Questions? Call (888) 845-2887 Hablamos Español

Share Page

Peninsular News And Advertiser: Friday, November 1, 1861 - Page 1

Get 1 more page view just for clicking

to like us on Facebook


   Peninsular News And Advertiser (Newspaper) - November 1, 1861, Milford, Delaware                               VOL. 23. MILFORD, DELAWARE, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 186J. WHOLE. NO. 231. An Ice-Cavern in the Alps. EXPLORATION OF THE SCHAFLOCH Subterranean Wonders. A contributor to Temple Bar gives a full description of the huge ice-cavern of the Schafloeh won- derful place which no traveller, he says, has exploredjind at the horrors of which the Swiss peasantry are terribly fright ened. Its position is thus indicated Lying high back from the Lake of Thnn is the Jusiis Thai, a narrow volley of singulor'grandeur and wildness. On cither side walls of rock tower perpen- dicularly two or trea thonsand feet; o pushing stream pours with giddy roar through its very heart; a stragcling may be met with here and there at long intervals; whilst.ltage. bonlders.torn by the action- of time from the mountain ridges, strew the few grassy spots in what it seems paradoxical to call a plain, and which afford scanty pasture to a drowsy flock of goats and cows. Bat the most remarkable phenomenon of this scared valley is the Sckafloch, a huge ice-cavern, bored, as it were, in the solid rock nine hundred feet above the level of the valley, and apparently inaccessible to human approach. Neither the peasants of the Tillage nor the mountaineers conld any account of the interior." There WAS bat one man in the valley who conld act as a guide to this out-of- the-way spot, and jie had visited it bat once; yet the traveller engaged his ser- vices, conditions. I will leave ray wife and children in pledge with the said the guide, if I don't bring back again safe." The bargain was strack arid the small party set Here 'is the account of the expedition A DESOLATE SCENE. After a few hours' ascent we wended onr way through what seemed to be a natural gateway of the mountain, and suddenly confronted the valley of the Justis-Thal. A new scene now opened before us. A small plateau lay at our feet, which presented a scene of desola- tion it would be as difficult to forget as it would be to describe. The rocks of Linton may afford a faint idea of But in addition to the mighty boulders which seemed scattered about by the hands of giants, or the sons of Anak, struggling ,iu an angry mood, it was evi- dent that the spot had once been a for- est Some pines, towering a hnndred feet, still stood erect; others hod been snapped off midway, and their lofty heads dropped downwards to the earth others, again, lay prone on the ground, singly, or htiddled together like corpses on a battle-field. But the most extraor- dinary phenomenon was their trunks and branches, which had been literally strip- ped of their bark. Some were black, as thongh scarred by lightening; others were already converted into the softest touchwood, which crumbled into dust on the least handling. Everywhere the melancholy signs of decay and desolation presented themselves: and it required no stretch of the fancy to make ns imagine we bad reached the outskirts of nature. A PUZZLE. After admiring this magnificent view for a time, we determined to move The question, however, was, which way were we to go Johann admitted that lie was now out of his latitnde and long- itude. The cavern might be in the per- pendicular rock immediately below ns; or it might be to the left; it was impos- sible to be to the right. Since leaving Sigriswyl, we had not seen a single indi- vidual, not even a woodman or a goat- herd so it was impossible to appeal for information to a human creature. How- ever, the face of the rocks on the other side of the vnlley were familiar to the guide, and by comparing the positions of certain prominences in relation to the Schafloeh, he came to the conclusion that it lay to the left. To the left, therefore, turned, and crossing the sylvan Gol- -gotha already described, and descending ;a little, we came upon the face of the mountain, about hundred feet from sits summit. THE SCHAFLOCH. At this point thr Schafloch was full in view, a mile or more in front of us but how was it to be reached There was no beaten track; the rock was almost perpendicular; the surface crumbled be- neath onr feet at every step, and the slightest mishap would precipitate BP a thousand feet into the valley beneath. I was not disposed, however, to turn back. We embarked npon the crumbling de- bris, the dust of ages, and tank at once deeper than onr ankles in the stony de- tritas. At every step, a