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Washington Globe Newspaper Archive: December 11, 1830 - Page 1

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   Washington Globe (Newspaper) - December 11, 1830, Washington, District Of Columbia                                 Francis Pmbstoh BiiAir, will publish, in (hr CKy of Washington, a newspaper entitled,  THE GLOBE.  It ifl the purpose of the Editor to dedicate this paper to tlw discussion and maintcnaflce of the principles "which brought General Jacksim into offit e, and which he brought with him into olRce," which have been asserted in his several mesHagcs to Congress, and sustained by U>e course of hin administration. As a means of giving permanent eifeot to those principles, which arc considcrwi essential to the preservation, peace, and prosperity of fhe Union, the election of the president for a second term will l»e l^vocated. His nomination for rc-etcclion by the States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, New-York, and New-Hampihirc, together with various other manifestations throuj^hout the Union, leave no «loubt as to tlie fndfvfduat w'hoin tile Rej»iibilrans of ihecoiinu y le-qulre to assume the attitude of a candidate, as a means of producing unanimity in the support of their principles. The political aim of this paper will be directed to aid in the accompHshmont of these objectu. It will have no participation in creating <livisions in the Republican party, by advocating the pretensions of any in its ranks, who may now endeavor to press their claims to Uie succession. When, at a f^tme time, as on the present occasion, the voice of the" Republicans of the Union shall have indicated the Candidate relied on to give effect to their principlci, the Gkoru will be prepared to support that indtvidual, whatever n»^ be the personal predilections of the E<U>or.  The increasing interest of tlie political ag^itations and struggles of Europe, wilMn.vite much attention to that quarter of the wofld; a^d arrangements will be promptly made to obtain the earliest intelligence.  It is intended, also, to give the Gi,oiik a literary itid miscellaneous character. Selections from periodicals of the highest reputation will adorn its rolnmns, to gratify the general rca«ler; while, as a vehicle of aniormation in relation ^o manufactures, agriculture, commerce, and the arts, it will be made subservient to the useful pursuits of the country.  A faithful summary of the proceedings of Congress will be regularly furnished  tsm  He  sssr li«»  NO.  The Glob£ wU at present be published semi-weekly  patronage" will the Editor to make it a dally paper.  and weekl ¿00D enab!  Í0 (  It is hoped that a liberal  TERMS:  The Globe will be printed on a large Imperial •«hcet: the price of the Semi-weekly paper will be five dollars per annum; for the Weekly two dollarsand fifty cents, paid in advance. For six months the Semi-weekly paper will be three dollars, and for three months two dollars.  KEPORT OF THE SECRET AR V OF WAR. Wxn Department, lnt December, 1830. To the President of the Uniled Stales:  Sir: I have the honor to make known to you the operations of this Department during the present year, and to öfter such suggestions as appear to me necessary to be preseiited. The Army, at the different positions it lias occupied along our western and southern borders has been engaged in preserving quiet a-long those quarters, and has fully succeeded. Fears were entertoined of a nipture of serious character amongst some of our northwestern tribes of Indians; but the presence of a military force, and the exercise of a proper discretion on the part of those to whom the trust of reconciling them was confided, has had the effect to arrest it, and pejice has been the conse-quencck Simib.r apprehensions have recently been entertained of Uie Indians who reside on our southwestern bjdundary*, bordering ou the province of Texas, and precautionary steps i«ave been taken to prevent any acts of hostility. The vigilance, intelligence, and discre-fion of our officers afford a belief that, by their exertions, these distant tribes can be retained at peace with each other. Occasional interruptions have arisen from marauding parties, who range through the forest, and, at points distant ft-om our posts, commit ajigrewsions: ^ese acts, in turn, produce retaliation. It k important to prtÄibit these commissions, if possible, though no other plan can be suggested than what has already, heretofore, been presented; viz: an authority to employ a de-tachment of mounted troops. These, ranging ' through the country at different places, and at jurregular periods, would do much more towards preserving peace with our Indian tribes, «ud quiet along our borders, than could be ef--- iected through any augmentation of our posts.  