Peninsular News And Advertiser, November 8, 1861

Peninsular News And Advertiser

November 08, 1861

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Issue date: Friday, November 8, 1861

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Publication name: Peninsular News And Advertiser

Location: Milford, Delaware

Pages available: 289

Years available: 1861 - 1863

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Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - November 8, 1861, Milford, Delaware L VOL. 24. MILFORD, DELAWARE FRIBA.Y, NOVEMBER S, 1861. SELECTED POETRY; NOVEMBER. I saw old autntnn In the miaty morn Stand Bhadowless like siloiico, listening To silence) tor no lonely bird would sing Into his hollow ear from woods forlorn, Nor lowly hedge nor solitary thorn Shaking his languid locks all dewy bright With tangled gossamer that fell by night, Yearling his coronet of golden corn." THE LANGUAGE OF THE EYE, can it be that words were made To utter what we feel f I sometimes think they lend their aid 5nr meaning to conceal. a language ne'er deceives, Its luBtr'6 cantlot die, Its earidw every TUB language of eye. The lipa with gentle accents may The spirits raise aloft; The tongue with flattering words may play In tones so sweet and soft; .Both lips and tongues may prove untrue, And other acts belie, 33ut falsehood finds no channel through The language of the eye. This faithful orb then, be my So sore, unerring, true It speaks with more emphatic voice Than ever words could do. Oh yes, the silent mentor sends Its influence far and nigh The magnet's power, in truth, attends The language of the eye. "Written Ntwsand Advertiser. CHARGE. Another day is abont closing. An- other burden is about being added to the weight of years borne by the pilgrim. Another portion of time is about being numbered with the doomed moments of the past. One more spring has gone to return no more passed with its burst- ing loveliness. One more summer has by as a pleasant dream. Autumn's voice will soon be hushed. Rapidly passing the few days which remain as 'the only-fragment of the less'uing year. the fitful fever of mortal existence will subside; and that restless ague throws its barbs into the heart in will ere long cease. Does the sharpened sickle, sjay no farther Some of those whom we, in the gilded hours of childhood, loved and fondled, hare passed away. The green grass is now waving sadJy o'er their resting Others have long since left the shaded pUy-gronnd, and the accustomed haunts of childish mirth for more responsible positions in life. Some have dreamed bat yesterday of fame, of wealth and power, to-day hare held the shining ban- ble in their grasp Others, but yester- day, hare looked along the desert path of life, and seen in happy prospect babbling streams, and beauteous hare neared, and found them but the sal- ien stones that tell some wearied travel- ler's grave. Some at morn have grasped the mystic flag, and rushed to claim the laurels conquerors night have he ird the revellings of applause. Others at morn hare thrown their shackles off, and mounting steep on steep, and crag on and night have reached the highest peak, And died upon the threshhold of success. Nations, too, have rlEin, and like the meteor, shone 'brightly for awhile, then disappeared in the gloom of eternal de- cay. Sceptres and crowns that once swayed nations as sways the moon the tide, have fallen, and now lie rotten and dishonored upon the very ground that once crowned I heir sovereignty. Thrones that once held monarchs great and wise, hare crumbled and been stolen, piece- meal, by the winds of Heaveu. Stars in the galaxy of intellect have burst npon the sight and ravished earth for awhile, then faded in the darkness of a rayless night. Theories and dogmas like com- ets have appeared in the sky of reason, for a season, then rushed through space, end fallen wasted in the charnal-hoose of time. Where are the empires of earlier ages Where arc the splendid cities cod monuments of the old world Lei Ihe desert wastes, like sepulchres, with their prophetic tongues speak out. Let Ibc restless seas, like dying men, with their wizard moans tell of the Wherever the sands have run there has been written passing away. Wherever Ihe ponderous wheel of time has turned. I nations, kingdoms, tbronos and individ- animate and has felttbe shock, nnd roan has learned Ibcre's nothing changeless and eternal bot Heaven, its author and its enjoy- tnents. T. E. M. Tbe Union Movement in North Car- olina. Tho recent intelligence, from North Carolina Is of a Very significant charac- ter. It appears that the inhabitants of Hyde county have thrown off all fur- ther disguise of their real sentiments, and in a very spirited declaration have an- nounced their abhorrence of their south- ern oppressors and their renewed devo- tion to the Union. Three hundred men have assembled in tirms at a place culled Long Acre, nnd two thousand more have risen near a pluce called Washing- ton, who desire to have arms placed in their hands to defend themselves against the rebels. Meetings and Union lOdg- es-are held in the