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Peninsular News And Advertiser Newspaper Archive: November 28, 1861 - Page 1

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Publication: Peninsular News And Advertiser

Location: Milford, Delaware

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   Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - November 28, 1861, Milford, Delaware                               VOL. 27. Beport of the Directors 0? THE DELAWARE BIBLE [The fallowing Beport of the Direct- ors of the'Delaware Bible Society, was presented at the Forty-Ninth Annivur- sary, held at Newark, Del., Thursday, Bept. 12tb, 1861. The Society request- ed its pqblication in this paper, bnt a copy of it was not forwarded ns nntil tills week, and we publish it thuaJate, hoping it may do good__EDI] IT was seen by our report at the last anniversary of this Society, that the res- olntion for re-supplying the State with the Scriptures pf Truth was in a course of of-Sussex county tad been completed; that of Kent and New Castle was in progress, and it has been finished j the whole State has been carefully canvassed, and the word of life' offered to, and in almost every ease accepted, gratefully accepted, by loose fowd destitute. repeat the general statement of the supply of Sussex visited, two thousand nine hundred and thirty- 725 214 colored. Of the white families 367 had nOt a copy of the very few of the colored had a copy, or conld read. AH were sup- plied by gift or sale: sales often at less than cost; it being considered best to obtain lome payment, as what costs something is more prized than a tnere gratuity. Eight hundred and ninety-nine volumes, Bibles or Testa- ments, were distributed; five hundred and twelve of these gratuitously. It was painful to find many persons, heads of families, unable to read the eleven years elapsed since the former re supply of the having brought little improve- ment m. this respect; bnt in some school district there Fs improvement: parents hot able. themslves to read, manifesting desire that their children should not grow up under the same blighting Upon -a careful computation it was esti- mated that one-seventh of the white fam- ilies, were destitute of the word of God. In Kent county three thousand eight hundred and twenty-three white families were visited and one thousand one hun- dred aad twelve colored. Of the white families three hundred and forty were MILFORD, DELAWARE, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 186J. found destitute of the scriptures and of the 'colored three hundred and Of white persons that could read, twelve thousand eight hundred and Of white persons that, could not read, five thousand five hundreJand fifty-three. Of colored persons that could read, nine hundred and sixteen; that could not read, five thousand five hnndred.and forty-nine. Two hundred and sixty-one Bibles gra- tuitously distributed, and seventy two sold at nominal whole num- ber 333. Two hundred and twenty-eight testaments gratuitously distributed, and forty-five sold at nominal number 273: Bibles and testaments 606. The number of families unsupplied be- cause of wilful refusal or every member nnable to read, 49. The distributer ascribes to all persons with whom his mission brongh him in in- tercourse, politeness and hospitality jond praise. The report Manifests tho- rough exploration of the county, is nn commonly valuable for its statistics, am is a model in form. The time oceupiec was ten months. The Rev. Mr. Condron, at first em ployed for two months, afterwards fo three months in addition, to explore ant re-supply New Castle county, complete< this work in the limited time. In onr last report is a statement of bis labors for several months. The summary o his proceedings from first to last is, that he visited two thousand and ninety-nine families; fonnd destitute of the scrip- tures thirty-six white families and thirty colored; distributed to white persons gratuitously forty-eight Bibles and four teen testaments, and to colored persons twenty-three Bibles a.id seventeen testa- sold copies of the scriptures amounting to tbe sum of oue hundred and nineteen dollars and twenty-two cents. In addition to incidents stated in oar former report, he mentions a conver gation with an which the object was to produce conviction of a relribu tion to come, aud which resulted iu the man's serioasly saying, I am mncu obliged to you please to call agaiu nod talk wilb me; I know, I am a great sin- The State has thus again been ex- plored with a view to ascertain and sup- ply the destitution of the Word of not a of bread or of water, hut of sanctifying and saving troth. The number of families visited in this explo- ration, according to the reports, 9973 of these colored leaving the nnio- bcr of white families The desti- tution Sussex 3G7 white, and nearly all of 2N colored in Kenteounty 340 white. 