II regret to say that desertions from the Army are of not less frequent occurrences than heretofore. The number, for the present year, will exceed one thousand. Various efforts have been made, and many theories suggested, to arrest an evil so injurious to the operations and character of an army. None have succeeded! The benevolent intention of the act of Congress of last winter, which took from tlie offence the penalty of death, and in obedience to the spirit of which, all past offences of tiie kftid were by you directed to be forgiven, has had no restraining, no salutary effect. I am not an advocate for the severity of penalties. The hope of reward, more frequently than the fear of punishment, operates beneti-cially upon mankind. A resort to both might be serviceaHle. While penalties corresponding to the nHure of the offence might be imposed upon 4tHnquents, the faithful and good jsoldier should be cheered witli the expecta-ütion ofceward. To this end, an authority to make some rdl ^onable com'pensatiou to those % ■ who obtain an lionorable discharge should be granted. In conformity to this opinion, I would take occasion to suggest, that, while «ome adequate punishment for so gross a violu-ion of duty as that of abandoning a service oluntarily assumed, be imposed, it may also e provided that the soldier who serves faith-f fully, and is honorably discharged, shall re-" ceive, at the termination of his enlistment, 4)ne hundred and twenty dollars. Let him receive, iiisteJid of his present pay, four dollars per month, retaining the residue, payable at the end of service. The difference in expense tlius created to the Government, for the five years of enlistment, would be but sixty dollars; which increase, it is hoped and believed will be more thau compensate for by a saving in tlie expenses which are incurred under the present system of restraining desertion. The amount retained always to be forfeited, if, at any time, the soldier desert the service. It «light operate as a strong incentive to good conduct, and^ would sen e as a fund at the «lose of his engagement, by which to establish liim in some advantageous pursuit. By the present mode, he retires from the Army, de-IB» pendent and poor as he entered; and often, in-1M stead of going home for a time to his fiimily, ^m lre re-enters the Army contrary to his will, his poyerty and wants only consenting. Dissatisfaction takes place, and desertion presently  follows. . . ,  Repeated efforts have been made to arrest on/) thpv should be continu-  Recently, by an order from the War Department, the whiskey part of the ration has been taken away, with a view to ascertain how far a theory frctjuently introductid might be practically productive of benefit. Time has not been Sfforded to test the experimenl; hut little conlidennce is reposed ia the .at-^ tempt. i'" the plan which I have suggested—the giving some enlarged compensation to the non-commissioned officers—(to the possession of which every soldier may aspire,) shall fail as matter of remedy, I know not what other can be assayed v.ith any reasonable jVrospeet of success. That buoyancy %vhich in war elevates the soldier, and lead» him to the belief that, by gallantry and goofl conduct, he may aspire to promotion, in peace, being taken away, paralyzes his efforts. To be a noti-comnassioued olfici'r is all that he can hope for or expect. To place this class of officers on some more advantageous and respectable footing, thereby to excite a spirit of emulation and good conduct amongst the soldiers, might prove highly serviceable. The subjiict, being one of iiuportance, is at least worthy of consideration and experiment.  Connected with the Army is the ^Military Academy at West Point. The beneficial effects which have been derived to the countiy already, and the more enlarged ones which are in prospect, derivable from this valuable institution, render it matter of importance that it sh ould be maintained upon its present liberal plati and princ iples. Hie educating of two hundred and fifty young gentlemen, selected from every State of the Union, cannot fail to carry with it advantages and benefits correspondent to the demands it produces on the Treiwury. But, apart from this, the education obtained there being of a military character, the benefits diffuses through ever section of our country cannot but prove highly beneficial when our ¿ouiitry shall be involved in war. The information which is acquired Jtjiere is carried to the several States: these young men become officers of militia; and in time, through the means thus afforded, something approaching to uniformity in the discipline of our militia may be expected. The able report of the Board of Examiners at tlic last commencement, and which accompanies this report, will present in detail the progress and advan-ges of the institution.  