counties along the coast, with the avowed intention of supporting the cause of the Union. Though the state for a time has been dragged into secession, it is evident, her people have been unwilling victims. We rejoice to record this reviving patriotism bat there are many interesting and pleasing inci- dents in the history of the people which might have Jed ns to expect as" mnch. North Carolina was early filled np by accessions of fine class of emigrants, such as Protestants from the north of Ireland, Scotch Highlanders, Germans of tlft Moravian faith and Swiss from the Canton of Berne. The founders of the present city of Newbern gave it the name of New Berne, from the capital of the canton whence they came. Their imme- diate descendants were as sturdy and honest as themselves, a vein of religions feeling characterized them, which dis- played itself in their earliest newspapers and in the erection of a large number o churches. It still exists in the practica form of an extended and liberal system of common schools, well endowed atu supported by the state with a persistence and sagacity quite uncommon in the southern slave states. North Carolina devotes annually to her colleges anc schools and they are wel taught and numerously attended, while South Carolina con spare but yearly for similar purposes, and in her academies has made military tactics one of the chief objects of education. The old "North State" has had many curious events to make up her history__ One of them is connected with the nn- succesful attempt of Sir Walter Raleigh to found the first colony on the coast; another is the proprietary grant to the famous Lord Clarendon and seven as- sociates, consisting, among others, of General Monk, Ashby Cooper and Sir George Carteret; agaiu, in the failure of a New England colony near the Cape Fear river; and subsequently in an as- sociation ot emigrftuts from Bfirbadoes, which retained its foothold. The Eng- lish proprietors having formed the most exalted opinions of the domain granted them by Charles II., and believing that they had already founded an empire, thought proper to form a constitution for its government of proportionate gran- dear. Out of this idea came the cele- brated Utopian project of the Earl of Shafte'sbnry and John Locke, bis guide, philosopher and friend. One hundred and twenty articles, styled the "Funda- mental we're tablishing a government to be adminis- tered by noblemen and gentry, combining "political power with hereditary and placing the offices of state entirely beyond the reach of the people. The uobility was to be made np of landgraves or earls, and caciques or barons, the gen- try were to be lords of the manor. There was but one legislative chamber, one orthodox chnrch, and the trial by jury was changed in its character, so that a majority decided every issue. For more-than twenty years the administra- tion of the government was conducted under these impracticable articles, bnt thern not popnlation enough, labor- ers and all, to furnish the necessary no- bles for a respectable chamber. The fal- lacy of the theory and the impossibility of carrying it out becoming evident, the previous simple code of the colony re- turned into use, and in 1729 these fords proprietors sold out to the crown for twelve thousand five hundred dollars each. Utopia, like Arcadia, was no more. The emigration to which we have al- ready alluded gave strength and charac- ter to the new province. The High- landers came over, because the battle of Cnlloden deprived them of their Prince and country, the Scotch-Irish, because they would not yield their principles of church government into the hands of the state the Moravians, in the missionary spirit for which at that period they were so justly celebrated. Tbe people of North Carolina, with snch on origin, were ever foremost in re- sisting tyranny, whether of their local governor! or the mothtr country. If there was a speciality in their character, it was that of opposition to personnl des- potism and this trait, if it still remain6, will not long allow them to submit to the egotism or ascendancy of an irresponsi- ble dictator like Jefferson Davis. One of their governors, Sir William Tryon, mortal one of the Continental Congress Perhaps no political investigation ha been.more intensely followed up ttinti thi of the Mecklenburg Declaration. It claim to be the origin of the policy whic afterwards became that qf the united con federncy was finally established bcyonc nil question by the most positive proofs and it has (riven North Carolina almos a pre-eminence orcr the other origins states for sagacity, courage ami patriot ism. Such a stutc as this would be insane indeed to forfeit her high position. Her conduct during the revolution was admirable, and the action at Kings Mountain is one of the most gallant o the whole war, while her southern name' sake was to the very last the principa stronghold of the lories and disaffected We are, therefore, not in the least sur- prised at the gratifying intelligence we are receiving from the North State. Overawed by rebel forces and traitor con- ventions, cut off