315 colored New Castles connty 36 whites and 30 colored; in ihe Slate 743 white colored families Tbepe have been topplfod, and in doing it 1607 copies of the bibles nnd testa- dUtribn-.ed. In addition there bate been told in New Cncile connty hi- Met tfttUmenti amounting to number of volnroci not men- trotted, certainty not lew than 240; KO that mat wifely net down tbe number at 1.850 the eeerrd K-rip- into the of percent by tbift re-nppty. TbU outer telis well in fend H it Irolr, figures cannot but they certainly can deceive; and in com- puting the practical result of so many scripture volumes distributed, a superfi- cial view may lead us, and, we believe, certainly would lend, if we should be im- plicity guided by it, into- error. A thoughtful Christian meditutin'g upon human nature under Bible instruction and testing; bis opinions by the conduct of men as it comes nnder his observation, and' in- the connexion looking at the workings of our free institutions, and tlio- Influences that control them, must come tp-tfte conclusion that for tho preserva- tion and perpetuity of our liberties it is indispensable, that Bible principles should be instilled into the common mind and be within it a controlling power. We say. that the hand of God was in the planting of this natjon.and its culture and wonderful We do not realize the truth; when it; but it nevertheless is truth, practical truth and the nation most accomplish the ob- ject which the Divine wisdom and good- ness had in view, or be thrown aside as perverse and unprofitable. This conti nent, separated by oceans from tbe old world, nncontaminated with iu corrup- tions, -nnpractised in its oppressions, seems to have been carefully kept, that a prepared people might here fonnd insti tutions which Bible integrity and con scientionsness only conld sustain and conduct safely. It may be inqnired, has this integrity and conscientiousness been manifepted in the working of these insti- tutions In reply, may we not ask, is not the nation in a state of convulsion which, for the extraordinariness of its origin and character, stands out and alone in tbe annals of man. We may hope, these convulsions have been suffer- ed for correction, not destruction, and to impress the warning, peculiarly applica- ble to this country, The natio'n and kingdom tbat will not serve thee, shall perish yea, those nations shall be utter- ly wasted For according to the very form and genius of our institutions, the best adapted of all that have been, or we believe can be, formed by man to be im- bued with gospel grace, and effectuate gospel objects, without this grace and alien from these objects there must be re- sults in confusion and disorder which the blindness, recklessness and violence of the passions and interests of men, rash, sinister and selfish, cannot fail ultimately to produce. Only two years ago, in the anniversary of this Society, held at Do- ver, onr last report bnt one contained these suggestions. We quote the words: No one who reads a newspaper, can doubt that there is prevalent in this nation, a principle of lawlessness, contempt of law and government, reckless violence, which not only disturbs the peace of society and imperils personal safety, bnt threatens the overthrow of our free institutions. For with the example of France before our eyes, we cannot lose sight of the lesson, that th great majority of mankind will give up nn bridled liberty for the sake of safety, an cing of civilized powers thai be are ordnined of 'wherefore ye most be subject not only for wrath, but for confidence cuke" tr.impled over an not wonh a paee- ng thought und the upon ns in rinl on fields of blood wrought by the careful searching of th Bible made efficacious through medita tion, so as to be a controlling power o iodordauf action. la free government as we enjoy it, men govern themselves It is the individual conscience, and re spect for law and order, upon whic must rest, as firm pillars, the general safe ty, _ Tbore mnst be stronger and highe motives, than selfish interest or pbiloso phicr speculation can form. We all ad tntt, that the public safety requires men to be enlightened hence in some State it has been suggested as a constitutiona provision, that a man shall not be allow ed to vote, unless he can read his billot and hence the general concurrence thronghout this nation in the maintenance of common schools; bot as a we are far from the position, that for the public safety men mnst be elevated to the demands of their moral and immortal na- ture. We are yet to discover the very plain troth, that to be good citizens men mnst understand and be governed by mo- tives which arise from their acconqtable- ness to God, and a consequent conviction that their eonducC must have a tremend- ous bearing upon their future and eternal state. Men read in their Bibles, that af- ter the most thorough and intelligent ex- amination of the question, "WHENCE COMETH WISDOM, AND WHERE IS THE PLACE OF UNDERSTANDING f" the true answer will be found to be, "THE FEAR OF THE LORD, that is wisdom; and TO DEPART FROM EVIL, that is understand- ing and yet so far from allowing this dictate of infallible truth, universally ap- plicable, to have any force in the affairs of men, they hold it a conclusive brand of argument or ground of persuasion in relation to any matter of civil polity, if the Bible be appealed to, or Divine au- thority adduced it being insisted npon as a fundamental priciple of government, that the dogma approved by all, agninst Union of Church and State, repudiates religion in all its forms of influence from the most important of human transac- tions. Montesquieu, you are aware, lays It down as a great political maxim, that the essential condition of a republic is virtue it cannot continue in being with- out this pervading element of its life.