By the act of 1818, the President of the United States is* directed to confer upon the graduates of this academy the appointment of brevet lieutenants. Already there are 87 supernumerary officers thus created, and who cannot now be provided for in the line of the Army. In June next there will probably be 33 more addedy-which will produce an excess of 11 over the number authorized. The law prohibits the brevet appointments of a greater number tlian 106—one for each company; of course, upon a reasonable calculation, but few, if any, of the cadets, after June, 1831, will be entitled to a brevet commission. I would res-  ptvtiwilj .. —-------- -----------  tlie present be not necessary to restrict for the future brevet lieutenant appointments, retaining only so many as might supply the probable vacancies which would occur within the The number of promotions- to the Army  CITY OF WASHINGTON, SATURDAYptCEMBER 11, 1830.  year.  from this corps, for. the last five years, has averaged about 22; while the number of graduates for the same period has been at an average of 40. This excess, which is annually increasing, has placed 87 in waiting uutil vacancies shall take place, and shows tliat, in  The breakwatirr situated at the mouth of tho Delaware river is another valuable im-fnovement, whi< li, within the la.st year, has been rapidly pro^rn ssM d with. The work has already risen above the water, and partially Nhow» tho great iin|)ormiice it ia to our com merce. During the violent gale of last Sep-fember, several vessels which lay under the protection of this work wero preserved. Tht forro of the sea being broken by its opposi-lion, they were enub|«4 to k«op at th«ir moíMr^ ings, and to ride out the gale ir» safety. Fif-ft;en oiher vessels in view, not poss<\ssiiig the advantages of this position, wore driven on shi>re, and lost, or gt»tiou off at much expense. A few years will jupíete this valuable work. The attention if has received -since, by your direction, it was placed in charge of the Quar-tormaster's Department, and the advanlagea already perceived tj arise from if, give proof of the propriety of its completion, and of the numorou.s benefits it must afford to commerce. At Ihis heretofore hazardous part of our coast' navigation, a security will be afforded which, in a few years, may occ.i.rion a saving of property which will amply compensate for tho cost incurred in its construction. By such a result the remuneration will be ample.  The Ordnancc Dcfiartment is progressing as rapidly as the means afiorded will permit, in arming the militia of the Slates, and in preparing the nece.ssáry gims and carriages for garnishing tlw different fortresses of the country. hi." worthy of consideration whether the appropriation applicable lothis service should not be increased, .so as to provide a suitable armament by the time the different fortifications along the coast .shall he completed. For the forts which are finished, a million of dollars will be necessary to arrange their armament. But besides the.se, others aro in progress, and will shortly be completed. The atmual appropriation of ^100,000 towards this purpose will require ten years to accomplish the object for those which are in readiness. Should we be preserved at peace, no injuiy will arise ; but should war take place, the effects upon our country would prove of serious and prejudicial character.  ¡this growing evil; and they should be continu ed, so long as hope or fancy can suggest a remedy. The loss to the service is not so material. The greatest fear attended is, that, in peace, the practice may become so frequent and familiar, as in war to lose that odium which justly ibQHld pertain to so aggravated an oflfence.  tlie next year probably, and in the succeeding one certainly, there will be an excess beyond what the existing law authorizes to be commissioned. There will then be 106 supernumerary brevet second lieutenants appurtenant to the Army, .it mi annual expense to the Government ol $ ^ i,<'00.  In the E ^111 1 Department, important operations, as 1«. guards the internal improvement of the country, have been in successful progress. The advantages to our commerce from the improvements which have been made in the navigation of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, have already been sensibly felt; and great good to the community at large is to be anticipated from further efforts to be made. The experiments begun, and in some respects completed, sho v, tliat, at an inconsiderable annual expense, the Ohio River may be cleared of its bars and shoals, so as to afford a convenient and safe navigation at those seasons of the year when heretofore it hus been considered impracticable.  