mass of this un-1 and instable terrain was jn motion, and it was scarcely possible to .prevent ourselves moving downwards] it. Occasionally the force of this mass wonld communicate a loco- j motive impetus to a hoge bonlder, when might be heard a sound of something leaping and dashing from point to crashing through brakes brambles or the branches of treex, at lenc'h plnnging with, a voice of thunder into Rome cryptic chaftn, there to rest itself doomsday. I hod, honrtver, learnt to wnlk the and notwith- standing the almost Insurmountable diffi- cult of the track we bed to trnrerse, I contrived by the nee of the alpenstock, which ar n Vinci of ancing-pole, as well as the exercise of a nervous caution, to reach the entrance of the cavern. Johnnn followed at a re- spectable interval, so as to let the crum- bling earth settle before planting foot upon it again. But it-was found I had disturbed the surface deep enough to render the path for Jchann comparative- ly easy and secure. The last few paces, however, were the most hazardous, for the Schafloeh was guarded by two pro- jections of rock, to which I had to cling with my hands, and around which I had to swing myself. No sooner had we set foot on the edge of the cavern than we opened our little store, and took out n flask of favorite Cahors. Congratulating myself and country on the success of my enterprise, I planted a diminutive Union Jack on on overhang- ing pinnacle of rock at the entrance of the Sehafloch. THE ANTE-CHAMBER. Immediately before me was nn ante- chamber, running, as well as I can com- pute, some seventy or eighty feet back from the front of the precipice. The entrance might be thirty feet high, by forty wide, the roof rising internally like a domed vault, until another twenty feet was added to the height. This natural vestibule was sufficiently lighted from without to require no torch; but as we advanced inward, the gloom gradually deepened. On the left was the real cav- ern, the colossal hall, which I had come to see. Yet, how was it to be approach- ed The threshold for fifty feet or so was strewn with rough pavement of splin- tered rock, the sharp edges of which cut like the blade of a knife; or huge boul- ders, so smooth and slippery with peren- nial damp, that it was almost impossible to scramble over them or perhaps a huge quadrangular slab, polished as a irlass mirror, on a gradient of fifteen or twenty degrees, invited the foot only to betray. Added to this, after the first few steps, the light of day became extin- guished, and the eye rested npon a vista of Cimmerian darkness, through which the vision could not penetrate, but from whose cold depth gushed a stream of icy air, chilling the body, and making me grateful for the wrapper which Johann 3ad persisted in bringing. A SLIDE INTO THE ABYSS. At this point we lit onr lamps, and commenced groping our-way slowly and painfully over the sharp flint-like debris which constituted the floor of this In- ferno." Mostly on hands and knees, rarely erect, we traversed stony slough of despond, hoping that every step tvonld land ns on level ground Vain hope 1 only new obstructions, new difficulties, new perils were to arise. At the extremity of the first plateau the ground made a rapid descent, not rough and rigid, not sharp and cutting as hith- erto, -as though so many stilettoes were stuck handle downward in the the surface strewn with broken bottles, but smooth and glacial. In fact at this line the region of ice began, and we had to descend the side of a cylinder, as it were, over which water had been thrown which had frozen as soon as it touched the snrface. Like Canadians over a rapid, Johann and myself yielded to the force of circumstances, and trust- ing onrselves to the treacherous decline, glided down, holding onr lamps as best we conld, and using our alpenstocks as safety-drags. It was necessary to nse great cantion, for in the vagne obscurity beyond we conld define neither space nor limii; the fall might lead to an abyss into which, without warning and quick as thought, we should be engulfed forever. The story of the calamity of our deaths might be noised abroad, and made the theme of innnmerable epistles in home and conti- nental journals by Alpine tourists, but who would be able to point out the lo- cality of the catastrophe, or know where to look for our remains I must confess to a momentary hesitation, to a beating heart.to a nervous we launched ourselves, like Columbus, upon this un- known, invisible sea of ice. It was, however, but a transient feeling. The rapid'' was ventured, and in a few mo- ments we were at the foot of this minia- ture predp ice. A SPLENDID SCKXE. Now opened