__ He was a French philosopher; we are undergoing a process that will elucidate what this virtue must mean for this pro- cess will not end, nnless in ruin, until we reach the practical conclusion, tbat the ;ospel is an essential in free government. iTot union of Church and State not that Ministers or Professors of religion must be clothed with civil power or any attribute of it; not that the depositaries if civil power shall be a part of any re- igions organization, or be required to mve any reliirious badge of any form bnt that the name of God shall be adored WHOLE NO. 235, social Christian advantage Our Lon and bis apostles trusted to tho livinj voice, human intercourse, the influence o mind on mind, heart on heart, by precch ing, or conversation, line upon line, prs cept upon precept, as his mode of diffus ing saving truth. Jf you will consul our owu observation, and take for teach er tbe common experiences of life, you will see in this appointment a clear dem onstration, that be spake as man does no speak. We believe this is a matter de serving consideration. We do not say that there are not benefits from Bib! distribution as an auxiliary to pnstora labor or Christian conversation, it may b eeome mountains. We shall probably witness some crrnnd developments in Inpsia in a short, time, we do not, ns the ondon Times does, anticipate the end f the empire American U. S. razelte. Whers there is deficiency, let it be sup- plied in the trus evangelical way from the true evangelical sonrce. There should be no proxies in religions con- cerns. We are not in heathendom, nor in wide and barren desolntious. If in this region, persons destitute of the word of life can not be persuaded to desire it, so iis to put forth for it as much effort as for procuring the common things of ne- cessity or convenience, litlle good can be expected from the possession; while pains used in goiiiff and procuring will be excellent preparation for reading nnd profiting, and facilities dispensing rmh this, may hinderauces to both reading and profiting. Affairs in Russia. The rapidity with which great changes are brought about in the present er.-Tof the world's history is one of the most remarkable characteristics of the times No one can have forgotten the tnarvel- }'etlr 1848, which was opened by Wr. Cobden's assertion that peace was about to take up her permanent abode on the earth, and was closed amid the roar of cannon and the crash of thrones in all the capitals of Europe. Thirteen years hnve passed since that eventful epoch, and changes not less marvellous have occurred. The old despotisms of Italy have vanished Austria has be- come ft constitutional monarchy the Great American Union, which seemed so strong that it was destined to last for- ever, has been assailed by an unnatural rebellion and iu very existence threaten- ed and Russia has seen the emancipa- tion of her surfs carried into effect. The apparently smooth surface of the waters, in these gave no intimation of the tremendoni convulsions springing up un- derneath. They are bursting npon us like u thunder-cloud, and the world is occnpied in gazing opon them with amazement. It wonld seem (is though another start- ling were abont to cowe to keep op the world's excitement Rnsjia, hith- erto considered as hopelessly bonnd to me-ils she for so high a function f_ lho of her dp t The command of her Lord, and ihe as- thc modcl ad been declared free, and their money value converted into certain feudal ser- vices. When, therefore, we read of ru- mored outbreaks, of the concentration of troops and of marches into the interior, we see iu them' the natural upheaving consequent n-pan the grand change, and not a national nprising against antoera- cy The emeute of the students of the University of St. Petersburg seems to have been greatly overrated in import- ance. It sounds alarming that the raili- tnry should be called oat and ordered to fire npon a crowd of youths of respecta- bility, bnt the or.'gin of the disturbance was not political it was the stoppage of the gratuity hitherto granted by the government to the students to enable them to meet the expenses o! the Uni- versity education. This may have been an unwise act: it certainly is an unpop- ular one but we doubt if the empire of Russia is going to be smashed up in con- sequence of it. The London Times is essentially a sensational paper. It is perpetually pre- paring its readers for a crisis or a crash of some kind or other; it is a prophet of evil, and never yet boded good to any- body or anything. We are therefore not surprised to find it indulging in the fol- lowing observations tbat land, where the great instrument of government has hitherto been the stick, there seems to be no alternative between absolute obedience and the most violent extremi- ties. The Emperor of Russia to make