This subject well merits the attention of the Government. These rivers pass through an immense and fertile region of our country, and contribute their products essentially to advance our commercial interest. An inconsiderable expenditure from the public Treasury will have the effect to give security to a commerce which at present is carried on at much hazard, and, by diminishing the insurance at present reqired, and preventing losses, speedily to reimburse to the community the cost which has been incurred, or expense which may be required. At present the imports to the west are mainly through these rivers, and the export trade almost entirely. Usually for the six months in the year, one of these (the Ohio)ceases to be useful, because.of the numerous obstructions, and consequent hazards, which are presented- at those times when the waters are materially redu^d. The inconvenience and risk thus felt are susceptible of such easy remedy, and at so small an expense that it becomes matter of surprise that im-jrovements so important and valuable to a arge community should have been so long overiooked or neglected. The necessity of improving the navigation of these rivers for commercial purposes, all admit; of thé practi-bility of effecting it, none can doubt. The experiment lately n\ade, through a most difficult obstruction at a place called the Grand Chain, conclusively tests the feasibility of improving other places, and that the expense will not be considerable. As it regards tliis branch of the subject, however, it appears to me that the importance and value of the thing to be done, is of infinitely greater consequence than any apprehension of charge which it may occasion to the Treasurv.  In all the di.sbursing branches connected with the War Department, I am happy to say that punctuality and fid«lity have strictly, and almost without exception, been regarded during the year.  A new era in the hi.story of this country has, within a few years, arisen in relation to Indian affairs. Under the act of .1802, and the practices of the Government resulting therefrom, principles have been ir^oduccd, the continu* ation of which is matter of serious consideration. By this act it is prohibited to any one to settle upon Indian lands, or to enter their territory ; and, for its execution, the President is authorised and directed to employ the " military forco" of the country.  within tho pale of tho Consititution, and obligatory upon tho authorities of the Govein-ment. Before the States were members of this Union, they were sovereign. Tiio Unit-ed States Government can legitimately exercise those rights only with which the States parted under their general compact. To regulate their internsS municipal authority is a privilege which has not been surrendered. Amongst those riffhta i» the iudisputablo one of coutrolling their citizens, and governing them aft«r their own mode, with this excep tion, that a republican form of ^vernnient is to be secured to each. The States, being independent and sovereign within their own limits, can admit no check upon their sovereign ty, whether, in its exercise, it alTects one citi-izen or another—the while or the red man By courtesy, the laws liave been withheld from an interference with the Indians within a State; and that which heretofore was mere courtesy is now :'isi.st(?d upon as matter of paramount constitutional right. Surely this cannot be correct attc.i/nling to our notions and sy.stem oi" gov. riinient; and, if wrong, tho act of 1802, from the moment the laws are extended by a State over Indian territory, must cease to be operative. Reciprw;ity is always fair and just; and hence the law which would mak'- it penal fcraii liite man to tread, unlicensed, upon soil held through Indian occupancy, should eciually restrain the Indian from entering tho domain of the white man. So fur as existing treaties operate, the United Slates possess the power to concede this or any other privilege, because treaties, whether well or ill made, are tho supreme law of the land ; but they should be such a.s are permitted to be entiijed into by the Coiistitution, and which do not affect tho rights of a State beyond what her consent in becoming a member of the Union has'sanctioned"and authorized. Every thinj beyond this is usurpation.  