upon us in the deep a splendid scene. Not raauy feet beyond ns blazud innumerable stars, which glistened like spangles or diamonds in the ebon horizon. Wherever the light of onr lamps fell, a rainbow radi- ance illumined a- little sphere, which twinkled and sparkled like the planets on a dark December night. From the roof to the ground, this brilliant galaxy of stars continued in a broken, but not less beautiful, chain. Place a piece of phos- phorus in n rayless room, watch the pret- ty coruscations of the glow-worm on a sylvan bank in June, when the warm sun has long set, multiply the effect a thou- sandfold, and then yon mny conceive something of the witchery of the picture j of which we were witnesses. j AH the loveliness of this ice-scene, or I all its terrors, howcvtr, were not yet ex- j haunted. Johann, who seemed to ander- stand how to fel the cavern of to advantage, now lit up n score or two of which we hod bronchi with ne, i and ndroilly arranging them in the differ- j ent nooks, enabled me to form nn I mate of raajrnifieenc of the Schofloch j We were now fnirly in the interior. How, then, fhnll J describe it Many of my I reader? have feen sUlnctite caves, with thtir flarnrov. chalk-like But j the recollection of the caves will afford liot a faint conception of tlic tecnc I should like to pencil. From thereof the water had evidently oozed down from time immemorinl. Its full, however, had been arrested by on ley hand, even at the roof; us fresh streams from the rock above penetrated through and trickled over the congealed surface, icicles grew and grew until they reached the ground, but instead of falling perpendicularly to the floor, they formed outward and bent inward. Interlacing these props, as it were, of a structure built from the top, frozen bands, or branchcc which intersect- ed each other, created the most perfect trellis-work, or more properly speaking, the most delicate filagree work The result was a scene of real enchant- ment, and I seemed transported, as in a dream, into the midst of nn eastern para- dise. Kiosks, with innumerable minar- ets, or pavilions, or puinted pagodas, or what you will, rose before me, vanishing away in the purest crystal. Johann likened the view fro a pine-grove clud in snow; but the illustration was It might have been better to have de- scribed it as a Gothic cathedral, the pil- lars in the'nave being constructed of glass, and lit up from the interior; but even this similitude is faint and iruoer- feet. SUBTERRANEAN STREAMS. We passed upwards of thirty of these subterranean temples, and then a rayless void loomed upon us. The ground be- came more and more steep, and it was with difficulty we conld prevent ourselves from losing all control over our locomo- tion Johann's experienced ear, too, caught a sound of dripping water, and he comomnicated to me his suspicions that there was danger ahead. We paused and listened. Drip, drip, drops fell at intervals, but where or how far off we could not tell; only we conld hear that the drops fell into a body of water from the dull plashing sound they made. I suggested that we should search for a stone, and test the space beyond by rolling it ahead of us. Fortunate was it we did so. For a moment the stone was as large as a as it were, over a ledge of ice, and then, after a second or so, we heard it plunge into a deep well. I could not for the instant repress a feeling of horror. The depth of the water below we could not ascertain but pushing our lumps, and letting them swing by means of a piece of string for some distance, a dark, deep chasm mysteriously revealed itself. It is useless to apply potent epithets to give a deeper dye to the The reader must imagine the sensations of one standing en the slippery verge of an abyss, into which he might instanta- neously glide down. We felt awe-strick- en, for it was doubtful how we should be able to remouut the incline, paved with the smoothest we had partially descended, and at the bottom of which yawned the watery gulf. In turning round onr foot might slip, or anything might occur to throw ns off onr balance. However, volunteering to regain the summit of the perilous steep, I achieved the task safely, and to make assurance doubly sure, I rendered aid to Johann The tapers were still burning in the niches of the rock and pavilions as we left them, and beautiful wns the picture when we turned to contemplate the fairy-like il- lumination we had created. Whether we had become accustomed to the slippery flooring, or whether we felt more certain of onr ground, certain it is that we did not experience the diffi- culty of reascending out of the Schnfloch we had in descending into it. As we