from communication with the loyal and crushed as she has been by the despotism of se- cession, she may be excused for her first stnpor at this alarming condition ol things. But we conld not believe and will not believe that she conld lonp; re- main insensible to her duties, her obliga- tions, her honor or her fame. Now that the great expedition has sailed we hope that not a moment will ae lost by the government in reinforcing ier loyal citizens, and sustaining the leg "slarnre in its determination to put down the traitorous convention that seeks njrain to resume its lawless authority.. The gate to her coasts is now in onr keeping, and let us send our friendly col- umns to the rescue. On the re-establish- ment of her constitutional position, let us open her ports, renew our commercial in- tercourse, and give her the fullest benefit of a domestic and foreign trade as the reward of her returning loyalty and pa- Y. Post. The Resignation of Sreckinridge. We have heard that John C. Breckin- ridge has published a manifesto to the people of Kentucky, da'ed at Bowling Green, the Rebel headquarters, bat we have been unable to get a sight of The St. Louis Republican appears to have been more fortunate and gives ns some insight into its contents. Mr. Breckinridge says it is written at the first moment since his expulsion from home that he could place his feet on the soil of Kentucky. This is a most impudent perversion of the truth, for he never was expelled from home he left Lexington impelled by his guilty fears of arrest, and his retreat was lighted by the bunting self consciousness of his complicity with treason. When the mock "Duke" of Tobin's Comedy is compelled to lay aside the borrowed robes of authority he does it with a constrained grace "as a well-bred dog walks down stairs when he sees pre- parations making for kicking him ind in the same spirit Breckinridge re- with the infamous traitors who conspired to break up the Government. Of all the persons engaged in this ne farious work, ho achieved the lowest depth of degradation, for he allowed himself to be used as a fourth candidate to distract and divide the vote of the country, with the full confidence that it would lead to the election of Mr. Liu- coin, nnd thus present to the Southern malcontents a pretext for their acts of secession. While those who were liis fellows in this treachery left their seats in Congress, he remained there, and gave aid to them in opposing every appropria- tion of men and means to resist the re- bellion, although it was five or six miles, the very Federal Capi- tal where he was sitting. No man is more deeply and terribly responsible for the blood and pillage and crime and hor- ror of the last six months. He knows it, too he knows that he is as guilty as Cain after the first fratricide, and he flies from the vengeance that awaits him. He is a refugee from his native State, with the brand upon his brow and the gnaw- ing vulture of remorse at his heart. His fate wffl be that of a traitor. In the last battle, Borne down bf the flying, Where mingles war's rattle With groans of the dying, There shall be be lying. Monster of perfidy, ingratc and fiend, name will be eternally linked with ,hose of Judos and Arnold, and, when listory seeks to recount the damning deeds of those who have entitled them- selves to the execration of mankind, tha name will be foremost in the scroll.whicl was borne by one, who, in the very spiri of the arch-demon, thought it better o reign in heil than serve in Louisville Journal. change with prond satisfaction a term ol six years in the United States Senate for the raasknt of a soldier." This is the cluster of the "Ancient for we all know that the service of the ex-Sena- ;or, if he serves at all, will be in some lonorary position, with sword and on a charger. Onr Louis contemporary says the address would fill two of its col- umns, and is mads up of misrepresenta ions. Breckinridge says there is no lon- rer a Senate of the United States with- n the meaning and spirit of the Consti- United States no longer Uuion is dissolved." But Kentucky is still one of the Uni- ed States'; his deceived and betrayed onstitnents are still loyal; they ize proudly the existence of the Govern- ment, of their fathers, and they deny that the Uu'ton is desolved. By what argu- ment can Mr. Breckinridge assert that the Union k dissolved now more than it was in Angnstlast, or that the existence of the United States has been imperilled since the session of Congress, when he occupied his seat as a Senator of the United States from the State of Kentuc- ky, and drew his pay from the Federal Treasury for his services If Mr. Breckinridge believed, when he took the Government's gold, that the United States no longer existed, and that the Uuion was dissolved, he acted like a pet- ty larceny thief and a swindler He knows that his course is indefensible he King Cotton vs. King Corn. Intoxicated with pride that their great taple, cotton, was the controlling power jf the world, and was to subdue to the lehests of the cotton oligarchy not only he "damned (as they almost niversally term all