Under the authority confidcd by ypu, during kst summer, I fiwited some of the Indian tribes, witti a highly valuable auxiliary; Gene ral John Coffee, of Alabama, and made known to them their situation. With the Choctaws and Chickasaws, (the only tribes with whom we negotiated,) treaties were concltided. From all appearance.s they were well satisfied with their own decision, and the courso which we-purciued towards them. If any different feeling has since been incited, it ia tho work of persons who have sought, through tho chan neld of their ignorance, to persuade them to the belief that great injustice has been prac tised. I undertake to assuie you, tl^at, in all we did, th(5 utmost fairness and candor were practised. We sought through persuasion on ly, to satisfy them that their situation called loudly for serious reflection. Pending the negotiation, no secret meetings were had, no bribes were offered, nor promises made. Ev ery argument adduced, or suggestion offered was in open council, and in view of those whose rights were to be affected. Of this, a bundant evidence exists, whatever may be said to the contrary. There was no motive to im pose upon, or to deceive them. Our instruc tions forbade us to do so, and our inclination besides, was an ample restraint. The trea ties concluded are read> for subtniasion : and  how farny practised injjHfice or want of lib-eralily in ^ imputed, will bo fairly judged of whei lieir teiier aud condition shall be disclosed. ff il liberality ample and generous has not îO||l!fcgarded, our wishes have failed, and our «Mtrnnts been rriistakcn.  Durii tl^ period, I witnessed much of Indian cht ict«r, their progress, refinement, and mureh iroi^a civilization, well say,  that, in < ndèeting the m gotiation, every thing w»» doit ià Wîtain them in those jmrHuitK which s^ul^llend to their ndvanceiuent, and to whicl^hfir siluation could reasonably lay claim. tuM who .so zealously have espoused their caur,^d who affect seriously to deplore their con^û>u,are acting uptm false ¡>rt'inises, or arc ^fed'by mistaken con.siderations ofkindne>. Btti, as mankind are found to differ eveiiiu^'«f8«enUBl matters of faith, and iheir ultima^ result«, I can «réll imugifc, that, i« reference to such a sut^t as the present, honest diffociji^ps of opinion may be expected, and will nriic. Yet, before a desire he adopted, oanieatl', to retain these people at their present hoinev we should be careful not to receive mere iiiDreswions fur facts, but rather to hear ihe suggistions of truth and reason. We should look lûtho red menas ihey are, and not a.s oflenliiiBS they are represented to be ; to their ina|>titide to live under a well regulated system of aw, and to tho danger and hazard of tho e;jperiment. A few of them are well infonnet men, and capab.'o of enjoying refined societf. These are the mixed Indian —tliehdif bned, as they are usually tormed. Scaicely any »f the others speak our languiige, or are acquainted with tho principles of our Government. Little houe sliould b« onter-t-ined, even »y those must sanguine on the subject, that aiy material advances in civilization cari be made with the pre.sent generation those, I mtan, who are now at maturity in life. Care aud attention towards the rising generation nviy tend greatly to impiove, and m time to meliorate, their present condition-To turn them to industry, is of first importance. Labor is never an acceptable pursuit to Indians. In their unimproved state, a fondness for war and the chase, and oratory at their councils, constitute their leading traits, because these afford the highest distinction. When, through the influence of culture and education, their taste upon these subjects shall bo changed, and tho character of an indu.stri-ous agriculturist be held in higher estimation than dexterity of pursuit in the chase, then may they'be expected to resort to iudugtry, and give attention to tho duties of agriculture.  Indisposition to maoual labor, so peculiarly the characteristic of an Itidian, causes him to select the poorest giounaa, becausa of the ease with which the timber is felled and cleared a wa^ The exceptions which exist to this are prilRipally amongst those of mixed Indian blood, whoso habits have been improved, and whoso minds have been cultivated.  who, within his limits,*acts independently ol tho others. In his government ho^ aided by minor and subordinate chiefs, called Captains each of whom acts within his particular dis trict. The people are subordinate to the of'p-tains—the captains to the chiefs, these diviMonji composes what is called the Christian District, the chief of which is a mar of good mind, with a common English educa liun, «nd is ruligious. His people, t.oo, arc seemingly pious. Each night, pending tht negotiation, until a late hour, they were at thei exercises, singing and preaching. From eve  ol C^tnabi«, iieft«»a,fc ,nd Btaxtf^ _ by negotiation opened the Black Sea" to iiZ CommerciB of the peoplé of the United States, '^e has regained the West India trade, whicli Mes.... Adams and Clay lo«t. But Xlt still more