ar- rived at the extremity of the rotigh.sharp threshold, the last lights were flickering far down in the cavern, and probably be- fore we gained the entrance, and inhaled once more the fresh balmy air of the up- per world, had died out, and left kiosk, temple, and hall in their primeval gloom. From Pensaoola. Mr. Packard, who arrived from Pen- sacola in the McCleUan, gives the follow- ing He hod been making arrangements for some time to leave at the first favora- ble opportunity. On the 10th he went down the river to Pensacola on business, and, in company with his wife and five others, went on board a lighter lying there with the professed purpose of re- turning to Milton. They had some dif- ficulty in getting permission to leave the wharf after sunset, as this was contrary to the regulations, but finally succeded. The night was darkjnd threatened rain. They steered acrolro Deer Point, where they left the lighter and proceeded in small boats to Santa Rosa island, where they landed, as it proved, some eleven miles above the fort. They camped in a hollow during the night and the next day, fearing that they would be discovered by the guard boat in cose they attempted to go by water, they crossed the i.-lond and walked all the way to Wilson's camp, from which they soon made their way to the fort. They came to New York in the McCleUan, on which they were obliged to pay a dollar and a haff each, for very inferior fare. Mr. Packard soys that the attack on Wilson's camp was nvon-pd in Poncncola to hnve been part of an intended attempt to Ftorm the fort. News had reached the Rebels that a fleet was on its KBV to the Gulf with men and it was deemed necessary to attack the fort be- fore its arrival. They hnd arranged, thnt 1500 should attarV and dttiroy WiUon'd carop, while K'OO more shonld cross the and attack fort in the opening 1iU batteries upon itatn given sjgnnl. The 1500 men sent to surprise the camp were all picked men, seventeen being selected from each eompany of the various regi- ments. The other 1000 were Georgiu troops, find could not'be collected from the town in which they were scattered soon enough lo take pirn in the They were just rendy to embark wiien the others came back their repulse. It was universally conceded by the Re- bels at Pensacola that the expedition was an ntter ond costly failure. About fifty of the men carried cans of camphene for the purpose of firing.-tlie tents. They came upon Wilson's men and took them by surprise. Part of them fought very well, and Major Crc-'ghton ordered them to charge, but his orders were counter- manded, and the troops fell back towards the fort, in some confusion. dipt. Hill, meantime, hearing the fir- ing, came out of the fort with two or three regulars, repulsed the Rebels, drove them into their boats and killed many of them after they had cm- barkeJ. One Rebel officer was shot in the cabin of the steamer in which he was crossing, when more than half a mile from shore. The regulars shotted the most perfect discipline and courage, and fired three shots to the rebels one, taking very accurate aim and hitting nearly all the men in the or breast. It was conceded at Pensacola, (and indeed the Rebel newspaper accounts already re- ceived, their loss at 40 killed and 50 or 60 wounded. The loss on our side was either 11 or 13 (Mr. P. did not re- member which) killed and 8 wounded. The reported destruction of property in Wilson's camp is utterly untrue. They partly burned one barrel of pork not damaging more than a quarter of it, set a house on fire, and destroyed fifteen or twenty tents. Beyoud this they did no damage whatever. Mr. Packard states that Col. Brown had made all his arrangements to open his batteries upon Pensacola on the 16th; and that he was prevented by the affair at the mouth of the Mississippi, which made it necessary for two of the ships which were to have taken part in the action, to go to the aid of onr blockading fleet. Affairs in Pensacola are represented as being anything but prosperous. The Rebels have about 7000 men there, but provisions were very high, and the Gov- ernment bad begun to seize grain, pork and whatever else might arrive for the public service, paying only at such rales as they might fix Pork was selling at a barrel, and 30 cents a pound nt re- tail. Sugar cured haras, 35cents; but- ter, 60 cents salt, a bushel; r-orn, flonr, to f 12 a barrel; biicon, 25 cents n Some provision dealers had written to their correspon- dents in the country not to send any more produce there., as it would be seized by the Government. Every man suspect- ed of owing any debts at the North, was compelled to declare the amount under oath, and pay it