they have to dispose of, remains the same. Work-houses are erected in one place, and in-firnniries in another; the poor rates iucrease in proportion to taxes; and in times of dearth the rich even purchase food, and retail it to them at a reduced price, or supply them with it gratuitously: still every year adds to their number. Necessity is the mother of crimes; new prisons are built, new punishment enacted; but the poor become year after year more numerous, more miserable, and more depraved; end this is the inevitable tendency of the manufacturing system.  This system i.« the boast of England,—long may she continue to boast it before Spain shall rival her! Yet this is the system which we envy, and which we are so desirous to imitate. Happily our religion presents one obstacle; that incessant labor, which is required in these task-houses, can never be exacted iu a Catholic country where the Chureh has wisely provided so many days of leisure for the purposes of religion and enjoyment. Against the frequency of these holidays much has been said; but Heaven forbid that the clamor of philosophizing commerciallsts should prevail, and that the Spaniard should ever be brutalized by unremittihg task-work, like the neffroes in America and the laboring manufacturers in England! Let us leave to England the boast of supplying all Europe with her wares; let us leave these fords of the sea the distinction of which they are so tenacious, that of be ing the white slaves of the rest of the world, and do ing for it all its dirfy work. The poor must be kept miserably poor, or such a state of things could not continue; there must be laws to regulate their wages, not by the value of their work but by the pleasure of; their masters; laws to preveht their removal from one place to another within the kingdom, and to prohibit their emigration out of it. They would not be crowded in hot task-houses by day, and herded together in dark cellars at night; they would not toil in unwholesome employments from sun-rise to sun-set, whole days and whole days and quarters, for with twelve hours' labor tbe avidity of tra<to to »ot satisfied, they would not sweat night and day, keeping up this laus permnis of the Devil, before furnaces which are nev-  . „ ------- JllffWb  ry objeft, «r to speak more prqperly, to pursue the in£i»r in utter disregard of the former!  The singular Identity of the opinions of Governor Miller and Uaniel WeM*r, as presented in these ex  - ~ ...........good easy folks in  ____________ —ile*'s toinions are  nuliificatory on the tariff, Mr. Webste* himself must l>e the author, the father, the originator of .'he nullification doctrines of South Carolina. Who sajf» he is not?—A". Y. JCnq.  "H—-  MISSOUiti POLITICS. From tbe excellent Message of Gov. Miller, d«!iV' ered to both branches of the Legislature of Missouri,  on the lt>th ult. we copy the following tracts: , iguai  patience: it "has called forth m^Vd&^fo* "Hie expediency o extending the junsdiction of £ ' t  t he  j^le, which, in South CaroHna?S.  ^ L^u^itV^io" tie-^ia^«^Wof freedom only known to RepS  Slight, however, as is the alleviation of our^hur-  _______________— »1 >uv wmw «re  destined thereby to be greatly advanced, as willSiort-ly be made manifest by the large quantity of American shipping Which will find employment tti that trade« our own Slate, and our sister State of Nrfrth Carolina, it is hoped, will feel its beneficed influence in no smell degree- Norfolk, w&fv.fr m former time* •was its principal emporuim, and suffered *6Ve#efy by its loss* cannot fall to be advanced by its restoration.  "The amelioration ha the condition of things, the reduction afforded, at the last session of CoKg^«e tr  in the taxes on certain articles of prime »eCwsily, and  Rtneral, if not universal consumption, has undoubted, presented » subject of mutual congratulation to el( the inhabitants of the Unftm. ..  "Our suffering» tinder the mis-named American System fistve been and have been borne with  gislature. The States in the north-east ouaJter of the  r. J.______ £5_____■ i o . «!  Union have long «iride done so. Some of the Southern States have lately found it expedient to do so; and, for the exercise of this prerogative of sovereignty, one of them is about to be placed on trial before the Supreme Court of tho United States. A regular and ex  dens, a/forded by the measure referred to, yet, it furahfr mette»«} sincere gratulano» to &H trae friends of their country. ' They would fain recognfae im it the indcation of  tensive opposition to the performance, by Georgia, of I ?. ? ur P° 8e > part of the Federal Government, to  the same act which has been done without censure by many States, in another quarter of the Union, has fully developed itself; and this opposition to the exercise of  an ordinary attribute of sovereignty by one of the , , - -------------------------------,„  States, renders siill more apparent the necessity for  to  wmc regard, at length, tb the^astand earnest those in similar circuiiisUnces, to step forward at £ om P la,nt  u*ged long in vain, by the people, of th» once, and assert this indubitable right. Missouri has ^? ut " er . u  State*, and to relax somewhat of the Hgor several tribes of Indians within her