imfiortant, be has removed from of. hce a awarna of swindlers, who had filehed ; rom the publw trtuisury upwards of |467,00<),  VOI 1 \ ^mTT' honorable  meeting could find nothing worthy of t6eir an-  An old chief (Mu^hulatubbee,) who was l^J^tÌhelll^:,^ ^'orable to the trea^. by a-fcw of tho di.sconJfor th^ major tyrand mZn^^^^ cnted of his district, ha« beep recently depos- countr} wlÌt wir^ the hope, ^d XZ c^Tthat -d, and the name ofanother sent to this office majority in the election of Gene ^Ja^kHon o receive recogmtion. The design is proba- This was eertainlv very prudcnt/parSX ^ly to show thaUhe people are displeased be- by those who had picdiciJd tharrfS jt^ ' =ause ho .igned tho treaty, The answer re- son should be elected, all manner of urned.fo their application was, that, whil® the and evils were to bcfal Ihe countrv iovernnient meant not tO interfere with their resume this subject in our next.  node or manner of sillf government, it could ----------------  iim rPCPfiiTXP, What harheiiidónc hy-a fVw ; -^^-rofft m^nùig Port,  •et, when a chief should be chosen by a ma' »IN-NEII TO MR. SWARTWOUT.  oriiy of the division, and the fact so eertiljcd below the corre.sponden«« bctwcfa the  >y their (.'eneral Council, ho would be regard- American and French citizen!., who efSciated as thè  great majority  lie nation were satisfied when we left tbfl»;lT« Swnuefswartwout, Eaqi^ wd, from information nince received, yet con-1 Sir-^The undersigned, members af the suite m» i. tinu'jto be satisfied. Their anxious desire is,N to your porson, as Marihal-in-Chici on th^ r o get to a counlry under Ihe protection of the p celebration of the triumph of civil libertv7» United States, where they can be free from fSai^bS Srl'"""^ ^^^^^ iny liability to State laus, and bo able to Uwell iC::^^^^^^^^^^^  in peace under their owncustoms. leelings a/» indiviiluals, andso creditable to the Jib i  Tlie Commissioners appointed to further the pervade the coaimunlty io which thev  execution of the treaty of Butte de- Morts.j ®® lave discharged Ihe trust confided to them, jedfor -nd have made their rept rt.  standing between tho New-iorKana ureen | ofjadcment deci-  Bav Indians baa been examiniid and adjusted ; T'' f"? which liave been apparent thoiiKhoUt the Report to J.e confirmed, only requiris youi  approval, agrceabi: tu ihc .ccond arliclc of that | u>.€urry those Zc^  tl trin^'i^tf'"fy»"'- P"blic charw  Ireatv-  Vcry respectfullv,  JOHN  H. EATON.  I'Vn/ib the Harrudsburg AintrUan. HAIlKODÖllURG CLAY MEETING.  termed, are not accurately and correctly in formed as to tho principles and fa^th upo which thoy profess to act. A futurfe state o rewards and punishments, for virtues or fo crimes, is fashioned by their standard of sai  been lemoved, many were defaulters to a large . I amount, ought not every one to approbate the votional conduct, they are, to all appearanceLjconduct of tlits President, rather than con religious people. Certainly there are some  conceive to be estsenlial to constitute happi ness or misery here. Judging from Iheir de  measure, „ .  urul agency, in witches, and in vitcherafi, fast yielding; and the use of ardent spirits,jcountry. particularly in one of the districts, is in a I meeting creat measure abandoned. A reasonable hoiMj-j offices and officers have been  ® . . • 1 .1 . .1___________ _ __ t J___I ____ ..n.rt ^ffinoa rtr f»fl  acter, and la testimony of their indivkiluir eeteem respectfully reque.,t your ,,reeonce at lan e^rtammen^o begiven at the City Hotel, on Saturday next, the 4th inst. at 6 o'clock. VVith md-tiiuents of the liigliest respect, we ¿rtxJriL^ll From tho language employed in the pream- aervanu. ^ ^ ' obed.enti  ble aud address of this meeting, one might Daniel Jaokson, Prosper M Wctmore  be led to infer, that the individuals who com- Dumont Rpbt. Lawrence, Silas E. Burrows!'  posed it, had been formerly the friends and^IIiJ^te^r"^^^^^^^^  supporters of General Jackson, and had beenjthier, H. G. Duvivier, M. Panon, A.L Morne C dissatisfied with his administration. They | Calemare, A. S. Parrot, Richai^ Pennell m' M have used the following language: PreJ^'^'if ^roshon, John L. Graham',  public was elected by a majonty of the Nation, iGouvr. S. Bibby. '  under the sanguine hope on the part of thai I New-York, 29th Nov 18S0  majonty, that his administra^^^ The followlug ¡a the reply o^r. SwartWoUf--  of distinguished purity and msdom. By nu-\ w v  Lrous declarations and documents, published\ Gentlemen i . ' Yor. 2d December, 1830. I J- ..i I -I- J i it ■ r I.