over to the Rebel trea- sury. Nothing was in circulation but paper money, gold commanding a pre- mium of 20 per cent. Corporations and individuals were issuing shinplasters of all sizes. Mr. Packard states that any one sus- pected of Union sentiments is in great danger of being though a Mo- bile paper stated that over 400 "mien residents" huci gone from there to Rich- mond to sret passports lo the North, un- der the proclamation giving them 60 days to leave. He says there are still a great many Union men there, but they dare not eive the slightest expression to their sentiments. Mr. P. himself is a native of Maine. Some Assertions Refuted, The great issue of the day is, whether we shall have a Constitution and Gov- ernment, or be broken into many frag- ments which will be in their course as eratic as the comets, without stability or any known law of order, nnio.i, or strength we shall have a set- tled and established Uniou as formerly, with prosperity and happiness, or dis- membered, broken, scattered, petty gov- ernments, that would probably soon war with each could not from weak- ness resist the attacks of any foreign power Although this absorbing and momentous issue, affecting the life exist- ence of the Government, is presented for the solemn consideration and judgment of the people, we find the Secessionists, the cross rood? politicians, these little thimble rigging" demagogues, ns well as the leaders who in heart wish the des- truction of the Constitution, prnting about habeas corpus, arrests, occupancy of Maryland by Government troops, en- listing men for three years instead of twelve months, (fee., endeavoring to divert the mind of the masses from the real question before them, and create a prejudice against the Union movement and the efforts to sustain the Govern- ment. On the Gth of Aoga-.t last Congress passed a law, in its third section declar- j ing as follows I And be it further enacted, That all the acts, proclamitioni; nnd orders of the President of the United Stales, after the fourth of March. 1861. rt-spcriing the. army and navy of the United Slatrs.and calling ont or relatinc to the roilitin or I volunteers from the State's, are hereby approrrd, and in ell respects legalized I and made valid, to tit? eame intent and with the same effect if they bud bern issued and done under the previous ex- press aolhoritv and direction of the Con- gress of the United thousand volunteers, the ntutioning a portion In Baltimore and elsewhere, the crossing the Po'omoc, the battles Ihal followed, nre all legalized by Congress 8u were all the nrrestp made by the mili- 'ary. Congress believed that the Presi- dent acted from a (treat, impending, and vital necessity, which like the laws of Fclf-dcfence, did not admit of delay and the ordinary forms of Inw. Like the cose of a mnn aiming n loaded at another and pulling Ihe is no time to go to a Justice for a Slate warrant, but the low of self-preservation, which is above all human laws, comes in and justifies taking the life of the ag- gressor. This lew has been decided to be con- stitutional by Judce Wayne, of the Su- preme Courl of tbe Uui'ed States, a cit- izen of Georgia, and Southern in his feelings nnd affinities. In the case of a soldier, E. A. Stevens, who applied for a discharge from the army on various grounds, and-among others the unconsti- Inlionalily of this law, Judge Wayne said It is my opinion that Congress has constitutional power to If pralizn and con- firm Executive acts, proclamations, and orders done for the public good.nlthough they were not, when done, authorized by any existing laws. That such legislation by Congress mny be made to operate re- tractively to confirm what may have been done under sueh proclamations and orders so as to be binding upon the Gov- ernment in regard to contracts the persons with whom they were made. And that the third section of an act of Congress of the 6th day of August, 1861, legalizing the acts, proclamations, and orders of the President.aftcr the 4lh of March, 1861, respecting the atroy and navy, and calling out and relating to tbe militia and volunteers of the States, is constitutional and valid, as if they had been issued nnd done under the previous authority and direction of Congress." With snch authorities before them we should rather think it required more than an ordinary share of temerity and pre- sumption, both in leaders and subordi- nates of the self-styled Peace Party" to declaim further npou these irrelevant News. OTJH COtTNTEY. On primal rocks she wrote her name; Iler towers were reared OB holy graves; The golden seed that bore h-r came Swift-winged with prayer o'er ocean wares. The forest bowed his