outside of the South- rn but also tbe mightiest po- entates of Europe were expected to bow ,o its sceptre. In the arrogance of their iride, they proclaim that "Cotton is and with the assurance that their ing could protect them in any of their wildest freaks.they set themselves to work o scatter firebrands around, which, like ic chap who applied the torch to the Temple, will secure to them- elves an eternity of infamy, thongh, un- like his feat, will hot accomplish their contemplated destruction of the temple of liberty. "Pride: must have a fall? a proverb'the which any one, who is an observer of passing events in this mundane sphere of ours, must have fully so it has proved with onr cotton king. The protectors of this rebellion fondly flattered themselves that if onr government would not recog- nize their pretensions and submit to their demands, England and France would hasten to their aid, and for the high 0 privilege of obtaining cotton, would dis- play their army and navy on onr coast, to demand at the cannon's month our re- cognition of their independence. And if our Government had submitted to their might hnve gone on in their submission till every State in the Union had become demoralized; for in the other States factions minorities conld hare with as mnch propriety demanded the same submission as those in the South have done, until there would have been no povernment-worthy of the naue, and oar country would have presented the same appearance as that of Israel of old, when there was no ruler in the land, and every one did as seemeth fight in his Oltrt eyes. It was hardlv to have been expected that his Majesty of Cottondom would so soon have been dethroned and brought low upon his marrow oh for the degradation of his fall, to be oblig- ed to acknowledge the more plebian like king, Corn, to be his superior It is almost as humiliating as would be the bowing of the knee of the chivalry of the South to the mnch despised Connecticut Yankee of the so it is, and, as before remarked, pride has had its fall. England and France jnst now, if they ever could have been indnccd to forego all their antecedents, their instincts of right and of prudence, to tempt them to knowledgment commit so great an of folly as that of running their heads nguinst this country, is self-cor.victedjpf the vilest treachery to the Slate whijnbas honored him and, being unwillihg to face the indignant peo- ple of Kentucky, he has sneaked away from their presence, and, surrounded by cutthroats and thieves, ii.cendiaries and felons, as a body guard, bos issued his impudent manifesto. We do not care particularly about see- ing the text of this last dying speech and confession of John C. Breckinridge. We know that he cannot jnstify his conduct, bnt that he has the insidious talent to conceal his real purposes beneath glitter- be token from this country, and is now being, shipped in immense quantities from New York to Havre rtnd other ports. But It is to the humiliation of King Cotton in his own dominions that it was particularly our intention to draw alien tion. It is known to (he intelligent reader that some strange financial opera- tion at the South was sometime since un- dertaken by the Confederate Govern- ment, which, with sotue pretension on our part to stateness, or common sense, we must acknowledge we never could com- prehend. The planters were told to keep (heir cotton at their own home instead of sending it to their seaporis, and the Government would buy it from take all Ihe responsibilities of selling it; and, it was understood, would pay the planters for Now the mystery to us has ever been how was their gov- ernment to make anything out of such an operation as this They evidently had not u dollar to spare, and no means to obtain one except as they could steal it fiom their own people, or rob it from those Yankees whom they were diking oat of their it id just now announced, by the latest advices from Secessia, that of the loan authorized to be raised at the commencement of the rebellion, but millions of the. fifteen tiave as yet been realized To buy cot- ton, therefore, and store it away in the heds of the planter, and to pay the lat- ter in bonds for it, bearing ont the slightest possibility of getting it u market to realize upon it, was a grand inancial scheme, worthy of the wisdom of those who have commenced a rebellion against an organized government of more than twenty millions of hard fisted and patriotic people, without the slightest show of reason or necessitJJFfor snch an outrage. The sharp-witted factors of New Orleans, who either saw that their craft was in danger, or perhaps they had a goodly sprinkling of the descendants of the shrewd Yankee nation among them, derided the scheme at the time as impracticable, and as tending to mischief and now behold the con- elusion of the whole thing, as Solomon would say. We just learn from Rich- mond, Mr. Memminger, the Secretary of the Treasury of the Confederate States, has issued a circular relative to the pro- duce loan, and the appeal of the cotton planters for relief. Mr. Memraicger, in the name of the Cabinet, declines