- Gentlemen—I have received from TOur chairman  before the election, and by the promises of Aw SilasE. Burrow», Esq. your veiy kind letSToTtfi  confidential friends, he was consider^ pledged j 29th ult., expressing your approval of the manner in  as to many important subjects ond prinrijp/es." I arrangement« made for the cehsbratiou of  Now so far from tiie persons composing this ¡Í® rey^íution in France had been conducted on  being at .„, .i^ the HUical friend,  of Goneral Jiackaon, they were violently op-1 turday next, at the City Hotel. *  |>oscd to his election, with tho exception of j While 1 feel gratified at your partial notice of my  some twa or three of them. But they say,!®®"^"®^ that occ^ion, I am persuaded, gentle-  ,1.0. the ^jority rf ,h« »a,.o„ elee.ed  that his administration was to be one of dis. j ted with meas Aid«, I owe entirely the aceurate and? tinguished purity and wisdom. To this  we I timely movement of the procession; and f hope I may ,ported Gen. ^^ permitted to avail myself of this opportunit* to  answer, that the majority who supported Gen. | P®»^"^^^ avail myself of this opportunit|r Ja^kson^nd brough^im intoj,^^  filirijfiri.^^ were, and still ful and gratifying display made by our feUow citi?ter  are. opposod to him. - It comes from that par- on that proud day. ,  r I- r «rvo«..^ 11.« fl««/l 1 Permit me, gentlemen, in condusion, to Bay that r  ty who for years past, have opened the flood-1 ^ . ^^^^  gates of defamation and abuse agaiiist a man | persoaal regard, and that I accept your friendly invi-who had a right to expert better things from {tation with sentiments of pride and ^asure. them. If General Jackson has erred in the| Al!ow me to tender you my thank» for tiw^kind One me,.ima.ian of any ^rti™ of W« ooun.r,i„en  the many important services he has rendered J gj^per^jy respectfully, your obed't servant, his country in the day and hour of danger, SAMUEL SWARTWOUT.  ought to iiave furnished an ample apology, J companf, to the number of about eighty, sat particularly with those not more perfect thanidown to an entertainment provided by Mr. Jjenninga^ himself. But what is all this great out-cry Jm his usual style of taste, elegance and profusion, about? Forsooth, because he has turned out j SILAS E. BURROWS, Esq. Prejiident..  about one-sixteenth of the Postmasters of the IDnkiel Jacbsok, Ist Vice President, ry information, tiiis Christian party, as it in I United Slates, about one-eighth or tenth of j Charles A. Clwtov, 2d Vice Presideat^-  the Collectors, a few Indian Agents, and N^^ guests were many of the oldest and'  val Officers, di«;. and recalled some of our! most x^spectable of our citizens, including the Orator  ■M- : or.,1 ««hora Ni^u/f»"^ rcudor of the Address to Uie French people on'  toreign Ministers, and appointed others, ^owl ^^ pSnt of  thi.>i wc would suppose, would be no great ^be United States, and ftlr. Albert OallaUn, were in-  -1 grievance to the public, provided men com-1 vited, but were prevented from attending, the former  age hfo,and its enjoyments; and, in their ] petent to tho discharge of their duUe.a fill theirljr^^^^  magination, is made to conform to what they  t a!.I A.. ... ___I_____1 ___»M«« k« ar At^t n li it cii*a ■ A ■ larirc^ 1  JVeto Fork, Dec. 4« 1880. Gentlemen—I regret that tho infirm and weak "tat« . of my health deprives me of the pleasure of aecept-  ^ ________________^ _____ _______ demn itf Were they ready to condemn the your invitation to a din #f given to-day, by tbo-  DerceDtibie'^Wd beneikial changes amongit | whole acts of the administration, without giv- suite of Mr. Swrartwout, as Mashal-in-Chief, in the pciucpiiijiv 6 • I , j;. f/,- r^na antl Siirh qppms to 1Celebration of the French Kevolotion, as a tcstfc-"  them. They have become mostly an agricul- mg credit for any ' ^ f ^  tural people. The practice of perforating tlie have been their course; lor iney ao noi tion of his conduct on that interesting occasion,  nose and ears for the purpose of ornamenting J give the administration credit for removing j Uwaamy intention to have called at the hour ap-^ them, is rapidly disappearing, and considered Tobias Watkins, and many others, who were pointed, at the City Hotel, to m^e my acknowlejg-  rua. cusloi V^Ljillio^, pain., .» orn.. defauUers 'V'tdXr "'hfit'^riew""' '»r^'l^.l.Tr«";  ment and to decorate the face, is, in a greit it is said in the address, " that many new of-1 approbation of his conduct in the manage-  giveii up. A credulity in supernat- fices have been multiplied and the number ot ^f t^g procession, and performance of all the  .....13 (officers augmented beyond the business of thoijduties of the day; but I Und it impossible, without  ° Wo regret that this honorable I the.most serious exposure of my health, did not inform the nublic what new I «^.««t withhold the expression of my grateful  may be entertained, that these people may time prove that the zeal and efforts of the G vernment to protect and civilize them, are i: improi>erly bestowed.  