solemn crest, And open flung his sylvan doors Meek Rivers led the appointed Gnost To clasp the wide embracing shores. Till, fold by fold, the broidered land To swell her virgin vestments grow, While Sages strong in heart and hand Her virtue's Eery girdle drew. t 0, Exile of the wrath of kings 0, Pilgrim Ark of Liberty The -efnge of divinest Their record must abide in thee. First in the glories of thy front Let the crowned jewel Troth Thy right hand generous wont, Love's happy chain to farthest bound. Let Justice, with the faultier scale, Hold fast the worthip of thy son--: Thy Commerce spread her ihininj; sails Where no dark tide of rapine runs. So link thy ways to those of fiod, So follow firm the beavnnly laws, That stars may greet And storm-sped Angels hail thy canse. 0, Land, the measure of onr prayers, Hope of the world in grief and wrong, Be thine the trihnteof the yeirs, The gift of Faith, the crown of Song. [Atlantic Monthly. (hey proceeded to Littleton the vessel remained in.til the Sailing thence in a northerly direction they were met by immense packs of ice, which the vessel could not She then made for Cape Isabella, on the west side of Smith's Straits, which was safely reached. Boat parlies were sent out from here to explore, but the ice was so solid that no chance was found for proceeding. The United States next came to nnc-hor nt the Esquimaux settle- ment of Natiik, Northumberland Island, on the coast of Greenland. After surveying Whale Sound, the ves- sel sailed for Upernavik, on the voyage home, arriving there on the 15th of August, 1861, after passing through one hundred and fifty miles of field ice in Melville Bay. She sailed thence for Diseoe Island, and on the 17th Septem- ber left New York. Prom September 24 to October 7 the United States ex- perienced very heary gales, and sustain- ed some sliphi injury to her sails and gear. She put in here for repairs, and will pro- bably remain until Monday next. August Sontag, the gen- tleman of high s -ientific attainments, who accompanied Dr Kane on his last expe- dition, and was nt one lime connected with the United States coast survey, was frozen to death in his sledge while out exploring, accompanied by a single Es- quimaux. The body was recovered and interred at Port Fo'lke, near Cape Al- exander. The carpenter, Gibson Caruthers, died during the voyage These nre the only deaths out of the crew of sixteen persons which left Boston. The party was unu- sually free from sickness. Six men belonging to the wrecked whaleship St. Andrew of Aberdeen, join- ed the United States at Diseoe, making the crew twenty in number. Hans, an Esquimaux, on whom Dr. Kane placed great dependence, who is frequently mentioned in Dr. Kane's book, ontl who deserted that expedition while in the ice in the far North, wns found art Cape York by ihe crew of the United States, and returned in the vessel to Up- ernavik, whence he bad started with Dr. Kane. The expedition went ns for north as 35'. a latitnde whbh is said to have been before reached only by Perry in 1827-8 On the coldest dav experienc- ed the thermometer was down to be- low zero. The vessel wns provisioned for two years, and her returning now, without having had any serious disasters, inclines us to the beli'-f that the party has made some important discoveries, which they are not desirous of communicating here. If so, it will be laid before the public ere leng. The following is a correct list of the officers and crew of the United States, Commander, T. I. Hayes, M. D. Captain, S. J. McCormjck first mate, II. W. Dodge secjnd mate, John Mc- Donald commander's secretary. G. F. Kboor; assistant astronomer, H. D RadcliBs; master's mate, Colin 6. Starr; a cook, steward, cubin boy, and ten men before (he mast. Dr. Hayes' Arctic Expedition. The Halifax Journal has the follow- ing account of the results of Dr. Hayes' Arctic expedilion Up to the time of their arrival at this port the party hnd been for over twelve months without receiving news from home, excepting, however, a solitary English newspaper obtained at Uperna- vik, which cantained President Lincoln's proclamation for an extra session of Con- gress. It may readily be imagined how eager were officers and crew to possess themselves of newspapers containing news from home. Since their departure the storm cloud, then a mere speck on the political horizon, has spread over the whole heavens, nnd plunged the country into the horrors of civil war. Events have followed one ofter the other in qnick succession; and to these Arctic voyagers it most secern as if the occurrences of nn ordinary lifetime hnd been compressed into the few months of their absence. The United