limits. The ofap° li cy, unsanctioned by the Coastkutiofi, pKiiu-  hsten again to the voice of justice; to' revert to the romd maxims of nationaf policy, »od- vindicate the long vioteted principles of the Constitution rriieybail in it, at lèast adisjH>sit\on in Congru  ground they occupy, is not attached to any county, and hence the State officers cannot act in relation to the olFences committed upon it. This is manifestly in consistent with the sovereignty and policy of the State, Her sovereignty extends to her lines as fixed by her compact witn the United States, and by her Constitution. Further forbearance, under the circumstances by which we are surrounded, might be construed into a surrender of this right of the States; for it is now clear, that the monstrous doctrine of Indian Sovereignty, within the limits of the States, is to be maintained and enforced by a most extensive combi-  ____________  dicial to tbe general interests of the Union, and tn a peculiar degree burdensome to the South—pernicious*, at leaset, all will admit in this, (fatal it may b^fcoflse), in sowing discontent throughout the country, and thes weakening the affection for the gtyvernmen,t, which constitutes the only sure foundation of a struc-I turf, which, when it shall f*H* will bury in its rain»-the happiness of a whole peopTe—the hopes of » world.  • Protesting, as Virginia has always done, in common with a large portion of the Union against thi# most noxious system of policy ; foremost as she has  nation, who seem determined to provoke and abide  ev£r  i* 00 ! 1  tojpoint out and Condemn, a* weli lw \m-the disastrous consequences, Which may result from  c °» rt » tut .w>nahty r asits impolicy—convinced as shrift,  this attempt against the sovereignty of the State». The erection of a sovereignty within a sovereignty Is a solicism of the utmost absurdity  of its unjust and injurfeus influence upon her own peculiar interests, yet,fas she evinced a patience and  As independent forbearance wfeieh, one who looted to the magnitude and sovereign nations, the Kickapoos, Bhawnoss, and ?  the evi '» wu* the spirit her people, Wo«M not  Deiawares would abridge the sovereignty^ and circumscribe the jurisdiction of the State. Their territory, if their right to independence aud sovereignty be conceded, would become the workshop of crimes, and the refuge of criminals. Indian territory in the North Eastern States is not exempt from the operation of the State laws, nor are Indian themselves, in whatever  have expected, but in those who know hër in her ardent devotion to the Union, excites no surprfee. But true and warm aa is her patriotic ; t achmeht ta the Union, still long, disregarded complainte,  . „. ^ —,-------, and aggra  vated burdens, had, it was manifest, much increased her dissatisfaction, while elsewhere, opposition was assuming a tone of more determined hostility, part of the State they may be, beyond the reach of the . ' To  ' Congress under such circumstances, intro-civil and criminal codes of the States. Thus it should  d . uce  modifications, though slight, tn the »stem of du-be in every well regulated state. * ti« »uthorises the hope to be indulged, that,  The citizens of Missouri have already been greatly harrassed by the depredations of Indian»: and appeals to Congress are resorted to in vain. Year after year passes away before indemnity can be obtained, and often it cannot be obtained at all. Justice to the citizens, and the rignts and dignity of the State, re* quire Missouri to make the operation of her, laws coextensive with h«r limito. Tbe expediency of doing so is submitted to yob  The disposition to be an engrossing  Governnent continues to be a proprietor within  ^ _____, nof  weighing with a wise patriotism the supposed advantages of the Tariff, against the evils of a wide spread discontent or possibfe disunion, that body will retrace its steps, and relieve ut • ota its pressure and from the burden imposed; thus, again, to bring back to our country, that usual harmonv and good feeling, which has been too long disturbed, ahd which, at last, as it is the greatest of political blessings, aoy it should be the chief aim of all governments, to promote and p«r*  er suffered to cool, and breathing in vapors which in  evit&biy produce disease and death;—the poor would j states. Paying no taxes, fixing"their own never do these things unless they were miserably' poor, unless they were in that state of abject poverty Which precludes instruction, and by destroying afl hope for the future, reduces man like the brut««, to seek for nothing beyond the gratification of present wants.  To such a state as described in the foregoing letter would Daniel Webster and the Boston aristocracy re-  for such a «¿ate  of the public lands will continue __„  subject so long as the General , ¿l ^W,? t^^ng to communicate to you jesto be a proprietor within the pleasing intelligence which has been received i  passing penal'laws to punish the citizens in a! Court for trespasser makes the continuance proprietorship eminently disadvantageous to the States. The Federal Government has sold but little upwards, of a million of acre« in Missouri, and is now the owner ofjabove thirty-five millions. With an arbitrary minimum which keeps a great proportion of the public lands entirely out of market, the sales without a great  the from  the progress of  , deeply impressed with the principles of liberty, and the just claim which all nation* have to the blessing* of self government, has nobly struggled to establish her freedom tfcnragf* years of revolution; and in despite of the millions of bayonets arrayed against her, has finally succeeded.'  ' The last of her tyrants who risked his crown upon  to retard them still more. The last session of Congress will be memorable for a proposition iu the Sen-  w. - thü maintenance of arbitrary power, only toiefateiby  reduction of price, gratutlted to the quality, will not beett permitted  be completed within ages and centuries to come.—  to  from his throne, and has sought a place of  Slow as these sales progress, attempts have been made „.(w »  a  foreign country.  •The lamp of liberty, lighted up in that country, by the companion in arms of Lafayette,the compatriot of our Washington, and (he adopted citizen of Virginia, begins to illumine that hemisphere, and gives a sure and bright presage 6f the final triumph of popnlar  1  rights, fn all the government* on that continent.  ' This wonderful revolution, so trodden, so temoer-I ate, so wise, will be hailed with joy by all the nations  r»—i-J---------' —' '  ther in the House of Representatives, to divide the proceeds of the sales of the public lands among the several states according to their relative population— and for another in the Senate to remove all occupants therefrom. These several propositions were of the the new stat«  most injurious character to  states; and were  met with a becoming spirit of resistance by most of ^l^TSt^^ iv "t  a  »^ ¿"»f^tee,  the delegation fromthe^ States. By theirVer.ion. ^J^i^  disappointment wtion he touno Governor Miller say ing that South Carolina "cannot constitutionally secede from the union." He further complains that the Governor's language on the tariff policy is not 'always clear or explicit,'' and gives the following  extract as an instance :  * • • • » t  It is easy to perceive that Congress has not the the power to impose duties for protection : but where protection begins and revenue ends, is a more difficult proposition; and like all other frauds, must be unravelled by exainiuiug carefully motives and facts. It is competent, either in your legislative character, or by convention of the people to draw the line between revenue and protection; and when this is done, those who are required to execute your laws, must determine which is binding on them, the authority of] this State, or that of tbe United States. This entire question has been proposed to the wisdom and sound sense of the people, upon whom the responsibility must rest, either of resisting or submitting to the a-  merican system.  • * • « »  The jcreat question which has agitated this country ]  " fh«'. la-»' ---* —■— T------  :  ' f'nnjjPOM 41.» (.«»»  er to tax all other branches of domestic industry, in order to give the proceeds to the manufacturers of certain articles? The injustice of making by law, one man pay to support another, it is so apparent, that the right to do so ought to be manifest beforo it is asserted.  These extracts contain the principal points in the Message of Governor Miller, and whatever fault Mr Dwight and the opposition may find with them, or however obscure they may deem them, We can furnish them with the very highest eastern authority establishing these opinions. On the 2d of October, 1820, Daniel Webster, in Faneuil Hall, Boston, made a speech in favor of Certain resolutions on the tariff, one of which resolutions was the following:—  Kesolved, That no objection ought ever to be made to any amount of taxes, equally apportioned and imposed for the purpose of raising revenues necessary for the support of the government, but that taxes unloosed on the people for the sole benefit of any one class of men, are equally inconsistent with the principles of our Constitution and with sound policy.  The following is an extract from Mr. Webster's excellent speech, so convincing that the resolutions were carried by acclamation:—  It would hardly be contended that Congress pot« semed that sort or general power by which it might declare that particular occupations should be pursued in society, and that others should not.. If such power belonged to any government in this country, it cer  settlers and to cede the refuse to the states for the purpose of education and internal improvement. This plan has received the general sanctiou of the new states, is well caculated to hasten the sales of the public lands, and to furnish a home to every citizen; and had it been supported with that unanimity which had been anticipated, it would no doubt have ripened into a law before this time. A part of its provisions received the ¡sanction of the Senate at the last session. The price of the lands which had been three years or upwards in market at 25 cents per acre, was reduced by the Bill which passed that body, to one dollar per acre to ordinary purchasers and to»75 cents per acre to actual settlers; and a pre-emptive clause was adopted, securing such settlers in their possessions. These provisions it is to be hoped, will re-wive the sanction of both Houses of Congress, and become a law at the ensuing session. They will cure a part of the evils under which the new states labor,  produce collision—-and the free can have no motive but to be just and generous.  * May we not fondly anticipate the neaf approach of that era, when in the lairrtfage of our veneratwf cotmtryman, now no more, the great truth shall be made manifest, * that the mass of mankind were not. born with saddles on their backs, or a favored few, hooted and spurred ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God ?"  Wishing you, gentlemen, a successful issue to-your deliberations, I have the honor to be* fee.'  JOHN. FLOYD.  Mhsouri.—Th« following h the tatest' intelligence of the proceedings of tbe Legislatur«of Missouri:  We learn from Jefferson tb*t Col. John Thornton bas been chosen Speaker of the Iloûse, S a nue I  bût not the whole of it. An immense proportion of C. Owens, Clerk. James H. Birch ha*been appeunt-the land now remaining to to be sold is not worth ed Secretary of the Senate. No particulars of tbu  seventy-five cents per acre. Further reductions to fifty cents, and twenty-five cents, and eventually still lower will be necessary; and donations to actual settler«, --.ivd ««ji^i-tilly to indigent ftunilies, should never be lost sight of.  "The recovery of a direct trade With the Brjtish West India Islands,, a commercial treaty with Turkey and the opening of the ports of the Black Sea to our Commerce, are auspioious erents, and strong evidence of the just regard for the United States, with which the administration of President Jackson has inspired foreign Government«* The trade to the Waat India.lslands it of pecujiar value to the Western States, Missouri inclusive, both from the position of those Islands, so convenient to the mouth of the Mississippi, and the articles they take from us, consisting of our surplus provisions, and the return cargoes, consisting partly of gold and silver, and partly of other articles, not tbe growth or produce of tbe United States. A direct trade in such articles, wa* not only valuable in itself to the Western Slates, but absolutely essential to put these Slates on an equal footing in regard to this trade with those on the margin of tho St. Lawrenee river, whose products could be shipped from British ports, and in British vessels, while the same description of articles from the west, would iucur double freights,commissions and iosuraa-ces, it seeking an indirect route, patting through an intermediate port, belonging to some foreign power, and thus aoqiiiring a new national character before they couid reach the Briti^jsiands. The restorattM of this direct intercourse will save time and money,  tainlvdid not belonjr to the general government. The »»11 »RWs* the coosumptiun of the products of the ÎSn S, therefore, am? he ttiought it a very se- United States in those }  rious question, whether in laying dudes under the au thority to lay imposts, obviously given for the pur-noaes of revenue, Congress eon, reasonably and  health physical and moral is alike destroyed; they Vfairlv. lost sight c,f purposes entirely, and lew  "*£spriella'> leu^from England, tol. 1, p. W " \dnties for other objects, ¿on^ress may tax the land;  [ the Union on an equal footing with regard U* it and will lead to promote the harmony of the \*o cow tries, and to introduce further ameliorations in tbeir  have yet reached ua> These elections look pretty Hue Par the "Little Red." Tbe candidates elected are all thorough going friends of Jackson. Mr. I&rtoa cannot be. reelected.  Tbe Edinburgh Review, inc sr late artkle on the memoirs and cotmpondence of Mr. JeflSfteon, says■:■  "Independent and incorruptible, taftneif, 8«, was proud of the virtue of the party wiuy«feich he acted, audoesAdenl in his beiwftfasrt the poppiar wiil,wbiltt uuvitiated by the pervert« laweatvd tt**uj>t habits of communities where commerce and distinction of orders had prevailed, might bo trusted a» the sole principle of government. ,r   This was truly a position of the gveatjipestXe of the Democracy, and one which the character ef our people and the course of events have fully sustained.— An abiding confidence ic the hoaeSty, integrity and» right judgment of the people, was ar leading artieie or the republican faith, and has been from the begta* ning a guiding principle of the party with which Sfr-Jefferaon acted. Ob tbe contrary, • low esti«Mte of the intelligence and integrity of the people, and a belief that they could be easily duped and misled by thef assumption of nanus supposed to he popular, aad by^ tricks and devices, have characterised tbe opponents-of that party. Each party starting fretn suefrgrounds, has pumiedUs obje*«*» Tbe Repobtiea» tarty, witl» a strait forward course, attuning; dinguises, ao<r playing off no humbugs, hasjpfaserred nearly the uninterrupted confidence o^he people. Ilq opponent» bnve found the peopU nflk ft«p£j$an *nd more boo-Mt than their estimate of tb^  defeat, and Mt unfrequently disgrace, bue« a» unk  toS^r«.¿wïSïïr¿ssferassìiSf'ssr ■ ""*  the rcceptioD of American tvlwoco und pMitoaiir«» | •* ««■ •**»•   

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