to grant any relief, either by the purchase of the cotton crop or an advance upon its hypothecated value. He declares that the Sonth, being now engaged in a gigantic war, needs money and no plant- ers' no'tes or produce, and explains that what the Government requires is a loan from the planters, secured by Treasury Notes, whirb now form the currency of the Confederate States. He advises lhr, olanters to apply to the, banks for re- lief, and recommends them to apply themselves in future to the cultivation of grain and other products rather thon to that of cotton." Thus we find to what a lame and im- potent conclusion tins this wonderful scheme advanced The planters are jravely told that they have been under a wonderful dek-sion that so far from the government wanting the burden of their crop on its hands.they want their money' and Mr. Memminger, their wise financial Secretary, fs reques'ed by the Cabinet to ay to these sajrucious planters (who lave been fluttering themselves that by ome 7iocu? pocux, the modus operandi of which they could not very distinctly Understand, the Government was going o aid them to buy their stock of pro- visions nnd mules, and implements, all of which they have been o' ligcd heretofore to set from the rascally that, good easy souls, they were most egregi- onsly boot is on the other leg We want you, says this grand fi- nancier to go into bank and borrow money and loan to us, the Government, to carry on this itar." And still worse, and more shocking than all, too, the Secretary is the medium for the announcement of the death and downfall of their King, for he coolly advises that his majesty be set aside jast now, and that they must emit that poor, despised King Corn, of the fertile Wes', in his place. In plain terms, stop planting cotton and go into corn.' A full nc- that nil their hopes of Europe interfering with the blockade have been knocked into a cocked to Oregon and California we have or- ganized three new territories, Colorado, Dacotnh and Nevada, so effectively and auspiciously that each is notf raisine re- Diluents of cavalry for the armies of the republic; we have subscribed hundreds of millions of the national loan within our own borders, and puid it in hard cash and from our overflowing granaries we hnve sent ao vast an amount of bread- stuffs to Europe ns to leave a lurpe bal- ance of trade in onr fuvor, which she is obliged to pay in gold. In the midst of such wonders an these, haw vain mid frivolous appears the no- tion that this stupendous structure is full- ing to pieces, and the world is witnessing the self-immolation of its mightiest crea- tion. Perhaps it may crumble to atoms someday, bnt not till it 1ms dazzled nnd amazed old Europe with achievements of which she h-as not yet dreamed. We cauuot undertake to say that snch atoms as Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, Illi- nois, Virginia, etc., mny not be too preat to need company, for each will be an em- pire it. itsilf But let the world wait til the fullness of time shall bring the con- summation. At present we have too much to do as a U-iion to afford to sepa- rate The Pacific telegraph was rendered nracticuble by the establishment of flour- shing coloni.-s in Nevada, Utah, Colora- do and Kansas.the success of the overland mail and pony express, and the revival of the overland emigration. These things render equally practicable the Pacific railroad and if Congress will at its next session pass the requisite bills giving land grants for the purpose, we have no doubt that the road will speedily be built. The Illinois Central railroad was built through a wilderness, which the land grant has enabled it to In like manner many other railways in the free States have been constructed, and carried with them the settlements re- quisite to create a paying business. Let us therefore press forward with all the vi- gor we possess, and build this great Pa- cific railroad now BS a demonstration of oar power. It willl do more to bind the distant west to as than all the armies we can muster, and the rebel south will struggle in vain to clutch the territories if we thus render their association with us inevitable by means of the telegraph and railway. We can as well afford to spend the millions of dollars we are rais- ing for this purpose as to maintain ar- mies to hold these vast western posses- Amer. INDIAN SUMMER. BT HE.VET P. LBLASD. Westward the sky is all aflame, Bright clouds like rolling fires appear While flood and forest mirror back These death-pyres of a dying year. Fall at the sun an Indian looks With calm, undaunted eagle eyes Within its golden-mist he sees The Happy Hunting dies. Low winds mourn forth in solemn tones And to his wild death-dirge reply Through forests, eloquent with moans, They bear along his dying cry. Thesn are the last hours of a War painted, on the blood-stained path- Glorious in health, and life and strength, Who dies at Pals Faced Winter's wrath of these articles Changed, to hftu they all suggest foqfdgtiH in the hiitory.of bis remarkable child. These memorials of her iudiiR'rr, inpremifty aii4 jrert- ius, fill me with