his election. The rule of brute force is open to him, as it was to his pre- decessors. It is also open to him, if be plense, to divest himself of the more ter- rible aspect of royalty, and to substitute for it a rule of jnstice, grace and concilia- tion. But he will find it impossible to unite both policies the one will nndo the other. He eannot excite both love and terror The present policy is exact- ly that which ordinarily goes before great misfortunes. Many monarchs might have succeeded had they yielded every- thing or refused everything, but an alter native between repression and indulgence onderroines the amhority of the govern- ment by its apparent feebleness, and ex- cises the bit'.erest disappointment and in- dignation at its capricious severities. St. Petersburg and are each agitat- ed by popular convulsions which wonld never Imre existed had the government been ei'her more tlioronphly popular or more consistently coercive." It is to be hoped that Alexnnder II read? the Lon- don Time1; The pentleraen who do the dinary and initorions This l'me l''e necessities of Europe hove made cnrious anomaly is the result of the cen- our exports from the Northern porta sorship so rijroronsly enforcer] by the late "early double what they usually have been. For this we are paid chiefly in gold and silver.and the bai.ksand various public and private depositaries never bad such an abundance of the precious metals. From present appearances, there being a prospect of an increased demand for our produce from Europe during tho specie will continue to pour in upon us from Europe, in spite of the croaking predictions of the London Times, which has thus for been totally confounded by the extraordinary finan- cial phenomena of this American war; all its sinister predictions having proved false. It is with no exultation over the fact that we are at war, that we refer to the commercial and other prosperity that has already risen out of it. We rejoice to see this prosperity, first because it re- lieves rcncb misery in the country but chiefly because itshous a degree of elas- ticity, energy and strength in our people, which gives the best assurance tbat the be carried on so vigorously that it will be broaght to a speedy The rebellion cannot long hold up its bead against a united people, which has nt once tbe will and tbe means to sustain its Government in behalf of the Consti- tution and the Union__N. Y. Post. MEMOET AND HOPE. ft nt the honr when evening throws enth'rin? o'er hill andd.ile, While half the pcenp in twilight elnws And half in snnlicht glories atill he thonpht of a'l that we have been, And hoped, and feared, on Life's long war Rptnembernnces of t'ov or pain.J Come mingling with theclo'ie of day. Bnt, soft o'er each rpvifine scene The chast'ninp lines of Memory spread And smile each dark tlionght be'tween, Hope softens every tear'we shed. 0, thns. when Death's loni? nieht comes on And its daifc shades arnnnd ns lie, Mny partine beams from Memory's sun Blend softly in onr evening sky I The Compensations of War. The compensations of this period of war are curious. At first all business was paralysed, manufactures were stop- ped, end the country seemed in despair. But the war soon made business; it soon set all the mills to weaving cloth and blankets, and all the foundries and ran- chine shops to making arm. All the tanners, shoemakers and tailors have had more work offered to them than they can do. Women, who thought there would be no work to be done this winter, are as busy as they can be, making clothing, knapsacks, haversacks and caps. The war is really giving employment to hun- dreds of thousands of people who would have been idle and penniless I'D a season succeeding a business panic in time of peace. The actual number of men employed by the Government, in the army, as vol- unteers, teamsters, and as assistants in the Qnrtermaster's, Commissary, and all other departments, is probably about eight hundred thousand. The families or other dependents on these men prob> ably average three to each. Thus we have about two million four hundred thousand inhabitants, or more than one- tenth of the whole loyal population, pro- vided for directly by the Government.__ The number supported by government work, snch as we referred to before, is probably quite as great as this, and we thns have one-fifth of the loyal inhabitants directly or indirectly supported by the war. The operations of tbe war, by the great demands they make upon transpor- tation and other facilities, lead to the employment of increased force on all the lines, and give labor to thousands of working people in every town where there is anything required for the military ser- vice. Indeed, it is probably no exagger- ation to say that fully one-half of the population of the loyal_ States are deriv- ing pecuniary advantage from the state of war in which we ut.happily find our- 741 bushels, leavinj a deficit of 4 840 1 T. is n good pay- 953 bushels. At the same time the ag Ireland and Starvation. The language of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Tnam in bis second letter to Lord Palmerston is terribly emphatic. He nrjres Palraerston to consider the