States sailed from Boston in July, 1860. She readied Upernavik after a short passage and proceeded thence to Smith'  leader of thi? dog team i< now on board the United States, nnd is 8 Ene specimen of the species. The par- ty reached latitude 79 in the Middle Smith's Straits, and here the parly divid- ed Dr nnd three went far B.S latitude 3.V, wen of Kennedy Channel, and were thtre obliged to put hack, their being c-ihiitnterj IUye-5 renched hie re-spclon the 27th iT oiling out fcrcnt f Of OM ;V of .Tiilr. THE RICHES op THE West is sharing in the activity manifest in the manufacturing districts. The sur- plus of farm products, essential to sus- tain a large army, in the hands of pro- ducers at the commencement of the troubles, was immense. The wheat crop of the present year, thongh not so large as heretofore, and in some sections seri- ously injured by the late rains, will yield a fair amount for the world can draw on the west for any amount of corn without any fear of having the drafts dishonored. Beef, pork and pro- visions of ull kinds are in full no fear should be entertained that the government will need supplies, even for a million of men, should that number be ueeded to put down the rebellion. Our armies will consume most of the produce from the West which in former years has gone to a southern market. In addition to what the eastern States and the grand firmy will require of the products ot the West, it is now certain that boih England and Frnnce will be large purchasers of our cereals. Prices here simulated by this foreign demand, would be satisfactory and highly remu- nerative, were it not for the enormous freights, caused by a scarcity of vessels and the clogging of railways by the im- mense shipments which hare been press- ing on to the seaboard. But, like all other evils of this class, by another season it will hnve cured itself, ond the charges, for freights will no longer consume trear- ly all the profits of the formers. So far, therefore, B.S present prospects will warrant an opinion, the West cnn cheerfully wait the progress of current events. She has an abundance of food, and our own country and Enropc are likely to require all she can The money for onr surplus is rapidly placing the West in an independent with the economy and the energy proc- ticed by our people for the past few years, they have every reason to hone for cob- Ktantial prosperity. Let tbe government rigorously prosecute the war against the The WeU iit ready and most willing '.n do her part nf the to Scar h'T tbsre of Ihe Let the rebellion pit down, cost it may of blood snd A Piece of Enterprise. Not very many years ago some enter- prising British capitalists, encouraged by the successes of American steamship builders, projected a line of ocean ateam- ers. The undertaking was brought be- fore Parliament, and there the present Earl of Derby, then, we believe, Lord Sianley, following the argument of Dr. Dionysius Lardner.demonstrated the im- possibility of a vessel crossing the At- lantic by means of steam, and promised, if ever a steamer should enter Liverpool from America, to "cat her But, at the very time he was speaking, the first ocean steamer had left Urn coun- try, and was nearing the Irish Channel on her successful way to Liverpool. In like manner, when our government first proposed to close the southern coast against all commerce, the London and some other journals of that kidney made haste to show that it wns clearly impossible. They calculated the distan- ces they estimated the number of ships it would require they showed how easy it would be to escape the utmost vigil- ance of onr cruisers; and while they were yet studying iheir maps, our fleets had quietly moved to their places, and the blockade was so complete and effec- tive" that even the most stubborn disbe- liever was obliged to acknowledge its force. No sooner had nn American demon- strated the possibility of crossing the At- lantic by steam, than the British began to build oceun steamers and establish ocean steamship lines; and no sooner has our government shown itself capable of guarding the southern const, than the British convinced by our success, proposes to blockade a coast line not only longer than that we are guarding, but infinitely more difficult to watch, because of its greater distance from supplies and the nr-healthiness of some pans of it. The extreme length of our southern coast line, counting in all the important indentations, is less than twenty-eight hundred miles. The greater part of thi.t is on the Atlantic, nnd within at most three or four days sail of New York, where ships can refit and recruit to the fullest extent needed. Even our Gnlf