n sndcfcned pleasure for though t know she alive, she is so far awny from her native land, that theso echoes from the past seem like voices of the dead SIGNALING THE At TOUCHING iHe well known characters of the city of Cleve- land, is an old, gray-haired, beaten man, dressed as a fisherman, who vt'ill stand lor hours on the dock, looking vacantly toward the lake, Bhrj dt times making water-signals with a fragment of a broom, a piece of paper, or anything he happens to hnve in his hand. This conduct greatly mystified the beholders, many of whom laughed and jeered at him, until the story of his misfortunes became known. A sailor recognized the old man as one he had known, and recently explained the causes of his present insaii' ity. The nnfortnnate mnn, it seems.waa formerly a fisherman on Luke Michigan, and had reared all his children, four stal- wart sotis, to the same perilous-calling. Four years ago this fall, a terrific storm swept the lalve and the who were out together in their boat at the time, were lost. The father was on shore, aiid perceiving the approach of the tempest by certain signals in the air, climbed to a high rock, and signaled his boys to hast- en to land immediately. They saw and the signals, and hurried toward the Imf- bor but when within n few hundred of the shore the storm came down npari them with resistless fury, and the frantic father sow his sons, the" hope ai.d stay of his declining years, perish in his very siijht 1 Since then the poor old man has been a harmless maniac, with bat one his boys are on the lake, and he must signal them to hurry in be- fore the storm. At all times he hovers around the docks, making his signals to the dead with touching earnestness of look but when a storm tosses the into phosphorescent froth, that look deepens into a terrible star of horror, and he stalks along the docks' tbrongh all the rain, making his signals and call-' ing the names of his boys to the wind___ Poor, desolate old man his exposure is beginning to tell upon his hardv frame, and he will probably be found lying dear! on lake shore some morning with his -ignals in his Nave witnessed such an uprising iu the I and that they must now set to work to North, to which the history of modern raise brcnd to fted iheir stnrving ne- something of a similar disposition, was inff flnd honeyed words. OfcR are like ill-hnng when they hate little to carry, they raise prodigious clatter i when beurily ladeo, neither creak tior ratable. The frivolous and unjustifiable exenses for a bnd 1 But the trial and condemnation of Mr 1 Breckinridge were held and pronounced before the jury of popular opinion months nnd months ago. While he wius holding dnd to from their resentment and j them find ft more qniet potilior. in the govern ment of New York. In 1774 astcmblnpe of delrg" was held at Xcwbern, nnd recommended She culling of n Continental Conprcss, avowing- the most patriotic srniimculR, nnd sympathizing with the people of pie and prcsidine over the Senate of the New England and in the fcprinp of the United Slates while be following year tbe famous Convention n candidate for the ws.8 held in Mecklenburg, at which tbe Declaration of Independence van odopt- ed, thirteen prcvions to tbe ire- times has shown no parallel, as would de ter them from bo great a folly In the course of a few months, they find 000 men under arms, equipped and drill- ed, most of them ready for the they find the capitalists ol onr own coun- try earnestly begging of the Government to accept of their loons by the hundreds of see their own peo- ple pressing: upon our Government one hundred millions of dollars, whilst onr own financiers are protesting npsinpt onr letting those of the old world have a share of the pood things they know is in the loan. And not only thie, bnt they find that our teeming harvests are requir- ed by their own people, to keep them from starvation, aid tney ere rolling in their gold by the wnich near- ly all that we choose to take from thfm at the lime, in payment for the breadsiuffs which onr numerous flee'.1; of groes So ruoch for poor King Cotton.' Clipper. Harriet Hosmer. Those whe have heard of the talented Sculptor, Harriet Hosmer, (and what American has not will be interested iu the following extract from her Biogra- phy, recently published by Mrs. L. M. Childs For the convenience of her father, when I am in doubt about any fact, I am writing this sketch in the mnseom-parlor, which she fitted up, and which all the family considered peculiarly ber I dip my pen in the inkstand she made, years ago, of a sea-gull's egg, nnd the body of a beautiful kingfisher, that she shot in one of her rambles. By ray side is the crow's npst she captured, after climbing a tree forty feet high, now monnted on a pretty rnstic stand of her own manufacture. Under the window stands the skelton of a cat which she pre- pared. Iu a glass case are any quanti- ty of beetles and bntterflies.mostly cnnght by herself and her sister. Birds of vari- ous size and plumage, killed and stuffed by herself, are perched about in every nook and corner; pi es of nesis, with eggs in them, testifying