condition of Ireland, where he says "the British government should adopt prompt measures of relief if they are desirous that the remnaut of the Irish people shall not be swept away." The report of the Register General of Ireland, just published, shows conclusively tbat large supplies of cerenls must be furnished to her inhabitants to prevent another fam- ine. In consequence of unfavorable weather last fall, late storms in tbe spring aad other causes.there were acres less of wheat and acres less of potatoes cultivated this year than in 1860. In addition to this, the wheat crop is both short in qnautity and inferior in quality, while the deficit in the potato crop is estimated at from one-third to one-sixth the usual yidd. The natural feeling of an American in view of these shocking developments is one of joy that our country has opain the opportunity of demonstrating her ca- pacity for feeding the hungry millions of tbe green isle. Yet there is unhappily difficulty in the road which has not been sufficiently considered the want of sufficient means of transporting the crops Tom the interior to thc seabord. Our railways are choked up with freight to such an extent as to be obliged to refuse arge amounts, and the season of internal navigation is drawing to a close, so that not much more can be obtained by canal, "ake or river. Moreover, the quantity of breadstuffa sent to Great Britain and Ireland this year seems to be ranch less than the pub- lic have been led to believe. In Sep- tember and October of 1860 the total exports of flour and wheat from tbe Uni- ted States to Great Britain, for tbe first ten to bush- els, and for the same period of the pres- ent vear the export has been but ihe as- snranco of bis presence Go ye there- fore and disciple all nniions, teaching j them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you, and lo, I am with vou a I wars, even onto the cad of thc world." Now can there be any reasonnWp ex- pectaiion, that merely leaving a bible or testament wiih a person so careless as in lbi rity npon responsibility to God, we cannot expect stability of governroesnt. ThU most the work of Bible troth opon tornd and brrrt, of ihe preacher, how (treat ihs majority who ehberdo nol read M oil, or read to no nsefnl purpose ?_if rending a! all, reading wiihooi meditation and prayer even perhaps incapable of mcdi'u- lion T What, then, can we exped from common Bible distribution not followed or< ehnrtiin or inr Enclit.li pnpcrs rnier'cin f irmlar expce lationt, and the French pnpers describe the aspect of affairs in ihst empire ss very threa'cninp. There appears to be ft eonticlion crisis is impend- and 'he Poles are hopcfcl accord- ingly. Bnt we come to oiling part of our impression." Other been restored to this distracted country. It K tree that the Union would hare been destroyed, and tbe south converted into a grand sristrocraiic slareho'ding em- pire bnt trifles as these were no- Ihirpinthe of three editors They could not onderxtrind wbr the north object to then nor Cfin they on- the pronnch on wtich this conviction is i derstftnd the Emperor of Ramia batrcJ, we are surprised to find how litlle I sh'inld n riot st the University by evidence there is lo prove lhat seen a j military force, and yet allow the thing as a democratic revolution is oo j paled o'crfstoroikt' the (spit many of tbeir r.pniimfnte to act, no matter what may be the dilem- people. ma he is in. iencc of tbe and jtmiee of their for. the creditors of views, having had abundant proofs of j Nothing been both in the a nicies written by them opon I ropran capitalists, and there is no expeo oo- own nfFairs Hnd we followed their tation of aekloc them for luiistance advice pence wonld by this lime bare Tbe money spent bribe Government re- malos in tbe country, and IB circolated with molt rapidity than il ever eircola- tcd before. Gold silver are total. in tbe commerce of New Orleans. It is also a fact tbat the stocks of wheat and 8onr in the Atlantic ports are light, at.d less than at thc same time laM year. Ordinarily, too, the ex- people arc, thns ports of and floor from the first of the Government November to the first of April is not borrowed from En- heavy, beeanee of the difficnlties of tran- sit Daring lhat period of 1860-61 tho exports of wheat and Hour fro3i all tbe ports of ihe United States were 5S9 bushels, of which the southern ports shipped millions of During the present seoson all ihe expor- bnt ibe large of Trea- j most be done ihronph the northern snry which has erea-ted a conren- ports, where the light, and the ifnt pood in every pan of the chances of increase growing WT mail. Ur.ion, facilitates basinets more then The natnntl inference from these ftc'i specie woojd.if it ten tiroes as abun- i roost be lhat, nnlew onr merchants pen- dant M il is. We are creating a great j in n more nations! deb! try the war; but re are morcmont of brnidgtofTt and prorinirvni nol sure that it will not becooie a frreat i to Ireland promptly, Ike dremd nations.1 blessing, the English re- j tire of tUrration mart feb jrtrd their debt. Williim III 5. GorcHt. INEWSPAPERif INEWSPAPERif   

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