squadrou is only three or four days bv steam from Key West, where immense supplies of every kind nre constantly stored, so th.it the Gulf fleet has even fresh beef and vegetables for its crew. The Mexican coast, which Great Bri- tain proposes to blockade with the help of France and Spain, has a total extent of not less than thirty-Ove hnndred miles, two thousand miles on the Pacific side, and fifteen hundred on tbe Gnlf. Sup- pose the Mexican government submits quietly to the seizure of its customs rev- enue, sixty per cent, of which ii, accord- ing to trustworthy accounts, aheady fair- ly mortgaged lo British creditors. It would.of conrse.be the duty of the block- ading powers not only to collect the du- ties received in the principal ports, but also to take care that the revenue laws are not evaded by smugglers Other- wise, their occupation wonld be profit- less, and the consuls, who are to be ap- pointed to sit at the receipt of customs, would have nothing to do. But this will require e large and per- manent naval force, which must cruise in regions which are for a part of every year very nnheallby, and for the other part exposed to violent storms, snch ns the northers" which every winter the navigation of ihe Gulf of Mexico dangerous. At the same time these fleets will be far from stations where they can repair and obtain supplies cheaply." In- deed any serious injury to a cruiser on the Gulf coast of Mexico wonld necessi- tate her return to Europe, or at least to one of our own northern ports. Greatly as the British government may fee) encouraged by onr success in guard- ing ourown immense southern coastline, it will do well to remember that the cir- cumstances of its projected blockade are very different, and it ranst be greatly more expensive. The English papers sneak hopefully of the prospects of tbe British and other Mexican but we fear the proposed plan of occupa- tion, however thoroughly carried cost more than it comes to and that the poor bondholders will receive even less from John Bull than they might rea- sonably hope to eet from the present government of Y. Post. FLAX cotton is already becoming an article of commerce Considerable quantities of it are prepared and find a ready market for various purposes chiefly for mixture with cotton and wool. Al- though inferior to cotton for most pur- poses, it is equal to it for many nnd su- perior to it for tome. It has fairly tak- en its place among the textile raw mate- rials, and it will grow more important as the supply increases, as the processes for its preparation improve, and as the uses for it develop. Caors is- IOWA letter from lown :_" Every orchard here is loaded down with apples. We shall revel in them this to 30 cents per bushel. Corn 16 cent's a bushel; ejrpi six cents a dozen floor Itro dollars per hundred pounds. There is no market for anything." THE successor of Gen. Anderson in the leadership of the Southwestern eolnmn of the Federal forces to Kentocly not be confounded with the Sher- man of artillery in aRwpned to the command of tbe great Southern f taiM 'pin EWSPAPER   

From 1607 To The Present

Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!

Growing Every Second

Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.

Genealogy Made Simple

Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!

Choose the Membership Plan that is right for you!

Unlimited 6 Month

$99.95 (45% Savings!)

Unlimited page views for 6 months Learn More

Unlimited Monthly

$29.95

Unlimited page views for 1 month Learn More

Introductory

$9.95

10 page views for 1 month Learn More

Subscribe or Cancel Anytime by calling 888-845-2887

24 hours a day Monday-Saturday

Take advantage of our Introductory Membership offer and become a member for 1 month only for $9.95!

Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!

Your Membership Includes:
  • 10 page views for 1 month
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a Monthly Membership only for $29.95
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a 6 Month Membership only for $99.95
Best Value! Save -45%
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!

What our Customers Say:

"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.

"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.

"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.

Search Billions of Newspaper Articles 155 Million+ Pages and More Added Weekly!

Uncover 400+ Years
of Newspaper Archives
(1607 to today!)

Browse by Date

Research Newspaper Articles from 19 Countries
& all 50 U.S. States

Browse by Location

Explore 6,200+ Current &
Historical Newspaper Titles
and Counting!

Browse by Publication