In concluding a treaty with theso peop candor and fairness wero the only means sorted to by the Commissioners. Thoy wc given to understand distinctly, that, in comi to visit them at their solicitation, and at th homes, no design wad entertained beyo communicating to them a knowledge of th true condition, and submitting to their jut^ ment the course of policy by them to be p sued. Wo told them the opinion entertain by the Government as to the authority of M  in  deed, any new offices or officers have been o-lcrcated, it must be some one of very minor ot 1 importance, not calculated to cut any great figure in the political affairs of the nation, e, I particularly with that description oi politicians ie-1 who could see Mr. Adams sfjuandering thou-ret sands without complaint.  But we are told in the address that thò"*ex-  thn niihlir what new « cannot withJioia me expression 01 my graM:iu\ the public what new I ^^^ the many acts of kindnew  »een created. 11, in- j received from my fellow citizens here,.  • «vt^nrl nvfr tlipm lu,r la* ^- i nd 1829. were upwards of $300,000 less than Uume you all anticipate, and whifch will be iweived sissippi tQ .extend over tlicm her lu^s, ^ .¿^S We are very much p]cas->itli ¿1 the warmth of friendly filing. WBen tU^  that the United States possessed not Ihe pow- for the year iWi». w» arc ^f^ dwtinguished individuaTisintroduced, and  er to prevent it. The interviews had them were in open council, where were pi eut the chiefs and warriors, and some of own citizens. Arguments addressed fo tl judgments were tho means employed.  threat was used; no intimidation attempi ed. Under tlicBo circuinslances, a treaty was con-eluded and signed, moro than 5,000 Indians  regarded thdi general policy of treating, but cause they believed themselves entitled to tain, and wero solicitous to procure largo scrvations. The number thus influenced small. Since that time, active efforts  that they had been greatly ^deceived and posed upon  my  since my arrival among them.  With great respect, I am your very ob't servant, JAMES MONROE. To Charles A. Clinton, Prosper M. Wetmorc, Amojr Palmer, Charles MeEvers, Junr., E. M. Gicea-way, Esqrs.  Upon the removal of the doth» the following reguhP tocutB were given:  l8t. Our Country. Sovereign and independent,  ugL ... ______ ^  jirlpenses of the Government have been increas- uniting liberty and law; energy »nd moderaUoo; jus' nd Ud under the present administration. We 1 tice, antfgenerosity .^May we ever be enabled to ap-Bir would have been highly gratified if the honor- preciate and enjoy Uie blessmgs we possess. 3 cheew. br. able meeting had furuislied us with tho evi- . «d Gen. Jl^r^ Jaek^tn, President of the U-ut denco upon That subject. The report of the | «.ted States. 9 cheers...................^ ^  In introducing the next toast, the foUowtog remark»  ed Secretary of the Treasury, shows that the ^^^^ ^^^ Prt»dait.  is- penditurcs of the government for the ycai l i rise, gentlemen, t »announce a toast, that I pre-  ith cd to see our opponents becoming so I  es-our eir Noi  ^ I that individual a  economical all at once ; Mr. Clay gave to John 1 j believiag it will be received wiUi no onUnary  ^AC/expen^ded a",a,go sun. o„ f •  ed the Panama mission, not less than $75,00U. ¡^^ natural perplexiUes; and who, instead of ^ng to He nermitted public agents-to swindle the go- Uur labor» by Inattention, or »  v"eXent outif at least half a Inilhon ; belnff in attendance at the time. Amoi^gst 1 strange to be told, not a murmur or word of ^^^ .Sici^ating a pi^gal eflfusloa of the h«irt. them was great apparent unanimity, sime |compiaint was heard from our opponenl^, who|,^^^^^^^ gj,« y„„, gentlemen, did object and were dissatisfied, but hot a  oh- under the administration of Mr. Adams and re- Clay, without a single benefit resulting to the  was country. » •  have I But not m with the administration of rresw  3. Our the Marthri-in-Chieföf the late  J it I formed the lato meeting. Wo would further ^ — ------------  be.|observe.haUho,oi«  duty confided to him, we find him ever prompt ana decisive—blending Industry with integrity; mtcJli-  ^n amongst the Indians, and to persuade them show, correspondent benefits (o tho country .  . ... u-j I_________.1.. ¡in-Hm has nrocured UlJtice to tie cl  IhQ has procured jii^tice to be done to tho peo-' pie of tiic Ignited States by the governments  This toaat wM received with all the enthurfi« anticipated by the PBssident. After »»n® hewtj ^rs. Mrfswartwout row amidst the «J™«®  the company and renlled in the  Mr. President^tUg you, and company, to accept my w&nnest thanjtf for r^r^   

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