her love for natural h'story. In a recess stands the Jong In- dian pipe she smoked with the Dacotah chief. Among the minerals is the ore she bonght up in a bucket from the mines of Dubnejtie. The walls are de- corated with sketches on which she tried her band at painting. Her Erst efforts The Hew Era of the Great Republic, Capacity for preat en'erprises has been among the dintingnishing characteristics of tbe great republic, but vast as bos been our reputation hitherto in this re- spect, the present era is swelling it be- yond all previous conjecture Just ns in plaster are'scattered abont tbe room the English press eagerly exclaims that the spell is broken and the republic is shattered forever, it has accomplished two wonders which servo to illustrate its marveloos tnerpy. It has built and opened a complete line of magnetic lele- CTnph tbe continent from New York to San and raised, i several of them likenesses of the hands of her Pchool-mBtes at Lenox, piano lie photographs of her On the worki. in marble; various busts, monnaeots, me- and statues. Among them is a equipped, tirmc-d arid discip'iffd an army n! half n miillion of men. nnd a navy of over iaor.ty iliontand These thiupe have been while Europe has supposed nil here in a the second office in the pifi of this pec- mercantile marine tre now employed in was afterwards i transportine to their shores 1 Frmtce flute of chnos At the snme time we ftlonr, it is believed, will require hro j nnraolesk-d thirty thousand i fired million t of worth of bread- pencefo! emiprants.with nil ilirir families, i ofts, lo fopply deficiencies of tbe j poods, cattle snd two wag-one ,j I be largest portion of which will three thousand tnilrs across ihc continent Presidency, and J while be WM exercising the doties of a I United Stales Senator, he plotting j te betray his eonntrjr and WM in league docnerreotype of herself, with the bloose and artist's cap, which she wears while ot work in her Roman Rtodio. I looked inlo tSe little "shop" in tbe pardtn, where tbe bast of Hespcr for- merly refreshed my eyes with the mild hpanly of the evening star. On tbe Wfclla is a copy of tbe Royal Exchange, which she roodf when a tchool-girl. Ysrioun little rthxltk and tools are on tbe work- bench, where 'he oec-d them, pile of dried rlny is in the earner. Her fnh- er is unwilling to tbe pluc-ts of FREMONT JUDGED BY A XBW Yofifc- following is an from tbe letter of an intelligent gentleman now at St. Lonia, and whose 'tidglng are among the best Fremont is sustained here by an overwhelming support of the his army, which is one of tbe best ap- pointed in the field anywhere, are anima- ted by spirit of devotion to their leader never surpassed, and to a man they will die or triumph with their chief. Yorf may look for a brilliant triumph if they overtake Price before he leaves this State. If they fail in this, then I think you may look for their turning np in due time in Memphis or New Orleans. Of all the men in tbe field at tbe head of our advancing armies no one, in my opinion, surpasses Fremont in heroic daring and1 endurance. Oh I my dear friend, bow little do the enemies of Fremont in the tration know what they are doing by withholding supplies, arms and money from his command, and, what is holding over him a threatened removal and disownment of his chivelne officers around him, accompanied with threaten-' ed non-payraeut withdl for their services; it is rather hard to fight thus against a hellish rebellion in front, snd assaulting blows, so fatally pfven, in tbe rear Em'i the Pathfin ler will master all. and write yet a glorious page in history of his powers and patriotism. The generals of his division ore among the bravest of onr land Hunter, Prentiss, McKinstry, Sigel and Pope, all men of mark and with gallant commands." is a great mistake in female education to keep a Temale's time and attention devoted to only the fashionable literature of the day. If yon wonld fjnalify her for conversation, you mnst give her something to talk.about, give her education with this actual world and its transpiring events. Urge read newspapers nnd become familiar with the present character nnd improve- ments of our race. Let woman have an intellieent be able to snstaw an intelligent conversation concerning the mental, moral, politics! and religions improvements of onr time. Let the gil- ded animals and poems on tbe centre ta- ble be kept part of tbe time covered with daih or weekly journals. Let the family women, and the newspapers. TnK World ho.8 advices from ington thst "Gen. McClellar. has been so pestered with callers that he issued orders to-day admittiDg no one to his quarters elecpt members of his own staff." Trial strikes ns us a rery sensible and even necessary regulation. Too many of tbe selfish and the heedlea likely to forjret bow overwhelmed with and tnxtoies the commander of grent army be-. Mere corkwity nod vnl- jffcr impudence will impel tbonmnde to fabricate pretexts for introding them- selves on tht presence of a notable per- or one holding big-h rxwftJon. Put itn'l tf lvfl-y for Grn. MfClfUan hit namf ifnV John C. "SPAPERJ ;